35 Burst results for "Aids"
Teen surfer dies in suspected shark attack in Australia
"A 17 year old surfer has been killed in a shark attack off the coast of Australia and your new South Wales. This is the second person to be killed by a shark of the past week, a teen was surfing at Will he be when he was mauled. The attack left him with severe bite injuries to his legs. It was held to the beat by fellow surfers where he was given medical aid and CPR, but He later died at the
Goya Foods: Hispanic brand faces boycott for praising Trump
"Blaze Goya. Foods CEO Bob. UNANI refuses to countdown progressive pressure after issuing remarks of support for president. Donald Trump on Thursday unanimously insisted the United States is blessed to have trump for president burning calls for boycotts, the beloved affordable brand in May the remarks at the White House events, saying we are all truly blessed to have a leader like president trump who? Who is a builder? We have incredible builder, and we pray we pray for our leadership, our president and we pray for a country that we continue to prosper and grow. He added a union way appeared on Fridays Broadcast Fox and friends where he said he would not apologize for the apparently controversial stance, its suppression of speech unanimously said of people demanding a boycott of the brand among those calling for a boycott representative Alexandria Cossio Cortez former Democratic, presidential candidate, Julio Castro and Hamilton Star Lynn Manuel Miranda in NY worked with former first lady Michelle Obama in her husband for President Barack Obama was an office expressed his disappointment for a double standard. You're allowed to talk good or praise one president. was called to be part of this commission to aid and economic and educational prosperity, and you make positive comments all the sudden. It's not acceptable. Union way complained. He concluded with a strong statement in support of his remarks. I'm not apologizing for saying and especially when you're called by the president of the United States going to say no I'm sorry. I'm busy. No, thank. You insisted. I didn't say that to the OBAMAS and I did not say that to president trump.
U.S. Catholic Church won at least $1.4 billion in coronavirus aid after lobbying
"Got $1.4 billion in taxpayer back Corona virus aid this, according to The Associated Press reports. Tens of millions went to dices. Where financial issues were due not only to the pandemic but also to recent payouts to clergy sex abuse victims. The church reportedly took advantage of the paycheck protection program. Which was intended to help small businesses and nonprofits, pay workers Amida cratering economy, But the church lobbied for an exemption that gave all religious groups preferential treatment. 6 52 here on
After lobbying, Catholic Church won $1.4 billion in virus aid
"By now, big companies politically connected cos. Cashing in on the massive federal rescue package that was designed to help small businesses whether economic devastation wreaked by the Corona virus pandemic. Today. We are learning courtesy of The Associated Press that the US Roman Catholic Church manage to secure billions of dollars in loans from that rescue package through the Paycheck protection program. Reporter Michael Risen. D's has been reporting on the Catholic Church for a long time. He is one of the reporters who has been crunching these numbers and trying to track where that money is going. Hey there. How are you? Hey, not so bad. Nice to Beecher. How much money Exactly are we talking about? Well what? What? What I and my colleague re stunk Lin identified and I got to really give a shadow to Reese here because he's a great date a reporter, But we were able to identify between $1.4 billion a cz Muchas 3.5 billion and the reason there's a range here is because the small business administration did not release precise loan amounts. They only released ranges of loans. Oh, and we identified 35 3500 loans worth between 1.4 billion and 3.5 billion. OK, so a huge range, but we are talking upward of a 1,000,000,000. That's 1,000,000,000 with a B. It's a lot of money. How how has it been spent? Well, it's been spent as far as we know. We don't have Ah, very clear accounting. I have to say, as usual from the Catholic Church on precisely how the money is being spent. Where assured it's being spent for for payroll and utilities keeping people employed. But I have to say there is no monitoring of this program. It's self monitoring itself. Certification. So we don't actually know for sure. Do we know for sure whether any of it has been devoted to to help cover past gaps in the finances? Um and I will note that many Catholic diocese were in really bad financial shape going into the pandemic because they had to pay out these big settlements to victims of clergy sexual abuse. Does that factor into how any of this rescue money is being spent at all? Or do we know? Well, this is one of the points we made in our story Is that a lot of this money eyes going to diocese that might be experiencing financial stress not so much because of the corona virus pandemic, but because of the large payouts they've had to make to clergy abuse survivors, sometimes in the hundreds of millions of dollars. You never hear much about these payments. You do hear a lot about supposed stress from the pandemic, And I think a lot of that stresses Israel, but in effect, I think what's happening here is you're seeing Churches who are stressed financially because of clergy sex abuse, getting a break through the federal government through through direct payments from the federal government that are being used to pay actually the salaries of priests and ministers, which is unprecedented. As we noted, this money was supposed to help small businesses. The Catholic Church is not a small business how to church leaders defend us. Well, I think the first thing that happened is because of the downturn in the economy was so severe. I think the government wanted to just get a lot of money out there. So there was an exception made. For religious groups they could they could. They could apply like any small business. But then what happened is there was a second break that religion's got and the second break. Is that they were exempted from the rule that says that on ly small businesses, Khun get the loans, and the small businesses are defined by businesses with 500 employees, and that includes the employees and all of their subsidiaries. So we find now that religious groups are exempt from that rule, And that's why, for example, 80 churches, parishes in the same diocese can apply, and that's why The church was able to get so many loans and so much money and you know, I'd like to say that even though we identified between 1.4 billion and 3.5 billion We know that's an undercount. We know we were not able to identify all the loan. So the the money is really quite large. We just have a minute or so left. But do we know whether other religious institutions did other churches get this benefit? Or was this just the U. S Catholic Church? No. All religions got this benefit Thie Catholic Church, of course, is very A large organization. This is a This is a global religion that is headquartered in Rome. It is its own country. In fact, it's headquartered in Vatican City. It so its own nation. It's very time consuming toe. Identify exactly who was giving these loans we know now. So we have We have a pretty good idea of what the Catholic Church got other religions did benefit. I can't give you those numbers right now. The data was just released this week. All right, well, we'll look forward to when you come back and tell us when you've dug through the rest of it. Thank you so much for sharing your reporting today. My pleasure. It's Michael resented his investigative
France investigating millions in virus unemployment fraud
"In the huge flow of government aid money has been a godsend for criminals and an echo of what's been seen here in the U. S. French prosecutors now say organized crime groups sought to defraud the government of millions of euros meant for workers left jobless by the virus locked down. France had a fairly generous temporary unemployment scheme that subsidized worker's salaries. While the company's rather the country's shutdown. Prosecutors say criminals took advantage of it, leading a nationwide investigation now into what they call massive fraud and money laundering by organized crime groups. It's an exact echo of what happened in the U. S. Where prosecutors have identified organized criminal operations based in Nigeria as playing a major role in unemployment insurance fraud.
After lobbying, Catholic Church won $1.4B in virus aid
"The Catholic Church in the United States got at least $1.4 billion in taxpayer backed Corona virus aid. Tens of millions went to diocese whose financial stress was due. More tio payouts of two victims of clergy sex abuse. The church does not pay federal state local income or property tax, says the church maximized it's take after lobbying for an exemption that gave all religious groups preferential
AP: Catholic Church lobbied for taxpayer funds, got $1.4B
"The Catholic Church has apparently benefited from the Paycheck Protection program. The U. S Roman Catholic Church has used a special and unprecedented exemption from federal rules to rake in no less than $1.4 billion in taxpayer backed Corona virus Aid and Associated Press analysis of data released by the federal government finds Catholic diocese parishes, schools and other ministries have received approval for at least 3500. Forgive a ble loan so far. Houses of worship and faith based organizations that promote religious beliefs are normally not eligible for money from the U. S Small Business administration. But amid the pandemic, Congress allowed faith groups and other nonprofits to access the Paycheck protection
Illinois High School Association mandates masks and social distancing for all practices
"School Association has altered its return to play rules. And if you read between the lines here, it doesn't bode well for athletics in the fall. Jesse is mandating masks and social distancing for all practices, which means no contact sports like football, basketball, volleyball and wrestling. How you get ready for a football season with no contact in practice was something that was not explained. Maybe that'll change in a month. But I wouldn't hang my hat on watching high school football this fall. I can't even just It's hard a lot of the people that I've talked to today, coaches and AIDS. I mean, it's been going back and forth. And so now with plans that they had in place now things are going to be changing here. And Dan you and I know for these kids. Lot of these kids getting an opportunity to be a ble to play, especially at the high school level. That's where you truly create those memories. Well, and you get a chance to get some collegiate eyeballs on Ian a chance, maybe to get a The scholarship and get your college paid for. That's a big part of it. And all that would go by the boards, of course, but they don't play football this fall. Let's hope for some kind of a breakthrough. But right now I'm not holding my breath. All right. We gotta
Arizona governor issues executive order limiting indoor dining to less than 50 percent
"Issuing a new executive order to combat the rise in covert 19 cases in Arizona. I'm Greg Paul Kunst News today, There's a new executive order that will limit indoor dining. To less than 50% occupancy. The order limiting dining capacity was already a requirement for restaurants providing done in service. The governor also announced increased testing capacity and faster turnaround times for results to aid in contact. Tracing Tucson Mayor
Biden uses progressive message to roll out his moderate economic plan
"Learned learned that that 1.3 1.3 million million people people newly newly filed filed for for unemployment unemployment in in the the U. U. S. S. Last Last week. It adds to the bleak backdrop for the presidential election as the candidates pitch their plans to revive a pandemic ravaged economy. Today, Joe Biden went to Pennsylvania to announce his economic recovery plan. And here to unpack it is NPR's Daniel Kurtz livin. Hey, Daniel. Ailsa. Hey. So, what is Biden proposing here? So it's a plan, he said, to rebuild after Cove it after this recession we're having. He has said already, for example, that he wants to better aid local governments and extend the crisis. Unemployment payments people have now But his speech today also laid out more. He took an optimistic tone. Amid all this bleakness, saying, yes, their crises happening right now multiple, but that those can also be opportunities. But each of these also presents tremendous opportunity for the nation on opportunity to prepare now for the future threats. Ueno are just around the corner on opportunity. To address fundamental inequities of our nation. Growing gap between the very wealthy and everyone else. So he has four big pillars to this plan he laid out today. One is boosting manufacturing One is spending on infrastructure. One is boosting people's ability to get childcare and provide care to their relatives and fourth racial economic equities, closing some very big gaps between different racial and ethnic groups in our country, so Yes, he's saying, Here's how I want to get out of this crisis. But also he was making the pitch that we can come out of this with better fundamentals Underlying the economy. I mean, wow, when you lay out the four pillars like that, they're pretty ambitious ideas. What struck you in all of this? Yes, it is ambitious. That is definitely a big thing. I mean, largely what he put out there is just an outline with more concrete plans to come. But one is that this is a firmly Democratic capital D plan with a focus on unionization and racial equity and paid leave. Very popular ideas among Democrats. So while some of the ideas are ambitious in size or scope, the what of these plans like buying American goods and boosting unions, those are broadly agreeable among Democrats and maybe some independence, too. One other thing is, we should also say that he did release more detailed plans in particular on one of those pillars manufacturing. He wanted to make sure, for example, that the government buys American goods when it spends taxpayer money and That is one of those big in size and scope, things. He's proposing for $100 billion in procure procurement from US manufacturers. That's a lot. Yeah, it is a lot. I mean, on manufacturing. We do see politicians talk a lot about manufacturing. Like President Obama did it. President Trump definitely does it. Tell me why does manufacturing in particular? Why does it so often gets so much political attention. That's there's so much here. I mean, you can read both economic and political motives into it Economic because yes, automation has eaten away at a lot of manufacturing jobs. But even then, manufacturing still employs a lot of Americans and those can be good paying stable jobs like Joe Biden often says. And by the way we've seen during this pandemic that we've needed a boost in producing things like protective gear and ventilators. But aside from that, think about demographics. There are lots of white men in manufacturing. Trump has done very well with them so Biden could maybe pick up some votes there. And super importantly, manufacturing is big, big and swing states like Pennsylvania, where from where Biden was today.
