7 Burst results for "Army Davis"

"army davis" Discussed on Encyclopedia Womannica

Encyclopedia Womannica

04:45 min | 10 months ago

"army davis" Discussed on Encyclopedia Womannica

"Hello from Wonder Media Network I'm Jenny Kaplan, and this is encyclopedia. Will Manica today's political figure became emblematic of a political movement in Argentina? In her short life chief a saint like status and was so powerful an icon that long after her death, her final resting place remained a subject of fierce debate. Let's talk about if Perron. If, it was born Maria Eva Duarte in nineteen nineteen in Los Toldo's Argentina. If his mother and father were never married in fact, Avis father was married to someone else and had a whole other family eva's mother was his mistress. Still if it was the youngest of their four children to to the `illegitimate' status of the relationship, the family was very poor when evo was six, her father died leaving the family in an even more precarious position. To make ends meet if his mother took in boarders and worked odd jobs when EVA was fifteen, she traveled to Buenos Irs to pursue an acting career. She found success doing radio shows including one in which she portrayed famous women throughout history like Elizabeth I and Catherine. The Great, a sort of dramatized encyclopedia Manica if you will. When it was in her mid twenty s she met a rising star in the Argentinian government colonel Juan Perron. The two were married nineteen forty-five later, that same year, a military coup of rival army navy officials ousted from office. Determined, to return to power one, entered the presidential race with Eva by his side. Her humble beginnings resonated with the poor and working class people of Argentina. The response was overwhelming. The adoration around Abe propelled want to victory and he took office in June of Nineteen, forty six. While Eva held no official title beyond first lady she quickly began amassing political power having built. So much of the campaign around her connection with the poorest citizens of Argentina, she became the defacto secretary of Labor, as well as the unofficial secretary of health. In these unofficial positions if a secured wage increases for unions, she created the Eva Peron Foundation which established hospitals, schools, elder care facilities, and orphanages all around the country A. To progress the rights of women in Argentina, she was influential in the passage of the women's suffrage legislation in nineteen, forty seven and the subsequent creation of the parents to feminist party in nineteen, forty nine. As her popularity grew to saint like fervor. There were calls for her to run as the vice president alongside her husband in nineteen fifty one. But want an eva ended up not going forward with that plan due to opposition from the Army Davis, growing health concerns in nineteen, fifty, two eva passed away from cervical cancer. She was just thirty three years old. Despite her untimely passing Abbas influence reverberated throughout. Argentina. Devoted followers tried to have her canonized but political opponents were set on removing all symbols of parochialism in one, thousand, nine, hundred, fifty, five, one Perron was overthrown and exiled from Argentina. Shortly thereafter, if was embalmed body was stolen. Even. In death, her presence was seen as a threat to her political opponents balanced political power if his remains were eventually returned to Quan Perron who was exiled in Madrid when one passed away nineteen, seventy, four, his third wife Isabel Perron in an attempt to curry favor with the Argentinian working class returned Eva's remains Argentina. They were interred in the presidential. Palace crept. Just two years later, a new government that was hostile to peronism had the bodies removed. In life and in death, Eva was a galvanizing political figure. Her story is memorialized in the award winning musical and later film adaptation of e TAP. As always, we're taking a break for the weekend tune in on Monday for the story of another political powerhouse for more on why we're doing what we're doing check out our newsletter. We'll Manica weekly follow us on facebook and Instagram at Encyclopedia Manica and follow me directly on twitter at Jenny Kaplan. Special. Thanks to my favorite sister and Co Creator Liz Caplan. Talk to you on Monday..

Maria Eva Duarte Argentina Juan Perron eva Eva Peron Foundation Isabel Perron Jenny Kaplan army navy Wonder Media Network Encyclopedia Manica evo Avis Liz Caplan Buenos Irs cervical cancer Abe Los Toldo facebook twitter
Politician, Eva Pern

