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Welcome to Shondaland
"Tonight. We're talking about shonda rhimes. Who is like she's a total boss. Queen television absolutely all right so first. We'll talk a little bit about shonda. So shonda rhimes was born in chicago. Illinois in january nineteen seventy. She was the youngest of six children. Her mother vero was a college professor and her father. Eilly was a university administrator. And she'd said that she exhibited an early affinity for storytelling early on in her life. She attended marin catholic high school and served as a hospital volunteer which inspired an interest in hospital environments. She majored in english. And film studies at dartmouth college and she graduated in nineteen ninety-one at dartmouth the black underground theatre association. She divided her time between directing and performing in student productions and also writing fiction and after college. She moved to san francisco and worked in advertising but she moved to los angeles a little bit after that to stubby screening at the university of southern california. She was ranked top of her class at usc. And she earned the gary rosenberg writing fellowship. She obtained a master of fine arts degree from the. Us's school of cinematic arts. And while at usc rimes was hired as an intern by debra martin chase who was prominent black producer she also worked at denzel washington's company monday entertainment so after she graduated rimes was actually an unemployed script writer in hollywood and to make ends meet. She worked various jobs including as an office administrator. And then a counselor at a job center during this period rhymes worked as a research director documentary. Hank aaron chasing the dream which won the nineteen ninety-five peabody award. One thousand nine hundred. Eighty eight rhymes made a short film called blossoms. Unveils which starred. Jada pinkett smith and jeffrey rate. This is actually only credit as a film director. So that's nineteen ninety eight short film blossoms unveils new line cinema purchased a feature. Script of hers It ended up not being produced at that time but she received an assignment shortly thereafter to co write the hbo movie introducing dorothy dandridge in nineteen ninety nine which earned numerous awards further star. Halle berry. get out. I didn't realize that she colorado so interesting. Oh wait till you hear the the plethora of things that she's worked on. Oh no after grad school rhymes sold her first screenplay called human seeking same about an older black woman looking for love in the personal ads. And that film wasn't produced. But you have heard of her next project in two thousand and one rhymes wrote the debut film of pop singer. Britney spears the starring zoe saldana and taryn. Manning crossroads everybody. I didn't know that she wrote that. Get out up saying. I feel like it's been really it was really panned by the next but maybe for them. Okay no sometimes. It's it's sometimes you just want a nice story about friendship road trimming going on a road trip and having a nice time and may be hitting up a karaoke joint. Heck yeah and singing. I love rock and roll. That's all i'm saying is that maybe it's for them. I think lauren has actually seen crossroads. I have felt you know. She wrote that and then the next thing that she worked on in two thousand four was the sequel to the princess. Diaries called the princess diaries. Two royal engagement. Get out. yeah. I didn't realize that she was so like a dummy. I just assumed like shonda rhimes right out. The gate was grey's anatomy but apparently she was introduced are obsolete reduce. So she's working on all these film things in two thousand three. She actually wrote her first tv pilot. Abc it was about young female war correspondents but the network. Turn it down. You know what they didn't turn down ask project. So here's where sean hillen comes in sean. Billion is the name of rhymes production company shine million and its logo also referred to the shows that she has produced an also to rimes herself. So when we say shaun d land. It's like interchangeably sean. And her production company. Yeah and like the. Because i do remember like i think it was. Abc or nbc. I forgot what what channel she's on but it was. They were like girl a sorry But it was like thursday nights. Is sean the land. Because it was like it was like back to back to back to back shadowland shows. We'll talk about that. You have a basically they. They tried to rebrand thursdays. Like tgi. T thank goodness thursday because that its native shot in the land. I mean people are gonna watch no matter what they didn't need to need hype it up so The name shawn lane was stylized as capital s shonda capital l. Land one word from two thousand five to two thousand sixteen but since two thousand sixteen is all stylize lower case everything is lower case. It's always very recognizable font so you might often see in print as actually all lower case letters.
"Plastic the material of a thousand uses the blessing and curse of our modern world. All the conveniences you could wish for was udalls of monkey's paw style consequences substances that could be classified as plastics have been in use for thousands of years from rubber balls made from tree sap in central america to the protective coating shellac which is made from the secretions of the lack beetle. They did their jobs. But you know not great. The raw materials were usually difficult to obtain or process which meant they were expensive so the products made from them were rare and only accessible to a select few tended to have short useful lives or were susceptible to temperature changes and humidity the industrial revolution. You may have heard of it. It was in all the papers created huge demand for new materials both natural and synthetic like celluloid made from plant cellulose and camphor and galileo if made of milk protein and formaldehyde then along came belgian chemist leo bake land in nineteen o seven bake land. Already had a wildly successful product under his belt the first fiber based photographic paper and he was on a mission to create a replacement for shellac. Shellac requires going to the trees where swarms of little red lack beatles are laying eggs and sucking sap until they burst. I'm barely being hyperbolic here. Indigenous people call it the feast of death as the beatles. Excrete the leavings of the sap. It forms a coating over the entire swarm which is scraped up bugs and all and taken for refining in addition to obvious things like woodworking. Shellac is also used even in the modern day in candy making so my vegan kosher and halal friends. Beware in bacon attempt to improve upon nature. He heated a mixture of formaldehyde and phenyle or coal tar a waste product which will appear in the script later rather than making a lacquer he inadvertently created a polymer that didn't melt under heat and stress. He applied for a patent for his new compound. Poly oxy benzyl methyl and glide colon hydride and yes. I got that in one take not i take but still one take that counts or your voice over services today at moxie bouche dot com bake bacon. Humbly named this new product bake lite. This new thermo setting plastic went like a house on fire. It could be and was used for everything from phones to dinner plates to toys to jewelry it was also a boon to the emerging on and electrical industries because it was an effective insulator apart from being the first proper modern plastic it is also the first synthetic material to lean into being a synthetic material rather than trying to look or act like a natural product it was lightweight durable and could be molded into nearly any shape. You could think of in nearly any color or pattern you wanted. It also looked sleek and modern the apple aesthetic of its day bake lite introduced plastics to the fashion world to be followed by nylon polyester spandex. Send more these. Plastics have inspired fashion designers to do more with less more choices creativity and durability with less material. wait wrinkles and expense
Kyra Sedgwick: Empty Nest, Barn Full Of Goats
"Our first. Two guests are writers for late. Night with seth meyers and you may know them from other places. Ben warheit played an awful wall street. Guy in the joaquin. Phoenix movie joker. Jeff rate is known for making hilarious online video sketches where he plays all the characters ben. Jeff hello go Jeff you make all these amazing videos on tiktok and instagram i. I don't know how many you've made over the years. I don't know if you keep track i. I've made a lot of videos and a lot of bad videos. Only post the good stuff. Only really. there's there is a a pile a pile of all. That's the real talent. I think knowing what not to post the talent. That's a good point Better that way before you entered obviously the writing for late nine. You're you're creating tons of content still in videos that you were in school. You're majored in neuroscience. Yeah yeah that's yeah. I i did like doing the research and but i found research to be really slow ultimately in a lab. And you're like asking one very very specific question that take several years to get a possible. Answer yeah in addition to having a background in science you also act. Including what am i ve favorite films because i found it. So chilling joker. Yeah favorite experience. Why was it your favorite. I felt like working on that. I was just learning a lot very very quickly. Like for instance. I wasn't supposed to be doing the stunt where i got killed spoiler alert. There was supposed to be a stunt double who got shot and falls and like it is falling on the concrete and crawling and blah. 'cause that's technically stunt. The stunt double shows up to set and he's wearing a different suit than i am and i think technically like you know they didn't know how they would. Maybe they would have to delay day or something like that That's huge amounts of money and inconvenience like you ruin the suits work. There was like a custom sued so it wasn't like they could just like men's warehouse. I was like i can do. This can fall and you know. Do the stunt. I was a child gymnast. Like i know how to do that stuff. Okay yeah i can feel. I just tested this day. I can still do it. Yeah okay then we just try doing. I'm running away from joaquin. And he's firing a gun at me. And i'm like they decided on the day of the like maybe you've already been shot in the like but once and what does that look like. I haven't liked prepped. Running with a bullet in my. But let's try try it and then after after walking comes in like empties the gun into the back of me and runs up the stairs and jed quiet. They'll be they'd yell cut. And then i'd get up and then me and todd and joaquin would go watch playback and be like we'll how did that look that look right. I don't think that's how you'd run if you had a bullet and you're like no i do. That's exactly how it is. And i and i was just felt like i was learning so lightning vast ultimately at the end of it. I felt like it really paid off. And like after i wrapped walking pulled me aside and said some really nice things to me. That was very encouraging awesome. He said hey man. I like the way you like it. I would like to offer you ten thousand dollars to shoot you for real sometime. All right we have a couple of great games for you. Are you ready. Ready to dive into some games. Jack ass excellent so. This first game is called real or fake hallmark original movie. We'll describe the plot of a made for tv hallmark original movie. And you just tell us if it's a real movie that actually exists or a fake one that we just made up all right. Jeff chasing leprechauns won. An american company. Wants to build a smelting plant outside as small. Irish village troubleshooter michael. Garrett is dispatched to help. He soon learns. The land is protected to ensure the safety of the leprechauns who were believed to live there. Enter sarah kavanagh a local pixie expert. Who teaches him about the mystical traditions of ireland and also about love. I've seen that on disney channel. That's a real movie. you see it. Yeah that's a real one actually seen that movie. I don't know if i've seen that movie. But i've seen two movies. That have best guys. I got it right all right then. Here's your here's your chance. All in having trouble paying her college. Tuition beth nolan gets a part time job at the casino and befriends dealer maureen who works there to pay off her. No good ex husband earls debts. Maureen teaches beth poker and when beth enters the world of competitive poker-playing she finds herself at the state championships up against none other than earl and the stakes are all in. It sounds good to me like i. It sounds honestly. It sounds airtight. Like but but you know. I'm an airtight. Maybe i'm playing the odds here. A little bit like maybe. Maybe i think in hallmark movies. They're not gonna take time to
Bob The Drag Queen And Camila Mendes, We're Here To Play Games!
