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Hollywood's Obsession With Mexico
This message comes from NPR sponsor. Comcast business. Business has always been driven by innovators. That's why Comcast business is helping you with technology that provides better experiences. Comcast business beyond fast. If you're a Hollywood movie fan, you might think that Mexican film is going through a golden age. Four out of five. The most recent best director Oscars have gone to Mexican directors. Yes. It goes to L phone soak per of a hundred g come through the air Modell, Toro and this year, Roma. John's latest film shot in Mexico City is tied for the most Academy Award nominations. Roma is groundbreaking in many ways, it is the rare foreign language film to be nominated for best picture and you'll eat up Decio. The star of the film is the first indigenous let the actress to be nominated in the best actress category, but NewsRadio his latest book made in Mexico Hollywood, south of the border proves Hollywood relationship with Mexico goes way further back than these five years. In fact, it goes all the way back to the Mexican revolution. From NPR and for doodo media is Latino USA. I'm Antonia say he though in for Monday Hosa today made in Mexico a look into the long and surprising history of Hollywood south of the border. To learn more about that history. I spoke to author Louis radius. When did you become a film scholar? When I was a kid growing up in New York used to go to all the movies all the time, and I used to collect movie photos and movie posters. Lease race was a Puerto Rican kid grew up in New York City, Audrey and tenth street and Broadway between Broadway Amsterdam right down the street from Columbia University. But as soon as he was old enough. He went out west. Once in California, he became a publicist in Hollywood. And since we spoke Spanish movie studios. Started to court him to help bring in the growing. Let the next audience. What was like the first let the film you worked on. Well, you know, it's actually Zoot suit. The started the very meaning of the word due to all it is for you guys. Another way to say Mexican without insulting your allies south of the border. You worked on with every James almost correct? And we became lifelong friends. We're still friends. Yeah. And I did stand into liver Duff on demand of guys deep fried chicken for living wanna wing relate, man. Because again, we were pushing the Latino the US Latino market, which at that time was really it totally ignored the more time new spent working on Hollywood movies. The more time he spent in Mexico, he stayed in new Ranga while he was the publicist for the two thousand six film by nita's, starring Salma Hayek, and Penelope Cruz by the money stays all of you know, it. Yes, it does. The film was shot in Durango Mexico while he was down there. He started to hear stories about other Hollywood films, though were also filmed in Mexico impressed me more than anything else is exchange of talent and the number of films that were shot there. Now more than a decade later race has written a book about Hollywood in Mexico. I have to go dig for this information because no one had ever documented any of this. I sat down with Reese to talk about his book made in Mexico Hollywood south of the border. U S production has happened in Mexico since the Mexican revolution. I mean that part of the book totally shocked me, I did not know any of that history. Oh, correct. I mean, it all kind of all came together at the same time. The time punch via was the most famous Mexican on the scene because of his exploits and for a abandoned turned revolutionary hero. He had an uncanny sense of the camera. I mean, one of the reasons is named lives on to today is because there are thousands of photographs of punch villa and he was in all the media. I mean of the time I mean newspapers he photographed himself with everybody in your book, you say that the first Hollywood production in Mexico was actually the steel that was between w Griffith. Who's the director of the infamous and racist? Nineteen fifteen film the birth of an. In that depicts the KKK as American heroes. The first deal was between ham and French will via the Mexican revolutionary d w Griffith's wanted to make a movie about bunch of his exploits. And he made a deal with bunch of bunch of the needed money at the time. It was five thousand dollars in advance in gold to allow film companies to come down and film, his battles. But the only problem was that those cameras in those days were bulky they were made out of wood and you had to hand crank them. So any Caraman who actually tried to film? A battle was an easy target and run one getting killed. So Royal Walsh who was a pioneering film director zone. Right. He talked bunch of via into staging some of the battles for the cameras when they got back to Hollywood it wasn't enough to do a story around of. So what role walls did was a trained actors? Well, he played the young punch via and they kind of did some scenes here in the San Fernando Valley in ranch, and they kind of dramatized a few things, and then they put all that footage together. And they released it as the life of general via and there was a big hit in its time. But it's a lost film. Now, there's nothing left of there's a few fragments left that have been found, but the whole film as a whole is lost during World War Two. Mexican cinema became a rival of Hollywood with production companies like Chubu SCA, and I I don't even know that in Times Square here, New York, they opened cinemas. Specifically showing Mexican movies that really surprised me? I didn't know that. Yes. Correct. I mean, Mexican movies, you know, mostly the films of Emilio Fernandez. Is also got his semi start here in Hollywood is an extra working in movies and learning about American motion pictures, and how to do motion pictures, it's a legend now. But that's probably pretty true that he even in order to make money while he was here. He posed for Dolores del Rio's husband who was art director MGM he was asked to design the Oscar the Academy Award, and he needed a new model for his idea of what Oscar should look like and Dolores del Rio suggested Emilio Fernandez with that time at a fantastic physique. And is very good looking man. And he went at I he of balked me nude. I don't know DeLores. You know, they they're gonna pay you is it. Okay. And he did it. So maybe the Oscar should be called the Amelia. I don't know. Well, I mean, honestly, Mexico has been dominating the Oscar so much that it might as well be exactly for the past five years. Let's talk about some of the films that you highlight in the book, one of the directors who you mentioned who has spent a lot of time filming in Mexico's John Huston. So how did he use Mexico in his movies, John Houston was one of the first directors to actually film in Mexico? So in the treasure of the Sierra Madre with Humphrey Bogart, which was an Oscar winning film. He took his crew all the way to Mexico to film in the rugged Sierra, Nevada mountains of Mahyco and also in the jungles, and he used Mexico kind of a very in a very gritty story of greed. Okay. And looking for gold, and yes, there are some stereotypes in the Bundy those, but one of those Bundy those became very famous the actor by the name of phone, so but Doria with the famous line badges. We don't need. No stinking badges. Badges? Wayne Gardner verges. We don't need just I don't have to show you on a stink washes. Became so famous from those lines in that movie that he continued a career in American movies, mostly westerns for the rest of his life, John Houston. He's most no now for the filming of the night of the Guana nineteen sixty three which was based on a Tennessee Williams novel. I was just hanging on to the hammock verandah over the rainforest in Stillwater beach at all through and it was shot in the small fishing village of where the Yarra at that time. Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor who had become lovers and Richard Burton was starring in night iguana, but they were both married to other people. So they went to film this movie with John Houston and all the 'paparazzi from all over the world came to photograph them write stories from Puerto Vallarta and led to Puerto Vallarta becoming a world class resort. City that it is today. Coming up on that, you know USA. We learn more about the Hollywood films made in Mexico, including the movie Titanic. Stay with us not. They asked us. Support for this podcast and the following message. Come from Babbel, have you always wanted to speak a new language whether it's for travel, work or brain training. Babbel's ten to fifteen minute lessons will get you. Speaking confidently in your new language, choose from Spanish, French and more you'll learn through real life, dialogues, speech recognition and interactive trainers. And Babbel's space repetition method actually makes you remember what you've learned download the app or go to Babbel, B A B B E L dot com to try babble for free. When Colin Kaepernick stop standing for the national anthem NFL games. It's sparked a nationwide debate about patriotism and police brutality in the next through line. We explore three stories of protests that are rarely told. But essential to understanding the current debate through line the podcast where we go back in time to understand the present. We're back, and we continue our conversation with author of meat in Mexico Hollywood south of the border three. Is you talk about this in the book, Mexico is incredibly geographically diverse. So you have in the south you have jungles. I think Tarzan was filmed in Acapulco. Correct. I ran away from blue. If you have you been danger to and then in the north you have these desert dry areas that have been used for westerns. There were used for westerns like Honjo with John Wayne that was shoddy Karamarko get ready for John Wayne the legend. And then you had durang which is a little bit further north it's high desert and over oh men about one hundred movies, both American and Mexican were shot in Rangel and became famous because of John Wayne along you fan in the state. I don't know. I just got here. People usually let you take your hat off for the villi. The movie that people would probably be most surprised was shot in Mexico is or at least they didn't know is Tanic correct was shot in Rosati dole, Baja California. I see. In a studio there that was built from the ground up civically for the movie and all those people on the ship except for the principal cast, our make connel's they got the most European whitest looking Mexicans that could find for the upper class decks of the motion picture, and the Hugh we have soco's moons. Eighty discordant she designs naughty, lingerie among her many talents, very popular with on the Titanic. And then when Leonardo and rose go down to the steerage and there with the immigrants see wanna go real party. They got the darkest Mexicans to portray of the Greek talian and polish immigrants that were coming to America at that time and Mexican technicians Mexican artists and craftsmen and Mexican assistant directors were. Were invaluable to James Cameron in order to make that motion picture. I had no idea that attack was filmed in Baja. Yes, filmed, right on the beach. They built to use water tanks, right, by the beach. So that when you point the camera in the direction of the horizon, it looks like you're in the middle of the ocean. But you're actually in the tanks because it's very difficult to film in a real ocean. Because of the tides and the movement than the the weather and everything else, but in the tanks, you can control everything. Hey, Leonardo DiCaprio, he started Titanic, which was shot in Mexico. Yeah. Okay. That's the movie that made him a big superstar. Yeah. Well, twenty years later, a Mexican director in retu- got him in Oscar for the revenue as best actor who would lead. Happy OB without Mexico. Exactly. You gotta girl. Okay. So next on the list is specter the JAMES BOND movie, which came out in two thousand fifteen specter, is example of art imitating life for life imitating, art spector is JAMES BOND movie, starring Daniel Craig and the opening sequence of the film takes place in Mexico City during a Utah, mardi gras parade for the day of the dead. Now, if you know anything about Mexico, you know, that mostly day of the dead is celebrated in homes where people make altars where people remember their friends relatives who have passed on or in cemeteries encompass does as they call them. But for the movie, they did this fantastic parade. So what happened was that tourists started coming to Mexico City, and they wanted to see that parade. So Mexico City now has a us David dead parade. When you were doing the research for made in Mexico, what most surprised you exchange of talent and the number of films that were shot there because you can find plenty of books on Latin American cinema. You can find plenty of books on Mexican cinema. But mine is the first book that documents Hollywood films made in Mexico and also the influences of the filmmakers on each other. I mean, we're talking about gear more thorough who last year won the Oscar okay for shape of water. He was inspired by the creature from the black lagoon the movie that he saw. Well, the creature from the black lagoon has its origins in a dinner conversation that the Mexican cinematographer Gabrielle Figaro, I had with the Lord is real and Orson Welles where he talked about this folkloric tale about a half man half fish that the natives sacrifice divergent to every year in order to keep him satisfied into keep the crops and everything and is good standstill that story developed into the movie called the creature from the black lagoon that inspired. The gear Modell Toru movie shape of water. Does feel like a lot of the American movies paint Mexico as this land of both desire and fantasy the westerns can be really violent. And then the beach are always filled with romance. I mean, what do you think about that way in which Mexico has been depicted through film? Most of these movies are made from the Gringo point of view. So very few of these hundred and eighty movies deal with Mexico itself from the Mexican point of view. It's always about gringos or foreigners Europeans going to Mexico. Do you think is a sign of of the relationship changing between Hollywood and Mexico? Yes. It's a Spanish language film financed by net flicks with unknown cast, but it really continues that legacy of films being shot in Mexico by American or Hollywood companies. Thank you so much. I really appreciate you talking to me. And I absolutely love the book, and I'm really excited to share this with you know, USA listeners casino. Threes is the author of made in Mexico Hollywood south of the border, which is out in bookstores now this month Netflix announced that after the success of Roma, and it's show they plan to produce fifty new projects in Mexico making the country. Netflix top international territory. Episode was produced by me and on yesterday. He though an edited by Sofia police car, the Latino USA team includes Marlin Bishop me and must yes. Maggie freeling. Genesee mocha and say, okay, we though with help from my Cueva an additional editing by Alison macadam. Our engineers are Stephanie LeBow and Julia Crusoe production managers. Our interests are Carolina either and Lucas suffered. Our theme music was composed by Sydney Reno's. If you liked the music you heard on this episode stop by letting USA dot org and check out our weekly Spotify playlist and one more thing we love hearing from our listeners, please, please. Please go to your favorite podcast up and rate and review, the USA the comments, right? Keep us motivated and help other listeners find our work. Our executive producer is mighty. I know Cosa join us again next time. And in the meantime, you can find us on social media. Let's see no USA is made possible in part by the John D and Catherine T MacArthur foundation. The Ford Foundation working with visionaries on the frontlines of social change, worldwide and wine coat foundation. Absolutely fantastic. Next time on the USA with the Academy Award ceremony around the corner. We gather group of let the critics to talk about what their role should be as fully would evolves. And what movies you should watch? That's next time on that. You know USA?
