35 Burst results for "Arizona State University"

What Constitutes a Family?

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:36 min | 2 weeks ago

What Constitutes a Family?

"So what counts as a family, amazing email from Dana, Charlie, I observed the Arizona state university Jim voting center. And they authorized sororities to bring in ballots for their entire sorority up to 40 people by a single person. Because they assume that they all live there full time and therefore they qualify as a family. I recorded this in real time and asked questions and election officials at the sites at its fine. And I was told it was okay because they all lived together in a sorority and they should be able to drop their ballots off as a family. This is a bombshell. Where are the lawsuits? I'm waiting for lawsuits. You should sue on this in particular. Now, in certain states, housemates are legal for ballot drops, but is that really what considers to be as a family is housemates? That's a stretch. By the way, how many of the members of the fraternity and sorority are actually living on site? Are they members of the sorority or are they just there? And obviously, if they're a sorority at ASU, they're very pro abortion. As I've said, I have recorded this in real time in my book, and I will email you the details if possible. So they just go to every single sorority and ballot harvest around this. And we have footage after footage after footage after footage of people just dropping off piles of ballots. It's funny, we did the entire movie 2000 mules. And they didn't stop their nonsense, but our side got more cynical. It's just, we need Abe to get across the finish line, don't we?

Arizona State University Jim V Dana Charlie ASU ABE
Liz Peek: Pollsters Did Not Account for Young Voters

ToddCast Podcast with Todd Starnes

01:12 min | 2 weeks ago

Liz Peek: Pollsters Did Not Account for Young Voters

"I'm with you. When you look at the numbers and Arizona state university, that campus vote is a great indicator for a percent of students voted for Carrie Lake 96% voted for Katie Hobbs. We're talking about thousands of votes right there. Yeah, and that really was the case across the country. And I think, you know, I think Republicans have been kind of complacent about losing this group or that group and we're all excited that we've gotten more Hispanic votes coming. The GOP, but look, young voters, particularly this voting bloc is different because not only do they skew incredibly Democrat in 2020 they went 62% Democrats about the same this time, but they show up. And I think that is what, frankly, if the pollsters made one really big error in showing us all those polls that predicted a red wave, a couple of weeks before the election and leading up to the election, this was probably the difference because some of them assumed that there would be 10% turnout by voters under 40, it turned out to be more like 30%. That's a big number. It is

Carrie Lake Katie Hobbs Arizona State University GOP
Charlie and Dr. James Lindsay on the Dangers of the COVID Mind Virus

The Charlie Kirk Show

02:23 min | 2 months ago

Charlie and Dr. James Lindsay on the Dangers of the COVID Mind Virus

"Are not taking seriously this takeover of every major institution of our children of education, of finance, of sports, of language, and then 2020 happens. So doctor Lindsay was doing all this research and then Floyd a palooza in the summer of 2020 unfolds. They only known cure for COVID. Right, exactly. Where if you're burning down a Wendy's, it's better than wearing a mask. And so really a large parts of the conservative movement I use that term loosely were completely taken by surprise where all of a sudden everything was about race. It was about structural inequity, oppressor versus oppressed, and we are still living through the damage that was implemented from the summer of 2020. And I'm not even talking about the burn buildings. That is true. I'm talking about how they saw their moment to change curriculum, implement textbooks, take over HR departments, be able to change hiring practices, affirmative action quotas. They saw a 90 day window when everyone was locked down and cooped up, took over the entire PR narrative to really introduce in my opinion. This is provocative and the media will find this to be newsworthy. I think that mind virus has done and will do more damage than the Chinese coronavirus. Oh, absolutely. Let's not even a question. And as a matter of fact, he calls it a mind virus. Let's exonerate him a moment and make the media have a slightly harder job than just getting the ignore what I'm about to say. This is totally based and this is one of the things I read in the literature writing those fake papers is there is a paper that was published right here. Arizona state university, two professors. Brienne files and Michael Carter, if you want their names, we like to name names. They wrote this paper in 2016 called women's studies as a virus, and in the paper they explained that these ideologies like women's studies and it could extend a gender erase or whatever you want it to be. Are meant to operate. They said the ideal metaphor for what they do is a virus. They say an ideal metaphor for us would be viruses like HIV, Ebola, SARS, some viruses cause cancer. Well, cancer represents true transformative change. So that's good too. Conservatism, they say represents like the immune system. And normally you need the immune system to preserve the body. But in this case, the virus will be good for the body. So we have to suppress the immune system. This is really how they describe themselves. And

Floyd Lindsay Brienne Michael Carter Arizona State University Viruses Cause Cancer Ebola Sars HIV Cancer
A Fun Fact About 'Dragonslayers' Author Larry Schweikart?

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:29 min | 10 months ago

A Fun Fact About 'Dragonslayers' Author Larry Schweikart?

"Show. Larry Schweikart, author of dragon slayer 6 presidents and their war with the swamp, Larry, welcome to the Charlie Kirk show. How you doing, Charlie? Yeah, those are the glory days when I had a 130,000 Twitter followers. Those were the glory days and forget the followers, the wisdom you had was extraordinary. I got to tell you, you were spot on. You predicted Florida going landslide for Trump before anybody else. You were on top of that thing. You really were. So first, just tell our audience about your background, and then I want to talk about your book, which I find to be super interesting. Sure. Well, I'm a native arizonian and I went to Arizona state university and got a degree in political science, which I found totally useless. And then I joined a rock band had been playing rock and roll all my time through college and high school. And we went on the road and opened for groups like steppenwolf and Savoy Brown and tried a couple of records that didn't go anywhere. It was interesting. Somebody brought up today the who, we played the troubadour, which is the place that broke Elton John and we had one set on a Monday night and the who came in just after we started our set and stayed through the whole set and when we got done, they walked off like slapped me on the back Pete Townsend slapped me on the back and goes way good show walk. So they were totally drunk. I don't know what that said about music. Okay.

Larry Schweikart Charlie Kirk Larry Charlie Donald Trump Arizona State University Twitter Savoy Brown Florida Steppenwolf Elton John Pete Townsend
Kyle Rittenhouse’s Classmates Don’t Want Him on Campus

The Charlie Kirk Show

02:23 min | 1 year ago

Kyle Rittenhouse’s Classmates Don’t Want Him on Campus

"You got to remember, Wendy started that fundraiser. She had $0. We had to re zeros. I want to also the audience to know the financial status of the rittenhouse family. You dropped out of school to support your mom, is that correct? I did. I was working three jobs. I was working at the YMCA rec plex and I was doing some landscaping gigs off the side. So that's the net worth of the rittenhouse family. And then and I'm not saying that diminishingly on this offering context that then the only opportunity you had to get out of jail and get counsel was external support and no one really knew where the money went. It went to John pierce and to linds ego. The Kyle, I'm just sensing this and you could correct me if I'm wrong, you're calm cool and collected until this topic. It just two things in this world pissed me off the most when lunchbox says I'm not a student at ASU. And when linwood likes to go off and say that I'm being handled. So more there you can listen, of course, on the Charlie Kirk show podcast and we'll be dropping it here and we're honored to have an exclusive conversation with him. One of the stories that's been popping up is Arizona state university. Many of the students at Arizona state university will be playing more clips throughout the hour with Kyle rittenhouse, and we're going to get into so much more news as well. But the students at Arizona state university metro date that ASU they have come out and maybe they want to be sued. Maybe they want to be thrown for libel. They say we have been contacted by many media organizations asking for different statements regarding our protest against Kyle rittenhouse. Here's our position. We will not stand for a white supremacist killer on our campus. Really, white supremacist. What evidence do you have of that? Who is basically Kyle's best friend? I'd love for metra day ASU to tell me that. In our view, the rittenhouse shooting is an analogous to the Greensboro massacre. Where 5 antiracist protesters were killed by clan members that were later acquitted by an all white jury. Similar to the Greensboro massacre, the rittenhouse case is a failure of the justice system to punish white fascist vigilante violence. You see, you can only believe things like this if you go to college.

ASU Rittenhouse Kyle Rittenhouse Charlie Kirk John Pierce Wendy Kyle Linwood Lunchbox Greensboro
Students Pressure Arizona State University to Retract Kyle Rittenhouse's School Admission

Mike Gallagher Podcast

01:02 min | 1 year ago

Students Pressure Arizona State University to Retract Kyle Rittenhouse's School Admission

"That on the Kyle rittenhouse issue, there are now several student organizations and Arizona state university pressuring the school, the college to kick Kyle rittenhouse out. He was so proud of being accepted at Arizona state university before all this happened. And he faced charges, as you know, he was acquitted. The groups, the Arizona state university students for socialism, students for justice in Palestine, multicultural solidarity coalition are all lobbying for the Arizona state university administration to withdraw Kyle from the university and release a statement against him. As I understand it, he isn't even planning to go to the school physically. He wants to take he's going to take all of his classic classes online. Nope. He's a murderer. He's a white supremacist, right? My gosh. Maybe Kyle ought to look at going to school in Florida, perhaps she'd be welcomed in the state of

Kyle Rittenhouse Arizona State University Arizona State University Admin Palestine Kyle Florida
Illegal Immigrants Can Yell at Senators in Public Without Any Repercussions

Mike Gallagher Podcast

01:05 min | 1 year ago

Illegal Immigrants Can Yell at Senators in Public Without Any Repercussions

"We live in a country where we're witnessing illegal. Immigrants chase down and harass sitting members of the united states. Senate that's how terrible countries illegals are emboldened in a way that i've never witnessed in my lifetime. I went to the border. A few months ago was in yuma marriage. Zona watched tons of illegal. Just come strolling across the the border. Come right into yuma here. We are process us. Send us into your country because we are here. What are you going to do about it other illegal harassing kerstin cinema on an airplane yesterday day before that it was the ladies room at arizona. State university david harsanyi. The writer conservative voice. Put out a tweet. That was so perfect. Our country is so free that illegals can yell at senators in public without worrying about any repercussions.

Yuma Kerstin Cinema Senate United States David Harsanyi State University Arizona
The Democrat 'Process' Unleashes on Senator Kyrsten Sinema

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:46 min | 1 year ago

The Democrat 'Process' Unleashes on Senator Kyrsten Sinema

"Senator. Kirsten cinema was teaching a class at arizona. State university and was targeted by a couple of students are activists and was accosted and ended up being that the people costing her again. I don't understand why these people post these videos. Same with the first one of the racist and the biggest that were not held accountable by the state university administration by the way a lot of conservatives think. Asu is this wonderful place. Arizona state university is a radical university devoid of wisdom devoid of principle. And if you want your children to hate the country send them to arizona state university. It's not to say that everyone does my good friend. Scott has one of his kids that go to arizona state university. And i think i hope it works out. Well i'm just saying arizona state university and there's some very nasty people that are produced from arizona state university but so these and we also have a great turning point. Usa chapter there. But you start to see these videos of these activists that actually post these videos you think if you commit a felony. Do you still post a video in their activist. Training one one where they learn how to burn down wendy's and you know target white people do they not say. Hey if you commit a felony do not delete the video will. It is a felony to go into the bathroom and record somebody. You are not allowed to do that. You're not allowed to film inside of a bathroom. They did anyway. So these are illegals. That should have been deported. Obviously they shouldn't be in our country the motto they're dreamers wonderful people. Yeah right now. Go into the restroom. Break the law and record cureton cinema. Were she's been a professor there for nineteen years belligerently screaming build back better. Build back better. It's their new

Arizona State University Kirsten Cinema State University Administratio State University Arizona Scott USA Wendy Cureton
George Soros Funds Marxist Extremists Who Harassed Sen. Kyrsten Sinema

Mark Levin

01:06 min | 1 year ago

George Soros Funds Marxist Extremists Who Harassed Sen. Kyrsten Sinema

"Now we've learned from the Washington free bacon Chuck Ross the George Soros bankrupt is bankrolling the left wing activist group whose members accosted senator Kirsten cinema and the bathroom of the weekend He writes activists with living united for change in Arizona lucha film cinema while she was teaching at Arizona state university on Saturday after she refused to meet with the group the discuss her opposition To the spending bill sources open society foundation is living United's biggest donor They gave 1.5 million to the group in 2019 That's an enormous amount In a court of a 1 million 20 17 according to the philanthropy's grant database living united reported around 1.7 million in revenue in 2019 And 328,020 17 So Soros propped this group up Another sick on cinema

Chuck Ross Senator Kirsten Cinema George Soros Open Society Foundation Arizona State University Washington Arizona United Soros
Sen. Kyrsten Sinema Confronted by LUCHA Thugs in Arizona State University Bathroom

Mark Levin

01:22 min | 1 year ago

Sen. Kyrsten Sinema Confronted by LUCHA Thugs in Arizona State University Bathroom

"The Democrats have sent their militia out again They've all these hardcore Marxist organizations Black Lives Matter Not so much antifa and tiva pretty much operates on its own But you have groups of illegal aliens other groups Who protest who go to the homes of Supreme Court Justices who are now trying to intimidate to United States senators to Democrats cinema and mansion in particular cinema Cinema was harassed bullied and sure it's going into a public restroom at the Arizona state University the ladies room the other day Yesterday and apparently she just flew in from Arizona to Regan national and they met her there and were harassing her there as well And this group is called Lucia LU CHA And has pointed out by power line Scott Johnson the lucha thugs who stalk senator cinema in the ladies room and Arizona state yesterday We're not out to win friends or influence people in the style of Dale Carnegie In little decency in an argument they applied time tested tactics

Lucia Lu Cha Supreme Court Arizona State University Regan Arizona United States Scott Johnson Dale Carnegie
Kyrsten Sinema Berated by Activists in Bathroom at Arizona State University

Mike Gallagher Podcast

03:06 min | 1 year ago

Kyrsten Sinema Berated by Activists in Bathroom at Arizona State University

"Progressive activists are furious at west. Virginia's joe mansion and arizona's kerstin cinema so Now they're taking their anger directly to these debt. Moderate democrat senators in one case literally following them into the bathroom while senator cinema attempted. Well she did. Use the bathroom in the stall. It's unreal their gross. The people on the left are so gross. Where's the democrats are democrats going to denounce activists chasing kirstin cinema into a ladies room. This gross they've they are here's the encounter. It was cut number nine. She's teaching a class. Somewhere i guess at arizona state university and she takes because out to take go to the bathroom they literally chevrolet of them. Go into the ladies room with her. She asked to go into the stall and close and lock the stall presumably to do her business while they're still harassing her. And it's not just a self-described illegal harassing her. It sounds to me like the guy holding the the personal and the camera is a man. So you got the man filming. This encounter in the women's restroom at arizona state university wants to actually i had now but right now hold the real moment that our people need in order to be able to talk about. What's really happening. We need to build back better plan right now. We're not need how we not endorsed for you. To get you elected and just got elected we can get you out of office. You support what you promise that. She's going to the bathroom million. We need the brian. Here's a man's voice. I was talking to the united states. And i was three years old and in two thousand and ten. My grandparents both god's imported because of sc. Seventy and. I'm here because i definitely believe that. We need a pathway to citizenship. My grandfather passed away two weeks ago and i was not able to go to mexico and visit him because there's no pathway to citizenship and if we have the opportunity to pass right now then we need to do it because there's millions of undocumented people just like me who share the same story or even worse things to happen to them because seventy portion and there's opportunity to pass it right now we need to. We need to hold you accountable to what you told us what you promised us that you were going to pass when we knocked on boards for you now want to have some accountability. That young illegal ought to be deported right now.

