39 Burst results for "ABRAHAM LINCOLN"
Fresh update on "abraham lincoln" discussed on Open A Fucking Book
"Early Sukey. I. Love It. Grows and they're. Laughing, at, goes. Gas I don't know I just turned microphone on make me laugh. Not. Everybody gone today how's everybody going to? There's everybody doing. Mixed up? Yes. Yes. How are you? I? Know you're so you've been working a lot to the and sore I'm tired I'm ready for bed me too but not even eight o'clock in no, it is a thirty. Oh, it is. Yes I have been working. Three days straight on this fucking thing. So we're going to get it done I I'm. Staying away. Judd. Professional, radio. Hopefully you don't catch that look. Oh I. I caught it. Copy catch the yawns yet. Oh Yeah. No I'm sure I will but it's okay. So It's a spooky Halloween season deafening. So it's only fitting that we do is spooky Halloween series. Now, we were supposed to do different series. And our doing this one. And who you're supposed to cover, we will do at a later time. I don't know if we'll wait I'll wait till next Halloween to do them. But we will do him. We will do that story eventually but you already. It's a him. Yeah it's a him. He's yeah. Yeah. Sure. That's my son of A. Anyway The subject of this, the re part Halloween series nine kind Kinda fucked it up by switching to Mondays when this comes out and. This last upset of this will come out the Monday. After Halloween, we will state on Saturdays came out on Halloween. The more likely most people are going to be listening to podcasts on Monday on the way the work anyway. So it's fine. The subject of this three parts Halloween series was an Irish horror author that wasn't right in his seminal masterpiece until very late in his life. Life that started and ended the same way. Sickly. You go onto fight through an epidemic famine, a mysterious illness, and he would go on to create quite possibly the most famous horror monster to ever grace page stage or screen. He was a large burly bearded man. I could beat you in a foot race in drop to the ground on the rugby field. The cover quite understand why people found it. So hard to accept that someone had the body of a man but the heart of a child, the mind of a woman, this is a series as fairy tales the occult, the theater. A Zombie like hord drownings murder, and at some point, a few books will be written. Stuff I just talked about. None of that's in the books. real-life. Some of those books that he will write will include the snake's pass. Why Lady of the Shroud Mystery of the sea? The duties of clerk of petty sessions in Ireland. Ladies and gentlemen we give to you. The man who wrote Dracula. Ram? Stoker. Know Stephanie an what are you know about Brown? Stoker. That he wrote Dracula and Lady of the shout I completely forgot that he wrote that well, he wrote a bunch of different. Couple couple of. Romance novels to a bunch of different horror novels that actually get made into movies and comic book stuff like that that I think people forget about. But yes, everybody knows about Dracula question is you know anything about his life because I don't think most people do now I know absolutely nothing. I know nothing Jon snow. Well you're GONNA find out. The stumps up some stuff about him I knew I learned it from reading another book American vamp. Abraham Lincoln Vampire Hunter Ramp Stoker's actually in that book and I learned a few things about him. In that book I haven't read it yet not not the fictitional thing about killing vampires but actually stop that was in life that's in the book So our main reference for the series is Abraham Lincoln Vampire noticed. Something in the blood the untold story of Bram Stoker. The man who wrote Dracula, by David J Scott. Will get into how I feel about this book and why I feel the way I do about this book. Near the end or maybe of of maybe next episode because I don't want to start going off one of the things I don't think about it And give stuff away. But we'll get into how I feel about that particular book in A. Lot of stuff about Bram stoker. You are going to learn about Brown Stalker in this series. I just. Wish, I could have got the recorder. Now Abraham Stoker Junior was born November eighth eighteen forty seven and clutter TRAF-. A seaside. Parish. Of. Dublin Ireland. Clan Trough. A weird fucking name. But. A lot of Irish cities have. Weird. Yes. He was the third child and second son to Abraham Coats Stoker Junior and Charlotte Matilda Blake Thornley Stoker. Same Year Thomas Edison and Alexsandr Graham born Graham born Graham Bell were born also the same year that the brought is brought brought Tei protect the Bronte sisters published Jane Eyre and worthing, Heights. lathering heights. Now I said he said worthing heights loves spell the you. Wondering Heights and it's W. It's w. you are was as were. The silent. Whether he night. Okay. Weathering Heights I apologize. Jane. Eyre and weathering heights, which would both go on to influence brand two lasers riding. Along, with the penny dreadful series Varney, the vampire or feasts of blood by James Malcolm Rymer there's GonNa. Be a few words in here that you're going to have the correct me on. Just an NCAA Shin because there's A lot of like old English, Irish, some Franch stuff like that saw I'm sure you're probably GonNa be correcting me Guatemalan French I have no idea. Oh good. So I can just say bullshit not. Yet awesome. Okay now let's get to know the family real quick at because his family's. especially mom. It's fitting for the Halloween series. We don't know a ton about ABE senior We know he's born march twelfth seventeen, ninety nine Dublin Ireland the youngest of six children to William Stoker born seventeen, fifty five and and eighteen, twenty, seven and Frances Smith seventeen sixty to eighteen fifty one who were married at Saint Andrews parish in April of seventeen eighty Iran stoker senior actually worked in a castle. Dublin castle the seat of Government Administration where he was career civil servant. And that's pretty much all we know. Now Charlotte. On the other hand, we know a little bit more about. We know she was born June twenty eighth eighteen eighty and sly go Ireland. She grew up in a piously Protestant family of comfortable though certainly, not luxurious means in sly go and the north west of Ireland. She was an avid hater.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Fresh Air
"The moral issues involved the stakes involved and to bring the issue of Slavery Front and Center, and that's what John Brown did. and. What about Abraham Lincoln you read about a speech he gave I think on the tenth anniversary of his inauguration was out it was. Yes And actually the speech was at the unveiling of a statue. In Washington DC, a statue that has currently been the source of controversy of Lincoln at the moment of emancipate and the current controversy is that the slave depicted is rising up to freedom that's artistic symbolism of it but the complaint is that wait the the slave should be the slave person now with the shackles off should be standing as tall as Lincoln. But anyway so Frederick Douglass. Was Sorely critical of Lincoln during the early phases of the war that Lincoln was not taking the position that this war is about slavery that Lincoln was denying the obvious fact that it was slavery that caused this and these ships slavery is going to have to be dealt with before this ended. But Douglas concluded finally after Lincoln embraced, the emancipation pry issued the emancipation proclamation and after the war turned out, well, that Lincoln was probably a better judge of American politics than Douglas himself was and so Douglas concludes that both men John Brown Abraham Lincoln. To the patient in the way it played out. I want to finish by coming back to where we started. This is a story about two men choosing very different paths in pursuit of justice one, you know radical and violent the other. Pursuing traditional politics as the route to change, and as you look at what we've seen in the streets of the United States and its political discourse. Over the past year Allen enough. I'm just wondering what? These stories you think tell us as we consider these issues. I hope they tell us relatively little because if they tell us a lot, it will mean that we are closer to a civil war than I hope and think we are but there is a lesson to be taken from this nonetheless, and part of the lesson is that every movement for social change requires the conscience of people like, John Brown. But people like John Brown sin can sometimes follow their conscience too far. Just because you're on the right side of history doesn't mean that you can't go wrong and no one would or should countenance the murders John. Brown was responsible for in Kansas or his efforts to start a war that might result in the deaths of hundreds or thousands of people so. We should look at John Brown as having the courage of his convictions but. Let's not take it to those extreme ends. Abraham Lincoln tells us that in American democracy. Real. Change lasting change comes only through the political system and it wasn't John. Brown's raid on harpers ferry. It wasn't even the man, the anticipation proclamation that ended slavery. It was the thirteenth amendment and Lincoln had known from the beginning the slavery would not end in America until the constitution was changed. And he was absolutely right. So maybe we need the conscience of the zealots of the extremists like Brown but we also need the pragmatism in the steady hand of the politician, the pragmatists like Lincoln. Will H W brands?.
Fresh update on "abraham lincoln" discussed on Fresh Air
"Abraham Lincoln tells us that in American democracy really change lasting change comes on Lee through the political system, and it wasn't John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry. It wasn't even the man the Emancipation Proclamation that ended slavery. It was the 13th amendment, and Lincoln had known from the beginning. The slavery would not end in America until the Constitution was changed, and he was absolutely right. So maybe we need the conscience of the zealots of the extremists like Brown, but we also need the pragmatism in the steady hand of the politician. Pragmatists like Lincoln. H W brands. Thank you So much for speaking with us. My pleasure. H W Brands, chairs the History department at the University of Texas at Austin. His new book is the Zealot and the Emancipator, John Brown, Abraham Lincoln and the Struggle for American Freedom. Coming up. Justin Chang.
The Pandemic Behind The Pandemic
"This episode, we're going to be talking about the most pressing issue of our time, and there's a statement that you cannot solve a problem that you don't understand. You cannot solve a problem that you don't understand and to take that a step further, you cannot solve a problem you don't know you have. Right now we're dealing with a worldwide pandemic and there are many pieces of this situation that are not being analyzed. It's such a broad wide ranging issue with many components and today when a break some of those things down in a reminded me of a statement and this was published in the journal Invention intelligence referring to Albert. Einstein. Stating that quote often the problem as given is misleading. And you have to work through a mass of data to define the real problem. Often this step consumes more time than deriving the solution. Einstein was quoted to have said if I were given an hour in which to do a problem upon which my life depended. I would spend forty of those minutes studying the problem fifteen minutes reviewing the problem. And just five minutes solving it. So today we're going to get a better understanding of the underlying problem the pandemic behind the pandemic. and. This starts for me with the report that I talked about back in April when this situation really began to kick off and it really was alarming and I wanted to make sure that people knew about this data. Now, here in the US, we had early access to some data because several other countries had experienced the ramifications of covid nineteen being spread throughout the population most notably Italy was really hit the hardest and their data really gave us an opportunity to be aware of our. Underlying susceptibility. To, Cope in nineteen to infectious diseases of really all types but specifically and looking at the data with covid nineteen after thousands of people lost their lives. The Scientific Advisor to Italy's Minister of Health stated that quote on re evaluation by the National Institute of Health only twelve percent of the death certificates have shown a direct causality from corona virus alone. While eighty eight percent of patients who have died have at least one pre morbidity in many times two or three. Pre existing chronic diseases that have become absolute pandemics in our today themselves have really left susceptible. And we had this data and even take it a step further and I talked about this the very beginning of the pandemic. This was published the Journal of the American Medical Association in April. This was back in April. This analyze data hospitalized Kobe nineteen patients in New, York City, which was really the epicenter of a lot of the the turmoil, the fallout. In an covered that already approximately ninety percent of people having severe reactions to Kobe nineteen or those with pre existing chronic diseases with the most common co morbidity is being hypertension, obesity and diabetes. And now in the real reason that this show is happening today, the just published a report. Updated on September thirtieth twenty. Twenty. Reiterated with the data has been showing us from the very beginning their official report stated that ninety four percent of the lives loss from covid nineteen. When people who had additional diseases they stated that for each death noted to be related to cope nineteen, there were on average two point, six additional conditions or causes for each death. Most notably type two diabetes and hypertension. This is not to say that covid nineteen has not been absolute destructive force. In our society. This is to say. That, these chronic diseases loaded the gun. In Cova nineteen pulled the trigger. Our susceptibility. Our underlying pre existing health conditions as a society sets up when I saw that data coming out of Italy, I was like all we're in trouble. We're in trouble here in the United States we're in trouble. And this is why today we're going to take a deep dive and really look at this issue we're going to get a face to face good look in the mirror at the issues that are underlying. So many of the problems experiencing. As. A culture, we cannot turn a blind eye to this stuff anymore. This is our opportunity to change things right now but we need to get face to face with this problem and we need to understand truly how bad it is in all the different components so that we can come to a solution because as Albert. Einstein. And by the way with all the quotes that might come from Albert Einstein or from Abraham Lincoln or whatever we don't know who said it whoever did is pretty SMART But in that statement of like if you've got. An hour for problem spending forty minutes on the problem itself studying the problem looking at all angles of it then reviewing your study of that problem. Right and then you spending five minutes on solution this because the solution will be much more effective. Much more poignant. When. You actually understand what you're trying to do. You actually understand the problem.
Fresh update on "abraham lincoln" discussed on Fresh Air
"That point many people in the South said there is no way we can stay in the same country under the same government. As this person John Brown and those people who have made a saint out of John Brown. We'll take another break here. Let me just re introduce you. We are speaking with HDW brands. His new book is the zealot and the Emancipator, John Brown, Abraham Lincoln and the struggle for American freedom. I'll talk more with us after this short break. This is fresh air. Support for.
