36 Burst results for "Antarctica"
Fresh update on "antarctica" discussed on SciShow Tangents
"Turn. The. Head. Like has a small vein and it's just like baking donkey like sound like that's the name is appropriate. Yeah, and you can actually break up that braying sound into different syllables. So it starts with the series of shorter syllables followed by longer syllables, the sets the African payment apart from other penguins like the King Penguin which makes these really repetitive sounds that contain a lot more redundant information about. Who they are, and that's partly because they're living in Antarctica. So there's a lot of wind and it's hard to see and everyone's close together. So having a lot of redundant information inside of a single syllable makes a lot of sense for them but because African penguins are living in like a more mild climate they they necessarily do that. So we don't have that same redundancy built into any individual. syllable, but they still need to be found. So during mating, they'll repeat the shorter syllables more frequently to help like kind of stand out. So researchers studying the vocalisations of African penguins living ensues found that these patterns were consistent with what's called Zips, law of gravity which says that are most frequently used words like the of or is also the shortest. There's mother linguistic laws associated with human languages. That these vocalisations also fit in with So I think this is like the the first evidence for these laws in a non primate species can the ones themselves hear the sounds and and Glean information about the individual it's not something we can do. No, it's. So it's for the other penguins so like with with the penguins the ones that are living in Antarctica apparently, all you need is like A. Third of the syllable to be able to like identify which Ping Win. It is which like pretty remarkable and it's like why they have that kind of redundant nature like they still are repeating that sound within that sound there is like access information. was there any truth to the others? Yes. So the Mustache Bat is actually capable of thirty three different types of sounds or syllables, and they can string them. Together in like their own tax, I have not found any proof that they like to create poetry out of it But there are the female Horseshoe Bat I'm documented to prefer meeting with bats whom have higher frequency echo location calls, and then the last fact. So there is like actual studies like a psychologist looked people who going on speed dates and saw like they were more likely to end up. On a date with someone if they're language styles match So that means like you use different parts of speech in similar ways and like similar rates and so they like attributed this to like a tendency where if we're genuinely interested in a conversation with someone like not even like a romantic interest I, just like generally interested will be more likely to match language styles even for not aware of. It but sadly, this is not a thing that the prairie dogs do they do have an extensive call repertoire but what the mating calls they, they're made up of sets of two to twenty five barks and there are some pauses between each set but they they just make these sounds at like the borough like either right before or right after meeting, they don't do it I think to like attract mates. They've already got the mate and then they start yipping that's what it sounds like a weirdly apparently this call sounds a lot like the same calls that they make when there's a predator. But only if you're like really seemed like dogs have no problem like telling the two apart but just high adrenaline either way. Yeah. All right next up we're going to take a short break and then it's time for the fact off. It can feel like a fulltime job keeping up with the news right now. So WNYC is teaming up with NPR to bring you a new twenty minute daily podcast called. Consider this we're bringing you the day's big headlines and we include the most important stories from the New York area alongside the national news to help you make sense of day, listen to consider this from NPR and WNYC weekdays wherever you get your podcasts. And we're.
Humpback Whale Escapes Crocodile-Infested River After 2 Weeks
"Week, we told you about the plan of a humpback whale. They got lost in crocodile infested rivers in Australia. The good news. The whale is free the humpbacks when free from that crocodile infested river after being stranded there for two weeks, all began with three humpback whales entered east Alligator River. Responded last Tuesday, and the two other whales were thought to have left the area. One appeared to have really become stuck and trapped on and then got stranded. But they say as faras they're aware, authorities say, This is the first time that anything like this has ever happened, and now the happy whale should be on its way back to Antarctica. Now,
Antarctica is still free of COVID-19, experts question if it will stay that way
"Free of the Corona virus more from Fox's Paul Stevens. Antarctica is still free of Cove in 19. But can it stay that way? That's a major question is nearly 1000. Scientists and others who wintered over on the ice are seeing the sun for the first time in weeks or months. The fear is that incoming colleagues may bring them by Rhys with them. One worker at a British research station since before the pandemic, started calling Antarctica quote our safe little bubble. Antarctica has no permanent residents, but it can see as many as 5000 seasonal inhabitants. Paul Stevens, Fox News With high pressure.
Antarctica is the only continent free of COVID-19. How long can it stay that way?
"Country free of the Corona virus, where people can mingle without mass and watch the pandemic unfold from thousands of miles away. That's life in Antarctica, the only continent without cove in 19. Antarctica is currently in the depths of winter, which lasts from Lee February to October, But there is concern Antarctica starts re opening at the end of August, with winter flights in and out of the country being bringing in fresh supplies and personnel. Opportunities for covert 19 to slip in.
Ed Sheeran and his wife announce birth of baby girl
"Media here. CBS News correspondent Matt Piper Ed Sheeran is a first time dad Thie Grammy Award winning music stars announced the birth of his daughter on Instagram for name lyric Antarctica Seaborne Shirin, though he has more than 30 million followers, he had been taking the social media break since the end of last year. Sharon is married to his high school sweetheart, Cherry Seaborn, but has remained very private about her. Matt Piper. CBS News
Science briefs from around the world
"Hi, I'm scientific American Assistant News Editor Sarah Frazier, and here's a short piece from the August. Twenty twenty issue of the magazine in the section called it. He dispatches from the frontiers of science technology and medicine. The article is titled Quick Hits And it's a rundown of some non corona virus stories from around the globe. From Canada a new study models how gigantic morphing Blob of liquid iron in Earth's outer core underneath the Canadian Arctic is losing its grip on the north magnetic pole a second intensifying. Blah below Siberia is pulling the poll away. From Scotland, a geologic dating efforts suggests the fossil of millipedes creature found on the island of Cara formed four hundred, twenty, five, million years ago making it possibly the oldest known fossilized land animal older land animals have been spotted indirectly through preserve tracks. From Tanzania researchers discovered Africa's largest ever collection a fossilized human footprints left in volcanic mud about ten thousand years ago. Many of them came from a group of Seventeen people mostly women all walking in the same direction. From Norway archaeologists excavating a twenty meter. Viking ship buried below farmers field to stop a would eating fungus from destroying it. Ground penetrating radar had found the ship in two thousand eighteen and a new woods sample analysis revealed that could not be preserved underground. From Zambia in Mongolia. Spring satellite tagged Kuku completed an epic twelve thousand kilometer journey from one country to the other. It had originally been tagged in Mongolia in two thousand nineteen and traverse sixteen countries in his round trip migration. From Antarctica, scientists found that King Penguin excrement releases nitrous oxide also known as laughing gas. It forms a soil bacteria eat the droppings nitrogen rich compounds.
The Science of Wildfire Smoke
"I. Don't know about you. But when I hear the word smoke, it makes me think of huge thick plumes of different shades of gray sort of blanketing everything nothing too complicated for somebody like Jessica though smoke is an incredibly complex mixture of different gases and particles, and if we look just at the gases, there are hundreds to thousands of different gases that are formed in biomass burning biomass, we're. Talking things like trees and brush that burn up in wildfire when it comes to particles and smoke there's also a huge range from larger ones in the form of ash dust that can work quickly settle out of the sky, but you also get really teeny tiny particles on the order of millions of a meter in diameter and those really small particles can stay in the atmosphere for a lot longer. In from the particulates side, the thing that people seem to be the most freaked out about is this pm two point five or this little the little particles that are super super small, and there seems to be a lot of that going on right now in California and like large parts of the West Right. Yeah. So one of the primary Hazardous Air pollutants is articles that are called pm two point five has a overall diameter of two and a half micrometres. This and that's roughly about fifty times smaller than a single grain of salt. So, really really small particles. The smaller particles not only can they travel further distances, but they also have this unique ability to follow the sort of micro air currents can bend around corners and edges and everything, and that means that if you're breathing in smoke, those larger particles are GonNa hit the back of your throat first, but the smaller particles can actually make it all the way. Down your throat and the deep into your lungs, and that's where they start to cause all kinds of different health effects. One of the most interesting things about smoke is how it behaves how it interacts with the different layers of our atmosphere including the layer closest to us called the boundary layer and how big that layer is how thick it is depends on temperature. So at night when? It's cooler that layer condenses comes back down in altitude also with cooler temps and higher humidity at night wildfires tend to die down and when they die down, that's actually when they produce quite a bit of smoke and not mixing into a more shallow boundary layer just means you get a lot more smoke very close to the ground particularly at night especially if you're in a kind of. Mountain valley where it just starts to pool and accumulate, and it's not really diluted or moved out of your immediate area until the sunrise comes that boundary layer starts expand the wind speeds, pick up and kind of take the smoke away. Sure. Yeah. I guess I didn't I had no idea that you know in areas where there's wildfire burning but the smoke actually kind of settles back. At night and it makes me think about like you know it's night. It's cool. You want to open a window, right? That can be problematic. It is yeah, and that's and that's true of most air pollution sources but particularly. So for smoke many of the Western states even here in Colorado, it's not necessarily all that common that you have air conditioning It does cool down quite a bit at night and so that is the time people will turn on fans. Etc Try to ventilate the house. Get Cool at night a course your home. At night sleeping and breathing off through the night and so again, that's one way that you can be exposed to smoke that you might not necessarily think of. And so I think it's important to remember. Right. So we're looking at areas like California and Colorado were seeing them on fire. We're seeing the smoke in all of this smoke doesn't just hang out there right? Like smoke really travels. Certain smoke plumes can literally travel the world and go to really remote places, and of course, with fires were we're impacted here in the United States right now. But of course that flips as we go to the next season and then the southern hemisphere so fires just a constant emission source across the globe and as I said as it. Gets admitted and the the different layers of the atmospheric and stay in the atmosphere longer, and that just means it can get carried by the wind currents further and further down wind, and so I've been looking at the different fire models and stuff that knows producing and can see that right now even the most of the fires are certainly on the west coast. To. percent or more of the continental US seeing the effects of this smoke. So even you know my family who lives in Ohio can go out and see these red sunsets potentially from smoke that's being emitted out in California and Colorado, and so that smoke can just travel tens to hundreds of miles down wind from the source. Yeah. Yeah Okay. So we have this smoke right and it's all over the West You know how does the smoke leave? Jessica like how long are people in? California people where you live in Colorado going to be living under these like poor air quality conditions and yes I am asking you to predict the future. Well that's what I'm best at so. The do things that will determine when residents particularly of California those most impacted by the smoke we'll get some relief is, of course when the fires go out and with that, you'll need a change in the weather patterns. So some rain to help. Put out those fires and even if the fires are going. Again, shift in the wind pattern can help. Move. Some of that smoke out away from them but all that means is somebody else will get impacted by that smoke. So one of the things I always try to remind folks is that we all live downwind of somebody. So it might be great air-quality where you're at but you know if there's another emission source just behind you gonNA impact your neighbors, and so in that regard California might get some relief but then maybe Idaho or Montana. Now gets inundated with more smoke there. So that's the sort of immediate way that you can reduce your exposure to the smoke. But in the atmosphere and the only way smoke is truly removed as if it's really out of the atmosphere and it's Not. Necessarily destroyed it's just removed from the atmosphere. You know the kicker is though when this smoke maybe clears up from way that we can detect it like just by going out and be like, Oh, I can breathe a little bit. It never just disappears right like you know smoked feeds into this cycle of climate change, right? The primary component is going to be related to those particles and so particles or something that can both. The climate as well as heat the earth, and so that's where that size and color of the particles really comes into play and so the white. Particles that you associate with clouds generally reflect radiation back to space. So that's a cooling effect rate. If you're under a cloud on a super sunny day, you immediately feel better in cooler on when that cloud is overhead. The other ways, the those darker particles, the black soot those are things that are readily absorb radiation from the sun, which means when the sun goes down. They can also re admit that radiation back into our atmosphere, and that's what contributes to that the global warming effect, the greenhouse gas effect the so important for climate change. So that's one way that the aerosols play into it right and all of these things kind of feed into in this is simply put these things feed into a longer hotter fire season. So it's kind of this garbage cycle. Unfortunately. Yeah. We call that a negative feedback cycle. And so. Those particles that are released from biomass burning may of climate and climate continues to change which could lead to more fires and so forth. You just get unfortunately negative feedback. We're just continues down the wrong path rather than trying to correct itself or balance itself out. You know I feel I feel like the wildfires and the smoke are very visual examples of climate change I. Mean Do you think that these fires could impact how people are thinking about climate change and what needs to be done? I. Hope. So I mean there there's many difference. Really visual ways of seeing climate change with our own eyes. I mean from the rising sea levels and daytime flooding that's happening and some of the coastal cities to the amount of runoff that you see on the Greenland ice sheet to these huge you know ice shelves claiming off Antarctica I mean the signs are all around the biometric burning is certainly one that impacts. You know a large community of people out West and as you mentioned, it's a very visceral response and then with climate change, you often hear of global warming and of course, fires represent that heat. And so that's certainly a connection there as well and so. I can only hope that people start to think. About how much their lives will be changed as our climate continues
The Evolutionary History Of Penguins Is Far From Black And White
