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You Can Ring Nobel
"A video is making the rounds on the internet this week caught on one of those smart doorbell cameras. It's 2 a.m. And a man is anxiously knocking on his neighbor's door trying to wake him. Does the man need help? Is there an emergency is the neighbor's house on fire? Was there a Prowler in the area or some other kind of threat? No doubt. The man Robert Wilson is trying to wake his across the street neighbor to tell him that they just won the Nobel Prize. My name's Moxi and this is your brain on facts. A good reputation is more valuable than money for lilias. Serious a Syrian living in Rome at the time of the big b c a d change over we have no way of knowing if Alfred Nobel ever read publilius, but he definitely had reputation on his mind the Swedish chemist engineer and industrialists found a novel way to combine good old Gunpowder with the exciting new discovery of nitroglycerin to form a truly earth-shaking invention Dynamite. It was a game-changer for Industries like coal mining and it killed people like it was nobody's business both intentionally and through many many Factory explosions. Nobel got richer with each Improvement on the dynamite then his brother Ludovic died a French newspaper ran an obit for Alfred having gotten their lines cross somewhere along the way they were shown the remote As more the paper proclaimed. The merchants of death is dead. Dr. Alfred Nobel who became a rich by finding ways to kill four people faster than ever before died yesterday. That's gotta sting. Nobel had no children and a sudden intense concern about his legacy. So he decided to put some of the money he'd made into the service of repairing his name with a real long-term strategy in his 1895 will drafted the year before he died Nobel instructed that most of his fortune the equivalent of two hundred and fifty million dollars today be set aside to create an award five annual prizes quote to those who during the preceding year shall have conferred the greatest benefit of mankind provided you benefit mankind by way of physics chemistry physiology or medicine literature and problematically vague more on that later long piece. Wait a sec. Say those of you with better recall than me. Where's the Nobel Prize for economics? There wasn't one. There still isn't a part from the one that they're kind of is. The bank of Sweden prize in economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel was created by Sweden's Central Bank in nineteen. Sixty-eight. What about mathematics game popular Apocrypha is that Nobel lost the woman he loved to a mathematician and so did not consider mathematics to be important enough. There's no proof for that story sadly wage and while no one knows for sure the reason it could be as simple as Nobel really wasn't a math guy. I feel you there. Winners are announced in October and November the culmination of a Year's preparation more than six thousand people like Nobel laureates AKA past winners School in various fields and officials from various universities are invited to nominate candidates about a thousand of them for each prize, which usually results in between 150 and 250 nominees. It's not just names in a hat. You have to write a detailed proposal in favor of your nominee and no no matter how much you want to know how cleverly you think you can get away with it. You cannot nominate yourself. Also. You must be alive. Nobel prizes aren't awarded posthumously at least not any more than a few were in the early days, but it was decided in the 1970s that that wasn't their bag anymore, but exceptions make the rule and there is one notable exception in 20 job. 11:00 Canadian immunologist Ralph Steinman received the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine but he passed away between being nominated and the prize being announced akong assignments daughter. Her father had actually joked about getting the Nobel Prize shortly before he died. They don't give it to you if you've passed away. He said according to her I got to hold out for that. He didn't quite make it but they gave them the prize. Anyway, Steinman must have had a real sixth sense when it comes to convoluted award schemes because non-winning nominees are kept secret out for fifty years in part to prevent a sort of Susan Lucci situation. For those of you who don't recognize the name Susan Lucci is an American soap opera actress who was nominated for a long time. Emmy Award nineteen years in a row before she won. I always suspected that she got the Nam as a running gag after a
Never Surrender, with Garbled Twistory
"Into Slavery Gabriel Prosser grew to be a strapping young man trained as a blacksmith and learned to read he his brothers and his wife hatched a plan to not only a free themselves from bondage, but all enslaved people in Virginia their plan was to gather more men take over the capitol of Richmond and kill all the white people with the exception of methodists Quakers and the French processor. Would then rule the New Kingdom of Virginia. The plan didn't work. My name's Moxi and this is your brain on facts. Why didn't they Rebel this is a question that should have occurred to every American schoolchild when studying the Civil War and slavery. Why didn't they Rebel the truth of the matter is they did more than one third of the population in the south in the eighteenth Century or enslaved people in the 1943 Book American negro slave revolts historian Herbert aptheker estimated. There were over 250 rebellions of enslaved people in the US between 1619 and 1865 some historians put that number over 300. So rebellion was a lot more common than we were led to believe and even if enslaved people weren't taking apart in an armed Uprising many would fight back in small ways painting food work slowdowns feigning injury. Damaging equipment and so forth the new world had slave rebellions basically as long as there were people enslaved. They're the first documented Rebellion taking place on San Domingo on Christmas Day 1522 some rebellions managed to make it into the history books and pop culture like the seizure of the Amistad when a boat full of kidnapped Africans over through their captors and took control of the ship to both win their freedom and be memorialized in a film by Steven Spielberg. The first recorded slave revolt in the United States happened an hour down the road from me in Gloucester Virginia in 1663. White indentured servants included enslaved Africans in their plan to do away with their master and be free another servant betrayed them and was rewarded with his freedom. It would be nearly twenty-five years as far as we know off. Before the first all black slave revolt which again took place in Virginia. The largest slave rebellion outside the United States was the successful Insurrection of black slaves that overthrew French rule and abolished slavery in Saint domingue establishing the agenda nation of Haiti that proved unequivocally that the enslaved could defeat their captors and live free that precedent frightened and slavers on the mainland suck slave owners actively repressed any sign of rebellion laws dictating when where and how slaves could congregate were enacted to prevent Insurrection and quavo light paranoia. It's the same reason the enslaved were forbidden from learning to read or write words spread ideas and your captives May develop repetto Mania wage medical condition and let this make you grateful your doctor actually had to go to school the mental illness that caused black slaves to want to run away. Yeah, that's what these folks told themselves in case you thought the narrative myth of the happy slave was a recent invention. With Plantation populations under tight control Insurrection would tend to come from the cities or parts of the country where there were lots of small farms rather than one big one. We don't have time today to talk about all three hundred rebellions. We'll just hit on some of the ones that are most likely to make you ask why you're high school history textbook included between zero and one slave rebellion. Well at the same time definitely mentioning white John Brown at Harpers Ferry. Records are a bit spotty for our first subject the Stono Rebellion in South Carolina in 1793. History is colored both by the mouth of the teller and the ear of The Listener with their preconceptions, and we only have one firsthand contemporary account. Early on a late-summer Sunday morning 20 enslaved people gathered near the Stono River Why Sunday morning a recently passed law required all woke up men to carry firearms with them to church on Sunday. So the rebels made their move when the men and at least some of the guns would be elsewhere.
The Only Subject that Counts (with Eric Siy)
"Hello and welcome to misinformation a Trivia podcast for ladies and gents love cool. Trivia and sticking it to annoying teens. At pop quiz, where are your host I'm Lauren and I'm Julia Hey jaw. We. Got A got a nice call back in the intro here I did do a fun little Callback d do You WanNa know why I did that found little. In, late and everybody. Because we have a reoccurring guest, a returning guest today that we are very excited about Eric See. Eric. Welcome. Thank you. Welcome back so happy to see you so nice to see the both of you and I'm thinking now that. You know probably there are some places still do pub trivia and they're mostly crazy teens that are yeah. Yeah. I mean, that's probably the case. So it just it continues to be. The, the intro continues to evolve but also be a kernel of truth. You know what I'm saying. So I really want everybody to think right off the bat start. Yeah. But of introspection get into the right mindset you know. So I was on our team Iquique Bowl in Chicago where it was so much on America's last public gathering. Was it was so much fun. Amazing time. And you were probably you were one of the less people that we hugged before. Yes you were the last people that are hugged as well and shared a meal in a restaurant with. Some we want per Taylor. Chocolate milk shake. Shake. As learned love and you described it the drink you to. It wasn't shrink that you chew. We really had a wonderful multi sensory experience in Chicago with you Eric and I'm so glad that that is one of our last memories of the before times. Good Times Oh. My goodness. Well, we are very excited to have you talk to us about something Eric. Please tell us what you're going to talk to us about today we're going to do more math. Top. Do. Best category on Learning League I will tell you Eric that my parents. Usually are very critical. PODCAST. They will say to me like I'll be like Oh did you did you listen to this podcast? They'll go. We want we listened to a little bit of it was. Wasn't your best you swirling much I, swore too much. They get that. But your episode was like Stars Stars Ten stars across the board. They loved Eric's episode. Loved Hello. Dave Tag Dave. Yes. Yup You got it. Right? Don't worry David Nancy Yeah they loved your episode. Solo. But yeah. Math everybody needs it. There's always a question about it. So yes, of course we're excited. Yeah. Yeah. Before I started did one Bailey who also did a math episode which is Primo episode as well and continuing the math legacy, and then you also had tangential math apps like the moon. There was a lot of math in the moon episode a lot of math cards episode. Yeah. Yeah. So much math so much math. Are you proud everywhere I am so proud I was proud of you before. Thank you eric kind. So, just to frame today. BOOT back when I was on last year of twenty. Nine. Hundred Twenty nineteen now. So the American curriculum has five strands of mathematics number and operations, geometry measurement Algebra David Analysis and probability, and so we did numbers where we talked about the history of some numbers and a Greek cult. Geometry did some calculus and talked about you know the Calculus wars, linemates. So now for today I wanted to talk about the other strands. So we're going to do Algebra measurement and probability, and then we're going to end it with America's favorite segment a mathematician you should know. Yes Right, up our alley before I start I had a question for the both of you Did you have a favorite math teacher and why were they your favorite math teacher? Goodness. I can say there was that. I had to favorite math teachers and their names escape me at the moment. Because once I left high school I kicked a lot of information out of my head, but I had one that taught us about Probability and I enjoyed like I liked that part. And I had another teacher who smells like cinnamon And he was very warm and lovely and he taught us calculus. Which I was not good at but. He was a very kind person until he got busted for throwing a math book at a student the year after I graduated and he got fired. So. That's my story. Julia do you have a favorite? Not I mean I don't think I could top that but I also had a good probability and statistics teacher in high school to like that was like I took a math elective my senior year of high school because I wanted to take like another art class and they were like Nah that won't fit on your schedule. Here's have some more math I was like. Yeah that's not fair but I did it. Well, at least you had one and I'm happy for that Matt Teachers, not usually you know the ones you out. So we're GONNA start today with Algebra and I'm GONNA throw another question to you. How would you define Algebra? Math with letters. Okay. Very good. I would agree yes. So we think there's you know it's when we stop using numbers and we start adding letters and so one of the definitions we use that that sort of promotes wineries letters use these letters to understand Patterson relations to represent ideas and think about the numbers in a problem. So you know it's like you have your watermelons and oranges and w watt among you know.