Indigenous leaders condemn Portland violence before Indigenous Peoples Day
"A group of native leaders joined the Mayor of Portland and in indigenous lawmaker Monday in condemning violent protests that toppled statues of Theodore, Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln over the weekend and damaged buildings including a Museum Oregon Live reported lawmaker Tana Sanchez who is Shoshoni Bannock, and you'd called the damage to the Oregon Historical Society as well as downtown businesses and buildings at Portland State University. Obscene. Inappropriate and unconscionable protesters broke windows at the society's building a quilt made by black women to honor contributions by the black community. Ahead of the country's bicentennial was left in the street in the
Fresh update on "abraham lincoln" discussed on Fresh Air
"Presidential debate, it was announced today it will be a rules change, Trump and bind will have their microphones cut off while their rival delivers their opening two minute answer to each of the debate topics. As coronavirus cases surge in Europe and several other regions. The World Health Organization is calling on countries to get backto basics to limit the spread of the virus. NPR's Jason Beaubien says the show is warning the pandemic could get far worse in coming weeks. Further actions aren't taken. The W H O s is that over the last week, half the countries in Europe saw at least a 50% increase in Corona virus cases. This temperatures fall and people are spending more time indoors. Cases are also accelerating. In North America. Jos Maria van Kirk ofthe says countries need to aggressively test to the virus, isolate cases and really quarantine contacts of anyone who's tested positive. That means not goingto work. It means not going to the grocery store. It means not socializing with friends. It means not having people over at your home, she says. 2nd and 3rd waves of this disease are avoidable. People practice social distancing wear masks in communities effectively quarantine individuals who may have been exposed. Jason Beaubien. NPR NEWS SETTLE Court has rejected an effort by the Trump administration to cut off food assistance to many unemployed adults don't have dependents. NPR's Dan Charles reports, according to some estimates, the cutbacks would have affected 700,000 people. More than a dozen states went to court to block a change in the supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or snap, which the U. S. Department of Agriculture announced late last year. That change forced states to enforce a rule that requires most snap recipients to work or participate in work training for 20 hours a week unless they're elderly, disabled or supporting dependence. The change has not yet gone into effect. Congress stopped the USDA from implement to get during the Corona virus emergency and now a federal judge, in a strongly worded decision has struck it down, permanently, calling it arbitrary and capricious. Dan Charles. NPR news Stocks closed lower to start the trading week. The Dow down 410 points. The NASDAQ fell 192 points. This is NPR. Live from KTVT News. I'm Kate Wolf DEA from a new study conducted at San Francisco's 16th and Mission. Bart Station suggests Rapid Cove in 19 tests can identify people who are actively infectious. Quids Laura Clive Ins has more. The test can deliver results in just 15 minutes. It's a nasal swab that can be conducted on a street corner. The rapid test is less sensitive, but it picks up high virus levels. Study lead Dr Diane Have, Lear of UCSF says that can be valuable. It performed very well and identified those individuals who had high levels of Iris. Two are most likely to be in the most transmissible. The idea is that those people could then isolate bringing down transmission. The study found. Positive rates for the virus have dropped since August, but that Latinos, Day laborers and service workers are still disproportionately impacted on Laura Cliven news. Body camera footage released back San Francisco Police today shows a 21 year old man running at officers with a knife in his hand and two officers opening fire. Caesar Antonio Vargas was killed on October 10th. Vargas had jumped on the hood of a woman's car in an attempted Carjacking at market and golf streets. Police say he pulled her out of the car and held a knife to her throat. SFPD commander Robert O'Sullivan says two officers chased Fargas and yelled at him to drop the knife. Mr. Vargas took steps backwards and then sprinted towards one of the officers. With the knife in his right hand, Mr Vargas Yelp Celia racial slur. Both officers involved have been put on leave as multiple investigations into the shooting Continue. I'm Kate Wolf News. Support for NPR comes from Rocket mortgage, working to help home buyers find a home loan that fits their budget. Home. Buyers can adjust payment, see tax estimates and closing costs. Oh, in real time. Rocket mortgage rocket can and buy the listeners of cake. Tomorrow. Sunny skies around the Bay Area High, slow seventies to the low nineties 82 expected in Morocco in Walnut Creek. It should reach 80 Livermore, maybe the hot spot with a high expected of 90 degrees. Same for Sacramento, 90 tomorrow here in San Francisco. We're expecting a high of 72 degrees. This is fresh air. I'm Dave Davies in today for Terry Gross. We're at a moment in history when many Americans are thinking and speaking out about the injustice of racism in the United States and wondering what to do about it. Will mass demonstrations bring meaningful change our electoral politics and new laws, the key to new opportunity and transformed relationships and when, if ever our violence and property damage justified, our guest historian H W brands explore some of those questions in a new book about to 19th century American leaders who pursued the abolition of slavery in very different ways. John Brown was an anti slavery militant who sought to free people from bondage with guns and was hanged in 18 59 after trying to spark an insurrection in Harper's Valley in Virginia. Brown, by the way, is played by Ethan Hawke, in a new Showtime series about Brown's life called the Good Lord Bird. Abraham Lincoln is, of course, remembered as the Civil War president who signed the Emancipation Proclamation. But brands notes that for years Lincoln took a gradualist approach to ending slavery. Even offering to pay rebellious slave owners for the property they would lose if they're slaves were freed. H W Brands, chairs the History department at the University of Texas at Austin. He's written more than a dozen biographies and works of history, two of which were finalists for the Pulitzer Prize. He joins me from his home in Austin to talk about his new book, The Zealot and The Emancipator. John Brown, Abraham Lincoln and the struggle for American Freedom. Well, H W brands Welcome to fresh air. These are two historical figures whose lives you know have been pretty well to chronicle Lincoln. Especially. Why did you want to consider them again and together? Partly because they address a timeless question, especially in a democracy. What does a good person do when the government That that person lives under is engaged in something evil in a great evil. In fact, and the evil the John Brown and Abraham Lincoln agreed on was slavery. But they differ dramatically on the most effective the most appropriate way of dealing with that. This is a question that comes up in every generation. It could be the Vietnam or it could be. The current crisis over race relations and a reckoning with race. And I thought it was worth looking at in the context of the 19th century and the overriding issue then of slavery. So let's talk about John Brown. First. He is best known for the raid on Harper's Ferry Virginia, which is, by the way now in West Virginia. That was the event that ended his life. But he was a pretty fascinating character long before that, tell us just a bit about his life and what distinguished him, particularly on the subject of race relations. John Brown Wass. Born in 1800. He spent the 1st 35 years of his life, trying to figure out what to do with himself. He married twice. His first wife died. He had 20 Children. He never could quite make a success at anything. He tried his hand at various occupations. He finally found his calling, though, when the abolitionist movement really took hold in the United States in the 18 thirties, he had always been opposed to slavery. He recalled a moment when one of his playmates ah black boy. Head for no good reason. Just been beaten about the head with a shovel by his master, and in young Joan Brown thought this was wrong, but he couldn't quite figure out what to do about it. But when Elijah Lovejoy, an abolitionist editor, Was killed, was murdered by a mob in 18 37. John Brown decided that this wass the cause of his life, this was what he had been preparing for, and he stood up in his church in Hudson, Ohio, and announced that He would forever after wage war against slavery. He lives a lot of places, and he had a place in Albany, New York, and it was interesting that it was a truly bi racial household, at least for a while, wasn't it? Well..
The former longtime chairman of the Seminole Tribe of Florida has died from COVID-19
"This is national native news. I'm Megan cameras in for Antonio Gonzales. The State of Virginia is the latest State to recognize indigenous Peoples Day Governor Ralph, Northam declared October twelfth as the day for the state to recognize indigenous people instead of the official federal holiday named for Christopher Columbus. North the made the announcement in a video message as a country and as a Commonwealth. Too often say to live up to our commitments with indigenous peoples whose land we now call Virginia and they have suffered historic injustices as a result indigenous peoples day celebrates the resilient of our tribal communities and promote reconciliation healing and continued friendship with Virginia's Indian tribes. Virginia joins at least thirteen other states and dozens of municipalities that are opting to honor indigenous people either instead of or in conjunction with the Federal Holiday I established as Columbus Day in one, thousand, nine, hundred, seventy, one. Heading into indigenous peoples day protesters in Portland Oregon toppled statues of Abraham, Lincoln and Theodore. Roosevelt police called the unrest overnight a riot protesters in Santa Fe New Mexico gathered over the weekend demanding the city remove a controversial monument dedicated to what a plaque calls heroes who fought against tribes during the settlement of the. West. Ahead of indigenous people stay President Trump signed Savannah's act over the weekend, a bill that seeks to address missing and murdered indigenous. People. USA Today reports the bipartisan legislation requires that Federal State local and tribal law enforcement agencies have updated protocols to address, missing and murdered native Americans. The law is named after Savannah Lafontaine Gray wind a twenty two year old member of the spirit lake, tribe in North Dakota who was murdered in two thousand seventeen while pregnant and her baby cut out of her womb. It seeks to address a gap and data where thousands of cases of missing and murdered indigenous women and girls were not entered into a department of Justice database. Despite many disruptions this year, the twenty twenty cents is carrying on to tally hard to reach communities including indigenous people, KFC sees Brian Bull reports the twenty ten cents ended up with a nearly five percent undercount for American Indians and Alaskan natives. Now, census officials have aggressively tackle challenges for the two thousand. Census Jessica Emma Tachi as a chickasaw Indian who's with the Census Bureau's La Regional Office. She says, they relied on tribal liaisons through the Pandemic Litigation and wildfires we had to be patient when there were areas. Where they're evacuations or when smoke levels and air quality were not great, and so it was not necessarily safe to have our enumerators out. So that is why we've been able to do phone enumeration but also making sure if a tribe had been evacuated and then they come back, we know when we're able to go back in sixty nine tribes Oregon of already surpassed their twenty ten self response rates. The deadline for all census data gathering is October thirty first for National Native News. I'm Brian Bowl in Eugene Oregon. The former longtime chairman of the tribal council of the seminole tribe of Florida has died the Tampa Bay. Times reports Max osceola junior died from complications due to covid nineteen. He was seventy Osceola help transform the seminole tribe with projects such as the Hard Rock Hotel Cafe and Casino brand which the tribe purchased from Hard Rock International. He represented the Hollywood seminole reservation and served thirteen consecutive terms from one thousand, nine, hundred, five to two, thousand, ten Chris. OSCEOLA is the current tribal council representative from the Hollywood reservation although no relation, he called Max a modern day warrior and a true love. For National. Native, news I'm making camera.
Portland protesters topple Lincoln, Roosevelt statues during ‘Day of Rage’
"Toward Columbus Day in Portland, Oregon last night as protesters smashed windows and overturned statues of former President Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln Protest organizers dubbed the event Indigenous Peoples Day of Rage. Historians have said that President Roosevelt expressed hostility toward Native Americans. Police in Portland declared the event a riot in order the group to disperse but it's unclear if any arrests were made. While it's
Portland protesters pull down statues of Teddy Roosevelt, Lincoln
"I get Teo tell you about these protesters in Portland. They've overturned statues of former President Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln in Portland, Oregon, Sunday night in a declaration of rage. Toward the Columbus Day, Okay. Or maybe you just have nothing to do and your destructive there. Maybe there just may be sewing thing. Yeah, protest organizers dubbed the event in Dead Indigenous Peoples Day of rage. In other words, it's time for us to act up. And get away with it in response to Monday's federal holiday naming named the 15th Century Italian explorer Christopher Columbus Day today. The group through change around Roosevelt statue pulling it down just before 9 P.m.. Protesters then turned their attention to Lincoln's test. You're pulling it down about eight minutes later. Please say windows were broken on several buildings, declared a riot along with Columbus. Historians have said both presidents have expressed hostility and racism toward Native Americans.
Trump says he'll choose a woman to replace RBG
"Of President Trump in North Carolina are weighing in on what he should do about replacing Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the Supreme Court after her death on Friday. I don't necessarily feel Donald Trump needs to pick a woman or a man. I feel like he needs to pick the person who's the most qualified conservatives. Khun finally take the Supreme Court. Mr. Trump held a rally last night and fed Phil's DBS is Steve Dorothy, with the latest Good night. Well, this President, Trump pledged to quickly fill her seat on the Supreme Court. I think it should be a woman because I actually like women, much more than I like men, I have to say Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has promised to vote Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden is expected to speak this afternoon on President Trump's plan to name a third justice to the U. S. Supreme Court. Democratic senator and former presidential candidate Amy Club, which our ways in telling CNN the on ly one. This close was when Abraham Lincoln was president, and he made the wise decision to allow the election to occur and then decide who would nominate and who he would nominate that happened.
Lock of Abraham Lincoln’s hair sells for more than $81,000 in Boston auction
How did the GOP become the party of Trump?