Encyclopedia Womannica

03:44 min | 10 months ago

Politician, Eva Pern

"If, it was born Maria Eva Duarte in nineteen nineteen in Los Toldo's Argentina. If his mother and father were never married in fact, Avis father was married to someone else and had a whole other family eva's mother was his mistress. Still if it was the youngest of their four children to to the `illegitimate' status of the relationship, the family was very poor when evo was six, her father died leaving the family in an even more precarious position. To make ends meet if his mother took in boarders and worked odd jobs when EVA was fifteen, she traveled to Buenos Irs to pursue an acting career. She found success doing radio shows including one in which she portrayed famous women throughout history like Elizabeth I and Catherine. The Great, a sort of dramatized encyclopedia Manica if you will. When it was in her mid twenty s she met a rising star in the Argentinian government colonel Juan Perron. The two were married nineteen forty-five later, that same year, a military coup of rival army navy officials ousted from office. Determined, to return to power one, entered the presidential race with Eva by his side. Her humble beginnings resonated with the poor and working class people of Argentina. The response was overwhelming. The adoration around Abe propelled want to victory and he took office in June of Nineteen, forty six. While Eva held no official title beyond first lady she quickly began amassing political power having built. So much of the campaign around her connection with the poorest citizens of Argentina, she became the defacto secretary of Labor, as well as the unofficial secretary of health. In these unofficial positions if a secured wage increases for unions, she created the Eva Peron Foundation which established hospitals, schools, elder care facilities, and orphanages all around the country A. To progress the rights of women in Argentina, she was influential in the passage of the women's suffrage legislation in nineteen, forty seven and the subsequent creation of the parents to feminist party in nineteen, forty nine. As her popularity grew to saint like fervor. There were calls for her to run as the vice president alongside her husband in nineteen fifty one. But want an eva ended up not going forward with that plan due to opposition from the Army Davis, growing health concerns in nineteen, fifty, two eva passed away from cervical cancer. She was just thirty three years old. Despite her untimely passing Abbas influence reverberated throughout. Argentina. Devoted followers tried to have her canonized but political opponents were set on removing all symbols of parochialism in one, thousand, nine, hundred, fifty, five, one Perron was overthrown and exiled from Argentina. Shortly thereafter, if was embalmed body was stolen. Even. In death, her presence was seen as a threat to her political opponents balanced political power if his remains were eventually returned to Quan Perron who was exiled in Madrid when one passed away nineteen, seventy, four, his third wife Isabel Perron in an attempt to curry favor with the Argentinian working class returned Eva's remains Argentina. They were interred in the presidential. Palace crept. Just two years later, a new government that was hostile to peronism had the bodies removed. In life and in death, Eva was a galvanizing political figure. Her story is memorialized in the award winning musical and later film adaptation of e TAP.

Maria Eva Duarte Argentina EVA Eva Peron Foundation Juan Perron Isabel Perron EVO Army Navy Avis Los Toldo Buenos Irs Cervical Cancer Peronism ABE Army Davis Secretary Of Labor Abbas Secretary Vice President
"army davis" Discussed on Your Brain on Facts