"The image of a penguin might bring to mind an endless march across windswept ice. The reality of penguins is a bit different says Grant Ballard of point blue conservation science was actually see species of Pangolin. Really, love, it's only two species. Many others live in warmer waters. So we're could conceivably dealing with something like minus seven degrees or even colder than out. Then, show, but lobby goes mainland has encountered temperatures that are up around one hundred degrees Fahrenheit. So how'd it penguins evolve with such different lifestyles and new study and the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has some answers we've been able to resolve. Several. Longstanding questions about penguin evolution in particular way penguins originated. Hurry Bowie of UC Berkeley as an author on that study. He says there's been a long debate about where the first penguins evolved was it Antarctica or farther north in New Zealand as others have suggested, well armed with genetic evidence from a species of modern day penguins his team has an answer which turned out to be along the coast of Australia and New Zealand the nearby islands of the South Pacific. They say that happened around twenty two million years ago from there, the penguin served on a circular current at the bottom of the world there is a clockwise current. And so they use this current colonized like. The region Juliana of the Catholic. University. Of Chile is a CO author. She says, eleven million years ago that current revved up and penguins used it to slingshot themselves throughout the Southern Hemisphere. That's right. slingshot. The researchers also observed genetic adaptations. Some penguins picked up along the way like the ability to drink seawater also changes in how some species use oxygen allowing them to dive deep that doesn't mean. Penguins will be quick to adapt to modern day climate change. Here's Valley. Again, this adaptation to being able to occurring freezing cold waters in tropical waters occurred over a period of twenty million years, and this doesn't mean that penguins are going to be able to keep up with oceans warming today. If there is one thing, the paper makes clear. It's that the evolution of penguins for from black and
"Night Welcome to kids Miss Mystery Cyber your host kit chrome today. I'm going to talk about how some Mistakes made it into text books and I'm going to start with the woolly mammoth arose about five point one million years ago in Africa according to the curator of the American Museum of Natural History in New York from Africa the mammoth migrated through Eurasia North America their evolution continued over millions of years eventually producing what we know now as the wooly mammoth beginning roughly two, hundred, fifty, thousand years ago. mammoths were extinct about ten thousand years ago. OOPS more like three, thousand, five, hundred years ago scientists now believe an isolated population of mammoth persisted on Wrangel Island off the northeastern coast of Siberia. And deep in Canada's Northwest Territories, World Heritage site in hunt, valley until about three thousand, seven, hundred years ago. Unfortunately, the ten thousand year mark of extinction is in most textbooks. But let's take a closer look at that date the prominent theory that made it into most textbooks. Encyclopedia's remember those was ten thousand years ago because it was believed for decades at the mammoth migrated from the African continent through. Eurasian North America, driven by the last ice age, they were following the food supply. If that's the case, then it makes sense that some moms ended up into Hani because it was never touched by. The last ice age and yes bone. So the mammoth have been found in that region but this isn't the first theory published in Texbook. As fact that there's some founded expend believed and yes, made it into text books that the continent of Antarctica has been covered by ice for millions of years again hoops the Perry reese map drawn in fifteen thirteen shows the northern coast of Arctic as ice-free. The most puzzling aspect of the map isn't how it managed to be. So accurate three hundred years before Antarctica was discovered but that the map shows the real Coche line under the ice geological evidence. has confirmed that the latest date and Artika could have been charted in an ice free ages. Four thousand BC officials sciences been saying all along the ice cap, which covers yet arctic is millions of years old the Perry reese at Arctic map shows, but the northern part of that continent has been mapped before the ice covered it. That could make us think it has been mapped a million years ago but that's impossible since mankind did not exist at that time further and more accurate studies have proven that the last period of ice free condition and already got ended about six thousand years ago. The question is who map Queen Maud land at Arctic six thousand years ago which unknown civilization, how the technology or the need to do that I wanNA touch on just one more scientific nestled in the ancient city of Komo. Polka Bolivia are stone blocks that were used to make up a series of Pyramids Wayne from two hundred to four hundred tons each block nothing unusual there the city dates back to five, thirty, six AD. Yet. The blocks are riddled with carved indentations and in the surrounding grasses were found. Staple shaped clamps that fit in place were used to hold the blocks together. How could the indigenous people? No knowledge of urgency have created these clamps and where did the metal they use come from? This isn't the only case of metal clamps being used to hold giants don't together in Cambodia's anchor watt giant sandstone blocks way nearly two tonnes were brought to the site of the temple from nearby mountain via series of waterways. Close inspection of stones that are scattered around the site have revealed carved indentation receptacles for metal clamps perhaps. How about an eerie coincidence just outside the magnificent ruins of anger what stands an ancient pyramid temple known as backseat clump core now from Cambodia. Travel over eight thousand miles to Guatemala in the ancient Mayan city of Tacoma all among the long forgotten structures at the call is the Temple of the Great Jaguar although the Cambodian pyramid is much smaller than the pyramid in Guatemala the similarities between the specific design features are uncanny both. These pyramids both these ancient structures have an unusually steep slope angle that didn't exist in many other pyramids or temples however, and perhaps most importantly they both feature a stepped formation. There's a massive stairwell going up the middle of both temples and there's a domed area located on the top of both once there you can see there's a small door that goes inside the pyramid on both and there's another internal structure that looks the same. Basically what you have here is an ancient civilization. Cambodia. Another one in Mesoamerica despite the fact that they are separated by more than nine thousand miles, they feature incredible similarities that no one not even science has been able to explain
Travel Photography in the Age of Modern Travel
"I. WanNa spend just a few moments talking about travel photography. passably because a lot of you are traveling right now although with Covid, maybe you're not traveling so much but we will travel again and lot of you enjoy travel photography and it's a big topic and so I kind of like I WANNA put my two cents into the thoughts about travel photography because I have a little different perspective on the potential for travel photography what we can do as photographers when we travel and how we can make something that will be of interest other people. Of course, some of you may remember a very old comedy routine by. A long forgotten comedian named Jackie Vernon that I thought was hilarious called the slide show in which he? Basically bores people to death with the slides of his. Vacation travel that that's kind of a cliche about what happens with a lot of people in vacation pictures. and. I think to some degree like all comedy I suppose this routine is founded in a little bit of truth because vacation pictures can be. Boring but they don't need to be. The problem with vacation photography is that in my opinion anyway I think a lot of photographers think it's about the location. And the idea being this is sort of the underlying principle that I'm going to travel somewhere that you don't or that you can't and I'm going to make pictures of that exotic location. I'm going to bring them back so that you can have the vicarious experience of traveling to that exotic location by looking at my pictures. And I suppose in the history of photography, there was a time when that's exactly what travel photography was. I remember a really terrific friends of photography publication part of their untitled series. That featured the work of Samuel born. A nineteenth century photographer who had traveled to India and or was it Egypt. Now I can't remember. That I want to tell you but one of the two year traveled to an exotic location I think it was India and made these wonderful photographs historic in their nature because they today take us back in time as well as to an exotic location that sort of the quintessential travel photography project I will take you somewhere either physically or in time that you can't go and I'm going to show you what this place looks like because it's so interesting because it's so inspiring because it's so exotic, etc.. Okay that's fine but we don't live in that age anymore where Samuel born or think of William Henry Jackson. Incredible Difficulties they had in travelling to those exotic locations in doing wet plate photography and it was incredibly difficult for them to go and so when we see they're photographs, we really do have a unique experience that most people at that time could not have could not go any of they could. They certainly couldn't take pictures because of the complexity of the photographic process but fast forward to today. Today we can jump on a jet. We can go almost anywhere in the world. You can literally be anywhere on the planet probably within twenty four to forty eight hours from leaving your house right now, and once you get there, you'll probably find there's some sort of comfortable accommodations. Might be a bit exotic food might be a bit exotic but basically, for most locations on the planet, you're not going to have to take your life into your hands. There's no risk you won't come back because the travel is so dangerous think about all those photographers running off to Antarctica or to Iceland there no physical risk of losing their lives in pursuit of the fine art photography, they're doing with their travel photography in these really exotic locations. They travel on reasonably comfortable boats with reasonably comfortable rooms they take their laptops, they upload their images to light room at the end of every day they're probably eating reasonable food. This is travel photography today that is a different thing. Than William Henry Jackson or Samuel born had to endure in the nineteenth century. So if we play out that same scenario today that. That those nineteenth century photographers used. Are. We really doing the same thing or is it sort of kidding ourselves? What we're doing is something really adventuresome. It's not as adventuresome as it might seem might be adventuresome to us because we've never traveled there but to photograph and bring back those photographs and show them the exotic natives who live there or the exotic landscape that there is there is simply not as impactful as we might guess. Not that it's boring but it's not the same kind of thing that it used to be in history I. Guess That's what I'm trying
Science News Briefs from Around the Planet
"Hi. I'm scientific. American Assistant News. Editor Sarah Lou in Frazier and here's a short piece from July twenty twenty issue of the magazine in the section called advances dispatches from the frontiers of science, technology and medicine. The article is titled Quick Hits In it's a rundown of some non corona virus stories from around the globe. From, Turks and Caicos Islands analysis of Ano- lizards collected before and after hurricanes, Irma and Maria in twenty seventeen and eighteen months later revealed that the surviving lizards and their descendants had larger and therefore grippier Topaz. The team examined Lizard photographs from natural history collections and seventy years of hurricane data to confirm the trend. From Italy sediment samples drawn from the tree and see revealed hotspots with up to one point nine million micro plastic particles per square meter, the highest concentration ever recorded on the sea floor. Most of pollution comes from wastewater and sewage systems. Researchers say. From Antarctica, paleontologists found a fossilized forty million year old frog on Seymour. Near the tip of the peninsula, The FROG is related to modern ones living in temperate humid conditions in the Chilean Andes. From Iraq researchers probing the Turkish State Archives found the earliest known record of a meteorite causing a death. The object struck a hilltop in neighboring Iraq in eighteen, eighty, eight, killing one man and paralyzing another. From Japan results gathered from the KAMIOKA. Observatory which includes an underground detector tank filled with fifty five thousand tons of water, suggested intriguing discrepancy in how neutrinos, an anti neutrinos oscillate potentially violating symmetry between matter and antimatter. From Kenya scientists identified a malaria blocking microbe in mosquitoes on the shores of Lake Victoria. Every mosquito catalog with this apparently benign fungus was free of the disease, carrying parasite and experiments showed the fungus prevented its transmission. That was quick hits. I'm Sarah Lou Frazier.
Why Do Ladybugs Have Spots? Do Dragonflies Bite?
"We're talking about dragonflies and ladybugs. And we're going to be joined by someone. We've talked to before on an episode. We did about moths. I'm kept McFarland with a Remote Center Frigo Studies Research Biologist and I like to study insects and all kinds of other flying things. Why in the world do you like to study insects of all the creatures you could study? Well you know. I've studied birds and I've studied mammals, but insects to in my world. Everything you can think of. That's in the movies insects do it. They do strange things that we'd never imagined possible, and and it just excites me to go out there and find out what they're doing. Strange things like what lift something that would be like US lifting a car or leap tall buildings that kind of thing. Yeah. They're like the Superman the animal world, they can do all of things that we couldn't dream of Fahd of the sky for hundreds of feet. Fly Long distances. Long distances like three thousand mile sometimes longer than we never imagined swim underwater for long periods of time. I mean you name it. They do it so. The water and walk on the ceilings. Yeah, so it's just crazy things they do. There are so many kinds of insects estimates range between two million and thirty million different types of insects. If you count up the total number of these animals themselves, scientists think there are ten Quintillo individual insects on our planet. But we can't do an episode about all of them. Just think how long that would be. We're going to focus on to cool types of insects. You have sent us questions about dragonflies and ladybugs, but even those are categories of insects with lots of different species within them, as we'll find out more about later, but first. Let's dive into some of your questions. My Name's illegal. I live in Seattle Washington in my question is. Why do ladybugs have spots? Claire. I am six years old. I live in rent. Would Missouri and My question is how do ladybugs get their spots I Aria that result I live grateful or Kaleida it by question is how to ladybugs have spots well. Here's the interesting thing about ladybugs. There's a lot of different kinds of ladybugs and the ones that we usually think of are the ones that are red with black spots or sometimes a little white spots on them. And that represents maybe you. A quarter of the species of ladybugs, there's a whole bunch of other ladybugs that are black, Brown, red white, even some kind of other colors mixed in like yellows, and so the traditional thing we think of the ladybugs of the ones that are black and red, but there's all kinds of others that have all kinds of other patterns and colors associated with them how they get their spots. I'm not really sure how they exactly get their spouse, but one of the things is spots. Spots are the patterns are probably on them, so that is a warning to other insects or even birds that they might not want to eat them, because they might taste poorly, and so it's a way to defend themselves against being eaten by birds or other insects to some types of ladybugs have a certain number of spots and others have a different number, or could you know the same kind of lady bug lined up ten different individual bugs. You'd get ten different spot patterns. The answer is yes. It happens, both so there are lady bugs that have certain number of spots in evac through even named after that, so there's a native lady bug in North America called. The nine spotted lady bug, and it has nine actually, and there's the seven spotted lady bug, and it usually has seven spots. There's a twenty spotted lady bug, and you get the picture. There's different kinds of ladybugs that have different amount of spots, but sometimes within those groups they can have a variety of spots, so there's one. One kind of Lady Bug comes from Asia called the Asian ladybugs that's been introduced. It's been brought here in an outlives. North America and sometimes it can have almost no spots, and sometimes it can have maybe a dozen or more spots on it, so it's really variable. Compared to say, the nine spotted lady bug, which almost always has nine spots, and we have listeners and I think every continent. EXCEPT ANTARCTICA, we haven't gotten a question from Antarctica and do ladybugs also live on every continent except Antarctica. I'm pretty sure they are on every continent, except Antarctica. Yes, and that brings us to this question. Hello, my name is Hallelujah I live in. Rwanda CA golly. My question is. How many different types of ladybugs are there? There are over five thousand different species or types of ladybugs in the world. And as Kent said, it's not just the spots that vary, their colors can vary, too, but those colors are basically always there to warn predators that the lady bug will taste terrible now. Some of you are probably wondering why they're called ladybugs. Anyway or maybe you aren't even sure what insect were actually talking about. Not everyone calls them ladybugs for example. If you live in the United Kingdom you might call them, lady, birds or Ladybird Beetles and Kent says he actually doesn't like the name Lady Bug because they're Beatles, not
Why Do Ladybugs Have Spots? Do Dragonflies Bite?