Aired 3 weeks ago 58:42
Friday 25 January
You're listening to the Monaco daily. First broadcast on the twenty fifth of January two thousand and nineteen monocle twenty four the Monaco daily in association with UBS. Live from Medeiros in London. This is the monocle daily pie. Markle's? He coming up in the next sixty minutes. I am very proud to announce today that we have reached a deal to end the shutdown, and we open the federal government US President Donald Trump has announced a deal to temporarily reopened the government. But did he have to give in in his voice for border wall with Mexico? We look at the deal that has brought an end to the longest government shutdown in US history. Then the Greek parliament has voted to back an story agreement with Macedonia over its name. We'll get the latest from our correspondent in Athens. We are also in Brazil where the only openly gay congressman has revealed. He's left the country because of death threats all that's plus a check in on the goings-on at the Sundance film festival in Utah. And look at the Asian newspapers to bettys ahead on the Monaco daily life from London. Starting now. United States President Donald Trump has announced a deal to temporarily reopened the governments of the longest shutdown in US history. The president said he would sign a Bill to open the government for three weeks. The announcement comes thirty five days after the government shutdown began Caitlyn 'em as the budget and appropriations reporter for politico and joins me now. Caitlyn could you first tell us more about this deal? Source. So the president announced the deal this afternoon that would reopen the government for three weeks and by members of congress more time to negotiate some kind of deal on border wall funding, so it's a fairly notable concession for the president who has refused to back down on demands for a five billion dollars in four to funding up until this point. So the steel obviously does not get him that, but the shutdown has become a the the sort of pain of the shutdown has become more and more a severe, you know, just today federal workers, miss their second paycheck. We saw delays at airports across the in airports across the east coast. So it was really getting a critical point. There was a lot of pressure to come to a deal. So this buys lawmakers just twenty one days of time to come up with some sort of deal that will by the president on border security and border wall funding before the government which down again for a long time. It seemed to. At various no affordable agreement to be reached. It seems that Donald Trump is not going to give in his demands full funding for that Boorda will was it simply increased pressure that's made the president back down. Now. It does seem like that. There was a lot of increased pressure. This is the longest shutdown in US history to be clear. The entire government was not shut down the quarter of the federal government was shut down. But it affects nearly eight hundred thousand workers many of them are working are still on the job or not receiving a paycheck. They miss their second paycheck today you've had tens of thousands of several employees filing for unemployment benefits. You know, struggling to make ends meet and today when we saw sort of widespread delays in airports on the east coast where you know, flights were, you know, being grounded or delayed due to a lack of aircraft air, traffic, control, employees, it sort of became. More pressing in in terms of the fact that like these types of things delays that are affecting everyday American life infrastructure only going to get worse unless I'm sort of feel is reached. So when Donald Trump gave the announcement. Did he try to make the situation? Look like he will. So we know. He did. Yes. And that is a course not the case. I mean, he did not receive any money for boy while funding after demanding it for more than a month and the deal that he ultimately accepted was similar to one that he rejected last month before the shutdown began that Bill in December would as kept the government open until February eight and given him no money for a border law, which was not acceptable at the time, and he issued a veto threat and the launch the government shutdown which lasted for more than a month. So what happened today was essentially a concession. Although, you know, he will he will try to paint it as a win. And I suppose in some ways he does at least have Democrats saying now now saying that they will seriously discuss some sort of border security package. So he does get that. What is the mood in Washington of to these announcements untidy who? Would any criticism yet? I think certainly there's relief, you know, with this deal federal workers will receive back pay as quickly as possible. So for workers whose missed the second paycheck today, that's an enormous relief. And I think that. Yeah. I mean, I think that the mood is is for the first time light at the same time just twenty one days to avoid this from happening again. So probably a sense of urgency to come to some sort of long term spending Bill, you know, once once negotiations get back underway next week. What to expect from the next three weeks? Then I think we will see, you know, a little bit more chaos on Capitol Hill, essentially what happened today. In addition to opening the government backup for three weeks. Lawmakers have named sort of conference committee of senators who be discussing, you know, some sort of border security package that might satisfy the president and all of them are seasoned appropriate are so and none of them are very fond of shutting the government down. So I think we'll see pretty pretty serious discussions about what you know. Both sides can accept an ultimately weather, the president can live with more of the focus on borders border security enhancements, rather than you know, focus on outright wall or some kind of barrier. Do you think the idea of war? We let some points beef golsen. Oh, we'll President Trump keeps on going on. About it. I mean, I think certainly this will be a big thing that President Trump will continue distress. I mean, it was a major, you know, campaign promise that he made and he has continued to talk about it. And his base is very, you know, motivated by building a wall. I mean just to night where seeing some hard-line conservatives criticized the president for a centrally caving because he didn't receive any money for shuts four border wall. So I think we'll continue to see some sort of emphasis for from the president on, you know, the need for a wall the need for a border barrier. I don't I don't expect that to go. Caitlyn them. A thank you very much for joining us here on monocle twenty four. You're listening to the monocle daily life from studio. One at story house in London Brazil's first and only openly gay congressman is announced he's leaving his job and the country of the receiving death threats, gene Willisch said in a newspaper interview that he is currently abroad and has no plans to return back to Brazil after a growing number of threats. He's received. Let's get more of this from Antonia Assumpico who's a research associate for conflict CPI security and development at the International Institute for strategic studies and he's joining us from Rio de Janeiro on Tony welcome to the program. Could you tell us more of what we have heard from this congressman, well, the congressman is is very scared for his life. He said that to leave with fear and with constant securities attachment. Protecting him is not is not exactly a fool life. He. He said it was very difficult decision. And that opposite his will affect his political career because Princeton's he deleted his Facebook account, which had over a million followers. What I find particularly interesting is that it it fits a pattern of threats against up on tissues in Brazil coming from so-called militias, or at least, that's the the most likely source of it. So Joan we these suspects that some of the people were threatening were part of this parliamentary militias that are are group's Rio de Janeiro that are formed by I the former or