Joe Mansion Kerstin Cinema Kirstin Cinema Arizona State University Arizona Virginia United States Mexico
"arizona state university" Discussed on Entrepreneur on FIRE

Entrepreneur on FIRE

05:20 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Entrepreneur on FIRE

"Fire nation more value bombs coming up as soon as we get back from thanking our sponsors looking for a business coach who was helped thousands of entrepreneurs just like you to increase our profitability by an average of one hundred and four percent per year all for less money than what it cost a hire a fulltime minimum wage employees fire nation meets. Clark claes been coaching businesses. Just like your since two thousand and six yep even through the great recession and he doesn't.

"arizona state university" Discussed on Entrepreneur on FIRE

Entrepreneur on FIRE

05:13 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Entrepreneur on FIRE

"Last year starbucks coffee opened our first store. In south africa in johannesburg i had never been to south africa before did not know what to expect. Certainly could not have been prepared for the level of poverty and what i saw the townships throughout the city. We opened two stores in lines out the door in anticipation of starbucks coming to the market. But before we opened the stores. I gathered the fifty young people who would embrace the green apron and represent the company. I sat with them for a few hours. I wanted to hear each of their personal stories as they were sharing their stories with me. Despite their poverty their plight in life there were so much joy and gratitude in their hearts. But what i learned was two things one. All fifty of these young people had never had a job before they were all unemployed for their entire life and you should see the self esteem and sense of security as are getting ready for their first job but the second lesson was as going around the room and talking to me about their story. I kept hearing an african word. I had never heard before a word that nelson mandela us all the time. The word is ubuntu and finally. I got the courage. And i ask. What does this word mean that you keep using. They couldn't wait to share it with me in unison. They said howard to means. I am because of you as i have the honor to speak with you today. I ask you to keep that story in. Mind because everything i'm going to share with you. Today is through the lens of in bantu. I grew up in brooklyn new york and public housing. The projects as it was called back then. My parents were both high school dropouts and they could barely afford ninety six dollars a month rent in our two bedroom apartment for my brother. My sister and my parents however from my earliest memories. My mother instilled in me her belief in the american dream and the promise of america that a good education hard work will open the doors to a better life and that provides me with an important lesson to share with all of you today. They are stationed in. Life does not define you in the promise of america. that is for all of us. When i was seven years old at a defining moment in life i came home from school one day and saw my father laid on the couch with a cast from hip to ankle. He had a series of terrible blue collar jobs as a highschool dropout army vets. But this particular job he had a nineteen sixty was probably the worst. He was a truck driver. Delivering and picking up cloth diapers before the invention of pampers. He fell on a sheet of ice and march nineteen sixty in march of nineteen sixty. If you're a blue-collar worker an uneducated worker you are dismissed if you had an accident. No workers compensation no severance no health insurance. And i saw the fracturing of the.

starbucks south africa johannesburg nelson mandela howard brooklyn america new york
"arizona state university" Discussed on Entrepreneur on FIRE

Entrepreneur on FIRE

01:33 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Entrepreneur on FIRE

"And we've collected the best of the best for you to enjoy as soon as we get back from thinking. Our sponsors fire nation is time to stop trading time for money and start reaching more clients and making a bigger impact in you can do just that with online courses. Try think kick for free today at think epic dot com slash e o f. That's t h. I n k i. F dot com slash e f. Are you looking for a proven business coach. Wes helped thousands of entrepreneurs just like you to increase their profitability by an average of one hundred and four percent per year. All for less money than it would cost a hire a fulltime minimum wage employees schedule. Your free consultation today with klay clark. A former small business administration entrepreneur of the year at thrive time show dot com slash fire. Welcome to the graduation. Speech of howard schultz the starbucks executive chairman and this is at arizona state university back in thousand seventeen. Think you president crowe for that generous introduction. I really appreciate our friendship and everything we are doing together. Thank you to the arizona board of regents faculty and special guests. Congratulations to the graduating class of twenty seventeen and for.

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

02:03 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Welcome to the site of accents. Podcast where we.

