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"america britain australia canada" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence
"After competing pressure from the world's two largest superpowers written has made a contentious decision. Yesterday it's government announced that hallway alway giant Chinese Tech Company would be allowed a substantial but limited role in building the country's whizzy fifth-generation or five g mobile phone networks. The decision will please Britain's network operators likewise low prices and expertise but it will upset America. Britain's closest ally which worries that that Wa Wa is under the influence of the Chinese government it all comes at a sensitive time for the so-called special relationship between Britain and the US on Friday Britain and will exit the European Union and then looked to America for a favourable new trade deal and the decision marks split in five is an electronic spying packed with its roots in the Second World War. The comprises America Britain Australia Canada and New Zealand. Australia has already followed America's lead and band while way meanwhile other countries including Germany and Spain must now decide whether to follow in Britain's footsteps after my shaggy nizing the British government insist decided that it will allow while way of China to supply kit for its five G. telecoms network but in a limited way keeping it out of the core network and limiting its market chat thirty five percent. Daniel Franklin is our diplomatic editor. The core is the most sensitive sensitive bit of the system that has the most say in handling where the data go. As opposed to the periphery which is reckoned to be less sensitive although the distinction in between the two can sometimes be a bit blurry. And why has America Ben so upset by this. America has been lobbying really hard to get Britain as a stray Leah for example has done to block while we altogether because it sees while we as a risk of potentially a company that could be used by by the Chinese state to spy on pretty much anything likes and I think it plays into the a growing sense of China as a strategic rival for America occur. And here's a technology in which China is actually head so its particularly sensitive. It's really at the nexus of these twin worries of China's arrival in China is a country that is Overtaking in America in certain technologies of future. Why is this such a pointed question around five G. When when the world is already covered with has it's been covered with two G and three G four g white? Why such a flash point five is really a step change in terms of telecoms infrastructure? And it's really a question of who controls trolls the telecoms infrastructure of the future and in other generations of of this sort of equipment. China hasn't been out of out ahead and the problem. Is that the the rest of the market. Hasn't really caught up with China on five G. U. hasn't been a a a Western alternative. That is as cheapen as is good. And that's made it very difficult for those who want to press ahead with. What is crucial technology for competitiveness? In if you like the new digital economy amy to avoid the Chinese option because the other simply aunt is good and onto cheap and it will be a little bit of time before competitors catch up. So there's is an economic case for the decision. But what about the security case that America's been making I think Britain had several reasons for this one was the merits of the case Did they actually. He considered that. It was as greater risk as the Americans were claiming. And I think the answer to that among those Who looked at it very closely in the intelligence service service and elsewhere was no? They could manage this risk. Secondly there is the China factor as well. Britain is very keen on not burning. Its bridges with China. UNHURT has a big trading ambitions with China and this could have been taken by China. Had it been snubbed. As a way to was an excuse to take reprisals against Britain and then I think there's a certain interest in Britain and not just to be seen to be bowing to pressure from America's especially as a time when the socal special relationship has taken on such importance as Britain leaves the European Union. Will you might view the the decision yesterday. As a kind of a third way rather than bowing to China entirely to America entirely it says well we can use some of the kit in some of the network and that's in a sense keeps both parties. Happy I think that was the effort and it may well have worked to an extent Burst Johnson. The prime minister called president trump and seems to FA- now anyway of smooth things things over but there is a lot of unease in the American administration on Capitol Hill and indeed among quite a few conservatives in Mister Johnson's own party and so do you think that taking this middle ground will will affect the special relationship. Between Britain and America. I mean America has has threatened before that it might restrict some of its intelligence sharing for example well I think that's unlikely to happen. Because the intelligence sharing is absolutely crucial actually for both countries and both benefit from it so unless there were real concerns that China was able to eavesdrop in these networks. That are actually outside the kit that China is supplying and I think the intelligence sharing will go on but it could have some sort of backlash against the trade deal that Britain and America are going to be trying to negotiate. There's a lot of unease among congressmen and senators. So getting this through. The American Congress eventually might be harder now than it was before so if some of that tension remains then how do you expect this decision to to play out in shorter in the medium-term what in the short term it's going to be March chewed over. This is brexit week. An will feature a lot of focus on the special relationship in fact. Mike Pompeo the American Secretary of State is is in London now and due to meet Dominic Robb his opposite numbers whereas Boris Johnson. Tomorrow Mr Trump Harems dorab going to have a public conversation about the future of the special relationship and you can expect hallway to feature heavily in that but beyond that in the in the longer term. I think it will be seen as as a key moment. In the relationship. Between Britain no longer has the comfort in numbers that comes from the a European Union but is more on its own and how it deals with the United States and this suggested it's prepared to take headed look at its own national interests and not just just put America first just for the sake of it and what about more widely there are other countries in particular in the that have not yet made their decision as to how How much to allow while way into its five G. networks as their rolled out to use opposed? Britain's decision will influence them. I think it is like you make it easier for other countries now to also go with. Wow we're at least up to a point Not Having Outright Ban as Japan as well as Australia have done so I think that's another thing thing that will rankle with the Americans that Britain of all countries their most trusted ally is allowing this perhaps domino effect that it wouldn't really like to see. And what do you suppose. While way itself and Chinese officials will have made of it having lobbied themselves for For decision in this direction. Listen I think they'll be pleased. They'll they'll be a bit concerned about the restrictions on the the market share and indeed overtime. It's possible that as a bit of a backlash flash from that among conservatives in parliament trying to ratchet down in future but broadly the avoidance of an outright ban. I think we'll be Z.. By them as a as a victory and you'll thank you very much for joining us. Thank you. Africa is a stressful place to be a tax collector sleepless nights because you're always thinking wherever on Kuba Dabo is the top revenue official in the Gambia. Where as with much of the continent attitudes to taxation are ambivalent tuition is that the people should come? I supposed to be the taxes but on the African context difficult politicians across Africa are asking ever-more of people. Like Mr Darko. With good reason. The biggest hole in public coffers is not money squandered or stolen but the revenue it's never collected in the first place the governments in Africa to put it simply just not putting enough tax lien Taylor reports on Africa for the Economist. And it's based.