off duty police officers the security officers with a strongly conservative and right-wing Burien -tations. So and those groups were also suspected of to death of mighty any the local council members was murdered less. Last year in in in Rio de Janeiro, so he fits a pattern. So those groups are they also supporters of president Shabir Sonora. So these is does this. Unclear. However, it is it is clear that the radicalized discourse on the players ation pursue. But specifically the aggressive discoursed by the far-right in Brazil, which is, you know, represented in lab by on auto, president tribals on auto has has sent a message to many arm roots, or even radical followers of Bozon out of that violence is acceptable or is courage. So for instance, we had the assassination of my daddy Dunkel some weeks ago, we had sorry some months ago, we had the an attack against another legislative native MAC, the whole shift whose car was hit by heavy caliber rifle bullets, and it sparked also of the steep the very severe political polarization in Brazil, which has also negatively affected President Bush. Zone arrow who was stabbed during the campaign last year. So it's not just restricted to to the far. Right. But it's a it's a broader. Environment culture of radicalization violence that has been taken over president politics. Could you tell us more about that? What does all this increase via violence? Tell us of what is happening in the Brazilian society. What are the root causes so Brazilians have traditionally not being? So politically mobilized since the return to democracy in the mid nineteen eighties. Brazilians have been famously slow to go to the streets to protest a cetera. We saw this change some years ago with the combination of a severe economic crisis and the car wash investigation uncovering corruption scandals at that moment in the Workers Party. And since then a very very vocal right-wing movement the start of bushy forge for able so not who is this outside. Unto stocked with school figure to to become president. So he won't be election. And since since before he won the election. His supporters have been accused off aggressions against minorities against gays against against women. So there are several reports of that by civil society organizations that attracting this and by the media and also have been some tax by supporters of the elect tweeting party's against the right wing. But this polarization that occurred to to be despite the the crisis in credibility of politicians who presume both from the left on the right people have been attacking two other accusing job of the for the for the the wolves affecting Brazil. So that is part of a very important part of why would seem this increase in violence, recent mounts in Brazil. Let's get back to that newspaper interview. Congressman John wheelies gave what has been the reaction in Brazil to synonymous meant that he felt like yet to escape his home country because of death threats. Well in the media and in the brothers civil society. I'm seeing a lot of demonstrations off so the desired towards him. And the most rations off outrage that this threat has led to a very important very symbolically crucial politician to give up his political career because he was the only while he was the first openly gay lawmaker in the federal congress for a country that has suffered so much pummeled phobia in Sperry, conservative socially. This is very important. So that there was this demonstration also diets, however, a very sad aspect of this is that some supporters of also not in congress some politicians and both on his son communist both scenario. One of his three sons have gone to Twitter with some monkeying remarks about about Joan Willie's leaving the country. Jim Williams was alone. Standing critic and full off. Both narrow in congress at one point. They had an argument back in twenty two sixteen in congress and shown we this is Pat on on the face of Both Amato and he was reprimanded for that. So they were longstanding foes, so so this reaction by by the president's allies were seen as very worrying because because he is after all along maker and his being forced to leave the country for political for the work that he's doing. So that's very concerning. Is there a big concern in Brazil over what kind of a message is being sent around the world about what Brazil is like as a country looking at gay rights alone. It would be imagine that Brasilia sending collusive nation being home, for example to the world's largest gay parades. But at the same time, we're learning that homophobia, aced definitely an increase. Yes, Brazilian society. Brazil is a big country. And in the cities, you see a lot of see occasionally, you see this combination off the Brazilian party coacher carnival, and this does this Vive about going out and partying, the streets, etc. Coming out and combining with gay rise in the gay parade. However, most of the time I would argue that the Brazilian culture is very conservative is famous for mccheese move or this behavior of the patriarchate society men ruling and an an Sex's mental bet. So so Brazil is not as liberal liberal socially, as as perhaps some people side of the country think but with the rise of this conservative political movement around tribals on Otto. And he is extremely outspoken character. So the sort of political correctness if you will has really unleashed a wave off socially conservative comments at so is no longer uncommon to see people criticizing gays on Twitter, or as I said before people being beaten up or even cute sometimes for being gay or trans sexual people being being attacked from the streets. So these sort of incidents have definitely stepped up. They have deafened to become more common in recent in recent months or even years. Thank you very much for this updates on Tonia that was antone Assumpico joining us from Maria de Janeiro. You're listening to the Monaco daily on monocle twenty four up next. We are in Athens where the parliament has approved a new name, full, Macedonia. Stay tuned. VS has one nine hundred investment analysts from over one hundred different countries of a nine hundred of the shop is mines and freshest thinkers in the world of finance today. No one knows and find out how we can help you contact us at UBS dot com. Welcome to the monocle daily with me. Mark was hey, we continue to Greece. Now, where the parliament has voted to back on historic agreements with Musset Dona each brings an end to beat the twin seven year dispute over it's no the neighbor's name bony fish ins approved the name Republic of north Macedonia by just seven votes despite widespread opposition from the Greek public and joining me full always motorcycles, Athens, correspondent Nathalie Savar icus. Welcome to the program. So nastily what is the atmosphere like Athens this evening, we saw a number of protests in the streets off the CD before this historic vote. I think most Greeks will be digesting the news. They've not been happy about it. The some poll suggests that up to sixty percent of Greeks are not happy about it. And we've Kaley seen it in the images of many of the protests, which some have even been marred by violence, many nationals descended on this treats to oppose this. But also more cool-headed critics, you know, who were kind of opposed at this deal because they were gonna feeling you know, that it wasn't appropriation of of their legacy. Another country will now call itself about, you know, partly will call itself after name of one of its provinces, and they're quite worried about it. It's kind of the only thing they felt they still could control, you know, their national identity, either culture their history and with this deal. It kind of felt that they were even relinquishing this. If you will. Why is it that the question of Macedonia? Name us Bruce up so much anger in Greece. Why at his why has it become such a heat? He to topic that has lost four twin seven years this row. Well, you know, when I mean, it's obviously partied historical. I mean, one the small Balkan province are broke away from Yugoslavia back in nineteen Ninety-one it decided to call it south Macedonia now, coincidentally, it's