"This week, we're getting out our bug nets to look at something considerably smaller than us. We're talking about dragonflies and ladybugs. And we're going to be joined by someone. We've talked to before on an episode. We did about moths. I'm kept McFarland with a Remote Center Frigo Studies Research Biologist and I like to study insects and all kinds of other flying things. Why in the world do you like to study insects of all the creatures you could study? Well you know. I've studied birds and I've studied mammals, but insects to in my world. Everything you can think of. That's in the movies insects do it. They do strange things that we'd never imagined possible, and and it just excites me to go out there and find out what they're doing. Strange things like what lift something that would be like US lifting a car or leap tall buildings that kind of thing. Yeah. They're like the Superman the animal world, they can do all of things that we couldn't dream of Fahd of the sky for hundreds of feet. Fly Long distances. Long distances like three thousand mile sometimes longer than we never imagined swim underwater for long periods of time. I mean you name it. They do it so. The water and walk on the ceilings. Yeah, so it's just crazy things they do. There are so many kinds of insects estimates range between two million and thirty million different types of insects. If you count up the total number of these animals themselves, scientists think there are ten Quintillo individual insects on our planet. But we can't do an episode about all of them. Just think how long that would be. We're going to focus on to cool types of insects. You have sent us questions about dragonflies and ladybugs, but even those are categories of insects with lots of different species within them, as we'll find out more about later, but first. Let's dive into some of your questions. My Name's illegal. I live in Seattle Washington in my question is. Why do ladybugs have spots? Claire. I am six years old. I live in rent. Would Missouri and My question is how do ladybugs get their spots I Aria that result I live grateful or Kaleida it by question is how to ladybugs have spots well. Here's the interesting thing about ladybugs. There's a lot of different kinds of ladybugs and the ones that we usually think of are the ones that are red with black spots or sometimes a little white spots on them. And that represents maybe you. A quarter of the species of ladybugs, there's a whole bunch of other ladybugs that are black, Brown, red white, even some kind of other colors mixed in like yellows, and so the traditional thing we think of the ladybugs of the ones that are black and red, but there's all kinds of others that have all kinds of other patterns and colors associated with them how they get their spots. I'm not really sure how they exactly get their spouse, but one of the things is spots. Spots are the patterns are probably on them, so that is a warning to other insects or even birds that they might not want to eat them, because they might taste poorly, and so it's a way to defend themselves against being eaten by birds or other insects to some types of ladybugs have a certain number of spots and others have a different number, or could you know the same kind of lady bug lined up ten different individual bugs. You'd get ten different spot patterns. The answer is yes. It happens, both so there are lady bugs that have certain number of spots in evac through even named after that, so there's a native lady bug in North America called. The nine spotted lady bug, and it has nine actually, and there's the seven spotted lady bug, and it usually has seven spots. There's a twenty spotted lady bug, and you get the picture. There's different kinds of ladybugs that have different amount of spots, but sometimes within those groups they can have a variety of spots, so there's one. One kind of Lady Bug comes from Asia called the Asian ladybugs that's been introduced. It's been brought here in an outlives. North America and sometimes it can have almost no spots, and sometimes it can have maybe a dozen or more spots on it, so it's really variable. Compared to say, the nine spotted lady bug, which almost always has nine spots, and we have listeners and I think every continent. EXCEPT ANTARCTICA, we haven't gotten a question from Antarctica and do ladybugs also live on every continent except Antarctica. I'm pretty sure they are on every continent, except Antarctica. Yes, and that brings us to this question. Hello, my name is Hallelujah I live in. Rwanda CA golly. My question is. How many different types of ladybugs are there? There are over five thousand different species or types of ladybugs in the world. And as Kent said, it's not just the spots that vary, their colors can vary, too, but those colors are basically always there to warn predators that the lady bug will taste terrible now. Some of you are probably wondering why they're called ladybugs. Anyway or maybe you aren't even sure what insect were actually talking about. Not everyone calls them ladybugs for example. If you live in the United Kingdom you might call them, lady, birds or Ladybird Beetles and Kent says he actually doesn't like the name Lady Bug because they're Beatles, not bugs, so that's right now and they're not all ladies.
How Many Continents Are There?
"Two plus two equals four the world's Brown. There are seven continents on earth. But that last one isn't quite so cut and dried here. In the United States students learned that there are seven continents North, America. South America Europe Asia. Africa, Australia and Arctic. But that's hardly the last word on the matter and much of Europe students learn that there are six continents Africa. America Antarctica Asia Australia slash. And Europe. There's a five continent model which lists Africa. Europe Asia America and Oceana Slash Australia, and that's by the way why there are five rings on the Olympic, flag. And, some experts think that four is the way to go using as their criteria landmasses. Separated by water rather than manmade So Afro Eurasia America and Arca and. As recently as the eighteen hundreds, some people said there were just too. It's the old including Europe Africa and Asia and the new encompassing north and South America. So what really makes a continent continent? We spoke by email with Dan Montello. A geography professor at the University of California Santa Barbara he said nothing really determines a continent except historical convention, a bit of an overstatement, but mostly valid a certain factors make a landmass more or less likely to be called a continent at various times in history by various people, but nothing can be said to determine continent tally, a completely principled, non arbitrary way. Take for example, the vast country of Russia six point, six million square miles or seventeen million square kilometers a why has often been counted as part of Europe, rather than Asia Montello explained. The Euro Mountains are taken to separate Asia and Europe. But only because Russians wanted their great city of Moscow to be European, so the euros were a convenient marker for that arbitrary decision. Continents are mostly spatially contiguous collections of landmasses larger than countries, but smaller than hemispheres of course cotton's do not necessarily fit entirely within single earth hemispheres, and thus cannot be defined by ranges of latitude or longitude. Okay, so how about plate tectonics if certain landmasses are constrained to one of those massive shifting hulks? Can we safely call it? A continent Montello Says No. Quote Plate tectonics has nothing to do with it historically, and it certainly could not provide a principal basis for continents now. Nearly every continent includes parts of multiple plates. The. Same goes for climate after all continents contain multiple climates as evidenced by Alaska's Arctic. Chill compared with Florida's humid heat. They're both part of North, America. Mountain ranges and coastlines are useless to as our culture and politics. Montella said neither ethnicity race culture nor politics has ever defined continents except by conventional theories that were largely mythical such as old and fallacious ideas about correspondences between races and continents. Politically Hawaii is part of the US but is in Oceania rather than north. America Greenland is controlled by Denmark for now, but is considered part of the North American continent. So really it boils down to whom and when you ask Montello, said no one can say as a matter of principle fact, how many cotton's there are because the decisions are largely based on convention and convention that goes in and out of fashion over time, and is still debated today. He concedes these days. Many geographers would opt for a list of
The Ice Shelf Garden
"Job seats working in life support systems that may eventually support astronauts on missions to the Moon and Mars. These are places where poor is unlikely to see who were in action, but in Twenty Fifteen Paul was given the opportunity to join a crew on a mission where be in charge of testing a life support system that would help subsist. Subsist an isolated crew in one of the furthest flung frontiers, not humans pull was going to Antarctica the continent often tactic half is next best place you can garbage very similar to living and working on the mood to wasn't quite the Moon Amas. It wasn't even the job pool was expecting. The official title was systems engineer about the most commonly used as laws on Octagon A- die, I was doing gardening and growing vegetables and OCTA. Pool was going to be part of a team that would be tasked with building and Transport Espace. Greenhouse called even I s to Attica Bay on the eskimo Ice Shelf in eastern Antarctica. The I S S would be stationed at a research base where poor and the crew would spend twelve months, but for nine of these months that'd be is elated from the outside world and poor would be solely responsible for the cruise supply of fresh fruit. There's just one problem garden in wasn't pose particular forte. I've done some some gardening. A child in the garden I would say I had not much experience with that. So in just a few weeks had to master the scientific gardening art of Arrow, politics. So. Soil normally already has all the nutrients the plans need, and when you water, the soil, water dilutes the nutrients and make them available for the roots of the plants can use the nutrients to grow, but with their opponents things were differently. The roots are basically hanging free in the air and are sprayed with water and nutrients every two minutes, so it turns out Paul. Skills as an engineer were perfectly suited to the task of Space Garden. We have a very technical greenhouse, the control the climate, the temperature immediately you the CO two level all systems that keep the plants alive so that they can produce food for the crew. So after months of preparation, it was finally time for poor to make his way to Antarctica. Even the first leg of this adventure could be an epic seven day journey. Surfer cool. It was faster flight from his home town of Bremen to meeting. From unique to Cape Town. Then, a native of three days for his Antarctic bound flight. From south. Africa is still nieve about six hours flights. And Star this just felt like another routine flight. Bomblet flight number to go to a normal check in desk. Instead of auditing, the normal flights, your flight, one doctor. Then you sit in this APP plane of people from different to countries. They'll really excited. Enter the aircraft with some cloves. The crudes cooling down the path. That everybody is changing. All, clothing governor nerves. I'm boss for plunk him. I'm a professional social psychology to University of boss ambassadors, main area of research is into the psychology of habit or people don't realize how many have is we have? And that comes to the to the fore when you are the want to change behavior or have to change behavior I often have an overestimation of how easy or how good we are in changing. What's what we usually do, so we? We overestimate our willpower, says one of the most effective times to get the better of your habits is at a time of drastic change so when you're devoid of all the routine and triggers that allow your old habits to prevail. Happy sign not triggered by your patient or your willpower, your intentions, but trick triggered by cues in the environment. The Eight o'clock cure for instance is trigger to to go to work or certain moments in the day you to to take snack. They have not think that you decide. It's not willpower. It's it's environment. That's that's cues. The TRICO sits so pause lockdown Antarctica an hour lockdowns in our. Our homes would create these almost blank canvases for creating new
"antarctica" Discussed on The Science Show
"So the daily penguins. Alex put said she has seen many more humpbacks over the last few years in line with reports of their recovery from wailing up to the nineteen sixties. I've found some fascinating organisms. Floating singly and in chains in the ocean and stranded on the Antarctic beaches. The selfs these rather delicate and beautiful creatures look like jellyfish but because they have a central nervous chord a more closely related to humans. Each one had a clear to like body encasing. An orange beach shaped got soaps farther plankton and they facie struck quickly to the ocean floor with the benefit of locking carbon down there. We do not know what it's helps but penguins don't they have exotic reproductive behavior and can transition through two generations in a day where there is abundant krill. The self seem to be rare and vice versa. The experts on my ship. I saw them just ten years ago. So yes some things are changing in the Antarctic or visited and I came. Home is concerned about this out of the world as I am about others but I was amazed that the Antarctic Treaty. Coalition of fifty four countries manages it using just trust and collaboration because no one actually owns this fall place. The International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators I auto under a similar impressive arrangement overseas safe and environmentally responsible traveled to Antarctica. What concerned Al Guides was the increasing? Number of tourists ships. We saw a monster ship carrying thousands of passengers. The guides came to measure the impact of tourism on Antarctica because the number of ships is growing rapidly with fifty five thousand tourists visiting last season. I'm told that seven years ships are being built for Antarctic voyages. This could impact the continents plant and animal life but ocean. It say their studies had so far found no evidence of damage to penguin colonies from visitors however with increases in tourism and the use of flights in and out it seems the threat to habitat will only rise with pressure to open up new travel destinations numbers so many numbers in the sideshow and so important that was medical research of Sally Smith who now farms walnuts and I see the news. This week that Krill yes combined weight equal to all people on Earth those griller expected to move north according to PhD student. Divvy Bichir from the University of Tasmania..