"For, a long time you didn't need to vote for the Republican Party to understand what it thought. It stood for this was the GOP, the grand old party natural political home of Steel Spine Rock ribbed American patriots who feed gold revered the flag and prized freedom. The Great. Republican presidents was serious people Abraham Lincoln the laconic lawyer who saved the Union freed the Slaves Theodore Roosevelt these swashbuckling polymath with a sweeping vision of America's place in the world. Dwight Eisenhower. The general who are treated d day liberated Europe. Then signed the first civil rights bill balanced the budget and ended the war in Korea Ronald Reagan. The indefatigable optimist who won the Cold War George H, w Bush. The bomber pilot turned oil baron who wanted a kinder gentler nation. Republicans. Preached Individual Liberty Individual Responsibility? Civic. Respectability they believed themselves stolid practical, dignified, and decent. If. One had to conjure a cartoonish affront to all that the GOP has affected to hold dearest one would arrive at a caricature very much like President Donald trump a godless draft dodger, a leering creep, an incorrigible liar, a perennial associate of Crooks Yahoos and Weirdos and a shameless ignoramus. But there he is at least until January twentieth and possibly for four beyond. In. The first episode of our series looking at the twenty twenty US presidential election, we'll ask how when, and why. The Party of Lincoln became the Party of trump. Why have so many GOP grandees being so willing to go along with this and what kind of future Republicans have once America runs out of angry mean old white guys
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"Fire. John doesn't seem cowed. I only I only one leg give me some show for my life withdraw your men from fifty yards from the door and I'll come out and fight you fight you seriously. I'm guessing you're jealous enough to shoot a president of the United States your zealous enough to take on over twenty armed soldiers, but Luther doesn't want a shootout. He retorts you didn't come here to fight you off to take you prisoner, but we will take you dead or alive at this point Dave. He loses his nerve. He's had enough running and he definitely doesn't want to get into a firefight wage. Federal calorie John's co-conspirator exits the barn with his hands up soldiers immediately NAB him the youngest Garrett son Richard jr. Describes quote the Palm little wretch was dragged away whining and crying like a child and securely bound to a tree and the yard, he kept up his whimpering until the captain had ordered him gagged closed quote home with Davey out-of-the-way Everton Luther and Edward realized they're going to have to turn the heat up on John literally. They said a few Pine boughs on fire and put the Flaming branches up against the back corners of Old Barn the hay dried. Tobacco leaves and barn boards and immediately catch fire flames quickly light up the moonless night one soldier Sergeant Boston Corvette clearly see an armed John standing in the middle of barn Boston. It's all male heavy mutton chops decides to take action. He raises his Colt revolver takes off. through a gap in farm boards and shoes the bullet strikes John through the neck severing part of his spinal cord Lincoln's assassin slumps to the ground Boston later explains his decision. It was not through fear at all that shot him. But because it was my impression that it was time. The man was shot for I thought he would do harm to our men and trying to fight his way through that Den if I did not but instead of Boston shot Edward in a few soldiers rush into the barn and dragged John safely away from the now Raging Fire John's alive, but barely he's paralyzed from the neck down and can barely breath Only The Reflex action of his diaphragm keeps are moving in and out of his lungs. The gears put a mattress on the front porch a few soldiers Place limp languishing John on the mattress then run to get a local doctor as the Eastern Horizon grows lighter with the impending dong Doctor Charles urquhart arrives on the scene, but there is nothing he can do medical technology in 1865 can't save a person paralyzed from the neck down Everton Lutheran Edwards John's pockets. They find the small memo book in which John has been recording his thoughts while on the Run has ever since its near John and reads through the often rambling memo book entries. He notices John was trying to speak Everton leans down and puts his ear next.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"Just as John and Davey bump into Willie jet Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and his staff are Lafayette Baker up in Washington DC get a reliable tip on their whereabouts a telegram back into the war office stating that two men were seeing rowing across the Potomac from Maryland, Virginia only five days ago Edwin and Lafayette jumped to action and assemble a team of 26 soldiers from the 16th, New York Cavalry to go after those men. Lafayette tasks detectives Everton Conger and Luther Baker along with Lieutenant Edward Dougherty to lead these Troopers and find John Wilkes Booth off the search party arrives in Port Royal less than 24 hours after John indeed, but they don't try to make friends with the locals throughout the morning of Tuesday, April 25th. The Posse her veins the citizens of poor economy in Port Royal trying to get a bead on John and gave e a free black couple William and Betty Rollins. Tell Luther Baker that they saw John and Davey just yesterday wage. There's elated. I cannot describe the thrill of intense satisfaction that came over me. When I heard this statement. I was positive. I had struck the trail will even Betty informed the blue LED soldiers that John and Davy had been traveling with Willie jet local boy who was courting a young woman in nearby bowling green if the soldiers find Willie, they might also nap John his page twelve miles of well-maintained shaded Road between Port Royal and Bowling Green Everton Conger decides to check out William and Betty's tip at 11 p.m. In Bowling Green. Everton boss has his men to quietly surround the star hotel while he and Edward Dougherty go inside the question Willie, but there's no way that the young recently paroled confederate soldier. We'll try to run when he's roughly Wrong by two armed Federal officers. In fact once every ten explains just who they are after will he hastily agrees to help he States? I know who you want and I will tell you where they can be found really only want some assurance that he won't be arrested for helping a criminal everything complies and.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"That's a hard scene to move on from but we still have unanswered questions. What have Lincoln's killer. Where is John Wilkes Booth or his co-conspirators to get these answers. I need to go back to March 15th meet John and his accomplices and hear how they're planning to bring down. The union came about rewind Thursday. It's March 15th at gautier's restaurant on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington DC a group of six men sit in a private room eating a late meal and talking in low voices off. John Wilkes Booth leads the conversation the handsome mustachioed actor sits with Lewis Powell and George. Atzerodt Who we've already met John Sarah whose mother runs a well-known boarding house here in town and Michael a Lachlan and Samuel Arnold the only one missing from this Inner Circle of conspirators is round-faced Davey Harold, but John and the Others make plans. Anyway, here's the deal John has been circling around the idea of kidnapping link and since last year's election, he failed once and is chomping at the bit to try again. So he and his co-conspirators have just scoped out Ford's Theater on 10th Street Lincoln often attends shows there with John's inside knowledge and connections to the theater. It makes a perfect place to stash the president and hold him for the exchange of Confederate pows. Sera tells us quote after some difficulty. Everything was amicably arranged and we separated woke 5:00 in the morning close quote. Now. All they have to do is wait for Lincoln to go to a show but nearly a month later John is still waiting. I guess the president of a country wage war with itself doesn't go the theater. That much is Bobby Lee surrenders to you list at Appomattox and the fighting comes to an end John's playing grows from kidnapping to assassination. And that's why on April eleventh when John Davey and Luis are standing on the White House lawn listening to Linkin speak the Confederate sympathizing actor makes more than an idle threat phone number what John says after hearing Lincoln wax eloquent on reconstruction. That is the last speech. He will ever make by God. I'll put him through only three days later John sees an opportunity to go through with his long-anticipated plan a little after 10 a.m. On Friday April 14th. John goes to Ford's Theater to pick up his mail wage. See the actor doesn't actually have a permanent address. So he has his fan mail as well as his bills and personal letters sent here. While at the front desk John over here is a messenger requesting that to upper-level theater boxes be reserved for President Lincoln General Grant and they're guess like the soldiers. He never was John jumps into action across the afternoon the actor runs several important errands like renting a horse for getaway transport. Well John's out on Pennsylvania Avenue a carriage Rolls by with the Ulysses and Julia Grant inside if you listen, Julia will be at the theater. It's night. Why are they riding toward the train station right. Now the Curious actor mounts his horse and chases down the carriage. Julia describes smoked. We were nearing the railway station when a man overtook us Drew alongside and leaning down. Into our Carriage then he wheeled his horse and rode furiously away close quote John seems to have confirmed. Grants won't be at Ford's Theater tonight. That information doesn't distract him at 8:00 John meets with Lewis George and gave you to hand out the final assignment. It's time to put his plot to assassinate the president and leave the United States government leaderless into motion..
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"The following day Wednesday April twelfth Lincoln and his cabinet discussed reconstruction specifically reconstruction in Virginia in brief. The cabinet fears Lincoln is being too trusting last week. He gave his Blessing to the Virginia legislature to meet with the understanding. They would vote to rescind secession Attorney General James speed as well as war and navy secretaries Edwin's sneak in and getting Wells. Hey Kea marze in Neptune expressed grave concerns about this Lincoln is his own man, but not want to ignore his advisors. Furthermore word is coming in that these legislating Confederate Virginians are already starting to push the bounds given them with these combined factors. The Presidents had enough goes to the war department and dictates a telephone granted General Godfrey Weitzel instructing him to his send the permission previously granted to the old Dominion's legislature poor Lincoln. He's trying to proceed carefully generously yet just wage. With reconstruction, that's a tough needle to thread and he feels it the weight of it all is apparent in the conversation. He has with Edwin Stanton as the war secretary tries to resign wage. The details are lacking. There's more than one version of how this chat goes while I would guess. It happens today during Lincoln's visit to the war department. It might have been any day this week. How with the war over Edwin feels it his duty to resign. The rail splitter is touched at his sense of Duty but won't habit. He needs Mars according to age Lincoln grabs him gently by the shoulders and says Stanton you cannot go reconstruction is more difficult and dangerous than construction or destruction. You have been our main Reliance. You must help us through the Final Act. Damn, and to think that called action on reconstruction is one of the last things Lincoln will ever say to his beloved Mars. You can imagine how that will stick with an impact Edwin. And yes that is foreshadowing for a future episode or to Thursday April 13th brings yet more celebration particularly as Ulysses S Grant in his wife Julie arrived in Washington City Bells guns Flags. I mean, you know the drill at this point in his days long celebration you list spends hours with Edwin Stanton a discuss an inch recruiting and cuts to military spending and staff. I seriously wonder if two individuals have ever been happier to see their own Department cut their wives Julia Grant and Ed Stanton join them that afternoon and Julia can't help but know how happy Edwin is the usual grumpy can't fight his Joy not even behind that massive long beard of his birth. The war secretary even host a party that evening at his home bands play as they watch fireworks that night on the front steps. What a great movie how.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"It's late. 1864 Abraham Lincoln is one a second term Confederate cities are falling left. And right the CSA is against the ropes and a twenty-six-year-old. Marylander is determined to remedy that now this young man is already helping the Confederacy. God knows the high wages. His theatrical talents command on stage is from Boston Washington City have bought plenty of quinine for the rebels his Union loyal sister has noted the calluses on his hands from personally rowing across the Potomac to smuggle the valuable medicine, South, Georgia. But the metaphorical hours late it's time for a move far greater proportions. The Confederacy needs more men and since the union refuses to carry out prisoner exchanges, as long Confederate leaders refused to return black pows, the handsome mustachioed pale-skinned actor with jet black hair has come up with a bold plan. He'll kidney the one man For Whom the us would have to exchange thousands of Confederate soldiers President Abraham Lincoln. I made his preparations recruiting accomplices and meeting with the Confederate Secret Service. He's also writing a letter it's undated but should his kidnapping plot fail this Manifesto long. Will he believes explain know justify his actions? The letter is self-contradicting at times and full of dramatic Flair. You might expect from one who spends his life on a stage. Let's read over his shoulder as the ink flows from fountain pen to paper. To whom it may concern right or wrong. God judge me not man for be my motive good or bad of one thing. I am sure took the lasting condemnation of the North. I love peace more than life have loved the union Beyond expression for four years have I waited hoped and prayed for the dark clouds to break and for restoration of our former sunshine to wait longer would be a crime. All hope for peace is dead. My prayers have proved as Idle as my hopes God's will be done I go to see and share The Bitter End. I have ever held the South were right the very nomination of Abraham Lincoln four years ago. Spoke plainly war war waged on southern rights and institutions does the election proved it wait an overt act. He has till you are bound and plundered what Folly The South was wise postings of argument or patients when the finger of his enemy presses on the trigger people of the north to hate tyranny to love liberty and justice to strike it wrong and oppression off the teaching of our fathers the study of our early history will not let me forget it and may it never This country was formed for the white not for the black man and looking upon African slavery from the same standpoint held by the noble framers of our constitution home. I for one have ever considered it one of the greatest blessings both for themselves and us that God has ever bestowed upon a favored nation witnessed heretofore our wealth and off our witness their elevation and Enlightenment above their race else where I have lived among it most of my life and have seen less harsh treatment from mastered a man than I have long held in the north from father to son yet heaven knows no one would be willing to do more for the Negro race than I could I but see a way to still better their condition dead. But Lincoln's policy is only preparing the way for their total Annihilation the South are not nor have they been fighting for the continuance of slavery the First Battle of Bull Run did away with that idea there cause since for war have been as Noble and greater far than those that urged our fathers on even should we allow they were wrong at the beginning of this contest cruelty off Injustice have made the wrong become right and they stand now as a Noble Band of patriotic Heroes here after reading of their deeds Thermopolis will be forgotten when I aided in the capture and execution of John Brown. I was proud of my little share in the transaction for I deemed it my boss and that I was helping our common country to perform an act of justice. But what was a crime and poor John Brown is now considered as the greatest and only virtue of the home. Republican party strange transmigration Vikes to become a virtue simply because more indulge in it. The South can make no choice. It is either extermination or slavery for themselves worse than death to draw from. I know my choice. I have also studied hard to discover upon what grounds the right of a state to secede has been denied. When are very name United States and the Declaration of Independence both provide for secession, but there is no time for words. I write in haste Alas poor country. Is she to meet her threatened Doom 4 years ago. I was given a thousand lives to see her remain powerful and unbroken and even now I would hold my life as not to see her what she was. Oh my friends if the fearful thoughts of the past four years had never been enacted or if what has been had been but a frightful Dream from which we could now awake was what overflowing Hearts could be bless our God and pray for his Continued favor how I have loved the old flag. It never be known a few years since and the entire world could boast of nuns. So pure and spotless. May I have of late been seen and hearing of the bloody Deeds of which she has been made the emblem and which shudder to think how changed she has grown? Oh how I have longed to see her break from a list of blood and death that circles around her folds spoiling her beauty and tarnishing her owner, but no day-by-day has she been dragged deeper and deeper into cruelty E fresh until now in my eyes her once bright red stripes look like bloody gashes on the face of habit. I look now upon my early admiration of her glories as a dream. my love is for the South alone nor do I deem it a dishonor and attempting to make for her a prisoner of this man whom she oh so much misery it Confederate doing Duty upon his own responsibility J Wilkes Booth Welcome to.
The Last US Civil War Pension
"Triplet was born in Nineteen thirty in Wilkes County North Carolina Sixty five years after the end of the civil war. How she ended up receiving civil war pension is one of those stories that you wouldn't believe if it wasn't true. But when you do the math, it actually does workout. Her father was most triplet was a veteran of the civil war. He had the distinction of having fought for both the confederacy and the Union. He was a member of the fifty third North Carolina infantry who fought in the battle of Gettysburg. On the way to Gettysburg most fell ill and was hospitalized the illness probably saved his life because most of his unit was either killed or wounded during the battle. After he recovered, he deserted the confederates and joined up with the third north, Carolina mounted infantry which fought for the union. The unit was known as Kirks raiders after commander Colonel, George Washington. Kirk. After the war Mos- returned to North Carolina got married and started a family his wife Mary passed away in one, thousand, nine, hundred, ninety. As with many older civil war veterans, they would often take younger second wives especially during the Great Depression as their pension was considered a source of stable income. In one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, four at the age of seventy eight MOS married his second wife Alita who was twenty nine years old Mohsen Alita had five children. One of them Irene was born in one, thousand, nine, thirty when Mos- was eighty-three. Irene was just eight years old when her father died at the age of ninety two after returning home from a civil war veterans reunion. Irene had a cognitive disability which made her eligible to continue to receive her father civil war pension after his death as a quote, helpless child of a veteran. She received her father's pension of seventy three dollars and thirteen cents every month from her father's death in one thousand, nine, thirty, eight to her death in. Twenty twenty. The amount was never for inflation. The entire time it's estimated she received approximately seventeen thousand dollars over the course of her life. In addition to having received the last civil war pension, she was also the last child of a civil war veteran. The second to last child of a civil war veteran also had an interesting story in two thousand. Eighteen Fred Upton passed away at the age of ninety seven. His father was William H Upton. Who is a civil war veteran and the former governor of the state of Wisconsin who was elected in eighteen ninety four. Because of the occurrence of young women marrying much older men with pensions, the passing of the last civil war widow wasn't that long ago either in two thousand and eight motty Hopkins died at the age of ninety three in thousand, nineteen, thirty, four at the age of nineteen she married eighty six year old William Cantrell who served as a sixteen year old soldier in the confederate army. Blast Union widow was Gertrude Janeway who passed away in two thousand three. The last surviving documented veteran of the civil war was Albert Wilson who died at the age of one, hundred, six in one thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, six he was a fourteen year old drummer boy in the first Minnesota. Heavy. Artillery Regiment. In one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, six there was an episode of the TV Game Show I've got a secret with a ninety five year old man named Samuel Seymour. The panelists had to guess what the guest secret was. Samuel Seymour. Was the last surviving witness to Abraham Lincoln's assassination. He was a five year old boy was taken affords theater and said in the balcony across the theater from the present it. there. Is a clip of the appearance on Youtube and I highly recommend viewing it if you're interested in such things. The. Last surviving person who was born as a slave in the United States was Peter Mills who died in Nineteen seventy-two he was born into slavery in eighteen sixty one and live to be one hundred, ten, one person was both born into bondage and live to see the moon landing. The last surviving veteran of the Revolutionary War was John Gray who died in eighteen sixty, eight at the age of one, hundred four he's one of the only people who live to see both the revolution and the civil war oddly enough he was born on George Washington's estate Mount Vernon and his father died in the revolutionary. War. The, last surviving veteran of Napoleon's army was a Polish man Vincent Markowitz who died at one hundred and eight in nineteen three and the last veteran of the war of eighteen twelve was Hiram Cronk who passed away in one thousand, nine, five at the age of one, hundred and five. In Two thousand eleven at the age of one hundred and ten American Frank. Buck was the last surviving veteran of World War One in the world to pass away. Demographers estimate that the last veteran of World War Two will pass away sometime around the year twenty, forty four. It will probably be someone who fought at a very young age and lives to be at least one, hundred and ten. It's amazing how the lives of some people can span such incredible lengths of time and how we can have lives that overlap them. We think of the civil war is being a long time ago. Yet we're only two or three generations removed from people who lived through all of these events.