Your Brain on Facts

08:04 min | 1 year ago

"army davis" Discussed on Your Brain on Facts

"Rather than a top ten list for today's episode, Let's do a list of number ones. On October twenty, fifth, Nineteen Forty Benjamin Davis senior became the first African American to serve as a general officer in the US Army. He entered the military service in July of Eighteen, ninety eight during the war with Spain as a temporary first lieutenant of the eighth US volunteer infantry. He then served as a corporal and Squadron Sergeant Major, and in one thousand, nine, hundred one was commissioned as a second lieutenant of Cavalry in the regular army. Davis's military decorations included the bronze star, and the Distinguished Service Medal for exceptional merit to service the government in the duty of great responsibility from June nineteen, forty, one to November, nineteen, forty, four as an inspector of troop units in the field and a special war department consultant on matters pertaining to Negro troops. Immediately following the Civil War William Kathy enlisted in the US regular army in Saint Louis, Missouri William was described by the recruiting officer as five foot, nine inches, tall with black eyes, black hair and a black complexion. This cursory examination by an army physician missed the fact that William Cathy. Was Actually Kathy Williams an African American woman. Kathy served from November. Eighteen sixty six, until her discharged with a surgeon certificate of disability on October, eighteen, sixty eight. Despite numerous and often lengthy hospital stays during her service, her gender was not revealed until June of eighteen, ninety one, when she applied for a disability pension and disclosed her true identity, she did not receive the pension, not because she was a woman, or because she was black, but because her disabilities were not considered service related. Kathy Williams has been noted in military history journals as the only documented female buffalo soldier, and the only documented, African American, woman who served in the US army, prior to the nineteen forty eight law, which officially allowed women to join. In eighteen seventy seven Henry O flipper became the first African American to graduate from the US Military Academy at West. Point new. His assignment in July eighteen, seventy, seven to the Tenth U. S, Cavalry One two Black Cavalry regiments organized after the civil war was the realization of personal dream. Unfortunately his dream was short lived as he was wrongfully court. And dishonorably discharged. Assigned to the Tenth Cavalry Over Buffalo Soldiers Lieutenant. flipper served at forts Elliott. CONSCIO- Commitments Sill in. Davis and he fought twice at Eagle Spring Texas during the Victorio campaign against the Apaches eighteen eighty. In one thousand, nine, hundred one while stationed at Fort Davis Texas. He was framed by white officers and charged with embezzlement. At his court martial, he was found not guilty of embezzlement, but guilty of conduct, unbecoming an officer and a gentleman. He? Was dishonorably discharged, and for the rest of his life thought to restore his good name. Following his death in nineteen forty flippers, descendants continued advocating to have his dishonorable discharge overturned, and in nineteen seventy six with the recognition of his mistreatment, he was finally granted an honorable discharge and a full pardon. West Point now gives an award in his honor to the graduating senior to slade, the highest qualities of leadership, self, discipline and perseverance in the face of unusual difficulties while a cadet. World! War Two brought out the best in America's young people. Young African American women like Margaret e Bailey found it as an opportunity to fight for their citizenship. This isn't a situation like starship. Troopers wear service guarantees citizenship. But military service and the struggle for civil rights are intrinsically intertwined. By May nineteen, forty, three, one, hundred and eighty, three African, American nurses held commissions in the Army Nurse Corps. During World War Two African American nurses served in all theatres of the war including. Africa Burma Australia and England. At the conclusion of World War Two about six hundred african-american nurses it served. One of these nurses Margaret e Bailey accepted a commission in June of Nineteen, forty four. In July, of nineteen, sixty, four Bailey became the first African. American promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in the Army Nurse Corps and in nineteen seventy, she was promoted to full colonel. Throughout her twenty seven year career in the army. Colonel Margaret Bailey advocated for the integration of all military housing, work environments and recreational facilities. Following her retirement Bailey became a consultant to the surgeon general to promote increased participation by members of minority groups in the Army Nurse Corps. In nineteen, forty seven roscoe Robinson junior attended Saint Louis University for only a year before he transferred to the US Military Academy at West Point. He graduated with a degree in military engineering in nineteen fifty one. During the next thirty four years he would become a distinguished combat commander, and the first African American to become a four star general. He served in the Korean War in nineteen fifty two platoon, leader and rifle, company commander and received the Bronze Star. After returning to the United States a year later, he became an instructor in the airborne, Department of the US Army infantry school. In nineteen, sixty seven, he served as Battalion Commander in Vietnam, and there received the Legion of Merit the Distinguished Flying Cross Eleven air medals and two silver stars. He was promoted to Brigadier General. And in Nineteen, seventy five became commanding general of the US Army Garrison in Okinawa. He also commanded the eighty second airborne. Division at Fort Bragg North Carolina. His final assignment was as US military representative to the NATO Military Committee. He was then awarded with two distinguished service medals and one defense distinguished service medal. After his retirement, he was asked to oversee a panel tasked to examine the Korean War performance of some African American army units that had previously been criticized. When Hazel Johnson an operating room nurse who graduated from the Harlem Hospital School, of Nursing, joined the army in nineteen, fifty five. She thought it would be an opportunity that would allow her to explore the world and hone her nursing skills. She had no idea she would become the first. African, American, female, General Officer. She entered the army shortly after president here he truman banned segregation and discrimination in the armed services. Through her diligent service, Johnson was rewarded with a number of promotions and posts of responsibility. She also afforded educational opportunities and would earn a bachelor's degree in nursing. At Villanova. University a Master's degree in nursing education from Columbia, university and a PhD in education in the nistration from Catholic University. As chief of the RBIS Nurse Corps General. Johnson commanded seven thousand male and female nurses, including those in the Army National Guard and Army Reserve. She also set. And oversaw operations in eight army, medical centers, fifty six community hospitals, and one hundred and forty three free standing clinics in the united. States Japan Korea Germany, Italy and Panama. The list of awards and recognitions throughout her military career includes the nineteen seventy-two US Army nurse of the year honorary doctorates from Villanova University Morgan State University the University of Maryland the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Meritorious Service Medal, and the army commendation medal.

US Army Army Nurse Corps army Colonel Margaret Bailey Army National Guard and Army R US Military Academy US Army infantry school Benjamin Davis United States Cavalry William Kathy General Officer Hazel Johnson officer US volunteer infantry Kathy Williams
"army davis" Discussed on American History Tellers