Climate change turning Antarctica's snow green
"Dhoni during snow over climate change turning parts of Antarctica green the slimy kind of green scientists have backed a microscopic algae bloom across the surface of the melting snow there and some regions a single cell life form is so dense it turns the snow bright green can be seen from
Noisy by Nature: Elephant Seals
"Welcome to noisy by nature my name. He's an my favorite thing to do is to use my ears and listen to the different. Sounds that night makes. I love the sound of frogs and when the wind how but my favorite sounds of the weed ones and I have a very funny one for you. Today I am in the middle of the ocean. Well I'm not in the ocean. Exactly I'm on a teeny tiny island halfway between Australia and then Tactica no matter which direction I look. I can't see any other land out there and we that any other land to protect me from the wind. I'm nearly getting blood up my fate. A newly lost my hat. I think I need to get out of the swings. Walk down to the beach. I think it'll be more protected from the winds who that's been season a normal beach though. The whole beach is covered in smooth round pebbles and rocks. Can you hear the waves sh? I'm going to try and walk to the other end of the beach. Lets us out is to listen to all the things along the way speeches. He's really busy. Actually it's really noisy back. That's squawking is coming from some blackened. What Birds Rolling around the beach? Do you know what birds they might be obtained wins. They can't fly but they can swim. What else can you hear? This is strange noise. Coming from those huge Brown lumps lying on the beach. Very weird noise. It's sounds a little bit rude. Those creatures they have long Brown bodies we the short flipper like tail. Tiny little dog is and two flavors that are kind of like hands and some of the bigger ones. They have a really big long knows all my slacking elephants trunk. They must be elephants seals. Think they doing a big fluffy. I don't think they're fluffing. I think the sounds are coming from their mouths or maybe their noses funny. I think the little baby elephants seals are talking to them. Mums making sure. They don't go too far away and the Huge Dad Elephant. Seals are on patrol. So no other. Dads get too close to this but on the beach. Oh the data elephant seals enormous. They are the only ones with those speak noses to did you know that Dad elephant seals are so big that they can be heavier than I car. That is very heavy. No wonder they just lie on the beach like these. It must be hard for them to move on. I'M NOT GONNA get too close. I don't want to fry it to them and they frighten me a little bit too because then so be excuse me that are look very graceful on land but when they're in the ocean they glide through the water we'd this smooth bodies and special flippers. They can dive down deep towards the bottom of the ocean to find food. They can even hold their breath for up to two hours. That's really long time. Elephants seals can be found all around Antarctica and its nearby islands. What are we nature sound?
"All Welcome to kiss Miss Misery. Sime your host kit chrome hoping you're healthy and staying sheltered in place today. I'm going to talk about scientific hiccups and I'll begin with the woolly mammoths arose about five point. One million years ago in Africa according to the curator at the American Museum of Natural History in New York from Africa the mammoth migrated throughout Europe Asia North America. Their evolution continued over millions of years eventually producing the woolly. Mammoth we know today. They began roughly two hundred fifty thousand years ago. Mammoths went extinct about ten thousand years ago. Hoops that's the first scientific hiccup more like three thousand five hundred years ago. Scientists now believe in isolated population of mammals persisted on Wrangel Island off northeastern eastern Costa Siberia and deep in Canada's Northwest Territory and World Heritage Site than Hani Valley. They were there until about three thousand seven hundred years ago. The ten thousand year more of extinction is in most textbooks though. But let's take a closer look at that date. The prominent theory that made it into most textbooks and the cyclopes. Pedia is ten thousand years ago because it was believed for decades at the mammoth migrated from the African continent through Eurasian orth America driven by the last ice age. What scientists called police to seen ice age following the food supply? If that's the case that it makes sense that some ended up in the valley because it was never touched by the last ice age and yes sponsor the mammoth have actually been found in that region. But this isn't the first theory published in a textbook as fact that is founded. It's been believed yes. Baited into text books that the continent of at Artika has been covered by ice for millions of years again. Oops scientific hiccup. The Perry reese map drawn in. Fifteen thirteen shows a northern coast of Antarctica. Ice-free the most puzzling aspect of the map isn't how it managed to be so accurate three hundred years before and articles discovered but that the map shows the real coastline under the ice geological. Evidence has confirmed. How could that have happened or been charted in an ice free age four thousand years ago which is what science states? That was the last time that Arctic was ice free officials. Science has been saying all along that the ice cap which covers the Antarctic is millions of years old. The Perry reese at Arctic amount shows it the northern part of that continent has been mapped before the ice covered it that could make us think it has been mapped a million years ago but that's impossible since mankind did not exist at that time. Furthermore accurate studies have proven that the last period of ice-free condition in that Arctic area the northern tip ended about six thousand years ago the question is who mapped Queen Maud Land of Antarctica. Six thousand years ago which unknown civilization had the technology or the need to do that. I want to state at this point. That the Perry map has been validated as being real and brought back to that data. Fifteen thirteen it is not a about that which made twenty years. I pushed office something true. I want to touch on just one. More scientific kick up nestled in the ancient city of Papun Kabul. Libya are stone blocks that were used to make up a series of pyramids each block. Wade from two hundred to four hundred tonnes. Nothing unusual there. The city dates back to five three six ad yet. The blocks are riddled with carved indentations and in the surrounding grasses were found giant staple liked clamps. That it in place and we're used to hold the blocks together. Wait a minute. How could the indigenous people with no knowledge of metallurgy have created these clamps and worded the metal used for them? Come from? But this isn't the only case of clamps be used to hold giants Jones together and Cambodia's Angor Watt giant sandstone blocks way nearly two tonnes were brought to the side of the temple from a nearby mountain bias. Here's waterways close inspection. The stones that are scattered around the side has revealed carved indentations receptacles for metal clamps. Says kind of interesting. How about an eerie coincidence? Just outside the magnificent ruins of anger. What Stanton Asian Pyramid temple known as boxy CAM gone now from? Cambodia travel eight thousand miles to Guatemala and the ancient Mayan city of Tacoma all among the long forgotten structures at to call is the temple of the Jaguar although the Cambodian pyramid is much smaller than the pyramid Guatemala. The similarities between the specific design features are uncanny both these ancient structures have an unusually steep slope angle that don't exist in other pyramids or temples however most importantly they both feature a stepped formation. There's a massive stairwell going up to the middle of both temples and there's a domed area located on top once there you could see. There's a small door goes inside the pyramid and there's another internal structure that looks the same basically. What you have here is an ancient civilization in Cambodia and another in Mesoamerica despite the fact that they are separated by more than nine thousand miles away featuring credible similarities that no one has been able to explain. Thus my idea of being a scientific hiccup because when you read in the textbooks is different than what facts
If we can mobilise around a pandemic, what next? Meet two revolutionaries already flouting the rules
"You've said at one point that you think. Weist is beautiful. This zero philosophy is in a sense in practice for you. Isn't it one thing really like my life is just one big experiment you know. We had all sorts of experience. Guy On knock Ou- out offcuts of Broccoli with given to a Guy. Campbell had crickets growing. And he's and he's building and and there was a transaction. We paid him for the crickets. And what did the cricket stay ate the Broccoli yes. I'm quite obsessed with a nutrient density as well so fat soluble vitamins. How do you get all your vitamins? And crickets are a great source of that. And then you know. There's a lot of food that can be composted what about intercepting it. Before it gets composted and getting the most out of out of them and yeah we had them on the menu and we roast them and look like really a little bit like prawns in a sense. It's whatever you garnish them with. So we had salt Bush dehydrated and then mixed with salt and pepper and then some kelp dehydrated. People loved it. Okay so almost no waste zero. Yeah I can honestly say that we had zero waste and even the table was made from reconstituted plastic that came from Adelaide which company that makes bump recycled bumper bars. And we Lebron's I love the fact that out rubbish bins because there wasn't a rubbish bin in the place that's right. Yeah was any of these economically viable. I mean when I think about the restaurant and food industry. It's all about cost cutting isn't it? Food costs a very low but me because very hard. Because you're making butter from scratch making your grinding your own flour to make bread. You were making money yet. We were and then headed the council respond to you. How did regulate is and the Health Department released on? Ta The interesting thing we saw was counseled loved it and support it but it was relying on an invisible imposter. A Korean investment compost machine which took one hundred kilos plus of waste a day and would through bacteria and hate. Turn that into ten percent of volume pretty much overnight so this is like a loop yes. I would take it back and put it on my phone and grow more food. That was that was the idea. Originally four really beans and my goal was to get all the surrounding cafes to supply as well. I wanted to get that whole line way. Basically organic waste free and at just over one hundred twenty miles. It went on for years and Indian I just had a full and then it just got to a point where the threaten the V. Cat and my lease was up and decided enough's enough is enough. I it needs to be on wheels because it's crown land so wheels on it but then you've got it on wheels but it's plugged into the wall so it's technically building just went on and on and on and people at the city will argue that. It's not the case but I went to so many meetings own it went on for so long the Iraqis at the best year yet so it was just a wonder two. We've got a very different men now. I wonder if I would open it today. I think sally would be very different. And make sure that the people down and it wasn't their fault. Either this is like a law. That's one hundred years old. You go at bureaucrats but food safety is a wonderful thing. I'm mighty glad that I don't risk my life. Well I probably do. But you know the bugs extensively. Don't get me and don't kill me thank penicillin for that or thank medicine for that. All thank food safety laws and regulations that so these things are set up to Cape as well and healthy as well. The for the right reasons. I mean the reason why faces in European killed people in the during the gold rush. The contaminated water was killed people. There's a reason why these laws exist. Yes if you want to go carbon and look out of your lovely hotel room that you're staying in at at the river flowing underneath and the kids playing in it and then guide hospital. You'll find out that about half the hospital. Bids are filled with children. Who have drunk the water and the system doesn't work what we call the great centralized system of taking water from well outside the city using it and getting the pathogens as far away from the people as possible has worked for a very long time. So it's a good system but it. It's not a sustainable system anymore. It was a great system when it was invented. It's no longer a great system. The laws about keeping the pathogens and the chemicals away from the people still great laws. Yeah we just have to reinvent here we do it so you want a radical rethink of how we think about waste about how we think about water. How we think about sewerage. What would you like to see done differently? And why I believe we could have enough water in the city for twenty five million people currently when we get to eight million. We're going to have to build a new diesel nation plant. We have taking salt water and making it. Fresh is very expensive way to do it and it. It perpetuates the model that we will go and find new water rather than fix up the water that we pollute every day and throw away. The problem is that we would need to exploit that. We would need to move to a distributed model. Not Unlike a an energy model an engine model would say we'll generate half my electricity in my house and it might not be the most efficient thing to do might do it at a precinct scale and dealing with wastewater is not something I would recommend the public does however at a precinct scale. We could create a new suburb was sustainable. In terms of its water us so we have a wastewater treatment plant and WOULDA treatment plant. That are the same thing so it would just be a water treatment plant. It would take at polluted. Water would take watering from sources. That may or may not be polluted and in Australia. We spent a lot of time protecting those sources but around the world on average we still use that model in the sources on predicted working Sarabhai or any new Asia with river that supplies the water for the city is twenty times more concentrated in wastewater than what we dispose of this wastewater. Wow here and yet die. Beehive as though it's a clean water source in terms of the purification process if they just accepted that distributed model it said it is polluted wastewater with clean it up as though it was wastewater. Let's do it properly. Let's produce gripe water in in actual fact. That city could change very radically if they try it as the centralized piece. It's very difficult. You've got to build huge sewage. You've got to build reservoirs you've got to build a whole range of things if you do it. As a distributed system you could actually stop tomorrow and so this model in a Harvard sense for a Melbourne. Where new suburbs could be like that but for other CDs with his saying. We're GONNA put in sewage system. I say why would we do that? I mean th th thinking about that Indonesian example. You climb that we can process. We produce water that is cleaner more pure in a sense than tap water if I look at the waters of the world and we do that for a living and I look at what we can produce out of recycled plant currently in Antarctica by any test chemical biological any taste. You WanNa do. We are far cleaner than any tap water in the world
"antarctica" Discussed on AP News
"Ones a record high temperature in Antarctica may have been recorded by an Argentine research base clear knowledge as a media officer with the U. N.'s world meteorological organization it's among the fastest warming regions of the planet we have a lot about the arctic but you know this particular part of the talked in an insular is warming very quickly the Esperanza based on the continent's northwest tip near South America recorded a reading shot at a women's sporting event set in nineteen ninety nine at the FIFA World Cup final in Pasadena California Perry said in a statement that she is all about celebrating a quality and the achievements of women Britain is set for another royal wedding Buckingham Palace announced Friday that Queen Elizabeth the second grand daughter princess Beatrice will marry in London the palace says Beatrice's thirty one and real estate entrepreneur and water my belly multi who's thirty seven we went in the chapel royal of some changes palace the queen will host a reception afterwards at Buckingham Palace Beatrice the elder daughter of prince Andrew and his ex wife Sarah Ferguson announcer engagements to multi last year he's a Briton descended from a noble Italian family the wedding date is set for may the twenty ninth seven five wire on Alexander and his twin brother army lieutenant colonel Yevgeny than men were both removed from their jobs at the White House president trump's response to Alexander's testimony to Congress in the impeachment investigation defense secretary mark Casper tells reporters have been mens are still in the service we welcome back all of our service members were they serve to any assignment they're they're given I'd I would refer you to to the army for any more detail on that a short time later ambassador Gordon son on who also testified announce he was recalled immediately from his post as ambassador to the European Union trump also take shots as on the Democrats running to take his place especially critical the problems with the Iowa caucuses embarrassing hello I'm not overly embarrassed by it I see the shows is going to this day it is a disaster trump is going to kill us on this one they're right seven of the Democrats running for president debate ahead of Tuesday's New Hampshire primary former vice president Joe Biden says he expects to take a hit since voters in the state normally back candidates from New Hampshire or neighboring states tech entrepreneur answer to Yang says while he and the others all want to defeat president trump in November his fellow Democrats are wrong in thinking trump is the problem he feels the problems this country faces have been growing for years if not decades more cases more deaths from the corona virus in China more people have been flown out of China to the U. S. where they will be quarantine for two weeks doctor Robert Redfield heads the CDC this is a serious global public health situation and it continues to fall rapidly it's understandable that Americans are concerned but again the immediate risk to the American public is low the CDC says it's unlikely people arriving from China will have symptoms this is a P. news a federal judge hands down the toughest sentence yet in the college admissions bribery scandal involving rich parents in top universities a B. Jackie Quinn with more Douglas Hodge has received the harshest penalty yet nine months in prison a three quarter of a million dollar fine and community service prosecutors say the sixty two year old former investment company C. E. O. paid out eight hundred fifty thousand dollars in bribes to get four of his children into the university of southern California and Georgetown University as fake athletic recruits he also allegedly tried to get another son into Loyola Marymount Hodges apologized in a statement read in court for tipping the scales in favor of his children over others more than fifty people were charged in the admissions team including actresses Felicity Huffman and Lori Loughlin I'm Jackie Quinn a total of twenty parents have pleaded guilty I'm to McGuire AP news more news right after this thank you for we.