National Nonprofit Day with Hannah Hethmon
"Hey Paul this is Hannah Hessman August. Seventeenth is national nonprofit day. My favorite kind of nonprofits are museums. Of course, all our favourite museums are locked down right now struggling to get through this virus like the rest of us. So I thought we'd celebrate them a little and I challenge you on that note to find a great podcast created by a museum. Go. Well Hannah under most other circumstances, this would have been a minor challenge. But as it turns out, we have a mutual friend that has a podcast about museums and that same friend was my eighth guest on this show. For my first recommendation, I'm going with museum archipelago. When the host Ian Elsner was my guest I mentioned an old episode about the Apollo Eleven landing site. But I'm not going to take the easy way out and I'm going to suggest to newer and very relevant topic statues. In this episode and talks about the relationship statues and museums, he goes into the tearing down toward causton statue and one of his guests talks about the slippery slope. So to celebrate this National Nonprofit Day learn about a nonprofit consider donating time or money to one that you believe in and let us know using the National Nonprofit Day Hashtag. Today's guest is Hannah Hetman. Hannah's the writer and producer of the Vagina Museum podcast. Yes. You heard that correctly. In New York there is a sex museum which I've been to. In Iceland, there is a Pinas Museum which I haven't been to. And now there is a Johnny Museum which opened in London in two thousand and nineteen. The podcast. Liked the museum is all about smashing shame and stigma around the vagina through awareness education and route puns. The first and recommended episode is entitled. See you next Tuesday as in the letter C. and the letter, you would you like me to wait for you to figure it out. As most people know there are many terms for the vagina, but there is one that stands out as the most offensive if you still haven't figured it out, it starts with the letter C and ends would Tuesday? This episode answers a lot of questions about that specific word. For last recommendation Hannah recommends if people saw that slavery was getting started why didn't they stop it by Q. and Abe? She says and I quote. This podcast is produced totally in house by President Lincoln's cottage in DC. They take questions from their guests. They can't answer at the moment and die super deep into them with the help of historians to address big ideas in American history loosely connected to Abraham. Lincoln. Of course, but it's so much more than a podcast about Lincoln Unquote. For. Today's episode hot sauce. I'm going to relay on link that Hannah gave me. If I got stuck trying to find an episode related to this day. Hanna is the owner of better lemon creative audio that produces podcast for museums, history organizations, and cultural nonprofits. So check out the director she created that anyone can add to. Come back on August, twenty fifth where I'll be talking about close a topic I have no business talking about.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on A Biography Podcast - Life Histories of Successful People
"Other memorials are dedicated to him in different parts of the country. The Lincoln Memorial in Washington is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. It houses many memorabilia from Lincoln's personal life and office tenure. He has been a subject of many Hollywood films and has been portrayed as one of America's greatest heroes. President Barack Obama named Abraham. Lincoln is his favourite president. He used Lincoln's Bible for his oath ceremony as a tribute to the president. Fact you probably didn't know. Lincoln is the one who declared the final Thursday of November to be celebrated as the National Thanksgiving holiday. Lincoln's bodyguard was missing when Lincoln was assassinated. He took part in wrestling matches before he became actively involved in politics. Lincoln was an animal lover and would have opened an animal shelter after his retirement if he was not assassinated. He survived an assassination attempt in the year eighteen, sixty four as the bullet fired at him. Hit his hat. It was claimed that Lincoln's health started to deteriorate even before his assassination he had developed a rare genetic disease that led to muscle wastage. This podcast on Abraham Lincoln helped you learn about Abraham Lincoln the struggles he went through and his achievements even though he was constantly depressed almost all his life he found a reason to live all his life here remain true to his country and people and carved his name in history. So whenever you are in a dire situation and doing something illegal looks like the easy way out remember what Abraham Lincoln said. Whatever you are the a good one. To listen to more interesting podcasts or read interesting articles on finance health history life stories, and science download our APP from apple and Google play stores are APP is called was Suru and spelled W. I s. you are you..
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on A Biography Podcast - Life Histories of Successful People
"Skills argue with each other there he noticed that lawyers often referred to books like the United States, constitution and the Declaration of independence. So he read all these books thoroughly then eighteen thirty, five Abraham Lincoln started to study law on his own. He read law using books borrowed from a law firm and a judge and September of the following year. After passing oral examination, he got the license to practice law he began his practice soon after. Personal Life. He met his first love interest in the following years but she passed away due to typhoid fever. He then met another woman but the relationship died after they both agreed that it was not working. In eighteen thirty, nine Lincoln met Mary Todd a woman who later became his wife and mother of his children they got married in eighteen, forty, two, the couple settled in Springfield near Lincoln's law office. The couple had four sons two of whom died aged four and twelve due to burke yellow says and fever respectively. Entering the US House of Representatives. The eighteen forty three Lincoln decided to contest the election for the United States House of representatives from the seventh Congressional district. However, the Whig Party in which Lincoln was a member nominated John J harden. So he couldn't get a nomination for that election. Three years later when his party nominated him, he won his opponent by securing fifty six percent of the votes and became an active member of the House of Representatives. He introduced the House to a bill to abolish slavery, but he dropped it when it got no support from his own party. He extended his support to nominate General Zachary. Taylor in the eighteen forty, eight presidential elections, Taylor won and became the president of the USAA. After Taylor one Lincoln was not given a post he anticipated. So he decided to continue his law practice as the given post would have ended his political career in Illinois. As a lawyer, he won many cases due to his clean reputation he came to be known as honest Abe. The Kansas Nebraska Act? For several decades, the abolition of slavery has been a heated topic in the USA. It divided the USA into two factions demographically the northern and the southern states. The southern states wanted to expand slavery whereas the northern states wanted to abolish it. In. The eighteen fifties when the USA was expanding deciding if the newly acquired states should abolish slavery or not became a big problem. So a Democratic senator. Cold. Stephen. Douglas proposed a solution the solution passed in eighteen, fifty, four, the Kansas Nebraska Act aimed to let the people of the states decide if they wanted slavery or not. This upset. The delicate balance between the northern states in the southern states which were equal in number as a result a civil war in the country between the northern and southern states became inevitable. This act also annoyed the northern Democrats who opposed slavery. So they quit the party and joined the relatively new Republican. Party. Bree emergence as a leader. The Kansas Nebraska made Lincoln enter politics. Once again, he opposed this act strongly as he opposed slavery and all forms in all his speeches. So he joined the Republicans in the year eighteen, fifty six and became a leader of the Republicans in Illinois soon after. Then, the eighteen fifty six US Senate elections Abraham Lincoln contested against Stephen Douglas even though he lost that election after a series of moving debates Lincoln's presence in the political scene. made him a favorite among the masses. People called him the next Republican presidential candidate. The sixteenth president of the United States of America. For the eighteen sixty presidential elections Abraham Lincoln was chosen as the presidential candidate by his party. Ironically, Lincoln never gave any speeches during his campaign. He led his life story play its part however other Republicans supported him with their speeches they developed such elaborate campaigns portraying Abraham Lincoln as a hero that other candidates looked so small and weak in front of Lincoln and his story. The heroic story of a poor farm boy who becomes the president of the USA appeal to the vast majority of the people. So Abraham Lincoln won the election and become the president of the USA on six November eighteen sixty. He was the first Republican leader to do so. He obtained most of his votes from the northern states has none of the slaveholding southern state supported him due to his stand against slavery in the run-up to his inauguration, he tried to convince the southern states for a political compromise, but none of his efforts made any difference. The seven slaveholding southern states left the USA, which was also called the union back. Then they formed their own sovereign nation called the confederate states of America or the confederates. The polishing. Slavery. Then the following four years Lincoln braved the civil war and painstakingly rallied to bring the states into the Union. He had many health issues during the time including depression for which he took mercury pills that affected his health the trauma of losing a son during his presidential term also added to his depressed mental state. In eighteen, sixty, two Lincoln signed the emancipation proclamation giving freedom to slaves of ten states that didn't fall under the union this proclamation three point nine, million slaves this freed many slaves, but it did not stop slavery altogether however this convinced. Lincoln that they can put an end to slavery if they fought strongly. Then eighteen sixty four Lincoln successfully managed his second presidential campaign and was reelected in November. He delivered his second inaugural address in eighteen, sixty five years all his efforts to reestablish the southern states that had withstood the worst of the war. Lincoln rallied to pass a constitutional amendment that aim to abolish slavery. In his second attempt. He gathered the majority and passed the amendment. This came to be known as the thirteenth amendment to the US. Constitution. The SASSY NATION On the evening of fourteen to April eighteen, sixty, five Lincoln had gone to enjoy play with his wife and General Grant. John Wilkes booth, a spy actor from the confederate states of America had attended. Lincoln's speech on Eleventh April eighteen sixty five in this speech Lincoln had spoken about bringing voting rights for black people hearing that booth decided to assassinate Lincoln and his allies. While the murder attempts of Lincoln's allies failed both successfully entered Lincoln's theatre box and shot him in the head Lincoln remained in a coma for the next nine hours and succumbed to his injuries on the morning of fifteenth. April eighteen sixty five vice president Andrew Johnson was sworn in as the president, the following morning. Booth. Lincoln's murderer was captured from a farm in Virginia after two weeks he had to be killed as he refused to surrender to the police the. Lincoln was laid to rest after taking his body in a funeral train all throughout the country so that morning citizens could take a last look at their president an estimated twenty, five million people attended a memorial service. He was buried in the Oak Ridge cemetery in Springfield his wife and sons are also buried in the same cemetery. There were some attempts to steal Lincoln's remains in the following years, but they were all prevented. Lincoln's Tomb has been five times and his remains have been moved seventeen times to date. Legacy. Lincoln was one of the greatest presidents America has seen. His portrait can be seen on the five dollars bill and Penny. His image was also carved on the Mount Rushmore memorial that features the four US president sue personify by America's story many stamps, feature him, and many.
