35 Burst results for "Aristotle"

In 1862, Abraham Lincoln Met With Black Leaders on the Idea of Their Own Country

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:43 min | Last week

In 1862, Abraham Lincoln Met With Black Leaders on the Idea of Their Own Country

"So Liberia was an attempt to do what Malcolm X later wanted to do. But in the 1850s, a group of blacks went to Abraham Lincoln and Abraham Lincoln was like, look, if you guys want your own country, we can arrange that. If you black leaders want your own country, we can help you with that. And they deliberated amongst themselves. And of course, deliberation comes before a decision according to Aristotle, deliberation is one of the highest forms and contemplation. I'm sorry. Deliberation leads to contemplation which locally will lead the truth. And they came back to Abraham Lincoln, what they said? They said, this is our home. This happened on August 14th, 1862, Abraham Lincoln did something unprecedented. He met with black leaders all free black clergymen. And he said, we're happy to support a new black country. They were even talking about South Africa, South America, I'm sorry. And Lincoln mentioned Liberia because this was a suggestion before. Now, this movement didn't really gain much traction until Malcolm X resurrected this idea before his assassination. Where Malcolm X basically said that blacks can never be free in this country. We have to go back. And you could say a lot about Malcolm X, that actually is the logical conclusion. That is the logical answer if you think America systemically racist. Leave. Now, I don't think America systemically racist, so I'm not encouraging people to leave. But if you believe that like tah anisi Coates does, then why are you still

Abraham Lincoln Malcolm X Liberia South America South Africa Lincoln Malcolm America Anisi Coates
Why the US Constitution Is More Relevant Than Ever Before

The Charlie Kirk Show

02:02 min | Last month

Why the US Constitution Is More Relevant Than Ever Before

"The history of the 1920s 30s and 40s, they say, oh, it's repeating itself. But why? Because human nature doesn't change. That's why. We know this. Anyone who reads the Bible and gets past genesis three realizes that we are broken by nature. You don't have to overly complicate this. But the left in this country, they believe human nature is malleable. It is changeable. We believe that there is a default coding within of who we are as human beings as broken, sinful, nasty, brutish, short. Now this is why the constitution is just as relevant. In fact, more relevant today than it was in the 1780s. And there's an accusation that is commonly thrown at the founding fathers. Oh, what are you going to honor a document? That's 240 years old. And now we as Christians should take offense to this, because you know what they're going to say next. What are you reading a book that's 2000 years old? Now why should we honor old things? What those old things are full of wisdom and they are true, it's because the constitution was not written for the time. It was written to stand the test of time. Because it was an observation of how human beings are in their state of nature. And so then we can all of a sudden say, oh, how we're tyrants. How do they operate? Well, they do a couple of things Aristotle said there is an amazing book in book 5 of the politics of Aristotle, 2500 years ago. Book 5 chapter ten, he said tyrants make people unfamiliar to one another. I wonder what they did in the last year to make us unfamiliar to one another. They keep the schools in gymnasiums closed. 2500 years ago, he wrote this. Because it is the habit of a tyrant to make sure that you distrust your fellow citizen that dialog communication and community disappears. And one person is able to have a say over the collective. Now why is that justice true today as it was 2500 years ago? Because not only are we able to say how human nature was 2500 years ago, but we know how dictators tyrants, tsars and Caesars operate. They try to make you distrust your

Aristotle Caesars
Dr. Larry Arnn, President of Hillsdale College, on the Purpose of Education

The Charlie Kirk Show

02:04 min | Last month

Dr. Larry Arnn, President of Hillsdale College, on the Purpose of Education

"Kirk show with us today as someone who has taught me more than anyone else in the last year and a half. I have listened to hundreds of hours of his lectures and read many of his books and honored to have him on the show today. The president of hillsdale college, where we have a great partnership together, Charlie for hillsdale dot com, doctor Arne, honored to have you with us today. It's great to be with you. I've become a great admirer of Charlie Kirk. Thank you. And you've taught me quite a lot. And I tell everyone that your Aristotle course really touched me and strengthened my beliefs in a variety of ways. So doctor an I want to start with this open question and we see this in the news lately of what is education. What is the purpose of education? I see a lot of people kind of fumble in that recently. Even people on the center right that would call themselves conservatives. People that say, well, we got to teach people how to think, not what to think or we gotta listen to kids and give them what they want. What is the purpose of education? That's not how to think about what to think. If you just think about it for a minute, it's silly, right? Do we want to raise them up to think that the moon is made out of green cheese? So the point is, if you step back from our mechanistic engineering society, which touches across the political spectrum, by the way, education is not like making anything. It's like helping something to grow. But the growth is in the thing, right? You can plan an acorn all day long and you'll never get a pine tree out of it, right? No matter how you cultivate it. So education is growth. Now, you know, the Latin word education means to lead forth educator and that raises the question which way is fourth. And that means, you know, the Bible says, train up a child and the way he should go. We should have the same thing is the way he wants to go in all cases, but of course people do want to grow to be fully what they

Charlie Kirk Hillsdale College Hillsdale Arne Kirk Charlie
What Does It Mean to Live a Good Life in Private and Public?

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:56 min | Last month

What Does It Mean to Live a Good Life in Private and Public?

"So Jack in today's time, all the chaos around you all the darkness. What does it mean to live a good life in private life not just in public life? Well, so, you know, I kind of go back, I really am a big fan. I don't know if I'd consider myself a Thomas at this point, but Thomas Aquinas, yeah, I'm a big Aquinas fan. If you read it, what he's doing was he was trying to basically take the principles of Christianity and then combine them with like play doh and Aristotle. So take the take those values and put them all together with the teachings of Christ. And so of course, played on Aristotle, they talk about talent. They talk about potentiality. They talk about actualization and what Aquinas did was he said, God gives you just as I was saying in the last bit, he gives you those talents. He gives you your potentiality, of course, that comes from God that's part of your creation. So, you know, the fully actualized Jacob so big and the fully actualized Charlie Kirk are going to be different things. Just the same way, you know, and this even gets into politics. You talk about the rights of the individual, right to the collective. And the idea that you can't have equality because everyone is different because everyone is going to have different unique talents. But the idea, though, is that your life is a journey of being able to realize your full potentiality for good and that in achieving so along the proper path actually brings you closer to God. And this is where some of the logo could go. And so this is where myself, you know, becoming a father over the past couple of years has really kind of changed my perspective on so many of these things. And it also gives you skin of the game. You become the head of a household now. You have these children and you have to raise them. And so it makes you want to go back to your own teaching to your own traditions to your own religion and say, do I understand this stuff? Do I really feel that I'm properly trained and able to actually pass this on am I doing the right

Charlie Kirk Thomas Aquinas Aquinas Jack Thomas Jacob
Tolerance and Apathy Are Defining Characteristics of a Dying Society

The Charlie Kirk Show

02:04 min | Last month

Tolerance and Apathy Are Defining Characteristics of a Dying Society

"Tolerance. You guys have those signs up anywhere on campus. We need a tolerate things. No not no bailers, thankfully not as following as other places. Should we tolerate evil? That's an interesting question, right? And some people say yes, some people say no. And it depends what your kind of idea of tolerance is, right? And what does that actually mean Aristotle, who's the man? Hope you guys are studying Aristotle. Maybe maybe not. Okay. We'll get this a little bit, yes. A couple of people could praise God. Aristotle said that tolerance and apathy are defining characteristics of a dying society. Now, what did he mean by that? Did he mean that you should be intolerance? Because that's what they call us all the time though. What he meant is when all of a sudden people stop caring about bad things happening around them. That's what he meant. That he was using them as synonyms, tolerance and apathy. And I think this happens far too often. And so since I've been I haven't been controversial enough tonight, so I have to dive right into it. So last week, I was doing my podcast and my radio show. And I said, you know, the left in this country wants people to live in a version of sexual anarchy. People like, what is that? That sounds like a band. Like, it's actually a great band name by the way. Hasn't been taken yet. If anyone has a band, it actually might be it's like the Sex Pistols. It's like sexual anarchy. No, it's very simple, which is that it's this 1960s live. That's antibiotic antichristian anti natural law to do whatever feels good. To indulge in a flash to do every want to do when you want to do it however you want to do it. That doesn't make people free. You will live in a state of anarchy spiritually and personally if you do that. And it's become wildly unpopular to say this out loud, which is why are we having so many issues with students and young people when it comes to this sort of issue is that I don't think we've ever been, I don't think we've been honest enough by saying people that liberty is not doing what you want to do whenever you want to do it. Liberty is doing what you ought to do. And from a Christian biblical perspective, it means standing up and having hopefully the clarity. So you know what? You should reject hookup culture that you should save yourself for one person, loyally marry them and stay in a single relationship with them and say that this is how the Bible wants us to live, and you will be more free because

Aristotle
Can a Nation Survive If Its Elite Hate What the Nation Stands For?

America First with Sebastian Gorka Podcast

00:57 sec | Last month

Can a Nation Survive If Its Elite Hate What the Nation Stands For?