Everybody Week Night Riddles
"Everybody Week and tonight we have more riddles for you. Here's your first one. In case of an emergency. I'm sounding. The alarm except I give off bursts of light to keep you safe from harm. What am I shouted out. Strobe warning. A strobe warning, light. Switch. You're brushing to the other side of the top of your mouth. The brush to. A fire drill at school. Normally the fire alarm will go off and everyone has to practice leaving the building, but you might also see the fire alarm flashing bright light that's called a strobe warning light, and it's there to warn anyone who is deaf or hard of hearing that the alarm is going off. Someone who is deaf or hard of hearing might even have a strobe warning light on their telephone to tell them when it's ringing. Switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth. and. Don't forget your molars all the way in the back. Here's your next rental. You might wear me behind your ear and I help. Make things loud though we don't work for everyone for some help with sound. What am I? Hearing aid. I hearing aid. Switcher brushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. And Brush your teeth to. The hearing aid is something. Some people use to make sounds louder. People of all ages might have trouble hearing us a hearing aid. Some hearing aids are just on the inside of the ear, and some have wires that rap behind the ear. They work almost like a microphone, listening to what's around you and making those sounds louder.
1.3 million workers seek US jobless aid as layoffs remain historically high amid spike in coronavirus cases
"1.3 million Americans applied for unemployment benefits last week The Surgeon Cove in 19 cases in some parts of the country has muddled the job market. In the beginning we had, you know, we had huge layoffs, and then we had a big decline in layoffs over subsequent weeks. Now we have still have a high level of layoffs. But it's pretty much the same from week to week. Gus Fouche, chief economist with PNC Financial Services Group. If we saw the number of cases decline if we weren't worried about I see you capacity, I think that would help. But unfortunately, that doesn't appear to be on the horizon. Some good news. Who's the total number of people who are receiving jobless benefits dropped by 700,000. That suggests that some companies are continuing to rehire workers. Shelly
California layoffs stuck at high level as 267000 seek jobless aid
"This morning with the latest job was claims numbers coming in. A bit better than most analysts had expected, but still alarmingly high at 1.3 million over the past week, with California leading the latest numbers of California, contributing 267,000 plus claims to that latest nationwide number, the by far the biggest numbers among the state's right now the Dow
Transcript: Chauvin told Floyd it takes "a lot of oxygen" to talk
"53 Before his death, George Floyd told a former Minneapolis police officer that he couldn't breathe. More than 20 times newly released transcript from body cameras worn by other officers accused in his death reveal that there aren't show them the white officer who held his knee on Floyd's neck for more than eight minutes. Told Floyd to stop talking and stop yelling, adding, quoting here. It takes a heck of a lot of oxygen to talk. Transcripts were made public is part of ex cop Thomas Lanes request to have his case dismissed lanes attorneys as his client trusted show Vin and that once Floyd was on the ground, the rookie officer twice asked if Lloyd should be rolled to his side, But Sheldon said no. Jovan is charged with second degree murder, laying into other former police officers are charged with aiding and abetting
Transcript: Chauvin told Floyd it takes "a lot of oxygen" to talk
"Before his death, George Floyd told a former police officer that he couldn't breathe more than 20 times. Newly released transcripts from body cameras worn by other officers accused in his death revealed Derek Shove in. The white officer who held his knee on George Floyd's neck told Floyd to stop talking and stop yelling, adding that quote It takes a heck of a lot of oxygen to talk. The transcripts were made public is part of former cop Thomas Lanes, requests to have his case dismissed. Lane's attorney says his client trusted shove in and that one's Floyd was on the ground. The rookie officer twice as Shabana Floyd should be rolled onto his side, Shaaban said. No shaman is charged with second degree murder. Lane and two other former police officers are charged with Aiding and abetting second degree murder.
1.3 million Americans sought jobless aid last week
"About 1.3 million Americans filed first time jobless claims last week on Tom Ackerman. Cable X news time is nine o'clock, CBS news Business analyst Dill Slesinger says a lot of damage has been done. The weekly numbers bring the total number of Americans, who at some point over the past 16 weeks have claimed benefits to nearly 50 million. Many of those 50 million had been called back to work or have found other employment on the bright side. Slesin jer notes. It's the 14th straight week where unemployment claims have declined and feels the labor market is slowly
Rare California Condors Seen In Sequoia National Park
"The big news out of Sequoia National Park condors are back. This is also just stunning to me. John Nielsen is author of Condor to the brink and back the life and times of one giant bird. The condor is the largest living flying thing in America and it sounds like this. That recording courtesy of Cornell University's lab of ornithology and the news some have been spotted in California's Sequoia National Park for the first time in fifty years is welcome. Because condors were so close to extinction, there was a time when there were none in the wild. They were all in captive breeding programs ensues. The National Park Service broke the news about the birds. We appearance yesterday saying they were seen back in. In May the park waited a couple of months to tell us to confirm the sighting when their numbers drop to just twenty two, the wild birds were rounded up at first they didn't breed, but eventually they did and were released back into the wild. If you haven't seen a condor and you've only heard it described, or you've only seen it in the zoo. One of the first impressions Really Ugly Bird. Meet it eats dad things. Out Pees on the walls of the caves at lives in stuff like that, but when it flies, it's unbelievable and John Nelson says there is nothing like a sighting in the wild win kind of roars through their. Feathers because they don't sneak up on stuff aid stuff when it's dead, this condor flew down to the base of the cliff that I was standing at the top, and caught the wind currents and flew straight up right past me like ten feet away, this gigantic bird, nine and f foot wingspan, and it was. Like? Well John Nielsen says the news of Condor. Citing is great, he warns the preservation effort does not end still have huge challenges ahead. The biggest one is probably lead shot in their environment. That's because when hunter shoot animals and leave the bodies behind condors eat the animals and the ammunition which can be fatal to the condor, so keep a lookout for the three hundred plus wild condors thought to be at large in California and nearby states.
Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf Talks Basketball, the National Anthem, BLM and more
"Welcome to episode Ninety Four. Congruence, the American Muslim experience we are very excited to have Mahmoud Abbas the roof on the show today and when I say we it's Preveza and and Myself Omar and sorry co host of the show. But we're super excited. We've been waiting for this episode for for a while. Now as you all know. My who roof is a NBA veteran. and he's got a lot to a lot of great things to to talk to us about. His experiences in the NBA his departure from the NBA. His experience as an American Muslim. And everything all the cool things. He's doing right now on the circuit and the big three and and helping out young kids get healthy and fit, and so on, so we're going to learn all about that. We're going to hear a little about his youth. His NBA experience his life after the NBA in the US abroad all these things I want to cover, and I am excited because my mood of the roof was a childhood hero of mine. I grew up in small town. Watching Washington play? And this is really exciting for me personally so welcome to the show brother Mahmoud. We are really excited. An Omer sorta wasted no time bearing the lead as it were It's been a minute since we've actually been on this show. We had a little bit of a hiatus. as I imagine most of. Most content providers out there just trying to sort of make the most of these sort of. Challenging Times of trying to secure people in trying to find the time in the space to record, so we are really excited and and especially grateful that ma'am. Louis was able to take the time out of his demanding busy schedule to be with us on, so thank you again as an I. Echo, everything, immerse, said not growing up in a small town so much, but you were also sort of NBA hero of mine. I came of age in the nineties when I came of age I. Mean Terms of sort of my My my my obsession with the NBA was back in the nineties I lived in Houston Texas. Texas, so you can imagine memo Ta I. Was Huge Rockets Fan huge Chemo Lodge Fan and was fortunate enough to be there when they want those back to back. Championships way back in the nineties, so certainly your era of the NBA, and as closely as we looked at looked up to a Hakeem, being a local on sort of hero of you're sort of the the other Muslim in the League and so is equally exciting, so but like I said we have a lot to sort of unpack as we like to see on the show but where we like to often like to begin is kind of your origin story so. Maybe tell us about you know Chris Jackson and his life, and you know in and you growing up in the south, and in those experiences were like yeah, and I'm really really interested in hearing first time you touch the basketball, and when you really felt at home with the ball in your hand, and all those things I'm going gonNA. I'm going to be jumping in and asking questions because as you can see, I'm pretty exciting go. Numb note will your Ford. Remind me of missing anything Actually I. Can you want to? Start with that verse. First Time. Just the basketball really was. I was nineteen years old Nights to play Vassallo. My brothers Some reason always ended up playing with. Older older guys in now. When I look back I, said you know that's that was a huge plus for me, because those are the guys issue are fast strong when you finally get to your age group. It becomes easy play. John Age because you've been playing with older gasps. But I remember one day I was outside. Central Elementary. In I was playing game twenty one and this lady. Her real name is miss. Cookie or miss asa letter. What we call him is cooking and she was strong African American women like she. She didn't man screaming at you getting on your back in those days, even spanky. At all be playing and she said listen, she said come in Chris come in. Of course you go over there and I went over there, she said listen try out. I didn't even know that right next to me in the gym. It would try elementary. Right. Of Fourth Great in. I said Miss you'RE GONNA have to ask my mother, she said. Don't worry about it just going out. And because she saw something in me when I was playing I win in. Playing Street Ball I didn't know anything about organized while I. Mean I'm taking it driven through people and I'm making my shots. Coach added me listed son. You, gotTa pass the ball. And make a long story short. My first game in elementary school I remember. This guy named Aaron Ross. I'm nervous. Right man would i. do you follow me? By the end of the game. Of the game coach was giving me ISOS telling him get out my way. I ended up with twenty one points, my first game, and just to see the crowd, and the excitement man I was like man I love this atmosphere. is feels especially a little. You a black kid coming out of the ghetto. You know, mother you. Know File Right A. Grown up in poverty surrounded by drug addiction, mother had an eighth grade education. So you're looking at something, and you get this attention from a skill that you have. And now it's dawning on you the May. This could be something. Right. This could be a way out and so that was like really for me the beginning. That moment when they were screaming and yelling. And it wasn't it wasn't. It wasn't like pure. Not like. Your College College Teammate Shaquille. It wasn't like you were this massive. You know massive Guy Hulking Guy. You're probably based. There probably saw your quickness in your your agility new shooting right that that they that they liked yeah. I was I was born with. Vast which muscles being quick and explosive, but until you meant after that moment. I began to wake up. My regimen was four o'clock in the morning. Then I would wake up at five and for years. My Mother did know this was happening. Because I'm not about down a mother her to cut it off. Work to I mean at. And so I would wait until she left I. Heard the call. Crank the not get up. Get myself written. It's still dark outset at the attack. And I decided at that age of of Nanan Jianye said man. This is what I want to become. Be The best. and. I knew that I'd have to come up with a strategy because I'm small to give myself the best opportunity to do that something. What can you do that? Nobody else or not, too. Many people don't dawn at this aid. And I, just decided man. You GotTa Get Earth.
"aids" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson
"Small or even. Devices. And by that point they were well known as a large consumer market and a group who were willing to pay an initial high price for small innovations for these so-called luxury items that we're hearing aids. Hearing aid users became the first consumer market for printed circuits, transistors and integrated circuits, although those components were invented for other purposes, they were marketed I and with hearing aid users. Nowhere was this more evident than when it came to what is arguably the most significant invention to come out of bell labs, and quite possibly the most significant invention to come out of the twentieth century. The, transistor? And then one, thousand, nine, hundred, forty seven. The transistor is a miraculously small device. They can amplify or sweat electrical signals. It paved the way for the computerization of the next seventy years somewhat amazingly at and T. lead companies working on hearing AIDS use transistor technology. Royalty free. Those companies and their customers would go on to push the technology even further down the road. The hearing aid market was so important for the further development of the transistor that in one, thousand, nine, hundred, fifty, three, the New York Times even called hearing aid users, the Guinea Pigs of transitory. Am All hearing AIDS had reached an acme of evolution as analog electrical devices. There was still more that the new computer technology could bring to the table. Computer processors could do much more than just amplify sound. They could reshape smooth and changes properties to better adapt to the hearing aid users users who each have their own unique auditory challenges. The only problem was that computers in the nineteen seventies, but very large, and by today's standards very slow. My view in the very beginning was. Let's get the most fads. You're hearing I that you could possibly think of digitally. This is Harry. Levin is a former member of the digital century AIDS laboratory at the Cuny Graduate School. It was also a researcher at Bell Labs. Is Goal was to help create a digital hearing aid the dynamic range of human hearing. Changes as a function of frequency, and it is very different for a person with hearing loss. You have to know what the here putzer. The hitting Los has a limited dynamic range of sound. That's very difficult to deal with with the traditional analog signal. Levin arrived at Bell Labs in the early nineteen sixties when it was at the peak of its powers, campuses were bustling complexes, full of scientists in white lab, coat and oversized computing devices with pointing lights, big plastic dials and cables running in every direction. The age of the microprocessor and the Compaq personal computer was in its infancy. But the hearing would be one of the first to benefit from this new technology. In the nineteen seventies Levin and his team pushed the very limits of computer technology. They were committed to improving the audio processing capabilities of the errands hearing aids really using a mainframe computer very large. Had developed I special device now does an analog to digital converter and you had to play your tape recorder. Play what you wanted to be digitized hours later. The computer department would call okay. Your stuff has been digitized in the computer and then I arrange for a to go from a digital to analog converter then that send me the actual types I. This is like a twenty four hour turnaround for any attempt at to any digital work. An analog electrical signal digitized by computer, and then printed onto a tape so that the digital signal could be read by an analog hearing. s quite a process. and not a very efficient. So the solution ended up being a semi digital semi analog hearing aid. Wasn't untold, nine, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, four that the first fully digital hearing aid would arrive on the market. Did work as a consultant to the company that produced the first commercial digital hearing. was called the Phoenix. was body worn inconvenient to use how to wire between the body unit and the thing you want. It was very visible. And people could have benefited from. It didn't want it because it was inconvenient and told everybody that they had a big hearing. So died, but it was the world's first commercial digital hearing it. Once again the conspicuous nece. The hearing aid worked against it. And I know false beards are decorative headbands hiding. But a new hearing technology was in the works that would utilize our hardware. That was far more internal. In more ways than one. while. Research is like Harry Levin worked on methods of amplifying and enhancing audio signals. Another approach began to take shape in the early nineteen seventies. Instead of clarifying the signal that reach the damage art of the year. This new method involve routing around the damage completely. It sent an audio signal directly to the auditory, nor of that bridges the ear and the brain. Auditory nerve is usually significantly in intact indebtness, even though the ear is substantially or completely dysfunctional. Michael Merson, there is a professor emeritus at the University of California, San, Francisco, and one of the scientists who helped create the coke lear implant, and that's because the most sensitive structures in the ear to damage to laws. Are actually the cells that trend's deuce the acoustic information. The sound information is sound energy. So they die I their most sensitive damaging loss, but almost always even after they die the nervous dill significantly intact. And it sitting there inactive, because there's no way that can be excited by sound now that the translational machinery as Staffordshire destroyed. Merson Nick and his team had a big challenge had to figure out how to send audio information that was detailed.
"aids" Discussed on Slate's Double X Gabfest
"Both in the Senate and the house And I understand. He has some other plans as well. So he's not. We haven't seen the list of eight good adjudge. We know. I've I've actually Brooklyn one one over a little bit by your Impression of him as someone who just maybe really did come to their identity late. Mr petted aside and so I'm hoping that he can do now. Is maybe take some time to explore. What what gayness means to him. I mean and there. There are signs of hope. I saw an instagram photo of him. Having gone to a performance of the inheritance New York gay player. So he's he did that. I mean I would just hope that he takes some time to do that because I think you know. I don't think it's like a lost cause. I think he just I think what's unfortunate for him is that he got put into this position of the first first gay sort of serious candidate without maybe without having hot. I tend to agree with Christina that I find it hard to believe that at Harvard Oxford etc. They you would not have found outlets for for exploring but let's just say that's true. I hope he can take the opportunity to explore a little bit and like you know I don't know maybe even like I would love for him. I don't know I don't WanNa get involved in his in Jason's relationship but I want him to be able to date around a little bit and just think that's not gonNA happen but never risk but anyway I stand is interesting in this discussion. Very few people had a similar reaction to chest and and I and yet he. He also is the kind of person that you were. You know your grandmother would just love her grandson to bring you the more your neighbors gay. The more of your parent's friends are gay. The more of your your kids friends are gay. I think the more you understand that gay people are just people and a are willing to accept them. The more you're presidents are gay. More your President Sergei. Yeah and I and I think you know A A latex sutera leather harness could really interfere with that to show up in twenty forty. It's going to be a completely different story. Yeah in two thousand forty. We'll have our first leather fetish president and that'll be great. I'll be celebrating with everybody. Well thank you so much for joining US Brooke. This was very cathartic and listeners. We would love to hear your thoughts. You can email us at outward podcast at slate dot com. Yes we read your emails and we try our best to respond to them so please let us down. Thank you Brooke. Thanks Brooke figure you all right. So as the reality of the current virus pandemic began to set in In recent weeks a literal gallows humor maim went around the Internet. The image was of a nonchalant James Franco in a movie about to be hung and the text read Straits. I can't believe the government would just ignore an epidemic that threatens thousands of lives and then at the bottom gays oh first time so covered curve in nineteen has been a fast moving situation and so by the time. We're recording this episode. The government is in fact finally taking serious action to slow the outbreak albeit after weeks of relative denial and deflection but the memes basic comparison between the initial years of the AIDS epidemic and our current public health crisis remained striking and may have Have sensed resonances between those two experiences so to help us think through this as well as to understand how it is. Impacting LGBTQ communities specifically. We're joined by David. President of the Human Rights Campaign Alfonzo is an accomplished and nationally recognized. Lgbtq civil rights lawyer and advocate. And he's the first civil rights lawyer the first black man and first person of color to serve as president of the HR see organizations forty year. History Welcome Alphonso. Thank you thank you so much for having me. Thank you for being on so just to begin. Obviously these are two very different diseases. And the government response to Co. That has not been nearly as slow as it was to AIDS with President. Reagan famously. Not even saying the word until Nineteen eighty-five but with that stipulated I love for you just to speak a bit about the similarities between the two situations that you've been thinking about in the past couple of weeks sure sure before. I get into the comparisons and distinctions between covert nineteen in the HIV AIDS epidemic. One I say that the Lesbian Gay Bisexual transgender and Queer Community. has been challenged in the past multiple times. When we are community has been faced with challenges we have had to dig deep and come up with solutions to make sure that we are aggressively advocating for community and to your specific question the HIV AIDS epidemic ravaged the gay Lgbtq community and it also ravage of communities of color and you correctly pointed out that the Reagan administration did not say anything about AIDS HIV for quite some time and thousands and thousands of people died now. The comparisons that are being made to co bid are appropriate in some cases and inappropriate and others short. The Reagan administration didn't say the word aides or issue for a very long time and the HIV AIDS epidemic was in the very early stages really dramatically affecting only gay men and people of Color by contrast the cove it epidemic or pandemic is affecting everyone and government is responding in a way that they did not respond to the HIV AIDS epidemic. We often see how government responds when it affects disadvantaged communities when illnesses unfortunately.