11 Trivia Questions on The Human Body
"All right guys we are diving into some human body related trivia questions. Let's see if you know all these answers number one approximately how many bones does the average adult have question number one approximately how many bones does the average adult have number one? Question number two, five, human senses are sight hearing taste touch, and what five human senses are sight hearing taste touch and what what's missing their number two. And number three. What is the most common human blood type? What is the most common human blood type number three Number four what is the colored portion of the human I called? What is the colored portion of the human I called number. Four. Question number five approximately how many pints of blood doesn't average adult body contain approximately how many pints of blood doesn't average adult body contained. And number six human sex determination occurs at six to seven weeks in Jeff. Station prior to this, all fetuses are essentially what? Number seven. What part of the human blood carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body part of human blood carries oxygen from the lungs the rest of the body. And eight what is the largest solid organ and the average adult human? What is the largest solid organ the average adult human? Question Nine, what nine hundred, sixty, six, sci fi film involved injecting a miniaturized crew into a human body what nineteen sixty six film was that An number nine number ten, what spiral shaped ear bone is mainly responsible for hearing what spiral shaped ear bone is mainly responsible for hearing. Andy Bonus question to close out this episode humans are the only animals with which of these body parts. Is it a belly button fingernail knuckle or Chin Chin Belly Button fingernail or Chin or sorry or knuckle knuckle cinelli button fingernails. Those are your choices humans, the only animals with which of those body parts. All right. Those are your questions for the human body will be right back in just a second to see how you did. We are back with the answers to human body Trivia here comes question number one and the answer approximately how many bones does the average adult have we are looking for around two hundred for this one kind of just general answer there I think. The actual answer is like two. Oh, six to five. But if you put somewhere around two hundred, that's the approximate answer we were looking for number two the five human senses are sight hearing taste touch. And smell when you smell stuff like a Yankee candle, maybe burning some kind of autumn sent around your house right now in time for Halloween number three, what is the most common human blood type O positive I think that's what I am but I have no idea. My wife asked me the other day she goes what's your blood type I said I don't think anyone's ever asked me before they're thirty four years of life I have no idea. Number four what is the colored portion of the human I call? That's the Iris also a Goo Goo dolls song number five approximately. How many pints of blood doesn't average adult body contained? That's eight pints of blood eight number six human sex determination occurs at sixty seven weeks in station prior to all fetuses are essentially female female. Number seven what part of the human blood carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body that the red blood cells, red blood cells, number eight. What is the largest solid organ in the average adult human? That's the liver liver alone STU. And number nine, what nine, hundred, sixty, six, sci fi film involved injecting a miniaturized crew into human body. That is fantastic voyage. Also the plot of most of the magic school bus episodes I remember as a kid number ten, what spiral shaped your bone is mainly responsible for hearing. You're using it right now to listen to this episode and that's the coke. La. Cochlea. And number eleven. Humans are the only animals with which of these body parts we had Chen belly button fingernails and knuckles. The answer was Chin Chin. So they have it
TV Face-Off: Brooklyn Nine-Nine, Superstore
"Hello Lauren. Any. How was your week own? It's been a long everything. That's really doing that sounds. Yeah. Yeah, it's going well I. Think I've managed to somehow over extend myself which feels impossible. During that seems absolutely normal for you actually. This is the first week we were talking that some of us are putting on her calendar, our TV watching yes, like we're like tonight and. You know on the Google cal or whatever use a calendar I'm putting everything in my calendar and I do feel like I did commit to a few things because occasionally I wake up with this idea that I'm like, I'm going to do that and I'm GonNa try this show or whatever, and then at the end of the day you're like, what am I doing like I barely do any I've gotten those black bananas out of the freezer like six or seven. They fought and I've put them back. It's like the banana bread will come but who knows Asking taste so amazing when you finally get to it, it does the re the. Freezing I is really. Let them, go black and then thaw them and re freeze them several times. Stephanie, are you cooking? Are you doing any of the intense recipe? It's a balance of like how how responsible do we wanna be to all the people that are making these deliveries all the time. So you know abby self centered in order food every chance for yet at first it seemed like this going to last two weeks. Let's order pizza every night you know So we've definitely we've gotten some farm boxes. We've tried to do stuff with them and some have been hit some good Mrs. Yeah like too many turnips that kind of thing. Well, we got a box. It was like all of we had to look it up on the Internet and like try to figure out. As. It turned out to be watermelon, radish sprouts or something. So I an entire episode and a half of Rupaul drag race taking the little sprouts. The thing in the Brad made a salad and it was like just okay and our. See. Last me what's for dinner and I'm like, I, don't know. I don't want to be responsible for it. I know it's too much everybody I know is reading recipes. I. Am Reading Instructions on the back of a box. So let's go to your first game. Quiz called masked singers because these days everybody's wearing a mask but some musicians were way ahead of the curve I'm going to play you a clip of a musician who famously obscures their face and you're gonNa tell me who we are hearing and if you have no idea, you can make something up. And we're going to go back and forth learn this for you. Right. He's an Australian artist who often uses a large blonde wig to shield her face, and sometimes she tops with the boat. Yea. Tiffany this for you. Because this singer's voice sounded so much like. Many conspiracy theories emerged that Elvis was still alive and releasing music under this alias in the nineteen eighties. I will say it seemed as though he was leaning into the Elvis thing a little bit. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. I'll take multiple choice because I truly don't have a clue so I'm going to guess. Okay I'll give you the multiple choice. Was it a Orion be Bill Haley and his comets or see Jefferson starship? I think. Bill. Haley and his comments who is that? That's cool. Too. So cool incorrect. There was Orion. A Ryan yeah his. Belt. That's yeah. The very same. He were masquerade style mask. And during his time with the son record label, which was also eldest is label he made over eleven albums toured with Jerry Lewis Dionne Warwick. Documentary about his life in two thousand, fifteen called. The man who would be king so he really did lean into the Elvis thing that's how lauren the members of this French electronic duo appear onstage wearing helmets. I know I know I know. There's there's more there's more. And rarely give interviews. I know this is terrible but I'm going to need the multiple choice. Okay. Is it a the chemical brothers? The DAFT PUNK or C. LCD sound system it's Daft punk be that's right. Yes. I needed to hear it. I was because in my mind I was like is that no, it's not easy sound system I knew that but that's all it was coming into my head I'm so sorry husbands literally wearing his daft punk shirt today and then Lauren gets that question great. Yeah and that is a slap in the face it is. Straight up. Right up sloppy. Maybe. We'll come here. Stephanie. This electronic trio of musicians hails from Boise Idaho and first appeared on the scene in two thousand thirteen. I need the multiple choice. Sure. Was it. A Merlin's beard be broken WAN's or sea. Magic Sword. I don't know how permafrost. Hard you got hard ones Brogan wants sounds cool. I hope that's their name. The is cooler than their actual name. Best. Word. Chick Sore. Members perform wearing hooded close and fencing masks with glowing laser lines for is the third member of the band supplies projections. One of the band's members known as the keeper said that he came up with the idea while staying at a meditation retreat. That's where all good ideas come from. He said, he said day seven at dawn that this is what I wanted to do was the one constant in my life eighties epic
11 Trivia Questions on Biggest Cities in States
"Biggest cities in states came. So I'm GonNa give you a state. And then you have to think about what is the most populated city in that state sometimes, it's the capital sometimes, it's not. So keep that in mind while you're trying to answer these were to jump into eleven of them right now. Here we go. All right. Guys. Here we go. Just tell me the most populated city in the state that I provide. Here's question number one Alabama. Number. One was Alabama number two is Connecticut. Number, three is Florida. What do you think is the most populated city in Florida number three. Number FOUR IS IDAHO IDAHO Number Five, we've got Kansas. Kansas. Number six is main. What is the most populated city in Maine? and. Number seven Maryland. Seven Maryland. Number Eight is Montana Lot of states that start with 'em number eight Montana. Number nine is Vermont Vermont. Number ten is Virginia Virginia. And the bonus question is tough on what is the most populated city in American Samoa what is the most populated city in American Samoa? Those are all of your states and areas that you had to try name the most populated city and will be right back in just a second with the correct answers. We are back with the answers to this round on populated cities and states. Let's see if you were able to figure all these out. Number One Alabama was Birmingham Birmingham Alabama number one Birmingham Alabama. And number two. We head Connecticut, which is Bridgeport Bridgeport Connecticut number two bridgeport. Number. Three was Florida and Jacksonville Jacksonville Jaguars down there number three Jacksonville. Number Four Idaho is Boise Boise. NUMBER FIVE KANSAS WICHITA WICHITA Number six main most populated city is Portland Portland Maine. Number Seven Maryland Baltimore Baltimore. Number. Eight most populated in Montana is billings. Montana