"antarctica" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk
"Rejoining US Antarctica as we've just been hearing is an unusual place and it has a fittingly unusual history here to talk us through. It is Camila nickel chief chief executive of the Antarctic Heritage Trust Camilla is a straightforward answer to the question of who governs. Antarctica is nobody. It's governed under an international treaty under which fifty four nations have signed it and fifty one nations signed up to the the ideals and the cruises within the treaty. And it's through the treaty did it and taught to his governed so nobody ends it. There are territorial claims being talk about that a little bit more but these are set. Aside on the Antarctic Treaty there is that smaller cohort of countries smaller than the fifty four much smaller. Who Do actually claim a chunk of it? I can't remember being nerd ish enough that I I did have a small more collection of Australian Antarctic territory postage stamps as a kid. That's right So the pair between one thousand nine hundred and the second war number of nations put forward sovereign claims claims to portions of Antarctica UK. Was I possibly not surprisingly the U. K.. The first cave in one thousand nine eight then shortly thereafter. They encouraged strongly main coverage Australia New Zealand to do the same so they are still under president to that time. Of course. That's three unions. Eat and you have no way another with a big Antarctic nation and France as well and then you have the USA and Russia and the Soviet Union they were then they claim the right to claim the whole thing at any point in the future. Why was there that extraordinary gap between the discovery of Antarctica? Two hundred years ago this week and those first claims being asserted in the early years of the twentieth century. Was it just that everybody looked at time tactic and just thought. What are you supposed to do that and decided to leave it there? Well the vest discovery it came about as she because the sealy industry so the nations were looking for new stocks of seals. In who gets you'll pelts and sell them back up north and in the eighteen twenties there are a number number of ships operational Dan so she's getting more more further south and it was only the few pining brave souls that measure penetrate the first I drake passage which isn't a torty difficult passage of water but also into the ice so fifty years previously in seventeen seventy s captain cook course famous circumnavigates Antarctica. Okay Cross Antarctic Circle. Three times failed to spot the continent. If you look at the map of where he went to you could see the you've just crossed a little bit higher. He probably would have seen something but it was ice conditions and the small ships and they weren't ice strengthened ships. These these vessels. They're using so they couldn't be terribly brave in terms of pushing into the ice because they would difficult stuck in one thousand nine hundred. William Smith was on the brink Williams and he found the South Shetland islands and he's spotted those went back Valparaiso and got instructions. Underneath Captain Edward Brownfield to head South again. The following season in January to go and find Antarctica must be there beyond the South Shetland Islands so Brownfield Field Irishman from Cork leading this royal naval expedition. Or but on a merchant ship did just that and on the thirty January eighteen twenty spotted the Antarctic peninsula and named aimed at Chelsea land. You mentioned those. I claims stopped being made around the beginning of the twentieth century. And that is of course just in time to queue up the two world wars which which both had consequences far beyond the primary battlefields in Europe. was there ever any echo of the registered in Antarctica which Oh you had all these potentially rival nations huddled or again did everybody just look at the prospect of the potential battlefield before the been this. This does those look like kind of hard work well. The festival certainly didn't we registered Antarctica so that period was still this lot wailing going on. So they're they're winning fleet still down on their wedding Stations doping operated famous the men from Shackleton's Expedition Endurance Expedition. All came off. That expedition went straight into war. So that was the kind of the notable bull so first of all story the second is interesting so the Second World War is where those sorts of tensions were really starting to rise temperatures. Were starting to rise. Certainly and it was was in response to these kind of geopolitical maneuverings by several nations particularly the UK that Argentina Chile joined the race and they asserted their claims ninety four. Three eight hundred forty four and this really just Rosa temperature and in forty three the UK the colonial office and the Admiralty said. Having none of this we need to assert sovereignty not a little more explicitly so they salvage operation tavern which was a secret mission to go down to documents and established wintering basis. So this is so we could they could have wintering purser people on on Antarctica on the ground year round creating facts on the ground as diplomats. Like to put her thing yes. It's sort of absolutely said that there's a physical British present Serta Times prior to that you'd had vessels going down during the summer season but outside of that not much but Argentina and Chile were were starting wanting to do the same. There was a bit of a race of flag-planting flag removal clotting but little little huts being built plaques being installed and removed and it was. It's getting a little silly. It never came to blows. There's plenty of blows on Northern Hemisphere Dunes. But certainly this this operation fresh tavern from the case for interview establishes wintering being stations and established for formerly the total claim. So that was the limit of open conflict a certain amount of I guess cosmetic Rg Bulgy indeed aide continued through the forties and fifties and of course after the Second World War. The Cold War ensued the tension sort of moved to between the US and the USSR and stations are being built and the survival of sessions have claimed the whole continent but it wasn't until the nineteen fifty seven and the intellectual fiscal year. which was this extraordinary year of Science Science International Collaborative effort for science mostly in Antarctica? Excuse me but pretty much. It was and that was a global effort across nations between nations crossing boundaries to study Antarctica. So there's all sorts going on. It worked tremendously well as eighteen months extraordinary science and collaboration and it paved the way for the treaty. Not we can collaborate here if we remove territorial claims remove any military activity ending that if we're focusing on things like science. There's a collaboration that can happen here. And this this paved the way for the Treaty of fifty nine. How did the fifty nine treaty? Actually do that. What was the framework that enabled all these current and past and potential future rivals to either agree or agree to disagree on certain things? He's that so the initial centuries to the treaty when they're twelve of them and these actually where the the nation's with US often claims significant activity in Antarctica so these nations got together in in Washington for some weeks to negotiate this treaty. Now I think the final final treaty is short is any forty clauses. It's pretty elegant. It's it's pretty straightforward pragmatic that simplicity I think reveals what what has been kept out so so all those things number of things that just are not included in the treaty that obviously to contentious and therefore they focused in on setting aside the consonant for peaceful the scientific purposes. They outlawed all nuclear activity later. And any mineral exploitation anything like that and then later protocols environmental portal came into force all switch really rigorously manage environment. So in terms of Wildlife Managing Tourism Heritage Management Waste Management that sort of thing shipping so the final treaty is possibly the ultimate compromise that she it is incredibly workable. It's enforced through domestic government so every nation secrecy nation passes totic law onto which it upholds the the laws of the treaty and all activity by any nation is permitted by domestic government. So any activity we do is permitted by the Foreign Office here and anything. Any transgressions are then punished or considered under domestic law. You have yourself travel to Antarctica several times. Has it been your experience. That is a genuine cooperative community or or obvious. Still rivalries are their transgressions alday disputes. Does anybody have pushed their luck. With the terms of the fifty eighteen Andreotti on the ground in Antarctica. There are very many people. Really you know any given time I think The maximum people in highest peak is six thousand. They're very spread apart around the content. But it's an incredibly collaborative place so whilst there may be robust discussions around the treaty table said there's an Antarctic Treaty meeting every year between the rival nations. You'd expect those are not played at quite the same way down in Antarctica so for example we look after she cites there today. In an Argentinean stations. Nearby I am very closely the team we have done there. Have Klay spacious with the Argentine. They bring station. There's search and rescue. Reciprocal such rescue arrangements. The Navy Eh. If ever there is anybody in the navy will appear and and a rescue when our teams are on remote feel camps considering the remote sites often the the today in basis like San Mateo will radio in and say we're here for need us. We've got a doctor here and we'll come over and visit you in a few weeks. So it's an interesting positive playing out of Intellectual Inc.. The two hundred. Th Anniversary of the discovery of Antarctica is obviously a failure. Spacious anniversary in the annals of exploration are the great celebrations versions of this moment planned semi the Antarctic heritage. Trust to whom I see. We have a new program called Antarctica insight which is a cultural program which is engaging with artists artists. Scientists historians young people to look at Antarctica to consider the last two hundred years. And I think that that two hundred isn't terribly long to have been involved in a content content on a to reflect on those two hundred years of human activity there the good in the bat but also to think about the present and the future. What kind of Antarctica? What kind of constantly we handy onto the next generation and how they can take responsibility for it and how equipping them to do that so I'm going to be some autism conventions is going to be exhibitions? Talks workshops learning programs in an schools activities. Help people engage that every meaningful way just one final question on behalf of listeners. Who Like My Sofa? incandescently jealous because they've never been to Antarctica. Do you have a favorite part of it. Of course a potluck Roy. Of course it is an extraordinary place because what you've got is the coming together of extraordinaire landscape even agenda Penguin Colony. which brings you this extraordinary life and humor and and raw wildlife off as well as a historic site which has all the significance of it being the birthplace of Shanti Science and that is tangible you can smell it and taste it in the air? When you're there sits a special special place Camilla Nickel?.
