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Sugar vs. Salt
"Hi i'm molly bloom. And this is smash boom best the show where we take two things smash them together and ask you to decide which one is best today. We're going to tickle your taste. Buds with two of the most mouth watering flavors in the world one is the savory mineral we like to lick off pretzels the other is the sweet ingredient. We like to sprinkle on our cereal. That's right it's sugar. Verses salts which fabulous flavor will come out on top here to help us. Decide is ceylan high kaelin high volley. Thank you for having me. Thank you for being here today. So kaelin before we get started. I just wanna know. What kind of snack do you prefer salty or sweet. That's it's a tough one. But i think i'd have to lean closer towards salty. Sweet can be a little too overpowering so when it comes to salty snacks which is your favorite cashiers or some type of nut. Caches are debt from my favorite. The cashews are very delicious even though you prefer salty. What is your favorite sweet snack. I'm not quite sure of. This is a snack but we have bacon covered in sugar kinda like evenness of a little bit of salty but mostly sweet. So that's why. I like that mix. I am a huge fan of a salty sugary. Mix myself so it sounds amazing. So as you know. This is a debate show where the art of persuasion is highly valued. Do you ever into debates with friends or family. Maybe about food while recently me my brother. We had this debate because he was on a cooking contest so he learned all these skills like how did juliana pepper and he tried to tell me that he was better at cooking. I don't know how to julius peppers so he has more skills than i knew but he never uses them. I cook a lot more often so we were going back and forth trying to figure out. Who's the better cook and my step mom came. She was like. I agree with kaelin. Like church doesn't know how to julianne pepper but overall i think she a better cook nice. You've got that judge in there yet. So what's your favorite thing to cook. I like making mac and cheese and orange chicken. Because i really like to those mac and cheese an orange chicken is a little sweet sweet salty. Dish yeah it is well now. It's time to introduce our debaters here to defend salt the mineral. We always have handy at the dinner table. It's cookbook and children's book author new york times columnist and restaurateur kenji lopez. Hi kenji her you doing. I'm doing great so. Kenji recently wrote a picture book. Called every night is pizza night. My daughter loves it. Can you sum it up in one sentence and it's about a girl named people who believes that pizza is the best food in the world and then discovers that there are other foods that could also be best. Pizza is delicious. I do agree with her. And kenji in one more sentence why assault cooler than sugar well because there are lots of things that that there are lots of things that tastes great with just salt and no sugar but there is nothing that tastes good with just sugar and no salt. Everything needs salt It's essential for for many many reasons. Excellent while here to defend sugar. That's sweet stuff we sprinkle mix and melt into all of our favor treats its molecular. Biologist turned cookbook author food photographer and recipe developer. Nick sharma hi. Nick hi molly neck. You'd just published a cookbook. Called the flavor equation. Can you describe that in one sentence. Yeah my cookbook. Is a science based cookbook. That talks about You know what makes labor so special to all us from my emotions memories and the sights sounds textures rumors taste and even you know salty. I put it in the book. That was very generous view. It sounds sounds like you've been giving a lot of thought to sugary and salty flavors recently so in one more sentence. Why is sugar far superior to salt. I think this should summit up. I mean why would you like to be known as salty. Wouldn't you just want to be called sweet well. This conversation is already making me hungry. How are you feeling after these flavorful. Intros kaylin i already know. This is going to be a hard decision for me. Because they both brought some interesting points that i agree with both of them for so. I don't know it'll be hard for me. It's gonna be a tough debate for sure but before we dive in. Let's review today's rounds of debate. I we've got the declaration of greatness in this round. Nick and kenji will defend their sides. Using the most persuasive facts opinions and logic. they'll also each have thirty seconds to read. but the others declaration. Then we've got the micro around a creative challenge. Both sides have prepared for in advance for around three. It's the sneak attack. Will surprise nick and kenji with an exciting challenge. They have to respond to you on the spot and last for round four. We've got the final six. Both sides will have exactly six words to win over our judge. Kaelin will be awarding points to each side along the way but she'll keep her scoring a secret until the very end listeners. We want you to judge too. If you'd like to keep score on official scorecard you can download one on our website at smash boom dot org. And if you have any comments to share with us about the debate or the judge's decision had to smash boom dot org and send us a message. Alright nick and kenji are you ready to make some mouth watering arguments. Yeah let's do this all right. That it's time for the declaration of greatness ceylan you have two points to award in this round. One is for the best declaration of greatness and the other is for the best rebuttal. They can go to the same person or not. It's up to you and you can use any judging criteria. you want. Who is the funniest who had the more persuasive facts you decide got it got it excellent. We flipped a coin and nick europe. First let's hear your knock down drag out defense of the sweet stuff. We can't live without sugar. Sugar is magic. Don't believe me. Just watch the nutcracker. It takes place in the fantastical land of swedes where chocolates and candy canes dance and slow sparkles like sugar the ruler of his glittering kingdom the sugar plum fairy a beautiful fairy cream. Who gets me from sugar plum candies which are ugly. Enough not plums. Sugar plums are actually balls of sugar. Made of layer of mound layer of hard candy like the candy coating on eminence the tarsha and delight. Would you want to go hang out in the magical land of salt no. I'm imagining a desolate cave. Where pickles swing dance and saute bish flop around in the ground trying to breathe not a good scene. Take me back to candy land. Remember the game that is a magical game while you play you get to imagine licking the ice cream roof of candy castle is therapy board. Game called salty land where you take a bite out of a beef jerky fence. No because salt does not magical added is definitely not as amazing as sugar.
What if bubbles ate cats?
"Asks the robot but they were only answered by the howling win She looked down at her heavily. Armored mining robot chances and saw her model number k. e. three k. d. three k three set katie. Three reporting for duty t. Nobody heard that katy three worked very hard for two whole years and that brings us back to our present and so she went into the very bedrock of what if world and as you may know from our recent stories the center of what is a place where all kinds of ideas can pop out income to life without warning I expected to find asteroid instead. There is a bob their babble several more bibles. These bubbles suddenly shot up through the crack. In what if owned. But they didn't quickly pop like most bubbles instead they stayed low to the ground shining and searching bubbles. What are you looking for bob. Wells were over guys. Andy one here speak bobble around on of i think big double word of doing the bubble language. There was a little shining chunk of a strange crystal right next to the spot where katie three had just drilled did not understand you up word to mobile in my in your journeys you have been stuck underground for hundred up years. According to my scan their own crystal bowl would've been through the universe. You you are. The last asteroid need to bring you to app kiss. Stare will be a catastrophe. Do not only to be worried about their own. We're due to you own gold neat damn nar kiddies. I would. they want to do that. Where you never seen kiddie papa mubarak bower once they're they just canes poor babbel's on oh porky and so katie three and that asteroid launched a plan so wild that as i tell this story to you now. I still have no idea what it is yet meanwhile back at advocates workshop. He opened his closet door to find all his crystal balls. Were gone his the meaning of the explanation for that said. Joe fluffy cat also known as jfk will crash my crystal ball's again for your own amusement crashing them. Yes for my own amusement. Well also yes but it actually was having a as this time what purpose could possibly serve. Well you know that whole in the middle of what if weld. That was several stories ago. I'm sure it's been worked out by now. No you can't just forget about problems. And hope they wack themselves out so i had to take your crystal balls and throw them into the whole. Fill it up. You couldn't have dried dead or rocks. Are there well. There were lots of people the red per they were all using the dead. Ed rocks really plus the magic of the balls Effectively sealed the hole in the whale. Shot last you know. The magic is always an air tight. Excuse for anything eight It is yeah. So i knew that it was bad. Jack was at about breaking figs oppose. I should be grateful to you for saving the world. But now i have a senior crystal bowl all i think one is presently floating towards us. Crystal balls don't float it does shimmer rather like one but it wasn't crystal ball at all. It was a bubble that had slipped out from that crack in the bedrock of what if world and as it flew through the open window of advocacy workshop. It didn't head toward the wizard. Sewri crystal ball or bubalo. Whatever you are. As much as i want to pop you would be rude to do it in front of abacus probably just wage into lie. Go out joe. This is where you come up with. Snarky response witty. Rejoinder perfectly punishing pun. What's going on here. I think you need to work on your annunciation time. Pathak ponds meow. I'm pretty literally being catnapped. But you still sound like you're behind the foot of glass or perhaps bubble. I suppose grow back to work as advocates bent over his magical workshop table. Joe joe fluffy hat floated back out the window trapped inside a bubble that had eaten him. Always knew it would end this way. Well all i guess all. I better take a nap. Gotta think more pawns. The bubble that it he joe joe floated farther up into the sky pudding. tabby pause on abacus where it was headed. Who could say. Hey what would become a j. f. Cap your guess is as good as mine. workshop that. Don't worry they delegate the we will. We are very good plan working out a great brand this whole dr okay. Katie three asteroid. We're ready to hear your playing. Oh we thought you were coming up with it no reader. Are you wonder where i was doing. The scene with advocates and joe. Joe you were supposed to be coming up with a plan but we got as far as jobs sticks chopsticks jobs but you don't have any chopsticks no but maybe they would have been helpful as narrator usually have made. I've just hearing about the chopsticks. Aw would you look at that. There's hundreds of bubbles with cats trapped inside and they're floating higher up into the sky goading getaways land on their feet. They do from there. Two hours really. They are at three thousand feet. Are you a robot. I m programmed tube your own measure it. Okay i will get out manager and so katie. Three in the asteroid tried to measure up into the sky until they realized
Are You Smarter Than A Toilet? (encore)
"Okay ready to go. How are we getting their guy. That is used scared me god. Did you hear getting the gang back together. We're like harry run and her miami. Obviously harry sorry. Dennis really love for you to come but for taking guy roz yellow bananas scooter. And you know. It's only got seating for two people vote and a giant pigeon. Aw plus we need you here to spy on the neighborhood and watch out for danger. I guess yeah. We promised bring back a souvenir. Dierk many yoga. I
Whats Your Idea To Clean Up The Great Pacific Garbage Patch?