Having the Last Word
"I am about to or I am going to die either expression is correct. These were the last words of seventeenth century, French, Jesuit, priest grammarian, and man after my own Heart Dominique Boehner. Narrowly, edged out by eighteenth century French Aristocrat who declared I see you have made three spelling mistakes. As. He read over his own death warrant. We assign a lot of significance to last words hoping that we'll leave some deep philosophical epitaph or something funny like what's this button do? But you may end up with last words like American author, Henry David Thoreau who simply said Moose. Indian. My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. Many people think Irish playwright and poet Oscar Wilde's last words were either this wallpaper goes or I do. That would be typical wild but there are two small factual inaccuracies in this retelling. The actual quote is this wallpaper and I are a duel to the death either it goes or I do. And he said that a few weeks before he died. Oscar Wilde's actual last words were a mumbled prayer. He did also say toward the end of his life as he lay in bed sipping champagne I am dying beyond my means. With about a third of the world being Christian it's not surprising that God gets mentioned a fair amount. As the clock was winding down for one of the baddest. Of Golden Age Hollywood Cancer Stricken Joan Crawford her housekeeper began to pray aloud at her bedside. Crawford summoned her remaining strength and said, don't you dare ask God to help me. A priest was at the bedside of Francois Marie Oh, Rhett the philosopher firebrand known as will tear. The priest implored him to renounce the devil voltaire considered his advice but decided this is no time to be making new enemies. German romantic behind took a different view as he lay dying of tertiary syphilis. God will forgive me. He said that's his job. A quick tangent while the dead have been in our collective fears and folklore since the caveman days, our modern interpretation of Sambas is strongly influenced by the ravages syphilis. Its Body count his paltry when compared with things like the black death. But the five million people at killed in the Fifteenth Century alone definitely qualify for epidemic status. Syphilis comes in distinct stages. Primary Syphilis is characterized by painless sores on the genitals or mouth, which typically heal on their own. The second stage usually presents with a rash and fever. These resolve and the disease enters the latent stage which can last for years. You're not infectious in the latent stage, but the bacteria may still be damaging your heart bones, nerves, and brain. People would think they were no longer sick which was just as well since there was no cure anyway. Tertiary Syphilis the third stage. The skin may be covered by growths that break down into lesions that spread unchecked. The disease can away bone and caused tremendous pain. Sufferers could also experience numbness and difficulty with motor functions, vision problems leading to blindness and dementia. which combined left people shambling down cobblestone streets with their faces routing off. If you bumped into such a person under a ready gas lamp on a cold Monday night, you'd probably be willing to believe they were a corpse who had gotten elusive. It's grave. Will Save, the debate for the spread of syphilis whether it started in North America or Europe for another day. We have these last words because someone was there here in record them. Sadly, that wasn't the case with Albert. Einstein one of the greatest scientific minds in history. He was not alone in the room when he passed away but he understandably spoke his final words in his mother tongue and the nurse that was attending him didn't speak German. Perhaps his final wish was something along the lines of don't let anyone steal my brain and keep it in their desk for years. As, you can probably guess that is what happened but that is also a topic will cover on another show. Many people can feel the end is near and leave prophetic pronouncements behind. Reputed Future Sier and tabloid staple. nostradamus correctly forecast tomorrow when the sunrises, I shall no longer be here. Similarly. The Godfather of Soul James Brown said, I'm going away tonight. Less
National Public Lands Day with Ashley Lusk
"Hey Paul Ashley here I am excited for you to tell me all about National Public Lands Day the only thing keeping me saying during the pandemic has been the ability to take my dog and my partner and get in our car and drive to the middle of nowhere and most often that middle of nowhere is usually a state or local or National Park and what I love about these public lands is that anyone can come for a very low price or no price and really find and discover the great outdoors. So Paul tell me more about what makes them so special. Thanks. Today September Twenty Six, twenty twenty is National Public Lands Day the reason I give you the date and year is because this National Day officially falls on the four Saturday of September every year the goal this day which started in Nineteen ninety-four is to volunteer your time by visiting your favorite public land and doing some good like repairing trails or electing trash due to the pandemic psalm not all annual events have been canceled but have no fear of course there are some virtual events I will put a link in the show notes to help you find one. If you do get to your favorite public spot, you can share your story using the public land's Day take. Today's first recommendation is from the she explores podcast it's an interview with advocate Katie Boue. She is an advocate for the outdoors, but Katie explains that she does a lot of our advocating using social media but she also make sure to note that you need to take your actions out into the real world. My guest today is Ashley Lusk. I know Ashley because she is the Co editor of the Bello Collective a publication about audio and podcasts. As a little side note, Bello is a wonderful community that anyone can join in converse with a lot of podcast. Loving people over slack. Outside her work with the Bello collective actually has developed audience strategies for shows like Dolly Parton some MERICA Radio Lab Nancy and great big story. Since. That's a lot of podcast options. I'm not sure. I, can pick just one. But if I must I give you one of my favorite radio lab episodes, it's called the punch line and it's about hockey goon. John Scott who ended up playing in the NHL are game against a lot of odds. You don't have to be a hockey fan to enjoy it. For a third episode, Ashley Recommends P Line from the California love podcast. Ashley says and I quote. California love is a gorgeous and wide-ranging series and I hope you listen to all the episodes but if you wanna see what makes it so special checkout P line an episode about a party line that became a hangout spot for Los Angeles Teens Unquote.
All The Information You Need About Census 2020
"Today's episode. I, WanNa talk about something that's really important and something that maybe perhaps you didn't know about I have a lot of information about the twenty twenty cents is that is on a deadline of September thirtieth. So get those census forms in call the Census Bureau, or get the census online and fill out by September thirtieth. But now, right now, you can sit back and relax and enjoy this episode on the twenty twenty census. Okay. So let me start out by saying that the census is required by the constitution which calls for an actual enumeration once a decade and no Mauritian is the actual count one by one of the individuals in the United States will the first census after the American revolution was taken in Seventeen Ninety Under Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson. But on the NPR website, it states that the federal government is trying to get every household to answer some personal questions and they are kind of personal for the twenty twenty census. It's part of a once a decade tradition of counting every person living in the united. States. The twenty thousand population number will shape how political power and federal tax dollars are shared in the US over the next ten years. Ten Years Think about that the data collected by the senses determines the number of seats. Each state has the US House of Representatives and it is used to distribute billions and federal funds to local communities. The more populated your state is the more representatives you'll have in the US House of Representatives so That is really important that you understand that and fill out the twenty twenty census because it does help your state locally and overall in April the twenty twenty cents is started mailing out forms to all US citizens in the hopes of finding out how best to spend federal and state money. Well, the twenty twenty cents is, is the first in the United States since the rise of social media and the first US count that's primarily online. Yes for the first time Americans can answer census questions over the phone and on the Internet as well as mailing in the form. But this is showing concern around the digital security and participation among communities that may not have easy access to the internet or computers such as the homeless population and those living in shelters, and for months, the government has been preparing to combat this information campaigns that may try to disrupt the count which rolled out not only in the middle of a presidential race. That's right. Here. But also during the coronavirus pandemic on March twentieth the announced it is extending the end of counting the census from July thirty first to August fourteenth, and now from August fourteenth until September thirtieth. So you have until September thirtieth to get those census questions answered will officials however say that the sooner households fill out a form on their own the fewer door Knockers or as they are called census takers, the Census Bureau will have to try to send out the demographic data are used by businesses to determine, for example, where to build new supermarkets and other needed structures and business establishments such as daycare, and even the need for school lunch programs and other daily essentials. Also, the results will show where communities need new schools new. New Roads and more services for families, older adults and children. The data will also inform the government. How hundreds of billions of dollars in federal funding are allocated to more than one hundred programs, including Medicaid head start for community mental health services, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program also known as snap. Also may contribute to what kind of retail stores will do well in these areas that you live in how much tax money per town or county can be distributed to the Department of Transportation How many cars are in a particular area, which may determine the price of gas for that area.