History of the US Income Tax
"But our country has this really conflicted history with the income tax. It was not designed by our founding fathers for most of American history there was no income tax at all in the years are brand new government needed some way to raise money, but there was no need to mess around with an income tax. The government had a much simpler way just. Tax The stuff that comes into the ports for a long time really the only way that they raised money was using tariff duties duties on imported goods. This is tax historian Joe, thorndike and tariffs are simple. Right? You send out a tax collector told the major ports ship pulls import us go through the manifests, check the cargo and you add up whatever you WANNA tax sugar guns, books simple. But there's one big problem with tariffs they fail you the one time you really really really need revenue tariff duties are great way to raise money as long as you're not fighting a war yet because someone's blocking airport right or sinking your ships on the way. News Yeah. And that that does tend to depress a little bit. So when in the United States do people start to think and talk about an income tax will you know the earliest? In American history that I know of comes during the war of eighteen twelve when the treasury secretary throws it out there it's it's really kind of a throw away in a report that he sends to Congress. You know, hey, we could consider taxing incomes but this suggestion during the war of eighteen twelve, it goes nowhere an income tax is actually a very complicated thing to pull off successfully there are three big obstacles to getting it. Right. The first obstacle is logistics like how do you make sure people pay a percentage of their income? Oh, it's enormously complicated because it really does come down to. The individual, who's filing this return, and that person we're going to expect them to begin with just to keep track of how much they're earning. Then expect a lot of honesty from them about reporting those records to the government and to make sure that they're actually doing the job you didn't have to create this huge administrative apparatus to go in and enforce it, and you have to give these people the power to dig through the personal financial records of every taxpayer, and that's usually pretty unappealing to tax payers and the government is not going to radically reform the tax code unless it has to. Unless, there's something incredibly expensive it needs to fund. This is how a lot of taxes come out. There's a war, and in fact, fifty years after the idea of the income taxes I floated such a war comes to pass the civil war. This is a very, very, very expensive warm Congress needs money to feed its soldiers by guns, cannon ships. So this time, it's not just one guy. Bringing up the income taxes a suggestion this time. Congress makes it law and even more importantly they come up with a way to enforce it Congress provides for the creation of the Bureau of internal. Revenue this is the first real income tax in the United States, but it doesn't look quite like the one we have today during the civil war only the wealthy had to pay income tax. And the government does this really very clever thing to get rich people to pay it. It makes tax returns public during the civil war anyone could go in and look up your income tax return or at least your report of how much you earn and the idea was that this would help improve compliance because your neighbor would see you driving around on your brand new plow and he'd. Say Wait a minute I that guy get all that money I'm going to see how much he reported on his income tax and they'd go in and they check it out and they could report to the agency and say, Hey, you know I. Don't think that this is the right number. This guy looks like he's living too large for this sort of an income they sort of conscripted. And made the tax collector. So who is living large in? Let's say Washington DC in eighteen, sixty four. Well, we pulled up a copy of the tax assessor sheets for DC, during the civil war and there happens to be a guy here Abraham. Lincoln. Address White House at the White House. Everyone knows where it is it's senator and and the taxes he paid I'm sure people were very interested in this one, thousand, two, hundred, ninety dollars. They're also entries here for restaurant owners for liquor dealers some guy lived on longboat may be in the Potomac River. It's clear from this list that people were paying taxes, the plan worked. Well, some people are paying taxes the north part of the country. Remember this is the civil war, the south. Also attempted an income tax attempted they had a much less effective, a tax system and their income tax was much less effective than the North's version. Is there a case to be made? The civil war was sort of an economic battle in the in the north was better at at that and raising money and and that's one reason at one. Oh, absolutely I mean taxes do have a lot to do with the. North. Winning the war. Not just taxes, but the North's ability to borrow money it. It just had a better economic foundation for fighting a big warlike that you know the income tax worked. So well during the war, you would think that the US government would want to keep it around I. Mean it's Nice to have extra money when you're actually rebuilding from the carnage and such but once the conflict ended, there was this big argument about whether to keep the. Income tax round or not, and now the income tax hits its second obstacle a legal obstacle. Remember how he said the income tax only hits the rich. Well, the rich did not like it and the rich have lawyers in eighteen ninety, five legal challenge to the income tax reaches the US Supreme Court here's economic historian John Steele Gordon. My great great uncle was one of the lead lawyers in that case and guess which side he was on. The trying to shoot down the income then you've got. Cable. He was a Morgan partner at five years later. The argument John Steele Gordon great great uncle made in court was that the income tax violated little document that we'd like to call the US Constitution here Ariba line to you. It says quote direct taxes shall be apportioned among the states according to their respective numbers. I will translate that for you if the federal government wants to raise money directly from people or property, then it has to divide the tax burden up equally Among the states according to their population. So if a state had ten percent of America's population, it should only have to pay about ten percent of the tax and the income tax wasn't taxing according to population it was taxing according to income. So the question before the Supreme Court is and as is often the case it's something kind of knowingly subtle and hard to follow. The question is, is the income tax eight direct tax. I stayed up late last night reading court documents. This is a huge rabbit hole of complicated things, but it comes down to this if any part of this income tax law passed by Congress, if any of the many taxes embedded inside considered a direct tax, then Congress did it wrong? The law is unconstitutional. That is the question that justices had to decide a very interesting thing happened in the Supreme Court. One justice was ill evacuate dying Justice Jackson from Tennessee who was argued before eight justices and they split four four as to whether or not the income tax was a direct tax and therefore unconstitutional. That's why we have an odd number of justices. He can't have a tire. Exactly. was. A four four time. The court decided that the case was simply too important to be tied, and so they haul justice Jackson out of his deathbed. Now odd number of justices and everybody knew that he was in favor of the income tax because he'd said. So publicly, Z. Really Dying Jesse really died two months later. So the lawyers re argue the case Justice Robert Jackson is. In the final days of his life is a pro income tax guy. So he's going to break the tie in favor of the income tax and the tie was broken case was decided five four. But the crazy thing is it was five four the other way it was a five four decision against the income tax. One of the other justices we don't know who switched his vote. and. So the tax was unconstitutional. No income tax. How do people reacted the time to this little intrigue Oh they've there would be a there was a lot of. In the papers about it, but the Supreme Court was silent as it so often is to what the internal workings we really don't know who who, really don't know who it but somebody's which their vote we just don't know. So there's this weird stretch in the middle of American history where the income tax has been ruled unconstitutional but this didn't in anyway settled the argument I mean, if anything the debate over income tax in America grew more heated. This is the time when a lot of big industrialists are getting filthy rich JP Morgan, Rockefeller Carnegie, and at this exact time, the nation has no income tax, the people who are not JP Morgan or Rockefeller Carnegie in the country. A lot of them feel those guys the rich need to bear more of the burden. So nearly twenty years after the income tax is ruled unconstitutional, we get an amendment to the Constitution the sixteen, th amendment ratified in nineteen thirteen a single sentence which begins the Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes just in time for another war World War One. So the income tax has cleared to hurdles so far logistics check legality check. The income tax needs one more thing to bring it into the modern age. One More L. Word Love the income tax of to this point has been a tax on the rich right everyone else was exempt in fact when they bring the income tax back after the constitutional amendment, less than two percent of the population has to pay. All this changes though with World War Two, the government needs more money and now ordinary folks are asked to pay again Joe Thorndike this is a is a real revolution because for most Americans, they've never had this kind of direct tax paying relationship with the federal government. You know they're paying excise taxes on alcohol tobacco or consumer goods but those things are are usually levied somewhere other than like on the consumer you know they're levied at the manufacturer level for the first time. Americans are sort of confronting the federal government as a tax collector and the middle. Class has never paid this tax before they not sure what to do a whole in nineteen forty-three show that one third to one half of people were unclear what
The rise of Poland's far right has important lessons for Americans
"Of Donald J. Trump. We in the United States have become accustomed to a degree of fabulous. Um I've done more for black Americans than anybody. With the possible exception of Abraham Lincoln, the president, self aggrandizement provides the framework for his alternate reality. We have one of the lowest mortality rate way had 900 Deaths in a single day. You have the numbers place because I heard we had the best mortality number one low mortality, right? We are being given something I can't recall in my lifetime, a choice of realities. One that is mostly regarded as evidence based and one that you might call faith based that faith being in Mr Trump In either case, you have a sizable cohort to back you up. Truth has been displaced in many quarters by rage and fear. Over the past four months, we've had many opportunities to observe the impact of paranoia. When deployed by a fantasist in the White House in Arizona Man died after taking Clara Quien, his wife said that they heard about it from Trump's briefings. Are you gonna allow the government to tell you you have to wear a mask? Some believe these mask orders go against their freedoms will protect. All right, I will know asked me and I will not pay for antibiotics. Conspiracies of Sena numbers swell on Facebook and doctors warn, if left unchecked, they could undermine an effective vaccine. The death toll from the Corona virus pandemic has surpassed 150,000 in the United States. That's the highest number of fatalities in any nation by far. And accounts for nearly 1/4 of the recorded global. Told immediately after the 2016 election, I spoke with New York ER writer Masha Gessen, who, after having lived long under Vladimir Putin had some advice for anxious Americans trying to navigate the so called new normal. She explained that for the would be authoritarian, the lying is the point that the ability to create a reality flagrantly staring down conspicuous fact. Is a crucial component of building and sustaining power. And last fall boxes, David Roberts noted bluntly, where such a strategy left unchecked, could lead this sort of cultish, increasingly authoritarian movement takes over the country. In Russia and Turkey and Poland. Right's a disturbingly longer and longer list. We see countries that we thought were democracies devolve into this. In the U. S. So much has happened in the last few years that we thought would never happen. I think we should really loosen up our imaginations as to what can happen when a movement that is convinced that everything it knows and loves is in danger of falling apart movements that's thinking like that unconnected anymore to fax or reality. And got its hands on the power of the federal government is the basic recipe for democracy is falling apart. And so last fall on, the media producer Leia Feder reported on one of those places Poland, a young democracy teetering on unstable ground and where it's far right Nationalist government is intent on rewriting the nation's painful history. For almost a decade, Poland has been in the grip of a conspiracy theory what really happened when a plane crashed in a forest in western Russia, killing Poland's president and dozens of other government officials. The plane had been on route to commemorate another Polish tragedy, a massacre that had occurred in the very same location in 1940. 1973 documentary explored the mystery While the German army is advancing from the West, the Soviets crossed Poland's eastern front court in a method of Polish army collapsed, Um, surrendered. The victors, divided the country down the middle and imprisoned every soldier they captured. Russia took a 215,000 Poland officer Corps were never seen alive again. Many. What die near Smolensk, in a forest called catching after decades of opacity and suspicion on investigation in the early nineties, confirmed finally, that it was not Hitler. But Stalin, who had ordered the massacre. And so when, on April 10th 2010 a delegation of 96 Polish politicians and officials traveled from Warsaw to Smolensk. It was in service of remembrance and reconciliation. But what happened instead compounded the national pain. Poland's prime minister burst into tears when he heard the news today that his country's president was killed in a plane crash pilot tried to land in a thick fog at least twice missing the runway. And ignoring the control tower's direction to divert to another city. Not just losing the president of that country. The first lady, the ahead of the army chief of staff, the National Security Office head deputy Parliament speaker, the deputy foreign minister. It was a devastating national tragedy. What's more, the symbolic layering was undeniable. Ah, longstanding tragedy finally solved and a new one appears in its place. And yet, in the immediate moments and days after the crash, there was a kind of common shock. An Applebaum is a journalist and academic beast in Warsaw At the time of the 2010 crash, her husband was minister of foreign affairs in the Polish government, and there was pretty straightforward reporting. About what had happened. What was immediately clear There were people on the ground who saw the crash. So there was a kind of concensus initially about what had happened that it was a terrible Accident and that you know many people of value to the nation had died. But the story started to shift is the investigation into the crash proceeded. Investigators say pilot error was mostly to blame. It became clear that one of the causes of the crash was the fact that the pilots were under pressure to land. The president's delegation had arrived late for the plane. They were running behind schedule as they got closer to smell lens, which was even really an airport. It was a kind of airstrip in the forest. They began to be worried about the fog and the pilots weren't sure they could make the narrow landing. But according to black box recordings, Polish President Lech Kaczynski, head of the opposition party directed the pilots to do it was meant to be the launch of his reelection campaign. So there were cameras there which he knew, and he was very anxious to go under pressure, the pilots tried to make the landing. Instead, they hit a tree, killing all 96 people on board. The president's twin brother, the head of the nationalist right political party in Poland, same parties, the president He didn't like this story. It made the president look bad, more to the point. This is a terrible crash very near to a place where a Nurlita generation of poles were murdered by the Soviet state. Because of that eeriness. People immediately began to speculate that there was actually a different, deeper story that perhaps the Russians caused the crash. Perhaps there was a bomb on the plane. And conspiracy theories began to proliferate online. The president's brother, Nijinsky began openly alluding to them. Kaczynskis Law and Justice Party made unraveling the Smolensk conspiracy. It's key campaign promise once you had bought into their idea that there is a secret conspiracy, possibly involving the Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk. Possibly involving the Russians, and that lots of people high up in the state were implicated in some great big secret plot to kill the president. If you believe that Then you can believe a lot of other things. The point was to get people to believe in a kind of alternative reality to doubt institutions to doubt that the government was telling them the truth, and that was absolutely an attempt to help win an election, But it did more than carve out a new electorate. It created new divides in Polish society. Where one's Polish politics were split between Communists and anti communists around economic policy. Now it was over a vision of history. It was how you see Poland's place in the world. And whether you think secret dark forces air trying to undermine your country and whether you know you need to elect a government of Patriots in order to make sure that doesn't happen. Where you fell on that dividing line affected how you would vote and how you would understand politics for the next several years, And so when line justice one in 2015 it spawned a new kind of power a power based on the willingness to embrace the myth. They fired large numbers of Polish civil servants. Polish members of the foreign service. All kinds of people who work for the government also leaders and board members of state companies and they replaced all of them with people whom they were sure we're loyal. And one element of the loyalty test was belief in this Molinski myth. Smolinski conspiracy implied that there were dark, mysterious forces continuing to try to manipulate and undermine the Polish nation. It also drawn the larger story of a Poland continually attacked by outsiders and the valiant Polish resistance to threats past and present line Justice Road that narrative electoral victory. And then wrote its electoral victory to further consolidation of that narrative in service of Polish nationalism.
The rise of Poland's far right has important lessons for Americans
"Election of Donald J. Trump. We in the United States have become accustomed to a degree of fabulous. Um I've done more for black Americans than anybody. With the possible exception of Abraham Lincoln, the president, self aggrandizement provides the framework for his alternate reality. We have one of the lowest mortality rate way had 900 Deaths in a single day. You have the numbers place because I heard we had the best mortality number one low mortality, right? We are being given something I can't recall in my lifetime, a choice of realities. One that is mostly regarded as evidence based and one that you might call faith based that faith being in Mr Trump In either case, you have a sizable cohort to back you up. Truth has been displaced in many quarters by rage and fear. Over the past four months, we've had many opportunities to observe the impact of paranoia. When deployed by a fantasist in the White House in Arizona Man died after taking Clara Quien, his wife said that they heard about it from Trump's briefings. Are you gonna allow the government to tell you you have to wear a mask? Some believe these mask orders go against their freedoms will protect. All right, I will know asked me and I will not pay for antibiotics. Conspiracies of Sena numbers swell on Facebook and doctors warn, if left unchecked, they could undermine an effective vaccine. The death toll from the Corona virus pandemic has surpassed 150,000 in the United States. That's the highest number of fatalities in any nation by far. And accounts for nearly 1/4 of the recorded global. Told immediately after the 2016 election, I spoke with New York ER writer Masha Gessen, who, after having lived long under Vladimir Putin had some advice for anxious Americans trying to navigate the so called new normal. She explained that for the would be authoritarian, the lying is the point that the ability to create a reality flagrantly staring down conspicuous fact. Is a crucial component of building and sustaining power. And last fall boxes, David Roberts noted bluntly, where such a strategy left unchecked, could lead this sort of cultish, increasingly authoritarian movement takes over the country. In Russia and Turkey and Poland. Right's a disturbingly longer and longer list. We see countries that we thought were democracies devolve into this. In the U. S. So much has happened in the last few years that we thought would never happen. I think we should really loosen up our imaginations as to what can happen when a movement that is convinced that everything it knows and loves is in danger of falling apart movements that's thinking like that unconnected anymore to fax or reality. And got its hands on the power of the federal government is the basic recipe for democracy is falling apart. And so last fall on, the media producer Leia Feder reported on one of those places Poland, a young democracy teetering on unstable ground and where it's far right Nationalist government is intent on rewriting the nation's painful history. For almost a decade, Poland has been in the grip of a conspiracy theory what really happened when a plane crashed in a forest in western Russia, killing Poland's president and dozens of other government officials. The plane had been on route to commemorate another Polish tragedy, a massacre that had occurred in the very same location in 1940. 1973 documentary explored the mystery While the German army is advancing from the West, the Soviets crossed Poland's eastern front court in a method of Polish army collapsed, Um, surrendered. The victors, divided the country down the middle and imprisoned every soldier they captured. Russia took a 215,000 Poland officer Corps were never seen alive again. Many. What die near Smolensk, in a forest called catching after decades of opacity and suspicion on investigation in the early nineties, confirmed finally, that it was not Hitler. But Stalin, who had ordered the massacre. And so when, on April 10th 2010 a delegation of 96 Polish politicians and officials traveled from Warsaw to Smolensk. It was in service of remembrance and reconciliation. But what happened instead compounded the national pain. Poland's prime minister burst into tears when he heard the news today that his country's president was killed in a plane crash pilot tried to land in a thick fog at least twice missing the runway. And ignoring the control tower's direction to divert to another city. Not just losing the president of that country. The first lady, the ahead of the army chief of staff, the National Security Office head deputy Parliament speaker, the deputy foreign minister. It was a devastating national tragedy. What's more, the symbolic layering was undeniable. Ah, longstanding tragedy finally solved and a new one appears in its place. And yet, in the immediate moments and days after the crash, there was a kind of common shock. An Applebaum is a journalist and academic beast in Warsaw At the time of the 2010 crash, her husband was minister of foreign affairs in the Polish government, and there was pretty straightforward reporting. About what had happened. What was immediately clear There were people on the ground who saw the crash. So there was a kind of concensus initially about what had happened that it was a terrible Accident and that you know many people of value to the nation had died. But the story started to shift is the investigation into the crash proceeded. Investigators say pilot error was mostly to blame. It became clear that one of the causes of the crash was the fact that the pilots were under pressure to land. The president's delegation had arrived late for the plane. They were running behind schedule as they got closer to smell lens, which was even really an airport. It was a kind of airstrip in the forest. They began to be worried about the fog and the pilots weren't sure they could make the narrow landing. But according to black box recordings, Polish President Lech Kaczynski, head of the opposition party directed the pilots to do it was meant to be the launch of his reelection campaign. So there were cameras there which he knew, and he was very anxious to go under pressure, the pilots tried to make the landing. Instead, they hit a tree, killing all 96 people on board. The president's twin brother, the head of the nationalist right political party in Poland, same parties, the president He didn't like this story. It made the president look bad, more to the point. This is a terrible crash very near to a place where a Nurlita generation of poles were murdered by the Soviet state. Because of that eeriness. People immediately began to speculate that there was actually a different, deeper story that perhaps the Russians caused the crash. Perhaps there was a bomb on the plane. And conspiracy theories began to proliferate online. The president's brother, Nijinsky began openly alluding to them. Kaczynskis Law and Justice Party made unraveling the Smolensk conspiracy. It's key campaign promise once you had bought into their idea that there is a secret conspiracy, possibly involving the Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk. Possibly involving the Russians, and that lots of people high up in the state were implicated in some great big secret plot to kill the president. If you believe that Then you can believe a lot of other things. The point was to get people to believe in a kind of alternative reality to doubt institutions to doubt that the government was telling them the truth, and that was absolutely an attempt to help win an election, But it did more than carve out a new electorate. It created new divides in Polish society. Where one's Polish politics were split between Communists and anti communists around economic policy. Now it was over a vision of history. It was how you see Poland's place in the world. And whether you think secret dark forces air trying to undermine your country and whether you know you need to elect a government of Patriots in order to make sure that doesn't happen. Where you fell on that dividing line affected how you would vote and how you would understand politics for the next several years, And so when line justice one in 2015 it spawned a new kind of power a power based on the willingness to embrace the myth. They fired large numbers of Polish civil servants. Polish members of the foreign service. All kinds of people who work for the government also leaders and board members of state companies and they replaced all of them with people whom they were sure we're loyal. And one element of the loyalty test was belief in this Molinski myth. Smolinski conspiracy implied that there were dark, mysterious forces continuing to try to manipulate and undermine the Polish nation. It also drawn the larger story of a Poland continually attacked by outsiders and the valiant Polish resistance to threats past and present line Justice Road that narrative electoral victory. And then wrote its electoral victory to further consolidation of that narrative in service of Polish nationalism.