"antarctica" Discussed on The Science Show
"What happens to the surrounding oceans. And that's what's motivating our work at the moment going on the field. Yes exactly what's happening to Arctic. Ice Sheet is something that for a long time. It's been the largest uncertainty in terms of future sea level rise but satellite data shows us. That not only is Antarctica. Losing mass overall therefore raising sea level but the rate which is losing masses accelerating. And so we see that in west Antarctica and just recently. We've done some work. In fact on the voyage H we took the Aurora Australis to place ship. It never been before the front of the totten glacier. The glacier is important because this single glacier holds enough ice nice to increase equivalent to three and a half meters of global sea level rise about half a greenland in this one Antarctic glacier satellite data hits told us that it was thinning. But it didn't didn't fit the pattern. Warm water wasn't supposed to get there and so on that voyage The ship was reaching the front of the totten glacier and we found that actually there is warm water reaching that part of East Tactica. That's important because most of the ice more than ninety percent of the Antarctic ice sheet is in the eastern part of Antarctica. So if that's also exposed to warm ocean moderns debts are concerned. It means that we need to take that contribution to sea level rise into account as well have you told skomer my doors open and we're doing everything we can. Maybe use doors closed to communicate the scientists effectively as we can but sometimes it is a challenge whose moods so Merz. Let's was part of the famous Australian Arctic Explorer Douglas Mawson's expedition down to Commonwealth Bay and one of his colleagues who was a particularly skilled skier And so he took Murzyn on his trip west to explore west of Commonwealth Bay famous story. I'm sure all of you know it but it didn't didn't go so well so new. NFL Crevasse with most of their food Murzyn and Mawson continued on. They didn't realize at the time that eating dog liver was not a good idea. You and Mertz died and so eventually got back to the base just in time to see the ship. Sailing away and spent another winter is famous. That's Australian Antarctic Story. So much somewhere down. The glossier and Mitch is on the move again. I understand stand. That's right so in two thousand ten long extension of the Mertz Glacier broke off in a forum to a massive iceberg about eighty kilometers long and Benoi. Ny Legacy one of my colleagues. It's IRO works on. Glaciers did a calculation of where merged body would have been at the time of the glacier calving and it looks likely that he's he's on the move and floating along with this massive icebergs. See Twenty eight which is making its way westward and so much is on the move again on the move again now I mentioned William Hewlett before Cambridge invented the word scientist in a question from Coleridge. The poet actually heating thirty three and the other word that he mentioned. You mentioned a number of words in signs many many of them and the the one I'm very fond of is conciliates because that's to do with a number of different elements of evidence. You have to make a case that something is so and when you come to climate change here you have in Antarctica and the southern ocean and all of what you're measuring yourself and your colleagues so many elements and you add those all the other ones they've got for example in San Diego the keeling curve killing he went up the mountain. The measured calm dockside. First Time no one knew why and he told this graph going up and up and up and up and up and anyway these numbers of evidence you got fifty one hundred. Two eight hundred. The evidence is staggering. Isn't it that we have a problem. The evidence now is completely clear that climate it is changing. It's changing more rapidly with time and that human actions are responsible so that the scientific evidence for that is clear the the scientific evidence is also clear that we were humanity was blessed in a way by getting delivered a fat wallet full of Carbon To get it through the lifetime of humanity but the temperature of the earth depends on how much of that carbon we spend. It's a very clear almost linear relationship and so forth nightly pay packet and you blow it all in the first. Tonight's IT'S GONNA be tough to eat later on and that's basically what we're doing with our carbon budget. If we WANNA keep carbon below level at which the consequences will be manageable. We need to rein in the rate at which we're using up the carbon that we were blessed with in the analogy is not so distant not so far fetched in the sense that we will literally find it more difficult to feed ourselves and to find shelter as levels rise and the other consequences of climate. Change come through unless we change our behavior one of the things. I WANNA come back to the notion about what you see if I go into a conference. Mm Front in North America in February gigantic snow into these huge cold winters and people come and say well. Where's with global warming gone? Tom and here is a case. Of in fact it's suggested took the wind up. North a wobbling and bringing down these Turkey Nicole streams of air and similarly. Do you get wobbles with the current in the Southern Ocean or do you get some changes to the currents that way we get wobbles in the current but also wobbles in wins over the Southern Ocean currents respond to those some of those are natural wobbles but some are are caused by human activities and there's not just carbon dioxide but of course the ozone hole is a big issue in the south and so as the ozone hole develops the winds shifted did south and that was a direct response of the system to a human forcing but a different one than the greenhouse gas. And the other thing that really puzzled me is is that with what you described these huge ocean moving so fast down the south unimpeded by quick continents nonetheless. You can take water coming all the way from the Arctic all the way from the north. How do you do that so it is connected? So the the global ocean circulation is fully connected and so the properties ladies that are set when water sinks from the surface in the North Atlantic. Give a parcel of water. At a certain fingerprint that allows us to identify the origin of that water. The reason is so important for climate really is that it plays a big role in driving that global network of ocean currents and it's that global conveyor belt of ocean currents the transports heat and carbon into the oceans when we talk about global warming. It's not so well known that it's really ocean warming that we're talking about more than ninety three percent. Ah of the extra heat energy that's been stored by the planet over. The last fifty years is found in the oceans. The implication of that is if you want to track how climate is changing. We really really need to be using that Planetary Monitor. It is the ocean we need to be measuring the oceans but the oceans also influenced by taking up so far about a third or thirty eighty percent of the carbon dioxide we've emitted into the atmosphere. It's a service. The Ocean is provided in the Southern Ocean is the primary way that heat and carbon dioxide get into the oceans. So that's why it's so crucial that we understand how the southern ocean works now and also how it may change in the future because if it becomes less efficient it picking up carbon dioxide decide that will act as a positive feedback and that will further accelerate the rate of climate change. You think the heat will come out of the ocean instead of being absorbed by it so it does eventually come back out again and how long it takes depends on how deep it goes in. What part of the ocean circulation gets wrapped up in so the changes in those ocean currents are part of how climate change will unfold now? Obviously we've talked about a number of different elements here and you're getting two point. Perhaps perhaps although it seems to me a consistent story that you might find duct members of the public stop giving so many elements. How'd you put them together? What do you you say when they seem to be asking that question you know? What's what's the big story? What's the clear line? And why do you keep having to have more and more evidence adding up. You know I said that. The evidence is clear that climate is changing and what that evidence is is looking for changes in all parts of the system in the atmosphere. The ocean the ice the land and vegetation. We know what to expect in terms of the pattern of change and so when we look across all those different parts of the system. It's all pointing in a consistent direction. It's all changing aging in a way that's consistent with climate change signal. Put another way why you keep having to do more research to find out more things and what are you doing infected among among. We don't need to do more research to show. The climate is changing. We need to know. Exactly how rapidly climate is going to change because that will affect the actions we take and we need to communicate clearly the evidence that we have already obviously because it's important to remember that it's not too late but time is running running out that wallet of carbon that we have it's getting pretty thin and that has to last us for the rest of humanity. The grounds for optimism are that were making and changes to decouple our economy from carbon at a rate faster than we ever have. It's already cheaper to build a renewable energy with storage jdpower plant than it is to build a coal-fired power plant. It's already impossible to get an Australian insurance company to ensure your coal mine. The future is is coming. The problem is it's been a little slow and if we were where we are now thirty years ago we'd be a much better position what it means is we're we're in a race and we've given the other guy very big headstart and so we have to use every tool that we have to try to catch up one thing. The brilliant puzzles me. Everyone it comes back to the dollars and the GRANTHAM institute which is connected to the London School of Economics led by Lord Stern Nicholas. Stern must be by the Lord. They did the crunching the numbers to find out whether it would cost so much to tackle climate change or whether you save money and it turned out that you'd say between one point five. Trillion and two trillion pounds pounds are going down to still Laura Laura money and when you talk to politicians about saving lower our money they say well that's in ten years fifteen years. I'm concerned about next week because people want to have smaller electricity bills. How do you argue with people like that? When they're saying we we won't it now? It's a challenge but I think part of the story that perhaps we haven't told so. Well this is actually the one you've put your finger on which is that. It's actually much more costly to us. to not act and it's more costly not just economically but it is more costly economically. But it's more costly socially in terms of health off and the environment and so it doesn't really depending on your values and what you're concerned about is a compelling argument that it makes a lot more sense sense for us to take action to slow the pace of climate change than it does to do nothing to trillion pounds huge amounts of money. We could say there are so many efficient things. I have been broadcast in any number of different schemes for improving things getting cheaper energy more Stable energy and on it goes to the question is turning it around the willingness to do it soon. Have you had arguments with decision makers on that yourself. Well alive count except for when directed which does happen. I've had a series of interesting conversations with a a number of Australian parliamentarians including Senator Malcolm Roberts for example. You may know and it's a it's an interesting experience France. What's clear is that people do use values and making decisions and their beliefs and there are those who are disinclined to act on climate change? Come from a number the different positions but many of them are ideological and they would prefer. It wasn't so and so they find arguments to support the idea that it isn't so it's tough to reconcile that point of view with science because none of the science points in that way and so the challenge is optimism is is important and we need to paint a future that is possible and achievable. It gets more difficult the longer we wait but the truth is that it's it's not too late. And if we act soon we can avoid committing ourselves to consequences that we can't undo and I think that's an important part of the story which is sometimes missed. It is the idea of commitment and Arctic. Ice Sheet for large parts of it to melt may take a century a couple of centuries but we may commit ourselves was to that happening within a couple of decades or decade because for some of the glaciers in Antarctica. Once they start to go. There's no way to turn it off. It's a self fulfilling self-reinforcing process and that's just one example. And so I think when I speak to people and they realized yeah well some people say well. It's hundred years from now. I don't care but if you say that the decisions you make in the next ten years to determine whether that happens in one hundred years we're not that changes how people think about it a little bit now some questions. I'm going to come down here and while I'm walking down. The steps are mentioned. Two things that encourage rage optimism. One of them is a book was published just over a year ago called drawdown by Paul Hawkins with two hundred different ways that you can do something constructive either an industry in work or whatever and they're all costed and you have an indication on each two pages of each the example of the state of whatever it is scheme so there are two hundred different suggestions. There's another film actually called twenty forty with a book matched and they're also examples there plenty of them of what we can do what we can do now. Who would like to ask? Question of Steve the Amana Carbon. That goes up into the atmosphere. There's a level of it when it leaves the water or lays the ground goes up. What dissipated to go up into the atmosphere like what level of breath carbon is omitted from the ground to what it gets up at the top and is there any way to actually dilute? What's coming up before it gets to the atmosphere? The the atmosphere is pretty well stirred mixed up the lower part of the atmosphere so as we omitted the surface it tends to get mixed up through the atmosphere and there are natural processes that remove not that we add but the lifetime of co two molecule. Once it's in the atmosphere is I think a one hundred years or more and so so. This is a gas that sticks around for a while once we put it in the atmosphere unless it's ends up in a plant or in the ocean for example in terms of trying to stop it before it gets in the atmosphere there are techniques of scrubbing. Co Two gas out of smokestacks for example before it reaches the atmosphere. None of that has been proven and yet at the scale that we needed to do. And the the intergovernmental panel on climate change recent did a report on the global warming by one and a half degrees which is the target that the countries of the world set for themselves to try to keep warming blow one and a half to two degrees above the pre industrial level. Most of the scenarios that make that possible require something that doesn't exist yet. which is something called negative emissions technologies? These are things that will actually remove co two from from the air. They depend though scenarios. Most of them depend on having that technology sometime. But we're not there yet so it's just one example of where sciences needed what and we might do is actually change policy on knocking down forests. Did you see the front cover of the Economist magazine. If you didn't look it up it shows all the stumps and and talks about the Brazilian death. Wish for the Amazon knocking. The trees down at such a rate to Manhattan's a week. And what we need is is one point two trillion trees which will make a huge difference to that equation question here in key mines to potter. I think we're a little bit blindsided. The federal election to see how few voters.
"antarctica" Discussed on The Science Show
"Were going otherwise they see them on the beach and then they're gone. They don't know what they do. So they invented tags that would allow them to know where the seals were how deep they dove and also to measure things like temperature and salinity so they actually knew what sort of water they were forging so it really started with biologists and then the oceanographers realized that hold it. This is amazing because not only do they dive that deep but they go there and winter when we're usually back at home and so the seals have really South of sixty degrees south. We now have more Oceana graphic data collected by seals than in the history of chip-based oceanography. What should of Allah Gist are you? Are you a physicist. Assist physical oceanographer and a climate scientist covers the field. Isn't it now. What I want to know is how is the southern thousand part the ice getting on because what we saw of the northern part it really is crumbling? And we were vaguely aware aware of the West Part pent-up what about the other part so when we talk about ice down South we have to be clear to pay attention to whether we're talking about the is the frozen seawater or the ice. That's on the Arctic ice sheet. So we'll talk about the Antarctic ice sheet and Arctic Ice Sheet. It's an immense amount of ice. If all of that ice melted into the sea it would raise global sea level double by about fifty eight meters. That's not going to happen anytime soon. But as that ice runs off the continent and reaches the ocean it starts to float and that means it's exposed to the ocean and if the ocean warms or if currents carry warm water beneath those floating ice shelves the shells melts or thin and so particularly in west Antarctica. The ice shelves are thinning. And they're retreating. What happens then? Is the ice shelves like a buttress holding the ice on Antarctica and without that force that back for us that's provided by the shells more ice floes off the continent in into the ocean and that raises sea level and so in that sense the future of Antarctica A- and the Antarctic ice sheet is really tied to what happens to the surrounding oceans. And that's what's motivating our work at the moment going on the field. Yes exactly what's happening to Arctic. Ice Sheet is something that for a long time. It's been the largest uncertainty in terms of future sea level rise but satellite data shows us. That not only is Antarctica. Losing mass overall therefore raising sea level but the rate.