"Professor Hansen canon nation long survive if it's elite hates what the nation stands for? Is that a too obvious a question for 2021? No, you know it can't. And we all know what can. It's even it's even more troubling. It can not exist unless what the Greeks call the meso or the middle people do not exist in numbers. And by that, I mean, you have to have a check on the power and the inside leverage of the wealthy and you can not be dependent on the government as the poor. But the middle class is what topical said that's what the federalist papers show. That's what Eric going back to Aristotle. You have to have an independent economically viable middle class. And that can be an independent truck driver or a small business person a teacher, but they have to have property. They have to be engaged politically and they have to be immune from the enticements and the threats of government and the

Professor Hansen Canon Eric
Teacher Monica Gill on Finding the Courage to Be Unapologetically Conservative

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:53 min | 2 months ago

Teacher Monica Gill on Finding the Courage to Be Unapologetically Conservative

"Monaco wanna ask you a broader question because speaking out is not something. Many people are comfortable doing I'm talk a little bit about some of the backlash you've received. I'm sure some of the negativity. Because so many people email us on our podcast freedom at charlie. Kirk dot com. They say charlie. I don't know if i could do it. You know i. I wanna live my comfortable life. I don't wanna lose friends. I wanna be popular. I want to remain wealthy. And i do want to see the country saved but you know i i wanna be loved. I wanna stay my country club and we actually get emails like this. that's fine. They can make their own decision. You know georgia's pat and said that moral courage is the most necessary yet. Absent characteristic and men as aristotle would say courage is the ultimate virtue because of that there are no other virtues. Where do you get your courage from the lord to be honest with you I spent many years being afraid of eking up being afraid of speaking up about my conservative values at school even to certain extent among my colleagues about my faith. I've always been pretty open about being a christian in the classroom with my students but When they pushed this initiative on starting to push this equity diversity and inclusion initiative in august twenty nineteen. I all i can say to you charlie. Is that literally. I went from a place of fear to righteous anger. You know that you angry. But don't sin and saying okay. We'll then now. What do i do and literally. I just felt the lord. Remove all my fear and send sound. I just said to him. I'm gonna be obedient anything that you asked me to do any door. You asked me to walk through. I will walk through it. And now i'm on the charlie kirk. She hope

Charlie Monaco Kirk Georgia Charlie Kirk
Joe Biden Lied About Mandating Vaccines

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:01 min | 2 months ago

Joe Biden Lied About Mandating Vaccines

"Remember joe biden said no. I don't think that vaccine should be mandatory demand it to be mandatory. Let's go to cut eighty four. I don't think it should be mandatory. I wouldn't demand mandatory. But i do everything in my power. I don't think mask have to be made mandatory nationwide now. Of course he contradicted himself and he was lying. But according to the bible the left which is the prince by machiavelli the promise given was a necessity of the past. The word broken necessity. The president nicole. Leo nicole machiavelli. The prince perfectly justifiable to talk out of both sides of your mouth in fact a famous french foreign minister famously said about lying. He said we were given speech to hide our thoughts. Not as aristotle would say that we are the speaking beings to actually communicate our thoughts honestly precisely. He said that we were given speech to hide our thoughts.

Joe Biden Leo Nicole Machiavelli Machiavelli Nicole
We Need to Look Beyond the Holocaust and Celebrate Israel

The Eric Metaxas Show

02:27 min | 3 months ago

We Need to Look Beyond the Holocaust and Celebrate Israel

"My question to you is no you weren't. You're answering straight on. I was saying that you're having a problem with it. The holocaust is presented without The good news on the other side. Which is the founding the miraculous after two millennia. Founding of israel's is an astonishing thing however you look at it but the story. I mean look this goes back to aristotle when you're talking about plot or anything that you know that the worse something is the i it makes the story better and you have nothing worse really in history than than the holocaust and so But it are you saying that it's just that people only focus on that and that they don't come out on the other side to the founding of national israel yes i is in essence. That is where you know. My father used to joke. Always don't put the emphasis on the wrong celebral and You know this we say ourselves to This is what it is. It's a. The emphasis was wrong. From america's perspective i hear the jews telling they have one shot at the mall in washington right. They're not going to give us another museum. We're going to tell the story of the jewish people. And i'm thinking of kids who come from. I don't know anywhere denver. They come from indiana. Come to the come to the center of of this magnificent country where you have the air and space museum and you have the national gallery and where you have the lincoln. The i don't have to tell you. How splendid washington should be people what it should resonate. And what did the jewish people decided to place there. A holocaust museum. We should have put up the bible museum. If we're going to put up a bible museum but we put up the holocaust museum. Now i can understand. Let let me just say i understand. I knew l. e. l. very well and i know almost everyone i grew up with was a survivor of one kind or another. I understand the impulse of it. Jews have to carry this. Have to mourn this and have to be with it forever but if one was going to bring a story to the world then the story should not be of the nazi victory which is really i would say that. Part of that is the triumph of antisemitism. I mean that's what. The holocaust museum displays the triumph of antisemitism. What else is it

Israel Washington Holocaust Museum Denver Indiana America Lincoln
The Importance of a Fundamental Grounding in Western Philosophy

America First with Sebastian Gorka Podcast

02:09 min | 4 months ago

The Importance of a Fundamental Grounding in Western Philosophy

"Let's talk about. It's what you teach the importance of least at least a fundamental grounding in western philosophy for all members of our civilization. How important is that professor williams. You know you're preaching to the choir. On this i would make it obligatory and i would start is early high school. I think when when high school students are have to confront the big questions and would philosophy gives you is not not so much a life plan as the ability to ask yourself big questions to realize that the what are the most important questions and ways that you go about reasoning to the answers and thinking about them and especially studying the history of lousy. It's very interesting as you know that. That science and technology grow so every year. We know a little bit more ever. You can do a little bit more. Philosophy doesn't grow that way aristotle. Today it's like reading aristotle. Two thousand or twenty five hundred years ago says still has meaning. It still has value because these deeper questions about the meaning of existence the meaning of of human life these bigger questions and so there's a frustration in the fact that you don't get that kind of growth is building on it like like technology does but on the other hand. There's something very very exciting to be able to still wrestle with these intellectual giants from hundreds and thousands of years ago and that is why as far as i'm concerned that is why those who believe in progress delusional that they have no sense of history the essence of man. The things man struggles with haven't changed since we left the caves. I mean truly the search for meaning the sense of Quantifying worth all of these things are the same. They were two three four thousand years ago. And that's why everybody you're absolutely right. Professors should be required to study. The you know. The the ancient greeks and some of the key modern philosophers Because it just helps helps man on his journey and that journey is a universal journey for all of

Professor Williams
Why Is Snow on the Alps Turning Red?

Kottke Ride Home

01:55 min | 4 months ago

Why Is Snow on the Alps Turning Red?

"Glacier blood. No it's not a new flavor from heavy metal water company liquid death glacier blood is what some call the phenomenon of snow on the alps turning red and the snow isn't read from some type of pollutant or something like when that chocolate factory accidently coated whole town in switzerland with reddish brown cocoa dust last year. It's a naturally occurring phenomenon as the result of snow. Algae quoting the bbc normally these micro algae have a green color as they contain chlorophyll. The family pigments produced by most plants to help them absorb energy from sunlight. However when the snow algae grew prolifically and are exposed to strong solar radiation they produce red colored pigment molecules known as carotenoids which act as sunshield to protect their chlorophyll and quotes now. This red snow is not a new phenomenon or even a new discovery. The bbc notes that it's mentioned as early as eighteen nineteen in a book about an arctic expedition the year prior and the new york times points to aristotle as having the first written observation of red snow. It also doesn't just happen in the alps. Researchers two years ago found samples of what they've dubbed sanguine. Ah in europe. North america south america the south pole and as clearly illustrated by that eighteen nineteen book the north pole new occurrences do seem to be increasing however and some recent findings are shedding more light on the bizarre spectacle while the data isn't fully there yet most researchers believe climate change is responsible for the increase in red snow leeann bending a professor of interface geochemistry at the german research centre for geosciences in potsdam told the bbc quote the rise in the atmosphere carbon dioxide levels increases the temperature which leads to more snow melting. The moment there is liquid water on the snow. The algae start growing and quotes

BBC Switzerland Arctic The New York Times South America North America German Research Centre For Geo Europe Leeann Potsdam
From a Book With No Words to a Book About Words with Author Michael Knowles

The Eric Metaxas Show

01:52 min | 4 months ago

From a Book With No Words to a Book About Words with Author Michael Knowles

"What led you to write this book. Speechless controlling words controlling minds. Well before i had any of the podcasts daily wire with senator cruz or prager anything. Before i had the book with words it all began. Because i had a book without any words which was called reasons to vote for democrats a comprehensive guide. Two hundred fifty blank pages and unexpectedly. I only wrote it. Or i didn't write anything but only published it irritate my democrat friends and relatives but it became a number one bestseller on amazon. So now this is so crazy. I just want to say. I'm a writer. I'm an author. I've written a lot of books. I think i have five new york times. Bestsellers the idea that you wrote. A book had no words and it became a bestseller hard for me to like you michael knowles. It's a good thing. I love you as as my brother in the faith because the idea. I mean it's hilarious but this is true. When did that come out. So that book came out in twenty seventeen and very shortly thereafter. I had a publishing companies. Say okay we want you to write another book. And i said hold on the word. Another is a little strange using that word a little liberally. Nothing about what. I've done should give you any indication that i could write a book with words but i thought it would be ironic for my first book with words to make it about words themselves and also because i think that the manipulation of language to redefine reality is the primary tool by which leftist radicals have up ended society more than by immigration more than by various sorts of economic policies for instance the manipulation of language. Does it because if you can control the speech then as good old uncle aristotle tells us you're controlling politics particularly in a self-governing republic so it's good for book sales that this issue of censorship in free speech is the number one issue right now. It's very bad for the country. But it's good for book

Senator Cruz Michael Knowles Prager New York Times Amazon
Why It's Hard to Do the Things That Are Good for You.