"aids" Discussed on Medical Mysteries
"Unfortunately this time they're optimism was misplaced Ryan died April Eighth Nineteen Ninety at eighteen years old. He was surrounded by his mother sister grandparents and even his most famous cheerleader. Elton John who had flown to Indianapolis just to be there. Ryan had passed away one month shy of graduating high school a few months later congress passed his namesake legistlation the Ryan white comprehensive AIDS resources. Emergency Act or care act in August nineteen ninety. The Care Act was a bipartisan measure. Signed into law by President George H W Bush. It provided two hundred twenty point five million dollars in federal funds for care and treatment including grants to help low income PEOPLE AFFORD EXPENSIVE. Aids medicine managed by the US Department of Health Resources and Services Administration. The first grants under the care. Act were distributed just a short time later in nineteen ninety one nineteen ninety one also saw finally another drug that could treat HIV and AIDS. Die Dancing an oral solution of powder and water when a person sells absorbed identity. Seen It. Slow down the HIV's ability to replicate and spread through the body. Unfortunately didanosine couldn't cure AIDS and it had dangerous side effects including potential neural damage however it was very effective at slowing the progression of AIDS in patients who previously used. Act if he'd lived long enough to see it hit the market Ryan. White might have responded to die dancing very well and thanks to people like Ryan who helps de Stigmatize AIDS researchers were able to raise funds and keep looking for better cures their efforts led the FDA to approve the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy heart in Nineteen ninety-six heart referred to any treatment regimen. That involved two or more prescription medications for example researchers found that didanosine could be more effective when used in combination with a C. T. Each form of heart is customize to an individual specific needs. It works best when patients can have honest conversations with their doctors about what is and isn't working conversations free of judgment or shame while Heart Camp Cure AIDS heart can help people manage their symptoms and it will slow the progression of HIV and related conditions after five years the care act was reauthorized in nineteen ninety-six including several additions to make the initiative more accessible part of the legislation introduced funding for the newly approved heart treatment the following year the health resources and Services Administration created the HIV AIDS Bureau responsible solely for overseeing an administering funds in relation to the Ryan White HIV AIDS program. In two thousand. The Care Act was reauthorized again. This time with new provisions for enhancing the health outcomes of patients with HIV and AIDS and in two thousand six it was renamed the Ryan White HIV AIDS treatment modernization. Act of two thousand six up until this point. Most AIDS breakthroughs had been about managing the disease in slowing its progress. But then something remarkable happened. Something that had never happened before Timothy Ray Brown was cured of AIDS. He didn't go public until two thousand ten until then he was simply known as the Berlin patient Brown tested positive for HIV in Nineteen ninety-five on February. Sixth Two thousand seven. He underwent a stem cell transplant to treat his leukemia within three months. Hiv couldn't be detected in his blood stem cell. Transplants are highly controversial and incredibly expensive. But another possible solution appeared in two thousand nineteen that year nature reported on an HIV patient in London. Who received a bone marrow transplant? He currently has no detectable. Hiv in his blood while the procedure is too expensive and risky for widespread use researchers view the London patient and the Berlin patient as proof that HIV can be cured meanwhile other strides are being made to prevent its spread in the past decade the FDA approved a more accessible drug that would prevent HIV transmission through sacs and drug use prep or pre exposure. Prophylaxis is a highly effective medication for HIV negative individuals who are at risk of contracting the disease. Thanks to prep. Scientists today have the tools to halt AIDS in its path but they still have to work around a lot of social stigma. Nearly forty million people live with the disease worldwide. One in seven are unaware that they're infected and may inadvertently spread it if they're too embarrassed or afraid to get tested. Information campaigns have helped a little as efforts to fix the mistakes of the past including the demonization of Gaetano. Duga or patient. Oh as we discussed last week. Duga was identified in the early days of the AIDS epidemic. He was dubbed Patient Zero by Randy shifts author of and the band played on the nineteen eighty-seven book and the Nineteen ninety-three movie adaptation on. Hbo depicted Duga as simply a bad guy. Somehow he got infected with the virus and then he continued to sleep around and spread the disease. It took more than thirty years but Gaetano Gaas name was finally cleared in a study published in nature in two thousand sixteen. It describe a new genetic analysis of stored blood samples from Duga it proved DIGOS. Specific strain of HIV was prevalent in the country long before he began globetrotting with Air Canada. In nineteen seventy four. In other words he wasn't responsible for the spread of AIDS. Since dugas name was cleared. Scientists have continued to search for solutions and for ways to right. The wrongs of the past. Nobody can bring back those individuals who died when AIDS was so hated. That officials refused to cooperate to find a cure. But there's still time to build a better future. New Breakthroughs are promising but only so long as doctors patients researchers in the federal government are willing to work together the history of AIDS and HIV is one of stigma government irresponsibility and unnecessary deaths with better education in open communication. The future can be one of hope. Thanks for listening to medical mysteries. We'll be back next week with another episode for more information on Ryan White amongst the many sources we used. We found the biography Ryan White my own story extremely helpful to our research. You can find all episodes of medical mysteries and all other park has originals for free on spotify. Not only to spotify already. Have all of your favorite music but now spotify is making it easy for you to enjoy all of your favorite podcast originals. Like medical mysteries for free from your phone. Desktop or smart speaker to stream medical mysteries on spotify. Just open the APP tap browse and type medical mysteries in the search bar. And don't forget to follow us on facebook and Instagram. At podcast and twitter at our cast network. We'll see you next time. Medical mysteries was created by Max Cutler. And disappear cast studios original executive producers include Max and Ron Cutler sound designed by Juan Boorda with production assistance by Ron Shapiro Carly Madden Freddie Beckley and Joel Stein. This episode of medical mysteries was written by Geno Lennon with writing assistance by Maggie Admire and stars Molly Brandenburg and Richard Rosner..