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

59:38 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Welcome to the site of accents. Podcast where we explore emerging ideas from signs policy economics and technology. My name is gill. Eappen we talk with woods leading academics and experts about the recent research or generally of topical interest scientific senses unstructured conversation with no agenda or preparation. Be color a wide variety of domains. Rare new discoveries are made and new technologies are developed on a daily basis the most interested in how new ideas affect society and help educate the world how to pursue rewarding and enjoyable life rooted in signs logic at inflammation v seek knowledge without boundaries or constraints and provide unaided content of conversations. Bit researchers leaders. Who low what they do. A companion blog to this podcast can be found at scientific sense. Dot com and displayed guest is available on over a dozen platforms and directly at scientific sense dot net. If you have suggestions for topics guests at other ideas please send up to info at scientific sense dot com and i can be reached at gil at eappen dot info. Yesterday's dini whose professional physics at amazon is taking versity. One of the primary of usage focus is new leaders. Welcome to see you thank you. Yeah thanks for doing this. So i know that you have done a lot of work on neutrinos. You have a few papers. That came out recently. And i want to talk to a twenty eighteen paper dalogue and my own neutrino signatures of primordial black holes. invite you say. These studied primordial black holes ph is as sources of massive neutrinos by hawking radiation under the hypothesis that black holes emit nuclear no bass item states be described quantitatively called the pbs evolution and lifetime is affected by the mass and flew munich dialect my own nature of neutrinos before we get the details celia I wanted to get some definitions of folks would know what black court saw a few episodes of black holes Here we're talking about. The pride won't imprac codes owes The these black holes are fall close to the big bang And then as caulking radiation Sort of The black hole evaporating So to speak and that That lady Imitating these particles called neutrinos. Right is that. Do i understand that correctly. Yes so so pry bhutia blackhaws before we get the neutrinos what is sort of the mechanism of formation their ho- exactly what they have formed sure We believe that Primordial hose could form in the early universe from density fluctuations so We know that any object could can possibly become a black hole if you compress it into a very very small volume so this same process could happen in the universe with Density fluctuations that could be a regional space where there is an over density compared to the surrounding and each of over the east coast past Then then it could get to the point of becoming a black hole This this The details of this process are beyond my expertise But this is fairly reasonable thing to expect and The diesel really small rate in the scheme of things. Yes so when i started to Learn about time or their black holes. I was amazed by how different in mass can be. They can be may be the massive wouldn't but they can also be The mass of Being or they can be Even even smaller so they can really be very very tiny. Yes oh so. That's really really small so this is sort of quantum fluctuations only universe Kind of getting Getting concentrated in vide- small areas But we believe those. Those primordial black holes emit nucleus. we Have to go back to stephen hawking for that stephen hawking wrote this seminal paper Which is about what we nowadays. Nowadays call hawking radiation so he demonstrated that any black hole regardless of what it is could be primordial black hole or a stellar. Nicole doesn't matter any black hole isn't really black because it meets radiations so radiation particles And the the process that we call evaporation so Because a black holes fundamentally gravity objects they would meet any particle that couples to raggedy including trees so It's the moment you have a black hole you do. Have hawking radiation and neutrinos are just that are expected. Part of hawking radiation. You're so caulking radiation so that that happens to every black hole even the even the supermassive ones right so i it said gentle phenomenon And so going to neutrinos now Don't typically thing neutrino site Caltrans and electrons are really well known. neutrinos are particles. Dad don't interact with The matter Espionage don't interact much with matters. We don't really see them. They don't really see them. And and so it's difficult to measure that's right and so so this could you give a. What does the history of neutrino vendor we. I understand such things existed. Let's see We go back to the twentieth century and the story goes That the father of neutrino sees Warfare he. He made the hypotheses of a new particle existing as a way to explain Some strange behavior of neutrinos produced by by nuclear decay so It's it's a long story but Let me just say that For a long time. Neutrinos who just the hypotheses and then around the mead of this twentieth century They would actually officer so we started to Know that this particles existed and But that was pretty much heat. So we didn't know much about the properties And one of these properties the mass which we still don't know i'm easy after all these decades but we still don't know if neutrinos have something like a magnetic went for example And something that we didn't learn until much later on is the fact. That neutrinos oscillate. That's that that sounds. That's something that we that were somehow established Turn of the sanctuary around the around the year. Two thousand really after after decades of of testing with the solar neutrino selling trainers. So there are still there are still a number of no on your trainers. One of them is the mass one and the other one is the The nature of the neutrinos being the iraq particles or miranda particles we She's kind of a fundamental cost. So there are that. That's that's that's related to the fundamental nature of the neutrino as particle break. So so they do. They have a mass but masses small. Do they have a chunk. Neutrinos don't have charge so they are electrically neutral and that's Comedy the biggest reason for for them to be a so allusive as you were mentioning earlier on especially in the in early. Nineteen hundreds all the particle detectors so basically a electro-magnetic detectors they were looking for charge or Magnetic behavioral some sort. So neutrinos don't have that and so they They only have the weak interaction At that that we know wolf and gravity of course and so that's why they They escape detection so so easily because their interaction is very weak. Yeah so so. That's sort of the beauty of neutrinos right so because they don't interact V can go back digits of years. Simple hats Perhaps become pickup one on earth and it would have travelled that distance through all sorts of things but would not have affected wider rate right. Yes and so so the other phenomenon of neutrino is that you mentioned that they also late so are they're failures of tinos they go back and forth. Yes it's It's actually a fairly Easy to this cried kwan to sonam on We know that In quantum mechanics there is this Particles described by these function which is called the wave function. And so the neutrinos could be on. Neutrino could be born as a say an extra and then it's quanta way function would evolve over time in a way that after sometime. The wave function is no longer a purely electron neutrino way function. But the has a little bit or even law actually of a different flavor. It could be a new one or tau. So what we observe in the actors. Is this change of flavor and perhaps the most striking demonstration of this phenomenon is solemn. Neutrinos because we know that the sun produces an extra treatments and It doesn't produce a new on and talion trainers so But here on earth we do Have evidence that the solar neutrino flags that we receive has some You wanna talion. Trina in it and that can only be explained by sedation and Actually after this other neutrino data showed this phenomenon. This was also confirmed by a saint men made experiments so it's a fairly established phenomenon it and so that the flavors are Electron new on tall. Yes that's right and so. Did you understand the vendor made in the sun for example there they are made as electron Neutrinos and by the time they reached the earth day the Immunes dot. Yes yes Impart young. that's that's what happens so ease. It always the case that they get a manufactured so to speak as as electoral neutrinos always. It depends on where they are born. There are places where neutrino sutter born in or flavors. A so it's it's it really varies with With the type of environment We are talking about okay. Okay and so in the people you say ph is this primordial black holes. We talked about radiates right. Handed and left handed dutra knows in equal amounts so anybody right-handed unless the cleaners. Okay let me see so Yes you say. Indicates of dirac neutrinos. pba Left neutrinos in equal amounts possibly increasing deceptive number noon pheno species nest. Yes is that explainable. Yes so right handed than left handed. Neutrinos that may take why to explain what that exactly means me. Just say that It's related to the neutrino mass. So if you're truly knows didn't have a mass which we know they do but if they didn't have a mouse They would only exist as left handed particles which means that basically their spin is Is anti aligned with the momentum and but if they have mass and the iraq particles There could be another type of neutrino which is right handed. Which where the This being ease aligned with a mentor other than anti line and so If you are iraq these these two different species could exist and so instead of having one species of neutrino emitted left-handed one Indicators of a massless trina if we have not suv nutrients than you would have to species and so. The black hole radiate war energy compared to The case when neutrinos don't amass so when we started working on this paper i was interested in this phenomenon that A lot of the literature having to do with a developer. Evaporation of primordial black couls. Consider the neutrinos as massless about. Now we know that they are massive. And so i thought well Sixty speaking at primordial black hole could radiate more energy than previously thought. So i found that aspect interesting and then sees you mention the possibility to increase the effective number of species. That's related to what it was talking about. So then you the black hole would ra- gate more neutrino States or more neutrino Species to spe pseudo speak and then Would increase the number of neutrinos per cubic centimeter Data we observe today so I'm kind of glossing over a lot of these days. But basically cosmology gives us a measurement of this and effective which is called the effective number two species. And if you have this right. Handed neutrinos coming from the primordial black holes. This number could be higher than than expected. And so that would be may be a i way to tell that maybe there are more black holes in the universe yet. So so the hawking radiation essentially creation coming out of black holes Expected defined Expected that over a long period of time. Black holes radiate away lap. Later ray out the mass or information that didn't do it And so this. Radiation is hockey. Radio station is it is a new park. Or is it. Fundamentally composed of neutrinos hawking radiation is made of every particle that no of so A black hole. A camera gate Pretty much everything. Photons neutrinos throngs You loans It said cetera but There is the catch here. The fact that a black hole has a temperature which is another Big achievement of stephen hawking to end and others To that the black hole is thermo dynamical object and so Basically the bigger the black hole the lower the temperature so if the temperature is really low The black hole wouldn't be able to immed- Very massive particles because they are thermal energy would be sufficient for that so because masses energy Mc squared right so because massey's energy If a black hole has too low of a temperature It wouldn't have its quantum energy It's it's Wouldn't be enough to produce the mass off a particular particle for example a proton may be too heavy to be produced by a really low tanto black home so so the beaker. The black called the lower the temperature. Yes ed so. So then can expect the bigger black holes to have more of a neutrino content in radiation. Yes because The bigger black holes would as i said be able to radiate the heavy particles and so they would only be able to radiate away the low mass particles and so there could be black holes that only emit photons gravitons and Neutrinos do a of sort of the distribution of this primordial black holes Isn't you know sort of everywhere. What is what do we know about you. Know some of the distribution of bbc's you mean spatial distribution like where they are now. I'm wondering just like the easy would do sort of look at the early universe will find them everywhere Probably at the beginning they would be a more or less uniformly distributed Bug in the universe. Today they would probably be Behaving like the dark matter. Does they would Be part of galactic halos In other words they would be they would class gravitationally on large structures like a like a galaxy placido galaxy so these call still around They would they would behave like like the dark matter down. So they would be in in halo. Galaxies would have by. Now have april would would they not have disappear because it far it depends on the mass That they have when they are born so their if their mass is less than a certain value that trying to remember Basically yes they would have to By now they would have completely evaporate did their masters larger than they will take longer to evaporate and they could still be around So they roughly speaking the dividing line between a black hole. Steve being around today or not. I think it's something like ten to fifteen grams fiery recall correctly into fifteen clams though So this paper. Eusebio obtained the diffuse flux of right hill. Neutrinos from his idea and so so. So so the nikkei actually act to build these neutrinos. They'd be flying here do pbs specifically In principle that's a possibility we Considered that for certain Masses of these black holes and certain density of this black holes the flux of neutrinos that they generate over time could be fairly large and so we could Detect these neutrinos If we had a very Power who attacked so Now life is never ideally in the sense that a real Ut detector have substantive issues like ground And so on. So at the end of the people we conclude that impact is giving given the limitations that current nutrient doctors have It may not really be possible to detect neutrinos trump mortgage black holes but people. That's a possibility and that alone is interesting. Yeah because they suggestion that this primordial black holes could be as as you mentioned could be part of the dark matter that yes to seeking. Is that still About us that has been. There has been a debate on these Kind of going back and forth in the scientific community The latest i heard is that Black whose could be part of the dark matter. Maybe even a large part but probably not they entire dark matter so a one hundred percent primordial Battery is a bit difficult to justify the day. experimental bowels that we already have constrained so various types but there could be scenarios where maybe a fraction of the dark matter. He's made of primordial black holes. I wanted to go into a ended up paper in twenty twenty supernova neutrinos directional sensitivity and prospects for dissertation here the export potential of current and future liquid cinta league neutrino detectors. I decade old town. Mass a localize a super a supernova neutrino signal into sky in douglas was feeding the core collapse nearby star tens to hundreds of english Coated and don't be constructed policy in the detector can be used to estimate a direction to the star so so this is now neutrinos from supernova and You so so we. We have Idea here that before this opened on what happens. If please open over a time period it is creating neutrinos that could pick up and and potentially get ready to see the super bowl. Yes that's what excites me The fact that Think about bitter jews. Beetlejuice is the most famous nearby star. That could go supernova anytime and we don't know when that's going to happen and If it wasn't for these neutrinos that our paper is about we will know until the style literally Collapses and and then soon after becomes superman but in this paper we we Show that before the star collapses which is the beginning of the supernova process We can detect these. These neutrinos That are used at that at that stage and so increase the pool we could know that You know tomorrow. These days beetlejuice exploding and that that would be quite exciting. Yeah it's beetlejuice is is red joy and reasonably close to was really big star. I can remember Cecilia there was some suggestion that It could go supernova within something one hundred fifty thousand years which is obliquely in cosmic time so it is getting ready to go to Supernova right yes. I am not you formed about exactly the number of years give or take but it's it's ready it's ready. It could be any time and any time any time for an astronomer muse anytime the next thousand soviet so we should. We should hold their breath. But it's ready could be tomorrow. It could be in a hundred years could supernova. I know that this is not part of the paper but could the beetlejuice supernova avenue adverse effect on north really know a supernova is very very spectacular event. it's it's a star that collapses so it implodes i and that explodes and then when he explodes It's very bright. In the case of bitter jews we could. We could see by naked-eye shore but in terms of A fact of each radiation and neutrinos in light on on us and on our daily activities. It wouldn't it. Wouldn't affect them in any way so it's a save Show to just enjoy without any worry. Great answer so you talking about supernova neutrinos so so can be actually detect neutrinos from supernova. What different from what we talked about in the previous people Different from pbs I'm not sure. Can you repeat yes. So the new teen emanating from a supernova different from the Neutrinos of expectancy from a primordial black hole. Yes the the different In many ways disney trails have higher energies. So it's much much easier to attack them and indicates will beat the jews. We would detect thousands or even more of dan millions. Probably of them Indiana so different in the way they are born because in our primordial black hole ordinary black hole The processes volcanoes the asian. Which which is a gravity phenomenon in a supernova. You're born out of the very hot and dense environment That the that that the star as after it has collapsed so star collapsing on its own way to become very dense and so In this very dense in hot environment nuclear processes take place that produce these nutrients. So i guess the main difference is that indicates supernova it's most nuclear phenomenon and in the call is really fundamentally a gravitational sonam. Okay you discover technique in this paper and you saved sin principle possible unique the identify the progenitor star so So the existing technology and ideas discussed in the paper viki see teacup a neutrino decode. Identify valid came from or what direction thing from embed you can go back and look at the in that direction if he find to supernova then you could say that the supernova that created in-principle Yes let me. Just say that There are situations and this is not one of them but there are situations where if you have one neutrino you can point to the pointing the sky. What came from in these case. It's a little more complicated. Because what really gives us. The information is the statistical distribution of these nutrients so we are talking about may be the tax in hundred a hundred Gable take from say be for example and What did detector really observe is not the neutrino is kind of a vector which is related to the products of these neutrinos so this neutrino sues interacts with the interact with the detector. And then out of this interaction you have a positive on the new thrown and those can be observed and you can you can create a factory using these two and then and then these rector will have a certain orientation but each each neutrino coming will give you a differently oriented vector but statistically if you look at the distribution of these factors you you can tell you can you can do for with a certain of course The direction of the neutrinos because these vectors are not uniformly distributed they are they have a non uniform distribution of the direction. And so using this information we can we can define a regional the sky where The new three could come from so we can. We cannot now down to a point but we can now down to maybe a cone of a few tens of degrees Width and then we look in that cone and see what stars that com and maybe be juicy one of them. Yeah so As you say you if you see a few Neutrinos Statistics bution of those will give us some some probability That it is in in some region of the sky. And then you say the paper You can then that if it is happening please open nola. You learnt other observational. Modalities multi messagero rations Invisible in radio and other other types of observations Do actually pick up more data so this is almost like a early alert system If it is in place right yes i would call it a very early I learned to because it's we're talking about maybe our worse or insert very fortunate cases. We are even talking about maybe day Before the assad goes supernova and. so that's enough time to plan for for it so a something that fascinated me When i heard about this from a from a an experimentalist is that there is a human factor which was not aware of but The factories so if you have come up with thirty minutes to plan for watching supernova this may not be enough because it just takes stein to make phone calls and get a hold of people and and decide what to do. Come to a consensus in that. I saw in addition to technical things. Like okay have to maybe turn your telescope Direction which takes time. But i i was really fascinated by the human factor. Those things that if you had style we'd be you can kind of gathered. Relevant people decide something but if you have thirty minutes or or or minutes maybe not so. Yeah yeah i wondered. If such a earlier system is in place Perhaps could be something programmatic. Crises is picking up And you have some you know. Maybe some ai techniques or something like that that identifies the region and it goes. Programmatic returned the telescopes look. Yes yes exactly so. There could be a protocol in place For that so e if a telescope was suitable for observing a nearby supernova which which is not always the case than than now that we showed that it's possible to know beforehand if a star is going to go supernova then there could be some sort of protocol in place already so that when the alert comes which is we can just activated the protocol and oriented telescope. maybe automatically will in some sort of Organized way yeah as you say if you remove humans from the process it becomes not better there is actually already working this direction It's called this new two point. Oh a network which has to do with Exactly these using neutrinos as alert for the astronomy community and That has to do with exactly a creating alerts and also creating protocols for how to react to an alert rate. I want to end the people that just came out. it concordant scenario for the observation of neutrino from the tidal disruption. Even eight hundred twenty nine hundred ninety s t You say be induced at phenomenology concordance canadia with the logistic jet of for the title disruption event Between ninety s jesmyn proposes a source of the astrophysical neutrino event. Ice cube So the title disruption even this is star getting cooler into a black hole getting Getting sucked in rate is that the is that even up to the match yes This is something that we We had about be in in popular science stalks What what happens if you get too close to black hole and It's kind of scary. So the answer is you would be ripped apart because your feet will be pulled in with a strong force than your head and these. This is what happens to two statehouse. Use the star gas to close than by guests Ripped the park. Which is what the tied is option means and so instead of a star Rotating around a black hole we just have a stellar stellar That dr intially. I created by the black hole and so This is something that The happy neighbor cops serve did so so we have. This does happen this particularly Eighty twenty nine hundred ninety s and Bequeath actually see a new cleaners from that particular even so tightness. Deduction events are fairly well established phenomenon in astronomy. We have many of them served They they are Fairly a common plays events But what's special about this particular one. Eighty two thousand nineteen years. G is that We could let's say It could have Produced on neutrino that was detected a ice cube so eighty twenty nine hundred ninety s. She is the first either direction event. For which is coincident. Neutrinos detected a dice. Cube in queens. This coincidence is likely to be accidental. So on approachability estimate tells us that these coins. This is pretty causal not accident so eighty twenty nine hundred ninety. The g could be the parent of this neutrino. And that's that's that's a i. That's very interesting. Yes i skew. is a is a big ice cube in the in. The south is I'm not sure it's exactly cuba. But it's it's the biggest block of is which has been Eastern With values Small detectors So it's it's an array of swarner detectors but yeah it's basically a big block of ice which has been transformed into a detective and so so the idea that this high energy neutrinos from what they were System montemar even that happened Out there this high energy neutrinos passing through that ice q. believe some telltale signs All of that happening and yuxi picked up Then began back Just like you were talking about the previous creeper begin. Please back to a region so this is one of those cases where you can tell from a single neutrino of course the with with a narrower where you can tell the point in the sky where three neutrino kate from. It's doable with one single neutrino because this high energy neutrinos when they enter the is They produce ca a shower so they kind of illuminate. They you me nate. The is but the do it in a way which is very much Beat so and then and then the direction of the the direction of bigotry knows. We have a pretty good accuracy often. How often could be a pickup something like that. Do we have an estimate of how often that would happen. Meaning ice cube detects something like this. Every year ice cube the tax Of the order of ten high-energy neutrinos froth outside our galaxy. Tadesse the number for the entire crop of neutrinos that ice cube has It went we talk about tidal disruption events in the specific these are fairly rare phenomena and so they estimated that maybe a few times so percent of the entire neutrino flux the thais cubeys of serving could be from tidal disruption events. Not much more than that. So we are talking about less than half of the total flats being to tell this option events okay and so the tug disruption burned as as you mentioned It starts getting clipped applaud and pulled back into a into a a black hole but this ten percent. Do they have to be these braces as they call it. The things that have a jet that is sort of lying towards us. Is that it necessarily condition for these types of high energy neutrinos. It's it's a plausible scenario Let me just say that. There is an important difference between blazers in tidal disruption events. In the fact that the ablaze is something that has a jet. She's always on so the jets kinda kerman feature of of these particular galaxy but the title is adoption. Event is transient events. Saw dotcoms creates the accretion. This accretion of the star of the black hole produces flair is flair can last year or two but then it would just fade away so There could be jet and in fact in our paper we present where there is a jet so they partisans the user chat But if there is a jet in tiger disruption event. That's a transient suggested. That's born when This starts to create the stellar debris. And then it's on for months or years and then and then shuts off and it has two point in our direction as you as you mentioned because otherwise we would. We would see the trains your so this high energy neutrinos sillier how. How many orders of magnitude are we talking about coming to the one set you pick up. Let's say from the sun I'm not sure about the question. Can you maybe rephrase yet. So when you say this high energy neutrinos that is coming from let's say a tidal disruption events or something like that How much comedy orders of magnitude more energy Outdoors come to you. Know the ones that might be created the sun a lot menu of this magnitude so It is a big difference. So the sun produces new three meals. over a wide range of energies Higher energy neutrinos from the sun reach energies of the order of ten am pt and mega awards and for the ice cream. Neutrinos we are talking about one hundred of the older one hundred t. v. or even thousand teams. Which would be p so. Let's say maybe eighty tortoise magnitude finding the mass rife or okay and so this e. v. measure it is actually measuring the mass of the neutrino of newfield. Now these these neutrinos are have such a Such high energy that basically It's impossible to know their mass Because because as i said massey's energy so they talk energy of neutrino Detected is to be so high that that percentage view to its mass east so tiny that this practice mutual so i was wondering if we know the energy couldn't be sort of back computer to save the mass is or it doesn't follow The reasoning is a bit different and The way to sink about this is perhaps they let me see the formula for energy particle Which used the rest energy Applause the kinetic energy and So connecticut is so high that he thought the overwhelms direct energy. So it's it's and of course every time you measure the energy when three no. There is a narrow associated with the measurement so You we can't really we can't really tell what What led the boss of the detroit news but both roughtly this. This appears to be sort of an early warning system for many many things right topped the supernova the in the title disruption events producing heightened plano's So this could be sort of inundated with a monkey message. Observations protocols as you mentioned that gives us a higher success. Wait suspect. I would think certainly nominated be one right That's the power of multi messenger astronomy the integration of different signals coming from Photos tree knows navigation waves Causing me craze and Danger plays very powerful emmanuel cases and maybe supernova case is the most striking Xenos come first. But that's not always the case So in the indicates of tidal disruption events Did you know that was observed. Came about five months later than the initial dhammika looser version of the tidal disruption events so It's if it can go both ways. neutrinos can be early alert or they only alert could be for example a radio salvation or or an x-ray use ovation and then and then the neutrino attacked or could Focus a surge in that direction as see what they find which which has actually been done ice cube sometimes. Does these these archival. Search this on the basis of others from From for example x ray or gamma ray surveys interested. Exciting eighty that said a lot to be owned It seems It seems like these till don't know all the production mechanisms for neutrinos but if we have robust with to pick them up on than we can place them back and and talk asking questions What might be there definitely So yes so. People celia the next five years Wanted the aid is that you believe Be will make a significant crocus in this Innovative neutrinos then two different areas. That a very promising One is Broadly speaking Manmade nutrients so there is. There is a big push especially hitting the united states to build Create very powerful beams of trainings and then these beams are manmade. So we know that very well. We know that energy we know the composition and we can use them to learn about The properties of treatments and then That other men bead neutrino experiments where Scientists look for the between months so that's also very promising In something i really. I really excited about that. That may be a furious novel with noble the neutrino mass us from these very high position laboratory experience. Then there is the whole Topic of neutrinos as part of the mouth of mike messenger astronomy and in that area. I think what was was to look forward. To among other scenes is the interplay gravitational waves shock waves. You still Somehow a science of its own into a large extent but there are so many possible connections. We've neutrinos tidal disruption adoption events should produce reputation ways so baranov shoot us gradation ways So so there is. There is a a lot of potential there which is still unexplored in and that's where i see myself Working on in the next few years you adjust very quickly The do gravitational waves travel bid closest and new ashtrays and so if If they both are produced in In uneven they're expected to arrive on earth close to simultaneously. It depends on the timing of the production if the answer is yes the waves ending a knows are born at the same time which may not be exactly true because the physics that governs tation waves is different from the one that that governs neutrinos. So but the difference in timing would be the difference Accumulated that birth But but the two were were generated genetically the same time. They should arrive the same time. Just thinking this a systematic difference in the production time than guan lorries given early warning for the other. But that doesn't seem to do a case right. There could be cases where significant lag in the production of rotation way with respect to the production of the tree nose and one example is. We haven't touched on this before but let me just nation mergers so if we have if we have a merger for example we have maybe a merger of a neutron stars or black hole neutral star before the merger happens so when the two objects that kind of still approaching each other we should start observe serving ways and this is what this is what has been seen so Delight experiment observes these these nominal But if we have a merger After the merger has occurred and the two objects have become one than a. Dan could be the formation of of over an accretion disk and he secretion Trainers which we can which we can back so the neutrino We come After they initially asian waves and so relation as would be the alert for the neutrino. That does excellent. your this has been great as celia. thanks so much complaining pleasure. Okay thank you bye. This is a scientific sense. Podcast providing unscripted conversations with leading academics and researchers on variety of topics. If you like to sponsor this podcast please reach out to info. At scientific sense dot com.