SoberSoul Recovery: Addiction, Sobriety, and Beyond!

01:35 min | 6 months ago

Why It's Hard to Do the Things That Are Good for You.

"Every day in my in frankly in my day to day life i talked to people. We talk about learning new things. We talk about south care. We talk about sleep and exercise and eating and parenting and friend. Meaning all the good stuff of life at the core of our conversations. There seems to be this question in here it is. Why do we struggle so much to do the things that are really good for us can. That's what we're going to talk about today as with many of our problems. Personal or otherwise. This is not new back in the time of aristotle. This was an issue as well. good old. aristotle and other philosophers waxed on about why we have trouble putting into practice. What we read what we learn what we observe my personal favorite line that i use is not wayne is not doing. We're not human. Knowing we are human beings that was two lines what aristotle and the many wise men and women that came after him and likely before him didn't have access to was knowledge about our brains. We have that

Wayne
Writer Aliette de Bodard Discusses Matriarchies in Fiction

Breaking the Glass Slipper: Women in science fiction, fantasy, and horror

03:28 min | 9 months ago

Writer Aliette de Bodard Discusses Matriarchies in Fiction

"The world as we know it is ruled by men but when it comes to fiction writers can choose what power structure they create and how they depicted despite the free rein this allows authors most recently replicate the patriarchy win authors. Do step outside the familiar. Societal structures and present us with matriarchies. What do we see. Aristotle condemned societies. The place women in paula knowing then is gonna caucases for threatening masculine supremacy since then. Men have often used representations of matriarchies as a way to demonstrate that women are incapable of or should not be trusted with holding power thankfully. The tide is turning early. Feminist speculative fiction writers like joanna russ explored all female worlds and pave the way for modern writers to explore more diverse power structures in action as something more than just projected male anxiety one. Such writer is elliott to bought out who. We are very pleased to welcome in joining us. In a discussion of matriarchies in speculative fiction. Thank you so much for joining us elliott. would you like to introduce yourself to ellis. Yes thank you so much for having me here. my name is edzard. I'm an award-winning writer. Of fantasy. and science fiction Most known for the universities which is a vietnamese inflicted space opera and my latest book is fire heart tiger which is a suffolk romantic. Fantasy said i guess you could call it too much rocky awesome and that is exactly why you are here to talk about matriarchies tonight. So first of all. I'll matriarchies only of used to us. As a way to deconstruct all paradise the patriarchy there other things right and they are They have historically existed Day are also very There's been a lot of investment in mostly trying to hide that they've existed or make it so that they were those terrible the stoke in places. Because you know god forbid that women ever been charged with anything But you can trust for instance The vietnamese society before the arrival of the chinese who who subsequently colonized vietnam was very probably some kind of much marcle and or much linear and you could see it in. You can't see anymore in the recorded history but you can see it in the fairy tales and the miss that our cost down where it's very clear. The women hold the power and that lineages passed through the mother instead of being passed through. The father is actually very interesting to look at the texts and go. You get those kinds of archaeological remains within the tax off the dragon. The dragon prince who marries the queen of the mountain. But she's the queen he's just the prince a to me. That's kind of really fascinating to see how it's been thoroughly arrays. Because the received wisdom was that those things just couldn't possibly exist.

Joanna Russ Edzard Elliott Paula Vietnamese Society Ellis Suffolk Vietnam
'We come from the stars': Indigenous astronomy, astronauts, and star stories

Unreserved

05:05 min | 11 months ago

'We come from the stars': Indigenous astronomy, astronauts, and star stories

"When you think about the night sky what constellations come to mind. Chances are they're rooted in western astronomy but indigenous. Astronomy and scientific knowledge have been here for millennia. It's just not taught in schools or considered important within universities. My next guest is working to change. That nielsen is mick ma. And he's a professor in the department of astronomy and astrophysics at the university of toronto. Helping welcome thank you for having me. So how would you describe the way. Astronomy is typically taught in university course university of toronto's famous having a an astronomy course fifteen hundred students in it in that course generally starts from the early greek and roman astronomy aristotle type of plato pythagoras and they will channel through european astronomy with newton and cabrera hey and yohannes kepler and galileo of course the modern enshrinement is just one linear path from the romans to essentially neil degrasse tyson and today scientists. It's very very centered in the european model. And how have you been incorporating indigenous knowledge in your courses. I've been trying to do that little bit here. And there are courses tend to be quite full of material so adding new materials always a challenge. But i always want to make sure students come in and the first thing they see is not there. Expect a constellation. I don't him see a bear with the tail lakers major. I want them to see the constellation view. I nor a constellation of the bear or a punish shining relation that please and to recognize that these constellations reflect landover on i for in toronto or in new magi or anywhere and what is indigenous astronomy. And how do you define it. How is it or how old. I define indigenous astronomy. As being the the knowledge of the peoples of the land so and since burnett Nation state of canada would find it as the astronomers of the people that were here before settlers in colonizers so strongly of the astronomy of first nations big cree on astronaut and so on across across rhode island and every nation has their own perspective of the night skydrone interpretation in knowledge of it and so these indigenous astronomers speak to connection to the land and and to the people and that knowledge has been here as long as the people have been here and so is there a star story that comes to mind for you that gives an understanding of indigenous astronomy. Great story was the story of noon on the seven bird hunters which is a story so close your eyes and you're looking morni- guy and you see what we call the less the big dipper. And if you're looking at the big dipper couple of hours before dawn in spring you're gonna see the big dipper pointing downwards so the four stars make up the bear kind of facing downwards detail is climbing higher in the sky the four stars of the big dipper in the bull our immune the bear and then pours. What would be the handle. The big dipper are at the bird hunters and you go on those three stars to another four to get the seven hunters and the story starts by while you have to get up early in the morning a couple of hours before dawn to this constellation when we observe it at that time in the morning and we observed every day we can see the constellation circle around the sky. The constellation circles around sky every night as well. So we see the two different timescales in play but if we start in the spring at that to ask for dumb the bowl. The big dipper the bears pointing downwards. And that's when the bears waking up from tiber nation and decides hungry needs to go gather food as the bear leaves. The cave i robin spies upon the bear grabs it's bone arrow and size to chase it from hunt and the story continues through the summer when muniz running across the land so the constellations kinda flat across the sky and the birger chasing it as we get towards fall newness getting tired and stands likes to fight back so the constellations on one side again. Some of the birds have fallen below the horizon and must track the hunt but immune you and stands back robin fires. It's era a striking the immune in the heart killing it. Blood gets everywhere. All of robinhood flies into the tree shakes off the blood separate one stain on his chest. The leaves are now allred as a result. Chickeny joins robin. And they begin a celebration to cook the cook. The bear and to celebrate the feast harvest as we approach winter the constellation as the bears on his back again and reflecting the spirit of the baron sky and waiting for spring to come as part of the next cycle. So we see lots of different kinds. We have knowledge of the year as a calendar have knowledge of ritual and ceremony and we have connection with nature. So it's not just a shawny story. It's it's part of. It's a story that people in story of how to be.

Mick Ma Department Of Astronomy And As University Course University O Yohannes Kepler Neil Degrasse University Of Toronto Nielsen Cabrera Galileo Newton Lakers Rhode Island Toronto Robin Canada Muniz Allred
Former Governor of Jalisco, Mexico, Is Killed in Puerto Vallarta

The California Report Magazine

00:51 sec | 1 year ago

Former Governor of Jalisco, Mexico, Is Killed in Puerto Vallarta

"Are searching for the gunman who killed a former governor off Jalisco state. Aristotle is Sunday vow to beach resort. A local drug cartel is thought to have carried out The attack. Will grant report the former governor of Jalisco was eating with four other people in the popular beach resort of Puerto Vallarta. He went to the lavatory. He was shot in the back by an unknown assailant. The ex governor of one of Mexico's most violent states. Mister Sandoval had a personal security detail comprised of 15 bodyguards. One of the first questions is over their whereabouts on exactly how the killer managed to escape so easily from the restaurant after the attack, as the two bodyguards that had accompanied Mister Sandoval that day attempted to take him to hospital. They were fired on by other gunmen outside the restaurant. Two more, it appears to be a well planned and coordinated attack.