Our Season Finale Starring the Founders of She Podcasts and Skyes husband Don
"Hello and welcome to inside podcasting the show in which creators discussed their craft. I'm your host. Sky. Pillsbury. This is a post show episode, but we're doing things just a little differently today I all chat with Elsie Escobar and Jessica Kupperman about last week's interview with sixteen nineteen producers, a Diese Egan and Anti Brown Jessica and Elsie our the founders of she podcasts a community that helps women and non binary podcasters through every step of their podcast journey. The pair met online years ago and joined forces to create a free facebook group that now has over seventeen thousand members. Jessica Elsie also hosts a really fun podcast called she podcasts in which they talk about all things podcasts, and they are the founders of she podcast live an in person conference I attended their inaugural event last year and it was wonderful. Their next event is scheduled for next. October. that's October of twenty twenty. One For the second half of our show due to popular demand I am bringing back my husband. We will take a look back at the season. I hope you enjoy today's conversations and I'll be back at the end to wrap things up. I am thrilled today to have with me, Elsie Escobar and Jessica Cup for men who are the founders of she podcasts. They are also the women I consider to be my podcast Mama's. Even. Though I am almost one hundred percent sure that I'm over than them both. So with that welcome Jessica and Elsie, I'm so happy to have you here. Think. You yes. All right guys you are my guest hosts and I'm your subject and I'm ready for you go. Just you have the questions I will chip in. Okay. There are so many shows and episodes right now in podcasting about race and racial relations. So why did sixteen nineteen speak to you specifically? Honestly it made me feel angry that I had not Known so much of what was talked about in this podcast. Hadn't learned any of it in school and I went to a very good public school and yet I felt like everything I was hearing felt new to me obviously I knew basic facts about Abraham Lincoln and the civil war and things like that. But I did not understand any of the nuance and I certainly did not understand how happened what felt like so long ago right it did sorta feel to me like ancient history did not understand how connected it was to our current world. For example, healthcare I had no idea that I mean our healthcare's. Louis it was mind blowing like the fact that we have the worst healthcare system of any developed nation and the fact that that can be traced. So clearly back to the fact that we did not want to allow black enslaved people or even black UNIN slaved people to have equal healthcare. You know the fact that we can trace that back is. Rushing and tragic, and it's tragic for all of us you know and those kinds of realizations just felt so jarring and I had a real emotional reaction to listening to the podcast both because I just felt so much more empathetic to people who are living the black experience in the US but also it was also emotional because I felt cheated of that knowledge and so the reason why I wanted to talk to the people and I still feel so incredibly fortunate that I was able to get them on the show and bring shine. Any kind of light on that for other people was incredibly rewarding and that's why I wanted to have him on on the show they. It's funny. I've thought about this like they talk in the episode about how they want to lift up Nicole's work and I felt that in talking to them, I was hoping to lift up their work and Nicole's work. You know sort of getting even more Meta here but just wanting people to recognize and see this podcast and maybe have the same kind of transformative experience listening to it that I did.
Brooks Brothers files for bankruptcy
"You having a bad day. Every retailer in America. Absolutely. Tell me more. Let's talk about the list of bankruptcies. Since the last time you and I talked I Lucky Jeans G Star Rob Off Though Brooks Brothers chapter eleven. This was not a surprise. They have been struggling for a little while now, but I wanted to delve into this company just a little bit because it's an American brand. We have very few brands that are made in the USA. Have such a big heritage. They are two hundred and two years old for our country. That's pretty big deal. Nothing lasts for two hundred two years. Right that's almost as old as the Dang country. They filed for chapter eleven with plans to permanently close fifty one stores. There are a number of companies that are interested in possibly buying the company including Simon Property Group, Simon Property Group is interested. They are the company that owns all those malls. And the crazy thing about this is they just sued brooks brothers a few weeks ago and then dropped the suit for not paying the rent for not paying their rent. They took him to court for almost nine million dollars in unpaid rent, and then they dropped it and I'm guessing. They dropped it because they realized that this was about. Come around the corner, right? They have been slowly closing stores over the past two years and two thousand eighteen. They had nearly seven hundred stores globally now they have five hundred. They're saying of course because PAT stomach, but the truth is pants off changed over the past few years. Literal Pants think of all those Khakis who's wearing them anymore like the static for what you wear to work has changed really in the past decade, and they have stayed the same brand, which in many ways as good because they have a visual heritage and history. Eh, with apparel. They dressed Abraham Lincoln. They've dressed many many presidents. They also have. A history that I was just made aware of this week. I don't know if you know about this. Lisa but I did some research because I got a tip from friends that Brooks Brothers has a complicated history with slavery. This is not something that they talk about so there's not a lot of information out there on it, but I did find an article from Smithsonian magazine that said quote Brooks Brothers was the top of the line slave clothing slave traders would issue new clothes for people. They had to sell, but they were usually cheaper. Ooh, that is complex. I did not know this part of their at all. Do they ever like apologize for that? They don't talk about it. Because if you don't talk about, it never happened right. Wow, but they made the clothes said. They've made their clothes in the United States, but this past May. They started shutting down some of their factories, their factories New, York north, Carolina and Massachusetts were all starting to slowly closed down so. People knew that they were going to maybe off. Start off shoring some of their apparel, but it was in limbo. What was going on with the company and they really weren't saying anything yet, but the writing was on the wall less than an hour ago. Bloomberg reported that authentic brands group put a bid in for the company. Authentic brands. Group owns a bunch of brands including barneys. New York forever twenty one fredericks of Hollywood nine West Jones New York, juicy couture and sports illustrated. That's all over the
Where Did the Phrase 'Grandfathered In' Come From?
"Across the globe, language and history are inevitably intertwined. Linguistic origins are borrowed and transformed and a society changes, new words or phrases are created to reflect the current cultural understanding some phrases and words simply morph into accepted usage their origins, forgotten or conveniently misplaced one such phrase grandfathered in has become common shorthand to mean that someone is exempt from following new rules or regulations, although it may evoke the image of a gray haired gentlemen, let off the hook because of his age. The term rose from something far less innocent. A deeper look into the first use of the phrase reveals the political racial climate in the United States during the late. Late Nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a personal business is considered to be grandfathered in when they're exempt from new rules and can continue to operate under the existing set of regulations. New Rules will then only apply to future cases today the term is widely used across various sectors most notably in real estate and health insurance. But when the term was first coined in eighteen nineties, it referred to only one thing voting rights. After the Fifteenth Amendment was ratified the US Constitution in seventy, thus banning the infringement on citizens right to vote on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude, some southern states did not readily accept the ruling. Instead they carefully crafted amendments on the state level that circumvented the federal decree in an attempt to prevent black Americans from using party stations since the basis of race could no longer be used the state amendments imposed things like poll, taxes and literacy tests, these limits were powerful close to thirty percent of all voting age. Men were literate, a majority of whom were poor black men. But those taxes and tests would also affect poor illiterate white voters, thus a grandfather clause was added to allow an illiterate man to vote as long as he or his lineal ancestor that is his grandfather had been a registered voter before eighteen, sixty seven, which was three years before the passage of the fifteenth amendment. The clauses suppressed the vote along racial lines, but party lines were at play to at the time. Most Black Americans were Republicans. The Party of Abraham Lincoln, which then favourite expensive government, funded programs and most whites for Democrats. The Democratic Party then favored curbing expansion of government power. Suppressing, the vote served to keep power in the hands of the Democrats, the Party's wound up switching their big government versus small government ideologies of next sixty years, or so leading to the stances. We see today, but that's a different episode. In Nineteen Fifteen, the state amendments and clauses were ruled nationally unconstitutional, but the poll taxes weren't eliminated nationally until the adoption of the twenty fourth amendment in nineteen, sixty four, and on the state level in nineteen, sixty six with the Supreme Court's decision in Harper versus the Virginia Board of elections. That decades of continued voter suppression the phrase grandfathered in is used today without the connotation of disenfranchisement, but even as culture shifts whether we're aware of it or not. Language pulled the power of our history, positive and negative.