A Third-Rate Burglary Attempt
"This episode Lauren is a third rate burglary attempt. This episode is all about Watergate. I am so excited. I'm so excited and you know what? This is why you decided to pour us a glass of wine. To keep you entertained because honest to God, this is a lot. Old White men doing a lot of crap? Yeah. Well, cheers to that I guess. Here we go. SIP SIP. All right everybody laid on me. Buckle up. The Watergate scandal was a political scandal in the US involving the administration of US President Richard Nixon from nineteen seventy, two to nineteen, seventy, four leading to Nixon's resignation. So okay picture it nineteen, seventy, two President Richard Mille House Nixon was running for re election. The United States is still embroiled in the Vietnam. War. The country deeply divided a forceful presidential campaign seemed essential to the president and some of his key advisors All Right Act one. ooh. Ooh Act one the Watergate. Complex. Here's our key players here. Okay. We have Richard. Nixon. Who is the president of the United States and he is also the Republican nominee for the nineteen seventy two election tricky Dick Tricky Dick. Exactly. We. We also do have George McGovern who is the Democratic nominee for the nineteen seventy, two election although he barely shows up in the store you have to know that he's the he's the Democratic nominee. There's H R Haldeman he is the White House Chief of staff and you have John Erlich men, who is the council in Assistant to the President for domestic affairs? We also have the committee to re elect the president. Do you do you know what this? Committee is often referred to as. Is this like it's like the power four or committee to re elect the president. It is officially abbreviated the CRP, but it is often abbreviated as C. R. E. P. or creep References to that throughout this and creep is I mean yeah it works in this in this case citation, but it is officially abbreviated cr the committee to re elect the president. So in that, some of the key figures are John, Mitchell, who is at this point, the attorney, General of the United States and then he becomes the campaign director. There's Jeb Stuart Magruder, who is a business executive and the acting chairman of the CRP and then a couple of names eubank actually be promoted with G Gordon Liddy he's a former FBI agent and European employee, and there's also e Howard Hunt who is a former CIA agent and CRP CRP employees. All right. Here's the setting. The Watergate complex. K built between nineteen, sixty, three and nineteen seventy-one. The Watergate was considered one of Washington DC's most desirable living spaces. It was popular with members of Congress and political appointees of the executive branch the Watergate Complex actually a group of six buildings in the foggy bottom neighborhood of Washington DC in nineteen seventy two the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee was then located on the sixth floor of the Watergate office building. So the Watergate complex, it was intended to be a city within a city so it was supposed to have so many amenities that residents wouldn't need to leave you know. So they were supposed to have like a post office and restaurant and Jen concierge Oh sure gyms in the seventy everyone's smoked like chimneys died forty eight. Right that's why nobody who lived in the seventies is still around. I always assumed it was just like a single building I didn't realize it was like. Axe So? Yes. There was the Watergate Hotel there was Watergate West and Watergate East, which were like apartment buildings. There's a Watergate office building and there's one of their Watergate apartment building too. So it was a big complex It was actually proposed and built by the Italian architectural firm SGI. And one really interesting. The one thing that I found renders ing is the Vatican was actually a major investor in this project get how. So because of this, the Vatican was at one point part owner of the Watergate until nineteen sixty-nine that's wild. Yeah, right. Whatever the Italian I mean. Come on. The Watergate's popularity among members of Congress, and again, these high-ranking of appointees was very strong and so many members of the Nixon Administration settled there that the DC press actually named it the Republican, Bastille? Wows. Yes. So another group we have to worry about right now are called the White House plumbers. They are simply sometimes called the plumbers or the room sixteen project Jay were covert White, house, Special Investigations Unit which was established within a week after the publication of the Pentagon papers in June nineteen seventy-one. Okay. So the plumbers job was to stop and or respond to the. Leaking of classified information, the news media and just a quick refresher at the Pentagon papers which was officially titled. Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force was a US Department of Defense History of the United States is political and military involvement in Vietnam from Nineteen forty-five to nineteen, Sixty, seven in twenty eleven. This report was formerly declassified and released.
It's the Little Things
"For want of a nail, the shoe was lost for want of a shoe. The horse was lost for want of a horse. The rider was lost for want of a writer the message was lost for want of the message the battle was lost for want of a battle, the kingdom was lost. Small things can have reverberating effects on history both good and bad. In fourteen fifty three, the great walled city of Constantinople fell it had withstood sieges for eleven hundred years. It had held off fire from the then state of the art cannons for weeks. The Byzantine said even Ford soldiers trying to tunnel under the wall autumn Turks were finally able to overrun the great city because someone left the door open. One of the many gates in the fourteen miles of wall had been left open during the night and the Ottomans flooded in. Killing Constantine the eleventh in the battle and bringing an end to the eastern Roman Empire. My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. It was a freezing Christmas night in Trenton. New Jersey during the revolutionary war. The English Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall. Commander. Of a mercenary infantry regiment of fourteen hundred has seen soldiers from Germany sat down to a good supper and an evening of entertainment. He and his men were celebrating their recent victories over George Washington's volunteer army, and of course, the Christmas holiday. Safe from the bitter cold and the pelting sleet inside a wealthy merchants home that they had commandeered. They relaxed safe in the assumption that no one in their right mind would possibly try to cross the Delaware River at night in a blinding winter storm. Someone challenged role to a game of chess, and before long he was deep in tactics and strategy. There was a knock at the door. And exhausted young. Messenger boy came in bearing a note from loyalist farmer. It's important to remember that about a third of colonists still consider themselves to be British and didn't want the revolution. Raw paid the boy little notice took the note and put it in his coat pocket without opening it. That pocketed piece of paper would cost him and the war effort nearly. Two hours earlier and ten miles away. Washington's men had begun being ferried across the icy Delaware. River. It took over ten hours to get all twenty four hundred men over to the New Jersey side. The conditions were so adverse five men froze to death. Then began the arduous march to Trenton in the dark. The plan had been to attack the town from all sides before dawn, but the troops didn't arrive until eight am. During the attack which lasted only an hour forty of the German. Henson's were killed and the remaining thousand surrendered. Colonel was mortally wounded. When his body was found the unopened note warning of Washington's crossing was still in his pocket. If role had read it, he would surely have had his gross of professional soldiers prepared. He allowed his pride and the weather to lull him into thinking his enemy was not a threat. Had he won the battle he may well have killed George Washington James Madison James Monroe John Marshall Aaron Burr and Andrew. Hamilton The. Second, most common premise in alternate history circles behind what if Germany won World War Two is what if the south one the American civil war? Two pieces of paper dropped in a farmer's field almost brought that about. Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Whose statue in the middle of my hometown of Richmond, Virginia has recently been given the historical context. It's so sorely needed. In the form of tons of. Graffiti. Issued Special Order one ninety one during the Maryland campaign before the Battle of Antietam. In the order lead divided his army, delineating the routes and roads to be taken and the timing for the units to reconvene. Adjutant Robert H Chilton penned copies of the letter endorsed them in Lee's name. Staff. Officers distributed the copies to various confederate generals. General Thomas Stonewall Jackson in turn copied the document for one of his subordinates, major general, D H Hill who was to exercise independent command as the rearguard. A Union soldier Corporal Barton W Mitchell of the twenty seven. Th Indiana volunteers found two pieces of paper bundled with three cigars as he marched across a farm in Maryland an area recently vacated by Hill and his men after they had camped there. The order provided the Union army with valuable information, concerning the army of Northern Virginia's movements and campaign plans. Upon receiving lease lost order. Major General George McClellan leading the Union army of the Potomac proclaimed. Here is a piece of paper with which if I cannot whip Bob Ely, I will be willing to go home. He immediately moved his army in hopes of foiling lease battle plans. When Lee heard a copy of special order one, ninety, one was missing he. He knew his scattered army was vulnerable and rushed to reunite his units Antietam Creek near Sharp's Berg. Lee's troops arrived tired hungry and many were sick. The Battle of Antietam, would go down as the bloodiest battle of the American civil war with casualties recorded as twenty, three, thousand dead wounded, which was usually as good as dead or unaccounted for over the course of the half day battle. That's nearly two thousand soldiers in our one every two seconds. When night fell both sides ceased fire together, their dead and wounded. The next day Lee began the painstaking job of moving his ravage troops back Virginia. Here, some scholars argue another solitary decision had far reaching consequences. Despite having the advantage. McClellan. Allowed Lee to retreat without resistance. From his point of view, he'd accomplished his mission by forcing Lee's troops from Maryland and preventing confederate win on union soil. President, Lincoln however thought McClellan missed a great opportunity to potentially end the war three years earlier than it ultimately would.
Autumnal Equinox with Isabel Cadenas
"Apple. So you said. You've been the emirate EAC you. Marry. Enlisted, elementary. Silicon clearly don't you. Give Up Bongo with respect on the second later. Puts get. Medical meanness when both guest committed for theft better soda you OUTTA. Yes must go to. Alerts, the muscle. But fouled admitted kb that must've been. Aspen. Excellent podcast Gumbo has gone international. I was so excited that Isabel greed to be a guest. So I could test out how well my ninth and tenth grade Spanish classes have held up all these years. So let's see how well I can translate what said. Here we go. Hi Paul. It's Isabel today is September twenty second and here Madrid like in the rest of the northern hemisphere, it's the tunnel equinoxes. I get very sad when the summer ends and that's why I want you to recommend me a podcast that can give me hope to endure the days that gets shorter the days get colder. Please make me believe there's life beyond summer. Thanks Ball. Had, I do. Okay truth be told I cheated I. Ask Isabel to translate what she said and I just read that back. After mismatch Zia would not be proud. For my first recommendation I found an apology is Minnesota with Alli Ward in it. Allie suggestive tissues word that she thinks should be a word. I east to. In this episode she talks about things we associate with summer firefly's watermelon barbecues and peeing in pools. So if the tunnel equinox gets you down, grow up something on the Barbie track down some hollow watermelon an post, a few picks using the tunnel equinoxes Hashtag. Today's guest is Isabel Cadenas. Kenyan. Isabel. Is the host of the day S? No CEO Blah podcast. DASS OH say no OB, La is a narrative nonfiction podcast that tries to connect the dots between personal and collective silences. The big news is that the podcast just dropped this week so you can listen right from the get go. For Third Recommendation Isabel recommends the magic carpet flight manual podcast. Isabel says, and I quote. The podcasts I'd like to recommend is Kathy Fitzgerald's the magic carpet flight manual. I liked this story because Kathy's delicacy in writing and tracking is as magic as the flying carpet itself unquote. For today's extra hot sauce I'm going to say that the one Spanish word that I'll never forget is Limpia Para Rhesus. Don't ask me why because I've never had a reason to use it ever since learning it. It means windshield wiper.