"I am so excited to be joined by two of my favorite comics. I haven't been able to see them in person for a longtime but here. We are joined together through wi fi. Laurie kilmartin and aaron jackson. Hello hey we have all not done a live show. I assume you've not done a live show through this whole thing because there has been none but you never know. Do you miss stand up or are you happy for the break. I definitely miss it. I have done one show. It was back in the pickup truck. Oh yeah arrive in shows. It was i mean any other time in my career. We would have called that a hell gig. I was excited to be there. It was like me judy goal. Of course we were like but the whole time we were like that was amazing. Oh my goodness that was flashing white. Laughter couldn't see people still amazing wound literally on the back of a pickup truck. Oh yeah on the bed of a pickup truck in front of a diner in queens and do they put like a stool up there with a bottled water. There was a mike stand. I don't know if there was still did you. How was your memory of your sach. I mean i was rusty. But i was like. It's your fault for coming to the first comedy show which began laureate. Do miss doing stand up or you. Happy for the break i do that. I've been to mean a all may stand up shows in my bedroom on. Yeah and i constantly have to worry that. I didn't lock the door and family members going to barge in asking nita jar or or whatever i had to drive out which is when you walk. You walk through. I was like what. Are you doing more devastating. When somebody put their car in reverse during show. So laurie aaron. We have a game for you. Sound good read excellent so as you know. Fully artists are the people who create the sounds. We hear in film and television. So this audio quizzes called foley moly play a movie sound effect and you are going to guess how the sound was actually made. But don't worry. This is multiple choice. So you'll have some thing to choose from and you're going to be competing against each other so we're going to go back and forth Starting with aaron okay. Okay all right. This is godzilla from nine thousand nine hundred fifty four. Well that was weird. That was a weird one. Okay how was that sound created was it created a breathing through a scuba divers mask be rubbing a leather gloves coated in pine tar resin against the strings of a double bass or see withholding coffee from a mother of four. Well i mean. I'm sure it's probably two of those definitely. Sounds like coffee with your. I don't remember. Hey so i am going to say the pine tar and the base absolutely. That is correct. Any answer that contains the word resin is the right answer was no other byzantine and the sound designers for the two thousand and fourteen version. Say the roar differently. They captured sounds at frequencies that humans can't hear and pitched them down in the studio so they sound like they're fine. This is for you lori. This army chant is from the second lord of the rings movie the two towers. What are we really hearing there. Is it a twenty five thousand spectators at a cricket match be the crowd at a special promotional lord of the rings inspired pro wrestling match or c sixty five hundred angry fans at comecon. Who just learned that. Ben affleck was cast as batman and or not audio from assume comedy show. I mean the most successful one. We agree that would be the most successful i. I'm going to pick a match. Yes yes that is correct. It was a peter. Jackson ran onto the field well. A cricket match was happening. i'm pro. He probably waited for breaking the action and taught the crowd the
"Pandemic" Pet Adoption - Always Great No Matter When It Happens
"I was in a new apartment in a new city after just having broken up with a partner of ten years. I didn't leave my home. I had very little outside contact with anybody. Virtual or otherwise. I was all alone for the first time a very long time. I became even more introvert than i'd ever been before. Feeling sadness sorrow and kind of use on a daily basis. Let me just say that. I am inherently a cat person. But i was compelled to do everything the opposite way of. How about my life up until that point. The all quote. Nothing is working this way. So i'll do it the opposite and see what happens. It can't get much worse in quote. That was my line and my way of thinking at that time. We'll in october of two thousand eighteen. My precious cat when he had just passed away. It was very sad. And so i thought briefly about waiting on getting another pet altogether. Maybe i'll just wait. It was just so painful to imagine going through the worry and commitment. And plus i had just start to travel a little bit more but somehow i didn't dismiss it as the weeks went by. I saw an ad on pet finder dot com for a dog named frank and the ad it stayed that frank was quote body sensitive in quote in other words he was a biter. But guess what that did not deter me. As i read the ad i learnt that he had been in a few bad homes been rejected and returned to the shelter. But the ad also said that wants the bonding phase was established. He'd be a companion for life. I was intrigued as ended up. I wouldn't be all alone for the rest of my life. Like i thought i would. Happy ending for franken me for sure. But here's another pet story. That's just as cool on. Us news and world report. I found this doctor. Liz dare a family medicine. Physician in western massachusetts had wanted to adopt a dog but she hadn't quite found the right time to do it with work travel and other commitments. They're just never seemed to be a great time to adopt a pet and her two cats kept her company. Well enough with fewer knees dog. And isn't that the truth. But in mid-march the world changed when the coronavirus pandemic was declared overnight workplaces closed and like many other people. Liz began working from home. A lot offering visits with patients. Virtually from their homes. Having a dog would help stave off some of the isolation that accompanied the radical change and it is radical in lifestyle so many of us have had to cope with since the coronavirus pandemic began. She says i'm single. And i live by myself so it felt like a really right time for me. Well according to its july seventeenth twenty twenty covid nineteen impact report. The number of dogs and cat adoptions. Were actually down. Twenty seven percent when compared to the same time period a year ago. but foster's were up nine percent. Many states have seen a significant decline in the number of animals. Entering the shelters as volunteers observed stay at home orders but the increase and fosters suggests that more people are willing to take on sick or older pets that might otherwise not have found a safe home to call their own for any period of time because this is an ever changing situation and each shelter faces unique challenges adoption and fostering statistics will vary at any given time. It's so obvious. But there's no doubt that the response from community residents across the nation to support their local shelters by fostering vulnerable animals has been enormous and unprecedented. And isn't that the coolest thing well for liz. The rush to adopt meant. She had to be patient to find her pandemic pet orla name eventually. She connected with a shelter and connecticut right here where i am that brings dogs up from the southern united states. So that's how. She found sophie a two year. Old thirty pound terrier boxer mix. She's chestnut brown with white around her face and white paws and she's got spots running down her chest. She sounds adorable and she is and sweet and she's a very low key dog. I needed to find a dog. She says that was going to get along well with my two cats and as it turns out. Sophia's very good around the cats. Who are still a little freaked out by her. Well let me just tell. This story has a great ending to. She brought sophie home of month ago. They're still adjusting to the new routine. She's totally fallen in love with this dog. So after those two stories. My story about frank and liz's story about sophie. Do you even need to hear the bullet point benefits for adopting a pet. No well here. They are anyway well. They offer companionship. We know that this is important. If like myself you live alone before. I adopted frank who is a dachshund maltese mixed breed. I had no one to look forward to seeing no one to share my love with and no one that needed me and there is something to be said about the human to dog touch. That feels so good. Well provides a purpose to the sense of purpose. Everybody needs pet. Ownership is an important responsibility and one that can be a powerful antidote to depression and anxiety. There are more opportunities for exercise to well this time to walk. Frank during the lockdown played an important role in my wellbeing and his two dogs need to be walked and katz needs to be played with and there is no doubt that these activities with your pet is crucial to your physical wellbeing. as well. as there's getting dose of fresh air is important for both of you. Also it provides a reason to go outside smelled air and be alone with your thoughts. That's right. I said alone because when you're outside there's so much to see and you're using all your senses of very good thing and there's good medical news two that's right. Having a pet can reduce blood pressure the center for disease control and prevention the cdc reports that pet ownership can be a key to reducing stress cholesterol and triglycerides levels. All things that we need to do to be healthy and you know what there doesn't even have to be at pandemic for you to adopt a pet but you can't anyway. It's a good excuse if you need one. If you need a laugh live alone. Want to potentially meet other like-minded pet owners be more peaceful and happier and calmer. This is something to really consider. I know you know this. It's not only you but that furry pet that just may need you as much as you need them. Still a cat person. But i adore my frankie.
188 Youve Got Great Taste
"Ooh misinformation trivia. Podcast for ladies and gents who have cooled trivia and sticking it to known teams at pub quiz. We're hosts i'm lauren on. I don't realize. I know what i'm doing right now but dali party. Yeah yeah you're doing like an anti get your gun situation. You're in you're in a mood like a contrary move food. Well i don't know you off too much. This is this. I can't make much of a transition here from from any. Get your julia. But i will say that. We have been getting a lot of very nice feedback from my sense is episode from my episode about hearing yes especially from scientists which is extremely gratifying. And in fact one of our one of our listeners is going to be providing some extra information about like neurology in the sense and that kind of thing. So he's been out for that in the future so i decided you know. What if it ain't broke. Don't fix it. you know what i'm saying. So today his an episode. I'm calling you've got great taste delightful. Yes so an episode all about taste and the gusta tori system which sounds appetizing. But anyway your whole just as just as an fyi.