5 millionth visitor honored at Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum
"Love love of of dogs dogs has has brought brought her her to to Central Central Illinois. Illinois. She She got got a a big big surprise surprise when when she she stopped stopped by by the the Lincoln Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield Regina Pageant. Drove from Orlando, Florida to pick up a sheet to in nearby Taylor Ville. Now she's the five million visitor at the museum pageant. Who's black, says her nephews and niece around this road trip with the climate as it is I thought it was befitting the opportunity for us to come and just show them. And have them to be educated about Abraham Lincoln was and what he did for our people took 16 years to get to visit her number five million. Abraham
New York City-based Brooks Brothers to see how bankruptcy suits it
"Filed for the legal protections of Chapter 11 of the U. S bankruptcy code this morning. Lockdowns and working from home obviously had not been great for the menswear industry. But Corona virus isn't the only thing Brooks Brothers has been dealing with of late. It's go to offering the business suit has been going out of style for years now. Oregon police Justin Ho has more on the rise and the fall of the men's uniform of the business World. Brooks Brothers opened its first store in lower Manhattan in 18 18 when the U. S was made up of 20 states. Future customer Abraham Lincoln was only nine years old when the suit as we know it today started becoming popular in the late 19th century Brooks brothers cashed in. They were right there at the heart of finance at the heart of politics, Really when America was getting it starts? Susan's graffiti is the founder of the Fashion Law Institute at Fordham Law School, she says Brooks Brothers really popularize suits that were ready to wear off the rack that helped that suits fit more people. That's confetti says it also made the suit and the high status that represented more accessible. Everybody had tohave Brooks Brothers suit if you're going to be and they'll class or upper middle class or even another class business person. Graffiti says. By the middle of the 20th century. The suit also became a symbol of corporate conformity. Think mad men. But in the 19 nineties, casual Fridays had become a thing. Then Silicon Valley. Okay hoodies and sneakers and casual became mainstream. Justin Shack, managing director at Rosenblatt Security's on Wall Street, remembers the suit and tie days. I used to own Brooks Brothers suits back when I'm starting my career, and I can't remember the last time I did. Since 2014 the market for men's suits has shrunk by 11% according to the research from Euromonitor and menswear has changed with the Times can get in Cohen's Rothman's menswear store based in New York, he says his biggest seller these days is there. So we saw a lot of genes. We sell a lot of sport codes with Gidon says the suit isn't dead. But the suits he sells tend to be fashionable suits meant for special events. It's not really classic work where that's not what the young guys looking for a suit. The Koven 19 pandemic has only made things worse for the suit. Industry is people work from home in stars have closed. His Brooks Brothers files for bankruptcy. It says it's seeking a buyer for the grant. I'm
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Dog Tales
"Now back to the story. Abraham Lincoln and his dog Fido were inseparable in Springfield Illinois. fido followed Abe everywhere to the barber. Diller Soda Fountain and the Post Office. But when Abe won the presidency and sixty, he and his family had to go to the one place. FIDO couldn't the white. House Abe had to give year olds finding away even though it broke his heart. He didn't want to say goodbye to his beloved pet. Didn't feel like he had a choice. It would be cruel to bring the canine to the Hustle and bustle of Washington DC. It was haunt for eight to tell his sons. That final wouldn't be a member of the Family Anymore William Tad and Robert cried and begged their father to change his mind. But. Ab held firm. It was for the best, but he could be choosy about where finder would go. Abe wanted to make sure his beloved dog was well taken care of in his absence, and as he considered the local Springfield residents one family sprang to mind the roles. Abe remembered how well Franken John Role had played with Fido when their father helped with household repairs, and since the boys were close in age to year, seven-year-old Tad and ten year old William. Figured transition would be easier for find out. When Abe suggested the proposition to John Role, he readily agreed to take the dog in. A few stipulations before he'd hand Fido. A few rules that John had to agree to I. John couldn't scold FIDO. If jumped up with muddy paws, the dog was just showing his love, and should never be shamed for that second FIDO had to be allowed to go in and out, as he pleased, he had to be promptly, let into the house whenever he scratched at the door, and he should be free to roam the town otherwise he could be tied up in the yard if John Needed to keep him out of the way, but he should never be left alone, and of course FIDO had to be served the best food from the dinner table. It was lot to take in the John. Get the the president of the United. States knew what was best. He agreed to all the rules and got ready to welcome Fido into his new home. Meanwhile the Lincoln's made the most of their final days with their dog, they played with him and spoiled him and gave him endless battles rubs, but they also had to plan for the upcoming move. Abe sold all their furniture since there was no easy way to transport it across the country. But he kept one item. The specially made extra-long couch that the dog loved to lie on. He gave it to the roles so fido could have a familiar place to nap once the house was emptied out, the bags were packed and the train tickets were bought. Abe had just one loss Chore One morning in early February. He woke up early and Fed Fido his breakfast. While, the dog chow down on Bacon and eggs. He might have heard his onus sniffle also him wipe his is. Abe was crying. Off to it. They went on they morning walk, but instead of stopping at Dillard's Soda Shop or the Babas Abe strode to the roles home by the front door. He scratched FIDO's. He is and reminded him that he had to be a good dog. He was going to have a long happy life with the roles. But he'd always occupy a piece of apes heart as well after all. They've been friends for nearly six years and no matter the distance between them. Nothing would change that. Then John Role opened the front door and called FIDO over. The. Old yeller dog was confused. He didn't want to leave his master's side. But role kept whistling. And Abe encouraged him to run up the porch. Finally. He edged into the unfamiliar. Role petted, FIDO and Crouch said the dog could. Kiss is cheeks. He had some delicious food ready and the sons were eager to play. FIDO wagged his tail is the door swung shut behind him? He didn't realize he'd never see Abraham Lincoln again. But. Abe never forgot about FIDO. The dog had changed his life. Once they settled into the White, house, his family adopted a new pooch. A small lapdog named Jip. became infamous among Abe, saw for his constant, incessant barking, but during ram moments of peace and quiet. AIDS mind drifted to sweet old FIDO. John Role knew that Abe had to miss his dog, and he did his best to keep the president in the loop about his life, so did the other springfield. Residents in eighteen sixty three apes old Baba, wrote to Maleta, that said tell tatty that his and Willie's dog is alive and kicking. Doing well is he stays mostly Johnnie roles with the boys. Abe received the letter. During a particularly trying time, the country had descended into the civil war on top of that his son. William had tragically died of typhoid fever a few weeks prior more than ever EB missed. Fido the dog had always known when to curl up in his lap, and lay his head against AIDS chest, but the updates about his well-being might have provided some small comfort instead. As for the seven year old Fido, he become famous scores of people wanted to learn everything they could about the president of the United States, but few could afford to travel all the way to the East Coast and visit the White House themselves even if they did, Abe was much too busy to meet with all his well wishes so mid Western tourists poured into Springfield instead. The streets screw packed with out of towners. All sporting matching Monday poor marks on their clothes. The roles true to their word, let fighter wonder where he pleased without a leash, he was a frequent fixture at dillas, the barbershop, the post office, and he always drew a crowd. All the locals knew he belonged to the president. Some people were confused. Abraham Lincoln had a pet dog, not working dog, not a guard, dog or Afam Dog, just an ordinary pet. That didn't do anything. Many thoughts. It was a delightful idea. Pet dogs started can't shown on. And even though he never set pull in the white, house, Fido became known as the nation's first first dog. The United States was divided against itself in a vicious civil war, but everybody could agree that they loved Fido. Unfortunately Abe wasn't so universally beloved. He led the northern. Union states to victory in the war, but that only angered the southern confederates. After four years in office, he won his reelection campaign in late, eighteen, sixty, four, which frustrated his critics even more. A retired actor and confederate spy named John Wilkes booth decided to take matters into his own hands. On April fourteenth, eighteen, sixty five booth snuck into fourth theater while Abe was watching a play. Abe was too engrossed in the show to hear the door to his personal box creek open. While the President Sat, unaware booth aimed his gun. He fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln..
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Dog Tales
"Stroll down the street, hosts drawn carriages clattered over cobblestones, and women lifted their hoop skirts to step over slushy piles of snow, but nothing could distract the golden head dog from his beloved Master Five Year Fido, and his owner followed their usual, often routine I. The man go to Shave and a haircut. While FIDO napped on the street outside the barbershop. Then they strolled to the post. Post Office the man collected his mail, and gave fido package of letters to carry joyfully. The dog clamped his teeth twine bound envelopes. He loved to feel helpful. During the war up Jackson Street to his home, Fido paused several times while people greeted STA fighting knew a lot of English words like Fetch Rollover and sit, but he didn't know what to make of phrases like congratulations, Mr President or hail to the chief. FIDO probably didn't even know his master's name. He recognized the man's kindness and affection is always picked up. When he heard his booming, but gentle voice, he wagged his tail when he saw his humans toll, slim figure exaggerated by his trademark stovepipe hat, but fighter didn't care that he belonged to one of the most famous. US presidents, the great emancipator far as he was concerned Abraham. Lincoln was simply a beloved friend years before he changed the world. Abe Changed Fido's life..
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Upon this day of celebration allow me to underscore the importance of harmony. Which I look look forward to experiencing with malice to non and peace to all peace that includes a new chapter in our country? Treat one in which all men are free. This was the ultimate vision of our founding fathers. A land of promise to to all those who are colored may also enjoy the opportunity to work for a fair wage and receive an education. Now by God I'll put him through. Let this be the less speech he ever makes. Unfortunately the young crazed man in the crowd that day John Wilkes booth made certain to see his promise. Come to pass booth was a well known actor and confederate spy from Maryland though he never ever joined the confederate army he had contacts with the confederate secret service booth and his own brother bickered bitterly over John's zealous rhetoric to the point. Where they eventually we stopped speaking? I do not understand what you take such human issue with him. John and I cannot see how you do. Not here's a man tasked with the heaviest burdens decent by all accounts decent. That man's appearance his pedigree is course low jokes and anecdotes his vulgar assemblies in his policy or a disgrace grace to the seat. He holds the anger. Watch boy within you as you go on and on about him is only a poisoned to yourself. An unjustified end of various one doc. He's made a hammer of the north wing to crush out slavery. Calm Yourself John. Perhaps it is time for you to go. You do not see what must be brother. Abraham Lincoln can no longer be tolerated in eighteen sixty four booth formulated a plan plan very similar to one of Thomas Conrad previously authorized by the Confederacy. I might add on. The plan was to kidnap Lincoln in exchange for the release of confederate. MM federal prisoners but once booth heard him speak at the White House he redirected his plans and became obsessed with killing the president on April fourteenth and while grabbing his mail at four Deiter booth learned Lincoln would be attending a play there that evening booth gathered a crew of Co conspirators barometers. Their goal was to assassinate Secretary of State seward Vice President Johnson and President Lincoln and their political aim was to to cut off the head of the union government. Turn the country into chaos and give the confederate army a chance to reorganize and gain power. And it's two thousand in five analysis of Lincoln's assassination. Thomas Goodrich writes all the elements and booths. Nature came together at once his hatred of tyranny. His love all of Liberty is passion for the stage is sense of drama and is lifelong quest to become immortal. Lincoln had premonitions of his impending death breath telling his good friend and biographer Ward Hill. Amman I had a dream about ten days ago ward there seemed to be a death like stillness about me. Then I heard the subdued sobs as if a number of people were weeping. I wanted downstairs. I went went from room to room hearing the weepy. I kept on until I arrived at the one which rested a corpse wrapped in Futaba investments. Around it were stationed soldiers who were acting as guards who is dead in the White House. I demanded of one of the soldiers. The president puts his head Sir he was killed. By necess- Lincoln had three other dreams like this and shared them with his bodyguard. William H Crook. Who became gravely worried? Lincoln was seeing his future on Good Friday April fourteenth. Eighteen sixty five Lincoln decided to attend a play at Ford's theatre theater. I implore you not to attend. Tonight's performance Mr President. I feel ill about it and I cannot be by your side this evening. I promise Mary we would attend my dual roles as commander in chief and husband often stretched me in opposing directions. Tonight it shall be the direction of Herp Lisi. You are far more decent than most. I have known Sir Nonsense Crook we all hail from the same design. I'm no better than the next. Well the hour is upon me. Goodbye William Crooke later recalled. It was the first time that he neglected to say good night to me. It was the only time that he ever never said goodbye. Lincoln attended to play with Mary. Major Henry Rathbone and his fiancee Clara. John Wilkes booth waited for Lincoln to take his seat in the presidential box than in a cruel twist of events. Lincoln stand in bodyguard left to drink at a saloon. During the intermission he was late. Returning booth size opportunity. He snuck up to the boxes because he was a regular performer. At the Ford Theatre workers there gave his comings and goings as little thought at ten. Fifteen booth shot the president point blank in the head with a forty four caliber. Single Shot Derringer. rathbone immediately jumped at booth but booth staffed and booth then leapt down onto the stage and some heard him say six separate around tennis. I have done it. Self is avenged. Six semper tyrannus means thus to all tyrants in reference to Brutus who assassinated Julius Caesar it is also the motto on Virginia State Flag when booth leapt on stage. Some of the audience thought it was part of the performance Monte Young Doctrine. The audience heard Mary Mary. Todd scream in rushed up to the presidential suite. He found Lincoln slumped in his chair paralyzed and barely breathing. President Lincoln was whisked away to a house across the street from the theater where he slipped into a coma the following morning seven twenty two on April. Fifteen Abraham Lincoln tied tide. Edward Curtis an army surgeon in attendance. Recounted that a bullet clattered into a basin during the doctor's removal of it from Lincoln's brain. But the team stopped and stared at it. Curtis said this bullet the cause of such mighty changes in the world's history as we may perhaps never realize Abraham Lincoln ultimately succeeded in keeping the United States of America. Together as one and catalyzing idolizing the end of the eroneous and horrific chapter of slavery in our country the burdens and losses throughout the course of his life. We're heavy the times almost unbearable but nevertheless he persevered keep in your mind and heart the next time you feel failure or giving up one of the greatest greatest presidents of our country just like you and chose to keep going in doing so. He paved the ultimate step of progress for the United States of America half and carved out his own destiny. So what is your destiny. You can only find out if you persevere.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Abraham where in the Lord's name Abraham you look in. Are You well. No I'm not Mary. I cannot cannot stand. Continue this path with you. I cannot marry you I am. Ill prepared in unfit for this role but this duty required of me very dear believe me. There's a shadow on my heart. Get Out Linkin at age. Thirty three an ancient bachelor by the standard of those times called old off the engagement. Not Quite Ready For Holy Matrimony. After Lincoln ran from the prospect of marriage he fell into deep case of the hypo writing in a letter. Are I am now the most miserable man living. If what I feel we're equally distributed to the whole human family. They would not be one cheerful face on earth but he and Mary later reconnected. At a social event after what many described as a tumultuous courtship the two eventually married on November fourth eighteen. Forty two you. As Lincoln was preparing nuptials. A friend asked where he was headed to. Hell I suppose was Lincoln's response. They had a dynamic and colorful full relationship on the one hand she was trusted adviser to him and continually support his political ambitions on the other hand their personalities and way of life clashed lashed he cared little about his entire image was everything to her. He was calm got along with everyone. She was quick tempered and coralled with just about everybody from how staff to his friends and even political advisors Lincoln and Mary had four children. All Boys. Only the oldest Robert lived into adulthood. He later served in Republican administrations. Little Edie died of a long illness when he was only three years old Springfield Illinois before Lincoln left for the White House. US William Thomas Three years apart and mischievous little codgers. According to their father both moved into the White House with Marian Lincoln the boys. I've had friends over and owned many pets including ponies and goats the goats will even pull carts inside the White House. Lincoln was known for Being an affectionate father carrying the boys on his shoulders so they could touch the rafters in the White House however he was often gone and therefore unavailable to the boys leaving leaving Mary much of the child rearing when they were permissive. Parents Allowing William Thomas or Tad short for tadpole to run wild in the White House but feisty I e boys brought cheer to an often damper mood due to the war yet. Tragedy hit the Lincoln family once again when Willie came down with a fever most most likely typhoid who died when he was only eleven years. Old Lincoln mourned and Willie's room for two days and refused any correspondence for another four days. As Mary was inconsolable holding seances in the White House and attempt to connect with her dead son Mary. Todd's mental and emotional stability eventually eventually deteriorated especially when tad passed at eighteen years old six years after Lincoln's assassination. We'll return to our story in just a moment. And now back to the life of Abraham Lincoln in referring to Lincoln's family and marriage to marry. It is worth noting a controversial question. There is a contentious debate