"aids" Discussed on Medical Mysteries
"The spread of the virus. Thousands of lives were at stake for some HIV positive people. It was already too late. Rock Hudson died on October. Second Nineteen eighty-five that day. The government finally allocated one hundred ninety million dollars nearly seventy million dollars more than had been requested to expand AIDS research. In addition to these public funds. Hudson himself left two hundred and fifty thousand dollars to Amfar the American Foundation for AIDS research while activists raised awareness in Washington. Dc Ryan fought the law in Kokomo. His court case was long and exhausting but he was finally allowed to return to school on February twenty. First one thousand nine hundred eighty six. It had been almost a year and a half since he'd been in a classroom and nearly just as long since his diagnosis. It seemed like a miracle that Ryan was still alive and able to go to school but it didn't last long on his first day back. Three parents in the district filed an injunction to prevent Ryan from returning. It took almost two months for a judge to throw out the injunctions. Eventually fourteen year old Ryan was allowed to attend western middle school again but he could never go back to being an anonymous ordinary boy instead Ryan was becoming a hero to AIDS patients everywhere serving as a sympathetic face of the disease. And helping fundraisers tug on heartstrings. He was invited to the amfar benefit party in New York City. A star studded event where he'd be surrounded by his favourite celebrities the morning of the soiree. He told Good Morning America that he was most looking forward to seeing Elton John. When Ryan and his family arrived at the benefit they were welcomed with open arms. Elton John Wasn't there but Ryan still managed to have a great time. It was a nice change of pace for the boy who couldn't catch a break back home the next morning amfar sent them limo to bring them to the airport. They were cutting through. New York's traffic when suddenly the car phone started to ring when they answered they were surprised to hear a man with a British accent on the other end of the line. It was Elton John. He'd seen Ryan on Good Morning America. Elton apologized for missing the amphora event and instead invited Ryan and his family to his next concert in Texas. Obviously Ryan was thrilled. Sadly he never made it to the show. He had to be hospitalized due to a persistent cough. This was becoming something of a routine for Ryan. He spent so much time in the hospital. He became friends with the doctors and staff but soon they gave him good news on March twentieth. Nineteen eighty seven the FDA approved the first anti-hiv drug in the United States Zoo medine or azt like the Gamma Globulin. Treatment couldn't cure HIV or AIDS. But it could stop the viruses spread. Azt was discovered almost by accident. A scientist developed in the nineteen sixties to fight cancer. But it never made it past animal trials because it was ineffective in the nineteen eighties. Researchers found that easy T- could block the enzyme. Hiv uses to take over a sell. It couldn't kill the HIV but it could severely limit the viruses ability to spread and take over the body at least in theory the approval of AZT was controversial from start to finish. Clinical trials only took twenty months when a test of that size would usually last up to ten years but the FDA was under immense pressure to speed up the process. That pressure was in part. Thanks to people like Ryan White. His face was splashed across front pages reminding people of the human cost of untreated. Aids people's lives depended on finding a cure fast during the brief trial. Three hundred participants diagnosed with AIDS were randomly assigned a prescription a placebo pill or AZT. The participants didn't know which pill they were getting and neither did their doctors and just four months into the human trial phase researchers ended the test during those four months one person taking adt had died in contrast nineteen placebo patients had passed away the FDA claim this was enough evidence to prove. The drug was safe and effective. Why carry on the trial when people were dying and this drug could help them. The problem was the trial wasn't as scientific as researchers hoped. They measured results in terms of how many patients survived while ignoring the fact that AIDS isn't an inherently fatal illness AIDS deadly because it weakens the immune system. It's other opportunistic infections. That technically kill the patient and when study participants got sick with pneumonia or diarrhea. There was no standardised procedure for how to treat them so if doctors gave lifesaving care to a sick AIDS patient during the clinical trial. Azt got the credit rather than the treatment that actually help. In addition rumors suggested that some study participants shared bills with one another to increase the odds that a placebo patient could try the lifesaving drug if these rumors were true researchers had no way of knowing which patients were actually on easy. T- and which weren't those nineteen deaths in the control. Group may have been people who are taking the test drug finally as e t has serious side effects including nausea vomiting and liver problems. There were a lot of drawbacks. But even with all of these concerns doctors thought that a flawed AIDS treatment was better than no treatment at all so the barely tested drug hit the market soon after the US Department of Health and Human Services launched the act drug reimbursement program. This initiative assisted people. Who couldn't afford the medicine on their own even with Insurance Ryan didn't know about the flaws in the AZT drug trial. When he heard about the treatment he just saw hope for a cure for he had a hard time getting on as e t because of his history of hepatitis which could cause liver problems. Ultimately his doctors decided. The risk of liver damage was less than the risk of living with untreated AIDS. So he finally got the treatment he needed by this point. He'd been living with AIDS for a year and a half about ten months longer than he'd expected to with AZT treatments. It seemed he just might beat the condition but he couldn't be the stigma against as though Ryan got healthy enough to return to school and finish eighth grade. He did so amidst bullying harassment and discrimination. Strangely he felt most accepted among strangers and celebrities Ryan and his family finally met Elton John in Los Angeles. The Star even threw a little party for Ryan at Disneyland. They took private jets to various concerts and received handwritten notes roses after they returned home much to genie surprise. Elton and Ryan shared drinks and handshakes and hugs to. Elton Ryan wasn't the boy with AIDS. He was just Ryan. Sadly Ryan was starved for this kind of acceptance and dignity even though the CDC had debunked the MIFID AIDS could be transferred from casual contact. Students and teachers didn't want to shake Brian's hand or use the same bathroom as him. He was the punch line to the homophobic jokes that his classmates made people claim that he coughed on food in the grocery store and spit on people who made him mad. Classmates defaced. His Locker and road slurs on his shoulders. Everything came to a head the day. The whites came home from a family outing to find broken glass on the living room floor. Further investigation revealed a circular hole in the window. Someone had fired a gun at the house. Enough was enough in nineteen eighty seven Ryan and his family knew it was time to leave. Kokomo even though it would be hard to abandon the little town where his mom had grown up and where his grandparents still lived but there was no better time to leave. The LANDSBERG company was interested in making television movie about what had happened to Ryan in Kokomo. His family received an advance almost large enough for a down payment on a house. One hour south in CICERO. Indiana and Ryan's new friend. Elton John provided the rest of the money. Things.
"aids" Discussed on Medical Mysteries
"To the hospital for Gamma Globulin treatments. Meant his medical bills piling up fast his mother Jeannie worked at a factory in their hometown of Kokomo and some of her co workers collected money to help pay their bills. It was kind but it wasn't nearly enough Jeanie. Decided their best option was to sue the company that provided them with the tainted factor eight injections but nothing came of it at least at first until Ryan and his family. Got A call from a local reporter about the lawsuit. It was soon printed in the paper that Ryan White of three five zero. Six South Webster Street had AIDS. Suddenly his personal nightmare was the topic of gossip. Ryan knew that AIDS was stigmatized because so many early patients were gay men as a thirteen year old boy at a time. When Homophobia was rampant Ryan was certain that bullying and harassment were soon to follow. Neighbors didn't want Ryan playing with their children. When he was at church he was assigned to the very first pew or the very last so everyone knew where he was sitting on. The upside Ryan survived the summer of Nineteen ninety-five beating that initial six-month prognosis. He'd proven the doctors wrong by living this long and he hoped to prove his neighbors wrong by acting like a normal kid when the school year started but it seemed like he couldn't get away from discussions of HIV and AIDS. No matter what he did it was all over the news. When Rock Hudson and a-list actor with an impressive film career announced that he'd been diagnosed. He was the first major celebrity to come forward with a diagnosis and over the six months. Aides coverage in major media outlets more than tripled rock Hudson's announcement of his AIDS diagnosis and of his homosexuality was a shock to many but a humanized the disease and for the first time people were forced to deal with it head on. There was even hope that the Reagan administration would push for more funding since rock. Hudson and the president were friends. Unfortunately even Hudson's diagnosis didn't lead to a presidential change of heart. It did however help raise funds so researchers could develop their first AIDS treatment while Ryan prepared for seventh grade. Twelve medical centers launched a massive clinical study on a possible AIDS treatment. Finally the resources were in place and the stakes couldn't be higher. A cure for AIDS wasn't just about saving people's lives. It was about saving the quality of their lives allowing patients to live as normal people who could play with the other kids at school and sit wherever they liked a church. The scientists were hoping to stop the epidemic in its tracks instead the first AIDS treatment proved highly controversial and only complicated. The fight against the virus up next a new drug hits the market but it may not be as miraculous as it seems are cast listeners. We have some exciting news. Crime Junkies Ashley. Flowers has a weird and wild new podcast original series. I think you'll really love. It's called supernatural with Ashley. Flowers and you can find brand new episodes every Wednesday. We all know that most mysteries can be solved by looking at the facts but sometimes the facts don't lead to a logical explanation and the truth lies somewhere in the unknown in supernatural with Ashley. Flowers Ashley takes a deep dive into the strange and surreal to explain some of the world's most bizarre true crime occurrences each week. She'll dig into a different crime or mystery where the most fitting theory isn't the most conventional from exercises to unsolved murders to alien abductions. Ashley will take the tails challenge the unexplained and dissect the facts with a heavy helping of skepticism and rationale. So are you ready to get to the bottom of history's most peculiar events? Follows supernatural with Ashley Flowers. Free on spotify over ever. You get your podcasts now. Back to the story in December nineteen eighty-four thirteen year old Ryan wait was diagnosed with AIDS. His outlook wasn't good. There was no treatment and no cure. Plus the heavy stigma against the disease meant few people. Were looking for new breakthroughs. In the meantime with no treatment incite Ryan was too sick to go to school. He'd missed so much of the previous school year. He already knew he'd have to repeat the seventh grade by the summer of Nineteen Eighty Five Ryan. Felt WELL ENOUGH TO GO BACK. But there was one thing standing in his way his mother she worried that the stress of sitting in the classroom keeping up with homework or dealing with bullies would setback his recovery. For Months Ryan begged for two things a dog and to return to school to see his friends. He desperately wanted to feel like an ordinary kid again but even when his mother finally relented it turned out that middle school bullies. Were the least of Ryan's worries. Petitions had surfaced from parents. Who didn't want him back in school. Some of those parents didn't even have a child and Ryan's grade. Nevertheless school officials agreed with their complaints before the fall semester began the district. Superintendent Barred Ryan from attending classes in Person Ryan was devastated and genie sued the district. The court hearing wouldn't be resolved quickly so the district tried to find a temporary compromise with Ryan's family. They agreed to give Ryan a tutor. Free of charge so he wouldn't fall behind in his work. That didn't actually happen. Every tutor made up some excuse so as not to come in contact with Ryan. One woman even said that her father who was a doctor told her to stay away. Ultimately the school district settled on providing Ryan with a two way phone hook-up so he could call directly into his class but this was a less than ideal solution. He couldn't see the blackboard. He couldn't follow along with any movies. They watched and his teacher walked too far away from the phone. He couldn't hear what they were saying. Even if the phone had worked perfectly Ryan would have been distracted by. The reporters camped outside his house. His lawsuit which was still ongoing had become a national story. He became an icon the boy with AIDS who was fighting to go to school given how much discrimination he'd faced Ryan was astounded at. How kind reporters were to him? Genie mused press had done a good job of handling a sensitive issue and their reports reached sympathetic readers and viewers all over. The United States. Ryan's mailbox was flooded with letters posters and gifts. The whites were shocked at this show of care and support as unfair as it sounds. A lot of people believe that. Hiv positive patients deserve to die of the disease. Homophobia was rampant as was distrust of intravenous drug users for much of the public. Aids was easy to ignore because it only afflicted people who've done something that society deemed wrong some even said it was God's punishment for sinners according to Gallup polls about half of Americans believe this aromas fact by nineteen eighty-five Ryan was different. He was just an innocent kid. He'd been infected while trying to treat his hemophilia for the first time. Public opinion toward the epidemic turned toward sympathy. But Ryan didn't want to be the face of AIDS. He wanted more than anything to be. Seen as a normal kid didn't want news coverage gifts from strangers and he didn't want to be looked down upon he frequently said that if he could give up his fame just to be healthy he would ironically. It was that very fame that could help save his life. Ryan put a face on the disease. The government officials seemed all too happy to ignore in soon. That face was everywhere in the fall of Nineteen eighty-four president. Reagan still hadn't publicly acknowledged the AIDS epidemic. In fact he wouldn't until a year later well into his second term by. Then there'd been nearly six thousand aids-related deaths in the United States alone and the president couldn't delay any longer. It had gotten to the point where he had to say or do something anything in regards to the ongoing crisis when he finally did address. The epidemic president. Reagan defended his administration against critiques. They hadn't done enough. In September nineteen ninety-five a top researcher. Told him there wasn't enough budget to attack the problem. Reagan replied I think with our budgetary restraints and all it seems to me that one hundred and twenty six million dollars in a single year for research has got to be something of a vital contribution but speeches before. Congress backed up the researchers assertion that one hundred and twenty six million dollars was not enough actress and AIDS activist. Elizabeth Taylor testified before the. Us Senate committee. She called their response to the crisis. A national scandal a scandal of neglect indifference and abandonment. There still wasn't a cure or even a treatment to halt.