41. Why Are We So Attracted to Fame?
"What a wonderful parallels fame really is like. And i think there's another parallel or paradox. Which is the famous a thing. That i think most people at some point in their lives thought would be wonderful and that many people once they actually get i think of it is like the chilli cheese french fry of foods. You see the picture and it looks amazing. And you order. And it's way too much you would have been much happier with regular french fries. But now you're stuck with the chilli cheese franchise. So that's what i think famous for a lot of people but i do have a very tiny and i will say lovely level of niche fame. And one reason it's weird and nicci is it's non visual because i write and i do radio i can go out places and no one sees your face and says oh my. Gosh that's tom. Hanks tom hanks there's a lot of things you can't do a lot of places you can't go at first it. Superfund and may be intoxicating. Even famous been called the poison. Chalice this idea that you take a sip and it's unbelievably delicious and intoxicating. But the more you have the worse it is so. I do think that a lotta people look at it from afar and think it will be wonderful but those who actually achieve at realize that it comes with a lot of costs any time i would ever write about a person who even a little bit famous every single one of them had least one very dangerous stalker. I'm sure there are plenty of people who have stalkers. Who aren't famous. But i don't think there are many famous people who don't have some stalkers. And so when you think about the upsides and downsides or the costs and benefits of anything. I do think more people now recognize that. There are a lot of costs to fame than they used to write. When princess diana died. That made very clear that there are cost to fame so my most recent brush with actual fame came several years ago. Our first book economics came out and then as we were working on the second book there was a movie being made. It was a documentary film. So it wasn't a big big movie but when it came out a few years later all of a sudden i was being recognized. Like if i'd go to an airport between entering the airpor- and getting off the plane at my destination. I'd have like five people say to me. Oh are you that guy who blah blah blah. They might know my name. They might not afraid economics sky and that was only the people who would say it. And i was very uncomfortable and so i did. What i thought was a sensible thing which i grew my hair out. I grew my beard out. And i got different glasses that solve the problem pretty easily. It's hard for me to believe that some people really enjoy being walked up to in public by a stranger and say hey. You're that person about whom. I know very little but i feel like i know everything and i know that you don't know me at all but i have a feeling that somehow we connect on a deep level. It's a strange dynamic. That people miss assess from top to bottom okay. This is happened to me occasionally. Not every day and certainly not one. I'm quarantine during the pandemic. But i don't know what my reaction is but it's not strongly versus so someone says like. Hey aren't you that grit lady. There is sometimes a little bit of awkwardness verse. You have to say like yes. I am but i don't have a negative reaction and then to your point about they're having this feeling of intimacy. There's this research hasn't even been published yet. A new shah at chicago booth as a professor key would disclose things about himself. He starts off his zoom delivered class and he shares details from his life. It's not unlike being an author who writes about their story and then suddenly people that you may not know their story. They know yours. So i think that's kind of the asymmetry that you're getting the actually said if this little tidbit from my own personal life is somehow getting my students to feel like i must know tidbits about their personal life. Maybe we can use that to advantage. So now he's doing these behavior change interventions based on that but basically i feel like it's quite endearing and lovely sense that someone feels like they know you because you wrote about yourself and they almost feel like you must know a little bit about them too because they have that intimacy right. I felt exactly the way you were describing. Now i felt that way when i was playing music and yeah it's definitely enjoyable and fun and flattering and ego boosting all those things when you're getting praise or attention for doing the thing that you love to do that you're passionate about and so on but then i think especially now it doesn't take very long for that to become chili cheese fries to go a little bit too far in the next direction. That's the tricky part is almost everybody likes having some but very few people would genuinely enjoy having a lot of it. There is an economist colin. Camerer although he's much more than just an economist now because he kind of trained himself up to be a neuroscientist very brilliant guy. Nobody can define what key is now. Because he's just too cool. I remember once. I was talking with him. I don't know why we got on this topic. And he said something. I thought was so clever and i've thought about every since he said local fame kind of perfect and i said what do you mean by that. I said well you know. Just in your cohort being known for being really good or accomplished even lucky at something said this is why companies after all these years. Still put up that employee of the month poster. That is a perfect level. All the benefits none of the costs exactly right a lot of people write to us for this show about people rate for freakonomics and freakonomics radio. And those are lovely. I don't get to respond to them all the time. But it's a great feeling when people tell you that. Hey the thing that you do. I really like it a lot. And i admire. You appreciate you for no question. That is awesome but once it crosses over into lake before the pandemic is eating dinner with my family in a restaurant and we have these people in stable over. Come over and say excuse me i recognize your voice and i just wanted to ask you about this episode and this episode of so. How did that make you feel terrible. Oh you didn't like that. I did not. I guess this is one way in which you and i are. Maybe a little bit different. So i think i get that but i don't know i was thinking about celebrity recently because audrey hepburn who. I never met by who. If i ever could mets. I would think i would have just fainted from fandom. I was listening to this. Song called audrey. Do you know about the story of audrey. The song and dave brubeck the jazz musician. Please tell so. There is a now deceased jazz musician. Who was a little bit obsessed with audrey hepburn. It's actually not dave brubeck. It was a saxophonist in the david. Brubeck cortex as paul desmond. Yes yes and when audrey hepburn was in new york. She's an actress in a play. There would be a time where he would be his set which she would be finishing the play and then going home in a car and he would always ask to have the rake for their quartet at a time where he could go and stand in the alley and just watch her for a few seconds. Walk out the stage door and climb into her limo now. That sounds horrible. But here's the thing you didn't do anything terrible. In fact he wrote this song. It's like lyricism and he called it audrey. He never sent it to her. He died of lung cancer. I don't he had ever met audrey hepburn. He never even assume that she had ever heard the song now when she died. Which was quite a bit later. Audrey hepburn's ex husband called david brubeck to ask the quartet would play audrey at the memorial service. So i guess
The Story of Auld Lang Syne
"Well when this time of year rolls around you probably will hear one song and one song in particular seemingly over and over again. Quick note here. I was listening to my christmas traditional songs. And i kept hearing it. But what song am i talking about. Well i just told you old. Elaine sign it does have a rather big nostalgia meaning to it and along with it here in the united states. A bit of sadness and usually marks an emotional scene or we action. The song. old lang sign was originally written in scottish. When taken apart and put back together again. An- actually means old long sense and is translated yet again to mean all times sake or for the sake of old times this song that is mostly sung and means the emotional conclusion to another year. And don't we need that. It also means that one must remember people from their past and raise a toast to them. Originally it was written many many years ago as a scottish celebration song. Old lang zayn is actually a scottish language. Written by robert burns in seventeen eighty eight and set to the tune of a traditional folk song. But did you know that. In the netherlands. It is a soccer anthem and in japan. It is a song about firefly's and and south korea. It was the national anthem until nineteen forty eight. It is known as being easily adaptable and mostly all musical styles. That is why it is so cool but at its core it is well known and many countries especially in the english speaking world. It's traditional use. Being to bid farewell to the old year at the stroke of midnight on new year's eve it is also sung at funerals graduations and as a farewell or ending to other asians the international scouting movement in many countries uses it to close jamborees and other functions and a little note here when i was watching the crown on netflix day. Sung it when they said goodbye to the prime minister. Certainly most of us know the song old lang zayn but to quote from the first stanza of the english version of the james watson ballad. Here it goes should be aware since be forgot and never thought upon the flames of love extinguished and fully past and gone is thy sweetheart now grown so cold that loving breast of nine the thou cast never once reflect on old lang zayn in scotland. It is common practice that everyone joins hands with the person next to them. To form a great circle around the dance floor at the beginning of the last verse. Everyone crosses their arms across their breast so that the right hand reaches out to the neighbor on the left side and vice versa win the tune ends everyone rushes to the middle while still holding hands when the circle is re established everyone turns under the arms to end up facing outward with hands still joined in countries other than scotland. The hands are often crossed from the beginning of the song at variance with scottish custom. And did you know. The scottish practice was demonstrated by queen elizabeth second at the millennium dome celebrations for the year. Two thousand some press outlets berated her for not properly crossing her arms. She was unaware that she was incorrectly. Following the scottish tradition and because of its easy tune and melody it was also used as a song to signify for the war to end having the title. I wish the war was over and it was a popular anti-slavery song entitled fling out. The anti slavery flag both were using old anxiety as the basis for those songs. If you listen closely you can hear the song all lang sign and many movies too. Well did you know that these movies are we willie winkle a nineteen thirty seven. Shirley temple movie when her character sings to console a dying soldier. Mr smith goes to washington the nineteen thirty nine movie. Ocean's eleven the original of nineteen sixty as background music and the poseidon adventure one of my favorites that was made in nineteen seventy two ghostbusters and nineteen eighty nine. When harry met sally in nineteen eighty nine as well forrest gump in nineteen ninety four and elf and two thousand and three and most notably the very last song that is in the movie. It's a wonderful life with jimmy stewart. It is after all probably the best feel good ending in a classic movie ever with plenty of emotion for the main character at the last scene of the movie which brings george bailey the main character to tears as he acknowledges how great life really is and it is always at the stroke of midnight composer guy lombardi would play it on the radio and continued the tradition for fifty years afterwards. Dick clark took it up to play at the stroke of midnight on. Dick clark's new year's rocking eve. Every year and new york city as the big ball dropped at the stroke of midnight but after dick clark retired from the show ryan. Seacrest did the same at the stroke of midnight every year. They all had something in common with playing the song. It was an remembrance of those that came before and at the same time to mark the new year. All the fans and celebrators would sing along to the classic song so this year twenty twenty when the clock strikes. Twelve a m sing along to this classic song. Even if you don't know all the words we are indeed saying goodbye to twenty twenty
"Ten things i hate about you. And most of the taming the shrew creme brule lake never be jello was from my best friend sweating and i needed to of those three tom. Hanks and make ryan films set any to if these were to josephus volcano sleepless in seattle. For you've got mail round three three two quickfire round on right places and the onset number. Eleven class in moscow is red square of the inlets of the indian ocean. Is the red sea thirteen. The state capital of louisiana is baton number. Fourteen largest town in karnal is red. Ruth and number fifteen river running through the grand canyon east colorado river round four foot was music to and the answer to number sixteen john taken roger taylor. Prime mae and freddie mercury were queen. Seventeen common time is for four eighteen. The psalm that starts as i was going over the far famed carry. Mountains is whiskey in the jar. Nineteen robin fantasy is better known as brienna and number twenty. I needed the surname of one of the russian group of composers the fife. So any one of these too many barrack. Sheriff cesar modest mussorgsky nikolai rimsky-korsakov alexander thornton. That's it football quiz thirteen. Thank you very much for listening. I enjoyed it. Please have got the price round. It's always good to hear from you. Need to receive iran cyst by win stated tenth place some messages before. You're happy birthday to from naomi. Drew people say jess from filbert. Happy birthday to my best. Kelly from khorasan. Happy birthday to this. You offered lights of my knife until a few so much from franken.
187 Welcome to Shondaland
"And welcome to misinformation a trivia podcast for ladies and gents who who love cool trivia and sticking it to annoying teams at pop quiz. Where your hosts. I'm lauren and i'm julia. Hey hey julia. What a lovely way to start the up. Oh hey you. We don't do enough singing on the show. You to have such lovely melodious voices. Why don't you sing more often. Yeah you know. And i think i've heard that a lot like in Not just our podcast. But and other podcasts. Where people are like. Ooh i love it when the hosts sing my favorite thing and not embarrassing it. All for me as a listener is to watch to listen to somebody else sing so you know what i think. We're really going to try. And you know provide that for our listeners. Yeah i know you guys can't see us right now but i have A wine glass the size of fish bowl and then also a bowl of popcorn. Which is you know. Libya pope's favorite dinner and actually truly one of my favorites too great josh jackson. Judge doesn't get it just like i don't know a protein and a starch and i'm like nope i'm fine with bull bop gordon glass of wine. Yeah but yeah it's it's a delicious salty buttery carbohydrate plus alcohol. Yes why what's what's better than that. It's america's favorite dinner clean. So yeah it's a team. It's a theme tonight because And learning league. My very best categories television ads love. It would love the warm embrace of the The glow of the screen and the comfortable now and you know being able to the traffic all of these wonderful stories. That people are telling us across the screens. Yes tonight we are visiting my best category. We are going to sean delay and
What is the Ice Hotel?