American History Tellers

02:59 min | 2 years ago

"army davis" Discussed on American History Tellers

"Your stop warning off Los Angeles Police Department where you had it Los Angeles. You must be six maybe seven hundred miles from LA. Well, sir, I'm fixing to reach Yuba city. But think today might only go as far as altruism. Maybe Susan's vilify can make good time. Why yuba? Gnocchi? Well, no, sir. I grew up in Lamar Nebraska, but I've been traveling around doing odd jobs last couple of years just down from Columbia right now. My brothers working on those dams they're building. And he let me stay with him for a couple of weeks, Nebraska. He sounds unconvinced. Well, wherever you're coming. From sounds like you don't got much money or a job can have anyone come to California can't take care of him. So well officer I don't understand I heard there's an camp in Yuga chance to work in the central valley. Your they need workers in the almond orchards, California doesn't need anything or anyone. What's in back? Close address. Her nor mattress you hear footsteps heading toward the back of the van suddenly bright lining sunlight floods in and the officer glares right at you. All right. Get up all of you are get you shading. Your is from the morning sun you in the. The other two Ryder step out, and I don't suppose any of you have a job waiting for you either to you you all shake your heads. If you think you can just come into our state, take our money give you choice, you can come with me go to jail for what officer we didn't break any laws. Don't argue with me Okey. I said you can come with me or you can turn around head back across the border and just stay out of our state officers is there right at you. Now, what's it to be? Five years after controversial deportation policy split, Los Angeles. The city again became the epicenter of anti outsider sentiment. This time. It wasn't foreign immigrants that Angelinos targeted. Instead, they turned against the tens of thousands of Americans coming to California in search of a better life hoping to keep domestic migrants out of Los Angeles, James e Davis the architect of some of the city's most notorious law enforcement initiatives, devised a new plan to target indigent. Transients Davis was a migrant to California himself he grown up poor in Texas where he picked cotton until he joined the army in nineteen nine after two years in the army Davis moved to Los Angeles. He didn't have any money saved nor did he have any job prospects within a year, though, Davis joined the Los Angeles Police Department fourteen years after that he became the youngest police chief in the cities. History. Davis earned the nickname two gun Davis after he won right handed and left handed shooting competitions develop firearms training programs and urged.

Los Angeles Police Department Los Angeles James e Davis officer California Yuba city Lamar Nebraska yuba Susan Ryder Columbia Texas fourteen years Five years two years
"army davis" Discussed on Your Brain on Facts