"antarctica" Discussed on Past Gas
"Hello Today on pass gas. We are starting our two-part series on the machines of Antarctica. Dang doing I'm so excited for this one get used to enunciating Antarctica because it's hard is that the north part of the south part is the south that is the South Pole is located at at the Antar at the Antarctic. The penguins are there. They actually just drilled down like thousands of feet into this lake. That hasn't even been been touched in like millions of years. That's the only so you get like the thing. The thing right. Yeah why are we messing around with that kind of stuff. Didn't we learn anything from the thing ever seen John Carpenter film Anyway so yeah to give you guys some context here listener We're going to start with the very beginning of ant Arctic exploration and see why they needed machines in the first place. Because you know what kind of it's hard to get around Tell you that much. There's no buses. Let's say that. Yeah let's get that out of the way no uber no scooters here's There will be car talk near the end of this episode. We just have to get there so get yourself some hot cocoa ready because it's about the cold in here. Hey guys welcome to the pass gas podcast. If you like passed gas please help us grow by giving us a good rating and a nicer view on the podcasts platform of your choice to really help us out and I really appreciate that. So thank you all right now for the show on board his ship. The resolution captain James Cook. I discovered the continent of Antarctica on January. Anuary thirty-first seventeen seventy five after discovering quote discovering New Zealand and circling the globe. A few years prior cook hated that much of the Pacific still remained unexplored so he had returned to find what he believed to be a hidden seventh continent many offered to do this exploration for him but he refused to let others hinder his imperialistic. Swag Cook. Listen you've done a lot. aww exploring let us do some exploring. Come on no no way Jose. I'm going into that frigid seventh continent so he set Out to find it for himself he had thought he discovered the continent but he refused to row ashore in claiming land for the British Empire because the land he saw appeared inhospitable and believe it would never serve as an asset of the British Empire as it turned out though James Cook had not discovered the true continent of Antarctica Instead he'd only discovered the Sandwich islands but that didn't matter to him nor his explorations investors back in England and to him any further southern expiration would be pointless as the southern sea was just too dangerous and was as cold outside the icebound continent was now globally understood to be a worthless asset but time would soon challenge that idea cook. Never got the chance to be proven urban wrong. No as he was dismembered and killed on a Hawaiian beach seven. Seventeen not yet he. That's a whole other story Shortly after he quote again discovered covered Hawaii's existence. At least he was in a Hawaiian place. Mahalo babies because of Cook Britain did not yet James Cook. It's not a good guy I can just want to say that Britain did not have any intention to explore the frozen wasteland but there is a different sentiment over in Russia in eighteen eighteen nineteen czar Alexander the first dispatched to Pacific expeditions with the sole intention of discovering the Antarctic continent. He knew there'd be some scientific havoc benefits to such an exploration but what he really wanted to demonstrate was his control to Alexander. The control of both the North and South Poles would be global demonstration. Shen of CZAR's power to the entire world kind of Mir's like Russian history has been like that forever whether just like we want power. Russia has a very very complicated in super interesting history. Yeah yeah it is kind of funny to think the guy was like I want top of world I want but them of world middle report little sweaty down there. Also it's hilarious because most of Russia's it's like frozen wasteland and they're like I want more. I want more shout who are Russian listeners. Retrieve again on January twenty seventh eighteen. Twenty honey the Russian expeditions crossed the inked Arctic Circle. It was the second expedition to have ever done. So and just one day later the crew of the Russian ship the Vostok stock reported sighting of the continent the once again. The discovery was only Some more islands close to enter Sandwich Islands. It's pretty hard to discover land. It's made out of Ice Mountains and snow. The first actual actual sighting of Antarctica was by a small American crew of Seal L. Hunters and February eighteen. Twenty one But the siding was swept under the rug as only quote real explorers could make such a discovery. Would you ever eat seal meat. I couldn't do that now. Acute Dank you I would imagine it to be very like fatty almost for sure goose of ood Uh Cows or whatever yeah actually kind of sounds good in one elsewhere uh-huh q.. Magic being a seal hunter in eighteen twenty. One there's nothing more shittier. Think of on a boat in the water. Freezing your balls. Yeah Yeah and then you have to like you can't shoot him. You have to club beat the John. James Kirk had described the land as inexpressible Sibley horrid in every aspect At this point in time the existence of Antarctica had yet to actually be proven but race to be the first to truly discover the continent had begun gun. I it was the Russians that wanted a piece like we said then the French came along then the British and the Americans and even chilly at a point a joint German Norwegian exploration team was formed to try to claim some of the land. What made this team unique? Though was the people it was composed of the majority of the group. whaler's tough men who a thing or two about being cold like being cold. They're the closest to experts on the terrain that existed at the time. Now finally the first actual landing aunt and Artika was by another group of seal hunters in eighteen fifty three report. Nobody cared and the Norwegian expedition declared themselves the first people to ever stepped foot on the land on January twenty fourth eighteen. Seventy five life. The feeling of being the first people to have ever stepped foot on on the new land was quote strange yet pleasurable Until at least the locals attacked. It took nick two hours to fight off a colony of Adelie penguins with sticks but once they hunted a few seals They they left after that so I guess they got attacked by paying win. Some seals bounced I think that's so crazy that these people from like take the top of the world. Just go all the way down here. Pangolins Edith and like okay. We did it. The Norwegian whalers arrived to prove that landing was possible there returned to the land would be accompanied by a wave of scientists and explorers. They had unknowingly kicked off. What would become the quote heroic age of Antarctic exploration that would dominate the early twentieth century? If you don't know much about the terrain of Antarctica it sucks WCHS allot original. Explores did not see much commercial gain from the continent. They saw tremendous scientific value for their home countries. Though specifically Britain Britain has a nasty habit of wanting to dominate. Every piece of land in sight So most things were done in the view of how could this benefit Britain. Well there there is always we need for our T.. Don't don't people in your typically not like ice in their beverage yeah uh-huh that's true so weird So that might have been something other than have a warm Dr Pepper night. Yeah like after after a hundred years of this place people like they go down there they see it there. There's nothing here and then it's like they forget fifty years later another group the report stuff they get down there. There's nothing there might be or get their Joe. We'll get back to more pass gas right now over at my sponsors a private expeditions skyrocketed in hopes to claim the land for Britain Britain took the lead When it came to the expedition's but the Germans also wanted a little piece? Kaiser Wilhelm the second wanted wanted to dominate the southern seas solely leave for Prestige and glory and began sending expeditions down to claim territory for Germany. Everyone's is freaking going down there in nineteen ninety one. The British ship discovery departed from London's east India. Docks onboard were two men who had become the most infamous explorers of all time. Ernest Shackleton and Robert Falcon Scott. Really good names. Yeah yeah those are sick ball and asked me on this expedition. They explored nearly five hundred sixty kilometers inland. And we're officially claimed all of Antarctica for Britain much like when the US astronauts. Linda Moon so we basically claim the Moon Right we on the moon we on the mound. Yeah you against ah other. Countries claim that the land was obviously too vast to be conquered by single run like that so they continued sending more and more expeditions in nineteen. You know seven Shackleton's set off aboard the Nimrod in an attempt to claim the earth to conquer the poll and undisputably conquered the land for Britain. Okay wait it. Quick aside for Nimrod a lot of people think it means dumb no but that's only because of the bugs bunny cartoon Nimrod was actually like in accomplished hunter in Old Greek Lore. WHOA so it was? He was saying ironically to Elmer fudd.
"antarctica" Discussed on Weather Geeks
"This week on the weather. Geeks podcast, we go to the bottom of the earth Antarctica, a white desert covered in snow and ice. But did, you know plant an algae make up an underwater forest at its edges, and that these plants can be used to develop drugs to help with cancer and the flu Dr James McLintock from the university of Alabama Birmingham joins us to discuss. Why studying this part of the world is important. And why so many people are making the trip down to Antarctica to learn more about the region and experienced climate change inaction. Thank you for joining us. I'm Dr Marshall shepherd from the university of Georgia. It's a pleasure. Well, let's just dive right in first of all welcome over to Atlanta. We're talking about some really interesting topics today. You you go to an Arctic. So as we are actually talking about this. We're in may. So it's the other side of the seasonal calendar there. So what is it? There in are there people there in an article right now. Well, the equivalent to may and Antarctica would be sort of mid fall right now, my colleagues Chuck and Maggie Adams there in three of our our students are down there right now. Winter is coming on. I can tell you because I've been down there this time year that getting light about ten in the morning. It's getting dark about three in the afternoon and from emails and keeping in touch with my group. I know that they've had days where they just, you know, can't get outside there, the winds blowing, but the weather does pick up every now and then and perk up for going out and getting into the field and scuba diving and doing all the kinds of things that are marine ecology research is involved in. And let me just kind of set the stage for who you are for for our listeners, you're at the UAB polar and marine biology endowed. Professor the author of lost and Artika and a new book a naturalist ghost fishing. That's right. We'll talk about both of those today, and you're going to be honored in June. Then in Davos with the scar.
"antarctica" Discussed on Stuff They Don't Want You To Know Audio
"Yeah, but other, you know, just kind of like Moines did. We did an episode on Grimwasde and we talked a little bit about the Necker NAMA con- yeah, another HP lovecraft creation. He's very adamant that's work of fiction, but people like this story so much that they want it to be real. Yeah. In some cases they kinda slender mandate isn't it becomes a self fulfilling prophecy, much like slender man has at least once yet. And then the last thing which we don't have time for, but we'd love to refer you to one of the first videos we've ever done the fool society. Yes. The idea that there is a civilization or ruins of civilization that survived some great cataclysm by going underground. Round similar to the Ben folds five song with ancient technology and that the Nazi party and the US military were both aware of this possibility. And as they were exploring the region through various various cover stories through the use of various cover stories like operation, high jump out, they were instead actually exploring these the possibility of these subterranean civilizations or waging war upon one another in secret at the south pole. Those are fascinating tales and all in an attempts to gain the favor of whatever civilization is down there. Yes, yes. And spoiler alert there, of course, the Nazis in this tale in this tale, the Nazi party thought that the subterranean civilization would of course be aerienne. Yeah. Yeah, and super into geopolitical happenings on the surface world the because it's. You know. I have nothing to say there. It's just it's, it's messed up. It's it's an interesting story and you'll a lot of Antarctica has not been fully explored, certainly not to the extent that other continents have. Yeah. And we have to remember there's still parts of there's still very remote parts of the world where no human being has ever set foot that have nothing to do with Antarctica. This is this is one of the concepts that early on when we started making this show been really got me into even further into these subjects, some of these, especially ancient civilizations. This one in particular Klaudia. Yeah, no, really be because I could imagine a world in where it was real only because we've found so many real things in in this world where opposing powers have been in a race to achieve something I or get somewhere. I because the other team is going to get there. For sure. At some point, we just have to get there before them and with everything from nuclear powers our lands to ensure this. Yeah. And so this was just another version of it for me where maybe there was something there or at least to establish bases on versus if some. Yeah, I'm so sorry. Mashes said operation Stargate. Oh, yeah. Started not wrecked in kale Tra. Yeah, that's a great point. This is if it's not a thing, a government did it certainly in line with the MO of most world powers. Yeah. So this leads us to conclusions, right? We don't at this point, have any solid proof that there was some sort of permanent settlements. In in Antarctica, at least not antiquity, and we don't have proof that there was even a a notable temporary settlement, much less a civilization or remnants of an ancient civilization, and this problem where this lack of knowledge is compounded by the fact that it's just devilish -ly difficult to do a lot of exploration in Antarctica, at least it becomes devilishly expensive. Yes, and astray of difficult just to get any kind of transportation there. Right. And now we're in a situation where our entire species and whatever Eldridge species may await us under the ice. Doesn't have to wait much longer because as the as the earth leaves as temperatures shift around the planet, we know that glaciers are receding. They're losing mass Ryan's. It's just getting a little warmer in most places, and we do know that we will see some pretty strange things when the ice actually melts depending on where it melts we, for instance, we don't know very much about the dinosaurs range of animals that roamed Antarctica when part of Gondwana. So. All we found so far about the from fossil life. There are going to be things that we could dig up on the margins of coastal islands or exposed mountains that have gone above the glaciers, and they're the few places that don't have a thick layer of ice. We might also find sources of geothermal energy. We are almost certain to find forms of life that.
"antarctica" Discussed on Stuff They Don't Want You To Know Audio
"Far reaches a Russian stuff that we can say for sure that it's, it's it's almost certain that different small groups of people interacted largely through trade and exploration in ways that we have yet to understand. Absolutely. I feel that's. It is safe to say that it's actually very safe to say that and your word of the day is an acronym. Said a word of the day. I think everybody should be. Yeah, but it's fun to say. I think that's all it takes the day. It is. It is if you want to be a real pedantic, nerd insult person. Yeah, can always decide to call someone anachronistic when you think they're not being cool. Using completely inappropriately to. But but yes, all that aside this this map itself is an agglomeration of twenty twenty something other earlier maps that already existed before it was made in fifteen thirteen and. Moose cartographers, mainstream historians today, believe the map does not actually depict Antarctica. That's a bummer. It's a bummer because it looks cool. You can see how it would you. You can see how someone could look at that and say, holy smokes Antarctica. There's a group called bad archaeology and they have a great right up on this. We recommend visiting their website for more details. Just Google bad archaeology period race. But we do have a quote, describing their conclusions about this map. It shows no unknown lands least of all Antarctica and contained errors such as Columbus's belief that Cuba wasn't Asian peninsula who swing in a miss. Yes, errors that not to have been present if it derived from extremely accurate ancient originals. And it also conforms to the prevalent, geographical theories of the early sixteenth century, including things like balancing landmasses in the north, with others in the south too. Keep the earth from tipping over. Yeah, don't wanna do that because it's balanced on the on a turtle's back. That's right. True Sawyer. The the idea that the earth itself is sort of like a. Has its own geographical equilibrium too many continents of one air quotes side or another will inevitably tip the scales because it's. Right? Although it was relatively common knowledge at the time that the world was globe take that for which will the the maps is based on our older, but they're not. They're not ancient. It's not as if they found some six thousand year old. Sumerian map depicting lands that had never been heard of in the modern day and said, let's just copy this, right? Yeah, at least according to the different experts who have examined the actual map. So unfortunately periods while being an incredibly tantalizing possible indicator of ancient exploration of an article if not ancient civilizations in that continent, and just a cool map and just a cool met. Unfortunately, it really is a tantalizing thing because it doesn't deliver. It doesn't. It doesn't hold up, but we would be remiss if we did. Shout out something completely different. I think thing that we're all fans of, which is. Are. And. HP lovecraft as the author of the mountains of madness famous author, terrible person, inspired millions of people with his story. I was so taken. I was hypnotized by your depiction of these of these ancient pre human races got a little mad there for a moment, but I'm feeling better. Now you're back off the mountain. Yeah. So it's it's. And I want to say it's a really well written story, but it's a, it's, it's very, it makes a great impression. It's cool in people. Yeah, that's one of the best ways is so cool. And and the idea there is that there is an there ruins of an ancient pre human civilization hidden in the hinterlands of Antarctica. That has not been proven on this bite. What some people have tried to depict in earlier arguments on the fringes. There HP lovecraft was writing fiction. He knew he was writing fiction and he liked it..