"The ice hotel is a hotel. An art exhibition made of ice from the river. Torne each year reincarnated end. The brand new design a place to discover silence northern lights glistening snow clad forests reindeer cloud berries kettle coffee and so much more every year when the torne river turns to ice. A new ice hotel is created in a very small village of yuccas yari. In the north of sweden the ice of the river transforms to design and architecture and ephemeral art project and the world's first and largest hotel belt of snow and ice every year. Since i was a little girl. I have wanted to visit the ice hotel in sweden. It was a long shot. But i figured it was a dream and nothing would come of it. I imagined myself at the magical place made of ice and snow and how would be unusual and a once in a lifetime experience for me after all. I have had my time and stockholm sweden. But that's as far as my travels in. Sweden took me northern. Sweden would have to be for another time. I had rubbed shoulders with adults from my swedish language. Learning camp in bemidji minnesota which. I went to every october to better my conversational and writing skills and the swedish language and found the stories fascinating. I asked them to tell me their tales again and again. The older women some of them actually swedes from sweden took liberties with their stories and change them up a bit just for the fun of it every time it was a new adventure one of the stories that might have been up. Made me giddy with excitement and marymount. It was based around christmas time and it seemed so cozy in real. Surely it must be true. I didn't ask though. I imagined myself as being sabine. She'd that was telling the story and having the is hotel experience. Imagine with me arriving from stockholm to the ice hotel and yucca. Crv right on the torn revolver. The torne river is where they get all the ice for the ice hotel. The many designers engineers architects artists and workers start building the hotel from scratch every year. A labor of love. No doubt this year they were having a very special christmas. Celebration and architects engineers and designers were making special holiday installations special trees and wreaths the lap of an ice santa claus to sit on to tell your christmas wish to glistening chandeliers adorned with red and green colors projected onto the mini lighted fixtures some spaces clean and monochromatic swedish as expected and some fanciful like a childhood memory of a colorful christmas season. Passed my five cents is were working overtime. I smelled holly and evergreen saw the different colors of projected lights felt the unbearable coldness hurt the piano. Playing jazz seasonal selections center to my right or was it to my left and i was greeted at the front reception with champagne and cloud berries something. I don't even think we have an america. The woman behind the ice desk gave me a reindeer skin blanket to put over my shoulders and walked me to an outdoor firepit only steps away on the outside of the building a roaring fire and wonderful ice chairs covered in some more reindeer blankets. My mind was blown away with excitement. What else would i experience. I had just started my four night adventure in this cold winter. Christmas wonderland soon enough. I was handed a mug of coffee with rum. And i knew this was where i wanted to call home forever. More adventurers came to sit by the firepit with the same wide. Eyed wonder and spirited excitement. I smiled but kept my eyes glued to the fire but all the visitors new that the ice and snow wouldn't last long as the ice hotel closed down in april before my trip was over i will have gone across the wilderness in snowshoes. Go on sleigh rides with reindeer. See the northern lights had met the saami people of lapland. I will have eaten swedish. Christmas cuisine and watched the saint lucia event. But for now time stood still as i glazed is over the fire and dreamed later i would be shown to the room. I selected my very own ice room with an actual ice table complete with a mini refrigerator and colored ice sculptures of christmas past and reindeer blankets covering my ice bed and an actual fireplace. I can watch while laying in bed. The time seemed like an endless christmas trip. But also that. If i didn't hurry i'd miss the whole thing in a blink of an eye. I grew sleepy and dreamed of a wonderful time. The one thing i knew was that this wouldn't be my last time here at the ice hotel for christmas yes there would be more visits and perhaps a chance to be a worker in making it all come together for the holiday season later that first night i was given cheese and blog a red wine with rum learning all new things about the swedish way of life hand was going to be a you fork experience for shore
40. Have We All Lost Our Ability to Compromise?
"At me. i'm a paragon of integrity. I'm angela duckworth. i'm steven dubner. And you're listening to know stupid questions today on the show. Whatever happened to our ability to compromise. I don't need to debate with you about whether the world is round or flat. We know it's flat also. What is the difference between not being wrong and being right. I think i can be obnoxious in my desire to be right angela. I would submit that. Most people have a strong sense of right and wrong. When you agree. I would absolutely agree moral right and wrong right. Yeah but even you know if you're driving on the wrong side of the road you know. Even that's not a moral thing as individuals and society. I argue we really value that distinction between right and wrong. But i've got it but okay it strikes me that this sense which is essentially as you say a moral judgment that it's infiltrated every realm of our lives and that it's risen to a sort of fundamentalism not just in moral or religious issues but in politics and intellectual matters said that if i think i'm right about something in your wrong there's a lot of friction and i think of you as an enemy or at least a rival. I may severed ties with you now. Another choice would be to compromise to say. Look i think you're wrong. I think i'm right but let's meet in the middle. It seems to me like the art of compromise is really been lost. So forget about even admitting that you're wrong. I'm just talking about having the ability to budge a little. The most obvious examples are in politics right now but i see evidence of everywhere. So do you have any advice on how anyone. Let's say me can be better compromise. So you think that. The inability to compromise on the rise. Or i guess i would say the ability to compromise on the wane. Is that right that this is a recent phenomenon that just indignation is something that we are experiencing more of than our forebears. I would say. I don't really know and be. It would be really hard to measure. But i will say then see or maybe be too. I would say that. I have certainly experienced in my lifetime a lot of people institutions and environments where compromise was enorm- were now it seems like it is not a norm. Well okay whether or not. It's been on the rise. I think we can agree as it were. It's difficult and weather. It's more difficult now or more rare to have compromises between political views or really anything else. Maybe he's actually beside the point. Because i think the question is what is a compromise and what happened. Psychologically when we give a little ground to someone else so it's a really interesting question somebody who was a bit of a mentor to me in my graduate school years was a psychologist named chris peterson and he unfortunately passed away about a decade ago. Chris was somebody who was a champion for underdogs and he wanted to followership instead of leadership. You really felt like people's egos were getting in the way and that it's really important that we figure out how to come to common ground with other people and not feel like it's immoral to give in a little bit to another person's perspective so that sounds like a complicated formula to arrive at something that i guess a younger precise to think was pretty simple which is to say. We may not agree on x. But let's do why together right. that's one version. the other version is to say. Let's decide that we're going to give each other a little bit and once you start to put it into the realm of ego protection though. I can see how this is such a hard problem. It's very fashionable to blame everything on social media which i don't think it's quite fair but one thing that social media does increase the incentives for each of us to curate our public reputation like everyone is a public figure to some degree. You're always wanting to put forward the version that you want to be seen. And so protecting that against you know slings and arrows becomes part of your job and that leads us to never wanna give a little bit of ground to never say. Oh you know what. I was wrong on that. It's interesting because it seems that our reputation would be burnished by consistency. Like i said it. I used to say look at me. I'm a paragon of integrity. And i think there is such a hesitation to go back on things that we said before but really i think it is the virtuous path. I mean if you can't say that you are wrong. Maybe you could say you have a point. That i hadn't thought of but i think you're right. Maybe today in the era of social media. It doesn't seem like the kind of environment where people are invited to admit mistakes. There's also the possibility that people have totally legitimate differences of opinion different interpretations different desires. That's really what i mean. It's not so much about being right or wrong. It's about understanding that people may feel very differently about something than you. And if you decide to dig in your feet and maintain your own preferences as the right way. Both of you are never going to get anywhere except into a fight. What's interesting though even. Is that when you really believe something like so for me. I take my coffee with half-and-half sugar the fact that you drink it black is that right. I don't i to enjoy some half sugar but you're so wrong for putting sugar in it's just inconceivable to me. It's like if you ever have milk. That's any percent that you don't usually drink. It's like oh my gosh out of people even drink skim milk. It's gross. what a moron. So i think that this extends far beyond moral judgments purely almost anything where you have to take another person's perspective like the movie. Is this a good song. It's very very hard for us to extract ourselves from our own ego centric perspective. But let's put this back in the realm where it does would seems to me as the most damage which is the realm of politics. I don't think there are many people who could argue right now that we're living in an age of political utopia where all sides are coming together to compromise and to come up with solutions to problems that make the greater a little bit better. So what if let's say the united states congress of twenty twenty. One decided to hold a bipartisan bicameral session on the art of compromise. And let's say they wanted to bring in the esteemed professor duckworth from the university of pennsylvania. Founded for god's sake by benjamin franklin right. That's true at that going for me. What would you tell these. Esteemed gentlewoman in gentlemen about the art of compromise. I would say that you should bring in leave. Ross one of my favorites psychologists he's at stanford university and he is famous for these particular findings during his long career. One of them. I know you've heard of the fundamental attribution error love the fundamental attribution air. It's a good one that comes from this famous research where in experimental settings you can show that people can attribute the cause of a behavior to the wrong source so like somebody get something right in a quiz and you think. Oh it's because they're really smart but actually there was some situational reason like they were the ones who made up the quiz or they had some advantage and he wrote recently this article that i have read maybe ten times. The article is called from the fundamental attribution error to the truly fundamental attribution error. and beyond. He says that really the problem that we all have is something called naive realism. Like whatever is that. I think is morally right or true or good sugar in my coffee. Voting democrat. i really like richardson. It's just so hard for us to imagine that that's not just ground truth right like i feel that way. I'm kind of like who did you vote for. You don't comprehend. And i think that's really profound. We could at least appreciate or understand why it is that these differences and political views can be so hard to bridge so i think