11 Trivia Questions on 19 Word Hints for 19 Letter Movies
"All right nineteen letter movies with Nineteen Word Hands. Let's see if you can figure all these out number one crusading reporters Woodward and Bernstein dig through the Merck surrounding President Nixon's misdeeds searching for the truth about Watergate, what is that movie number one number one? And number two, Brosnan settles in for his third outing as double o seven this time with Denise Richards as a hem doctor. Christmas Jones number two Brosnan settles in for his third outing double o seven this time with Denise Richards as a ham doctor Christmas Jones number two. Question number three no twinkies for Woody Harrelson, this time but hordes of undead still to battle in this decade later, Dom Com sequel number three. What is that Zombie Com sequel with Woody Harrelson And number four, a mild-mannered diplomat is stirred to action after his wife is killed in Kenya. After meddling with pharmaceutical companies number four, a mild-mannered diplomat is stirred to action after his wife is killed in Kenya after meddling with pharmaceutical companies number four. And Number Five more rock more Jack Black More Kevin Hart. But still no board games in this sequel to a reboot number five more rock more Jack Blackmore Kevin, Hart. But still no board games in this sequel to remove. Number six the American remake of Seven Samurai with a star studded cast of Charles Bronson Steve McQueen and Horst. Holtz. Number seven the time is just right for an out and out thriller like this reads this best pictures tagline. The time is just right for an out and out thriller like this reads this best pictures tagline tough one number seven. Number Eight, a one, thousand, nine, hundred, four German fantasy films. Title is a bit of a lie and actually wraps up in about one hundred and two minutes Barack. This nineteen eighty-four German fantasy films. Title is a bit of a lie that actually wraps up in about one hundred and two minutes. And number nine the only film within the franchise to Askew Arnold Schwarzenegger though it features a CGI incarnation of his t eight, hundred number nine, the only film without Arnold, but it does have CGI t eight, hundred, number nine. Number ten one can imagine the pitch for this one was toy story with animals and yeah, it made eight hundred and seventy five, million dollars number ten toy story with animals nineteen letters eight, hundred, seventy, five, mil. Andy Bonus for nineteen letter movies number eleven for two points. If you're playing along at home, please recall one, hit wonder deep blue something's classic nineties tune while you find this more classic morning, Meal Movie Classic Morning Meal, Movie Deep Blue Something Classic Nineties, tune those your clues for number eleven.
Celebrities and cocktails
"So nice to see you again interior. It's been a long while I o spend the two years since I left new. York At, busy. So Nice to be you. I will say that I was like, what am I gonNa say I like you from that? I was like Oh everything. You've done is like one of the things that I love the most? Well, I was GONNA. Say. So you recently started a podcast it's called busy Phillips is doing her best showing Thira is a huge part of that podcast. It's very and yeah. So you interview celebrities and people of note, and just talk about how people are pivoting and doing their best. At it is very timely to now you started this podcast before. Well, I feel like we sold it almost a year ago with October of last year you know basically we had a whole idea for a new way of doing things and making stuff and we were working on this really big projects that had a lot of moving parts and we had like our big meeting with all of these money people in New York that was scheduled for March sixteenth. how and that was that you know, and so I we. Timing. Yeah. You know whatever we're I feel very blessed in my life to be a person that's able to have perspective and self-awareness and Ceantierre and I have been talking a little bit during that time also just like we've kept in touch since busy tonight and I always just loved like are writer's room and busy tonight was really small is only three writers which for those of you at home that's slowly insane. Very. Small I think we had more writers doing ashby another. For. Clear they were being paid less. Absolutely. No one was making a ton of money. Why it was so confusing that they cancel because I was like is this show is free. Just crazy. The shoe string that we were managing to do that. You know I feel like was a really successful show at the. But nobody uses the term like indie talkshow nobody that but it really wasn't indeed talk show that's like. We. Definitely should have gotten. Independent Spirit Award. One hundred percent. If we could go back. Let's get some games. We gotta get. Some Games. Can we can I say one more thing though about the podcast Ligo I have a theme song that I sang and Mr Jonathan Coulton wrote the theme song for me to how did you not tell us this? All of our meetings, Jonathan talking about busy and getting ready for this. You'd you felt no need to just mention that I. You know I don't like to Brag. I WANNA tell everybody. I love. Good the full picture. Okay. So you eighty first game, you're going to work together in this one. I know shed Thira cut it knows the drill obviously, but you're gonNA, work together. This one this is a word game So those are typically on the tougher side. It's also about famous people and alcohol. Great things I love, right yeah. Let's go. So my God. In any particular order depending on the day? I'll take either both of them lift my spirits. So, we're going to give you a cocktail recipe that describes a mash up of a cocktail in the name of a celebrity and you are going to give us the Masher. I'm ready heads up I drink a whisky. NEAT. So I don't know if we're going to be the best mix and let's go. Here's your first one. Okay. Mix Rum Curragh CEO, or is that and fresh lime juice and serve it to the super model and new host of dancing with the stars and maybe you'll get a smile out of her. Okay. I know it's Tyra Banks Ray. Rum. My tyra banks, my tyrod. She and yeah, that was. Yeah. Okay, okay You Know My grandmother my dad's mom my parents lived in Hawaii because my dad was in the navy and she used to like to go to the pink hotel and she called them high ties. And not my. High Time? Because after one, she started saying hi. Tie. Another high tide. Instead of tie and so I always call them high tides. Forever, I'm in Hawaii, I'd go to the Pink Hotel and I have one in her honour office.
Been Caught Stealing
"Thankful faults jewelry and fine art. Maybe a casino carefully organized plans by people dressed in black turtlenecks with lots of cool gadgets close calls. What we remember as the daring heist of one of the world's most famous paintings. was really neither of those things. The heist wasn't particularly daring and the theft of Leonardo DAVINCI's Mona Lisa. Wasn't even noticed until well after it had happened. My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. These days the Mona Lisa also called in Italy login Kanda and her famous enigmatic smile hang in a prominent place in the Louvre in Paris. It holds the Guinness World Record for the highest known insurance valuation in History at one, hundred, million dollars in nineteen, sixty two. So. That would be about eight hundred million dollars today. Over six million people go to see it each year. It's so popular that you can't even snap a quick Selfie of it without having a few dozen other strangers, hands, and cell phones in the frame. This popularity certainly wasn't the case when the painting was I hung in the Leuven eighteen o four or for the century subsequent. Neither was popular with critics when the artistic elite who often relegated it to the low end of DAVINCI's work it was basically just another painting. It was so unsocial in fact that it took the better part of twenty four hours before staff even noticed the painting was missing in Nineteen. Eleven. A handyman named Vincenzo Perrugia was working in the museum and he simply waited in a closet until after the museum had closed. Tuck to the painting under his smock walked on out. He was unwittingly aided by a plumber also working in the museum who unlocked a for Peruta when he found himself stuck inside. The police were called and they searched the museum. The only sign they found the Japan Kanda was frame laying on a staircase. Though police did find some twenty one other paintings in the museum. The curator's had previously reported missing. The. Search went citywide then national then international. Ships were searched before they left France or after arriving in their port of call. A reward of over half a million dollars in today's money was offered. The Mona Lisa's picture was printed in newspapers all over the world. It became a of Mona Lisa Mania. The theft of this single painting served a spawn multiple criminal enterprises. People on the wrong side of the law knew that those with more money than morals would want to buy. LEGITIM- Kanda. A pair of confidence men from Belgium hired a small army of forgers to make quality fakes, which they then sold to select around the globe. They made sure their buyers were unlikely to ever meet and rested soundly knowing that no one would let on that they had purchased the most famous stolen painting in the world. Though today, one of them would probably take a selfie with it. The huge reward and the number of fakes in circulation meant the police were inundated with leads. For two years they searched tirelessly. But Fruitlessly The sixty man strong force even interviewed, Peruta Twice. But decided, he couldn't be the criminal mastermind they were looking for. Not only did those two years not yield the Mona Lisa the police didn't even find the forgeries. The head of the Paris police retired in shame. Did, peruse, you get an enormous payday for the stolen painting. People were soon to learn that he didn't steal it for money. When ferruccio approached museum in Florence to sell them the painting, the museum's director called the police instead. After. His arrest Russia's stated. I worked in the Louvre making frames for paintings stolen from Italy by France every day I pass login Kanda and swore I would return it to its rightful home. He seemed convinced he would be heralded as a hero. This was sadly not the case but the Italian courts were sympathetic giving him only a year in prison for the world famous theft. These days legit Kanda sits behind more bulletproof
11 Trivia Questions on Hamilton
"Wants this quarantine. Is Lifted. We'll what happens and we'll see how much all of us can get out there and travel the world. I'm sure that they were all aching to just see something other than the inside of our garage or office or kitchens. So. Here's hoping for that. We're going to jump into these eleven questions on Paris and New York City right now here we go. It's Peres versus New York. Question number one according to the two thousand, twelve centers about how many people live in Paris is at one point five, million, two, point, five, million or five point five, million people number one, one, point, five, two, point five or five point five. Number two what nineteen sixty one, Audrey Hepburn film takes place in New York City number two, what nineteen sixty one audrey hepburn film takes place in New York City number two. Number. Three pairs is often called the city of light because of its role in the age of what number three pairs is often called the city of light because of its role in the age of what? Number four Captain Raymond Holt is a character you could find on what New York Sitcom number four Captain Raymond. Whole is a character. You can find on what New York Sitcom Number Four Number five museum is the setting for the intro of the Davinci code number. Five, what museum is the setting for the Intro of the Da Vinci Code. Number six what arena do the New York jets call home number six what arena do the New York jets call home? Number seven, this famous Irish writer has a tomb in Paris bears a sculpture of a person with wings named the writer number seven. A famous Irish writer has a tomb in Paris with sculpture of a person with wings name the writer. Number eight about how many acres is central park is at three, hundred, twenty, five, four, hundred, seventy, six, six, hundred, Sixty, eight, hundred, and forty acres number eight, those choices again, the acreage of Central Park three, twenty, five, four, seventy, six, sixty, or eight, forty. And number nine and frank. Sinatra's New York New York. He sings I want to wake up in a city that blank blank fill in those two blanks number nine and Frank Sinatra's New York. New York he sings I want to wake up and the city that blank blank. Number ten. What does the French word Mandi translate to English that's M. O. N. d. e. what does the French word Monda? Translate to in English. Andy Bonus for Peres versus New York for two points. There are six replicas of what landmark in Paris. There are six replicas of what landmark in Paris. Those are all your questions, repairs versus new city. We'll be right back in just a second with those us in France answers.