"The variety of things. You want to know more about and every now and then one of you let us know about the way. Our program has inspired you. I don't like to sit still. I know huge problems too. Gory rally wanna do something. My name is elizabeth's. James at i have a and i live in push. George british columbia canada. What grade are you in in school. I agree t tell me a little bit about how you learned about the problems with all of the plastics big plastics and really really little plastics in the ocean garbage patch. Well i listen to your podcast and that had got me thinking. He says it's not very good when you heard about all of these plastics. How did it make you feel well. I felt like i should do something because as i said i don't only sit still and watch something happen which i don't find the best. How did you become that kind of person. At seven and eight years old. Who says this is a problem. But i'm not gonna sit still. I can help to fix this well. I love harry potter. And harry potter's like that. So i kind of inspired by him the mighty as all the other characters trying to do something about off bridge all of the marlins as all the other pups their face. The problem that mary wants to solve is the pollution in the great pacific garbage patch. She learned about it in an episode of but why the great pacific garbage patch is kind of what its name suggests a huge floating mass of plastic and trash of all kinds swirling around in the pacific ocean it's between the californian and mexican coastline and the islands of hawaii and it's an area of the ocean that's really big one point six million square kilometers or six hundred eighteen thousand square miles. That's more than three times the size of spain more than six times the size of the uk. This part of the pacific ocean is known as the north pacific jar. Jar is like a very slow moving whirlpool. It's where currently circulate. There are five jars in the world and they all collect rubbish that has gotten into the ocean after being thrown away by people. The most famous of these trash zones is the great pacific garbage patch. Let's listen to a little bit of the episode. We made about this pollution problem. That so inspired mary the guest. We invited to tell us about it with someone who had actually been there. My name is malini. I am the news and politics features editor at teen vogue and my announcer. She and her. I was lucky enough to travel on a ship to the middle of the pacific ocean. I was invited by an organization called greenpeace. Who does environmental work all over the world. And they're kind of known for their actions in defense of the environment so they have. The ships may invited me to go with them And it's over thousand miles from the shore so we took off from mexico and then days and days and days later we ended up at the great pacific garbage patch right in the middle of the ocean. It was wild to be their alley wrote about her trip to the garbage patch in a feature. She did for teen vogue as part of a series called. plastic planet. alley says a lot of people think the garbage patch is going to look like a big island of trash just floating on the surface of the water. But that's not really what it is when you get to the part of the ocean where it is you can tell that something is different based on the degree of plastic in the water. But it's not just a flat surface. It's not an island like you would think of so. You're not having to break through the plastic with the ship. You're just looking down and you're noticing that yeah. It is different here. There is more plastic here so describe what it actually looks like once you get there. You're on this vote for days and days and then you said you notice that something is actually different. When you're in this giro when you're in this place where all of this garbage is so you look out from the ship. And you're standing on the deck and you can see in the water. A lot of ghost nets and those are where he next from the fishing industry and ships will kind of all come together into huge masses. So you've got tons of different colors of net and you can see that some are kind of rope and summer is clearly you know cut from plastic but there's bullies of all different shapes and sizes. And then we would actually use a crane Mechanical crane that would pull up from the side of the ship down into the water and pull out those ghost net so we started doing that when we got to the patch because we notice them i. They're the biggest thing because the fishing and seafood industry actually is responsible for a lot of the trash a lot of the plastic specifically in the ocean and a lot of the plastic in the patch. So we could notice these big masses that were clearly all net and when we pulled them up on the back of the ship using this crane we had to pull fish out so we're pulling fish out and throwing them back in the water just trying to save what we can see and all the while little crabs are running out from these big masses but also in the water itself you can see you know broken pieces of plastic and we were tasked with keeping count because that was important for greenpeace's research so we could see everything from buckets to traffic cones to Just odd shapes and sizes to kind of recognizable shapes and sizes. I remember seeing what looked like the front of an air conditioning unit. Just kind of floating by in the water. But it's more concentrated there so you can see a lot more and then when you're closer to the water they would put us in smaller boats off the ship and when you're actually out in the water itself you notice that it's not just big floating pieces of plastic. We would send down divers and what they said was underneath the water surveys. There's all of these teeny tiny pieces these fragments of plastics. So those bigger pieces. I saw floating. They break down farther and farther and farther but they never fully go away and the bottom of the ocean is in the great pacific. Garbage patch is full of it. They could move their hands through the water and they'd be moving their hands through very small pieces of plastic and in some cases. Sometimes people talk about things called micro-plastics and they can be even smaller than what you can see with your eye right. So there's plastic all through the water in various sizes exactly and that was what i was just describing that the divers could see so all of the plastics that we know and we touch in our day to day. Lives if those aren't recycled properly and fully that means that they're either going to go into a landfill where they seep into the ground and they ruined the soil or they're going to go into the ocean and the water will break it down time if it doesn't end up on the shore but if not it's just slowly chipping away and those little micro-plastics that's what animals are you know when they are going. Further actual pray these sea creatures that we know and love when they're going to take a big gulp of say a fish in that big gulp getting tons of micro-plastics. So it's not just the big pieces that they're eating or that we see on the shores. It's these teeny tiny little specks but that was what greenpeace was out there. Doing lowering something into the water called. Trawl which run alongside the ship. We would pull it out and then we would sort through all of the micro-plastics so we're seeing all of these different colors blue. There's white there's bright pink barbie car and it really starts to mess with you after a while because that's thousands of little pieces and those aren't even the big ones that
Episode 53: Sophie And Willa
"That is the anniversary of the kentucky. Me our which you know is a very special event to me. I wrote a book about it. If you don't know what. I'm talking about It's a really weird of it. I did an episode about it. It's episode thirty two. I think it's called. It's called stranger things. I think it's up thirty. Two strange things. I would have gotten sued for stranger things Anyway i'm gonna do a youtube live reading and hang out. It'll be on march third. So this'll be the second year that we've done a live event around it online It'll be at seven pm eastern standard time. And i've got the link on the news section of the website the past and the curious dot com and i'll post it on social media. I don't have facebook long story anyway. let's do. This is welcome to episode fifty three of the past and the curious. My name is mix ullivan and this my thing you know. This episode is about sophie blanchard and willa brown to women who made history in the air. Some some great stuff. I'm really glad to hear out there. I love making the show. And i keep hearing from people that they wished that i could make it faster and believe you me. I wish that were true too. But i've got a job in a family and it's a lot of work to create so for the most part. I do the writing and editing and most of the reading all that takes time. So i thank you for bearing with me in the usually month between the shows but speaking of reading. I do have some guests reading this month. My friend lindi prickett sent her voice to me all the way from india. She and her daughter host a great show called newsy jacuzzi. I'm a big fan. I recommend it especially if you're looking for a kid centered current events show. That'll be lindy's voice. You hear on the story about sophie. Bland chart now also lending her voice to the story about will brown and actually voicing willa brown on a letter to eleanor. Roosevelt is edison smith from the all. Things madison podcast. A new kids. Listen friend that we've made so let's get started. It's never a good thing to wake up with icicles on your nose especially when you're alone in the basket of balloon but here was sophie. Blonde chard cold a little confused but luckily uh live and still dangling safely. Above