"Western five so looking for the year in which all of those songs were released. It was the same year as the first commercial flights of concord round to run to is on the statue of liberty questioned. Say's the statue of liberty was a gift to the people of the united states from which contrary question seven in which year was. The statue unveiled eighteen. Twenty eighteen fifty four or eighteen. Eighty six question eight. Which metal is the statue made of leading to. Its green verdigris patina question nine. How many rays shine from liberties halo question ten. Which american poets wrote the sonnet the new colossus. Which is inscribed on a plaque on the base of the statue and includes the famous line. Give me your tired your poor your huddled masses yearning to breathe free round three rent. Three is places. Your belt hit five short clips from travel guides each describing a city. And i'd like you to name the city question. Eleven rising from the western edge of america's high plains and shadowed by the rocky mountains is colorado's capital. The city sprang up in one thousand nine hundred fifty eight right where the first flakes of gold in the state were discovered as it turns out the real riches lay up in the mountains but ever since the mile high city has continued to grow. Thanks partly to. It's incredible weather question. Twelve sitting pretty is the caribbean's largest and most vivacious city. Where else do you find. Vintage american cars running off russian lada. Engines and shops next gleaming sixteenth century spanish colonial palaces and revolutionary sloganeering drowned out by paul night parties at the forefront of modern latino culture has spawned cohiba cigars club rum salsa and mambo western thirteen the third largest city in the eu is over two hundred and thirty square miles modern european capital imperialistic remnants and sleepy spanish suburbs as you move between those three personalities. You'll start to get the feeling that is different from its spanish sister cities there's a formality a refinement and imperial polish. That doesn't exist anywhere else. In spain west june fourteenth from lonesome cowboy blues to boost skirt and buggies since the earliest days of vinyl has produced a never ending stream country classics today music makers and music lovers of every genre make the pilgrimage to music city. Usa visitors soon discovered. The city's magic extends far beyond music. Question fifteen most people think of russia as nothing more than moscow and saint petersburg located more than nine thousand kilometers from moscow is a major commercial port and naval base in. The pacific is located on the peninsula washed by the sea of japan. Seven hundred fifty kilometers away from seoul. One thousand three hundred thirty five kilometers away from beijing and a little over one thousand kilometers away from tokyo
Winter Solstice 2020: A Very Special Day For Celebration
"Season of the year The northern hemisphere where it is the darkest day sometimes called the shortest day of the year and the southern hemisphere. It is the summer solstice. And it is the brightest day or if you'd prefer the longest day of the year simply put the winter. Solstice is when the sun is at its lowest height in the sky which makes it the darcus day of the year. You know that the winter solstice has a particular moment that it is actually the winter solstice it is december twenty first and where i am and the northeast united states. It actually occurred at five zero two a. m. this morning from microsoft news. There's this according to the farmer's almanac the word solstice stems from the latin word soul meaning son and sustain here which means to standstill from the bustle dot com website. I find that it's an extremely spiritual day full of sacred rituals in fact to some all of that extra darkness isn't a bad thing at all. I love it actually adds to the spiritual significance of the day. The winter solstice has so many spiritual meanings that make it so much more than just the shortest day of the year. And isn't that the truth. The winter solstice is believed to hold a powerful energy for regeneration renewal and self reflection. That is perfect for the past year that we've had in pagan times. The winter solstice was referred to as you'll and was a celebration of the goddess moon energy. It was believed that on this day the moon would give birth to the son. It symbolizes the birth of the sun. A representative of the birth of jesus. It is symbolic of the birth of the spiritual son within that. We are not separate from the creator. This is a time for quiet energy where you get the opportunity to look within yourself and focus on what you want and need. It's time to set goals and intentions for the coming year to examine and let go of our past and to make changes within ourselves. The solstice is essentially tied to a personal awakening. And did you know that. The winter solstice is also called a blue christmas or the longest night on this day. Some churches and western christian denominations hold a church service that honors people have lost loved ones and are experiencing grief whether as a lot of people doing that this year. The worship often includes opportunities for expression of grief and pain as well as an opportunity to focus on the promise of hope. And we all need that. This year there is a special interest for this day as it is also the traditional feast day for saint thomas the apostle this linkage invites making some connections between saint thomas's struggle to believe in jesus as resurrection as well as the long nights just before christmas. There are growing resources and popularity around this tradition due to their relevance for many who struggle to find joy and hope. During the festive seasons scandinavians treated the winter solstice. As a reason to celebrate the feast of you'll as noted by the farmer's almanac a yul log would be burned in recognition of the heart light and life giving properties of the returning son and to pay tribute to the scandinavian god of thor. The domestic tradition of burning a yule log is thought to derive from this ancient feast. It is an ancient rome. Festival took place and the days leading up to the winter. Solstice and observance of saturn the god of harvest and agriculture. What makes the two thousand twenty winter solstice extra special. This year is that the so called christmas star will be visible. What's that it's actually. A rare planetary in which saturn and jupiter are expected to line up and come so close to earth that they'll look like an especially bright star. Stargazers should catch the site while they can. Since this close of alignment between those two planets saturn and jupiter apparently has an occurred and nearly eight hundred years and look for the google logo and your search engine today for a short explanation. Google is using its logo monday to not only celebrate the first day of winter but as a rare celestial event the monday doodle honors the winter solstice and it also celebrates the aligning of saturn and jupiter based on their orbits from our vantage point on earth jupiter and saturn who across within point one degrees of each other a fraction of the width of the full moon. Yes it's true. I love the winter solstice. It's a great time to just hunker down and think about how twenty twenty one can be. Oh so much better. Hey listen if you've enjoyed this episode of talk tales and trivia. I love that can email me at talk. Tales and
10 Trivia Questions on Fill in the Blank Slogans
"Eight. Ten exclusive truth. Buds trivia host pops. That'd be kind of fun giving away for fun. Reasons on the podcast. Patriotic and livestreams That we do pretty much every week. If you wanna join one of our weekly trivia tournament livestreams we are doing a tournament. started january twenty fifth. It's going through march twenty ninth. You can go to Ryan buds or trivia with buds. Just about anything and sign up to do that. I used to be able to sign up through the website. But i redesigned website to be more corporate friendly recently. So if you want to join the games. Just reach out to me on any social media at ryan. Buds are attributed buds on everything. And i'll send you all the dietz and how to play every monday at seven. Pm pacific giving away some huge prizes at the end of that tournament. And it's going to be a bunch of fun. We do different themes every week. Sometimes it's totally random. This last week was eighties trivia. And it's all questions that i have not asked before anywhere else so you will have fun. -s totally free to so check it out all right. Today's episode is called fill in the blank slogans. And these are fun products and services and companies that you have to identify by telling me the missing word from the slogan. We're gonna jump in town of him right now. Here we go. It's time for fill in the blanks. Slogans here's number one. I can't believe it's not blank number one. What do you think number one. I can't believe it's not blink
10 Trivia Questions on The Kitchen Sink
"App. You can go right into the show notes. Click the link. And it'll take you right where you need to go. I would love for you to book me for a virtual party. maybe you wanna do some bingo. some trivia. some game shows or some smartphone crowd per style. Games let me know. Drop me a line to contact form on there or you can email ryan buds gmail.com any time. Today's episode is all about the kitchen sink. it is totally random trivia. Ten super random questions from crowd per the app that i just mentioned and the one that i use most of the time when i'm doing corporate events house parties etc. Let's see a buzz in on your smartphone tablet computer. It's awesome shout out to my friend. Ross newton and all the great minds at crowd per in west covina california. We're gonna jump into ten questions on the kitchen sink right about now. here we go. it's kitchen sink trivia. Let's see what you know about the truly random question number one. What is the correct size for a passport. Photo number one. What is the correct
Only 80's Kids Will Fear This
"You're walking along the path in the woods. Maybe you're on a hike. Maybe you're headed to a picnic. The sun is shining and the warm breeze. Ruffles your hair suddenly. You're halted in your step. Your back foot is sinking into the ground. You try to play your other foot firmly to lever yourself out now. Both feeders sinking. It's quicksand. You'll be swallowed alive. You struggle to get free but that only makes it worse you'll be sucked under in a matter of seconds except my name's moxy and this is your brain on facts. Let me open. Today's topic that being things eighties. Kids were taught to be afraid of that. Aren't actually things we need to be afraid of i. This topic was voted on by supporters at patriot dot com slash your brain on facts and secondly that the research led me in directions. I wasn't expecting so the final product is as much a surprise to me as it will be to the listener. You do when your clothes catch fire and it always seemed like when not if the same thing you never see anyone on. Tv or youtube do when they find themselves doing surprise johnny storm. 'cause play. Stop drop enroll. Earning close burn you. Stop drop and roll because people burn to a message from the new jersey department of community affairs bureau virus thing if you try to tell me that a single year of elementary school passed in the eighties without the stop. Drop and roll lesson. I call you a liar. You were going to catch fire early. That much was clear but as someone who hates her home with wood and has been through two house fires and a lightning strike. Let me test that catching fire is not the inevitability we were led to believe but the lesson wasn't wrong as much as it was. Maybe a little late children's clothes and blankets catching on fire had been a common tragedy in households for centuries back in olden times when your heat and light and not a small amount of entertainment all came from some manner of flame. My mother's family actually lost a little one that way. Time and human advancement helped to drive down the frequency of juvenile incendiary casualties candles gateway to gaslight which was replaced with light bulbs and fireplaces were replaced with heat pumps the ignition sources were fewer and farther between but technology is nothing if not a double edged sword enter at the same time synthetic fabrics which rather than burning like cotton and wool would burn drip spread and adhere to skin. The truth of the matter is eighties. Babies were among the first kids to have a substantially lower risk of clothing fire incidents. Thanks to nineteen seventy five's formation of the consumer product safety act. Well actually a lot to nineteen fifty. Three's flammable fabrics act. But then i guess we should go back to nineteen forty-five end gene. Autry for those without a standing dinner reservation at golden corral for four thirty gene autry was a cowboy crooner who made his mark in radio tv and films for over three decades back in where a brand is a brand where the long hunt being celebrity. He had merch including branded cowboy costumes for all the little ones at halloween thousands and thousands of these were sold across the country. Then the tragedies began between late nineteen forty two and continuing until at least nineteen fifty four. An unknown number of children were badly badly burned. When the fuzzy fabric of the chaps came in contact with an ignition source and the entire garment would catch. It was three long years from the first incidents where people began to understand that something specific was wrong. Here that the material used for the chaps was the cause of these tragedies it was so flammable the entire outfit would go up in a matter of seconds before the child or parents even knew what was happening to react. This was the nineteen forties a time. Well before the constant global connectivity that we've been used to for twenty plus years so news of these incidents remained is located and the picture incomplete.