Jalisco Mister Sandoval Puerto Vallarta Mexico
Interview With Petter Kukkonen

Physical Activity Researcher

05:43 min | 1 year ago

Interview With Petter Kukkonen

"But so in ancient world we we cannot understand it without mentioning religion but we also cannot understand that without mentioning sophy and you are mentioning that our our hero of the of the story echoes. He lived at the same time as plato and aristotle and and you also have the scenes in your book where where these philosophers appear so would be exciting. You maybe share a little bit about those Those storylines in in the book before olympic games. Cenovate thirty on just Too which was the blaze were. Lotto's gymnasium was located on. They had them exhibition resting much. First alex against the abuse and then what was one of spectators and then he wanted to challenge alex unbuckle. He had a history of of competing in investing in infinite. Nothing olympic games but fee of this highly respected games in increase. So he was in real life also released. Strong restaurant denied. He was already sixty Sixty three years old so they they are they are having frosting matz with Afterwards having some wine. And i'm talking. I didn't bring any new philosophy of some kind of maine lies about his thinking. And then there's so so obvious double in young who'd think there are dates of seventeen or sixteen elected sixty couple of couple of years older than On spending about a pin. Im seven days long. Local mocha pick festival in offense. They're spending like going just the other an underground With wine about philosophy and so roaches or encounters with those two big names. And yeah you mentioned that. You didn't want to go into detail about the philosophy of plato aristotle. But i think it's quite a nice way of kind of tying in those historical figures which brings to the question that i didn't remember to ask yet was that did you have a character. All my historical character dot you draw inspiration from when you are building your your character aliko stories. He like a combination of different stories and sources. Or how how did you. How did he come to be as he is. He's for cirque combination of of different ideas. That are there must be bark of me. Thinking there is part of fiction My biggest hero in Cup all the up. His character person. I would say i have copied a face. He's characters he used in east books. So it's gonna fly combination of these three things. Yeah do we have any any stories that we have available about the athletes of those times. Do we have any sources about we know generally about sports than we know generally about the olympics but do we have any in his threes of those athletes. Who actually doing we do. Have something mostly bow. Stories out you know for some kremlin of millo. lexi's time a little bit cleaner. Howdy highly. it was like the cow in his shoulder and carried it for. I don't know thin stadiums and then drinking litres of wine after up on a leave some some rocks which sweater the weight of seven men at the start being reimbursing the time aura results in that time so interesting to compare results of Weekend we can do it just like fun. Sixers really absolute up spot At the start dates of or eight years something continued to adults for the mandela for fifty years old and For example tennessee. Something about pope sparked story about the guinness. He was a boxer and then also doing bankrupt and bunker weakened call. It's kind of a free fight. Which bills have the time. So he won't doing he sport cab your own or over. The only the big he had was due at one thousand four hundred together so if fast it's If he had liked wendy years don't carrier he had only hit the seventh beat the rockies three year so that was some kind of picture how how much they look a beating so totally professional athletes. Who train and then. They just pat time hopefully folk going for one competition to other. We must remember governor blames. Our cars drives up to use shapes. Our image travel hiked by themselves from from the states to another disincentive.

Alex Unbuckle Sophy Plato Aristotle Matz Maine Lexi Howdy Olympics Sixers Pope Tennessee Wendy Rockies
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

04:43 min | 1 year ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"And its existence is abundantly recognized by Aristotle. His account of the causes of Revolutions in book V show how far were the existing states of Greece from the ideal with which he starts off his analysis of the facts forces him to look upon them as the scene of struggling factions. The causes of revolutions are not described as primarily changes in the conception of the common good but changes in the military or economic power of them several classes in the state. The aim which he sets before oligarchs or democracies is not the good life, but simple stability or permanence of the existing Constitution. With this Spirit of realism which pervades books for five and six the idealism of books 1 to 7 and 8 a.m. Is never reconciled. Aristotle is content to call existing constitutions perversions of the true form, but we cannot read the politics without recognizing and profiting from the insight into the nature of the state which is revealed throughout. Aristotle's failure does not lie in this that he is both idealist and realist. But that he keeps these two Tendencies too far apart. He thinks too much of his ideal State as something to be reached to once for all by knowledge as a fixed type to which actual States approximate or from which they are perversions. But if we are to think of actual Politics as intelligible in the light of the ideal, we must think of that ideal as progressively revealed in history was not as something to be discovered by turning our back on experience and having recourse to abstract reasoning. If we stretch hor word from what exists to an ideal it is to a better which may be in its turn transcended not to a single bulb mutable best. Aristotle found in the Society of his time men who were not capable of political reflection and who as he thought did their best work under superintendent's he therefore called them natural slaves for according to Aristotle. That is a man's natural condition in which he does his best work. But Aristotle also thinks of nature as something fixed and immutable and therefore sanctions the institution of slavery which assumes that young men are that they will always be and sets up an artificial barrier to their ever becoming anything else. We see in Aristotle's defense of slavery how the conception of nature.

Aristotle Greece superintendent
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

07:12 min | 1 year ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"Government. when there is in the state one man of transcendent virtue at the same time Aristotle always homes that absolute government is not properly political. That government is not like the rule of a Shepherd over his sheep, but the rule of equals over equals. He admits that the Democrats are right in insisting that equality is a necessary element in this state though. He thinks they do not admit the importance of other equally necessary elements. Hence, he comes to say that ruling and being ruled over by turns is an essential feature of constitutional government, which he admits as an alternative to aristocracy. The end of the state which is to be the standard of the distribution of political power is conceived sometimes as a good for the apprehension home entertainment of which virtue is necessary and sufficient and sometimes as a more complex good which needs for its attainment not own a virtue but wealth and equality. This latter conception is the principle on which the mixed Constitution is based. This and its distribution of political power gives some way to Virtue some to wealth and some to Mere number but the principle of rule and being ruled by turns is not really compatible with an unmodified principle of tools to those who can use them. Aristotle is right in seeing that political government demands equality not in the sense that all members of the state should be equal in ability or should have a power but in the sense that none of them can properly be regarded simply as tools with which the legislator works that each has a right to say what will be made of his own life. The analogy between the legislator and the Craftsman on which Plato insists breaks down because the legislator is dealing with men like himself off and who can to some extent conceive their own end in life and cannot be treated merely as means to the end of the legislator. The sense of the value of ruling and being ruled in turn is derived from the experience that the ruler may use his power to subordinate the lives of our citizens of the state not to the common good but to his own private purposes. In modern terms, it is a simple rough-and-ready attempt to solve that constant problem of politics how efficient government is to be combined with popular control. This problem arises from the imperfection of human nature a parent in rulers as well as in ruled and if the principal which attempts to solve it be admitted as a principal of importance in the formation of the best Constitution, then the starting point of politics will be man's actual imperfection not his ideal nature. Instead then of beginning with a state which would Express man's ideal nature and adapting it as well as maybe two mans actual shortcomings from that ideal. We must recognize that the state and all political Machinery are as much the expression of man's weakness as of his ideal possibilities. The state is Possible only because men have common aspirations but government and political power the existence of officials who are given authority to act in the name of the whole state are necessary because men's Community is imperfect because man's sexual nature expresses itself in conflicting ways in The Clash of interests the Rivalry of parties and the struggle of glasses instead of in the united seeking after a common good Plato and Aristotle were familiar with the legislator who was called in by the whole people and they tended therefore to take the general will or common consent of the people for granted. Most political questions are concerned with the construction and expression of the general will and with attempts to ensure that the political Machinery made to express the general will shall not be exploited for private or sectional ends. Aristotle's mixed Constitution Springs from a recognition of sectional interests in the state for the proper relation between the claims of virtue wealth and numbers is to be based not upon their relative importance in the good life, but upon the strength of the parties, which they represent. The mixed Constitution is practicable in a state where the middle class is strong as only the middle class can mediate between the rich and the poor dead. The mixed Constitution will be stable if it represents the actual balance of power between different classes in the state. When we come to Aristotle's analysis of existing constitutions, we find that while he regards them as imperfect approximations to the ideal. He also thinks of them as the result of the struggle between classes. Democracy he explains is the government not of the many but of the poor oligarchy a government not of the few but of the the ridge. And each class is sort of not as trying to express an ideal but a struggling to acquire power or maintain its position. If ever the class existed in unredeemed nakedness it was in the Greek cities of the fourth century.

Aristotle principal Plato Constitution Springs
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

03:50 min | 1 year ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"Further the belief that the constitution of a state is only the outward expression of the common aspirations and beliefs of its members explains the Paramount wage political importance, which Aristotle assigns to education. It is the great instrument by which the legislator can ensure that the future citizens of his state will share those common beliefs which make the state possible. The Greeks with their small states had a far clear apprehension, then we can have of the dependence of a constitution upon the people who have to work it off. Such as in brief the attitude in which Aristotle approaches political problems, but in working out its application to men and institutions as they are off Aristotle admits certain compromises, which are not really consistent with it. 1 Aristotle thinks of membership of a state as community in pursuit of the good he wishes to confine membership in it to those who are capable of that pursuit in the highest and most explicit manner. His citizens. Therefore must be men of leisure capable of rational thought upon the end of life. He does not recognize the significance of that unless conscious but deep-seated membership of the state which Finds Its expression in loyalty and patriotism. His definition of citizen includes only a small part of the population of any Greek City. He is forced to admit that the state is not possible without the cooperation of men whom he will not admit to membership in it either because they are not capable a sufficient rationale appreciation of political ends. Like The Barbarians who me thought were natural slaves.