the jagged earth ballooning at night was a favorite way to travel for her but perhaps crossing the alps was not her wisest decision. There was a good chance he might never have woken up after passing out from the combination of cold temperatures and low oxygen at the high altitude. The journey required. But if we're being honest it was her bravery and airborne grace that were celebrated. She was not well known for her safe decisions. Of course. this is the attitude. Typical of daredevil and sophie was the most famous daredevil in nineteenth century france perhaps more remarkable than her airborne antics is the way she was unfailingly adored by everyone. Despite france suffering through decades of frightening political chaos she witnessed and survived the french revolution a time. When so many others lost their heads to the guillotine. After the heads of louis the sixteenth anne marie antoinette fell victim to this sharp new device a man with no noble blood but firmly attached head wound up in charge he was known as emperor napoleon bonaparte and he was a huge fan of sophie's 'aeronautics years later france was in turmoil again and he was exiled sent away to make room for a new head on which to rest. The crown. the royal family was reinstalled on the throne and luckily the new monarch king louis. The eighteenth was as fun as sophie as everyone else had been as the country dramatically changed. She was a constant a point of pride and a woman of wonder. She didn't start out as wonder woman though she started out as a nervous girl. It said that she was not only painfully shy. But also afraid of nearly everything she'd encounter in public as a kid. She was terrified of huge horses and bouncing carts clog the cobbled streets really grew out of it sudden loud noises. Kurt jump even reduced to tears. A simple trip to the market could leave her in a poor state. On account of the overwhelming amount of frightening things she encountered. She was small tiny in fact and as a young woman. No one would have predicted the big things. She would do or the heights to which she would soar. She married a man named john. Pierre blanchard john pierre was famous he was also terrible businessman and pretty full of himself but he was the leading aaronow of the day which is what they call balloonists. At the time he had done a lot of things with his hydrogen balloon including flying across the english channel from england france. This was the first international flight but somewhere over the salty water he and his co-pilot realized they had too much weight in the basket. The men had to throw everything they brought with them over the side even their clothes so some of his fame may have stemmed from the fact that he flew into france in his underwear. His accomplishments were greater than that. But that's a tough one to live down in eighteen o four. He took twenty five year olds sophie for her first flight to the people who knew her. It was an absolute wonder that she'd said yes. If a horse and carriage horrified her to no end a basket dangling from a balloon high above the ground seemed even more horrifying but she didn't bat an eye and what she found in the air was peace. Quiet anna thrilling new perspective on the world. She was hooked and soon after they made a second trip to the clouds above france the third time. She made an ascent she was alone. Sophie blanchard became the first woman to make a solo flight in a balloon. Jean-pierre made his money by flying balloons for events or having people pay to join him in. The air balloon was popular in france but though he was the best he had plenty of competition. The competition cut into his prophet. To make matters worse he was terrible with money and owed plenty of it to other people. He and sophie realized a young woman daring enough to take to the clouds. Might attract some attention and money so she joined him making balloons the family business but there were highs and lows. One crash left jean-pierre unconscious and sophie and such shocked that she was unable to speak for weeks they recovered and undaunted they returned to the skies. But not long after that. Jean pierre had a heart attack while they dangled from the balloon. He die soon after leaving sophie in terrible debt. Thanks to his mismanage money. He didn't have much hope for her prospects as he was on his deathbed but while she would miss him. She knew she'd probably be better at the business side of things than he was turns out she was better at the ballooning to in a short amount of time she'd flown enough lights been hired enough times and was smart enough with her spending that she paid off all the debts. Jean-pierre had left from that point on it was life in the clouds for her. Oftentimes she would take to the skies in the beautiful balloon wearing a white dress and a white hat adorned with white ostrich feathers from the ground. She looked like
What's Slower Than Slow? (encore)
"In. It's all my board sports fan gear. Check it out. I've got my foam finger. Owed by mike boorda con x x x seve we. I is roman numerals. Yup got you onto to mindy. Doesn't also make here pop it on. Okay let's get out of your mini. Hey reggie has happy. Not your guy rasi. Aw thanks reg. Oh man look at the time. You're right reggie. We've got a bus to move arose out. Good morning everyone. My name is mindy. And i will be your pilot today on this non stop. Reggie flight to these snooze best arena just like to welcome you all board today in remind you to please keep your hands feet and other
Johannes Brahms 3: Hungarian Dancing
"Hello welcome to classics for kids. I may owe me lewin. The hungarian dances by yohannes. Brahms were never really meant to be danced to but that doesn't mean people in hungary don't dance dancing. There is much more a part of everyday life than it is for us here at the age of five or six in hungary. You've already dancer native dances. Richard graber lives in cleveland and directs. The hungarian dance company there. He says hungarian kids learn dances in school. And there are lots of hungarian. Dances to learn. Hungary's rush with the size of our state of indiana. So it's a small country but there are hundreds of different songs and different dances to dance. Real hungarian dances. You need real hungarian folk. Music and richard graber says hungarian dancers wear very colorful costumes. The women's costumes typically are a long skirt they have pretty glittery sequence on them in gold silver green red. Beautiful floral print embroidery. I'm the blouses. They wear these wonderful headpieces. Sometimes with beads female dancers aren't the only ones who get to wear something interesting. The men would usually wear a long sleeve white shirt with a colorful vest. The callers may be green red or solid black with embroidery on top of the black. And then they would also wear a hat a the hat to was also very common and then boots. Richard graber says male dancers can also wear pants with unusually wide legs. Now the wide legged pants looks like a skirt sometimes. So i get questions a lot from children asking me why we're skirt and then i kind of split my right leg up so that they can see that. It's a wide legged pant in hungarian we call that bugler. It's kind of a neat word. According to richard graber. Those pants are what hungarian shepherds used to wear. There's another unusual part of the male dancers costume an apron. The men would get these beautifully hand embroidered aprons from their mothers or their girlfriends or loved ones and there. It was not uncommon. To wear an apron like blacksmiths were aprons to wipe their hands in or wipe their tools or whatever Because these people you know they're peasants hardworking people. The main hungarian folk dance is the charter. Sch- charta is hungarian for village in. That's where people used to get together to play music and dance. Richard graber says the charter. Sch- is danced in couples. The man will have his hands on the women's waste and the woman will have her hand on the man's shoulders and they move side aside with the single josh which is a step together. Step together after that there are turns and spins and apart where the men all compete to see who can do the fanciest moves. Richard graber says that the charges ashes actually improvised. You make it up as you go along. Every region in hungary has its own family of basic steps. And once you learn the steps you can put them together any way you like to make your own dance. A hungarian dance called the verbal kosher. Started as a way to get young men to join the army. There were recruiters that came through. The village of word would spread dance. Would begin would perform this dance together and then go off to war. Women have their own dances to at weddings and festive occasions. The women would balance bottles of wine on their head and go around and dance and this too often became very competitive Who could balance the longest. Who could do the most tricks while the bottle is on their head. There were more hungarian dances. That use everyday objects. You have dances. That are more typically done by the men that involve tools of their trade. Like a stick the separates would have recall a bolo or sticks when there's no one around the play instruments dancers provide their own music in the danube region. We have what's called a putty casual or a circle dance. That's typically done by the women. It's a close circle. They would sing songs so that would be their accompaniment and then do a series of dance steps while they sang. That's just a small sample of hungarian folk dances next week. Music that classical composers based on dances from other countries in europe. I'm naomi lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with tim led her g. Uc cincinnati please. Listen again
How much screen time is too much?