10 Trivia Questions From a Ladder Round
"Are gonna jump into ten questions on a ladder around right now. Here we go. It's latte around trivia and it's your first question number one who played the title role in malcolm in the middle who played the title role on the tv. Show malcolm in the middle number one question number. Two which banned had a mid eighties hit with the song. Relax number two which ban had a mid eighties hit with the song. Relax remember if you got the first one correct. One of those words will carry over into number two and so on and so forth number to question number. Three which wrestler was the leader of the new world order number three which wrestler was the leader of the new world order number three and number four which australian i con played mick crocodile dundee number four which australian played mick crocodile dundee question number five which late actors starred in the films takers. Eight below and into the blue which late starred in the films takers. Eight below in into the blue followed by question number. Six supernatural star. Jared paddle lucky is. Set to star in a reboot of what nine hundred ninety s action drama. Tv show number. Six supernatural star. Jared pedal lucky is set to star in a reboot of what one thousand nine hundred action drama tv show and number seven. What horror film franchise has entries subtitled the next generation and the beginning number seven. What horror film franchise has entries subtitled the next generation and the beginning number seven question number eight a nine hundred ninety two wasp w a s p song or the alter ego of hardcore wrestling legend terry funk number eight one thousand nine hundred eighty two wasp song or the alter ego of hardcore wrestling legend terry funk number eight and number nine what was the name of the row all dahl children's book which spawned two respective versions number nine. What was the name of the wral dow children's book which spun two films with gene wilder and johnny depp playing the lead role in their respective versions number nine followed by our last question number. Ten tae zahn day went viral in the mid. Two thousand after the music video for which of his songs was released online. Pretend taes andre went viral and mid two thousands after the music video for which of his songs was released online. Those are all your questions in the ladder round. Every answer helped you the next answer. Hopefully you're able to figure them all out and we'll be right back to see if he did in just a sound effect. We are back with the answers to the latte around today. Let's see how you did if you're able to climb the entire ladder number one who played the title role in malcolm in the middle. That was frankie. Muniz frankie muniz. He is a racer and he is an actor. Frankie muniz number two which banned had a mid eighties hit with the song relaxed. That was frankie. Goes to hollywood. So frankie was the word that carried over there never three. Which wrestler was the leader of the new world order. That was hollywood. Hulk hogan hollywood hulk hogan and number four which australian icon played. Mick crocodile dundee. That of course was paul hogan paul hogan number five which laid actor starred in the films takers eight below and into the blue paul walker r.i.p paul walker number. Six supernatural star. Jared petty is set to start in a reboot of what one thousand nine hundred action drama tv show. That's walker texas ranger walker texas ranger and number seven. What horror film franchise has entry subtitled the next generation and the beginning. That is texas chainsaw massacre and number eight of nineteen ninety-two wasp song or the alter ego of hardcore wrestling legend terry funk that was chainsaw charlie chainsaw charlie number nine. What was the name of the rile children's book which spawned two films with gene wilder. Johnny depp playing the lead role in their respective versions. That was charlie and the chocolate factory. Charlie and the chocolate factory and a pretend as on day went viral in the mid to thousands. After the music video for which of his songs was released online. That was chocolate rain making it chocolate rain. And there you have it. The ladder from luke mckay. Thank you for sending those questions
10 Trivia Questions on The Room
"We're going to jump in to ten questions. These were written by my friend j. rey from arizona. And they're all about the room here. We go all right. The room ten trivia questions. Let's see what you know about this bad bad movie number one. In what city does the room take place. What is the city setting for the room questionable. To what is the pattern on the gift bag. That johnny hans lisa at the start of the film. What is the pattern on the gift bag. That johnny hands lisa at the start of the film number two question. Three where is janis day job. Where does johnny work in this movie number. Three and question number four. What is lisa's mom's name. What is the name of the character that plays lisa's mom number four question. Five character named. Chris tries to kill which other character on the roof number. Five character named tries to kill which other character on the roof number. Five question six. What do the male characters in the film toss back and forth in several scenes number six the male characters in the film toss back and forth in several scenes question number seven which character trips and falls and then is never seen again in the film number seven which character trips and falls and is never seen again in the film and number eight. Lisa throws johnny a party towards the end of the movie for what occasion. What is the party for. Number eight number nine is a fifty fifty question. Is lisa actually pregnant at the end of the movie number nine and number ten whereas janis suicide gun capped at the end of the film whereas janis suicide gun kept at the end of the film. Those are all your trivia questions for today's ten question quiz on the room. We'll be right back in just a second to see if you got them all right. Oh hi mark. We are back with the answers to the room trivia. Tommy lasalle. I actually got to meet him at. La comecon say three or four years ago. And i think it was fifteen bucks. And i got a track jacket. That said least you're tearing me apart on the back of it and it was black and it was zipped up and i got a autographed something from him. Maybe just a picture from the movie and we got to take a picture with tommy himself. So there's a great picture of me and my daughter annabel just crying. Her eyes out next to a strange man somewhere on instagram or facebook. Or something if you want to go find it but yeah it was a pretty good deal fifteen bucks for a track jacket a signed picture and a picture with the man pretty good deal. Hopefully these answers were deal for you. We're going to jump into them right now. number one. in what city does the room take place. That is good. Old san francisco california san francisco although they don't really show much of the city at all. It's really kind of vague number two. What is the pattern on the gift bag. Johnny hans lisa at the start of the film that is leopard print leopard print bag number three whereas janis day job. He works at a bank again. That is not super clear. None of these answers or these tidbits are that clear at all. He works at a bank number four. What is lisa's. mom's. Name claudette claudette. She dropped some very strange news about having cancer in the movie. Just very nonchalantly goes up. And i have cancer like as nothing to do with anything. It's very bizarre number five. A character named chris tried to kill which other character on the roof that is denny denny has gotten himself in some sort of drug deal gone wrong or some kind of money scheme and is about to be killed but does not get killed that denny. Chris are on the roof number six. What do the male characters in. The film tossed back and forth in several scenes. If you've been to a live screening of the room much like rocky horror picture show people dress up as characters and they throw around. Football's that's right. Lot of tossing the pigskin. This movie number six number seven which character trips and falls and then never seen again in the film. That is peter peter. He's in the wedding. He falls playing football. I think and then by by peter number eight. Lisa throws johnny party towards the end of the movie for what occasion. It's his birthday number eight. His birthday number. Nine is lisa actually pregnant at the end of the movie. No she's making it up. She's not pregnant and number ten whereas johnny suicide gun capped at the end of the film. It's under a dresser under a dresser. Three keep it. That's where he keeps it. And those are all of your questions on the room if you are baffled and you listen to this and you've never seen the movie thanks for making it all the way through you owe it to yourself to now go watch it maybe twice
10 Trivia Questions on Smash Bros
"We've got ten questions for you. They're all multiple choice and they were all written by j. So thank you. Jay all on smash brothers here. We go smash brothers trivia question number one which playable smash brothers character is economically. The tallest is that king. Dvd bowser ridley or gannan. Dorf which smash brothers character is the tallest that king. Dvd bowser ridley or gannan. Dorf number one number two. Which of the following playable smash brothers. Characters is from the oldest franchise. Is it pacman. Mario donkey kong or mr game and watch which of the following playable smash brothers characters from the oldest franchise pacman mario donkey kong or mr game and watch question number three in home run contest players attempt to achieve hitting. What a red shell agreed. Shell a baseball or a sandbag. What are they trying to hit in homerun contest question number four and super smash brothers ultimate old. Yoshi color was removed in favor of the new crafted. Yoshi what color was it. Pink purple black or orange pink purple blacker orange number four question number five which smashed character is not owned or made by japanese company. Is it dr Sorry dark sam. Banjo and kazoo. Diddy kong or king k. rule which character is not owned or made by japanese company. Dark sam banjo and kazoo did he. Or king k. Rule question number six which character has had a different voice and character. Art each smash brothers game is it. Mario pichu fox mccloud or donkey kong and question number seven which character has a form. That doesn't have a shadow is at little mac. Pika chew mario or joker number seven. Which character has a form that doesn't have shadow little. Mac beka chew mario or joker three questions ago on super smash trivia number eight which of the following weapons not available to snake from metal gear solid and smash c. Four a rocket launcher guided missile. Or a tranquilliser gun which one is not available to snake in metal. Your salad c. Four rocket launcher guided missile. Or trey gun and number nine. Who is the only character in smash has never needed to be unlocked. Mario pichu kirby or fox plus your final question. Ten which of the following smash stages has not returned from previous into alternate is pokemon stadium. Great bay pokey floats or peaches castle again. Those are pokemon stadium. Great bay pokey floats or peaches castle. Those are all your questions. Multiple choice ones for smash brothers by j. Rao's we'll be right back in just a second to see if you got them all correct. We are back with the answers to smash brothers trivia. Let's see how did with these multiple choice questions from j. rey as number one which playable smash brothers characters canonical the tallest. That was ridley. Ridley as your answer for number one number. Two which of the following table smash brothers characters from the oldest franchise. That is mr game. And watch mr game and watch older than pacman mario and donkey kong number three and homerun contest players attempt to achieve a high score by hitting a what that is a sandbag sandbag and number. Four in super smash brothers ultimate one. Old yoshi color was removed in favor of the new crafted. Yoshi what color was it. The black yoshi black and number five which smash character is not owned or made by japanese company. Is that dark sam banjo and kazoo. Eat diddy kong or king k. Rule that was banjo and kazoo. E number five not a japanese company number six which character had a different voice and character art in each smash game that is fox mccloud fox mccloud number seven which character has a form. That doesn't have a shadow. That has little mac from punchout. Little mac and number eight which of the following weapons is not available to snake in metal gear. Solid and smash is a tranquilizer gun at shrank gun. Not one of the ones you can use to attack your opponents in smash as snake number nine. Who is the only character in smash who has never needed to be unlocked. That is kirby from that list of mario pika chew kirby and fox kirby not no need to be unlocked and number ten which of the following smash stages has not returned from previous games into ultimate. It was pokey floats pokey floats. Which is the stage that has not returned from previous games into it. No pokey floats. Those are your questions hopefully floated on through just like a gigli puff and didn't fall asleep listening to this episode of you. Don't like smash brothers
10 Trivia Questions on 2010s Musicals