Aristotle Greek City
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

06:13 min | 1 year ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"In the laws Plato represents one of the persons of the dialogue as having been asked by the people of Cortina to draw Applause for a colony which they were founding. The situation described must have occurred frequently in actual life. The Greeks. Administration should be Democratic and lawmaking the work of experts. We think more naturally of lawmaking as the special right of the people and administration as necessarily confined to experts. Aristotle's politics then is a handbook for the legislator. The expert who is to be called in when a state wants help. We have called him a strong doctor. It is one of the most Market characteristics of Greek political theory that Plato and Aristotle think of the Statesman as one who has knowledge of what ought to be done and can help those who call him in to prescribe for them rather than one who has power to control the forces of society. The desire of society for the statesman's advice is taken for granted. Plato in the Republic says that a good Constitution is only possible when the ruler does not want to rule. We're Men contend for power where they have not learned to distinguish between the art of getting hold of the Helm of state and the Art of steering which alone is statesmanship true politics is impossible. With this position much that Aristotle has to say about government is an agreement. He assumes the characteristic platonic view that all men seek the good and go wrong through ignorance. Not through evil will home. So he naturally regards the state as a community which exists for the sake of the good life. It is in the state that that common seeking after the good which is the profoundest truth about men and nature becomes explicit and knows it's off. The state is for Aristotle prior to the family and the village although it succeeds them in time for only when the state took its conscious organization is reached can man understand the secret of his past struggles after something he knew not what If primitive Society is understood in the light of the state, the state is understood in the light of its most perfect form when the good life to which all societies are seeking is realized in its perfection. Hence for Aristotle as for Plato the Natural State or the state as such is the ideal state is the starting point of political worry in accordance with the same line of thought imperfect States. Although called perversions are regarded by Aristotle the result rather of misconception and ignorance than of perverse will They all represent. He says some kind of Justice. Oligarchs and Democrats go wrong in their conception of the good. They have come short of the perfect State through misunderstanding of the end or through ignorance of the proper means to the end. But if they are states at all, they embody some common conception of the good some common aspirations of all their members. The Greek doctrine that the essence of the state consists in community of purpose is the counterpart of the notion often held in modern times that the essence of the state is force. The existence of force is for Plato and Aristotle a sign not of the state but of the state's failure it comes from the struggle between conflicting misconceptions of the good. Insofar as men conceived the good rightly. They are united. The state represents their common agreement force their failure to make that agreement complete. The Cure there for a political ills is knowledge of the good life and the Statesman is he who has such knowledge for that alone can give match what they are always seeking if the state is the organization of men seeking a common good power and political position must be given to those who can forward this end. This is the principle expressed in Aristotle's account of political Justice the principle of tools to those who can use them. as the aim of the state is differently conceived the qualifications for government will vary In the ideal state power will be given to the man with most knowledge of the good in other states to the men who are most truly capable of achieving that end which the citizens have set themselves to pursue. The Justice distribution of political power is that in which there is least waste of political ability..

Plato the Natural State Aristotle Plato
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

04:38 min | 1 year ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"You may as well know how to make the best of it. In this way the politics though. It defines the state in the light of its ideal discusses States and institutions as they are. Ostensibly it is merely a continuation of the ethics. But it comes to treat political questions from a purely political standpoint. This combination of idealism and respect for the teachings of experience constitutes in some ways the strength and the value of the politics, but it also makes it harder to follow. The large nation-states to which we are accustomed make it difficult for us to think that the state could be constructed and modeled to express the good life. We can appreciate Aristotle's critical analysis of constitutions, but find it hard to take seriously his advice to the legislator. Moreover the idealism and the empiricism of the politics are never really reconciled by Aristotle himself. It may help to an understanding of the politics if something is said on these two points. We are accustomed since the growth of the Historical Method to the belief that states are not made but grow and are apt to be impatient with the belief which Aristotle and Plato show in the powers of the lawgiver. But however, true the maximum maybe of the modern nation-state it was not true of the much smaller and more self-conscious Greek City. When Aristotle talks of the legislator he is not talking in the air. Students of the academy had been actually called on to give new constitutions to Creek States. For the Greeks the Constitution was not merely as it is. So often with us a matter of political Machinery. It was regarded as a way of life. Further the Constitution within the framework of which the ordinary process of administration and passing of decrees went on was always regarded as the work off of a special man or body of men the lawgivers. If we study Greek history, we find that the position of the legislator corresponds to that assigned to him by Plato and Aristotle. All Greek States except those perversions which Aristotle criticizes as being above law worked under rigid Constitution wage, and the Constitution was only changed when the whole people gave a commission to a lawgiver to drop a new one. The lawgiver was not an ordinary politician. He was a state doctor called in to prescribe for an ailing Constitution. So Herodotus recounts that when the people of Cyrene asks the Oracle of Delphi to help them in their dissensions the Oracle told them go to men tonea and the mountain aliens let them demonax who acted as a set her straight and Drew up a new constitution for Cyrene. So again, the Malaysians Herodotus tells us we're long troubled by civil Discord till they asked help from parents and the parents age ten Commissioners who gave melita's a new constitution. So the Athenians when they were founding their model New Colony at 3, I'd employed hippodamus of.

Aristotle Herodotus Plato Greek City Creek States melita Delphi Drew
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

07:15 min | 1 year ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"The politics of Aristotle is the second part of A Treatise of which the ethics is the first part. It looks back to the ethics as the ethics looks forward to the politics for Aristotle did not separate as we are inclined to do the Spheres the Statesman and the moralist. In the ethics, he has described the character necessary for the good life. But that life is for him essentially to be lived in society. And when in the last chapters of the ethics, it comes to the practical application of his inquiries that finds expression not in moral exhortation address off the individual but in a description of the legislative opportunities of the Statesman It is the legislators task to frame a society. Which shall make the good life possible. Politics for Aristotle is not a struggle between individuals or classes for power nor device for getting done. Such Elementary tasks long as the maintenance of order and security without too great encroachments on individual liberty. The state is a community of well-being and families and aggregations of families for the sake of a perfect and self sufficing life. The legislator is a Craftsman whose material is society. And whose aim is the good life. In an early dialogue of Plato's the protagoras Socrates asks protagoras why it is not as easy to find teachers of virtue of job. It is to find a teacher's of swordsmanship riding or any other art. Protagoras is answer is that there are no special teachers have hurt you because the virtue is taught by the whole community. Plato and Aristotle, both accept the view of moral education implied in this answer. In a passage of the Republic Plato repudiates the notion that the sophists have a corrupting moral influence upon young men. The public themselves. He says are the real sophists and the most complete and thorough educators. No private education can hold out against the irresistible force of public opinion and the ordinary moral standards of society. But that makes it all the more essential that public opinion and social environment should not be left to grow up at haphazard as they ordinarily do month. But should be made by the wise legislator the expression of the good and be informed in all their details by his knowledge. The legislator is the only possible teacher of virtue such a program for A Treatise on government might lead us to expect in the politics mainly a description of a Utopia or ideal state which might Inspire poets or philosophers, but have a little direct effect upon political institutions. Plato's Republic is obviously impracticable for its author had turned away in despair from existing politics. He has no proposals in that dialogue at least for making the best of things as they are. The first lesson his philosopher has to learn is to turn away from this world of becoming and Decay and to look upon the unchanging Eternal world of ideas. Thus his ideal city is as he says a pattern laid up in heaven by which the just man-made rule his life a pattern therefore in the mean time. I'm for the individual and not for the Statesman. It is a city. He admits in the laws for God's or the children of God's Not to ferment as they are. Aristotle has none of the high enthusiasm or poetic imagination of Plato. He is even unduly impatient of Plato's idealism as is shown by the criticisms in the second book. But he has a power to see the possibilities of good in things that are imperfect and the patience of the true politician who has learned that if he would make men with ought to be he must take them as he finds them. His ideal is constructed not of pure reason or poetry but from careful and sympathetic study of a wide range of facts. His criticism of Plato in the light of history in book two chapter five though as a criticism it is curiously inapt Reveals His Own attitude admirably. Let us remember that we should not disregard the experience of Ages. In the multitude of years these things if they were good would certainly not have been unknown for almost everything has been found out. Although sometimes they are not put together. In other cases men do not use the knowledge which they have. Aristotle and his constitutions had made a study of 158 constitutions of the states of his day and the fruits of that study wage are seen in the continual reference to concrete political experience, which makes the politics in some respects a critical history of the workings of the institutions of the Greek city-state. In books for five and six the ideal State seems far away and we find a dispassionate survey of imperfect States off the best ways of preserving them and an analysis of the causes of their instability. It is as though Aristotle were saying I have shown you the proper and normal type of Constitution. But if you will not have it and insist on living under a perverted form.

Plato Aristotle Protagoras
Understanding Complicated Female Friendships

The Chalene Show

05:21 min | 1 year ago

Understanding Complicated Female Friendships

"To start, let's break down the purpose of friendship. Now the first person to do this that I'm aware of anyways or perhaps the most famous person to really break down the purpose and meaning of friendships was aristotle. Couple things that we do know that friendships provide I the first of which is affirmation. So we like having friends because it makes us feel affirmed we like to have people around us who make us feel important make our ideas feel like they're normal. It's a relationship and relationships. We use relationships to know that we are significant that we matter there were doing things right? There were normal. This I very basic level of Wyatt is we desire friendships can also give us some indication of why friendships can often become toxic or why friendships are often revered or looked at in such a way like they have more power than what they really should have because I mean before we go much further if we're looking to another person. For affirmation, if we need to know the worst significant because of how we define our relationship with somebody else we're already in big trouble we've moved way too far away from God's Love I mean it's really we don't need affirmation. From anyone else to be worthy to be significant to know that we're lovable and I. Know That's easier said than done. It's hard to feel as though you are lovable. It is hard to feel as though you are worthy if it doesn't feel like other people are giving you that assurance but the bottom line is the more you need that from other people the more. Desperate, and needy. You are going to be in friendships. All right. Let's move on. We also have friendships because they're fun. I mean friends can provide us with. Certain things like your romantic partner cannot of fun. Friend gives you the opportunity to step outside the things that you feel like you have to be in your romantic relationship or the person you have to be on social media or with your children or with your family like it's a way to just kind of let go and have fun and be who you are. Sometimes friendships are the place where we can reconnect with our childhood. You know we can laugh and giggle and be silly and literally have fun. We can step outside of our adult selves for a moment. Friendships can also provide us with clarification guidance. Note some friends actually do that. It's like the place where we check in to know if in fact, our own virtues and beliefs make sense. It's a place for some of us some friendships where we can go to kind of ask questions of ourselves or to hold up a mirror to our own beliefs and our decisions friendships can provide some accountability they are. A way for us to know that we're on the right path, and that is why with some of our friendships, they can from time to time take on almost a mentor ship rule. But when that does happen, the friendship isn't always equal. Now, there are friendships however where the mentorship does go back and forth, and that's what we're GONNA do is we're going to talk about the different levels of friendships. Now. Here's the rub with the different levels of friendships you might define. Insert name of friend. You might define that friendship as being on level one, but that person may define your friendship as being on level three or four, or you may be in flux and you also want to keep in mind that not every friend that you have is going to stay on that level like these levels are pretty organic and that shouldn't say anything about you or them. It just is what it is. So, let's start with the first level of friendship and that is just someone that you know they're not a complete stranger. It's not some was just driving by you their car it's someone you maybe see on a regular basis you wave maybe even know their name new nod at them. When you walk past, you might say, hello, it's the person that you see at the gym. It's the neighbor that you walk past. You know their names you say, hello, how are you today you change pleasantries but you really don't know each other not an intimate level now ps will complicates all of this is freaking social media. I mean, there are people who it's weird I follow them. And I feel like I know them and I actually do know a lot about them and they've written vulnerable posts and they share every part of their life and I know I do this to right and there are people who I follow and I think if I were to see them. They recognize me because I see them all the time. I, follow them on social media. My listen to their podcasts I watched their reality. TV. Show. What have you now if I were to see that person for a split second I think Oh, I, I know that person But. In their mind I'm in the stranger category I'm a complete stranger. I've put them in a different category because I've invested more into knowing that person and they don't know me at all. So there is a perfect example of two people being in two very different categories.