among historians and scholars over Lincoln in sexuality. Meaning was Abraham Lincoln Gay some claim he wrote love letters to his roommate and lifelong best friend. Joshua the speed others contend beyond this that he was indeed homosexual and continued to sleep with men throughout his presidency but several historians point to the fact that he was a staple staple at certain brothels before he was married although he did share a bed with Joshua that was a common practice in those days without many hotels traveling men often shared the bed with two or three other men. Also close friendships between men were more common and society permitted more emotional intimacy than what is thought of as normal for today and as I mentioned earlier after Lincoln broke off his first engagement to Mary. Todd he fell into a depression and the following year Joshua became engaged. Gauged to Fanny Henning. Then it was Joshua who was overwhelmed by depression both men it seems were paralyzed with fear at the thought of intimacy with the woman Lincoln wrote a letter to his good friend. Consoling him when this show reach you. You will have been fanny's husband several days. You Know My desire to befriend and you is everlasting. That will never cease while I know how to do anything and she will always hereafter be on grounds that I have never occupied and consequently if advice for needed I might advise wrong. I would desire you. Give my particular respect to fanny but perhaps you will not wish to know you have received this less. She should desire to see it. ps I have not been quite a man ever since he left despite the nature nature of their friendship in either capacity the two companions didn't always see eye to eye deep within the very soil of our land that all men have certain unalienable cleanable rights is that not the sacred ground we so defended against the tyrants Britain a land of freedom for the White Man Abraham for all all men Joshua every man deserves the opportunity to rise in the morning without shackles around his neck so that he might indeed rise to his own greatest. Data's potential. Your politics are blasphemous. You are no longer the humble man who came to me in need near a score ago I am him he he is i. We are one of the same. Can One not expand his views yet still remained rooted in itself. The whigs have expanded you into who an arrogant and irrational food lay. They have opened my eyes. Then I no longer know you wide eyed friend. Perhaps this is our a final parting. Goodbye Abraham Joshua Joshua don't be foolish despite their differences Lincoln and speed remained close friends until his death and Lincoln's ability to articulate his side without alienating knitting those against him proved to be a great strength in his career as a lawyer and politician while serving in the Illinois state legislature. Lincoln taught himself. Mm Self Law passed the bar and in nineteen thirty seven started practicing. He moved to Springfield and became a successful attorney representing presenting big companies and individuals in a respectable manner. He earned the nickname and reputation. Honest Abe but Lincoln had his sights set on more than and just law ambition for life in politics glowed in his eyes. He was eventually elected to Congress but served only one term due to an informal one term rotation system Lincoln's unpopular stance on the Mexican war claiming James Polk not the Mexican started it as well as opposing any land gained from the war. Becoming slave territory cost a successor. Stephen t Logan the seats in Congress discouraged by the defeat he felt was his fault. He returned to Springfield appealed to practice law but not for long. He was thrust back into politics with the passing of the Kansas Nebraska. Act which divided the lines for slave and the free states even more sharply. It revoked the ban on slavery in the Louisiana Purchase territory north of a certain line of demarcation opening Kansas Territory Tori to slavery a civil war between pro and anti slavery factions erupted in Kansas and almost seven year precursor to the bloodiest war are ever fought on American soil before eighteen. Fifty four Lincoln had said little about slavery yet by opening in all of the Louisiana purchase territory to slavery north of thirty six degrees thirty minutes. Lincoln believed the Kansas Nebraska. Act Had reversed the course of the founding in father's well he believed when they adopted the Declaration of Independence and enacted the northwest ordinance of seventeen eighty seven barring slavery from most of the existing existing territories the founding fathers were against the spread of slavery. That was why Lincoln was so bothered. The Kansas Nebraska Act was going directly against against with the great leaders of our nation had intended so lincoln ran as the candidate for senator but lost by a slim margin once again. He went back to Springfield film to practice law but continued in politics helping to form the Republican Party in eighteen fifty six a party. Based largely on keeping the union whole and taking a stance against slavery slavery is a monstrous injustice at deprives a Republican example of its just influence in the world enables the enemies of free institutions with plausibility to talk says hypocrites with the Kansas Nebraska Act. A Republican Publican. Robe is soiled and trailed in the dust lettuce ripe europhile. Let's readopt the declaration of Independence and and with the practices and policy which harmonize with it. During the party's convention. He lost a bid for the nomination as vice president and that year the Democratic Credit candidate James Buchanan won the presidency a major victory for the south three years later. Lincoln ran again as a senator against Stephen Douglas. The two had more than just political competition boiling at one time Douglas had also courted Mary. Todd their beef went way back. The two opponents entered into a famous series of heated debates house divided against itself cannot stand it can and and it has so explain to our townsfolk. Why the country cannot continue to exist? Half slave and half free has it has for the past seventy years. I believe this government cannot endure as such permanently half slave in half free it will eventually become all one thing or all all the other and only one is righteous your rhetoric about slavery optimist extinction will only drive the south into secession. And is it not true. You believe in Negro equality. I believe all men deserved Fredo. Oh you in favor of conferring upon the Negro the rights and privileges privileges of citizenship. Do not speak on racial equality to the white man. Merely a human being's right to be free. India desire desire to turn this beautiful state into a Free Negro Colony. It altered that when Missouri Abolish slavery she can send one hundred thousand emancipated page slaves into Illinois to become citizens and voters on an equality with yourselves. Lincoln lost the election once again left to lick his wounds but his performances at the debate gave him notoriety throughout North Lincoln. used his downtime to help. Develop the Free Labor ideology which was at the core of the Republican value.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Abraham Lincoln was born on February twelfth eighteen nine in a small log cabin in Hardin County County Kentucky. His mother and Father Thomas and Nancy Lincoln were humble illiterate farmers. Lincoln's father was barely able to sign his name. He also oh had an older sister. Sarah Sarah and Abraham grew up on a farm where he learned to wield the axe help his father chop wood and carve a house in a farm out of the hardwood forest. Nothing in his humble beginnings would ever suggest he would rise to president of the United States. Lincoln attended school only intermittently because his health was required on the farm however he did learn how to read he developed a voracious appetite for books devouring as many as he could get his hands on. Tragedy struck the Lincoln home when at the tender age of nine years old his mother. Nancy died of milk sick. A disease likely caused caused by wild poison. The cows ingested Nancy's death gravely effected young Abraham Making Matters Worse. Nancy had acted as a buffer between Lincoln Gin and his father who did not get along very well with Nancy. Gone Abraham Thomas Lincoln clashed even more Abraham disdains the life of a backwoods woods farmer. He was also deeply bothered that he had to turn over any side wages to his father before he was of age so for example if he helped neighbor with work Thomas. Lincoln kept all of Abraham's earnings. Some speculate that his scorn for this law in part led to sympathy for slaves who were denied the fruits of their own labor. Adding to the contention was Lincoln's opinion of the old man who he saw as lazy and unintelligent his father reciprocated the feeling thinking linking Lincoln the Lazy One because he preferred reading over farmwork. Boy I done told you already to put that book down and get on out to the field them. Corns ain't picking themselves. Yes Paul Gimme that damn thing. Why don't ask the questions around here? I told you to hand it over now. Hand it over but it's mine Paul. He ain't doing no harm except making you lazy son of a bitch on my farm. That's not true. I do my share Pau. These books teach me so one day one day. What boy I can do something more than just sign my name? I ain't got no use for lazy dog on my farm and you know what I do too lazy dogs don't you. Lincoln didn't invite his father to his wedding. He didn't even make the eighty mile journey to visit his father on his deathbed despite his father's request if we can meet now it's doubtful whether it would not be more painful than pleasant in eighteen. Twenty eight Lincoln finally left the farm to work on the riverboat hauling freight which ran down the Ohio and Mississippi River to New Orleans. This was also as first exposure to large scale slavery and slave auctions. Two years after his riverboats stint Lincoln helped his family moved to Illinois in eighteen thirty one he settled in new Salem where he worked various jobs. As postmaster mill hand in a failed shopkeeper it was here he met Ann Rutledge. There's been debate over whether or not. They were lovers up until the nineteen nineties. It was disputed because there were not many references to an Lincoln's letters however academia now accepts reminiscence based I oral history many of those accounts from locals in new Salem testified in the nature of their relationship and are now widely accepted. An rutledge was a beautiful young. A young woman with Auburn hair and striking Blue Eyes Lincoln met and when he was twenty two and she was eighteen like Lincoln. She also came from a humble background. But Lincoln was poor and lacked training of a trade making him unsuitable for marriage so a wealthier gentleman John. McNamara Korda Dan and they were set to be married McNamara left to New York to attend to family matters never returned ultimately abandoning his fiancee. Now our prominent bachelor in new Salem Lincoln allegedly proposed and she accepted on the condition that I she and her engagement to McNamara in person mm-hmm but tragedy struck before that was possible when Ann came down with typhoid fever and passed away in eighteen eighteen. Thirty five the epitaph on a new headstone at an original burial place reads where Lincoln wept. After Ann's death. Lincoln slipped into a deep depression. Some historians suggest to even suffered a nervous breakdown. Depression what he referred to as the HYPO short for hypochondria area is a condition. Lincoln battled his entire life. Thankfully it wasn't severe enough to impede his ambition. Lincoln's I I tumble in. Politics was as supporter of the whig. Party the WHIG party was founded as an anti-establishment response to the Democratic President Andrew Jackson it was accused of being a party for the elite and wealthy but voting records showed in addition to being pro business. It favored social justice in the education in prison. Systems Lincoln ran for state legislature as a whig candidate in eighteen. Thirty two but lost. This defeat didn't stop him though he ran again in eighteen thirty four by this time formerly a member of the whig party and one and again in eighteen thirty six thirty eight and forty during this time period. He met Mary Harry Todd. I've faced the well educated high society woman. Although Lincoln was awkward with women and the two came from opposite sides of life. They became engaged engaged in eighteen. Forty where is he. He's coming.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Dear Hank & John
"Lincoln becomes like semi independent. It's the giants on abraham lincoln s to college. Oh joe's abraham lincoln elements ease abraham lincoln. No i think it's very important johnston abraham lincoln go through through the entire process of being a child in america today and giants don't abraham lincoln has to go to elementary school and they have to build a special giant stone abraham lincoln elementary school to fit him and there's no way hank that america can make it to twenty fifty eight waiting good for giant stone abraham lincoln to come of age would he can lead us back to an inclusive loving the country sri that that that we know we can be is right around the corner. If giant stone abraham lincoln can will lead us there and you're proposing to put him in elementary mm entry. That's okay. I'm just saying john. I haven't read the short story in which this all happens yet but i'm really looking afford to it. In my version of the short story giants don't abraham lincoln wakes up and is is a baby. He's a giant baby and he has to be taken care of amine. That is the word narrative -ly. That is the worst right well. That's the thing it's a twist. You think oh we're all saved but then he's just he's just like all right. You're better applauding than i am so i'm just gonna assume that that's the correct answer. Even though it strikes me as utter hogwash regardless i look forward to the day whenever it comes when abraham lincoln returns to take back what is rightfully his way. What about term limits so if it's your version giants don't abraham lincoln is just an extension of existing abraham lincoln. He can't be president because he's already been president well he. I i would argue. He didn't get to serve out the full second term. Let's so maybe we could make an exception john too soon for that. I i think it's a good point. I'm glad that's where we started today. John i do for some reason and somehow i feel a little bit better after having answered that that question yeah. I think we're gonna be fine. It'd be there in just need giants. Don't abraham lincoln to come and remind us that it's not necessary to have a four hundred hundred and eighty day presidential election season. That's not a season. It's many years but what if giants don't abraham lincoln as a thirty five year presidential until the election season where he just talks to people. He's on a listening tour yeah. He's on a listening tour. That sounds nice. I think probably the biggest surprise for giant stone. Abraham lincoln would definitely view weird right to be reimbursed like suddenly back to life when you died eighteen sixty five but i think the weirdest thing would we being giant and stone no no yeah no it wouldn't be that your giant and stone it wouldn't be like cars or airplanes are antibiotics or any of that. I think the weirdest thing would be like trying to explain lean how rand paul got elected to the senate. I've met their resume weird election stories for abs senate colleagues as well joe sure here. You know one of them. Almost <hes> got beaten to death on the floor of the flip in congress by kane and then the guy who almost beat the other guy to death got reelected well. <hes> america was always bonkers. Let's move on merica. Put that on a t shirt. This next question comes from courtney who asks steer franken john. I recently purchased a v._i._p. Ticket to the miniature in minnesota in august thank you courtney. I'm really excited to see you. I'm coming from michigan and none of my real life. Friends are nerd fighters not for lack of trying so i'm flying solo feel uncomfortable about it but i didn't wanna pass up the opportunity. How do i appear to be not a weirdo to the people i'm sitting next to what are some good conversation station starters any other tips or tricks gone to a show solo looking forward to it sincerely courtney. I according thank you hank we will be in madison and minneapolis on respectively august sixteenth and august eighteenth people can get tickets at hank and john.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on Newt's World
"On this episode of neutral world. Abraham Lincoln is with the single angle exception of George Washington. The most important president in American history without Lincoln civil war would have ended with the south leaving the union with America Broken Without Lincoln. The moral moral basis of freedom would never been quite as articulate without Lincoln so many things we take for granted would never become true. I'm going to try to share with you. The essence of Lincoln a man who is the most complex and probably the smartest person ever knew occupy the White House one of the lessons of Lincoln. What is it about Lincoln that made him so unusual so effective and so important? I've written ooh Four novels about the civil war. I've spent years studying Lincoln. I think that he is at the center of defining America Abraham Lincoln's rise to greatness is really the.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on WTRH
"In regards to guilt is the only way to receive god's fulfilling love is for me to recognize my inner needs and look to him and thank him for his full mercy and grace toward me and to literally received that change life the fullness of it is living in it and then reflecting the lord jesus christ who lives in you yes the province four six says that don't be anything but pray about everything grasp onto that lately in the and just to pray about it and and not worry battle well maybe if you were to do this what about there's a very short scripture i'm going to give you and if you every time you battle that in your mind take romans ten verse eleven romans ten eleven it's anyone who believes in him will never be put to shame now we need to make sure we're clear about what that means anyone who believes in him will never be put to shame now i candidly i do believe in abraham lincoln for years he was my favorite president of the united states i love so many of the quotes from abraham lincoln but you know that's not the same believe that the bible's talking about anyone who believes in him in this case it's a greek word studio which means to rely upon to trust in where you entrust your life so anyone who believes in him into the words anyone who relies on christ who's put your total trust in christ will never be put to shame and so you can say thank you thank you lord jesus as soon as you start you know by the way this city this who is called the accuser of christians yeah that is one of his roles he wants you to feel defeated based on the past and yet you experienced the miracle of salvation so by putting your in your total trust in him entrusting your life to christ not just to save.
"abraham lincoln" Discussed on WTRH
"The only way to receive god's fulfilling love is for me to recognize my inner needs and look to him and thank him for his full mercy and grace toward me and to literally received that changed life the fullness of it is living in it and then reflecting the lord jesus christ who lives in you yes probably four six says that don't be anything but pray about everything grasp onto that lately just to pray about it and and not worry that's a tough battle well maybe if you were to do this what about there's a very short script germany give you and if you every time you battle that in your mind take romans ten verse eleven romans ten eleven it's anyone who believes in him will never be put to shame now we need to make sure we're clear about what that means anyone who believes in him will never be put to shame now i candidly i do believe in abraham lincoln for years he was my favorite president of the united states i love so many of the quotes from abraham lincoln but you know that's not the same believe that the bible is talking about anyone who believes in him in this case it's a greek word studio which means to rely upon to trust in where you entrust your life so anyone who believes in him into the words anyone who relies on christ who's put your total trust in christ will never be put to shame and so you can say thank you thank you lord jesus as soon as you start you know by the way this consider this who is called the accuser of christians yeah that is one of his roles he wants you to feel defeated based on the past and yet you experienced the miracle of salvation so by putting your in your total trust in him entrusting your life to christ not just to save.