"We're going to jump into ten questions on musicals from the two thousand ten's right about now here. We go all right. It's two thousand ten's musical trivia and on this round we are going to give you two songs and the characters who sing those songs in your do. Tell me what musical it is from the last ten years. Here's question number. One world's greatest dad by buddy and never fall in love by jovi. What is that musical with those characters and songs number one world's greatest dad by buddy and never fall in love by jovi an musical number two one perfect moment by campbell and we ain't no cheerleaders by danielle nautica and last sienna number two one perfect moment by campbell and we ain't no cheerleaders by danielle nautica and la sienna number three. That's rich by medha and king of new york by race catherine davie and less number three. That's rich by medha and king of new york by race catherine davie and less number four on your list. We have a song call impossible slash possible by marie and ella. And there's music in you by marie number four impossible by impossible slash. It's it's possible by marie and ella. And there's music and you by marie number five anywhere but here by a character named j m berry and we're all made of stars by the un davis boys number five anywhere but here by j m berry and we're all made of stars by the davis boys and number six. What's inside by jenna. And any and i love you like a table by ogi don and company number six. What's inside by jenna in company and i love you like a table by ogi dawn and company number seven. Belmont avenue by the wop guys. Kala gero at ensemble in these streets spy. Lorenzo sunny rozina an ensemble number seven belmont avenue by the duo guys Kagoro and ensemble and the streets by lorenzo sunny recina and on samba l- three more musical sets of songs and characters to go by. Let's see what you know about number eight. Why don't we get drunk by jd. And ensemble and cheeseburger in paradise by brick. Tammy and ensemble number eight. Why don't we get drunk by jd. And ensemble and cheeseburger in paradise by brick. Tammy and ensemble and number nine. What i know. Now by miss argentina and ensemble and day o the banana boat song by delia. Charles maxi and maxine and number ten cooking montage slash easy peasy by daniel and ensemble and she deserves a real man. By stewart and male ensemble number. Ten cooking montage slash. Easy peasy by danielle daniel and ensemble and she deserves a real man by stewart. Male ensemble all your songs and characters from two thousand ten's musicals for general jenner. We'll be right back in. Just a second with the answers to those musicals. We are back with the answers to two thousand ten musicals. Let's see how well you know the musical of the last decade or so number one world's greatest dad by buddy never fall in love by jovi was elf elf based on the two thousand and three movie. There's a great documentary about how that got made on netflix. It's called the holiday movies that made us go watch. That one is pretty number. Two one perfect moment by campbell and we ain't no cheerleaders bhai danielle nautica in last sienna is bring it on the musical. The cheerleading movie comedy made musical number three. That's rich by medha and king of new york by race catherine davie and last that's newsies newsies about a bunch of newspaper selling boys and number four impossible slash. It's possible marine ella. And there's music in you. By marie that is cinderella the musical which at one time starred my friend gi palmer. I think one of the backup. Replacement cast members of the lead role of cinderella in that movie palmer number four number five in that movie in that musical is what i'm at number five anywhere but here j. berry were all made of stars. The un davis boys. That's finding neverland number five finding neverland and number six. what's inside jenin and company. I love you like a table. Ogi dawn and company. That's waitress a pie. Selling and serving movie made musical waitress number seven belmont avenue and the op guys calogero and ensemble in these streets by lorenzo. Sunny rozina and bill is a bronx tale. A great movie with robert deniro. That was made into a musical about ten years ago and number eight. Why don't we get a drink. The jd and ensemble song and cheeseburger in paradise by brick brick. Tammy and ensemble. That's escape to margarita. Ville jimmy buffett number eight number nine. What i know now. Miss argentina and ensemble day. O the banana boat song. Delia charles maxi maxine and ensemble. If you know the movie you could against this one. It's beetlejuice the musical number nine and number ten last but not least cooking montage an easy peasy with daniel and ensemble and she deserves a real man with stuart and male ensemble. That's mrs doubtfire. Mrs doubtfire and now you know ten questions answers for gen jar about two thousand ten's musicals. Hope he had fun trying to figure those out. We have one more thing for you. Call the fact that the day the fact of the day is the last letter added to the english alphabet wasn't z. It was actually the letter j our tenth letter of the alphabet. Jay was the last one to be added just like hawaii was the fiftieth state. Our last state in the us there. You have it
Who Was Thomas Becket?
"Thomas becket yes okay. Born around eleven twenty and died in eleven seventy. he's also known as saint thomas of canterbury or Sometimes who refer to him as thomas a becket. Okay yeah anyway. So thomas becket. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the catholic church and the anglican church He engaged in conflict with henry. The second king of england over the rights and privileges of the church and at one point excommunicated the archbishop of york so tough rain away to france for a bit under the protection of king. Louis the seventh of france but then he returned in eleven seventy two england so henry second in england said something to the effect of like ugh. This guy is driving me. Four of his knights interpreted this as a command to go. Get rid of thomas becket So on december twenty ninth seventy reginald fitz ertz huge morville william to tracy and richard le breton showed up at canterbury cathedral. According to accounts left by the monk jer vase of canterbury and i witnessed named edward grim. The knights placed their weapons under a tree outside the cathedral and hid their chainmail armor on your cloaks before entering the cathedral to challenge becket priest the night. He's hold beckett. They were taking him to winchester england to give count of all of his actions and kind of like hold him accountable in front of people but becket refused so the four nights retrieved their weapons and rushed back inside the cathedral. Oh my god. I beckett proceeded to the main hall for evening prayers and the other monks tried to like themselves into different parts of the joe for get said to them. It is not right to make a fortress out of the house of prayer in order them to reopen the doors so the four nights wielding they're drawn swords ran into the room saying like thomas becket. He's a traitor. To the king the knights found beckett in his spot near the door of the monastic cloister the stairs into the crypt and the stairs leading up to the choir of the cathedral where the monks were all. They're like still saying their prayers. Like oh no right. There's just four guys having running in with okay upon seeing them becca. I am no traitor. And i'm ready to die so Edward grandma eyewitness. He wrote a very extensive account of exactly what happened. I will save you all the details. Let's just say that for nights wielding swords kill the priest in canterbury cathedral. That's terrible so soon. After his death the faithful throughout europe european venerating beckett as a murder in february eleven seventy three which was just a little more than two years after his death. He was canonized by pope. Alexander the third and so sure typically like canonization of saints takes lake decades. Yeah stuff happened so the fact that this happened so quickly was kind of saying that. This guy was a big deal. So related trivia. Facts about thomas becket. Geoffrey chaucer's the canterbury tales. Ninety two is set in a company of pilgrims on their way from southern to the shrine of saint. Thomas becket in canterbury cathedral. Okay never made that connection no me neither ever okay So the schreiner was built between eleven eighty and twelve twenty and up to one hundred thousand. Pilgrims would have visited the shrine every year for more than three hundred years. That's my gosh locked. Yes it was adorned in marble gold and jewels and murdered saints. Tombs was one of unparalleled splendor in fifteen thirty eight. during the reformation. The shrine was destroyed following the orders of henry. The eighth who definitely be talking about in a little bit more twenty. Twenty researchers digitally reconstructed the raised sanctuary and available to view on the beckett story online and we'll share linked to that because it's really interesting how they did that. They took This thing had been such a big deal for more than three hundred years. And then it was raised more than four hundred and fifty plus years ago at this point and so they took accounts that the pilgrims had made that other monks had made in in digitally recreated which is pretty up and also modern works based on the story of thomas becket include. Tes elliott's nineteen thirty. Five play murder in the cathedral later adapted the opera assassination cutter. Dry ill the brando pizza'd in nine hundred fifty eight. You did that. Can i tell you flawlessly Also nineteen fifty-nine play by John we called beckett which was made into a movie with the same title and paul. Webb's play four nights in nair's borough which was written in one thousand nine hundred nine which recounts the aftermath of the murder of thomas becket by the four nights who made the worst career choice in history. Yeah that's goes without saying well if you don't if all of these facts don't stick in your head. Look at the name k. e. t. the cane. His name is right in the middle. And if you look at it. It looks like four blades. Good the name so four blades. Stuck together by the four to killed him in canterbury. That's thomas becket.
How Much Do Your Friends Affect Your Future?
"Stephen. I have a question that was tweeted at us by at death by four. Is the correlation of your five closest friends. A real predictor of success. And where you're going in life. Oh a lake the question. I can see why you like the question to because i know that you care about in study friendship so to me there to central questions. We need to try to answer. Their one is whether there is a strong correlation between your friend group and your future and if so whether there's something about that friend group that significantly causes your future to change or whether you choose friends who will fit the future that you're planning yes. I think that we should get to cause -ality once we get beyond correlation. That's i think the most interesting this question because there is this expression. Look at your five closest friends. That's who you are. And that's you're going to be but this is saying but i've always been very suspicious about saying have you not well if i think of my closest friends whenever by. That's all i care about eighteen. I make the top twelve year number. One always okay. My other rents okay. First of all. They're a lot like me so my friends are all practically manic there so like they're all women they're all around my age. They're all around my educational demographic. I think it's interesting to observe that are closest friends are so much like us. Okay so if that observation is accurate. Let's say in the aggregate then. I would have to think that that's a strike against the argument. In the question. I would think it's more a byproduct of the fact that you choose people to be friends who were kind of moving in the direction that you're moving in. Yeah and it's often called him. Awfully bird's feather tend to flock together. And if that's really the heart of the correlation that because we're so similar we aggregate than that does argue against your friends having a causal effect on your outcome because that's not really what's going on but there is evidence and i'm sure you're familiar with by nicholas kristof focus. Who runs the human nature lab at yale. He's the co author of a book called connect the surprising power of our social networks. And how they shape our lives. He makes an argument that our social circles influence us greatly in terms of emotions and behaviors everything from health politics etcetera and his argument. Is that really what we think of as the individual is actually much more compounded result of the people that we know and listen to. So what do you think of that. Research and argument yeah. Nick is probably the most famous researcher on this idea that our social networks are not only reflection of ourselves but actually cause changes in ourselves and he has this data from the framingham heart. Study which by the way was about as it suggests heart health and cardiovascular disease and so forth but it's also been mined by researchers just because it was a really robust set of data. yes opportunistically. Yeah i believe framingham. Is this little town in massachusetts. And i think the interesting feature of the data set is that because it was in this one geographic location. The people in the data set happen to know each other. And you can map out. Who's friends with whom who's relatives of whom who's married to whom who's tutors. Three degrees of separation et cetera and when nick analyzed this one of the famous findings was the finding that obesity is contagious. In the sense that your weight and your weight change was predicted. Not only by the people you know but the more startling finding is it's not even necessarily the there in your direct circle but maybe the outer circle. Goodbye influence you. Stephen and you happen to know someone else. And i don't even have to know them but my politics or the way. I eat or anything else could go viral as it were in the same way that actual virus goes viral.