Wyatt Partner
"aristotle" Discussed on KSFO-AM

KSFO-AM

04:31 min | 1 year ago

"aristotle" Discussed on KSFO-AM

"Lord walk as children of light Aristotle said it is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light good reminders to be kinda and extend some grace to each other even people that you may not agree with during this corona virus time for every case of corona virus in the U. S. right now we have lost over one hundred jobs and so different people are suffering in different ways in this situation for a frayed of different things in this situation they're concerned or worried over different things when they may have information that you don't understand or you may have information that they don't understand be kind yelling at people in Walgreens because they cross the blue line of social distancing is not an indication that that person has a problem it's an indication you have a problem your character or lack there of is being revealed by your over dramatization and the way you're acting while you're afraid I understand you're afraid be calm it's gonna be okay we're okay we're gonna make it remake it together and it's a really good time to reassess your character how you react under stress when you squeeze something you find out what's on the inside of it and some of the stuff that's coming out of some folk it'll show pretty right now is they're squeezed so it's okay I mean you can if you disagree with someone on the economy or the economic effects are you disagree with someone on the corona virus right now you can get if this serrated out there yes people will for a lady you are not only on social media but even family members are misbehaving towards each other and some of you owe each other an apology the way you've acted it's shameful be generous be grateful be kind hope is greater than fear and it is more contagious than fear and fear is more contagious than this virus yes and this is a very contagious virus but our body fears are born right now that's for sure Emily is weather's Emily is in Texas I am only how are you I'm good how are you guys better than we deserve how can we help you today so I imagine you're in college right now and my boyfriend are you are planning on getting married next year when I graduate and I wanted to get your opinion on if you think it's a better idea to rent for a few years or can you go ahead and buy a condo or a townhouse thank you well congratulations what were your degree beyond mechanical engineering what about his until he actually graduated last may and it was in maritime administration so he's already working okay great great career fields for both of you you should be making some very good money do either one of you have any debt find out about that free here just a couple of rock stars very nice that's great well what I would do Mike Mike my children Emily or slightly older than you guys my youngest is twenty eight and if you if you were if I was sitting down with you and your will either one of you were my kid or you were friends of my kids or something like that I would tell you to that you've done amazingly good job and I would take one year of marriage and rant and see how big a pile of cash we can pile up there with their spouse it might amaze you how much you could go with the house and the right after one year of marriage you guys will have different insights into each other that you don't have now and it'll allow you to make a better decision on a house house is a big decision to make with incomplete information and believe me after one year marriage you will know things you don't know now and so you know you can't you know I was joking say it takes a year of marriage know how close your mother in law to.

Aristotle
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

05:42 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"Circumstances <Music> of this world <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> for <Speech_Female> a time however <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> this further <Speech_Female> and higher ideal dion <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <SpeakerChange> is ignored <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> the next <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> book <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> book seven <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> is concerned <Speech_Female> partly with moral <Speech_Female> conditions and <Speech_Female> in <Speech_Female> which the agent <Speech_Female> seems to rise <Speech_Music_Female> above the level <Speech_Music_Female> of moral virtue <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> or <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> fall below that <Speech_Female> of moral <Speech_Music_Female> vice <Speech_Music_Female> but but <Speech_Female> partly <Speech_Female> and more largely <Speech_Female> with conditions <Speech_Female> in which <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> the agent occupies <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> a middle <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> position. <SpeakerChange> <Music> <Advertisement> Between the two <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> Aristotle's <Speech_Female> attention is <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> here directed chiefly <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> towards the phenomena <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> of incontinence <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> weakness <Speech_Female> of well <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> or imperfect <Speech_Music_Female> <SpeakerChange> self off <Music> <Advertisement> control. <Music> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> This condition <Speech_Female> was to the Greeks <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> a matter of only <Speech_Female> two frequent <Speech_Female> experience <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> but it appeared <Speech_Female> to them peculiarly <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> difficult to <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> understand <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> how <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> can a man no <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> what is good or <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> best for him <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> and yet yet <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> chronically <Speech_Female> failed to act <Music> upon his knowledge <Music> <Speech_Female> socrates <Speech_Female> was <Speech_Female> driven to the paradox <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> of denying <Music> <Advertisement> the possibility <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> but the facts are <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> too strong for <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> him. <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> Knowledge of the <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> right rule may be <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> present <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> nay <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> the rightfulness <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> of its authority <SpeakerChange> may <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> be acknowledged <Music> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> and yet <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> time after <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> time <Speech_Female> it may be <Speech_Female> disobeyed <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> the <Speech_Female> will be good God <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> and yet over-mastered <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> by the force <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> of desire <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> so that the <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> act done is <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> contrary to <Speech_Female> the agents well <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> nevertheless <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> the act may <Speech_Female> be the agents <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> had <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> the well therefore <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> divided <SpeakerChange> against <Music> <Advertisement> itself. <Music> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> Aristotle <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> is aware of <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> the seriousness <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> and difficulty <Speech_Music_Female> of the problem <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Female> but in spite of <Speech_Female> the vividness <Speech_Female> with which he pictures <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> and the acuteness <Speech_Female> with which he analyzes <Speech_Female> the <Speech_Female> situation in <Speech_Female> which such <Speech_Music_Female> action occurs. <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> It cannot <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> be said <Music> <Advertisement> that he solves the the <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> problem. <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> It is time <Speech_Female> that he rises <Speech_Female> above the abstract <Speech_Female> view of it. <Speech_Female> As a conflict <Speech_Female> <SpeakerChange> between <Speech_Music_Female> reason and <Speech_Music_Female> passion <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> recognizing <Speech_Female> that passion <Speech_Female> is involved <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> in the <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> knowledge which in <Speech_Female> conduct prevails <Speech_Music_Female> <SpeakerChange> or <Speech_Music_Female> is over Bourne <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> and that the force <Speech_Female> which leads to <Speech_Music_Female> the wrong act <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> is not <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> blind or <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> ignorant passion <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> but always <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> has <SpeakerChange> some reason <Music> <Advertisement> in it <Music> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> but <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> he tends to lapse <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> back into <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> abstraction <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> and his final <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> account is <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> perplexed <SpeakerChange> and ended <Music> obscure <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> he finds <Speech_Female> the source of the phenomenon <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> in the nature <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> of the desire <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> for bodily <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> pleasures <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> which which <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> is not a rational <Speech_Male> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> but as something <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> rational in it <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <SpeakerChange> such <Speech_Female> pleasures are <Speech_Music_Female> not necessarily <Speech_Music_Female> or inherently <Speech_Music_Female> bad <Speech_Female> as has sometimes <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> been maintained <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> on <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> the contrary <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> they are good <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Female> but only in <Speech_Female> certain amounts <Speech_Female> or <Speech_Female> under certain conditions <Speech_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> so <Speech_Female> that the whale is <Speech_Female> often misled <Speech_Female> <Speech_Male> hesitates <Music>

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

03:07 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"The form of the thinking which enters into conduct is that which terminates donates in the production of a rule which declares some means to the end of life. The process presupposes a in a clear and just apprehension of the nature of that end such as the ethics itself endeavors to supply be be a correct perception of the conditions of At least is impossible except to a man whose character has been duly formed by discipline. It arises only a man who has acquired moral virtue you for such action and feeling as forms bad character blinds the eye of the soul and corrupts the moral principle and the place of practical wisdom is taken by that parody of itself which Aristotle calls cleverness the wisdom system of the unscrupulous man of the world thus true practical wisdom had true. Goodness of character are interdependent. Interdependent neither is genuinely possible or completely present without the other. This is Aristotle's close contribution to the discussion of the question so central in Greek moral philosophy of the relation of the intellectual and the passionate factors in conduct. Aristotle is not an intuition EST but he recognizes is is the implication in conduct of a direct and immediate apprehension. Both of the end of the character of his circumstances under which it is from moment to moment realized the directness of such apprehension makes it analogous to sensation or sense perception but it is on his view in the end due to the existence or activity and man of that power in in him which is the highest thing in his nature and akin to or identical with the divine nature. Mind mind or intelligence. Is this what reveals to us. What is best for us? The ideal of a Happiness which is the object of our real wish and the goal of all our efforts but beyond and above off the practical ideal of what is best for man begins to show itself another and still higher ideal that that of a life not distinctively human or in a narrow sense practical yet capable of being participated in by man then even under the actual.