11 Trivia Questions on Spinach
"Right we are replacing spinach in key words in famous titles of books and movies and things like that phrases. Let's see how you do number one Charlie and the Spinach factory number one charlie and the spinach factory number one. Number two, the spinach of wrath number two, the spinach of Wrath. Number three, James and the giant spinach. Number three James and the giant spinach. Number four, a fish called spinach number four, a fish called spinach. Number five signed sealed spinach number five signed sealed spinach. Number six, the hunt for Red Spinach number six, the hunt for Red Spinach. Number seven goodbye yellow brick spinach number seven, goodbye yellow brick spinach. Number eight spinach on the COB number eight spinach on the COB. Number Nine Little Spinach Arkansas number nine. Little Spinach. Arkansas. And Number Ten Toronto Maple Spinach number. Ten Toronto Maple Spinach. And number eleven is a slogan this spinach for you this spinach for you. Those are all your ridiculous questions where he replaced the word spinach hopefully figure all out and they had some fun playing this with your kids or some elderly folks in your life. We'll be right back in just a second with the replace spinach answers. All, right here we go. Guys number one replacing that word spinach with a keyword or vice versa you know what I meant. Here's number one Charlie and the spinach factory was Charlie and the chocolate factory number one charlie and the chocolate factory number two the spinach of wrath was the famous book. The Grapes of Wrath number two, the Grapes of Wrath. Number three James and the giant spinach we replace spinach with Peach James and the giant peach another row book. Number four, a fish called spinach. Just watch this the other night HBO Max. It's Wanda. Fish called. Wanda. Great movie written by British Comedian and actor John cleese. Number five signed sealed spinach is signed sealed delivered. That is a hit song signed sealed delivered. Number six, the hunt for red. Spinach is the hunt for red. October number six although I guess you could maybe be hunting for red spinach it like whole foods or something number seven, goodbye yellow brick spinach was goodbye yellow brick road by Elton John another hit song. Number eight spinach on the COB is a nice easy one corn on the COB instead of corn on the COB, we had spinach in the COB that would be pretty gross number nine little? Spinach Arkansas is Little Rock Arkansas the capital of Arkansas and number ten Toronto Maple Spinach. The Toronto Maple leafs NHL team. For Two points this spinach for you. That was this Bud's for you a slogan from Budweiser and sort of a play on the name of this show Trivia with buds. That was my first sticker ever as a comedian in two thousand six had my my space address on it and it was me pointing on a beer bottle and it said this Bud's for you but it was spelled. With my last name is cheesy as you can imagine.
11 Trivia Questions on Replace Spinach
"All right we are replacing spinach in key words in famous titles of books and movies and things like that phrases. Let's see how you do number one Charlie and the Spinach factory number one charlie and the spinach factory number one. Number two, the spinach of wrath number two, the spinach of Wrath. Number three, James and the giant spinach. Number three James and the giant spinach. Number four, a fish called spinach number four, a fish called spinach. Number five signed sealed spinach number five signed sealed spinach. Number six, the hunt for Red Spinach number six, the hunt for Red Spinach. Number seven goodbye yellow brick spinach number seven, goodbye yellow brick spinach. Number eight spinach on the COB number eight spinach on the COB. Number Nine Little Spinach Arkansas number nine. Little Spinach. Arkansas. And Number Ten Toronto Maple Spinach number. Ten Toronto Maple Spinach. And number eleven is a slogan this spinach for you this spinach for you.
Fun Trivia with Hilary Swank, Andy Richter and Yvette Nicole Brown
"Joining us right now we have Andy Richter and Yvette Nicole Brown hello. Hello, hi Oh vera. Out of the So Hey, you know it's amazing to have you both on and also both of you are really have done. A lot of game shows Andy. You have even done the top echelon of what our listeners love jeopardy celebrity jeopardy I was on twice. Yeah. The second time I was on was part of a celebrity tournament of champions. The winners from that were supposed to come back and we ended up Conan and I were on the tonight show, and then we weren't on the tonight show. then. Went on a tour and the day of the remainder or the next step of the tournament was our opening night of the tour. So I was in. Eugene. Oregon while Isaac Mizrahi filled in for me apparently not my I mean I'm perfectly happy to. Fill in for me. Is If. He made most of his career based on your cancellations. I believe he does exactly exactly my womenswear line I just couldn't finish. Right head. And, Yvette you have been on a loads of game shows. Yeah. What is your favorite game show appearance as a contestant been? Oh Gosh. You're so hard I really love Hollywood game night the Jane Lynch because you never know what game it's going to be I can I can also speak to Hollywood game night they pour the booze down there they do. You. Listen I'm very competitive. So every time I do the show I don't drink because. I nothing makes me happier than winning someone else money, and so I'm there to help those people about how To propose it everybody I'm Michael be tossing back. Whiskey sours and being the reason why? I know Andy. This yes. September thirteenth you are bringing back. The live streaming event from the Sitcom yelled Andy Richter controls the universe. Yes and so what prompted this event? I mean people have been doing this cast reunion table Ridi thing for charity online because you know there's a lot of attention starved people. Get some attention and they tell you get entities that need our help. No, that's secondary. Today virtual reunion of the community cast. Recently when we did it for community, it was from the kindness of our hearts, Andy Richter. All right. All right. Right. You did that in May right we do now do you keep in contact with the your other cast mates? We've always had a group chat or two going I found out during that charity event that Donald Glover wasn't in our current. Routes. Something funny. Happened in. Somebody had some further information about the joke and I said put in the group Jen. Donaldson. Put it into what? Is it the thing nobody would since ever exclude Donald Glover for any other reason besides being respectful of Donald Glover's time We let him know like listen man, you are a lion king. On Somali. Music and stuff. So He's in the group chat. Now at least once a week he goes why did I ask to be here because? We text each other. So I WANNA talk about your new project on audible room room. But let's play a game right and this game is called hooked on lyrics. What we've done is we've asked some kids to read lyrics to popular music that was popular before they were born. They probably have never heard any of these songs before, but we haven't to read the lyrics and your job is just to guests the songs. So we're GONNA start with you in gets aric. My name is Jane. I'm nine years old and I'm from new. York. The faith thousand day use so to ask they had to feel. That future boom boom Ah. Okay. Can I say that I missed most of it because I was I, think oscillating listening to her. Yet black-eyed peas black eyed peas boom boom POW, is the name of the song. Oh Are In anti. This one is for you. This is Jane again, and this time she's got some lyrics from a Nobel prize winning folksinger still laugh about everybody that was hanging out now you don't talk. So out now you don't seem so proud about having to me scratching next meal. That is like a rolling stone by Bob Dylan. Absolutely, correct that's right. I'm pretty sure as a nine year old, she does not have a Bob Dylan poster in her room. Not yet not yet not she's a fan of Nobel Prize winner she might. That's
Do You Have The 411 On 9/11? - It Was A Dystopian Nightmare
"Hello. This is Stephanie and this is Talk Tales and Trivia the show where I talk about enlightening topics about society culture and the topics that affect the world we live in plus some trivia so that you yes, you can stump your family and friends is so interesting and fun. But this topic today this topic right now on this episode is not so much fun because we are coming up upon an anniversary that really truly some Americans wish had never happened and that is the September eleven attacks. This at timber eleven, attacks often referred to as nine eleven. Remember were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group. al-Qaeda? Against the United States on the morning of Tuesday September eleventh two, thousand and one some of you weren't even born but yet it affects all of us to this day. No matter how old we are the attacks resulted in two, thousand, nine, hundred and seventy, seven deaths over twenty, five, thousand injuries and substantial long term health consequences in addition to at least ten billion dollars in infrastructure and property damage. But did you know that nine eleven is the single deadliest terrorist attack and human history and the single deadliest incident for firefighters and law enforcement officers in the history of the United States with three hundred and forty-three firefighters losing their lives and seventy two law enforcement officers losing their lives. Speaking for al Qaeda leader Osama Bin. Laden had said that quote it has become clear that the West and general and America in particular have an unspeakable hatred for Islam. It is the hatred of Crusaders terrorism against America deserves to be praised because it was a response to injustice aimed at forcing America to stop its support for Israel which kills. In. Quote. Even, though that was somewhat an admission of guilt by Osama bin Laden. He stopped short of admitting responsibility for the attacks but. Eventually, he did admit to the attacks. Yes. Shortly before the US presidential election and two thousand and four bin Laden used a taped statement to publicly acknowledge al Qaeda's involvement and the attacks on the United States he admitted his direct links to the attacks and said they were carried out because we are free. And want to regain freedom for our nation. As you undermine our security, we undermine yours bin Laden said, he had personally directed his followers to attack the world trade centers and the Pentagon. The impact of nine eleven extends beyond geopolitics though and into society and culture and. Immediate responses to nine eleven did include greater focus on home life and time spent with family. It really did hire church attendance and increased expressions of patriotism such as flying of the American flag. In the immediate aftermath of the attacks President George W Bush proclaimed Friday September, fourteenth two, thousand, and one as a national day of prayer and remembrance for the victims of the terrorist attacks on September eleventh Patriot Day officially known as National Day of service and remembrance is observed every September eleventh in honor of the individuals who lost their lives as a result of the terrorist attacks on that day Patriot's Day will be on Friday this Friday September, Eleventh Twenty Twenty also I find on Kapadia on the search of Patriots Day. The flag of the United States is flown at half-mast at the White House and on all US government buildings and establishments throughout the world Americans are also encouraged to display flags in an outside their homes as many many due to this day. Remember that Patriot Day is not a federal holiday though okay. Schools and businesses remained open and observance of the occasion and that we will never forget and that America will not be stopped or halted even for one day memorial ceremonies for the two, thousand, nine, hundred, and seventy, seven victims. Are often held, but that does not include a matter of fact at excludes the nineteen hijackers who also perished we do not memorialize them.