Your Brain on Facts

26:39 min | 2 years ago

"army davis" Discussed on Your Brain on Facts

"Since colonial times African Americans have fought in America's wars in every war. In fact, the first person to die in the revolutionary war Crispus. Addicts was black black soldiers put their lives on the line for a country that for centuries in slaved segregated and discriminated against them until the Korean war black served in segregated units under racist leadership and were often relegated to labor and service units, despite the continuous discriminatory treatment that denied blacks full participation in America's military efforts these brave men and women lived lives that deserve to be remembered. My name's moxy. And this is your brain on facts. Possibly the best known. All black military unit comes with a bit of a mystery in its history. They were called buffalo soldiers though, there are competing reasons as to why in eighteen sixty six and active. Congress created six all black peacetime regiments later, consolidated into four the ninth and tenth cavalry. And the twenty fourth and twenty fifth infantry initially the buffalo soldier regiments were commanded by whites with blacks being forbidden from holding the ranks assors these troops often faced extreme racial prejudice. From the army establishment, many officers, including George Armstrong Custer of boo and a his there refused to command black regiments. Even though it costs them promotions. Further black troops could only serve west of the Mississippi River because many whites didn't want to see armed black men near their communities. It even sometimes happened that the buffalo soldiers suffered deadly violence at the hands of civilians. The buffalo. Soldiers main duty was to support the nation's westward expansion by protecting subtler 's building roads and other infrastructure and guarding the US mail. They served at a variety of posts in the southwest in Great Plains taking part in most of the military campaigns during the decades long Indian wars during which they compiled a distinguished record with eighteen buffalo soldiers awarded the medal of honor. We don't have time today to dwell on the irony of African American soldiers fighting native people on behalf of government that accepted neither group as equals. The exceptional performance of these soldiers helped to overcome resistance to the idea of black officers paving the way for the first African American graduate from West Point Henry o flipper who will hear more about later buffalo soldiers played significant roles in many other military actions. They took part in defusing the little known eighteen ninety two Johnson county war in Wyoming, which pitted small farmers against wealthy ranchers and band of hired gunman. They also fought in the Spanish American and Philippine American wars and played a key role in maintaining border security during the high intensity military conflict along the US Mexico border during the Mexican revolution in nineteen eighteen the tenth cavalry fought at the battle of almost Nagales where they assisted in forcing the surrender of the Mexican federal militia forces discrimination played a role in diminishing the buffalo soldiers involvement in. Upcoming major conflicts during World War One the racist. Policies of president Woodrow Wilson among whose claims to infamy include segregating federal offices, led to black regiments being excluded from the American expeditionary force and placed under French command for the duration of the war. The first time ever that American troops were placed under the command of a foreign power. Then prior to World War Two the ninth and tenth cavalry regiments were essentially disbanded and most of their troops moved to service roles. However, the ninety second infantry division known as the buffalo division did see combat during the invasion of Italy, while another division that included the original buffalo soldiers of the twenty fifth infantry regiment fought in the Pacific theater. The last segregated US. Army regiments were disbanded in nineteen fifty one during the Korean war and their soldiers integrated into other units. There was an episode of mash about that enough. You saw it where a CO was sending his black soldiers on the most dangerous details in hopes of getting rid of them bonus. Super tangent fact, mash ran nearly four times longer than the main fighting in the Korean conflict. I say main fighting because the conflict was paused with the armistice, but not officially ended until recently even with the show still in reruns. The Korean war is considered the forgotten war since since the least remembered in American history. Back on track. Though, why were these troops called buffalo soldiers? There are differing theories regarding the origin of the nickname one. Is that the plains Indians who fought the soldiers thought that their dark curly hair resembled, the firm the buffalo? Another is that their bravery and ferocity and battled reminded the Indians of the way, Buffalo's fought whatever the reason the soldiers considered the name high praise as buffalo were deeply respected by the native peoples of the Great Plains eventually the image of buffalo became part of the tenth cavalry's regimental crest. Five million Americans served their country in uniform during World War One including two million, deployed overseas. More than three hundred fifty thousand African Americans served or World War One, overcoming racial, hostilities. These men demonstrated through their service, a love of country and the importance of equality. The paradox of African Americans fighting on the frontlines in France was clear, they defended America's freedom abroad, while being denied rights at home all of the civil war ended fifty years before World War One began racial discrimination was common through most of America. Jim crow laws enforced, a culture segregation African Americans faced prejudice from their white counterparts in the service and in civilian communities near stateside, military bases. Eugene shock Woollard may have been the six thousand nine hundred and fiftieth French military pilot during his wings. During World War One. But he's remembered as history's very first African American aviator, the twenty one year old volunteer graduated from flight training in may of nineteen seventeen after spending more than twelve harrowing months fighting in the French army on the western front. One of nearly three hundred US citizens to serve in Francis. Burgeoning air corps prior to America's entry to the war Bulaq was essentially assigned to the famous Lafayette flying corps. Although never earning. The distinction of ace large still one many of his adopted country's highest military decorations, including the Lee Joan d'honneur the middle military and liquidity gear despite his acclaim in France who lard received virtually no recognition in America worse after returning to the states as a wounded combat veteran and aviation trailblazer. He died broke in obscurity in his teens young Eugene who was part creek Indian left behind a life of racial, segregation and hopped to transatlantic steamer bound for Europe. He eventually landed in Paris where he made a living as a prize fighter within weeks of Germany's nineteen fourteen invasion of France who lard enlisted like other non native volunteers he was assigned to a French foreign legion regiment where he served with distinction as a machine gunner during nineteen fifteen his twenty three thousand men unit. It was decimated. Suffering more than fifty percent casualties. And lard was transferred to the celebrated one hundred seventy th infantry regiment and sent to the battle of done. Wounded in the opening weeks of the epic ten month. Clash who lard was pulled from the line to recuperate. In October nineteen sixteen Velarde signed on with the French air service and began flight training by the following year. He was piloting spots and reports with the ninety third Esca drill against German warplanes over the verdone sector, a capable aviator who lard quickly earned the nickname, the black swallow of death and Oman to his former regiment as the one seventieth were known as the Iran del dilemma what the swallows of death. Heralded as the only black pilot of the war and a decorated one at that he enjoyed notoriety in the French press following