The History of the Internet
"To begin with we as a species. We've been trying to categorize an attain all the knowledge. We haven't to a database of sorts for a very long time right so for example in seventeen twenty. Eight ephraim champions globe maker publishes the cyclopes or a universal dictionary of arts and sciences. It is the earliest attempt to link by association all the articles in an encyclopedia or more generally all the components of human knowledge. He wrote in his preface quote this. We endeavored to attain by considering the several matters. E topics not only absolutely and independently as to what they are in themselves but also relatively or as they respect each other. So we've been thinking about like how to how to access knowledge how to obtain information and organize it in in a in a way so that more people can access it quicker classic enlightenment. Classic enlightenment am my right So in one thousand. Nine hundred belgian lawyers and bibliographer paul outlet and on revilla contain proposed a central repository for the world's knowledge organized by the universal decimal classification. It was called the mondays And it would eventually house. More than fifteen million index cards one hundred thousand files and millions of images and in nineteen thirty four outlet further advanced his vision for the radiated library in which people worldwide will place telephone calls to his quote mechanical collective brain. And we'll get back information as tv signals. So this was a theory. This is something that they thought could get off the ground then in nineteen thirty six h. g. wells first predicts what's called the world brain He wrote the whole human memory can be and probably short time. We'll be made accessible to every individual time is close at hand when any student in any part of the world will be able to sit with his projector in his own study at his or her convenience to examine any book. any document in an exact replica. Study accurate it's pretty accurate so the world brain was to be a central repository of the world's knowledge organized by complex taxonomy invented by wells. So clearly there has been a precedent for desiring this kind of thing. So the concept of data communication or transmitting data between two different places through an electromagnetic medium such as radio or an electric wire predates the introduction of the first computers right. Such communication systems were typically limited to point to point communication between two end devices. Like semaphore lines are telegraph systems and telex machines so these can be considered early precursors to this kind of communication and the telegraph in the late. Nineteenth century was the first fully digital communication system. So that's just cool trivia fact it been a deeply so up until about nineteen sixty computers were huge unwieldy and self contained. You could use them as a tool. But you couldn't necessarily make them talk to each other or transmit information across any distances using them but there were a bunch of people working towards making that happen so a man named christopher stray cheesy who became the oxford university is first professor of computation filed a patent application for time sharing in february of nineteen fifty nine in june that year. He gave a paper called time sharing enlarge fast computers at the unesco information processing conference in paris where he passed the concept onto to lick lighter of mit like lighter vice president at both derek and newman inc and they discuss a computer network in his january. Nineteen sixty paper called man computer symbiosis so a quote from that is a network of computers connected to one another by wideband communication lines which provide the functions of present day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage. And retrieval and other symbiotic functions. So super like great reading. You know just like pull it up right. Now read it. Yeah take it to the beach. You know something really exciting. So paul baran then publishes reliable digital communications systems using unreliable network repeater nodes the first of a series of papers that proposed the designed for distributed networks using packet switching. And we'll talk about that for a second. Method used to this day to transmit information over the internet and then a little later. Donald davies the. Uk's national physical laboratory or n. P. l. independently developed the same idea. So there's a little bit of like linear here So while baron used the term message blocks for his units of communication davies. Use the term packets so i was like what the hell is packet. Switching so packet switching is essentially and i. I used the the metaphor of of charlie and the chocolate factory. Ok you know mike. Tv how said the tv you're broken up into little pieces gets reassembled on the other side. That's basically what packet switching is with. Data the pieces get sent over in smaller pieces because they can travel over greater distances being smaller and then they get reassembled on the other side so that's packet switching s perfect. I'm gonna get a lot of emails. Okay so. Jc are lick lighter so jc are lick lighter. He was known as either. Jc are like friends. Call them lick several shame. I guess it's shorter than say j. C. r. guess so or just like yourself jim anyway He became the director of the newly-established information processing techniques office. Or the ipo within the us. Defense department's advanced research projects agency or darpa. So then robert. Taylor becomes the director of the information processing techniques office. Pto in nineteen sixty six and he intended to realize lighters idea of an interconnected networking system so he proposes to his boss the arpanet so the advanced research projects agency net which is a network that would connect the different projects that arpaio was sponsoring so a way to like keep everything together and at the time each project has its own specialized terminal and unique set of user commands so in order to talk to each terminal you had to physically go to the computer terminal that only spoke to that individual one so he was like what if we just had one computer that connected to everything and that was arpanet basically bam bam so there were like great. I love this. So they awarded. Arba awarded the contract to build this network to bolt beranek and newman or bbn technologies. And they're involved in the early stages of the internet in a major way and so all mentioned them like a bunch of times so the first arpanet link was established between the university of california los angeles and the stanford research institute at twenty to thirty hours on october. Twenty ninth nineteen. Sixty-nine the first message was the word log in that's boring. I know it's super boring computer guys. I was necessary to jump. It wasn't the first text message. Merry christmas oh. I don't know maybe it was being at least that s something. Yeah or what. Does it come here. I need you. That's the one for the telephone log in. Yeah right fine. at least it's easy to remember. Yeah i message sent over. The internet is the message lock-in so sent over arpanet between the network node at ucla and a second one at sri. So leonard kline rock of ucla said at the ucla and they typed in the l. and asked sri by phone if they received it got the l. Came the voice reply. Ucla typed in the. Oh asked if they got it and received got the oh. ucla then typed in the g. And the darn system crashed boy the beginning on the second attempt. It worked fine so by the end of that year. Four host computers connected together in the initial arpanet so this was like the beginning of of the end. Basically
Why Do We Seek Comfort in the Familiar?
"The band's. I love the books and movies of already read and seen the poetry that i love etc i wonder if there is existing research that explains that is common and also whether the need to find comfort in the familiar increases with age and conversely whether the desired try out new things requires both a positive outlook on life and the physical energy to do so. So let's start there. Angie what say you to that query. This is such an interesting and deep question. There's actually a lot of research on the idea of finding comfort finding enjoyment in things that we've done before so one early finding that's relevant here is called the mere exposure effect. This is the idea that merely experiencing something was second third or fourth fifth sixth seventh and eighth time the more you're exposed to it the more you like it without anything really changing so even if it's something that prima facie you may not have thought you'd like or maybe even didn't like that exposure makes you like well. The original psychologist is robert science and he would show people in his studies in nonsense syllables. They didn't really have any meaning. And the first time you see a probably have more of a neutral response but then the eighth time the nighttime it's like you like it and you like it more and more with more exposure which is really remarkable. It is remarkable. It's interesting question to me too because in a way it's obvious why. Why do you think that is well. Because if you're feeling uncomfortable you would seek out the opposite which is comfort and the familiar is more comfortable almost by definition than the novel right. I guess i was connecting familiar and comfort in a way that maybe is an obvious but to me it felt obvious but on the other hand you could also imagine that during tough or unsettling times you'd want to stir things up to read or watch or explore new ideas that may help you get into a new frame and take your mind off what's distressing so i can see both sides but i have to say i totally identify with masha and i do the same. I'm curious if you do angela. Yeah i mean. I like most human beings in times of stress tend to seek the familiar and the comfortable and the lower risk. Love actually probably the greatest film that's ever been made and every time i see it and i can't even tell you how many times because it's been so many i feel comforted. It's like a warm cinematografica hug. Is it a romcom what you've never seen love. Actually i've heard of it. You've never seen love. actually. I don't see a lot of movies. Maybe that's why i'm so uncomfortable. The gist of love actually. It's like several intersecting love stories. You had me intersecting. Okay that says and each of them has aspect which is bittersweet and get a humorous. But the thing about this movie is you know what's going to happen. You know that you love what's going to happen and instead of that making it a diminished experience. It's almost better the team at the time. I don't know if this is just a pandemic coping mechanism. Actually i think there is good research that suggests that's pretty universal so somewhat argue that emotions like fear and also emotions like sadness. Get us to withdraw a little bit to that which we know is going to work and conversely happiness and safety and contentment tend to get us to be a little more venture. Som what's called broaden and build theory. This is work. Barbara frederickson and others. So i think we're all in a kind of state of uncertainty. That makes us want to retract a little bit. Even if you're right even sometimes trying something new might be exactly what we need. Can you tell me a little bit about this. Broaden and build theory which. I've never heard of yes so well. We know why we have fear like if we didn't have fear we'd get eaten by a tiger and we also know why we have the cousin of fear anxiety. Like oh i'm anxious about this test or i'm anxious about this thing is going to happen so i prepare for it more. All the negative emotions had been catalogued understood in terms of their evil lucien airy function for survival. So barbara. Frederickson is a psychologist who wondered. Well why is it across culture that we have certain positive. Emotions like happiness contentment surprise. Like aw and so forth. And that led to broaden and build theory which she's spent the rest of her long and storied career studying which is basically the idea that when we experience these positive emotions they are assigned a signal. That things are going well. And therefore now is the time to broaden and