"To talk to our friends which is extra important during the pandemic everything we do. These days seems to involve screens heck might piano even has a screen so if we need them so much then can it. Be all that bad for us. It's not like my parents are limiting their screen time. They both work on the computer all day long and i see them on their phones texting or whatever. So what's the problem. If we need them so much then can screens. Be all that bad for us. Homered screen time is too much. I
What Are Robots Doing On Mars?
"We're putting out a special episode because something neat is happening this week that we wanted to make sure you are aware of on thursday february eighteenth. A robot called a rover is expected to land on the surface of mars and begin collecting information. Scientists hope will help us learn if life ever existed on that planet. The rover is called perseverance. Perseverance means not giving up continuing to work toward a difficult goal. Even when challenges are placed. In your way and it's quite a challenge just to get to mars. The rover was launched on a rocket from cape canaveral in florida. More than six months ago by nasa the us space agency and it has been traveling through space ever since on a path to mars and now people all over the world are eager to watch. It landed on the planet and get to work by the way it's not just perseverance. That's going to land on mars. There's also a helicopter called ingenuity ingenuity means cleverness creativeness and resourcefulness. All rolled into one word. Ingenuity the helicopter is basically a drone. There's no one inside flying around just as there are no people on board the rover but ingenuity is the first helicopter to ever test fly on another planet so when nasa reached out to us this week to ask if we'd like to do an interview with one of the scientists helping to lead this mission to mars we said yes and we brought along some of your questions about mars for him to answer to. Here's who will be talking to in this episode. My name is mitch. Solti and i am the program scientist at nasa headquarters for the mars. Two thousand twenty mission and the perseverance rover. It's a very cool job. So i get to. I get to send stuff to mars. Which is really fun. We're sending a rover which is a copy of the previous rover but it has all new instruments on it. And i was the person at nasa headquarters who was responsible for running the process to decide which instruments we got to put on the rover. How cool does that job sound now. On thursday the rover which has been flying through space since july. Thirtieth of last year will finally approach and then touchdown on mars. I thought maybe some of the people who work at nasa would be running around doing important and kind of crazy things on thursday morning to make sure the land and goes well. I told me actually not really what will happen is that the rover will make its final approach to mars and go through the atmosphere and go through the whole process of safely landing the rover on the ground so that we can start doing great science. So you don't have to do anything here on earth you just sit back and watch pretty much because we've already preprogrammed the rover to do all of that stuff on. Its own because trying to do it. In real time is not possible because mars and earth so far apart so a signal radio signal between earth and mars takes eleven minutes and twenty two seconds on thursday to go all the way from earth to mars and then eleven minutes and twenty two seconds to come back from mars to earth. So we don't have time to do it in real time. The whole process of the rover landing on mars only takes about seven minutes. So we can't. We can't do anything to the rover in real time to correct anything so it's all been pre-programmed to do landing on its own. You could kind of picture it like trying to have a conversation with someone where your phone lines are delayed and you say something but then if you had to wait eleven minutes for the person to respond but you had already said something else. just you couldn't have a conversation like that or tell somebody what to do on the other end of a phone line like that. That's exactly right. And and we've all been experiencing that as we're working from home doing all everything by zoom there. Is that delay that you get and that really is a problem. If something is happening that you need to tell the rover to do so we make sure that it accounts for all of those things beforehand so that it can do them without without asking us without us having to tell it what to do. Hi my name is aria. I'm five years old. I i wanna know what the role bunch are doing on mars arias. I want to know what the robots are doing on mars. That's a great question. So the robots on mars are doing a lot of science and doing a lot of exploring so there are a lot of things that we know about mars but there are a whole lot of things that we don't know about marceau so every time we send a new mission to mars and a new rover we send it to a different place to figure out a new part of the planet and we want to study the geology. We wanna learn what happened to that particular area to make it look like it does and that also tells us a lot about what has happened to the planet through its whole history so we see on earth that variety of things have happened on earth and we can read that in the in the rocks and so we want to do the same thing at mars to really understand the whole history of the planet and one of the more interesting things that we're doing this time that we haven't really done before in the rocks at the surface of mars to figure out if if life had ever started on mars if it may have left behind some signs that it was there. It's going to a place that we haven't been before call jezreel crater.
Heroines Week Sybil Ludington (3-2-2021)
"It's heroines week where we talk about your roic women from history. Tonight's heroin is suitable leading ten a brave hero. Who may have helped save america. We don't know exactly what happened but this is the story that people have told about what happened. Many years ago in the seventeen hundreds before america was called the united states the british and americans were wore it was called the revolutionary war and the americans were fighting to be free from the british and become their own country switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and brush all the way to the molars in the back was born in america and when she was just a teenager. Symbols dad was a famous leader on the american side of the war. One dark night. A messenger came to warn symbols. Dad that the british soldiers were coming to attack their town. Symbols dad had to warn everyone on their side. But how could he. That's where civil comes in switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brushing little circles around each tooth symbol was a fantastic horse writer so her father entrusted her with a dangerous mission to warn everyone that the british were coming. It was pitch black outside and simple. Had to write fast but also quietly so no british spies civil road through the night telling every soldier she could find good or dad's house and prepare for battle switzer rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. Your tongue brush to by the time she was done over. A hundred. American soldiers had gathered for the fight. Civil was commended for her bravery and even got personal. Thank you from general. George washington who would later become the first president of the united states. And that's why symbol leading ten is today's
The Uncommon Offering feat. Ruthie Ann Miles
"The the break. The chief announced competition whoever could bring his daughter ana the most precious rare and uncommon would win her in marriage. Ana was already in love with a humble young man named minute. Minute barely had a penny to his name and does he headed back to his village. After meeting the chief he felt like dark clouds swirling over his head. Oh what am i going to do. I love with all my heart. And she loves me but dozens of princes and warriors will show up tomorrow with fancy gifts. Expensive gifts gifts that i can only dream of. What can i offer little more than the clay jar used to fetch water from the river. Each morning manu slumped his shoulders of just have to face it. I will never be together again as minute. Trudged on he felt a lump form in his throat soon. His eyes were so misty with tears. He could hardly see when he reached the river. He collapsed on a rock. Put his head in his hands and let out a sob then knew he heard a voice a tiny familiar voice coming from a bush with broad green leaves and small white flowers new. Why the tears. What troubles you my friend. Money wiped his eyes and appeared at the bush poised on a silky web glistening with do the spider the little white spider that who had rescued from the river all those months ago the same day he had. I caught sight of honor adrift in her canoe. Moniteur breath and told the spider everything that happened starting with his initial encounter with on and ending with her father's seemingly impossible challenge So you're telling me. The chief wants honest souders to bring her a precious offering something rare uncommon. That's right and how can common guy like me find something like that. The spider gazed at monaco with all eight of her bright. Bulbous is listen. Manu back when you and i met. I told you. I wanted to repay you for saving my life. Perhaps now i can. Finally the spider stopped short. A bright green eighth amid had wandered into the web and gotten stuck fast. Before you can say lunch is served. The spider darted over to the hapless insect and wrapped its wriggling body in a bundle of silk then she scurried back to mono i was saying when you pulled me out of the river manu. I wanted to do something to show my gratitude now. I finally found my chance. Come back to this. Bush first thing and i promise you'll be well on your way toward winning the chiefs contest. Monnou didn't sleep a wink that night. He tossed and turned for hours his head swirling with visions of the treasures honest suitors would bring sparkling jewelry hand carved statues exotic birds with feathers of every color. How could a tiny white spider possibly compete with that as the first rays of sun edged over the horizon minute pulled himself out of bed and trudged down to the river. The forest was especially quiet at the air was heavy with mist when mani reached the broad leafed bush with a small white flowers. He found the spider waiting. He noticed her whip was gone instead. She was perched on a leaf. Good morning my new to chiefs giving everyone until sundown to present their gifts to ana. So why do you say we get crack in money. Watched the spider begin dancing about eight little legs. The tiny creature wiggled this way into that and began to spin a web the spider scuttled to and fro back and forth spinning strand of fine slender thread. She spun silk around and around in a circle leaving an sorts of designs suns and stars clouds and rainbows butterflies and birds hours past the web group. Bigger and manos is grew wider. Eventually the spider had both in a web the size of a shawl it's great expansive shimmering silk sparkling in the mid afternoon sun after awhile. The spider as if surveying her work then. She crawled to the very center of the began spinning faster than when she came to a stop. Wow news jaw dropped for in the middle of the web what did he see but an orchid delicate dazzling silver. Orchid honors fevered flower. Take this web to honor. Show her your treasure. Her you love manoukian could hardly find words to think the spider beaming from ear to ear detached. The glittering web from the bush then took off running before long. He joined a procession of men parading toward honest village as manu and his fellow suitors walked. You noticed the exotic treasures. They had brought necklaces dripping with diamonds. Goblets made of silver and gold. Massive chests carved from the rarest of would when the suitors reached the village all of on his neighbors were mulling around outside eager to watch the contest in the middle of the crowd. Standing tall with his burly arms crossed in front of his chest was the chief sitting beside him was honor looking more beautiful than ever and to monitor thought more broken hearted than ever she was slouched in her share with her shoulders slumped and her eyes dull one by one. The young men laid their offerings at on his feet. At the sight of each new treasure the chief would turn to his daughter. And say. Isn't that marvelous or isn't that squeezy or isn't that spectacular ana would just sigh and say nothing at last minute reach the front of the line. Breath then lifted his trembling hands and held up his offering the glistening gossamer shawl the very first piece of neon do lace. The world had ever seen as the delicate silky threads caught the rays of the sun. The shaw began to glow and on is began to twinkle. Smile radiated across her face as she beheld the stars and rainbows the butterflies and birds and of course the dazzling orchid and then as monarch bent down to lay the shawl over on his shoulders. She sprung from her seat wrapped her arms around monaco and gave her beloved older warm passionate. Kiss as the couple embraced. The other suitors grumbled with the villagers cheered with joy and ask for honest father chief. He made an announcement. Ladies and gentlemen we have a winner. Manu has
Dino Edition: How do we know what dinosaurs looked like?