"This week from me here getting the problem that has no name. Feminist literature. All right. If we were going to cover just like feminism assure general, we would be here. Forever I'm sure there's already a podcast that that covers that folks I'm sure. So we're not trying to reinvent the wheel here. No. Quick definition. Feminism is a range of social movements, political movements in ideologies that aim to define establish in achieve the political economic, personal and social equality of the sexes. Feminism incorporates the position that society's prioritize the male point of view and that women are treated unjustly within those societies Charles for Ya who is a utopian socialist in French philosopher. He's the one that's credited with having coined the word FEMA KNEES MMA in. Thirty seven. So, modern Western, feminist history is conventionally split into three time periods or waves. So you'll typically hear them referred to as that Each of them has slightly different aims based on the prior progress that was made during the wave before. I wave feminism is the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that was focused on overturning legal inequalities, particularly addressing issues of women's suffrage. Second wave feminism is the nineteen sixty s and nineteen eighties that broaden the debate to include cultural inequalities gender norms in the role of women in society, and then third wave feminism. The nineteen ninety s to the thousands that refers to the diverse strains of feminist activity. So third wavers are see this as a continuation of the second wave in also as a response to the perceived failures out of the way before it. So I guess we're right outside third wave right now I think we're moving into the fourth wave interesting, which can't be defined until after it's passed exactly exactly a you. Hey I know my history man you know what I'm talking about or woman. Watch out I should say I WANNA point out as part of that definition. feminism is not women are better than men no absolutely not and it's still maintains to this day. It's about Equality Ackley. So exactly that's all I wanted to point. For our listeners great segue. Lauren. So seminaries literature, it can be fiction or nonfiction or drama or poetry that supports the feminine schools of establishing, defining and defending equal civil, political, economic, and social rights for women. So we're GONNA. Cover. Ten important feminist. Pieces of. Very excited that everyone should know. Great and we'll go in chronological order for me So the first we're GONNA talk about is a vindication of the rights of woman with strictures on political and moral subjects by. One, craft from seventeen ninety two. So this is one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy it was published in the United Kingdom Mary wollstonecraft responded to th century educational and political theorist who believe that women should not receive a rational education. It was believed at the time that women were too susceptible to sensibility and too fragile to be able to think clearly. So not able to be. The recipient of a rational education. Sure. Sure. Sure. So craft argued that women's education should match their position in society in that they are essential to the nation because they raise its children and could act as respected companions to their husbands then yeah So Wall Street, maintain that women are human beings deserving of the same fundamental rights as men and that treating them as ornaments or property for men undermines the moral foundations, a society which how about that you think You'd think that people any rational person would be like, yeah. That makes sense treat women as human beings. Sure. But the fact that there was such vitriol against this concept is like my to me but it was seventeen, ninety two that was like, yeah. Put it into writing and people are like. Dr. So her work had significant impact on advocates for women's rights in the nineteenth century particularly, the eighteen forty eight Seneca falls convention that produce the Declaration of sentiments which laid out the aims of the suffragette movement. In the United States Mary Wilson Craft her name might be familiar. She is the mother of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. And she actually died eleven days after giving birth to Mary wollstonecraft shelley. So Mary wollstonecraft was like she was this great feminist philosopher great writer, her husband was super. Supportive. And she died in childbirth which. was killed a lot of women. Yeah. Septicemia man because men who were only allowed to be doctors. Refuse to treat women because of all of their naughty bits, nobody washed their hands. Oh Yeah. Nobody we should really point out. Yes. No one wash their hands that probably cost a lot of issues too.
Revenge, Best Served Loud
"With, arguably one of the greatest opening riffs and Classic Rock Barracuda was written by Anna Nancy Wilson together with Guitarist Roger Fisher and Drummer Michael Derosier. It was written at a time when there was friction between the band and their label to put things mildly. The song appears on the album little queen their first album with CBS. Portrait. Records. They'd left their old label mushroom records after a contract dispute and mushroom was none too happy. Because according to mushroom heart owed them a second album. They not only sued the band for breach of contract and try to block the release of the CBS album but released magazine an album made up of songs that Hart had recorded but didn't think we're good enough to release as well as some live recordings needed to get it up to album length. The dispute dragged on and eventually the court decided that heart was free to sign with a new label but mushroom was indeed a second album. So. Heart went back to the studio to rerecord remix edit and re sequence the magazine recordings in a marathon session over four days. A court ordered guard actually stood nearby to make sure the master tapes weren't being erased. Heart eventually came out on top. As not only did the album little queen outsell magazine by a wide margin. The debacle gave the band the distinction of having all three of their albums on the charts at the same time. The court case wasn't the only reason. The Wilson Sisters in company were mad at mushroom records. After the first album became a million seller mushroom took out a full page ad in rolling stone touting the band's success using the headline million to one shot sells a million. No problem so far. The AD looks like the front page of a tabloid newspaper and included a photo from the Dream Boat Anne album cover shoot. The caption read. Hearts Wilson Sisters confess it was only our first time. Implying the sisters had an incestuous lesbian affair. Shortly. After this ad appeared a Detroit radio promoter asked an Wilson where her was. She assumed he meant her then boyfriend band manager Michael Fisher. But when the reporter clarified, he was referring to her sister Nancy and was understandably outraged and retreated to her hotel room to write. When she related the incident to Nancy to was outraged and join an in the writing session, contributing a melody and bridge. Nancy puts suitably angry music to the word to complete the song comparing the sleazy side of the Music Biz to a dangerous ill like fish. The song became an enduring classic and Barracuda remains one of the band's signature songs. Vera Khuda was test to another incident of severe irritation for the Wilson Sisters at. Against in two thousand eight. During that year's presidential campaign the song was used as the unofficial theme song for Republican Vice President Nominee Sarah Palin. The ALASKAN governor had apparently earned the nickname, Sarah? Barracuda as a high school basketball player for her competitive nature. The day after the song was played at the National Convention Anna. Nancy Wilson issued a statement reading. The. Republican campaign did not ask for permission to use the song nor would they have been granted that permission? We have asked the Republican campaign publicly not to use our music. We hope our wishes will be honored. Their wishes were not honored. As the Republican campaign pointed out, they had obtained the proper performance rights to the song from the record label and were under no obligation to get any further permission to use it. The Bar for performance rights being somewhat lower than the bar for commercial or video rights. With no legal recourse. The Wilson Sisters retaliated in the media telling entertainment weekly. Sarah Palin views and values in no way represent us as American women. We. Ask that our Song Barracuda no longer be used to promote her image. The Song Barracuda was written in the late seventy s as a scathing rant against the soloist corporate nature of the music business particularly for women. While, heart did not and would not authorize the use of their song the RNC. There's irony Republican strategists choice to make use of it. They're. The. Songs Co writer Roger Fisher was also anti Palin but he saw things differently telling Reuters. He was thrilled that the song was being used as it was a win win situation. He explained that while heart gets publicity and royalties the Republicans benefit from the ingenious placement of a kick ass. Song. He added that he would use some of the proceeds in a donation to the Obama campaign and thus the Republicans are now supporting Obama. See Kids. There's always a silver lining if we look for it.