Aristotle
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

06:26 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"It is a permanent state of the agents self whereas we might in modern phrase put it of his will. It consists in a steady self-imposed obedience to a rule rule of action in certain situations which frequently recur in human life. The rule prescribes the control troll and regulation within limits of the agents natural impulses to act and feel thus and thus the situations fall into groups which constitute the fields of the several moral virtues for each. There is a rule ooh conformity to which secures rightness in the individual acts thus the moral ideal appears as the code of rules accepted by the agent. But as yet to him without rational justification and without system or unity but the rules prescribe no mechanical uniformity each within its limits permits variety variety. And the exactly right amount adopted to the requirements of the individual situation and every actual situation Russian is individual must be determined by the intuition up the moment. There is no attempt to reduce the rich possibilities disabilities of right action to a single monotonous type on the contrary there are acknowledged to beat many forms of moral virtue and there is a long list of them with their correlative vices and numerous aided the doctrine of the mean here takes a form in which it has impressed subsequent thinkers but which has less importance than on is usually ascribed to end in the table of the virtues in devices each of the virtues is flanked by two opposite visit vices which are respectively the excess and defect of that which in due measure constitutes the virtue. Aristotle's tries to show that this is the case in regard to every virtue named and recognized as such but his treatment treatment is often forced and the endeavor is not very successful except as convenient principle of arrangement of of the fairies forms of praise worthy or blameworthy characters generally acknowledged as such by Greek opinion. This form of the doctrine is of no great significance. Books three to five are occupied with a survey of the moral virtues and fi says the seemed to happen undertaken in order to verify in detail the general account but this is not kept steadily in view nor is there any well considered principle of classification. What we find is a sort of portrait gallery of the various types of moral plants which the Greeks of the author's age admired heard and strove to encourage the discussion is full of acute interesting and sometimes profound observations? Some of the types are those which are and will be admired at all times but others are connected with peculiar your features of Greek life which have now passed away. The most important is that of justice or the just that man to which we may later return but the discussion is preceded by an attempt to elucidate some difficult and obscure points in the general account of moral virtue and action in book. Three chapters one to five this section is concerned with the notion of responsibility the discussion decidedly excludes what we may call call the metaphysical issues of the problem which here present themselves it moves on the level of thought of the practical man Dan The statesman and the legislator coercion and ignorance of relevant circumstances render acts involuntary free and exempt. They're doer from responsibility. Otherwise the act is voluntary and the agent responsible choice or preference of what is done and in her consent to the deed art to be presumed neither passion nor ignorance. Silence of the right rule can extenuated responsibility but there is a difference between acts done voluntarily and ax done of set choice or purpose. The latter imply deliberation deliberation involves thinking. You thinking out means to ends in deliberate acts. The whole nature of the agent consents to and enters into the act act and in a peculiar sense. They are his they are him in action and the most significant evidence of what what he is. Aristotle is unable holy to avoid allusion to the metaphysical difficulties and what he he does hearsay upon them is obscure and unsatisfactory but he insists upon the importance in moral action. The agents in our consent and on the reality of his individual responsibility for his present purpose piss the metaphysical difficulties.

Aristotle Dan The
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

11:44 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"In what what then does happiness consist. Aristotle summarily sets aside the more or less popular identifications of it with a bundle of physical pleasures with political power and honor with the mere possession of such superior gifts or attainments as normally entitled men to these with wealth. None of these can constitute suit the end or good of man. As such. On the other hand he rejects his master. Plato's conception of good which is the end of the whole universe or at least dismisses it as a relevant to his present inquiry the good towards which all human desires and practical activities are directed must be one conformable to man's man's special nature and circumstances and attainable. By his efforts there is in Aristotle's theory are- of human conduct no trace of Plato's otherworldliness he brings the moral ideal In Bacon sprays down to write earth and so closer to the facts and problems of actual human living turning from criticism of others. He states his own positive view of happiness and though he avowedly states. It's it merely an outline. His account is pregnant with significance. Human happiness lies in activity or energizing organizing and that in a way peculiar to man with his given nature and his given circumstances it is not the era goal but practical. It is the activity not of reason but still of a being who possesses reason and applies it and it presupposes in that being the development and not merely the natural possession of certain relevant vint powers and capacities the last is the prime condition of successful living and therefore of satisfaction but aristotle does not ignore other conditions such as length of life. Wealth and. Good luck walk. The absence or Jimmy. Nutrition of which renders happiness. It's not impossible but difficult of attainment. It is interesting to compare this account of happiness with mills in utilitarianism. Mills is much watch the less consistent at times he distinguishes and Times he identifies happiness pleasure contentment sentiment and satisfaction he wavers between belief in its general attainability and an absence of hopefulness. He mixes up in an arbitrary way. Such ingredients has not expecting more from life than it is capable of bestowing mental cultivation improved laws et Cetera and in fact leave the whole conception vague blurred and uncertain aristotle draws the outline with the firmer hand and presents a more definite ideal he allows for the influence on happiness of conditions. Only partly if at all within the control of man but he clearly makes the man positive determinant of Man's happiness he himself and more particularly in what he makes directly of his own nature and so indirectly of his circumstances dances. tis In ourselves that we are thus or US but once more this does not involve often artificial or abstract isolation of the individual moral agent from his relation to other persons order things from his context in society and nature nor ignore the relative dependence of his life life upon a favorable environment the main factor which determine success or failure in human life in the acquisition of certain powers for happiness is just the exercise or putting forth of these in actual living everything else is secondary and subordinate. These powers arise from the do development of certain certain natural aptitudes which belong in various degrees to human nature as such and therefore to. Aw Aw normal. Human beings in their developed form. They are known as virtues. The the Greek means simply goodness per affections excellences or fitness says some some of them are physical but others are psychical and among the latter some and these distinctly or peculiarly. Human men are rational. I E presuppose the possession and exercise of mind or intelligence these last fall into two groups which aristotle distinguishes as goodness of intellect and goodness of character character. They have in common that they all excited us. Admiration and praise of their possessors. And that they are not natural endowments but acquired characteristics but they differ in important weighs one the former are excellences or developed powers the reason as such thaddeus which sees and formulates laws rules regularities systems and discontent and the vision of them while the latter involve a submission or obedience to such rules of something in us which is itself capricious and regular but capable of regulation our instincts and feelings to the former are acquired by study and instruction the latter by discipline the latter constitute character each of them as a moral virtue literally a goodness of character so and upon them primarily depends the realization of happiness. This is the case at least for the great majority of men an and for all man their possession is an indispensable basis of the best that is the most desirable life life. They formed the chief or central subject matter of the ethics. Perhaps the truest way of of conceiving aristotle's meaning here is to regard a moral virtue as a form of obedience to a maximum or rule of conduct. DOC accepted by the agent as valid for a class of recurrent situations in human life. Such obedience requires knowledge of the rule and acceptance of it as the raw of the agent's own actions but not necessarily early knowledge of its ground or of its systematic connection with other similarly known and similarly accepted rules. It may be remarked that the Greek word usually translated reason means in almost all cases in the ethics wchs such a rule and not the faculty which apprehend formulates or considers them the moral virtues and vices. Make up what we call character and the important questions arise one what is character and to. How is it? Formed for character in this. Sense is not a natural natural endowment it is formed or produced aristotle deals with these questions in the reverse order. His answers are peculiar and distinctive. Not that they are absolutely novel for. They are anticipated in Plato. But that by him they are for the first time distinctly and clearly formulated one and character. Good or bad is produced by what Aerostat all calls habitation that is is. It is the result of the repeated. Doing of acts which have a similar or common quality such repetition acting being upon natural aptitudes or propensities gradually fixes them in one or other of two opposite directions giving giving them a bias towards good or evil hence the several acts which determined goodness or badness of character must be done in a certain way and thus the formation of good character requires discipline and direction from without and not that the agent himself contributes nothing to the formation of his character but then at first he needs guidance. The point is not so much that the process cannot be safely left to nature but that it cannot be entrusted to merely intellectual all instruction. The process is one of assimilation largely by imitation and under direction and control. The result is growing understanding of what is done a choice of it for its own sake a fixity city and a steadiness of purpose right acts and feelings become through habit. Easier and more pleasant isn't and the doing of them a second.