infuriated its neighbour Greece because one of Greece's largest provinces is actually called Macedonia for millennia, an Athens worried that, you know, with this new country, it might, you know, start claiming it's territory and it history shortly after northern Macedonia's independence, the young Balkans countries, then nationalist leadership acted on on this very nationalist, pride it directed large Brown statutes of Alexander the great his father's well, Philip who are considered Greek. Very important historical figures beyond that the also printed schoolbooks with a map of great Macedonia. Let's kind of confirming Greece's worries aside of that, obviously as I mentioned earlier, you know, the the Greeks are feeling extremely proud of their heritage and their history, and their culture, and Macedonia and everything that it implies is sport of of who they feel they are over millennia and now with this smaller country to the north who they think is a Slavic country. You know, it has nothing to do with a history. They speak a Slavic language as well. They feel that kind of appropriating a part of who they are to the core. Exactly. It was quite hard to predict how the parliament would vote and politicians data breach. The name Republic of north Mazda Dona by just seven votes. So what is happening next? Now that this agreement has been reached. Well, now, it's it's it's a big question. Mark, you know, for essentially, Greece. I mean, I Lexi cheap. It us. The young prime minister has managed, you know, his his political acrobatics. Even at the very last minute, he managed to pass a this deal through even if it costed his coalition government 'cause the nationalist independent Greeks who want supported him support him, no more, but he managed to convince a few of his lawmakers of this Sparty to stick by him and vote who the deal? So you know, it's a lot will remains to be seen on on. How old this, you know, will develop for for Greece's political system at the moment until now prime minister Alexis he has managed to politically outmaneuver all of his rivals. But even until recently, his main ally like. Obama's commandos, the leader of the independent Greeks his wants coalition partner. So full the moment, you know, it really remains to be seen how this will continue. But so far, he's the only leader of Greece. During these like lengthy crisis years that we've seen since two thousand nine that has managed up to nearly fulfill his four-year term exactly onto it wasn't an easy journey to get to this point of this approval by the parliament will prime minister. Depress be remembered as a hero as a traitor in the future. Well, you know, he has been praised by foreign leaders for sure about this name deal. I mean, something that predescessors both on the Greek and north and Macedonian side haven't been able to to reach to pass himself refers to this as one of the most important legacies of his tenure. And there is no doubt that it was a if not the biggest one of the biggest thorns of Greece's foreign policy for the past thirty years that we've been been talked to nominate him and his counterpart Zorn's area for noble peace by so there is no doubt that this kind of like ops his standing on an international level. Now as far as the Greeks are concerned, you know, he is trailing behind the main opposition leader, but only by ten points, and you know, considering how this like a radical left firebrand, you know, came to stage promising. A to kind of tear old via the the deals with the with its lenders, you know, all these economic diktats, etc. And yet he's pushed through the most painful austerity measures on the one hand. And then he's a pushed through this name deal. And he's only trailing by ten percents. Some critics even say that you know, he could surpri just yet again politically outmaneuver yet again and head to the polls with if not victory because that would be huge to say by just trailing just a few percentage points remains to be seen but his legacy especially on foreign policy on the international scene will be huge remains to be seen. How the Greek history books will write about him not to vericose. Thank you very much for joining us here on the Monaco Dany. Now, look at some of the day's other top new stories. As we already heard United States. President Donald Trump has announced a deal to temporarily reopened the government of to the longest shutdown in US history. The president said he would sign a Bill to open the government for three weeks one negotiations continue on funding for the US Mexico border. The announcement comes through to five days off to the government shutdown began Donald Trump's form political strategists to Roger stone has been arrested in Florida and judge to with seven counts in relation to Robert Mueller probe. Mr. stone appeared in court in the city of Fort Lauderdale special Cullens, so robots Miller is investigating alleged collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign and the number of foreign workers in Japan as tweet pulled over a decade to a record high one point four to six million as companies continue to struggle with a labor shortage base marks the eleventh straight year of increase. According to the data released by the ministry of health. Maye Brandt welfare, the figures expected to rise in the years ahead as Japan decided to ease visa, restrictions and accept more foreign workers starting from April. This is the Monaco daily on monocle twenty four. One of Utah's most famous events the done film festival kicked off yesterday. James Nelson rights runs broadcast based in Salt Lake City joins me now to tell us more of this year's edition of this event, one of the largest and most famous independent film festivals in the world. Welcome to the program. So James, could you I still about the selection of films in offer this year will thank you Marcus great to be with you across the ocean. There I'll tell you what fourteen thousand two hundred and fifty nine films were submitted. That's an all time record. And it shows you how much Sundance is growing over the many years decades related it's been in existence, but the number of films that finally make it to the screen for the people to come and see and for the Hollywood folks to take a. A close look at is only one hundred sixteen. So the odds are not good that you'll make it into Sundance. But Marcus if you do oh my goodness. Sundance is a heck of a trampoline or springboard to get out there in the world and make some noise exactly what I'm wondering. I'm wondering what the films that are making noise this year. What's going to be the biggest to discussion topics? What feels like going to be creating most of us. Well, you know, one that has ties to Utah believe it or not is a story about a serial killer Ted Bundy from decades ago. That film. You know, has got a lot of people talking. And by the way, little side note. On the movie, it's called extremely wicked shockingly evil and vile. That's the story about Ted Bundy a side note is one of the Metallica performer is got a cameo appearance. He plays a Utah highway patrolman, but that story has got a lot of early hype and buzz because it was such a horrific event. And yet that story still haunts Utah, Colorado and Florida Florida being where Ted Bundy was finally executed in the electric chair electric chair some years ago, Marcus this you'll feel them recommendations, by the way. I'll tell you. What sonia? The white swan would be a recommendation that I would make this. This is a true life story directed by an so it sqi it chronicles Sonja Henie one of the world's greatest athletes. She won three gold medals ten world championships. And she was by the way, the inventor of figure skating as we know the beautiful sport today. She goes to Hollywood, this is sort of the film that script becomes very rich. She becomes even more famous. But then like a skater slipping on ice, she falls in that movie has a cold in is the ending. However, it might be Sonia's. The white swan it might be her best performance. So that's a mystery another one I want to tell you about. Very the last tree is a film about a British boy of Nigerian heritage raised in