Prof. Cecilia Lunardini, Professor of Physics at Arizona State University. - burst 01

Scientific Sense

59:38 min | 1 year ago

Prof. Cecilia Lunardini, Professor of Physics at Arizona State University. - burst 01

"Welcome to the site of accents. Podcast where we explore emerging ideas from signs policy economics and technology. My name is gill. Eappen we talk with woods leading academics and experts about the recent research or generally of topical interest scientific senses unstructured conversation with no agenda or preparation. Be color a wide variety of domains. Rare new discoveries are made and new technologies are developed on a daily basis the most interested in how new ideas affect society and help educate the world how to pursue rewarding and enjoyable life rooted in signs logic at inflammation v seek knowledge without boundaries or constraints and provide unaided content of conversations. Bit researchers leaders. Who low what they do. A companion blog to this podcast can be found at scientific sense. Dot com and displayed guest is available on over a dozen platforms and directly at scientific sense dot net. If you have suggestions for topics guests at other ideas please send up to info at scientific sense dot com and i can be reached at gil at eappen dot info. Yesterday's dini whose professional physics at amazon is taking versity. One of the primary of usage focus is new leaders. Welcome to see you thank you. Yeah thanks for doing this. So i know that you have done a lot of work on neutrinos. You have a few papers. That came out recently. And i want to talk to a twenty eighteen paper dalogue and my own neutrino signatures of primordial black holes. invite you say. These studied primordial black holes ph is as sources of massive neutrinos by hawking radiation under the hypothesis that black holes emit nuclear no bass item states be described quantitatively called the pbs evolution and lifetime is affected by the mass and flew munich dialect my own nature of neutrinos before we get the details celia I wanted to get some definitions of folks would know what black court saw a few episodes of black holes Here we're talking about. The pride won't imprac codes owes The these black holes are fall close to the big bang And then as caulking radiation Sort of The black hole evaporating So to speak and that That lady Imitating these particles called neutrinos. Right is that. Do i understand that correctly. Yes so so pry bhutia blackhaws before we get the neutrinos what is sort of the mechanism of formation their ho- exactly what they have formed sure We believe that Primordial hose could form in the early universe from density fluctuations so We know that any object could can possibly become a black hole if you compress it into a very very small volume so this same process could happen in the universe with Density fluctuations that could be a regional space where there is an over density compared to the surrounding and each of over the east coast past Then then it could get to the point of becoming a black hole This this The details of this process are beyond my expertise But this is fairly reasonable thing to expect and The diesel really small rate in the scheme of things. Yes so when i started to Learn about time or their black holes. I was amazed by how different in mass can be. They can be may be the massive wouldn't but they can also be The mass of Being or they can be Even even smaller so they can really be very very tiny. Yes oh so. That's really really small so this is sort of quantum fluctuations only universe Kind of getting Getting concentrated in vide- small areas But we believe those. Those primordial black holes emit nucleus. we Have to go back to stephen hawking for that stephen hawking wrote this seminal paper Which is about what we nowadays. Nowadays call hawking radiation so he demonstrated that any black hole regardless of what it is could be primordial black hole or a stellar. Nicole doesn't matter any black hole isn't really black because it meets radiations so radiation particles And the the process that we call evaporation so Because a black holes fundamentally gravity objects they would meet any particle that couples to raggedy including trees so It's the moment you have a black hole you do. Have hawking radiation and neutrinos are just that are expected. Part of hawking radiation. You're so caulking radiation so that that happens to every black hole even the even the supermassive ones right so i it said gentle phenomenon And so going to neutrinos now Don't typically thing neutrino site Caltrans and electrons are really well known. neutrinos are particles. Dad don't interact with The matter Espionage don't interact much with matters. We don't really see them. They don't really see them. And and so it's difficult to measure that's right and so so this could you give a. What does the history of neutrino vendor we. I understand such things existed. Let's see We go back to the twentieth century and the story goes That the father of neutrino sees Warfare he. He made the hypotheses of a new particle existing as a way to explain Some strange behavior of neutrinos produced by by nuclear decay so It's it's a long story but Let me just say that For a long time. Neutrinos who just the hypotheses and then around the mead of this twentieth century They would actually officer so we started to Know that this particles existed and But that was pretty much heat. So we didn't know much about the properties And one of these properties the mass which we still don't know i'm easy after all these decades but we still don't know if neutrinos have something like a magnetic went for example And something that we didn't learn until much later on is the fact. That neutrinos oscillate. That's that that sounds. That's something that we that were somehow established Turn of the sanctuary around the around the year. Two thousand really after after decades of of testing with the solar neutrino selling trainers. So there are still there are still a number of no on your trainers. One of them is the mass one and the other one is the The nature of the neutrinos being the iraq particles or miranda particles we She's kind of a fundamental cost. So there are that. That's that's that's related to the fundamental nature of the neutrino as particle break. So so they do. They have a mass but masses small. Do they have a chunk. Neutrinos don't have charge so they are electrically neutral and that's Comedy the biggest reason for for them to be a so allusive as you were mentioning earlier on especially in the in early. Nineteen hundreds all the particle detectors so basically a electro-magnetic detectors they were looking for charge or Magnetic behavioral some sort. So neutrinos don't have that and so they They only have the weak interaction At that that we know wolf and gravity of course and so that's why they They escape detection so so easily because their interaction is very weak. Yeah so so. That's sort of the beauty of neutrinos right so because they don't interact V can go back digits of years. Simple hats Perhaps become pickup one on earth and it would have travelled that distance through all sorts of things but would not have affected wider rate right. Yes and so so the other phenomenon of neutrino is that you mentioned that they also late so are they're failures of tinos they go back and forth. Yes it's It's actually a fairly Easy to this cried kwan to sonam on We know that In quantum mechanics there is this Particles described by these function which is called the wave function. And so the neutrinos could be on. Neutrino could be born as a say an extra and then it's quanta way function would evolve over time in a way that after sometime. The wave function is no longer a purely electron neutrino way function. But the has a little bit or even law actually of a different flavor. It could be a new one or tau. So what we observe in the actors. Is this change of flavor and perhaps the most striking demonstration of this phenomenon is solemn. Neutrinos because we know that the sun produces an extra treatments and It doesn't produce a new on and talion trainers so But here on earth we do Have evidence that the solar neutrino flags that we receive has some You wanna talion. Trina in it and that can only be explained by sedation and Actually after this other neutrino data showed this phenomenon. This was also confirmed by a saint men made experiments so it's a fairly established phenomenon it and so that the flavors are Electron new on tall. Yes that's right and so. Did you understand the vendor made in the sun for example there they are made as electron Neutrinos and by the time they reached the earth day the Immunes dot. Yes yes Impart young. that's that's what happens so ease. It always the case that they get a manufactured so to speak as as electoral neutrinos always. It depends on where they are born. There are places where neutrino sutter born in or flavors. A so it's it's it really varies with With the type of environment We are talking about okay. Okay and so in the people you say ph is this primordial black holes. We talked about radiates right. Handed and left handed dutra knows in equal amounts so anybody right-handed unless the cleaners. Okay let me see so Yes you say. Indicates of dirac neutrinos. pba Left neutrinos in equal amounts possibly increasing deceptive number noon pheno species nest. Yes is that explainable. Yes so right handed than left handed. Neutrinos that may take why to explain what that exactly means me. Just say that It's related to the neutrino mass. So if you're truly knows didn't have a mass which we know they do but if they didn't have a mouse They would only exist as left handed particles which means that basically their spin is Is anti aligned with the momentum and but if they have mass and the iraq particles There could be another type of neutrino which is right handed. Which where the This being ease aligned with a mentor other than anti line and so If you are iraq these these two different species could exist and so instead of having one species of neutrino emitted left-handed one Indicators of a massless trina if we have not suv nutrients than you would have to species and so. The black hole radiate war energy compared to The case when neutrinos don't amass so when we started working on this paper i was interested in this phenomenon that A lot of the literature having to do with a developer. Evaporation of primordial black couls. Consider the neutrinos as massless about. Now we know that they are massive. And so i thought well Sixty speaking at primordial black hole could radiate more energy than previously thought. So i found that aspect interesting and then sees you mention the possibility to increase the effective number of species. That's related to what it was talking about. So then you the black hole would ra- gate more neutrino States or more neutrino Species to spe pseudo speak and then Would increase the number of neutrinos per cubic centimeter Data we observe today so I'm kind of glossing over a lot of these days. But basically cosmology gives us a measurement of this and effective which is called the effective number two species. And if you have this right. Handed neutrinos coming from the primordial black holes. This number could be higher than than expected. And so that would be may be a i way to tell that maybe there are more black holes in the universe yet. So so the hawking radiation essentially creation coming out of black holes Expected defined Expected that over a long period of time. Black holes radiate away lap. Later ray out the mass or information that didn't do it And so this. Radiation is hockey. Radio station is it is a new park. Or is it. Fundamentally composed of neutrinos hawking radiation is made of every particle that no of so A black hole. A camera gate Pretty much everything. Photons neutrinos throngs You loans It said cetera but There is the catch here. The fact that a black hole has a temperature which is another Big achievement of stephen hawking to end and others To that the black hole is thermo dynamical object and so Basically the bigger the black hole the lower the temperature so if the temperature is really low The black hole wouldn't be able to immed- Very massive particles because they are thermal energy would be sufficient for that so because masses energy Mc squared right so because massey's energy If a black hole has too low of a temperature It wouldn't have its quantum energy It's it's Wouldn't be enough to produce the mass off a particular particle for example a proton may be too heavy to be produced by a really low tanto black home so so the beaker. The black called the lower the temperature. Yes ed so. So then can expect the bigger black holes to have more of a neutrino content in radiation. Yes because The bigger black holes would as i said be able to radiate the heavy particles and so they would only be able to radiate away the low mass particles and so there could be black holes that only emit photons gravitons and Neutrinos do a of sort of the distribution of this primordial black holes Isn't you know sort of everywhere. What is what do we know about you. Know some of the distribution of bbc's you mean spatial distribution like where they are now. I'm wondering just like the easy would do sort of look at the early universe will find them everywhere Probably at the beginning they would be a more or less uniformly distributed Bug in the universe. Today they would probably be Behaving like the dark matter. Does they would Be part of galactic halos In other words they would be they would class gravitationally on large structures like a like a galaxy placido galaxy so these call still around They would they would behave like like the dark matter down. So they would be in in halo. Galaxies would have by. Now have april would would they not have disappear because it far it depends on the mass That they have when they are born so their if their mass is less than a certain value that trying to remember Basically yes they would have to By now they would have completely evaporate did their masters larger than they will take longer to evaporate and they could still be around So they roughly speaking the dividing line between a black hole. Steve being around today or not. I think it's something like ten to fifteen grams fiery recall correctly into fifteen clams though So this paper. Eusebio obtained the diffuse flux of right hill. Neutrinos from his idea and so so. So so the nikkei actually act to build these neutrinos. They'd be flying here do pbs specifically In principle that's a possibility we Considered that for certain Masses of these black holes and certain density of this black holes the flux of neutrinos that they generate over time could be fairly large and so we could Detect these neutrinos If we had a very Power who attacked so Now life is never ideally in the sense that a real Ut detector have substantive issues like ground And so on. So at the end of the people we conclude that impact is giving given the limitations that current nutrient doctors have It may not really be possible to detect neutrinos trump mortgage black holes but people. That's a possibility and that alone is interesting. Yeah because they suggestion that this primordial black holes could be as as you mentioned could be part of the dark matter that yes to seeking. Is that still About us that has been. There has been a debate on these Kind of going back and forth in the scientific community The latest i heard is that Black whose could be part of the dark matter. Maybe even a large part but probably not they entire dark matter so a one hundred percent primordial Battery is a bit difficult to justify the day. experimental bowels that we already have constrained so various types but there could be scenarios where maybe a fraction of the dark matter. He's made of primordial black holes. I wanted to go into a ended up paper in twenty twenty supernova neutrinos directional sensitivity and prospects for dissertation here the export potential of current and future liquid cinta league neutrino detectors. I decade old town. Mass a localize a super a supernova neutrino signal into sky in douglas was feeding the core collapse nearby star tens to hundreds of english Coated and don't be constructed policy in the detector can be used to estimate a direction to the star so so this is now neutrinos from supernova and You so so we. We have Idea here that before this opened on what happens. If please open over a time period it is creating neutrinos that could pick up and and potentially get ready to see the super bowl. Yes that's what excites me The fact that Think about bitter jews. Beetlejuice is the most famous nearby star. That could go supernova anytime and we don't know when that's going to happen and If it wasn't for these neutrinos that our paper is about we will know until the style literally Collapses and and then soon after becomes superman but in this paper we we Show that before the star collapses which is the beginning of the supernova process We can detect these. These neutrinos That are used at that at that stage and so increase the pool we could know that You know tomorrow. These days beetlejuice exploding and that that would be quite exciting. Yeah it's beetlejuice is is red joy and reasonably close to was really big star. I can remember Cecilia there was some suggestion that It could go supernova within something one hundred fifty thousand years which is obliquely in cosmic time so it is getting ready to go to Supernova right yes. I am not you formed about exactly the number of years give or take but it's it's ready it's ready. It could be any time and any time any time for an astronomer muse anytime the next thousand soviet so we should. We should hold their breath. But it's ready could be tomorrow. It could be in a hundred years could supernova. I know that