National New Hampshire Day with Matt and Emilio Barnard
"So each week, one of my podcast friends challenged me to find an episode related to one of those days and I'll be releasing it on the actual date occurs. So let's get to it. What is today's National Day? Hey Paul Matt. NFL. Bernard here we just got back from an awesome week into Hampshire Estate Near and dear to our hearts I'll there and my grandparents still live there. But neither of US are New Hampshire natives we have questions where in the PODCAST universe can we turn to learn more about the Grad State? Well Matin Amelio you've come to the right place but before I give a recommendation I'm going to give a little back story to everyone. When I started this podcast I decide that my guess would be podcasters not just people in the podcast. Matinee have been running mates since very early on going to last two podcasts movements together. But. He didn't have a podcast. So I never asked him to be a guest. Did Matt Start as podcasts just to be a guest on my show, the answer would be revealed later but let's talk about living free or dying I or at least pumpkins. Today. September seventh is national. New Hampshire. Day. I think a great place to start finding podcasts about New Hampshire is the outside in podcast which is made by new. Hampshire public. Radio. Now. It's not exclusively about things from New Hampshire but there are obviously New Hampshire base stories like this one. This episode talks about the Guinness Book of Records Event Were Keen New Hampshire holds a US record for most Jack Lantern in one place at one time. The town held an annual festival and everyone loved it. But as it got bigger and bigger so did the problems I mean if you've got over four thousand pumpkins around that can't be safe right? quaint was no longer the operative word. To find out what happened give it a listen, and let me know what you think by using the National New Hampshire Day Hashtag. Today's guests floral are Matin Amelia Barnard. As I mentioned Matt never had a podcast but due to the pandemic he decide to have some fun with his son with their free extra time and the Barnard's on the NBA podcast was born. In each episode Matinee, choose to colleges with well-known basketball programs and compare their famous alumni to see which school would come out on top. Many years ago I was a big college basketball fan and I still go to the big east championship every year when a pandemic isn't raging I also went to two final four tournaments many years ago. One. was in Atlanta and the other was in New Orleans, of course. So listening to this podcast gives some great of those times. For the episode I'm recommending it's the mismatch between Ucla and Oregon State. Since nothing is free in this world, I'm going to request that Matt and Amelia do an episode pitting Villanova and ruckers against each other. Short seems a little one-sided, but don't sleep on Rucker's there who history has some highlights amidst a lot of lowlights. For. Last recommendation, Matin Amelia recommend the Hollinger and Dunkin NBA show is debating the NBA's best they say and I quote.
1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens
"So my episode today. is about the nineteen eighty Mount Saint Helens eruption. So now, we weren't alive then even though we were not alive, then it was you know years until Jillian. Many years. Until we were born. We are in our. Mid Twenty. S. So we're very youthful. Yeah. We say what's a CD or whatever I don't know anything I couldn't even pretend to be a teenager because I have no idea went technology. Don T TIKTOK ON THE TIKTOK You know on the TIKTOK so. Nineteen Eighty Mount Saint Helens eruption has a lot of parallels to what's going on in the world today, but it's an interesting story. So to to start with for our non US friends and Non West Coast friends, I didn't know the details about this when I started researching it but Mount Saint Helen's which is known as a lot lot to the indigenous lets people and Lou wit. Luella cloud to the click a tat is an active stretch of Okano located in. Skamania. County. Washington in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States I. Apologize to the Washingtonians. If I pronounced Skamania county your Skamania county incorrectly. I'm sure I will get an email about this. Fifty miles eighty kilometers northeast of Portland Oregon Ninety, six miles or one hundred and fifty four kilometers south of Seattle Washington. So to get a sense of where Mount Saint Helen's is. If you're thinking of both Washington state and Oregon is roughly like. Square ish rectangular ish in shape with Washington, in the north and Oregon just below. Mount Saint Helen's is in the lower left quadrant of Washington state near the border of Oregon. and. She's roughly halfway between Portland, and the Portland Oregon and Olympia Washington, which is the Washington state capital. Okay. also relevant northeast of Mount. Saint Helen's is what's called Spirit Lake. And there's a bunch of little rivers and creeks in that area just due to like the geology of the area but almost directly north of the mountain is the north fork toodle river. River toodle or Poudel T. O. U. T.. L. E. Title River. So. Also? Mount Saint. Helen's takes its English name from the British diplomats. Lowered Saint Helen's is a friend of explorer George Vancouver who made a survey of the area in the late eighteenth century The volcano is located in the cascade range is part of the cascade volcanic arc, which is a segment of the Pacific Ring of fire that includes over one hundred and sixty active volcanoes and for the record before the explosion mount. Saint, Helen's stood at nine, thousand, six, hundred and eighty feet high. So. They knew it was part of the ring of the ring of Fire Okay Yeah Yeah So. They knew as part of the ring of fire. It had experienced some activity throughout recorded history but it. It remained dormant basically from its last period of activity in the eighteen, Forty S and eighteen fifties. So by one thousand, nine hundred had been more than one hundred years before there was any like really significant activity that includes ash like little burps and like any kind of flow or anything like that. So. At this point people were pretty complacent thinking nothing's going to happen anytime soon it's fine like it's a dormant volcano for all intents and purposes until we get to the spring of nineteen eighty. Okay. So, there were several small earthquakes beginning on March fifteenth of that year indicating that magma may have begun moving below the volcano also just as an f. y. we talked about natural disasters on episode sixty one which was called here I am rock. You like a hurricane I talked a little bit about that about volcanoes in that episode. So if you want to refresh your memory about the basics of what's in a volcano check that out episode sixty one, it's very good. Thank you. So on March Twentieth Three Forty Five PM Pacific Standard Time, which everything will be NPS T. Shallow magnitude four point two earthquake centered below the volcano's north flank signal the volcanoes return from one hundred, twenty three years of hibernation. A gradually building earthquake swarm saturated area seismographs, and started to climax at about noon on March twenty fifth reaching peak levels in the next two days including an earthquake registering five point one on the Richter scale. A total of one hundred and seventy four shocks of magnitude. Two point six greater were recorded during those two days. That's a lot. Yeah. So geologists in that area are like look is no not a great sign. Initially. There was no direct sign of eruption but small earthquake induced avalanches of snow and ice were reported from aerial observations. So this mountain is shaking and you know stuff is falling off. It's not it's not nothing. At twelve thirty, six PM on March twenty seventh phreatic eruptions which are explosions of steam caused by magma suddenly heating groundwater. So that's like a quick like spur. Of, like Ash and Steam K ejected and smashed rock from within the old summit crater. Excavating a new crater, two, hundred and fifty feet wide. And sending an ass column about seven thousand feet into the air. So you yeah, knock. Great. So by this date along, east trending fracture system had also developed across the summit area. So there's cracks forming in the summit. This was followed by more earthquake swarms in a series of explosions that said ash even higher above there. And most of this ash fell between three and twelve miles from its fendt. But some was carried hundred fifty miles south to bend Oregon or two hundred and eighty five miles east to spokane Washington. So the ash went pretty far and those who were like what the What is happening here? So? then. A second new crater and a blue flame were observed on March twenty ninth.
Never Be Royals
"It has been the habit of kings throughout the world to hire tasters to test their food on the off chance. Some oppressed masses poisoned it. But Henry, the eighth cast, a wider net with his paranoia. He wanted to be certain. No one was going to poison him transdermal either meaning through the skin. He ordered that every morning, the servant, the WHO changed the kings sheets had to kiss every part of the sheets, pillows and blankets they had touched to prove they hadn't smeared poison on them. They also had to test for poison on the cushion of his son. Edwards Chamber Pot. Though the historic record doesn't say how? My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. The term mad king re entered the common lexicon a few years back. Thanks to George R. Martin's Song of ice and fire books. We'd have more than enough examples from Europe alone to choose from. George. The third born in Seventeen thirty eight was the English king who lost the American colonies. Though anti-monarchists would record stories of bizarre behavior like George Mistaking and trees for Frederick the Great? The king really did have mental health problems that manifested themselves in different periods of his life. During these times, he suffered from insomnia and talked incessant nonsense for hours. It was not uncommon for a single sentence to contain four hundred words. It has long been suspected that King George suffered from Porfirio. A genetic metabolic disorder that causes depression hallucinations, constipation, purple urine, and severe abdominal pain. However, as will come up frequently today new evidence in theories undermined that original thinking. One of the medicines that king was treated with was Gentian. This plant with its deep blue flowers is still used today as a mild tonic that may turn the urine blue. His incessant liquidity as it was called and his habit of talking until foam ran from his mouth are features that can be seen today in patients with extreme cases of mania from psychiatric illnesses such as bipolar disorder. Besides benign sounding herbal treatments, King George would be restrained in a chair with iron straps for hours. He was also bled forced to vomit and starved suffering under the humour old or four humors school, of medicine. A recent study based on the examination of King. George's hair shows high levels of arsenic administered to him as part of the cure, but would have served to only worsen his symptoms. In the last ten years of his life, his son and Heir George, the fourth served as regent. Fans of the show blackadder will remember George the fourth brilliantly portrayed by Hugh Laurie opposite the Tischler, Rowan Atkinson character. A somewhat annoying little side note when the play the madness of George the third was made into a film. In nineteen, ninety four, the title was changed to the madness of King George. Why for fear that American audiences would think it was a sequel and wouldn't go to see it because they hadn't seen the first two. When your business is running countries and even whole empires you WanNa keep that in the family and the best way to ensure that is to make sure everybody marries somebody there already related to. When you say it like that, it doesn't sound like such a good plan. But that was how royal houses conducted themselves for centuries to ensure they retained their fortunes in the days before even a basic understanding of genetics. When close relatives reproduce, it increases their offspring's chances of being affected by. Recessive traits for all kinds of physical and cognitive disabilities, including things like hemophilia and cystic fibrosis, as well as deformities like the Habsburg jaw. These incestuous pairings also run a greater risk of reduced fertility higher infant mortality, congenital birth defects, certain kinds of cancer suppressed immune systems, and overall smaller adult size. A condition referred to as pedigree collapse. Some royal families kept things closer-knit than others. Maria I of Portugal married her father's younger brother Pedro when she was twenty six and he was forty three. Their son and Heir Joseph married his aunt Maria Sister Benedetta. Therefore, Pedro's daughter-in-law sister