Lincolnshire. I don't know if I pronounced that correctly markets, particularly thank you. He's got a lovely life. In a pretty darn good neighborhood with foster parents things are going along quite well. But then the real mom shows up, and she grabs it takes her home to a flat much different neighborhood much different field for this youngster in with all of those big differences. The boys lost he struggles and distances himself from both mothers, just so he can go out into the world and try and find himself that sounds quite like something James, could you tell us about the experience of attending a festival like son does what is the atmosphere like and what happens in between an off to the films? It's a great. Question. It's a beautiful setting. It's in the mountains with two three four feet of snow dumped in just the last couple of weeks into winter wonderland, a wonderful ski resort home of part of the two thousand two Olympic Winter Games. Which was one of the best winter games ever in the world. So you have that wonderful backdrop, and then you have the history of these moon movie people coming into town with their glitz and their glamour, and it becomes kind of like an extravaganza part circus in apart theater on the streets. And it it's it's it's an electric feeling. It's quite wonderful. The movie houses are packed. The lines are long, but all the movies. Get a lot of. I guess attention because they're unique. They're independent film. They're not from a normal Hollywood. So you get things that you're not gonna get in the normal run-of-the-mill theater. These theaters are packed people line up to get in there, and they come out all excited sometimes crying, sometimes laughing, but it it's really a good time. And then the after parties begin you get all kinds of stars. Jackie Chan was in town today giving a workshop you've got Julianne Moore, John legend, Demi Moore, of course, Redford in the old guard are always there. So you have that layer and then Marcus after an eight or nine day run it all disappears and the skiing that takes over again. It's much quieter and Utah takes a deep breath and says, well, we'll be ready next year exactly next year again, James great to hear from you. That was James Nelson. Joining us here on the Monaco. Name. The church's influence on politics has been in decline in countries around the world for years, but as populism continues to rise so does have John's for religious organizations to push their own agenda in Ireland. However, the situation is very different after centuries of control by the Catholic church. It's only within vary. Recent memory starting to fade. So what cost to this shift? This is what we discuss on this week's edition of the foreign desk. And in this snippet, she owned Gary gun, Royal a professor of Catholic theology at twenty college to Dublin joins Andrew Milov starts by asking. How powerful the church in Ireland just fifty years ago. Hardly hardly. Yeah. In terms of its control over people on its ability to influence politics. It was extremely powerful. How do get into that position? Was it allowed into that position by politicians? They weren't watching the shop. Oh, was it actively encouraged or did it just elbow? It's way in when it goes into that position because of the previous nine hundred years of British colonial rule. So we can't really think of it like as a modern state who took their eye off the ball, or you know, had something to gain. It's a very different sorts of political history. I think in that Ireland desperately wanted independence and had been trying to forge line ses with various powerful help mates for hundreds of years. You know, the Humbert uprising which was in was it seventeen ninety eight with the French coming to our Lund's aid to try to you know, help it gain. It sin dependents was probably. The biggest in modern history alliance and it failed, and you know, all those French people and all those rich people who are involved in. It were killed by the British. And then, you know, they tried to form alliances with oh, we won't go through the whole history. But anyone really who would help some to, you know, not be quite so much under the British cash. And I think it was just the Vati content out to be the best ally. They had going into sheer horrible terms of money power support in becoming independence. But then also had this awful sort of moral kickback on the population that maybe wasn't foreseen pestle to pinpoint to what extent is probably a better question is it possible to pinpoint when that influence started to wane because just in my own experience of traveling frequently actually to the Republic of Ireland over the last well nearly for two years I've noticed in that time the influence of. The Catholic church receding quite dramatically there point at which he think that started. I think there are two Catholic churches at play until there's a different answer for each. So this the first Catholic church is the one emblem by lots of manning skirts, all talking to one another and thinking that they are in charge, and that would be social safety cleric list view of the church, and it's a very valid view. It was very real and powerful and unpleasant entity in Irish history. And then the second Catholic church is a Catholic church, which has continuity across centuries and back to the foundation of Christianity in Ireland and before that to pagan and early beliefs, and it sort of world long and into Celtic Christianity is an amazing phenomenon. Nice increase source Unser, the first Catholic church the cleric list one the thing that did for that. Really? For that was the sex abuse crimes by the priests thrive elation to that and the cover up of it. And that I imagine in thirty years you've been coming to Ireland is the biggest single factor in the official church. And in the second church is always had a life of its own and the decline in that is the fact that there's no longer estate craft this allows room for that. Because the cleric church had really so thoroughly at taken over part of it and commercialization and globalizing capitalism has really taken over access to connectivity. And you can even house the Catholic church in our land, especially since the abuse revelations became a public talking point. They were one of those things that everybody knew about obviously, but weren't often discussed in public as the Catholic church made any. Attempts to reclaim or reassert the political power once head festival and just I don't mean to split Harris. But I think when you say everybody knew about that's the big point is I think most Catholics in Ireland had no clue of the extent of it. They might have known about the case they thought it was terrible. How shocking how awful wasn't a nominee. I think that's the point. Is that people didn't realize just how wide spread it was and just didn't know about this. And then for the church itself. Yes. I think it still hasn't admitted how bad this was in Ireland and people are still trying to carry on as if it hasn't happened on. They can't has it tried to reassert itself. Well, maybe you could see some if they activities going from the divorce referendums in the late nineteen ninety five ninety six through into the northeast as the church just trying to reassert his Marla thirty, but it failed. And so I haven't seen anything. In the last ten years, which would constitute the church trying to reassert its social dominance. But it hasn't come up for the wave of just humbly or emancipation early will lovingly being church. We wasn't even a factor one way or the other do you think in the recent Irish referendum on same sex marriage, and the even more recent Irish referendum on abortion? I think that's the glorious thing about the second church. I was talking about because I mean in the gate Nari Trenton where I've been a longtime campaign for that myself, the vote, I think it was sixty four percents in safer, and even after you take into account that so many young people came home to vote, which was fabulous the fast Machar, if people who voted in favor of gay marriage were quote, unquote, practicing Catholics. So there is this body of people who all along