"aids" Discussed on Medical Mysteries
"Ryan white a young boy from Kokomo. Indiana was a mystery from the beginning he was born with haemophilia. A disease that prevents blood from clotting properly however while hemophilia is typically an inherited disease. No one from Ryan's family had ever had it and from the beginning Ryan hated being different. He kept his diagnosis a secret from his friends and schoolmates. Sometimes he'd come to school severely bruised from his Mafia and try to play it off as a result of an ordinary playground fall. Even though as him failure was a secret the other kids knew he was hiding something Ryan got used to being the subject of gossip but he tried to always stay optimistic he was religious and trusted that God would help him live with haemophilia. Everything was going to be okay around. Nineteen seventy-six Ryan's doctors started him on regular at home. Injections of blood. Clotting protein factor eight it ensured that the energetic and rambunctious kindergartner could play without worrying about excessively bleeding from minor. Bruises and scrapes factor. Eight permitted Ryan to live a seemingly normal life but it brought new risks in his biography. Ryan White my own story. He remembered an argument between his mother. Jeannie and his grandfather in the early nineteen eighties. Ryan's grandfather had recently read. That AIDS was transmitted through the blood and Ryan's injections which were derived from blood. Donations could be contaminated. He pleaded with genie to stop the treatments but she was convinced. That the factor eight injections were keeping Ryan Alive. She refused to listen to Ryan's grandfather's fearmongering and Ryan kept taking the Medication Ryan wasn't concerned. Though an article he read in time claimed that less than one percent of haemophiliacs had AIDS. And those who did contract the disease were usually older men. He didn't even think to worry about AIDS when he spent most of the summer of Nineteen eighty-four sick that is until he was finally admitted to the Riley Hospital for children in Indianapolis in December nineteen eighty-four. His grandfather's worst fear came true thirteen year. Old Ryan was diagnosed with Newell Sisters Pneumonia. A disease often found in people with weakened immune systems in the one thousand nine hundred eighty s a PCP diagnosis was usually an indicator that the patient had contracted aids. It turns out that the Statistics Ryan had read were wrong in the nineteen eighties. Ninety percent of patients with severe haemophilia were infected with AIDS through tainted factory but genie. It seemed impossible that her young boisterous son could have a deadly disease. She went into denial. When Ryan's teachers would come to visit him in the hospital. Jeannie would say they say he has aids but I think they're going to find out it's something else. His teachers often responded by becoming nervous or frightened. It was the first time. Genie recognized the stigma associated with AIDS. Like his mother Ryan's first instinct was to ignore the diagnosis. Not because he didn't believe it but because he wanted just a few more weeks of normalcy even though he was only thirteen Ryan already knew the harassment and discrimination he'd face if he was open about living with HIV. A lot of the mistreatment stemmed from early incorrect theories about the spread of AIDS which were reported in the news as fact in the mid nineteen eighties many people believe that HIV positive people were all drug users or game in people who already faced discrimination in society and some believed the opposite that AIDS wasn't confined to certain groups but easy to catch through physical touch drinking from the same water fountain or using the same toilet seat those people tried to limit what HIV positive people could do or where they could go in the name of Public Safety Ryan didn't want to face discrimination. He didn't want people to assume he was sexually active or a drug user. He insisted to his mother that he wasn't in denial. He knew he had aids. He just wanted to pretend for a little while. Then he didn't but pretending wasn't an option. Because AIDS diagnosis was a death sentence. In nineteen eighty-four the AIDS mortality rate was over seventy five percent. Meaning three out of four people to receive a diagnosis died within the year. At that time not only was there. No sign of a cure but also no treatment for aids the reason AIDS so deadly is that it targets the patient's immune system HIV the AIDS virus attacks CD four cells also known as T. cells. They're a type of white blood cell that fights off infection. Not only does the loss of CD four cells mean the infected person is at risk of other serious diseases like PCP but HIV can take over CD for cells and use them to produce more viruses to control his PCP symptoms Ryan returned to the Riley Hospital for children at least once a month for Gamma Globulin. Therapy Gamma Globulin. Therapy is like a blood transfusion but with antibody rich blood plasma instead of whole blood while Gamma Globulin can't curates or stop the spread of HIV. The boost in uninfected CD. Four cells can help a person fight off infections. Short-term Ryan also had to take nasal medication an aerosol spray of contaminating the main drug that treated PCP the spray and the Gamma Globulin helped him recover from Numa sisters pneumonia but they did nothing to treat his HIV infection. At the time there were no treatments that could Ryan and his family just had to wait hoping someone would find a cure while Ryan was still able to manage his symptoms. Unfortunately time was short. Ryan's grandfather read that after diagnosis AIDS. Patients usually only lived about six more months. Ryan's doctors agreed with the prognosis. That meant that when Ryan was thirteen and most of his peers. Were thinking about first dances math tests. He had to think about dying Ryan's best hope was in the knowledge that AIDS was getting more news coverage every day. If he survived long enough he might even survive to see a cure in Ryan. White my own story. He said I bet. If I live five years I can beat this thing or I'll die trying at the end of January nineteen eighty-five thirteen year. Old Ryan was finally discharged from the hospital. But he couldn't go back to school right away he hadn't fully recovered from the PCP. He's still had a nasty cough and often felt too weak to really do anything and he certainly didn't have an appetite Ryan's frequent trips.
"aids" Discussed on Part of the Problem
"And things like that and then at a certain level you almost have to go this was like a mass societal fucking brainwashing rushing into a delusion and i just don't want to see everybody you know at the bottom tried this way you know so many of these kids these were like seventeen seventeen eighteen year old kids who are brainwashed into thinking they're fighting for freedom and democracy and they're they're lied to about what the fuck and what actually happened and you now. It's like at a certain point you. Just you know you can't it. Just doesn't seem practical to me so now i don't think so. I think really what you want with with the abortion. Issue is like a cultural awakening. You want to try to persuade as many people as you can that like this is some truly evil demonic shit to be doing to just be okay occa- with killing your baby simply because it's inside of you at the time as it to me. It's just you know it's truly evil and you'd want to move to a system. I i mean you know in my opinion. The preferably a private law private property based system system where this wouldn't this wouldn't be allowed but i don't i don't support the state death penalty for anything so definitely not not not for people who have abortions and even not for doctors who perform them in today's context. You know <hes> <unk> see i can bang out one more. Try to work through okay talent. <hes> ask should libertarians draw aw align on free speech. I e threats of violence. Why or why not will yeah of course threats of violence are inactive aggression. Of course they are because that's basically what you know. Half probably more like a huge portion of theft is based offer of threats of violence. Gimme your money or i'll fucking shoot. You isn't technically an act of violence. It's a threat of violence. You know so of course that's that's a the violation of the non aggression principle as well. It's the initiation of violence or the threats of violence would probably isn't said often enough but yeah it's gotta be i mean give me give me all of your stuff or i'll kill your family family and then you you give them all of your stuff and you're like well. I never actually killed your family so no harm no foul. It's like no of course there was a threat. If now it's like like every other principal like every principle that exists it has to be applied within reason so you can't claim anything as a threat of violence and this is in general why <hes> you know <hes> <hes> western common law societies of you know kind of worked with like a jury trial and things like this where people kind of judge whether this was actually a threat or not but yes threats of violence are absolutely a violation of the non aggression principle. I think fairly clearly all right. I'm gonna wrap on that one. I love you all robbie bernstein gene. Hopefully we'll be back for the next episode. Hopefully this aids clears up. We love him and we miss him very much. Make sure you let them now and thanks for listening. I'm getting fucking psyched from my debate next week man getting real real psyched for this <hes> so if you're coming i i look forward to seeing you guys there. I'll be hanging afterward and we're going to do like a little. We're again. We're going to record a podcast after you're you're aware of this right. Brian good thing bryan's nodding. That's always a good sign size. Just start doing shit. I'm really hoping brian knows that this is happening because is i'm relying on him for everything okay <hes> and by the way broken brian's the man who fucking produces this show. He doesn't fucking great job for us so thank you guys offer listening see at the debate ah sierra on wednesday the brand new episode piece..