America's entry into the war who lard applied for a transfer to the nascent US army flying corps. That was assembled in France. Spoiler alert the American military rejected him because of his race Velarde continued to fly with the French air service, but was eventually returned to the infantry after striking a superior officer while on leave. He served out the rest of the war in the rear echelon with his old unit. The one seventieth. Following the armistice who lard worked as a jazz, drummer and owned his own bar named less Gujral in reference to his wartime flying, jazz legends and celebrities frequented the club in the nineteen twenties. Buhler married into a wealthy French family and had two children the marriage ended in nineteen thirty five in thirty nine who lard offered his services to France. Again, this time recording the comings and goings of the nightclubs German patrons when Hitler's panzers rolled into France in may of nineteen forty the middle aged Velarde joined the French army in time to see action, but was grievously wounded in defense of Orleans as the country fell to the Nazis who lard was evacuated to Spain and eventually repatriated to the United States still recovering from his injuries. Malarde scratched out a meagre living as a perfume salesman and nightwatchman few in America knew or cared about his legendary exploits. When the war was over the French government offered him compensation for his lost business and his injuries. But he remained in New York. This children. In nineteen forty nine who lard was fond of more than a dozen people attacked by a mob in Peekskill New York while waiting to get into a concert. The fifty four year old war hero being beaten by two. Policemen was even captured on film a few years later who lard briefly returned to France for the fortieth anniversary of the first World War where he received a hero's. Welcome was named to the legion of honor and made a guest of the French military commemoration back in New York who lard worked as an elevator operator. He died of stomach cancer in nineteen sixty one of the age of sixty six eventually his service was more properly acknowledged the air force granted Willard, an honorary commission of second. Lieutenant. While Eugene Bulaq is remembered for being the first African American fighter pilot in history. He isn't the first black combat aviator that honor goes to on that Ali collected of the Ottoman air service. Born in eighteen eighty three in Izmir Turkey to African parents almond joined the Turkish navy in nineteen oh four four years later. He went to the naval academy and was made an officer in nineteen fourteen. He enrolled in flight school and the came pilot in the autumn and air corps in nineteen sixteen. Unfortunately, most details of his record as a combat flyer are unclear the first black flyer for the British empire was likely that Jamaican-born William Robinson Clark dubbed, the pilot of the Caribbean by the RAF that might be the most solid pun. I've heard this week. According to the Royal aero club trust, the UK, the twenty two year old aircraft mechanic turned aviator earned his wings sometime in April of nineteen seventeen predating Goulard's may fifth the registration by at least five days, according to Jamaican. Sources Clark was one of a handful of black pilots from the West Indies to serve in the British air force during the war. When the African American national guard soldiers of New York's fifteenth infantry regiment arrived in France, December nineteen seventeen they expected to conduct combat training and enter the trenches of the western front right away. They couldn't have been more wrong. They were ordered to unload supply ships for their first few months in France. Joining the mass of supply troops known as stevedores working long hours in the port more than half of those deployed in Europe were assigned to labor and stevedore battalions given tasks that many army leaders saw as most appropriate like building, roads bridges and trenches in support of the frontline troops in the port of Saint Nazaire. The New York national guard soldiers learned that they would work to prepare the docks and rail lines to be a major port of entry for the hundreds of thousands of soldiers yet to arrive, according to the two thousand three book Harlem's health fighters, quote, I Pershing would have a source of cheap labor second. He wouldn't have to worry about what to do with the black soldiers, particularly when he might have to mix them with white troops. They had no place to put the regiment recalled infantry captain Hamilton fish in the book, it weren't going to put us. In a white division, not nineteen seventeen. Anyway. So our troops were sent in to supply and service as laborers delay railroad tracks. This naturally upset are men tremendously. The regiment's. Best advocate was their commander. Colonel William Hayward. Hayward argued his case in a letter to general Pershing, outlining the regiment's mobilization and training and followed up immediately with a personal visit to Pershing's headquarters. He would bring with him the regiment's most formidable weapon in swing public opinion the regimental band lauded as one of the finest in the entire expeditionary force. While the regiment, literally laid the tracks for the arrival of the two million troops deploying in France, the regimental band toured the region performing for French and American audiences at rest centers hospitals with three hundred sixty ninth band was unlike any other performance audiences seen or heard before the regimental band is credited with introducing jazz to France during the war after some three months of labor constructing nearby railways to move supplies. The soldiers learned that they had orders to join the French sixteenth division for three weeks of combat training. They also learned they had a new regimental number as the renamed three hundred sixty ninth infantry, regiment, not that it mattered much to them. They still carry their nickname from New York the black Rattlers while the three hundred sixty ninth infantry would become part of the US army's ninety second infantry division. It would be assigned to fight with French forces. This solve the dilemma for Pershing and. The American expeditionary forces of what to do with the African American troops. The unit was effectively given to the French army. The black troops would see combat, but alongside French soldiers who were already accustom to variety of races ethnicities serving in the ranks of their colonial troops, which is I guess a tiny sliver of silver lining to imperialism. The French army instructors welcomed their African American trainees as comrades-in-arms and were impressed by the performance after learning valuable lessons in trench warfare from their French partners the soldiers of the three hundred sixty ninth finally had their chance to prove their medal is combat troops. When they entered the frontlines holding their line against the last German spring offensive near Chateau, Joey their value was not lost on the French. Then the regiment continued to fight alongside French forces participating in the is Marnie counteroffensive in the summer of nineteen eighteen alongside the. French one hundred sixty second infantry division. The regiment would go on to prove itself in combat operations throughout the rest of the war receding Francis. Highest honor the quality care for its units actions alongside some one hundred seventy one individual decorations for heroism. The hell fighters from Harlem had come into their own in spite of their difficult start. Rather than a top ten list? For today's episode. Let's do a list of number ones on October twenty fifth nineteen forty Benjamin o. Davis senior became the first African American to serve as general officer in the US army. He entered the military service in July of eighteen ninety eight during the war with Spain as a temporary first Lieutenant of the eighth, US, volunteer infantry. He then served as a corporal and squadron sergeant major and in nineteen oh one was commissioned. As a second Lieutenant of cavalry in the regular army, Davis's military decorations included the bronze star and the distinguished service medal for exceptional merit to service. The government in the duty of great responsibility from June nineteen forty one to November nineteen forty four