this is not part of the paper but could the beetlejuice supernova avenue adverse effect on north really know a supernova is very very spectacular event. it's it's a star that collapses so it implodes i and that explodes and then when he explodes It's very bright. In the case of bitter jews we could. We could see by naked-eye shore but in terms of A fact of each radiation and neutrinos in light on on us and on our daily activities. It wouldn't it. Wouldn't affect them in any way so it's a save Show to just enjoy without any worry. Great answer so you talking about supernova neutrinos so so can be actually detect neutrinos from supernova. What different from what we talked about in the previous people Different from pbs I'm not sure. Can you repeat yes. So the new teen emanating from a supernova different from the Neutrinos of expectancy from a primordial black hole. Yes the the different In many ways disney trails have higher energies. So it's much much easier to attack them and indicates will beat the jews. We would detect thousands or even more of dan millions. Probably of them Indiana so different in the way they are born because in our primordial black hole ordinary black hole The processes volcanoes the asian. Which which is a gravity phenomenon in a supernova. You're born out of the very hot and dense environment That the that that the star as after it has collapsed so star collapsing on its own way to become very dense and so In this very dense in hot environment nuclear processes take place that produce these nutrients. So i guess the main difference is that indicates supernova it's most nuclear phenomenon and in the call is really fundamentally a gravitational sonam. Okay you discover technique in this paper and you saved sin principle possible unique the identify the progenitor star so So the existing technology and ideas discussed in the paper viki see teacup a neutrino decode. Identify valid came from or what direction thing from embed you can go back and look at the in that direction if he find to supernova then you could say that the supernova that created in-principle Yes let me. Just say that There are situations and this is not one of them but there are situations where if you have one neutrino you can point to the pointing the sky. What came from in these case. It's a little more complicated. Because what really gives us. The information is the statistical distribution of these nutrients so we are talking about may be the tax in hundred a hundred Gable take from say be for example and What did detector really observe is not the neutrino is kind of a vector which is related to the products of these neutrinos so this neutrino sues interacts with the interact with the detector. And then out of this interaction you have a positive on the new thrown and those can be observed and you can you can create a factory using these two and then and then these rector will have a certain orientation but each each neutrino coming will give you a differently oriented vector but statistically if you look at the distribution of these factors you you can tell you can you can do for with a certain of course The direction of the neutrinos because these vectors are not uniformly distributed they are they have a non uniform distribution of the direction. And so using this information we can we can define a regional the sky where The new three could come from so we can. We cannot now down to a point but we can now down to maybe a cone of a few tens of degrees Width and then we look in that cone and see what stars that com and maybe be juicy one of them. Yeah so As you say you if you see a few Neutrinos Statistics bution of those will give us some some probability That it is in in some region of the sky. And then you say the paper You can then that if it is happening please open nola. You learnt other observational. Modalities multi messagero rations Invisible in radio and other other types of observations Do actually pick up more data so this is almost like a early alert system If it is in place right yes i would call it a very early I learned to because it's we're talking about maybe our worse or insert very fortunate cases. We are even talking about maybe day Before the assad goes supernova and. so that's enough time to plan for for it so a something that fascinated me When i heard about this from a from a an experimentalist is that there is a human factor which was not aware of but The factories so if you have come up with thirty minutes to plan for watching supernova this may not be enough because it just takes stein to make phone calls and get a hold of people and and decide what to do. Come to a consensus in that. I saw in addition to technical things. Like okay have to maybe turn your telescope Direction which takes time. But i i was really fascinated by the human factor. Those things that if you had style we'd be you can kind of gathered. Relevant people decide something but if you have thirty minutes or or or minutes maybe not so. Yeah yeah i wondered. If such a earlier system is in place Perhaps could be something programmatic. Crises is picking up And you have some you know. Maybe some ai techniques or something like that that identifies the region and it goes. Programmatic returned the telescopes look. Yes yes exactly so. There could be a protocol in place For that so e if a telescope was suitable for observing a nearby supernova which which is not always the case than than now that we showed that it's possible to know beforehand if a star is going to go supernova then there could be some sort of protocol in place already so that when the alert comes which is we can just activated the protocol and oriented telescope. maybe automatically will in some sort of Organized way yeah as you say if you remove humans from the process it becomes not better there is actually already working this direction It's called this new two point. Oh a network which has to do with Exactly these using neutrinos as alert for the astronomy community and That has to do with exactly a creating alerts and also creating protocols for how to react to an alert rate. I want to end the people that just came out. it concordant scenario for the observation of neutrino from the tidal disruption. Even eight hundred twenty nine hundred ninety s t You say be induced at phenomenology concordance canadia with the logistic jet of for the title disruption event Between ninety s jesmyn proposes a source of the astrophysical neutrino event. Ice cube So the title disruption even this is star getting cooler into a black hole getting Getting sucked in rate is that the is that even up to the match yes This is something that we We had about be in in popular science stalks What what happens if you get too close to black hole and It's kind of scary. So the answer is you would be ripped apart because your feet will be pulled in with a strong force than your head and these. This is what happens to two statehouse. Use the star gas to close than by guests Ripped the park. Which is what the tied is option means and so instead of a star Rotating around a black hole we just have a stellar stellar That dr intially. I created by the black hole and so This is something that The happy neighbor cops serve did so so we have. This does happen this particularly Eighty twenty nine hundred ninety s and Bequeath actually see a new cleaners from that particular even so tightness. Deduction events are fairly well established phenomenon in astronomy. We have many of them served They they are Fairly a common plays events But what's special about this particular one. Eighty two thousand nineteen years. G is that We could let's say It could have Produced on neutrino that was detected a ice cube so eighty twenty nine hundred ninety s. She is the first either direction event. For which is coincident. Neutrinos detected a dice. Cube in queens. This coincidence is likely to be accidental. So on approachability estimate tells us that these coins. This is pretty causal not accident so eighty twenty nine hundred ninety. The g could be the parent of this neutrino. And that's that's that's a i. That's very interesting. Yes i skew. is a is a big ice cube in the in. The south is I'm not sure it's exactly cuba. But it's it's the biggest block of is which has been Eastern With values Small detectors So it's it's an array of swarner detectors but yeah it's basically a big block of ice which has been transformed into a detective and so so the idea that this high energy neutrinos from what they were System montemar even that happened Out there this high energy neutrinos passing through that ice q. believe some telltale signs All of that happening and yuxi picked up Then began back Just like you were talking about the previous creeper begin. Please back to a region so this is one of those cases where you can tell from a single neutrino of course the with with a narrower where you can tell the point in the sky where three neutrino kate from. It's doable with one single neutrino because this high energy neutrinos when they enter the is They produce ca a shower so they kind of illuminate. They you me nate. The is but the do it in a way which is very much Beat so and then and then the direction of the the direction of bigotry knows. We have a pretty good accuracy often. How often could be a pickup something like that. Do we have an estimate of how often that would happen. Meaning ice cube detects something like this. Every year ice cube the tax Of the order of ten high-energy neutrinos froth outside our galaxy. Tadesse the number for the entire crop of neutrinos that ice cube has It went we talk about tidal disruption events in the specific these are fairly rare phenomena and so they estimated that maybe a few times so percent of the entire neutrino flux the thais cubeys of serving could be from tidal disruption events. Not much more than that. So we are talking about less than half of the total flats being to tell this option events okay and so the tug disruption burned as as you mentioned It starts getting clipped applaud and pulled back into a into a a black hole but this ten percent. Do they have to be these braces as they call it. The things that have a jet that is sort of lying towards us. Is that it necessarily condition for these types of high energy neutrinos. It's it's a plausible scenario Let me just say that. There is an important difference between blazers in tidal disruption events. In the fact that the ablaze is something that has a jet. She's always on so the jets kinda kerman feature of of these particular galaxy but the title is adoption. Event is transient events. Saw dotcoms creates the accretion. This accretion of the star of the black hole produces flair is flair can last year or two but then it would just fade away so There could be jet and in fact in our paper we present where there is a jet so they partisans the user chat But if there is a jet in tiger disruption event. That's a transient suggested. That's born when This starts to create the stellar debris. And then it's on for months or years and then and then shuts off and it has two point in our direction as you as you mentioned because otherwise we would. We would see the trains your so this high energy neutrinos sillier how. How many orders of magnitude are we talking about coming to the one set you pick up. Let's say from the sun I'm not sure about the question. Can you maybe rephrase yet. So when you say this high energy neutrinos that is coming from let's say a tidal disruption events or something like that How much comedy orders of magnitude more energy Outdoors come to you. Know the ones that might be created the sun a lot menu of this magnitude so It is a big difference. So the sun produces new three meals. over a wide range of energies Higher energy neutrinos from the sun reach energies of the order of ten am pt and mega awards and for the ice cream. Neutrinos we are talking about one hundred of the older one hundred t. v. or even thousand teams. Which would be p so. Let's say maybe eighty tortoise magnitude finding the mass rife or okay and so this e. v. measure it is actually measuring the mass of the neutrino of newfield. Now these these neutrinos are have such a Such high energy that basically It's impossible to know their mass Because because as i said massey's energy so they talk energy of neutrino Detected is to be so high that that percentage view to its mass east so tiny that this practice mutual so i was wondering if we know the energy couldn't be sort of back computer to save the mass is or it doesn't follow The reasoning is a bit different and The way to sink about this is perhaps they let me see the formula for energy particle Which used the rest energy Applause the kinetic energy and So connecticut is so high that he thought the overwhelms direct energy. So it's it's and of course every time you measure the energy when three no. There is a narrow associated with the measurement so You we can't really we can't really tell what What led the boss of the detroit news but both roughtly this. This appears to be sort of an early warning system for many many things right topped the supernova the in the title disruption events producing heightened plano's So this could be sort of inundated with a monkey message. Observations protocols as you mentioned that gives us a higher success. Wait suspect. I would think certainly nominated be one right That's the power of multi messenger astronomy the integration of different signals coming from Photos tree knows navigation waves Causing me craze and Danger plays very powerful emmanuel cases and maybe supernova case is the most striking Xenos come first. But that's not always the case So in the indicates of tidal disruption events Did you know that was observed. Came about five months later than the initial dhammika looser version of the tidal disruption events so It's if it can go both ways. neutrinos can be early alert or they only alert could be for example a radio salvation or or an x-ray use ovation and then and then the neutrino attacked or could Focus a surge in that direction as see what they find which which has actually been done ice cube sometimes. Does these these archival. Search this on the basis of others from From for example x ray or gamma ray surveys interested. Exciting eighty that said a lot to be owned It seems It seems like these till don't know all the production mechanisms for neutrinos but if we have robust with to pick them up on than we can place them back and and talk asking questions What might be there definitely So yes so. People celia the next five years Wanted the aid is that you believe Be will make a significant crocus in this Innovative neutrinos then two different areas. That a very promising One is Broadly speaking Manmade nutrients so there is. There is a big push especially hitting the united states to build Create very powerful beams of trainings and then these beams are manmade. So we know that very well. We know that energy we know the composition and we can use them to learn about The properties of treatments and then That other men bead neutrino experiments where Scientists look for the between months so that's also very promising In something i really. I really excited about that. That may be a furious novel with noble the neutrino mass us from these very high position laboratory experience. Then there is the whole Topic of neutrinos as part of the mouth of mike messenger astronomy and in that area. I think what was was to look forward. To among other scenes is the interplay gravitational waves shock waves. You still Somehow a science of its own into a large extent but there are so many possible connections. We've neutrinos tidal disruption adoption events should produce reputation ways so baranov shoot us gradation ways So so there is. There is a a lot of potential there which is still unexplored in and that's where i see myself Working on in the next few years you adjust very quickly The do gravitational waves travel bid closest and new ashtrays and so if If they both are produced in In uneven they're expected to arrive on earth close to simultaneously. It depends on the timing of the production if the answer is yes the waves ending a knows are born at the same time which may not be exactly true because the physics that governs tation waves is different from the one that that governs neutrinos. So but the difference in timing would be the difference Accumulated that birth But but the two were were generated genetically the same time. They should arrive the same time. Just thinking this a systematic difference in the production time than guan lorries given early warning for the other. But that doesn't seem to do a case right. There could be cases where significant lag in the production of rotation way with respect to the production of the tree nose and one example is. We haven't touched on this before but let me just nation mergers so if we have if we have a merger for example we have maybe a merger of a neutron stars or black hole neutral star before the merger happens so when the two objects that kind of still approaching each other we should start observe serving ways and this is what this is what has been seen so Delight experiment observes these these nominal But if we have a merger After the merger has occurred and the two objects have become one than a. Dan could be the formation of of over an accretion disk and he secretion Trainers which we can which we can back so the neutrino We come After they initially asian waves and so relation as would be the alert for the neutrino. That does excellent. your this has been great as celia. thanks so much complaining pleasure. Okay thank you bye. This is a scientific sense. Podcast providing unscripted conversations with leading academics and researchers on variety of topics. If you like to sponsor this podcast please reach out to info. At scientific sense dot com.