"antarctica" Discussed on Stuff They Don't Want You To Know Audio
"So why would we see monuments but not see the homes of the people who lived in nearby, right? Maybe they're just so far covered by the ice, maybe only the monuments are large enough to be visible. Well, maybe grandma handcocks thirteen less than thirteen thousand years ago. Williams six thousand years ago. Maybe their way off on how long ago structures were there because we do know that that over time nature takes over. And we'll erase almost anything like weathering and just like totally wearing down mountains over time, and it's crazy. But yeah, I'd love to see a time lapse of them pretty cool. Yeah, exactly. But then you have to start thinking, well, then how old have humans or at least intelligent life actually been on this planet. Right, right. Which that date keeps it seems to get pushed back further and further every decade. You know, Minu discoveries who new discoveries going back as far as what sixty thousand years, I think is one of the newer ones at least close to where we're at right now. So. There's also argument that we've brought nature into this. There's also an argument that maybe the ice on Antarctica is not even if it formed millions of years ago. Maybe it wasn't as constant a presence as we have initially assumed. Interesting. Maybe the ice ebbed and flowed. You know what I mean? Waxed and waned. Maybe there were times when the glaciers retreated away from coastal areas, right? Then possible and maybe they did that for long amounts of time. Yeah, there. There's so many possibilities. I, I bet there are scientists out there going. No, absolutely. Not. Studying this entire life and no, you can't say that. Well, we don't know. That's true. We don't know, and we're not saying that the entire thing is covered with a glacier. At this point. It's just it's still inhospitable. Yeah. So we can tell you, however, about a very particular map, which for people who believe in our to maybe more familiar with to our species than we have always assumed this is sometimes seen as a smoking gun. Stay tuned after the break will introduce you to period Rhys. It's Barrington day Thurston host of spit, iheartradio's newest podcast, twenty three.
"antarctica" Discussed on Stuff They Don't Want You To Know Audio
"Hello, welcome back to the show. My name is Matt nine names. No, they called me Ben. We are joined with our super producer Paul decade. Most importantly, you are you. You are here and that makes this stuff. They don't want you to know quick as I say Pete behind the curtain, the the four of us rashly relatively well traveled people, although I have never been to Antarctica rights. Right? And that's the subject of today's episode. Very, very few people have been. I got very close to go into an article once number of years ago, Matt, you may remember it was with. With a good friend of ours. Fringe of the show who does a lot of write ups on the house of works website about our podcast. Diana Brown checkout her work. If you get a chance she was going, her family was going to go on a group expedition and Antarctica is one of those places that is very, very expensive to go go to by your lonesome, you know, for you gotta roll deep and get the price cuts. Unfortunately, that didn't happen, but I'm hoping one day to get to this continent. I think it'd be a cool thing for all of us to do because of all of earth's continents. Antarctica remains the most mysterious today. It's it's nice box. It's a gigantic ice desert. It's one of the last places in the world that is largely or somewhat the same as it was before, what we call the anthropoid or the age of humans. And you know, it's no wonder. There's not much reason for human being. Is to be there, not not that it stopped us before, and for a lot of people, this may be weird to think about Antarctica wasn't always a frozen wasteland. In fact, it was kind of balmy for a while. That's true in just before we get into that you, you can take a flight crews to Arctic. That's probably the easiest way gotta fly somewhere that's closer. And again, on a ship rights, she can't fly into Antarctica, really? Not not really. No, not easily. Yeah, it's not a delta flight, right? Yeah, even thing called icing. It gets worse when you're an anthrax. Yeah, even spirit won't take you there for about virgin. They go, I don't know. Yeah, they do. They are trying to go into space. Richard Branson, trying to go to space. So in aren't has kind of like space on earth similar to the Mariana trench. There's a lot of stuff we don't know about either environment. That's a very good point. What we do know about how Antarctica arrived at this strange position that works on multiple levels. I comes from a series of theories and a lot of research into timelines, so we can. We can explore that just briefly be here are the facts. Yeah. The first thing you have to subscribe to is continental drifts. Yes, that's the first thing you have to buy the idea that once upon a time or several different times throughout the history of earth in times had nothing to do with human beings. We weren't even a twinkle in the ecosystem. Is I the continents as we know. Today, we're actually part of a larger things called supercontinent super continents. Perfect, super continents because they not because they add extrordinary powers. They were just really big. And from what we understand, they shifted into each other, a number of different super continents about one billion to maybe five hundred and forty two million years ago, and they formed this huge thing. We call Panja and the southern part of Panja was a place that we call Gondwana. Of course, we made these names up after the fact because again, no people were there that we know of right or at least no life form capable of naming things. And guns wanna was made up of what we call South America, Australia, India, Africa, and Antar ticket today at this point in Antarctic is life span. It teamed with plant and animal life. It was lousy with it. It was actually pretty hot. But around one hundred and fifty to one hundred eighty million years ago, Gondwana began to separate or drift and eventually Australia, which was still attached to Antarctica. Eventually, Australia moved pretty quickly for continent speed toward southeast Asia. While Antarctica finally became isolated about thirty four to thirty five million years ago..
"antarctica" Discussed on KLBJ 590AM
"Back out again in Antarctica. And the particles that are being detected physicists, they know. They're out there. But they don't make up the standard model model of what we know as particle physics. And they shouldn't be able to do that. It's almost like this this energy beam of whatever it may be high energy neutrinos other particles. They have large cross sections that means that they'll they'll they are meant to crash into something after the zip into earth. And and and that's the thing they're meant to crash. And we don't know why it's almost like this is some. Frequency or some sort of a light beam being broadcast. And NASA Antarctic impulsive transit antennas picking up on. Now. What's interesting about this is that if this is some sort of signal coming from the earth going out into the cosmos, or is it coming from out there going through the earth to we sent out in like the earth is one big prison, sending out the message all of the cosmos. It just reminds me of the time where we received the computer interpretation. Of Saturn communicating with Enceladus. Here's that recording. Remember the recording. It's it's rather amazing. Listen to this. Her. The search..
"antarctica" Discussed on BBC Inside Science
"Things that we we can see over the last couple of decades is the ocean is warming their current surround antarctica and if these flow up towards the ice sheet they can start to melt the underside of the ice and that's what we think is happening and that's what's triggered this acceler ovation nice loss the ice sheet is what we call a marine grounded ice sheet if you took away west antarctica then you would not be left with land he'd be left with an ocean because it's actually sitting on the floor it's several kilometers fake sitting on the sea floor and actually as you go towards the center of the ice she just gets deeper and deeper and what happens as you melt the ice sheet and the ice she starts to retreat back towards this deep area that actually causes the flow even more quickly into the ocean and that's what's causing this acceleration we think andrew so you've calculated the rate at which antarctic melting is raising sea levels and it's three times grade since two thousand and twelve that was in the period before that so how much of that changes ascribable to human induced climate change and how much juice award antarctica would just do normally in west antarctica the pattern is very very clear it's not related to a fluctuating mutual signal related to some long term increase in the rate of ice loss and we can see that in the speed of the glossiest they're ramping year on year and poorer more ice into the oceans and this is this is not a normal pattern of behavior this is something related to changes in the conditions around the ice sheets and we know that it's in the oceans how much uncertainty is there around these figures given that you're looking at a non uniform continent.
"antarctica" Discussed on Weather Geeks
"Become ambassadors to antarctica it literally changes them and they go home and they're convicted to do something to help protect down artika it to talk to their senators and congressmen about climate change in the things that they've witnessed the other thing is that we visit the station where i work it's a federally funded us station funded by the national science yes that's right and this is an opportunity there's usually over one hundred americans onboard the two hundred among the two hundred guests and you get to see your taxes at work you you get to see a wonderful science operation going on talk to the different scientists some that are doing meteorology some that are doing marine ecology working on wales and it's it's just a fantastic opportunity for people to learn about what science is going on in antarctica so for those reasons is there a negative side to antarctic tourism well the potential for disrupting station activities but actually the station has embraced tourism we have a group of people at the station that really enjoy giving the tours we bring people through the station but not through the active research lab disrupting what's going on but they get to the you know they get great feel of what's going on and they get to have you know one of those famous brownies that served in the galley palmer station that now is it's it's known worldwide and has been famous for probably twenty five years i don't know the story of the round he's why well apparently some one of the chefs or maybe one of the early national science foundation reps that was down visiting had this famous you know recipe from a grandma or aunt or something for brownies and it just sort of became part of the lore of the station and so the same recipe is now in fact i believe that when you visit the galley as you're on a tour ship you can actually take a copy of the recipe with you.
"antarctica" Discussed on Science... sort of
"Antarctica are in the same department as me yet it's there is a profound weirdness of walking around agu especially when you give presentations here the allotted the presentations will begin with definitions know if like hey i study this which is an ill advised and it's it's amazing because you would expect it a lot of conference you've got while we all know and they'll just launch right into the details of it but because everything here is so crazy diverse and i love that but it also does mean that i do have to sort of play one on one and play this you want to one student all the time wait what is that again what are you talking about what's what is a cloud channel that sounds coal i don't know what that is that just like how do you but it was like banded with the air he's if these particular like cloud formations that are almost like linear and they'll run next to each other so they look clear on earth on earth and on on some of the big gas giants you can see him and it's like young atmospheric scientists as far as i can tell from what i've heard it kind of throat their shoulders shrug emoji style millikn we don't know what to do in this we noticed something new with the convection cells right it's definitely think i reviewed median some miss ability there yet but they're pretty distinct yeah that's weird and then you know and they persist one of the i think what happens is the kind of know how they might initiate but the fact that they persist in space for you know a hundred miles or something like that that's the part the people await want want the dissipates sort of self organizing climate system that seems kind of odd and people have been trying to figure that went out for a while but apparently hanggliders when they see that in the in the atmosphere they'll go go because it means that there are these big convection so they can online for a long time so it's kind of an instant visual learn you know visual cute.
"antarctica" Discussed on Ridiculous History
"Blind in the frozen tundra of in ourika uh and you know maybe murdering somebody with a claw hammer in the snow or something that affect i'm not saying i just you know they ended hat nickel here um you know or at a campsite is what he says it's his example if we that it in my uh then it won't necessarily be clear who has jurisdiction mmhmm right in this becomes the crux of the complication ig save hundreds of dollars by switching to gaiko i'm so happy i feel like i can fly disclaimer you will not be able to fly by switching to gaiko this is against the laws of physics and nature if you find yourself line pc professionell and or medical help immediately in the unlikely event you find yourself lying you might be a superhero or a pigeon or a superhero named page woman was bitten by a radioactive pigeon if you are indeed bid woman takeover tang's all licensing publishing rights in the event pits woman the movie becomes a top pros in hollywood blockbuster geico fifteen minutes could save you fifteen percent or more four is dr hemmings news there's never been a criminal prosecution for a murder committed in antarctica ends i'm gonna go on record here on our show in say that i think there were probably murders that occurred in antarctica over the span of human history we know that there is violence and vice in this continent ends we just brought up a real life example that claw hammers thing happen yet another claw hammer thing actually happened not not in the way that i speculated earlier but in 1990 six there was an incident at an australian facility where a cook in the galle attacked one of his fellow workers with the back end of o'clock hammer and no one was killed illegitimately resulted in both both guys getting stitches and actually in.
"antarctica" Discussed on PBS NewsHour
"More ice is falling into the sea and raising sea level in the article it it talks about how scientists measure what's happening and of underwater what's happening underneath these ice sheets house they're warmer water and what's the interaction of saltwater do this all well the the big thing that's been happening in recent years is that warmer ocean water and and when i say warm warmer i don't mean really warm we're talking about four five degrees above freezing that water is penetrating further up towards the coast of antarctica under under the ice shelves and it is undermining the ice shelves it's melting them in thinning them from below in weakening them you know you have a large map that you have in the national geographic article accomplish this ins in perspective and there's there's areas of kind of purple that are the areas that are floating off and there's a couple of patches of red which really happening at an incredible rate tell us about how fast it's happening and say the pine glacier basically it's been an acceleration by several times all over antarctica the loss of ice from floating ice shelves has increased by a factor of twelve in the past two decades so where in the midnineties they were losing six billion tons of ice now they're losing seventy four what it is is it's an it's natural for these glaciers the flow floated this the sea but what's happening is the is the speed his increased.