as an inspector of troop units in the field and a special war department consultant on matters pertaining to negro troops. Immediately following the civil war William Kathy enlisted in the US regular army in Saint Louis, Missouri. William was described by the recruiting officer as five foot nine inches tall with black eyes black hair and a black complexion. This cursory examination by an army physician. Missed the fact that William Cathy was actually Kathy Williams. An African American woman Kathy served from November eighteen sixty six until her discharged with surgeon certificate of disability on October eighteen sixty eight despite numerous and often lengthy hospital stays during her service. Her gender was not revealed until June of eighteen ninety one when she applied for a disability pension and disclosed her true identity. She did not receive the pension not because she was a woman or because she was black. But because her disabilities were not considered service related Kathy. Williams has been noted in military history journals as the only documented female buffalo soldier, and the only documented African American woman who served in the US army prior to the nineteen forty eight law which officially allowed women to join. In eighteen seventy seven Henry o flipper became the first African American to graduate from the US military academy at West Point, new his assignment and July eighteen seventy seven to the tenth US cavalry, one of two black cavalry regiments organized after the civil war was the realization of a personal dream. Unfortunately, his dream was short lived as he was wrongfully court-martialed and dishonorably discharged assigned to the tenth cavalry over buffalo soldiers Lieutenant flipper served at forts Elliott conscio- Whitman sill Davis and he fought twice at eagles spring, Texas during the Victorio campaign against the Apaches eighteen eighty in eighteen eighty one while stationed at Fort Davis, Texas, he was framed by white officers and charged with embezzlement at his court martial. He was found not guilty of embezzlement. But guilty of conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman he was dishonorably discharged. And for the rest of his life fought to restore is good name following his death in nineteen forty flippers. Descendants continued advocating to have his dishonorable discharge overturned and in nineteen seventy six with the recognition of his mistreatment. He was finally granted an honorable discharge and a full pardon West Point now gives an award in his honor to the graduating senior who's displayed the highest qualities of leadership self discipline, and perseverance in the face of unusual difficulties while a cadet. World War Two brought out the best in America's young people. Young African American women like Margaret e Bailey found it as an opportunity to fight for their citizenship. This isn't a situation like starship troopers wear service guarantees citizenship, but military service and the struggle for civil rights are intrinsically intertwined by may nineteen forty three one hundred and eighty three African American nurses held commissions in the army nurse corps during World War, Two African American nurses served in all theatres of the war, including Africa, Burma, Australia and England at the conclusion of World War Two about six hundred African American nurses, it served one of these nurses. Margaret e Bailey accepted a commission in June of nineteen forty four in July of nineteen sixty four Bailey became the first African American promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in the army nurse. Core and in nineteen seventy she was promoted to full Colonel throughout her twenty seven year career in the army, Colonel Margaret Bailey advocated for the integration of all military housing work, environments and recreational facilities following her retirement. Bailey became a consultant to the surgeon general to promote increased participation by members of minority groups in the army nurse corps. And a side note, if you heard the tinkling of tiny bell in the background of that section or any part of today's podcast that is the collar of a foster cat named Matrosskaya which means Russian nesting doll, which side note aren't actually Russian. I'll tell you about that someday. After the seventh time I restarted that paragraph. I just decided to leave it in. In nineteen forty seven. Roscoe Robinson junior attended Saint Louis university for only a year before he transferred to the US military academy at West Point. He graduated with a degree in military engineering in nineteen fifty one during the next thirty four years. He would become a distinguished combat commander and the first African American to become a four star. General he served in the Korean war in nineteen fifty two as a platoon leader and rifle company commander and received. The bronze star after returning to the United States year later, he became an instructor in the airborne department of the US army infantry school in nineteen sixty seven he served as battalion commander in Vietnam. And there received the legion of merit the Distinguished Flying Cross eleven air medals and two silver stars. He was promoted to Brigadier General and in nineteen seventy five became commanding general of the US army garrison Okinawa. He also commanded the eighty second airborne division at Fort Bragg North Carolina, his final assignment was as US military Representative to the NATO military committee. He was then awarded with two distinguished service medals and one defense distinguished service medal after his retirement he was asked to oversee a panel tasked to examine the Korean war performance of some African American army units that had previously been criticized when Hazel Johnson an operating room nurse who graduated from the Harlem hospital school of nursing joined the army in nineteen fifty five. She thought it would be an opportunity that would allow her to explore the world and hone her nursing skills. She had no idea she would become the first African American female general officer, she entered the army shortly after president Harry Truman banned, segregation and discrimination in the armed services through her diligent service Johnson was rewarded with a number of promotion. Nhs and posts of responsibility. She was also afforded educational opportunities and would earn a bachelor's degree in nursing at Villanova university. A master's degree in nursing education from Columbia University and PHD in education administration from Catholic university as chief of the army's nurse corps. General Johnson commanded seven thousand male and female, nurses, including those in the army national guard and army reserve she also set policy and oversaw operations in eight. Army medical centers, fifty six community, hospitals and one hundred and forty three free standing clinics in the United States, Japan Korea. Germany Italy and Panama the list of awards and recognitions throughout her military. Career includes the nineteen seventy-two US army nurse of the year honorary doctorates from Villanova university. Morgan state university, the university of Maryland, the distinguished service medal, the legion of merit the meritorious service medal. And the army commendation medal with Oakley cluster. Her responsibilities left little time to pursue other avenues in life, including marriage. However, two years before retiring from the army Johnson, Mary David Brown and the sixteenth chief of the army, nurse corps, became Brigadier. General Hazel w Johnson Brown. And that's where we run out of ideas. At least for today. There are of course, more stories of African Americans who served their country than I could ever hope to recount like Leme, you'll Hanes who served as a minute man during the American revolution after gaining his freedom from indentured servitude. Or major Martin Robinson Delaney. The first African American field officer in the US army. He was accepted to Harvard Medical School, but was kicked out after three weeks when white students petitioned for his removal. More private first class, Milton all of the third who was posthumously awarded the medal of honor for saving the lives of four other soldiers during the Vietnam war when he threw himself on a grenade. Neither stories never be forgotten. Thanks for spending part of your day with e.