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"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

03:31 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Neutrinos detected a dice. Cube in queens. This coincidence is likely to be accidental. So on approachability estimate tells us that these coins. This is pretty causal not accident so eighty twenty nine hundred ninety. The g could be the parent of this neutrino. And that's that's that's a i. That's very interesting. Yes i skew. is a is a big ice cube in the in. The south is I'm not sure it's exactly cuba. But it's it's the biggest block of is which has been Eastern With values Small detectors So it's it's an array of swarner detectors but yeah it's basically a big block of ice which has been transformed into a detective and so so the idea that this high energy neutrinos from what they were System montemar even that happened Out there this high energy neutrinos passing through that ice q. believe some telltale signs All of that happening and yuxi picked up Then began back Just like you were talking about the previous creeper begin. Please back to a region so this is one of those cases where you can tell from a single neutrino of course the with with a narrower where you can tell the point in the sky where three neutrino kate from. It's doable with one single neutrino because this high energy neutrinos when they enter the is They produce ca a shower so they kind of illuminate. They you me nate. The is but the do it in a way which is very much Beat so and then and then the direction of the the direction of bigotry knows. We have a pretty good accuracy often. How often could be a pickup something like that. Do we have an estimate of how often that would happen. Meaning ice cube detects something like this. Every year ice cube the tax Of the order of ten high-energy neutrinos froth outside our galaxy. Tadesse the number for the entire crop of neutrinos that ice cube has It went we talk about tidal disruption events in the specific these are fairly rare phenomena and so they estimated that maybe a few times so percent of the entire neutrino flux the thais cubeys of serving could be from tidal disruption events. Not much more than that. So we are talking about.

eighty twenty nine hundred nin one single neutrino cuba one of those cases ten high-energy neutrinos single neutrino neutrino three
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

05:51 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Identify valid came from or what direction thing from embed you can go back and look at the in that direction if he find to supernova then you could say that the supernova that created in-principle Yes let me. Just say that There are situations and this is not one of them but there are situations where if you have one neutrino you can point to the pointing the sky. What came from in these case. It's a little more complicated. Because what really gives us. The information is the statistical distribution of these nutrients so we are talking about may be the tax in hundred a hundred Gable take from say be for example and What did detector really observe is not the neutrino is kind of a vector which is related to the products of these neutrinos so this neutrino sues interacts with the interact with the detector. And then out of this interaction you have a positive on the new thrown and those can be observed and you can you can create a factory using these two and then and then these rector will have a certain orientation but each each neutrino coming will give you a differently oriented vector but statistically if you look at the distribution of these factors you you can tell you can you can do for with a certain of course The direction of the neutrinos because these vectors are not uniformly distributed they are they have a non uniform distribution of the direction. And so using this information we can we can define a regional the sky where The new three could come from so we can. We cannot now down to a point but we can now down to maybe a cone of a few tens of degrees Width and then we look in that cone and see what stars that com and maybe be juicy one of them. Yeah so As you say you if you see a few Neutrinos Statistics bution of those will give us some some probability That it is in in some region of the sky. And then you say the paper You can then that if it is happening please open nola. You learnt other observational. Modalities multi messagero.

one two each hundred a hundred one neutrino tens of degrees three them
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

03:31 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Whose could be part of the dark matter. Maybe even a large part but probably not they entire dark matter so a one hundred percent primordial Battery is a bit difficult to justify the day. experimental bowels that we already have constrained so various types but there could be scenarios where maybe a fraction of the dark matter. He's made of primordial black holes. I wanted to go into a ended up paper in twenty twenty supernova neutrinos directional sensitivity and prospects for dissertation here the export potential of current and future liquid cinta league neutrino detectors. I decade old town. Mass a localize a super a supernova neutrino signal into sky in douglas was feeding the core collapse nearby star tens to hundreds of english Coated and don't be constructed policy in the detector can be used to estimate a direction to the star so so this is now neutrinos from supernova and You so so we. We have Idea here that before this opened on what happens. If please open over a time period it is creating neutrinos that could pick up and and potentially get ready to see the super bowl. Yes that's what excites me The fact that Think about bitter jews. Beetlejuice is the most famous nearby star. That could go supernova anytime and we don't know when that's going to happen and If it wasn't for these neutrinos that our paper is about we will know until the style literally Collapses and and then soon after becomes superman but in this paper we we Show that before the star collapses which is the beginning of the supernova process We can detect these. These neutrinos That are used at that at that stage and so increase the pool we could know that You know tomorrow. These days beetlejuice exploding and that that would be quite exciting. Yeah it's beetlejuice is is red joy and reasonably close to was really big star. I can remember Cecilia there was some suggestion that It could go supernova within something one hundred fifty thousand years which is obliquely in cosmic time so it is getting ready to go to Supernova right yes. I am not you formed about exactly the number of years give or take but.

tomorrow Cecilia one hundred percent twenty twenty hundreds one hundred fifty thousand yea Supernova douglas supernova english tens
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

05:34 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Work attraction and because there's so much energy they're flying apart from each other but these di quirks or anti dyke works themselves. Carry a net color and so by the confinement property. We've been talking about. They can't fly off three particles. They're gonna get stuck what they're gonna do is they're gonna eat up. All the kinetic energy that occurred in their production in turn it into internet into the potential energy of the greenfield that holds them together. And and that way you end up with an stinted object which nevertheless all the parts of it are all still strongly bound together and that's the essence of what's called this dynamical dyke or picture then once you now that then you have to figure out. Okay well how would i actually described that mathematically what kinds of interactions with involved. How can i predict things. You turn that idea of dynamical ticor picture into a dynamical die quirk model so that was my contribution to this field. Image fascinating I don't quite understand it richard. So if i take something that has to qualify to anti kwok's you could you couldn't vision. A coronavirus cut an state. But what you're saying is said you could also ambition Do sort of states combined together and neither are reading right right so overall it takes the whole system all four or five quirks in order for it to be colorless but it has these two pieces to causing particles. They're called the called die. Quirks that are flying apart from each other they carry a colored charts himself so they can't fly off forever but so they're stuck so the dike work is stuck. You know in terms of having to stay in the same hedren to the anti decor but they could get some distance apart from each other before they get stuck so you end up with an extended. Object a dyke work at one in an antic- work at the other but all the pieces the to quirks of the to anti all still feeling strong interactions amongst themselves. So the just counting. The clogs is not sufficient information..

two pieces richard four five quirks three each
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

03:55 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"With or five or six or seven in the answer is yes absolutely you. Can you know it's just a matter of. Can you actually make something like that in an experiment and the odd thing about it is two decades before people were sure that they actually had done that is an entity problem because ultimately that appears to be a preference for the three quark combination right. Is that sort of the lowest energy needs to be the case and in fact you were you were talking before about heavy courts. Resist light forks. It seems to be much easier to find the exotic particles once one or more of your works inside of the hand-drawn is heavy so it seemed. They tend to stand out more when you when you only rely on making things out of light works. There are so many ways of making expectations of that. When you try to catalogue them that just have this dense. Orest of of excited had drugs. You don't know which ones are insomnia. Which ones are or becomes very tricky to sort them out but once you get up to the heavier corks sinking know how to figure out which particles which conventional articles should exist. Then you can say wait a second. I got one to a particles to fit the conventional steam. I've got an electric charge. It doesn't fit the conventional ski. Or i've got some other attributes that doesn't fit the conventional steam. That's when you say. Maybe i'm looking at an exotic hand-drawn yet so i'm trying to get a very superficial understanding of this week so i understanding judy lead that the the massive approach on a typical on the up and down quarks in them is largely coming from the energy inside. And then you go to this More exotic clogs like castrucci. Chomped taupin the bottom. There's less energy than wore masks in the particle itself. Sounds like a substitution. It's not the saying that the amount of energy in the glue on field it's holding together is the same whether you're talking about a light had drunk or a heavy address. The difference is the difference is in a light had drunk. It's like having these flies ever stuck in in in this in this honey or amber and that that hunter ambers making up most of the bulk of thing whereas if you have a headache entrance the same amount of honey or amber. But now you've got bowling. Ball's stuck in it and so it becomes easier to find out. What are those bowling. Ball's doing so you see the difference. It's like you know with with the with the original case where it's just fly stuck in the amber. It's very hard to figure out if you're looking at something where it's just the simplest possible combination or or they're doing some funky additional citation that you can't quite figure out whereas if his bowling balls that it's it tends to be much easier to figure out what their configuration is. Okay so this exotic particles that david be much heavier than that Definitely in fact the first exotic particle Discovered back in. Two thousand three is called the x. Thirty eight seventy two in that number. Thirty eight seventy two refers to its mass which happens to be about four times. The approach Trump.

Trump six five seven first one Two thousand three Thirty eight seventy two about four times this week three quark combination two decades second
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

03:29 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"So this was been crew. That was done. That was dying. What was very late. Nineteen sixties so the. It's the history. Was that there. Were these two caltech physics professors marie gilman richard feynman and five course assignment of what five diagrams which. I'm sure everyone's seen at some point in their life. Murray elman was the guy came up with the idea of the work model and feinman was always very critical of this instead. How should i treat it if you're telling me that there's these sub structure pieces inside of protons and neutrons can't actually pull one out of it and so he came up with an idea that well if you if you scatter if you hit the protons neutrons with being particles you might be able to prove the existence of substructure through looking at what the ejecta looks like so he was on inspire. These ideas obviously have alexi. Then in the sixties behalf slurpy very lab semi lab came roaring. And i believe the eighties. I mean how did they could. It could run an experiment. A debt in the sixties basically basically the history is that after the end of world war two the us government is so grateful to nuclear scientists for the manhattan project that ward energy into into them being able to do basic research. That's win big science really took off in the sense of being able to develop a accelerator facilities in almost instantly as soon as these things turned on people started finding more and more and more and more new particles so so yeah there were there were experiments that were being done. All over the us Up through the tunnel say these deepened. Elastic scattering experiments and as time went on as the experience required reiter amounts of energy order to probe deeper to probe at higher energy levels in higher mass levels. They became more expensive and it became necessary for a individual universities that originally had their own machines to to work together to form consortium to develop bigger machines so that they could do more involve experiments and so so going back to the protons again so these squawks inside inside the proton. They're exchanging grew. On's you said so. He eats a bit like is cutting term to call it the a on some sort of plasma in vegeta- the clogs swimming. It's not unreasonable to call it that. There actually is a technical term quirk luanne plasma that is associated with where you have a soup of corpse glue on but they're not necessarily associated with any single address Some there are experiments that people do to create Blonde plasmas study the properties of this sort of generalized strongly interacting matter that has a greater extent than just the inside of a single try. But but it's not unreasonable..

marie gilman Murray elman richard feynman eighties sixties Nineteen sixties feinman world war two five course five diagrams end of two manhattan single single address one
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

01:35 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Welcome to the site of accents. Podcast where we.