"Eliana from brains on. Yes i love this show. This is dino edition from brains on an american public media. I'm ali bloom in minneapolis and eliana in new york city today on the show what dinosaurs were actually like an how scientists have figured that but first a look at traffic with sand in totten molly the traffic out here today bonkers living dinosaurs sitting on tree branches. There are finding worms there flying every which way overhead say living. Dinosaurs has seen eaten seven bags of cotton candy again. Well yes i have. But i'm right about the living dinosaurs thing you see. Dinosaurs were a big and varied group of animals. We know about hundreds of different dinosaurs but there were probably many many many more that we don't know about a lot what we know about them comes from fossil which are basically bits of dinosaurs that wound up preserved in many of these fossils are bones. But they're also fossilized dino poop footprint skin impression feathers cake recipes. Okay not recipes but just to that scott and by looking at those feathers dinosaur bones. Scientists came to the startling amazing conclusion that some dinosaurs evolved into birds. Yes birds that means that all birds evolved from the same group of meeting dinosaurs. That includes tyrannosaurus rex. So that's why these birds are in fact while living dinosaurs and once coming this way low little cutie you tiny widow ends of that t rex clinton possibly her no. I don't have any bird seed. Sorry or worms or stop. Stop picking at me gotta run. Well thank you sanford. That informative traffic report. You're listening to dino addition questions per dino edition and come from brains on listeners. Asking incredible questions for many years running like hello. My name is leeann from -tario -tario in my question is why are these shooting dinosaurs or earth tone colors. 'cause birds descend from dinosaurs. In birds are very colorful. Answer to liam's question will be heard in a minute. You can send your questions to brains. John at brains on dot org slash contact. You're listening to dino addition. I'm elliot and i'm molly if you've ever been to a natural history museum chances are you've seen a replica of a dinosaur skeleton. There it is all dug up and shiny reassembled and propped up on some metal poles. Pretty amazing right. But you know what's missing everything else. No skin no fat. There's no muscles or eyelids. So how do scientists think about what was on the outside of dinosaurs. Sometimes fossils have clues but other times they don't in those cases. Scientists look at living animals to make educated guesses. We're looking for some of these real live animals to give us a call and tell us what that's like. Let's go to the phones. Our first caller is an elephant. Hello Yes i am. Elephant scientists. compare me to soar pod dinosaurs. you know the big diagnosed with a super long necks entails their forelegs eat plants. Yeah scientists thinks pods might have been brownish like me because even though we're not very closely related we live similar. Lives where we're big vegetarians. Plus bright colors make it easier for other animals to eat us so muted shades probably sued us best lau crate point from that elephant. Thanks for calling in up next. We have a crocodile. Yeah can you hear me. Yes crocodile. you're on the line with dino edition okay great longtime listener first-time caller so. I just wanted to say me and the other crocodiles. We didn't choose to be these. Dr greener tan colors. We evolved over millions of years earth. Tones help us blend in and you can get a lot more to eat if you blend in well also dinosaurs and crocodiles actually go way back we have a common ancestor. That lived two hundred and fifty million years ago. It gave rise to both dinosaurs and crocodiles. But that's another story. Well okay. let's take one more caller a cardinal. Yes i'm a huge fan of the show. Thanks for taking my call anyway yeah. I'm a cardinal. Bright red small beak. I want to say yes. I am beautifully colored. But it's not all me like flamingos my coloring cubs from what i eat. See the seeds. I eat have chemicals called keratin. Lloyd's that make by bright red coloring so for example. Meat eating dinosaurs. They wouldn't have been eating these kinds of chemicals. 'cause they couldn't have got bright red coloring the same way that i do at card. Scientists say that some dinosaurs had their own versions of bright coloring colors. That didn't depend on their diet. That is so interesting. And i think that's all the time we have a bright color can help you attract mates. Scientists say. That's what my bright red brothers do for me. Okay thanks for calling in. It's always so great to from our audience. Hoops looks like we lost that. Call to sum up those insights earth. Tones might have helped dinosaurs blend in. But it's also true that for some dinosaurs. Bright colors could have helped them find mates more on dino colors in a bit but eliana. We've just received a
Biting the Lion
"Hello welcome to stories podcast. I'm your host amanda weldon. Today's story is called biting the lion. An adaptation of an ace ops fable written for you by daniel hynes. Today we'd like to say a special. Thank you to zoe. Aurora and luna and their family in tampa florida benicio and his family georgetown texas zeh sh- and arwen and bear family in raleigh north carolina wilder and his family in petrolia california james coyle and his in staten island new york jasper pressler and his family. And jack kate and jane gibson and their family in goleta california you so much. Jane kate jack. Jasper james wilder are win. Xavier benicio luna aurora and. Zoe you are part of what makes it possible for us to continue to produce fun news stories for our listeners. If you would like to support stories podcast and get every episode ad free head over to patriotdepot dot com slash stories and join for just one dollar a month if you'd like access to all of our e books or to receive a thank you in a future episode. That's also available at patriotair dot com slash stories. We have new stories podcasts. Face masks available check those out. Plus all of our other merch at stories podcasts dot com slash shop and. Don't forget to follow us on instagram at stories. Podcast if you send us a drawing of your favorite scene or character we'll share it on our feed. Now here's a word from our sponsors join over three million businesses worldwide that use indeed for hiring hire great people faster with indeed only pay for results and get back time in your schedule indeed dot com is the hiring site that helps you find quality candidates and now within deeds new instant match feature. You can view quality candidates whose resumes on indeed fit your description immediately after a job post according to indeed data more than eighty percents of employers. Get a list of quality candidates the moment they upgrade their job post and the candidates that are invited to apply through instant notch Three times more likely to apply to your job than those who only see it in search with indeed. There's no waiting real results making it the only job site that can move as quickly as you do. Indeed delivers equality. Shortlists faster so you can do the part you need to do faster. Meeting hiring great people want your quality. Shortlist fast you need indeed right now our listeners. Get a free seventy five dollars. Credit to upgrade your job post at indeed dot com slash stories. This is indeed best offer available anywhere. Get a free seventy five dollars. Credit at indeed dot com slash stories indeed dot com slash stories offer valid through march thirty first terms and conditions. Apply looking for a nutritious and delicious snack. Well look no further than perfect snacks with their lineup of fresh from the fridge protein snacks. Perfect snacks is exactly what you and your family need to keep your twenty twenty one healthy eating goals going strong made with freshly ground peanut butter organic honey and twenty organic superfoods. Perfect snacks has a variety of products like protein bars and peanut butter cups. That are all so good and good for you. You're sure to find something. You love my favorite or the peanut butter cups. Sure these tastes even better than the junk food kind and they're full of protein so they actually fill you up. They taste like a treat when you're eating them but then they actually feed and nourish your body amazing. Perfect snacks are made with only whole food ingredients. So they're stored in the fridge to keep them fresh. They're all non. Gmo project certified gluten free soy free kosher and low so grab one after a workout or for a quick bite between zoom meetings and feel good about what. You're snacking on right now. Perfect snacks is offering fifteen percent off. Your online order. Just go to perfect snacks dot com slash stories shop. They're refrigerated snacks at perfect snacks dot com slash stories. Today to get fifteen percent off your order. We want you to be prepared for snack time. Go to perfect dot com slash stories to stock up and save fifteen percent. Thanks enjoy the episode biting the lion. Once upon a time there was a mighty lion named hari. He stood taller than a