US French army US army France officer America Army New York American expeditionary force buffalo soldier US army infantry school US army flying corps Eugene Bulaq Colonel William Hayward
"army davis" Discussed on WLOB

WLOB

01:57 min | 3 years ago

"army davis" Discussed on WLOB

"An off faceoff david shot in may rebound will shouted brunt covered up i swear he had trouble getting through it to cover it up and you can a drifted dilute too far away finally you're gonna close enough for him to cover it and he does for another face saw i that was one back out the topic davis to be started all of that were they wrist shot on net for the left point so conway and look while we'll take the face up now to the right of swayemane but doubted wall with the back to haul way trying to clear can't do heym exited along the wall fully is baz deflected after the blue aiba captive by the friars now cleared out by bank hisako scant through much with it drifts back to davis the at the friars blue line the army davis gains the red line sensitive back is hallway foley coming at him conway jump zenitky today now it's all way forbade by the net dry the other side to look walk act where it out they are naked sedan finally swat it out of there by look walk and sent right back in by the friars mesnel will change jeff top line coming out they've been means most effective in terms of getting something generated on the fortune and they do dump it in what comes around black bears try to keep it in ed trail max get spun around wants due to the right circle pierce it though active keeps it in left quarter century passports the output beckett shot saved made by akihito boy got a terrific save there with the law now he's lost his stick cleared out by the friars.

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"army davis" Discussed on WIBC 93.1FM

WIBC 93.1FM

02:15 min | 3 years ago

"army davis" Discussed on WIBC 93.1FM

"Us my name is pat solvent my name's danny smith and i want to congratulate somebody who is starting his retirement a couple of days go his name's defuse he was in the plan giving department of a salvation army davis been a good friend of ours to radiothons through all the events that have ever happened with salvation army but all danes retired clo blessings in sal you taste wednesday fused good luck there you go all right are any audiences in his biggest it normally us and happy birthday to my baby boy whose 42 today happy birthday inge and i wanted to wish some one well always shelby war award out in hindriks county shelby turns eighty today happy birthday girl keep breathe in ocoee singing go could i gotta guys we should get one of those applause on so we can short the audience of the when they know in their all over the buffa at the be say you know what why don't we do that you have a studio audience one saturday i think it'd be well isn't that what we do we have remote s yeah but i mean now because people that are really where would we ends of w i'd where would we put well i guess we could do it done allies look no right here we just bring us in in a budget shares from the patio department lined the thing with chairs can we have a pitch into not like and have food and stuff because i'm always thorne by that oh yeah we have a buffet uh we've got the so we can have some uh bar high to counter high chairs and some died so we can we can have a highly us some sort again here do you think we put it in here uh we could put in their holding table in a thirty he pushed the hall of fyrom all on don't you dare say fire marshal me i said has the biggest a cop out everybody you hear what the poor fire marshal get beat up more than anybody and you know i say that is because all these little nazis at a running their organisations is lit the fuse yet go an honest what harrowing hand arrogant an iron how to only paul hare marshall you just don't you hate people and you're trying to control their lives we need to have a contest so we can do it we.

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