"aids" Discussed on Part of the Problem
"I've heard some people who have mentioned some interesting theories about that. The saudi aspect of it is like the most well documented. I mean that's like that's actually pretty much. Just fact i mean first off. It was a bunch of saudis who flagging attacked us on nine eleven and they very clearly had helped from high level saudi officials so both private and public individuals in saudi arabia helped these saudis you know like i. I don't know it's like if you had a fuck in a bunch of new yorkers who went and hid like we're hiding out in new jersey for a few years and then they planned and an attack on you with the help of like high level people in the new york government. You wouldn't fuck and be like you're like eight. You wanna talk about new york attacking us. It'd be like your conspiracy theorists. It was just one little group and <hes> yeah so obviously and whether or not you know ah at a certain point. It's like it doesn't really matter to me 'cause whether or not israel was in on nine eleven. They were certainly in on all of the war plans that were drawn ron up immediately after nine eleven so the real you know like i mean i shouldn't say it doesn't matter it matters if you were involved in a conspiracy to kill thousands of americans of course but what we know for sure is that israel was involved in the war in iraq and all of the subsequent wars that followed afterwards so that that to me is the real evil. I tend to just feel like let's focus on what we have them on. If i see proof of something else i'll look into that. I know there's been some people have talked about. You know the all the different people involved volved nine eleven. I just i actually think if you look at the evidence there is a lot of evidence that like ju just to take on some of the conspiracy. There's there's a lot of evidence that like al qaeda was a real thing that they really planned this and that they really did it. I don't buy into the like a <hes> <hes> that it was just the israelis or just dick cheney or j- you know like i think al qaeda was involved that being said it doesn't you know al qaeda had been getting a lot of support short years before by the who supporting them in the meantime who the fuck knows. There's a lotta shit. Look what we know for like what we know. Ooh la is done. The different secret services that the pentagon the military industrial complex have done what we know is outrageously horrific horrific and if that's what we know believe me. There's a whole bunch more shady shit going on so my my inclination. My guess would be that if we knew what was really going on. If one hundred percent of everything was declassified tomorrow it would be worse than mere. You can imagine that's kind of my guess but who knows could be wrong but even if there was nothing else going on. It's still enough to you know to justify putting a whole bunch of people in fucking prison for the the rest of their lives if not up against a wall in front of a firing squad after trial and conviction. It's for all just for the n._s._a. <hes> who's listening in on that one after after being duly prosecuted then we then we moved to face number two all right. Let's go through. Let's see what else we got to wrap up pretty soon guys. It'll be a little bit of a short episode without my muse rob robbie the fire..
"aids" Discussed on Part of the Problem
"I just don't really think he's built to be like a host of a show. He's a good he's a very good writer and he's very good panelist but he doesn't. I don't know maybe i'm wrong. I just don't see him in that in that role <hes> but that is a that is a good question. Look look the truth. Is that it none of that shit really matters. I mean the world has changed the rules change. The fucking rogin gets the more views on every episode then the number one show in cable news. He's he's probably close to twice as big as the number one show in cable news which is usually either hannity or tucker carlson so he's probably doing doing three times what rachel traumatic does every night and then your average like c._n._n. Show probably doing ten times what they are so you know. It's like at a certain point at least for me. I start to go like well. I don't think the goal is to get a cable news. Show like why the fuck would i wanna do that. Why why would i wanna go get a show. That's like fucking. <hes> you know. I interrupted by commercials constantly. I got networks execs telling tell me what i can and can't say being fucking always put into this box. I just want my podcast to get fucking bigger and bigger and bigger which it's been doing so the really that's the goal is to just get this just compromise. Nothing say exactly what i want to say. Curse i wanna curse have on whatever guests i want to have on on and fucking you know do it that way it just it just that just seems to be the writer the right path and there's something kind of beautiful about that but you know i'm sure we'll all get big enough. I'll be fucking now. I'll be i'll be on persons pretty soon. <hes> hopefully not okay okay. <hes> jimmy says the whole beef between the coke and rothbart and how the libertarian react yeah okay. I think i pretty much <hes> mentioned that already eddie <hes> justin says bonus apps bro every wednesday his a bonus episode every wednesday. I've been killing it with bonus episodes you out of your mind. People are very ungrateful very ungrateful succession again my reading the same fucking things. Oh no no oh it's just it's just there's only so many topics people want to talk about all right. Madrick's magic's <hes> who i always feel like i'm pronouncing that wrong <hes> saudi pakistan and israeli role in nine eleven <hes> well. That's an interesting question. I don't i know that i have too much to offer on that. I mean i've heard the conspiracies and as i've said before when it comes to nine eleven conspiracies. I'll just say i'm not i wouldn't call myself a trooper or somebody who believes in. I because i'm not i hey. I don't like believe a lot of these crazy theories. I don't believe in the controlled demolition thing and i don't <hes> however my reaction to nine eleven conspiracy is never liked. Get outta here. It's always kind of like you know so if you're like israel was involved in nine eleven. I'm kind of like all right. Go on you know continue..
"aids" Discussed on Part of the Problem
"I do notice things are around me like i notice that there is this weird double standard. <hes> where somehow israel is is you know like all democrats and republicans all come together to unquestionably support israel. I'm not a fan of that. I do you notice the jewish overrepresentation in some very damaging industries like you know i again. I don't don't have the exact numbers right in front of me but it's like you know in in banking and media in neo-conservatism like all these different things. There's there's like this. A huge like eight thousand percent overrepresentation of jews and i find all of these to be kind of damning like you know it's these are or not helpful areas. These are some of the you know the people who i have the most contempt for so. I don't think you shouldn't be allowed to talk about that. I don't believe that it's it's a a jewish conspiracy or be some genetic. You know like a desire to subvert host nation i i. I don't believe in any of that but i also don't think you shouldn't be allowed to explore these questions. So when there is anti-semitism that's rising up. I tend two and maybe just because it's the more useful <hes> approach from my perspective. I tend to go like well. What is it that jews are doing that are pissing all these people off and and i don't say that as somebody who dislikes jews i say that as somebody who you know has a vested interest in their not being like a large antisemitic movement <hes> building up up and you know i. I certainly don't wanna see that gain any real traction so you know it's like hey. What are we doing. What could we maybe not. Maybe it's not a good idea. I don't think it's that crazy for for any group of people who are and i would say this to like all minorities in any country across the world if you're like two percent percent of the population. I think it's reasonable to ask yourself. Hey are you helping the nation that you're a part of. Maybe you should try to make the effort to be a positive force because you know in your own self interest. You're outnumbered so if you're kind of fucking over a lot of people that's not a great strategy because they might realize and then they might be kinda pissed off and there's ninety eight of them for every two that there are a view so maybe that's not the best idea so that's kind of my impulse with the jewish question. It gets me in trouble on all sides. One of these issues that it's just kind of like the alt-right guys think i don't go far enough. Everybody else thinks i'm alt-right for even talking about it. I don't know whatever and as far as the white part goes i do i. I'm very just turned off by the openly anti white bigotry. That's completely accepted in polite society in america in two thousand nineteen. I can't stand it. I just think it's horrible. It's like i don't know i don't hate white people like i guess i consider myself a white person. I don't really know like yeah..
"aids" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"HIV gals work. To engineer monkey viruses to cause cancers cancers like Kaposi sarcoma. A common symptom in aids patients Gallo didn't just focus on cancers, but also similar diseases that would slowly deteriorate human health until death. Just as aids does Horowitz believes that by engineering viruses from a variety of animals gala would have been able to produce one virus that was capable of causing many of the symptoms of aids. We also know that in nineteen seventy gala was actively sharing research in this vein with the military as his company worked with the military firm. Maybe this is my gala was the go-to researcher. When aids first appeared in the US, or maybe he already knew about the disease, perhaps he was even the one who created the HIV virus to help the US government with its overpopulation problem. This theory, basically hinges on the Assange. Shen that Nixon's population control initiatives, the US military's biological weapon research and the CIA's covert operations in central Africa. Were all connected, but the only link connecting them is Henry Kissinger who as national security adviser was necessarily involved in overseeing all three Regina lot of conclusions based on pretty flimsy evidence. But the story isn't quite over the crux of this theory lies in Kissinger's links to Merck sharp and Dohme a drug company known for Tempa Titus b vaccine and for being the world's largest supplier of aids related drugs..
"aids" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Possible to create targeted viruses, designed to only affect people with certain DNA sequences or specific Gino types, if we know anything about the aids epidemic, we know that it disproportionately affected gay and black populations. Yes. But that wasn't due to the properties of the virus on a scientific level. HIV is biologically capable of the FEC anyone equally. Okay. That argument falls apart under scrutiny, but we still have overpopulation bio weapons and. And the knowledge that these weapons can potentially be targeted towards specific than a graphics. What's more? We have Henry Kissinger who in addition to overseeing the overpopulation and bioweapon efforts also reviewed all covert operations by the US these included CIA operations in Zaire where aids originated, we don't know the details of these covert operations in Africa because well, they're covert. But we do know that the US military worked with one research contractor named Robert Gallo. That's the same Robert Gallo who discovered HIV in nineteen eighty three. At the end of the day. Everything we've laid out could just be coincidence. The first key bit of evidence for the conspiracy theory takes us back to American researcher, Robert Gallo and French researcher Luc Montagnier as the official story tells it to separate labs led by Gallo and Montagnier respectively simultaneously discovered aids in nineteen eighty three but Dr Horowitz argued that given what's known about gallows research. He realistically could have synthesized HIV virus years before aids. First appeared in nineteen seventy one let's take a ride through gallows resume beginning in nineteen sixty eight he worked with a company called Lytton bio networks, which in turn was linked with a military contracting firm, which was overseen by Henry Kissinger before he was famous for discovering.
"aids" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"These leaders were trying to avoid. It's a logical fallacy and a dangerous one to assume these politicians were conspiring together simply because they shared the same sexuality that seems like the hushing up of the aids epidemic was more of a side effect of institutional homophobia than a malicious act of its own. There's no hard evidence of any organized attempt to bury the connection between HIV aids. And the gay community rather, it was downplayed by many gay activists because of ignorance and misinformation, and it was ignored by politicians who were afraid of the stigma. I'll give this theory is six out of ten what happened was more circumstantial than purposeful. But at the end of the day, it did still lead to the same public health crisis. It's undeniable that aids was pushed aside, whether it be from ignorance fear or malicious prejudice. But is there any proof that the government purposely engineered HIV to harm gay in black populations on purpose? Coming up. We'll dive into conspiracy theory number two. What would you do to stay alive? When you drink your own urine. Would you? Wade through snake infested water, would you cut off your own arm? I'm not sure I could do any of those things every week par. Cast new show. Survival tells the high intensity stories of people in life or death situations in explores the strategies they use to survive survival. Also examines the lasting psychological effects of living through a traumatic event. And what's like return to normal life won't want to miss the astonishing story of one survivors heroin escape from the North Korean internment camp in the amazing account of a pilot and passenger who crashed in the snowy, Canadian Yukon their stories, exemplify the human spirits ability to triumph over deadly adversity. New episodes come out every Monday search for and subscribe to survival where every listen to podcasts. Again, search survival or visit podcast dot com slash survival to listen now survival..