man. His for was as gold as honey and his teeth were as white as milk. Each paul was bigger than a dinner plate and tipped with claws sharper than a steak knife. He moved so fast he could run down a cheetah and his jaws were so strong he could bite a boulder clean in half and that was on a bad day. I'm the biggest. I'm the baddest. I'm the king of beasts. He would roared anyone who got in his way he was always shouting at the other animals and anyone who dared to stand up to him would get swatted with a massive paw and sent rolling into the dirt. Finally after years of abuse. The other animals all got together to figure out a way to get hari. The lion to stop knocking them around. That lyon needs to be stopped. Said an antelope when all the animals had gathered. But what can we do. Honk the warthog. Yesterday he made me eat a dirt sandwich. I mean i like sandwiches generally but the dirk was a little dry would have been better as a mud sandwich. Nothing like a good mud sandwich especially when you get all the worms in their wriggling out a little gravel to mine too for some crunch sandwiches. Aside purred the tiger. We need to stand up to this bully. If we don't he'll just keep on bothering us for ever. He thinks he's so funny. Cackled a hyena. He grabbed my pond. Slapped my own face with it. He kept saying. Stop hitting yourself stopping yourself. I tried to stop but he was so strong. He said i must like it. If i'm laughing but i can't help it. That's just what i sound like. He said i was too small to even bother picking on buzzed in that he called me a big green noodle said the anaconda slithering out of some sticks debate off by tail added zebra. It wasn't much of a tail but it was all i had out of nowhere. The lion landed next to them. With a thump his claws were out and his eyes were flashing dangerously. Did i hear you nerds talking about me. Hari said you think you're better than the king of beasts. Just leave us alone said the antelope. Just leave us alone. The lion said back mocking. He pushed her shoulder and sent her tumbling into the dirt. I'm in charge here and don't you forget it. You shouldn't be so mean. The warthog said oh. I shouldn't the lion asked. Sounds like someone wants another desserts. Sandwich like to see you ari. The warthog said backing up and shaking. His long tusks hari roared and prowled up the wardhaugh grunted and charged forward his sharp tusks low and deadly before he could get close though the lions swat it out with one hulking. Paw it caught the warthog across the rump. And he went rolling a mud ball into the bushes. High hari roared anyone else. Want to challenge the king of beasts wipes he asked zebra care for a rematch. If you win a find new tail for ya. The zebra looked away but the anaconda slithered up your big. But i a longer she said. I think it's time for a new king of beasts one who isn't such a big arrogant
World Wildlife Day with Dr. Gabby Wild
"Four three from elephants to access a lot in the next ten minutes. We'll get the lowdown on what's up with wildlife with our very special guest. Dr gabby wild. I'm bethany van delft and this is the news. March third is world wildlife day. Dave reclaimed by the united nations to celebrate and raise awareness of the world's wild animals. Implants worldwildlife day was first established in two thousand thirteen and it's become the world's most important annual event dedicated to wildlife this year's theme highlights the connection between forests and communities according to the world wildlife day website between two hundred and three hundred fifty million people live within or adjacent to forest areas around the world relying on the various ecosystem services provided by the forests an for species for their livelihoods and to cover their most basic needs including food shelter energy and medicines. That's a lot of people and even if you don't happen to live in or near forests this world. Wildlife day reminds us how connected we all are as humans to the natural world. We can think of a better guess for world wildlife day than a vet who has traveled the world saving animals. Dr gabby wild. You might know her from animal jam classic where she's answer. Lots of questions kids about wild animals. And i got to talk to her about what. It's like being wildlife fat so exciting. My name is dr gabby wild. I'm a wildlife veterenarian. What does it mean to be a wildlife vet as you know instead of a regular that would bring our pets too. What does it mean to be a wildlife et cetera When you bring your pets to the today doctor usually if it's a dog or a cat you're seeing a general practitioner so we call those small animal veterinarians but then a wildlife that we actually went with species like all of these different types of species all over the world and the just not owned by anyone. they're owned by nature. If you will. Did you know that you wanted to be a vet when you were little and if you did. Did you know you want it to be this type of edison's i was four years old. I knew i wanted to be veterinarian. I always loved animals. Always always. But then when i saw the lion king when i was four years old i decided to move also would not have die if i was his veterinarian. You would have by the way. Unfortunately but what i can say that solidified it within me and i then went to other veterinarians in shadow them as a child. I worked at different shelters in just tried to get experience working with animals. It's really important to know that veterenarians don't just hit puppies all day. We have to deal with the disease and you have to understand science and medicine and if you like that being a veterinarian is exactly what you should do. You have a super cool book. It's with national geographic and it's called wild adventures animals around the world with dr. Gabby wild that is the coolest thing Do you wanna talk a little bit about the process of doing your book. So making a book is like a dream. Come true because now. I get to bring my attention to you and you can come on my journeys and see what i what i do. You can meet some of my patients. You can travel the well. Then meet the people we work with. It's really. it's really cool to be able to do that. And i was just the so overwhelmingly happy. When i got all these emails from kids all over the world to say this is so cool. Can you tell me about this. You teach me about that. What about this and kids are amazing. I find children to be way cooler than adults because you ask much better questions. So because of that national geographic. Said you know what i think. This is a kids book together. We wrote this book and we discuss discuss which stories were meaningful. But i really love each of the stories. Because i think you get to feel more what it what it's like so all of the stories one Wonderful story is about your time in thailand and being able to communicate with a very special elephant. How do elephants communicate in many different ways. You go to the zoo and you stayed at a little while and you just kind of meditate. Close your eyes and just meditate and feel the ground if there are more than two elephants and they're separated. You might feel a little bit of a vibration. That's them communicating with each other in. What's called infra style. So that's one way that they communicate and yes they have a whole language. We can't hear it because it's below. What are our auditory system can detect but they communicate that way the obviously communicate through the auditory system. We can hear the audible system so you hear them beating and they need different things. These are different indications. they obviously also communicate through touch. They communicate so they actually used their trunks. Like little fingers actually very sensitive they. It's very funny. In fact my. I cover my car. Any ms tonto wa. By an elephant's knows that. Whenever i come to him warning i always bring us breakfast. Always hide it behind my back. It's usually sugar cane sticky rice or bananas and she always takes trunk and puts it behind my back to see what her treat is in the morning. So that meant she always picks on me to play with me with a little bigger and then of course facial expressions just like us that were that were able to read from. I come to learn what the facial expressions and they can read each other march third is world wildlife day. So why is that day special. Why should we know about it am why is it important. Some people might say it's important because they protect the environment and then we have that circle of light and we have that ecosystem protected so for example. I always love to go back to my elephants so if we discuss an elephant what does its job. It's job besides being really awesome is to take dead trees and to rake them up and with that soil gets turned up. That's extremely important. In addition to that creates new homes but those trees now fallen and it makes us soil a lot more conducive to new growth so these are examples of animals revolves in the other essential in this ecosystem. They can provide us with health benefits. They can inspire us. We celebrate wildlife because we share this planet with them. It's not a knee brisk than us and it's our will and it's our responsibility to share it appropriately and that's why wilt wildlife day is so exciting because it's a chance to say one planet one will altogether. Do you have a favorite animal that