carry on investigating things in finding their way through that face. In ways, which I'll obviously contrary to the teachings of the official church cleric list judge and saying on the abortion referendum. I mean, the church really was just almost ridiculous when entered the debate because it wasn't treating the nuance and the complexity and the compassion of the intellect cuties on the side, and it would just come in with just old style. Cack-handed cliche on through power mongering arguments and destroyed it self to be completely redundant in. These debates bras words, achieve Garrick talking to Monaco central Muna for this weekend's episode of the foreign desk for more on the evolving relations between church and state heads to the foreign desk pages as Monaco dot com. This is the Marco Dana. UBS global financial services firm with over a hundred and fifty years of heritage built on the unique dedication of on people. We bring fresh thinking in perspective to our work, and we know that it takes a marriage of intelligence and haunt to create lasting value for Clinton's. It's about having the right ideas, of course. But it was time about having one of the most accomplished systems and unrivaled network of global experts. That's why at we pride ourselves on thinking smarter to make a real difference. June in weekly to the bulletin with UBS for all the latest insights and opinions from UBS and experts from around the world. Welcome back. You're listening to the Monaco daily with me Margot, see pates, six forty one AM in Shanghai twenty to forty one here in London. It's now time for a check of the Asian front pages on for that. We're joined by Michael Boola, who's lecturer in comparative politics that so us university of London. Welcome to the broker Mcgann. Michael, let's start with a rather big story from the Asia Times Indonesian, President Joko Widodo has been forced to reverse his decision to free jailed terrorist leader, Abu Bakar, Bosnia. What exactly has happened? Well, so he basically cut the sentence short over who are here by a six years basically claimed that this was all within the range of the low in Indonesia, but then had to backtrack because apparently part of this release was. A an agreement that will Bacher by sheer would basically sign a pledge of allegiance to the state ideology punches healer as well as the Republic Fenian easier. And of course, he refused to do. So and so now, we know to find himself in rather Wu court situation because he made these promises, but now there's all too radical cleric refuses to sign these pledges. And so we don't basically has now announced that he will make a decision in the next couple of days about this. And he's only domestic issue over here. There's being pressure coming from the direction of Austria's. Well, hasn't that? Yeah. Absolutely. Because as you may remember Bakar Bashir on his then organization or organization, he allegedly supported Jameis Lameda was responsible for the Bali bone in two dozen two which killed about two hundred people many of them Australians. And so those trading government protested against his, but then at the same time as to article here outlines this may act. Be politically motivated because we don't tries to win over Muslim conservatives in the context of the upcoming elections in April two dozen nineteen and he's actually quite extraordinary. The tricks is trying to do over here to win that supports his he's been buying supposedly one hundred thousand bottles of detergent from one of the areas. He's he's going to be struggling. He has come up with all sorts of strategies. I mean, he's of course, also pointed very conservative cleric as deputy a candidate for deputy president of Indonesia, but then as you just pointed out, he basically traveled to one of these Muslim strongholds where he lost in the past. And then went to a local market and local detergent to produce locally for one hundred forty equivalent of one hundred and forty thousand dollars on too many, of course, immediately sold at as a publicity stunt. And so this latest issue here with Boubacar by sheer probably a similar story. Let's continue with the story from new Mondays about Thailand's upcoming general election this year. What is this article about? Yes. Outta article here basically speculates whether the election said are now apparently being held in Thailand two dozen nineteen will basically Rivera taint tire political system in Thailand back to. How things where before the military actually stage to cooling to Desmond six and so the article then goes through a series of comparisons. We will happen ten years ago. And then comes to conclusion probably pilot actually has changed irreversibly. And so what we'll see after the elections. In two dozen nineteen is probably not going to be sort of semi democratic system that what didn't place until two thousand and six so quite importantly here as well. As Demane reason for why we probably have seen a change as a reversible is because of course, the the the monarch we Paul has died a couple of years back. And so the the monarchy which basically was to core of the old system and held everything together is maybe just two weeks to fulfill that function in the future. Let's continue now with the Nikkei Asian review. We have seemingly been of family drama, going only Singapore where the prime minister's brother has an honest. He's backing an opposition candidate. I mean, this is really a on herd of instinct reporter so the feud between the siblings of delete family has been ongoing for a couple of months. Now, we've covered it here on this program before it, basically started dispute about what you happened to leak when us old house whether it should be turt- torn down or not. And so that basically now spilled into the broader political arena. And so as happening Singapore is basically a couple of old p Qadri party that has been in power for many decades half basically split off the party have founded their own party. And now we're getting support of one of the brothers of the current prime minister. So these rather embarrassing, but of course, also in many ways looks a little bit like Malaysia twenty four months ago. How big a difference? Does it make what we're hearing from the prime minister's brother? It probably doesn't make much of a difference. If he would just say these things by himself, and so people CDs as a family feud and probably. That's what it is. At the same time is really really interesting is that we now see a split within the ruling party. And so that's exactly probably what took the system apart in Malaysia where you had an annoying ternal fight that basically spilled over into the broader political arena. And so that may actually here be case Insinger Porter's. Well, house Jong is the position of the people section party at the moment. We don't know in Singapore of probably most people are quite risk averse, and so they probably would like everyone else to vote for two position. But just not them. And so they're probably hedging their bets. But in Singapore, we probably see similar development as Malaysia into sense a soon as now credible politicians that were actually part of the establishment before throw themselves behind his new party, probably things may actually flip. And so the prime minister has now time until April two dozen twenty one to call for elections. He may have actually indicated that elections could have happened this year already. And so we'll see whether the new party's able to gain enough momentum to actually turn things around. But right now, it looks like the PAP's actually just gonna win as it did into last fifty years, let's finish today with a from the South China Morning post from fashion and Pudi pages. I like the story China's illegal white monkey for model. Nls pay to bare skin and be gawks us marketing props oh, this is about western models in China. What's going on over there? Maybe I shelter childhood by at no idea about this going on in hike. Chinese provincial towns, apparently, there's a huge sub industry for like young male white models, which basically are flown in to then being paraded around like opening of shopping centers and