Aristotle Plato Mills Times US Aerostat Jimmy thaddeus
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

01:38 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"To no it is not merely a matter of speculative interest it is of the highest practical moment for only in the light of it can life be duly guided and particularly only so can the state be properly organized and administered. This explains the stress laid throughout by Greek moral philosophy upon the necessity of knowledge as a condition of the best. I live this knowledge is not that would include knowledge of the nature of man and his circumstances it is knowledge of what is best of Man's supreme end or good but this end is not conceived conceived as presented to him by a superior power nor even as something which ought to be the the presentation of the moral ideal as duty is almost absent from the outset. It is identified with the object Ktar desire of what we not merely judge desirable but actually do desire or that which ward Loyd if realized satisfy human desire in fact it is what we all wise and simple simple agree in naming happiness welfare.

ward Loyd
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

02:47 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"As we pointed out above the program book one is a prelude to the treatment of the whole subject covered by the ethics and the politics together it sets forth the purpose of the inquiry describes the spirit in which it is to be undertaken and what ought to be the expectation the reader and lastly states the necessary conditions of studying it with prophet the aim of it is the acquisition and propagation of a certain kind of knowledge science but this knowledge and the thinking which brings it about our subsidiary to a practical end. The knowledge aimed at is what is best for man and of the conditions editions of its realization. Such knowledge is that which in its consummate form. We find in great statesman enabling them to organize and administer their states and to regulate by law the life of the citizens to their advantage and happiness but it is the same kind of knowledge which on a smaller scale secure success in the management of the family or of private life. It is characteristic of such knowledge that it should be deficient in exactness in precision of statement and closeness of logical concatenation. We must not look for mathematics of conduct. The subject matter of human conduct is not governed by necessary and uniform laws but but this does not mean that it is subject to no laws there are general principles at work in it and these can be formulated related in rules which rules can be systematized or unified. It is all important to remember that had practical or moral rules are only general and always admit of exceptions and that they are is not from the mirror. Complexity of the facts but from the liability of the facts was certain unpredictable variation at at the very best practical rules state probabilities not certainties are relative constancy of connection Russian is all that exists but it is enough to serve as a guide.

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

04:06 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"Especially. He has investigated the various Admirable forms of human character and the mode of their production. But all this though it brings more clearly before us what goodness or virtue is and how it is to be reached remains mere theory or talk by itself it does not enable us to become or to help others to become good for this it is necessary to bring into play. The Great Force of the political community or state of which the main instrument is law hence arises the demand for the necessary complement to the ethics I e a treatise devoted to the questions which center round the the inquiry by what Organization of social or political forces by what laws or institutions. Can we best secure the greatest amount of good character. We must however remember that the production of of good character is not the end of either individual or state action. That is the aim of the one in and the other because good character is the indispensable condition and the chief determinant of happiness itself the Call Hall of all human doing the end of all action individual or collective is the greatest latest happiness of the greatest number there is aristotle insists no difference of kind between the good of one and the good of many or all the sole difference is one of amount or scale this does not mean simply that the state exists to secure in large measure the objects of degree which the isolated individual attemps obs- but his too feeble to secure without it on the contrary it rather insists that whatever goods society society alone enables a man to secure have always had to the individual whether he realized it or not the value view which when so secured he recognizes them to possess the best and happiest life for the individual. Joel is that which the state renders possible and this it does mainly by revealing to him the value of new objects objects of desire and educating him to appreciate them to aristotle or to Plato. The state is his above. Aw Aw large. And powerful educative agency which gives the individual increased opportunities of self development and greater capacities for the enjoyment of life looking forward than to the life of the state as that which aids support and combines the efforts of the individual to obtain happiness aristotle draws no oh hard and fast distinction between the spheres of action of man as individual and man as citizen nor nor does the division of his discussion into the ethics and the politics rest upon any such distinction. The distinction implied is rather between two stages in the life of the civilised man the stage of preparation for the full life of the.

aristotle Joel Organization of social
"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

Boring Books for Bedtime

04:33 min | 2 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Boring Books for Bedtime

"Both deal with one and the same subject. This subject is what Aristotle calls in one place the philosophy of human affairs but more frequently political or social science in the two works taken together we have their authors whole theory of human conduct or practical activity. Nobody that is off all human activity which is not directed merely to knowledge or truth. The two parts of his treatise are mutually complementary but in a literary sense each is independent and self contained. The problem to the ethics is an introduction to the whole subject not merely to the first part the last chapter Europe the ethics points forward to the politics and sketches for that part of the treatise the order of inquiry to be pursued an order which in the actual treat is is not adhered to the principle of distribution of the subject. Matter between the two he works is far from obvious and has been much debated not much can be gathered from their titles which chewed any case. We're not given to them by their author nor do these titles suggest any very compact unity in the works to which they they are applied the plural forms which survive so oddly in English ethics and politics six were intended to indicate the treatment within a single work of a group of connected questions the unity of the first. I group arises from their centering around the topic of character that of the second from their connection with the existence and life in the city or state we have thus to regard the ethics as dealing with one group of problems and the politics ticks with a second both falling within the wide compass of political science. Each of these groups falls into subgroups subgroups which roughly correspond to the several books in each work the tendency to take one by one. The various problems problems which had suggested themselves in the wide field obscures both the unity of the subject matter and its proper articulation Shen but it is to be remembered that what is offered us is a valid Louis rather an inquiry than an exposition of hard and fast doctrine. Nevertheless each work aims at a relative completeness and it is important to observe the relation of each to the other. The distinction is not that one treats moral and the other of political philosophy. You know again that. The one deals with the moral activity of the individual and the other with that of the state nor once more that the one gives us the theory of Human Conduct while the other discusses its application in practice though. Not all of these misinterpretations are equally around. Yes the clue to the right. Interpretation is given and by Aristotle himself where in the last chapter of the ethics he is paving the way for the politics in the ethics. He has not confined himself to the abstract or isolated individual but as always thought of of him or we might say in his social and political context with the given nature due to race and heredity and and in certain surroundings so viewing him. He has studied the nature and formation of his character all that he can make himself or be made by.

Aristotle Louis Europe Shen
"aristotle" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind

Stuff To Blow Your Mind

03:08 min | 3 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind

"So going back to Aristotle in his three hundred sixty e work problem atom or the problems Aristotle actually gives the earliest description, I'm aware of deep diving technology, and so this is going to be version of the diving bell. And he's talking about divers who fish for sponges on the seafloor, and he discusses all kinds of weird practices. These divers use to make the deep more tolerable and these include fastening sponges around their ears or cutting slits in their own ears and nostrils and in this section Aristotle writes that quote in order that these fishers of sponges may be supplied with a facility of respiration. A kettle is let down to them not filled with water but with air, which constantly assists. The submerged man, it is forcibly kept upright in its descent in order that it may be sent down at an equal level all around to prevent the air from escaping and the water from entering now. If you never played this game in the bath as a kid, you can make a simple diving bell just by taking a Cup or bowl or something and turning it upside down, and then pressing it straight down into the water and not letting it wobble. And what it'll do is it'll keep a bubble of air trapped under. Neath the Cup. And you could if you were a tiny divers swim up in there or stay in there and breathe down at the bottom. But this comes with a lot of risks. Right. Like, if it gets tipped over slightly, the air can escape, and and of course, you're still going to be dealing with all kinds of weird pressure problems. Yeah. This is this is one of those things that we we all experiment with in the bathtub. I feel I I've I've my my son doing this as well. But he has not reached the conclusion. Hey, why don't we take one of these the ocean? But I can I can imagine that this idea has been around as long as we've had bowls essentially as long as we've had even just coconut husks or something to that effect. Yeah. It's hard to know for sure because Aerostat will doesn't make it clear who invented this technique when he doesn't make it clear. How long it's been around or how common it was. He just mentions that some divers can do this. So we don't know where it comes from. Or how far it was taken in the ancient world. But here is a really weird connection. I came across according to mediaeval legend Aristotle's student Alexander. The great was his own kind of great undersea adventure and pioneer of the school of Gilgamesh. Robert had you ever come across the the Alexander, the great as deep sea explorer before I don't believe I had though the William Beebe makes reference to it in his book half mile down. Yeah. So there are a lot of versions of this legend, and to be very clear, these are pretty much definitely false. Maybe some versions of them are inspired by something that roughly happen, but but as told they're definitely false. So the oldest version I think is the one about how while Alexander the great was laying siege to the city of tear in Lebanon. He had divers swimming underwater to either remove or to put in place, boom defenses..

Aristotle Cup Alexander Aerostat William Beebe school of Gilgamesh Lebanon Robert
"aristotle" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind

Stuff To Blow Your Mind

02:02 min | 3 years ago

"aristotle" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind

"All right. We're back. Now, of course, as we said that over time there has been this steady increasing catalogue of some knowledge about undersea life. There's still a lot. We don't know. But we know a lot more than we used to. And one of the earliest major explorations of marine biology was that of Aristotle in the fourth century BC in his biology or this history of of animal life, Aristotle got a lot wrong. Like, for example. He said the octopus is a stupid creature for it will approach a man's hand. If it'd be lowered in the water now on the other hand Aristotle for his time. If you consider his limitations got an astonishing amount, right? For example. He correctly determined that whales and dolphins were not fish. And he made lots of other extremely astute classification. So file this away under Aristotle occasionally says things that sound dumb to us. But was not dumb. Yeah. Yeah. I've feel like we've touched on this before on other topics from our vantage point, it's easy to to say, I you really screwed that. Up here, Donald. But really given what he had to work with his his understanding of the natural. World was amazing. Yeah. I just think about Aerostat -als the research methods available to him knowing lot of what he did. He probably he probably got a lot of information by like talking to fisherfolk and stuff like that. But he also I think some people have said, you know, really looks from some of his statements like Aristotle performed dissections. So we must have had some access to specimens. And it's not so easy to always get specimens in the ancient world. Like, how do you collect them? You just like throw some nets. And hope you get some good stuff. Yeah. Especially this is especially important considering the you have other historians and writers of the ancient world who are very much going on second third and fourth hand accounts of what was going on elsewhere in the world. And and that's where we see some of these more ridiculous notions of of even terrestrial monsters and creatures totally. It's like it's through. Glass darkly on in like four ways. Right..

Aristotle Donald