Heroines Week Helen Keller and Annie Sullivan (3-2-2021)
"Helen. Keller and annie sullivan lived a little more than one hundred years ago. Helen was blind and deaf which means she couldn't see or hear. Her world was dark and quiet. Helen's parents wanted to communicate with her but they couldn't figure out how she couldn't learn to speak because she couldn't hear people talk. She had a hard time expressing what she needed and she'd have temper tantrums out of frustration. That's where any sullivan comes in switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and brush all the way to the molars in the back. Helen's parents knew she needed help. So they hired anne sullivan to be her teacher. Anne did our best to teach helen some words by spelling them. Into the palm of helen's hand. She gave helen doll and traced the letters d. o. l. l. the word doll into helen's palm but helen didn't quite seem to understand switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth pressure front teeth. One day and he got an idea using a water pump. She held helen's hand under a water and spelled w. a. t. e. r. the word water over and over and over again. Finally how in got it. Everything had a name. Helen became obsessed with learning and worked. Hard to learn a ton of words. Ellen learned to read using a special niche called braille. She learned to write and to learn to speak switcher rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth and get your tongue brush to how to college. She published books and she started her own foundation to help other people with disabilities. Helen traveled to thirty. Nine countries met with world leaders and in nineteen sixty four was given a special award the presidential medal of freedom and anne well. Helen and anne remained lifelong friends and movie was made about. Annie's work called the miracle worker because their determination and bravery helen. Keller and annie sullivan are. Today's chompers heroin. That's it for jumpers today but comeback tonight for more wondrous winning until then three. Thanks to our sponsor
Heroines Week Khutulun (3-1-2021)
"Heroines week and every day. We'll be talking about different. He roic women from history. Tonight we've got the story of cudi hyun one of the most powerful female warriors in ancient time span. In ancient times there was a kingdom in asia called the mongol empire. The mongol empire was ruled by leaders called the cons and could a unit was the daughter of the great khan kydoo could unit was strong and smart and brave and an excellent warrior switcher rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and brush the molars in the way back to now in the mongol empire. People loved sports but it wasn't football or soccer. The people loved one of the most popular sports was wrestling and could have known. She was a great wrestler. Many men in the land wanted to marry her. But could you said that the only way she would marry a man is if he could beat her at wrestling her challenge was if the man one she would marry him but of kuda. You're one he would have to give her. One hundred horse switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brush the inside outside and chewing side of each tooth men from all over. The kingdom came to wrestle coup. Each one thinking he would be the one to finally beat her but none of them could match her skill and strength could he and beat them. All each man gave her one hundred horses and soon she was one of the richest people in the kingdom. With more than ten thousand horses switzer rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth and brush your front teeth to could you with never defeated and she became a trusted leader. In the great khan's army today. Her legend lives on as one of the greatest wrestlers in warriors of her time so because of her strength and her butt kicking skills could unit is tonight's heroin
Heroines Week Xi Ling Shi (3-1-2021)
"Good morning we hope. You're ready to have a super week because it's heroines. Week on jumpers every day. We'll be talking about different awesome woman from history. A heroin are winning do great things and are remembered for the river and achievements but first let's get brushing our first who roic woman lived a long long time ago. In ancient china. her name was empress schilling. She and she discovered something that changed. China forever is another way of saying a woman. Ruler like a queen empress schilling. She ruled over ancient china with her husband. Emperor wangdi the story goes that the empress was in her garden. One day enjoying a cup of tea when a bug fell in her but to the emperor's freak out about a bugging her t know. I'll tell you what she did you switzer brushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and brush all the way to the molars in the back. The uppers was a freaked out by the bugging her teeth. She was fascinated. She plucked the little bug out of the cheat. And started examining worm and it was wrapped up in a cocoon. The empress began unraveling the coon and saw something like string. It was beautiful and very fine. String unlike anything ever seen before the string was silk. Switch rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brush inside outside and chewing side of each a worm was a silk worm. The i saw that the little silkworm had fallen from a special tree that she was sitting under and she had an idea. She wanted to use strings. The silkworms grew to make soft and beautiful fabric. That we now call the numbers jailing. She asked the emperor to plant more of the special trees. So that more of the little silkworms would have a place to live and grow more. Silk switcher rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. Your tongue brush to the empress's plan a huge success. Everyone wanted to buy the soft silk. Today ambush ealing. She is still known as silkworm mother and because of her inventiveness is today's chompers heroin that's
Nature Week Night Poetry (2-28-2021)
"Welcome back it's time for more chompers your morning and night tooth brushing show its nature week and tonight we have more koos for you but for start brushing on the top of your mouth pick aside and brush the inside the outside and the chewing side of each tooth remember. A haiku is a type of short poem that has a specific rhythm but doesn't have to rhyme haiku have three lines and each line has a certain number of beats. The first line has five. Beats the second line has seven beats and the last line has five meets again. Here's an example of a haiku by very famous japanese poet named matsuo basho underneath the eaves. Blooming large hydrangea over brims. Its leaves switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and give your tongue. Brush to eve's are part of a roof. And hydrangea is a really big beautiful flower. So this poem is about a big beautiful flower blooming up against house so now we're going to reach more haiku and you get to guess what they're about Graceful bird standing on one leg in the river. Pink bird eats pink. Shrimp about switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth and make little circles with your brush around Flamingos sound like this are beautiful vibrant pink birds. But they aren't born that color. Flamingos are actually born with gray feathers. Looming goes bright. Pink color comes from the food that they eat. Flamingos eat a lot of shrimp and other foods that give them their bright pink color. The more they eat the pinker they get switzer rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. don't forget keep brushing our final. Haiku is from one of our champions kendall. It's about a hibiscus. Which is a beautiful colorful flower. Spiraling colors on the hibiscus. Flower pretty grass green leaves. Thanks sending us this haiku kendall. We love it. That's it for chompers tonight. You did a great job
Nature Week Morning Poetry (2-28-2021)
"Rise and shine. It's time for chompers your morning and night tooth brushing show its nature week and today where share some poems with you but i start brushing on the top of your mouth on one side and brush the molars in the way to today. We're talking about a kind of poem called haiku. Haiku were first written in japan and they're very short poems that follow a special pattern. Haiku have only three lines and each line in the poem has a certain number of beats haiku. Follow a rhythm that goes like this one two three four five one two three four five six seven one. Two three four five switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and brush your tongue to. Here's an example of haiku by a very famous japanese poet named matsumoto. basho seed. You can hear the five seven five pattern and our first haiku on a with third bow. A crow alone is perching autumn evening now. This icu is about a crow on the branch of a tree. That's lost its leaves. Because it's fall or autumn switching rushing to the bottom of your mouth and shoulda brushed the inside the outside and the chewing side of each tooth.