all sorts of promotional activities. And so the article here Tokes about how there's literally be. A cottage industry basically delivers to these kind of events. And so quite interestingly as you said these shows are called white monkey shows. And so the modal son really have to do anything. But just basically stand there and p white stand and pose and be wise. Thank you very much. That was Michael Boola. Joining us here on the monocle name. And finally today as it's Friday, we finish this program with regular feature the global counts down with Monaco's onto algorithm shaker who looks at singles charts in one part of the world each week. Hello and welcome to the broken for Dozo. Where are you taking this week will Mark because there's two reasons why chose the country I chose it's Finland by the way, first of all my home country exacly I wanted to little tribute to you. That was my first reason I'm delighted with second of all as you know, Finland won the title of the best country in the good country index. And I think, you know, if you're number one, you also have to produce good music is not all about health and education. Exactly. So these ranking list was all about which countries produce the most good for other countries for the rest of the world at some point of saying that one of the reasons why decided to relocate from Finland to London was that. I didn't really always enjoy what I was hearing. On on Finnish radio stations. I wonder if things have changed. Well, I'll give you a quick preview. The number one is a Finnish act. It's interesting. It's not for everyone. But we can discuss this later. Do we have like death? Metal heavy metal much there. Confide yet can tell you much number five though, it's not a Finnish act. It's panic at the disco with high hopes, let's have a listen. What exactly are we hearing over there? That's the pop rock group from Las Vegas panicked. These they're very well known. Do remember in the early to mid noughties, the kind of Email movement back the kind of back to be honest. I missed out this completely. But in feeling they're doing very well. Because this song is out since September depressed. Young paper. Exactly. So. Yeah. Not my favorite markers. I have to say so not off to good start. What were you doing the early noughties bio ethanol, not get your share of the movement ever, not much more into the electric clash movement, which was kind of glittery electro a little bit better news more. You definitely should we continue with this business. What's number for in Finland? These guys are enjoying rap music from Finland the locals actually 'cause you can correct my finish later. No. You're very precious about that. But first, let's hear it. This is from Finland if Rupert. And quite art with pita. Hey, did Suba. Got y'all. Due to an ankle Holloway surfing until pronounciation. I have to admit that during this song. I wasn't listening because I was trying to desperately Google what on earth, you just said. Showing me your notes so that was a robust in any court with pita you'll Jala which stands for rob as the name of the artist and dogs with keep your head up. That's amazing. So it's not easy. Burp Mark because I'm always that into again. The whole name the axe and the name of some Rupa sermon Enquirer with pita Olha. That's beautiful. Did you like the song, by the way? I thought it was bad as number five which is not saying much. But I thought it was quite interesting. Apparently, this kind of bands it's fronted by the rapper and TV personality Rupert Salman, did you know here a kind of. No, it's interesting because when nowadays when I go back to keep on seeing everywhere, he's been hosting. I think he hosted the Finnish version of love island unto many, many other reality shows finish television is funny. You know, when you go they have the same people hosting same shows all the clientele like they always have three percent of the us every single program and is doing very well another music seemingly as well. You see international potential in this truck, by the way, not in his one. The slide international petition with three it's not finish act. I'm sorry, Marcus. But for she's from the US, she has O'Bannon origin. She's very proud of that. And she's doing very well in the U as well. It's other max with sweet, but psycho. People. I think the song is interesting. It could be it's kind of timeless. I would imagine that they would release something like this fifteen years ago already meet you, and but I think it's also very good pop song. And if I'm not wrong, it's one of her first singles, so she's very lucky big in Finland three now. Well, I mean what what maxed for her number two. I guess right one. I want to remind us who was our max, she's from the US. But as I said, she has Bainian origins. There's another a very famous singer has abandon origin Rita Rita ORA. Exactly. Very good memory, Marcus. So I think that's a new niche trends that we're seeing these in the pop charts. Let's hope Finland pickups that way one day as well. Should we continue with what is number two in Finland this week? Not very good song come on come on. It's not finish. It's American is that rapper post Malone. I mean the one with tattoos on his face. And this song is called wall is been released on Christmas Eve. So there's kind of a Christmas connotation to it. But I didn't quite understand. I think almost like a gangsta Christmas thing show hear it. Let's listen. Armie him Obama's only his show. All got. I'm saying. Army? I actually could imagine myself almost enjoy my Christmas Turkey with some candles on listening to this. I don't know. I don't know. Maybe. But it's it's not very appetizing would say I did like the sound. I mean nice bay maybe my finish jeans kicking him over here. Well, Marcus don't you prefer a little bit of Finnish. Hip hop. Perhaps a massive thing over there as well. It's almost like hip hop and finished rep have replaced heavy. Metal kind of I I'm not against it. I almost approve I think Finland is going to direction. In fact, the number one song. I have to say it is a Finnish hip hop. But this one I like it very much. I was even talking to our sound engineer Kenya. She we both had the same reaction in it. It's the kind of like what is that? You know? Let's see if you're gonna have the same reaction as this is the Teflon brothers with hammer arena. It is. Boy that was definite brothers with horror Marin, and I certainly got the same reaction. What that I'm not sure if that was a positive reaction for what are they seeing him about shaking, your booty or something like that? No. Actually, he got it wrong. It would be very easy to guess that. If he didn't understand the lyrics we have here. But actually that song is about downhill skiing. Oh. Imagine going downhill skiing and then go into a bar. Oh, and then the slope is gray. That's what they're thinking about don't test. I think that's quite relating to hit the spot where many people go skiing like have this getting holidays and stuff. So they kind of like, you know, it's like very clever time to release a good someone you drunk at this key call, you know, in the evening at European silly. I think that's when this was on works, any international potential here. I think so I think could be a one hit wonder Europe likes that what you boot. What do you? What do you? What do you shake your booty if you live your flooding? So a new pass by a bar, and you hear this song over that decided to go the portering I would love that. And I would go to the bar that plays the Taffla brothers. It's being the highlight of my top five perfect. I'm glad to hear that. So on the whole positive experience the Finnish single shot absolute pronounce number four again, Marcus Iago pita ill. How that's beautiful pita half an hour. Thank you very much much winning us here on the Monaco daily. And that's all for today's edition of this program. The show was produced by Rabelo to whole the research was Stephanie Kerr knees and our student manager was Kenya. Scarlet the Monaco dailies back at the same time on Monday. I am Marcus hippie goodbye. And thanks for listening.
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