Redefining Africa's Smart City Narrative

Future Cities Africa

01:50 min | 1 year ago

Redefining Africa's Smart City Narrative

"Is my guest today on fiji cities. Africa is research at the urban real estate research. Unit at the university of cape town look has particular interest in urban innovation and sustainability in african cities. Welcome give us a quick tour of your background and some much highlights. I don thanks for having me on your show as you said. I research at unit. I'm also just over a phd arizona state university in the us and it's in innovation and global development and my background is in other management and stint The last couple of years might research activities have largely been sainted around cities in africa. And how they harnessing technology is development. So if your recent work in africa with regards to cities on technology to support him development and city government objectives. What are some specific examples. That stand out to you and what else. Some of the key lessons learned this this. This quite varied application of the smarts the concept across the continent. I think by and large. It's a has primarily been around smart satellite cities which is a growing phenomenon across african cities. Basically developing smart technologically advanced cities on griffin next to existing cities. So if you look at he could land on this technology city and toxicity in kenya. Nairobi would also the different typologies. Such as what we say cape town which is a more kind of embedded approach of basically using technology to said the marlboro and comprehensive objectives and at nairobi. During this

Urban Real Estate Research University Of Cape Town Fiji Arizona State University Africa United States Griffin Nairobi Kenya Cape Town
Grammys to partner with Berklee, ASU for study on women in the music industry

Press Play with Madeleine Brand

01:04 min | 1 year ago

Grammys to partner with Berklee, ASU for study on women in the music industry

"The Grammys say they're teaming up with Arizona State University and the Berklee College of Music in Boston for a study. Looking at women's involvement in the music industry is Kcrw's Terry Glacier reports. The announcement coincides with International Women's Day and comes a week before this Sunday's Grammy Awards. The Recording Academy's taking some heat in recent years for nominating and honoring more men than women for Grammys, and that's the case yet again this year. The academy reports that out of the 853 nominees who are up for awards less than a quarter, 23% identify his women. Part of that is because the Grammys honor not just performers, but also technical jobs like producers and engineers, which are predominantly held by men in 2019, the recording academy kicked off in an initiative called Women in the Mix. Encouraging musicians and record labels to consider at least two female candidates every time they hire producer engineer the academy says progress is slow going so the goal. The new study is to get a baseline on women's involvement in the music business and helped develop the next generation of women in the industry.

Terry Glacier Berklee College Of Music Arizona State University Recording Academy Grammys Honor Grammy Awards Grammys Boston
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

05:44 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"That we tend to operate are superconducting detector. Arrays the ones that we use on the balloon we operate those and around two hundred to three hundred million kelvin. And that and that's a lot cheaper and it requires. You can have one of these in your home. You can actually now plug into the wall and get down to two hundred fifty million kelvin in your home but if fifteen million kelvin is probably a little bit too much power too big for you to have in their in their home so so there's two ways that it could be better. It's early dates for this technology. We just we just admitted. This paper was published in applied superconductivity. But but who knows. Maybe this is the right way to go yet. it's exciting. I don't know much about this. So these q. Beds in operation at this on an entangled state the issue is that you can't really keep them in A stable states is that right. Yes so what you wanna do to to do your calculations you wanna you wanna keep your your your cubans as for as long as possible in a in a state that is is is not Say collapsed or or inter interfered with by the environment and usually the environment means Any kind of Thermal disturbance so You can you. Can you can think of a quantum system as as being this like a pure kind of System that could be entangled and you could. Have you know multiple states existing simultaneously. I guess like in. Show dinger's cat. You know your cat being alive at time. Although that's i think a bit of a stretch but that at some point the the rest of the environment the rest of the universe surrounding it destroys that Coherence is called. So what you want is you. Don't want to have coherence. And so the higher the frequency that you're cuban operates less sensitive. It is to deco from the environment. Which is why atomic cubits so there are certain types of cubans that work with with optical light and these can work at room temperature because Because the the thermal radiation you know from the room is is is much lower energy say than the the energy of the the cuban but superconducting cubits obviously have to work cold enough that your material superconducting but But they don't have to work at the frequencies in the energies that that they're using You know right now and so This is a design and a proposal to To make you bits that work at at these higher frequencies yeah. Yeah it's exciting so in conclusion. Fill it it. Seems like you have a foundational technology. superconducting kinetic intact And using it instrumentation possible uses in quantum computing subpoenaed forward fifa news. You see other applications for this platform.

fifteen million two ways two hundred fifty million kelv three hundred million kelvin one around two hundred fifa cubans kelvin
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

04:05 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Flight is Between sort of ten and ten twenty or thirty days there are also ultra long. Duration balloon fights that nasa has been developing in has launched a few and these are launch not from artika but From other places like new zealand and those can stay up for up to a hundred days and that's what we're targeting for next Proposal is a slightly longer flight with a goal of like more like thirty days so that that's the plenty i remember i feel longtime ago. I don't know what the status of this use either. And i think it was google Balloon internet. i don't. I don't know what happened. Yeah no no apps mean and even there was a. There was a lab a an office here in arizona because a student of mine i think went to work there or interview there for for a google alpha alpha project about four millimeter wave internet. So they were going to have a balloons you know flying and and then have them transmit receive millimeter waves and use that as a internet method. And i think they gave up on so so if take a quick break come back. We'll talk about the ranks mission as well as your most recent paper on superconducting kennedy conductors cubits for quantum computing. Right sounds. Good thank you. This is a scientific sense. Podcast providing unscripted conversations bit leading academics and researchers on a variety of topics. If you'd like to sponsor this podcast please reach out to info at scientific sense. Dot com soviet-backed outfield We were talking about the kite. Natick inductions detectors that you design for vegas missions. Deductible told tag We talked about last Decided the mission that you are involved in a fear spirits this is as nia infrared spectral photo metric all skies So so much speech. X yes is is a bit of a different kind of instrument from the ones that We've been talking about because it's It's it's at a different wavelength range. It's near infrared. it doesn't use. Superconducting detectors uses semiconductor detectors. But what it has in common i guess. With some of the other experiments i work on. Is that one of the main goals of spheriks is to make measurements. That will really try. And tell us about the origin and evolution of the universe so understand a little bit more about fundamental parameters in In our model of cosmology so the way that it does this and And send in the title or in the name of the experiment. It's a it's an all sky survey so it's a small satellite actually. It's a very small telescope. And it's amazing what you can do with small telescopes. It's a twenty centimeter diameter telescope. But what it has is. It's covering the entire. Sky has a very very wide field of view and actually another. It's not that unlike a another telescope.

arizona twenty centimeter ten new zealand thirty days nasa google up to a hundred days four millimeter twenty one of the main goals Dot com artika
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

04:47 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"Mike duties purposive. Philip mouse calls who has joined appointment at arizona state university in the school of earth and space exploration and the department of physics his back now distant primarily experimental cosmology in particular deciding a good thing new types of instruments for measuring signals from the most distant objects in the numbers buckle phil. Thank you nice to be here. Thanks doing this. I want to start with. What if your people from twenty eighteen Billy bates grave. Polite to using kinetic inductions detectors for told tech. I don't know if that's pronounce that day. And beyond so before we get the details of this. What exactly is protected. Call that day. Yes sure yeah. Toll tech is. It's the name it's named after a you know a group of the native group of in mexico and it's named that because The the the what it is is it's a camera at millimeter wavelengths that we have been building for a telescope in mexico which is called the large millimeter wave telescope or l. m. t. or in in mexico. It's the grand telescope Metric or cake day at and It's it's it's the mexico has actually a really strong background. Historically in astronomy like from the Early civilization and this telescope project which was started a decade ago. Maybe actually more. Like twenty years ago was still i think. The largest scientific project in mexico was building the telescope which is a fifty meter diameter telescope on top of sierra negra which is fifteen thousand foot mountain in the middle of mexico and so totake is is a camera that we're building using the latest superconducting technology or to go onto that telescope and make measurements location-wise Obviously will get into people but Mexico because it's a near the topics evident It has elation so what what is of the primary capital states Authentication yeah well. The primary characteristics are Allocation you know for a astronomy. And i know you've had other people on who also work as i do with telescopes and other places like chile or hawaii so so basically what you want. Is you want to be as you know. As high as possible to be above the atmospheric water vapor and that's the main The main component of the atmosphere that That absorbs millimeter. Wave light so So mexico it turns out has a fairly high mountains including pico. Or it's about or. I think it's called seat loyalty pedal which is right next to serra negra mountain which and that. One is the tallest mountain in central america. It's a nineteen thousand feet or so almost and so the mountain that it's on fifteen thousand feet. So that's that's what you want. Also it's it's a good latitude so it's nineteen degrees north latitude. Which is the same pretty much the same latitude as hawaiian. It gives you good access to most of the sky. So if you're too far north you can only see the northern stars two thousand southern stars so Good good position to and The millimeter size Vive linked what this target. What what sort of the primary target. Yeah so there's there's a couple but millimeter wavelengths so it's long a thousand times longer wavelength than the light that you see with your eye the optical which is just short just smaller than a micron wavelength and and so what we're looking at is Light from either from the early universe leftover from from from the early universe which has peaks at wavelengths around one millimetre. So that's one of the things we can look at and then the other main sources of emission or might at millimeter wavelengths are on gas and dust in the universe mainly in galaxies our own galaxy. So where where..

hawaii chile Mike fifteen thousand feet Philip mouse mexico sierra negra nineteen thousand feet fifteen thousand foot Mexico serra negra mountain twenty years ago central america a decade ago one fifty meter diameter twenty eighteen pico nineteen degrees north around one millimetre
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

04:33 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"I dunno a song wave. As an example you create a slide compression of the air that compression pants to go away locally expense and as a result of the creates compression in the nearby region of space so then the next regional space is trying to decompress and by decompressing as it happens it compresses the next book of the year. And that's essentially how the is propagating. You have sort of Forces acting in such a way that something is increasing decreasing in this case pressure ended. Propagate south propagates so you could also career consider some density waves when the same happens to them. City other density is compressing region as a result compressing next region and so on so the coral magmatic way was supposed to be the wave where you have this alternating alternating densities of Regular charge for example electric charge and the coral charge and essentially. That goes like this. The charge is compressed in a small region of space than is creating certain koren's or if you wish the expansion but expansion in a form of some currents that are compressing. The next layer also either way of grading extra carl charge there. And this extra. Carl charge in the next layer then as propagating and expanding and creating again a charge compression in the next lay on so on so there will be kind of alternating eaten out. Waves all electric charge and carl charge and that would propagate and this will be quite unusual because the usual charge density waves the charge. Blase actually are strongly damped because the electrical and this would not be done presumably. According to this is that existed about twelve fifty years and we would see some signatures of those in In a detector from heavy ion collisions. Since this this happens in breeding many temperatures and it's relatively short Do you see any practical applications of this. This idea right well conceptually. Of course this was forced to fundamental question whether they can even exist potentially they do not in fact exist because of the underlying physics at happens there and that's that will sort it out on the route recently. But some implications of this carl clause must actually could be measured in the systems even Very simple systems that are not as exotic heavy ion collisions. Extremely high temperatures in those temperatures are record. Temperatures anywhere in space really. They are so high. The the only closest a possible temperatures existed only the early universe so it is extremely exotic. And you might be a fair to say well. This is unrealistic to have any applications. It's not true for the following reason if This is a general phenomenon than actually we could find. Analogues of carl Solid state materials About five years ago maybe a few years more than that. There was a discovery in Physics the discovery of new types of materials so-called barack and while materials. What's so special about them. Is that electron quasi particles in this systems. Do shave like massless. Formulas like massless particles with spin and not approximately by the way exactly massless particles in the system and they did it to be perfect examples of carl plazas so we have some sammy models they. They are called semi models because they are not Having a lot of really lou actions to conduct current but they do have Quite a few of them to actually.

carl five years ago about twelve fifty years About Carl sammy carl plazas
"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

Scientific Sense

04:35 min | 1 year ago

"arizona state university" Discussed on Scientific Sense

"That i have in mind. It was the Neutral pyan decays so. There is an elementary particle particle physics. Cayenne you could measure how long it lives in the taxpayers in all kinds of collision experiments. And you will find that. It doesn't actually. Siri lives legal. Loan than this theory would predict and It happens that. I said it wrong. By the way it leaves the much shorter than predicted. By the theory where this charge would be conserved so roughly speaking of their work conservation of this charge. The decay will be nearly forbidden in experiment. We saw that indicates pretty well into two quarters and that was a puzzle for nearly twenty years until it was realized by a couple of and genius people in physics that it's actually author. 'bout and who realize that. There is so-called anomaly that that charge cannot be possibly be conserved in quantum mechanics. It's actually broken by the so-called anomaly. So there is a formal procedure of one sizing a theory. And when you are trying to do that when the nation for some types of theories you will find that some of the charges absolutely cannot be preserved quantum theory and carl charges. One of those. So carl charge will be called a caro plaza. Okay sorry you're trying to say something. Yes society just wondering so the night Here i think about We have the same sort of concept's in chemistry and life sciences. Right so you know there's a direction preference of Rotate the molecule Holiday diglis something doesn't quite Quite superimpose as there is so bit a kylie here is not that great something completely different. It is not in exactly the same way. But the connection exists. Have the connection is the Orientation rally orientation with the momentum of particle co if he wished the directional it's motion and the spin that it cares on the spink is Essentially a quantum concept spin truly exists only include quantum theory so in this context. It implies that actually when we are talking about those karalis we mean the relative orientation of the spin and the direction of the motion of the particle. If you'd be particle is moving in a certain direction and the space pointing in the same direction. That's called the right handed particle if the pointing in the other direction it's the left-handed quad core on the perry. Transformation could be also defined a particle physics. And it will be relayed one particle to the other by this para transformation like a mirror. Image that you mentioned in chemistry and so so so we find in in this case we find. The symmetry is broken right so what we expected. The symmetry would not. If i understand this correctly i go right on. I don't really know much about it if we expect. The symmetry is not broken up. Have some expectations next to mitchell. Was something different right with first of all you have to appreciate what means the symmetry in this context. It's not just a symmetry like narrowing right handed articles two right-hander particles particles would direction Of speaking in one direction or the other. It's actually about the Overall number conservation of the particles that are left handed versus the number conservation of the right handed. The election hundred particles were being and the momentum the opposite direction. So let's say if you create a ten right handed particles and only two left handed particles. If this were a conserved properly concert charge you would never change the overall number of the left handed and right handed particles that it happens to be violated which means that some of those right handed particles could turn into left-handed particles without any penalty right. And so so. That's what we find experimentally..