"Hello this is. Richard and berties asked me to read you a story from ancient greece about a musician. Who used his sweet voice to charm his way. Down to the underworld the underworld was where the ancients believed the souls of the dead lived and it was rather unusual for a living human to visit. It's gloomy regions. His name was orpheus. And birdie has written this story about him in verse. I speak of a man of sweet honey melody whose love sick heart had no remedy but to travel to win none before sad souls who live no more have been and seen and narrow comeback land of death where all is black which where we start is under the sun of ancient greece where legends begun off. Use his name and music. He made like no other who sang or played his notes unfold upon the breeze. He woos the birds he charms. The trees no living thing is quite immune when all few plays his tender choon. His skill commands the strings of the lia- under his orders. It sings like a choir of love for a woman. Eurydice easy though. His tongue was tied in speech. He as a man who hardly knew her walked by his side and tried to woo without reply her pretty head she turned away and no word said she sixteen a sweet shepherdess. Her heart not hard but i tell you know less than twenty suit to. She had turned away for. She thought it too soon to see her wedding day but then he sang and his sweet voice carried straight to her heart and soon they were married. Oh what our wedding. I wish you were there to join the feast in open air. A thousand guests a handful human. The piper god pan and his crewmen nymphs dryades satyrs and forms. Demi gods dancing all over the lawns hormones and has sprout from their faces for ancient. Greece was one of those places. Perilously populated by peculiar creatures. Who in modern times don't often reach us. Then gods mingled with mankind and often offspring. They left behind back then. No one thought it queer to see a girl with a headline deer or we're not wondering some woodland track
Nature Week Night Jokes (2-27-2021)
"Its nature week and tonight we've got more jokes that'll get you laughing as hard as a hyena. Here's your first joke. Why didn't the sheep go to school. Fly because she felt bad. Have you ever seen a picture of a big fluffy sheep one that looks like a cloud. The puffy part is the sheep's hair called it's fleece fleece is where we get one from to make comfy wool sweaters and warm welcomes new switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and keep on brushing. Here's your next joke. Why was the cat scared of the tree. Why because it had too much bark. Cats have been kept as pets by humans for about ten thousand years. The cats we keep as pets. Today are related to giant wildcats like tigers lions will and jaguars rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brush the molars in the we. Here's another joke for you. Why do dolphins rarely make mistakes because they do everything on. Porpoise porpoises are kind of like the dolphins cousin porpoises and dolphins both have a greyish color. They both eat things like fish and squid and they both have holes on their heads that they blow air out of called a blowhole but there are some ways you can tell them apart switcher rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. Your tongue brush to dolphins love to jump and play and talk. A lot are a little more shy and usually only come above the waves to breathe in air. Dolphins have long skinny noses but porpoise snouts are shorter and rounder and dolphin. Teeth are pointy and sharp. Porpoise teeth are round and flat. Okay
Orange Snow & Winter Blues
"And nine eight seven six four three. I'm bethany van bell but this is no ordinary episode of ten news. This is the ten news get extra. Spring is about to sprain so today we're saying so long to winter bye-bye witter by by by looking back at some of the cool things we've learned about it this year. get cool. See what they did there so bundle up for a deep dive into winter. The ten news style. Have you noticed that the days are getting longer as the sun sets of little later each day. Back on the shortest day of the year aka the winter solstice our friends jacob. Olivia from the curious kid. Podcast explains what's up with the change in daylight hours. Check it out. Hey everybody did you enjoy the sunshine on monday if you did you were able to get. The most out of the shortest day of the year aren't off as twenty four hours. Yes but i'm talking about the amount of time between sunrise and sunset. Monday december twenty first was the winter solstice for those of us in the northern hemisphere. It was the darkest day of the year with only about nine hours and fifteen minutes between sunrise and sunset. that means almost fifteen hours of darkness. Let's learn some fun. Facts about the winter solstice and went soc this birch the official start of winter. That's right winter. Started on monday. Going forward there will be more and more daylight every single day until we get to summer. That's all exciting. I can't wait for the nice warm summer months. Hang in there because it will get colder before it gets warmer. So don't put away your warm coats yet. A little more daylight is not going to give us warmer weather right away. One weather is being enjoyed by people in the southern hemisphere right now. And that's because the winter solstice in the northern hemisphere takes place at the same moment as the summer solstice in the southern hemisphere intake. Scheme right now. South of the equator people are enjoying long days and warm weather for the start of summer. And here's a fun fact that will blow your mind. The one show. This has nothing to do with how far away
Nature Week Morning Jokes (2-27-2021)
"Hey there it's time for chompers. Your morning and night rushing. Joe brushing on the top of your mom pick aside and make a rush the inside the outside and chewing side of each tooth today. We've got a bunch of jokes about nature and we would be disappointed if you don't think they're funny yet. It would. is this thing on one. Okay here's your first job. What kind of haircuts do bees have. Looked buzz cuts switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth. Your tongue a little brush to okay. Here's another joke for you. Why didn't the orca show up for work. He wasn't feeling well. Orcas are a type of whale but you may know them by their other name killer. Whales orcas got the nickname killer whales because they're carnivores that means the eat meat orcas eat big sea creatures like sea lions seals. Even sharks switcher rushing to the bottom of your mouth and make sure you brush your front teeth as well. Here's another joke. What did the tree say to the squirrel. Leave me alone okay. Okay here's another one. Would the squirrel say back to the tree your nuts rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth and brush the molars all the way in the back of the now. Here's one last joke before we go. Why did the tree get a new job. It wanted to branch out.
Nature Week Night Interview (2-26-2021)
"A your morning and night tooth brushing show tonight. Our friend. jasmine is here with a special interview. Jasmine let's go thanks. It's nature week and tonight we're back on the trail in new york city on a nature walk with park ranger rick jenkins but i start brushing on the top of your mouth on one side and make sure to brush the inside outside and chewing side of each tooth three. Why ranger rick. I see some people down here at the end of the trail. Well what are they doing so these are volunteers who work with our terrapin turtles. And what they do is they. Follow the terrapins as they come up to lay their eggs and when they lay their eggs they build a cage around them and they do that to keep raccoons away from those eggs because raccoons really love turtle eggs and they'll eat just about all of them if they get the chance to do it since you're rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and make sure you get the molars all the way in the back. So where are we now so right. Now we're looking out at the salt marsh. There's a big platform with large nest on top of it and a fairly large bird on there. It's about two feet long nuts. An osprey what's an osprey an osprey is a large raptor that eats fish switch. you're brushing to the bottom of your mouth and make sure you get your front teeth to is that boop boop is that is that a dog thumper is that turtle pooped. I think we think that we might have some raccoon poop on the trail and the sound really fancy. We call poops gap. Yes in raccoons scott on the trail a raccoon here long ago. Either but of it. Let's switch to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. Your tongue up rush to. What can kids do to help protect nature so there's some really easy ways that people can protect the environment and enjoy the parks. One is if you're brushing your teeth right now and the water's running. You can turn off the water to use less but probably the most important thing is for everyone to get out and enjoy your parks so if you have a park near you you haven't been in awhile go out and enjoy the part. That's it for tonight's special. Thanks to park ranger. Rick jenkins and to the national park service until next time one. Thanks to our sponsor cheerios. Hey grownups cheerios. Wants to empower families to start each day with positivity and help you guide your kids on their journey to being kind humans. Start your morning with positive energy from the delicious whole grain oats in honey nut cheerios. And turn your good morning into
Goldilocks and the Three Bears
"She Goldilocks and the three bags. Once upon a time there were three bags who lived in a of their own in a word one of them was a little small we and one was a middle-sized on the other was great huge bath one day after they had made the part for that breakfast. They walked out in the woods while the porridge was cooling and while they were walking a little girl came into the house this little girl had golden curls that tumble down her back to her waist and everyone called her goldilocks. Goldilocks went inside. I tasted the porridge of the great huge bath. And that was fought too hot for her and then she tasted the porridge of the middle. I'm not was too cold for her. And then she went to the porridge of little small. We bath and tasted fat. That was neither too hot nor too cold. Just right and she liked it so that she ate it all up then. Goldilocks went upstairs into the bedchamber. I'm i she lay down upon the bed of the great huge bag and next she laid down upon the bed of the middle there and then she lay down upon the badge of the little small we bear and that was just right so she covered herself up comfortably. Allay there till she fell fast asleep by this time. The three bags thought that part would be cool enough and so they came home to breakfast and somebody as my porridge. The great huge bad in his great gruff voice. Somebody as being up my porridge said the middle in his middle voice and then the little small we looked at his but the it was all gone some days at my porridge and eaten. It'll wop said the little small we are in his little small. We voice than the three bears went upstairs into their bedroom. Somebody has been lying in my bed. Said the great huge bag and he's great rough gruff voice. Somebody has been lying in my bed. Said the middle by in his middle voice and when the little small we bag came to look at his bad palm. The pillow was a pool of golden co on the angelic faces. And this little girl snoring away fast asleep some days being lying in my bed and here. She is said the little small there in his little smooth voice. Goldilocks jumped off the bat and ran downstairs out through the toll and along the garden. She ride and she ran until she reached the house of a grand mamma when