"aids" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Normalizing aids. And making sure everyone knew they were at risk. This has its pros and cons. It dulled. Some of the fear and bias toward gay people, but it also diverted money and attention away from the communities who needed most, in fact, although the government now had a six hundred million dollar budget towards fighting and preventing aids much of that budget was spent educating college students and heterosexual women were much less at risk even as the government began to work on saving American lives. It was evident that bias still ruled the handling of this epic. But how far does the bias go? We can clearly see that HIV aids was not given the proper scientific and public awareness attention. It deserved dismissed by the media as a gay problem or a black problem or a drug users problem, it was ignored by the press and the government until it was too late to contain the everyone problem and once media coverage and campaigns did start to kick in aids awareness campaigns were still full of fear mongering that led individuals being outcast from their communities instead of supported as for the government. They didn't want to appear as though they were aligning themselves with the gay community stepping in to fight aids was bad politics. But to what extent is this neglect aside effect of prejudice into what extent were these malicious targeted acts at what point does inactivity begin to look like a targeted genocide? If HIV was. Targeted act were any of its objectives achieved and in what ways do we continue to be affected today by past mistakes and biases women comes to HIV aids. There's a lot to dig through. We've given you a basic understanding of what it is. And how it spread and in theory. Wyatt spread but there are a few other explanations for how aids became an epidemic next week will look into the conspiracy theories behind the aids epidemic starting with a surprising theory that points to those at the top of the gay community's hierarchy on all. That's a twist at twist, but not without a strain of thinking we are unfamiliar with just a standing with aids. Patients could have been bad PR for the government. It could have also been considered unsavory for gay leaders, particularly those in New York who were trying to make a place for healthy gay people in America. So conspiracy theory number one. Gay community leaders suppressed media coverage and government response to HIV aids. In an attempt to keep their name clean gay plague would only worsen American homophobia. Then there's conspiracy theory number two HIV aids did not come about because of government complacency, but because of an overt effort by the government to spread the disease. This is a two parter when it comes to government motive, some people believe that the government was targeting gay African American populations specifically while others believe HIV was an attempt to coal overpopulation in general. And then there's conspiracy theory number three which brings us into two thousand eighteen while we now have drugs to prevent the spread of HIV and to slow the progress of HIV there still is no actual cure for aids. Many people have noticed that high profile or wealthy HIV positive. Of individuals like Magic Johnson seem to be doing surprisingly fine modern medicine is affected at keeping HIV patients healthy. But is it that good or does our government havoc? You're that they're not sharing with us. If they're not sharing with us. Why not who are they targeting will look at all these questions and try to get to the truth next week? Thanks for tuning into conspiracy theories will be back
"aids" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"But with aids the focus was on looking for blame. It's not surprising that scientists ended up pointing fingers at gay tone. The people wanted someone to blame as soon as science. Chested. There might be a patient zero the media honed in on this exaggerating the story for the public's ears. When scientists took a sample of Gatanzi blood HIV was certainly present. However, we now know the strain was the same as the one already present in men in New York, the strain that was present before Gaetano even began his career as a flight attendant. The patient zero theory was completely unfounded looking back. Scientists never really even suggested Gaetana was patient zero. If anything it was just a simple slip up likely, the story found its roots in nineteen Eighty-four study that examined forty game than with Kaposi sarcoma or other issues related symptoms and mapped out their sexual partners as it turns out, eight of the forty men had had sex with a nameless flight attendant, four of them lived in New York and four in California. But are nameless flight attendant was nameless. So what did they call him patient? Oh, standing for out of California. Now, I'm sure you don't need a pencil and paper to work out with the letter o. Looks like the entire patient zero phenomenon was due to nothing more than a misread letter. Oh and immense social bias since. There wasn't really an understanding of what HIV aids was it was easy for the media spent spread misconceptions that is when they chose to speak up for the most part the media barely said anything about the disease. The American public turned a blind eye because a gay disease was not a problem for the nation at large. Most Americans didn't even know any openly gay people it was easy to ignore an epidemic that for all. Most people knew was only affecting small segment of the population. The government certainly wasn't saying anything to clarify. What was going on either? And as we know Reagan's press secretary and the press were treating the gay community and their problems as a joke, all the general public really knew was that HIV aids usually infected gay men, and that it was scary. Well, we like to think that our social behavior reacts to our scientific findings. This been a lot of moments in history that baked differ often. It's our science that follows our social climate and perception of an issue's importance if US -ociety at large didn't care about the gay community new. Either with the US government, which meant there would be no funding for response from the scientific community. We just kind of crazy aids was beginning to make it self known as a terminal and spreadable disease affecting young people in the strongest healthiest years of their lives in nineteen eighty one. There were one hundred and fifty nine new cases of the disease reported by nineteen eighty two it grew to seven hundred seventy one just three years after that it had exploded to fifteen thousand five hundred twenty seven cases with twelve thousand five hundred twenty nine deaths, and it was all swept under the rug the nineteen eighty nine Dr Jonathan Mann director of the World Health organizations global program on aids explain that the disease was still growing exponentially in warned of inaction at the end of the nineteen eighties. The world's vulnerability to aids remains and is. Increasing overall the global epidemic is gaining momentum. Major barriers to more effective actions still exist and complacency about aids is spreading worldwide the World Health Organization believes that the world struggle with aids during the nineteen nineties we'll be much more difficult than it has been during the decade of the nineteen eighties. The World Health Organization predicts that by the year, two thousand six million people may have developed aids a tenfold increase over today. Luckily by the nineteen nineties anti retroviral therapies were invented which slowed down the progression of HIV stirring us away from the Berge in of history. Dr Jonathan Mann describes however his claim speak to the severe apathy towards funding HIV aids research and sexual education in the US. Think about an Ebola outbreak hitting the United States. It would be on the front page of every. Paper..
"aids" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Were sick HIV can go undiagnosed for years, in fact, in twenty fifteen there were more than one point one million people in the US with HIV. However when in seven don't even realize they have it when the HIV virus is I contracted a person may feel like they have the flu as the virus works its way into. Person sells it triggers and immune response from our good old friends the T, Sal, our body responds just as it does when we have a cold fever fatigue. Swollen lymph nodes. Then the symptom stop just like the flu of intially does. But unlike normal virus, the HIV virus is still there. The patients just don't feel sick anymore because their immune systems developed antibodies to suppress the HIV, they're not cured by any means, but they're managing to block the disease and stay healthy for now for decades. Even this is why it was so difficult for scientists to get a grasp on how the disease worked and why it was so difficult to stop its spread. So decades later the patient get sick again why because HIV is extremely sloppy at replicating itself. This means that every now and again a mistake strain slightly different from the strain. The patient's body has learned to manage breaks through and makes the patient sick again depleting further T cells, what was once around one thousand or more T-cells per. Cubic millimeter of blood is now under two hundred a dramatic change in our body's ability to fight off disease. And this is a Mark of shift in the individuals disease. This is where HIV becomes aids otherwise known as acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Aids is the last in most relentless stage of HIV marked by an extremely impaired immune system and a heightened likelihood of contracting, opportunistic infections to put it simply this is the point where simple diseases can now be killers due to a weakened immune system without medical intervention HIV will progress to aids within five to ten years. However, the time it takes for HIV to progress. In aids varies greatly from patient to patient, depending on treatment and other factors in twenty eighteen. Not everyone reaches the.
"aids" Discussed on What It Takes
"Maybe this is an opportunity i did that when i stopped doing my autoimmune more in switched hiv aids i did that when i became the director of noaa id and then i realized as a director of this institute when you had challenges like outbreaks influenza anthrax and all those kinds of things that what we needed was a scientist who is a serious scientist who could articulate to the white house to the congress and to the public the kinds of things that are important that we need but being the public face of research for infectious diseases has put dr faucher in the hot seat at times if you're listening to this podcast and you were born after nineteen seventy you may not remember or know about the years when so little was known about hiv that there was public hysteria maybe you could catch it from just touching someone infected or using the toilet seat they'd used and there were also years of mass protests by those with the disease gay activists and others who were demanding more resources more research faster better treatment a cure and dr anthony fatty who was at the forefront of hiv aids research but came there stupidity and competent and down that way citing research priorities the nationalist dollars and in fact down here because we think we should be deciding to these are the people who know what's going on dealing with it every day he was called a monster that was a very interesting period that has continued to the day because now very activists or my in my dear friends my comrades my collaborators back then there are a couple of things that were going on that caused the activist community to galvanize and try to gain attention number one the first administration of reagan didn't take this seriously as they should have secondly even as we got into understanding that it was a virus and we would developing drugs the rigidity of the scientific community the regulatory community and even in many respects the budgetary approach towards something was not commensurate with the reality in the potential for this catastrophe that was unfolding for us and it it triggered a seachange in the both the scientific in the regulatory community in i was sort of in the eye of that hurricane because i was so involved and devoted to doing something about this horrible thing that was happening that i became very visible person i was testifying hundreds of times i mean i mean literally hundreds total now after thirty four years thirty three years i've been director i probably testified before congress more than anybody purely because of the longevity what i do but it was constant that in the newspapers with interviews all the time so my face was the face of the federal government most scientists would you know do their thing and not be visible and then it became clear that when we had clinical trials we the scientific community in the regulatory community did not listen to them because they wanted to be part of the discussion of how you design a trial of how you get drug of a available or not but no one was listening to them because it was at the time an attitude that many of us had an i probably had it myself but i changed pretty quickly and that was we're scientists were regulators we know better than you so you know meanwhile they have a disease they see all of their friends dying and we say well a new drug takes x number of years to get through the process of the standard clinical trial and activists hussein wait a minute if i look at my friends i probably have about a year.