Siri one particle two left handed particles two quarters mitchell One nearly twenty years one direction ten right handed two right-hander Cayenne hundred particles first
New milestone for Sidney Poitier: Namesake of a film school

AP News Radio

00:35 sec | 2 years ago

New milestone for Sidney Poitier: Namesake of a film school

"Arizona State University has named its new film school after actor Sidney Potier I marches are loaded with the latest Arizona state president Michael M. crow says Sidney Potier story is about a person who found a way and the school wants to help young people find their ways the school is expanding its existing film program with physical resources an online study it will move to a new facility in downtown mesa in twenty twenty to enter the new center in Los Angeles parties daughter Beverly says her father who is ninety three is doing well and is honored at the film school will be named for him

Sidney Potier Michael M. Crow Arizona State University Arizona Mesa Beverly Los Angeles
Arizonans 65 and older will be eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine starting next week

Dave Ramsey

14:28 min | 2 years ago

Arizonans 65 and older will be eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine starting next week

"This hour we took you live to the Arizona Department of Health Services Update on the covert 19 vaccine distribution. We had some technical difficulties, but we have those resolved and we want to bring you now. The rest of that briefing with all the details. Here's Dr Carol Chris, director of our State Health department. So now provide some updates on covert 19 vaccine and implementation of our program here in Arizona. One of the exciting updates that we made today. It is not this week that is not reflected on our chart. It will not be reflected until Tuesday, but Arizona made the decision that Arizonans 65 8 years of age and older are now prioritized. To be vaccinated against covert 19 in our prioritized phase one be along with our education and child care services and our protective services occupations, which includes law enforcement, corrections and fire. This recommendation was approved by the Arizona Vaccine and Antiviral Prioritization Advisory Committee, which is intended to protect those who are most at risk for severe outcomes due to Cove in 19. So we know that those there are over the age of 65 have all higher likelihood of hospitalization and death, and by be getting people vaccinated in several weeks from now we hope to reduce the strain on Arizona's hospitals. And you can find additional information on our website at easy Health. Doc Dub slash find vaccine. And on Tuesday, we will be updating that to provide clarity about which counties are going to be vaccinated the 65 to 74 year old age group at their vaccination sites. We also have counties that have moved into our prioritized. Phase one B and we have some that are fully in phase one B. So if you look at the map of Arizona, the counties that Aaron Black are still in phase one A. So does our healthcare providers and our long term care facility, residents and staff. When you look at our darker gray, that's the prioritized phase one be, so that's going to be the face that we just talked about. Currently. We are vaccinating age 75 older. Along with educators and child care and their support staff and our protective services occupations. When we increase to one be that also includes our Sent can keep our society functioning. That will be people who work in the transportation industry, including gas stations, shipping those types of things. The food industry, including agriculture. S so there's a large number of there's a large list of employees that are eligible for the one B category that is located on our website. Um But you can find out what what phase Each county is in, and we update this infographic daily, and you can link to it off of easy health. Doc Club slash find a vaccine. As of today, over 232,000 doses of vaccine have been administered statewide. So now we'll move into Arizona's vaccine allocation and administration. Over the next few weeks, A DHS will be working to increase access to vaccine increase the rate of vaccination into streamline communications. So as you look at the vaccine, I'm distribution overview. Arizona currently follows a local Allocator model for vaccine distribution. Our local part partners are the backbone of the vaccine program implementation and know their counties that are no they're partners and their counties the best so our federal partners every week provide our Arizona's allocation to the state. We divide that allocation of based on priorities to our local partners, who then will determine which providers in their local jurisdiction will receive that scene for that week. We collect all of those orders on Ben. We place Arizona's full order for that week, and then the federal government will ship those orders directly to the providers that we have ordered on behalf of as vaccine becomes more and more available. We will no longer need to use this local Allocator model and providers such as pharmacies, community health centers and physician's offices will be able just to directly order vaccine from the manufacturers. So this week we received additional first dose allocations of Fizer, which were distributed again. Toe America and Pima County's All 15 counties received Madonna doses, and so we continued to reserve given the unique storage requirements for our Fizer vaccine. We continue to reserve our Majority vaccine for our local or rural health departments. Um In addition to receiving that first those first doses of visor and Madonna vaccine we have received our second doses so that we can continue vaccinating those that I've already received their first US. And have had that either 21 or 28 Day waiting period. This is Dr Cara Chris State Health director, speaking at the Health Department's covert 19 vaccination rollout. Press briefing on Katie Our news 92 3 FM. So during the week of January, 18th Arizona will have been allocated 803,150 doses total. You can see how that's been allocated across the state. You can see at the bottom where we have prioritized our CDC Long term care facility partnership by providing them with the vaccine that they need to vaccinate our Our staff and residents that are long term care facilities. And then you can also see the number of doses that have gone to the state of Arizona. Um Not all of these doses of the 803 have arrived in Arizona. A number of these doses have been allocated to, um Have been ordered for our county partners and will arrive next week. They We anticipate that with the federal holiday. Usually they arrive Monday through Wednesday. We anticipate that they will arrive Tuesday through Friday of next week. So we continue to add additional sites for vaccine administration, So we have initial phase one and phase one B vaccination sites throughout the state. We have over 200 vaccination sites on our website. We also have activated the second phase of the CDC pharmacy partnership, which began the week of December. 27th. So we initially prioritized in phase one of that partnership are skilled nursing facilities, which are highest security, long term care facilities. Um As of the end of this week, all of those facilities will have had at least their first visit from CVS or Walgreen's, and they are scheduling appointments to start assisted living facilities throughout the state next week. So as additional state. Um uh, that scene becomes available, We will be adding additional providers we've had over 730 providers on bordered with a DHS and over 800 pharmacies statewide have enrolled in the CDC pharmacy program to provide in store vaccinations. We have talked on each week about the long term care partnership that CDC put together with our pharmacy partners. So our pharmacy partners code into the facility's and vaccinate the staff and residents of that facility. Um as of this week over 140 skilled nursing facilities scheduled to receive vaccinations, and they will begin vaccinating are assisted living and our group homes starting next week. We've got over 2000 facilities enrolled in the federal program where one of the states with the highest number of facilities enrolled, and our goal is to cover approximately 450,000 residents and staff over the next couple of months. So this is part of the infographic that we post each day on our website. If you look you can see by county what phase That county is currently vaccinating. The total vaccines and ministered along with the vaccination rate per 100,000. And so you can see statewide 232,000 vaccines have been administered. Um, This may not include some of the doses that are provided by our tribal Our federal partners is this is pulled out of the States Immunization registry. So to talk about updates and announcements of this week. On Monday, we had a soft launch of the State Farm Stadium Probate 19 vaccination site. So far we've administered over 20,000 vaccinations at that site, and we are averaging apart between 203 100 vaccinations per hour. We have booked tens of thousands of appointments through January 31st and anticipate opening up additional appointments. That will be between February 1st and February 28th. Those appointments will open up on January 19th at 9 A.m.. We're very excited. Because our partners have really made this endeavor possible. It's a whole community partnership. And again, we just want to thank the Department of Emergency and Military Affairs, the Arizona Cardinals and state from Stadium Blue Cross Blue Shield of Arizona, The Catherine and Ben I. V Foundation. Arizona State University and Walgreens. All of these, these groups are playing a large role at the site on D have made this possible. Way also are very excited about the launch of our second state run of vaccinations site. This will be located at Phoenix Municipal Stadium. We are still looking to see how many doses we will have available for that. For that site, so the number of appointments will depend on the available vaccine again. We're partnering with the Arizona Department of Emergency and Military Affairs and Arizona State University to run this site. Arizona State University currently runs a testing a saliva based testing site at this location and so they will scale up to provide vaccination administration. Again. Registrations for appointments are going to open up Tuesday, January 19th at 9 A.m. for this site. We updated our easy health. Dr. Hobbes Flash find vaccine website with an interactive map. You can go onto the map. It has all of the current locations with vaccine, you can select a sight and a box will pop up that has information about that site and a link to their registration. So not all of them. Not all vaccine providers are utilizing the state's vaccine management system. Some providers air using their own appointments software, but we will link to them whenever we have that information so that it's one stop shopping when you go to our our map. We will continue to update this map with additional vaccination sites as they come. In a couple of other exciting announcements, we have been expanding access. So a DHS activated the CDC retail pharmacy program. This is going to add up to 100 pharmacy stores over the next few weeks. The first pharmacies to come on board in Arizona are gonna be fries, Safeway and Albertsons. And so those will be included on our sites as we get notified, which pharmacies which specific pharmacy locations will have that scene? But they will be on our website and will be another source for those that are eligible to receive vaccine to go get vaccinated when this program becomes fully activated, more than 800 pharmacies will have covert 19 vaccine available in Arizona. We currently have more than 200 vaccination sites on our website that have received vaccine and this includes 45 community health centers as well. So if you are eligible and you receive care at one of our community health centers You could check on our website to see if they have received vaccine. And again just another update on helping our Arizona hospitals. We have been recruiting nurses with a nursing staffing contract here in the state. That's been one of our most successful endeavors. We are very excited. The majority of the nurses are here. When they arrive. They will stay on site for eight weeks with an opportunity to extend that On gesso. As of last week. 348 nurses have started work. We anticipated almost 200 more arriving this week again that We don't necessarily count them until we've heard that they have Arrived in the state and are attending on boarding at their assigned hospital. But we continue to work with our staffing contract to get all of the nurses that we can here in. Arizona State health director Dr Cara Crist went with her press briefing on covert 19 vaccine rollout that coming from the state Health Department. Go

Arizona Dr Carol Chris CDC Arizona Vaccine And Antiviral Aaron Black Doc Club Arizona Department Of Health S DHS Fizer Dr Cara Chris State Health Department Madonna Arizona State University Walgreens Pima County States Immunization Registry State Farm Stadium Department Of Emergency And Mi Health Department Stadium Blue Cross Blue Shield
Farmers protest across India against laws liberalizing agricultural markets

PRI's The World

02:02 min | 2 years ago

Farmers protest across India against laws liberalizing agricultural markets

"The protests are said to be among the largest ever in india hundreds of thousands of indian farmers blocking roads sitting on railroad tracks and camped out in the capital delhi. They're upset about new laws. At indian prime minister narendra modi believes will help the country's agricultural sector farmers disagree they say they'll lose guaranteed price supports and be at the mercy of the market. Natasha bell is a political science professor at arizona state university who's written about these protests professor bell. These protests been going on for weeks. Now talk more about these farm reform bills the support them say that in the end farmers will benefit. What is their argument. Prime minister modi and the bj bjp party have described these laws as a watershed moment for indian agriculture. And they have said that. These reform bills will liberate indian formers from the traditional monday market system. Their argument is that the middlemen in that system are benefiting and that the farmers are not and they want to bring modern reformed modern laws. That open up indian farming to the private market. Now farmers will tell you that this will not liberate them but that this will be their demise and that they see this as a a death warrant because they have already been dealing with decades a depressed pricing on top of which later dealing with high levels of debt and in india we see extremely high rates of former suicides and so this is the very population that has been already harmed and now the fear that the farmers have is that the reform bills will not take away the guaranteed prices that they get through the monday system and that once the monday system collapses then they will end up receiving prices for lower than the original mundy's stem. The there will be a monopoly of this market by the private sector.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi Natasha Bell Prime Minister Modi Bj Bjp Party Arizona State University India Delhi Mundy
A Call For Equity In Genomics Research

Short Wave

02:58 min | 2 years ago

A Call For Equity In Genomics Research

"So before the break we talked about. How do i noticed. A lack of diversity into nomex. He was working with these databases and noticed a lot of minorities communities were left out and as he began to interrogate that he made two key rations. One of the reasons is more around comfort and convenience. It's like if you are Western european ancestry. Doctor it's much easier to for you to recruit white people within your network right and then on the other side of the coin. It's really hard to recruit communities of people who have historically been exploited exploited by the medical and scientific community traumatizing experiences with lasting impacts. Like what happened to the have a super tribe from arizona so back in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine researchers at arizona state university and the havasu by agreed to partner up to determine if there was a genetic reason behind the really high rates of diabetes that have plagued the tribe for decades but when arizona state turned around and question to have a supine nations origin. Story tried to look for genetic associations with schizophrenia. And getting mutations that are associated with interbreeding it naturally pissed off the community. Because that's not the arrangement and the consensus that they built not only to the researchers not get consent to look at those things some of those questions in themselves deeply disrespected the tribes most sacred beliefs so that resulted in the sort of ripple effect or domino effect with many other tribes in the united states of america pudding a moratorium on genetic research which stands to this day. Here's the other thing. It's become more and more clear but a lot of times. These health disparities like diabetes and have a suit by tribe aren't really even because of genetics. They're more about socio. Economic factors like access to healthy food and healthcare a lot of the times when an indigenous populations or brown black and underrepresented populations that people are recruited into studies. It's under the guise of reducing health disparities and sort of pandering towards this narrative that there's an innate nece to why our communities have higher rates of common complex disease right and that's highly problematic and i have sold that grant narrative in so many grants and papers and that's how i've kind of come to this position of questioning it and being skeptical of what the actual benefit

Arizona Arizona State University Diabetes Schizophrenia United States Of America