Listen to entertaining audio to keep children of all ages amused for hours! Brought to you from premium podcasts for kids.
Wanda Walgood, Wandering Witch
"WANDA WALL. Good wandering once upon a time in a weird would there was a witch who went by Wanda Wall. Good she wasn't the old kind of which you picture. You know the ones. I'll and wrinkles and moles and a head full of stray cats for hair. No Wanda was a young witch with just the standard amount of warts and wrinkles and moles though. Her hair was rather mousy and a stray cat. Probably did get more brushing Wanda Wall. Good was a wild which which meant that. She was never much for her reading and writing. She shunned her spell books and shirked her studies. She lagged each lesson and lamented learning. Like she'd lost a love. She was a wonderful witch in many ways always eager to search for a Birch bore or peruse upon until she was muddier than a worm on vacation but studying. It wasn't her cup of tea exit. She didn't even like t reading was fine but she'd rather be on vacation with the worms. If she was being honest this upset her terribly. They were raising her. As per habitual which e tradition their names were biscuits and towed though they were always together so it didn't much matter which which was which high viscous and towed now they were the kind of which is you picture. One was long and lean with more words. A friendly frog farmer. She had hair. That looked like a broom and road on a broom that looked like hair always billowing in the breeze. The other was burly as a brown bear though basically bald. She sported a star spangled shawl and spectacular spectacles ECLECTIC. We selected from ethical. Select ables behind them. She blinked blindly with Badische Browse. They were wonderful witches and Wanda Wall. Good loved them very much. Even though ever since she had turned ten they were all over her like nude is in potion. Who Want. When will you start studying high biscuits said one morning? Well to be honest. She said it every morning but this morning was special. Even if Wanda didn't know it yet you can't just muck about in the mud like a maniac. Wanda looked to toad for support. But her aunt just smirked eyebrows arching like bent bowes. I'm afraid I agree with my sister said towed sipping a modeled Mug of Putrid Purple Potion. You're a wonderful witch but you could be a master caster with a little. Learning WANNA looked from one aunt to the other she knew this day would come but had hoped to allude. Its protrusion for a while yet. Do I really have to read? She said can't I just look at the pictures? That's the fun part anyway. Oh this is. All our fault really continued high biscuits. We've let you linger over long. No more though said towed. We found the perfect quest for you. Something that will get even your brain burning about books and slug slurps salty snacks Wanda muttered. No it's true said high viscous we've been reading some maps and comparing them to the lost text of Bobbin the bright more like Bob it in the boring. We think we've located his loss. Library said toed holding up hand to stop. Wanda faked a snore. It recently apparently appeared in the center of a swamp. It'll take a wandering which to find it. Who even is Bob in the bright anyway? And why is his library so important? Oh we'll tell you.
Cooking Week Morning Quiz
"Chefs get ready to simmer up some fun because it's cooking week on jumpers start brushing on the top of your mouth on one side and rush little circles all the way around each tooth. I hope you brought your apron because today we have a tasty cooking quiz. How tall was the tallest cake ever made? Was it ten feet as tall as a basketball hoop fifty feet as tall as the five story building or over one hundred feet. That's taller than five drafts. Stacked up on top of each other to figure it out. Let's learn more about how cakes are made switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and brush the inside. The outside amateur of tooth cakes are great for celebrating. There's nothing better than a birthday cake covered in frosting and candles and they're all kinds of cakes sponge cakes. Coffee Cakes cheesecakes. Whatever kind of cake? You're making you're probably going to need the same basic cake. Ingredients eggs flour butter oil and of course sugar switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth. Brusher molars in the back. When you're making a cake you I measure and then mix. All of the ingredients into a batter. Batter doesn't really look anything like cake. It's more like a tasty Gupta live. That's why you need to bake the batter when you put it in the oven. When you hit the batter in the oven it makes gooby batter turned into a fluffy cake. That's ready to eat swift rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. Don't forget your front teeth so now. Do we know a little bit more about cakes. It's time for you to make a guess. How tall was the tallest cake ever made? Was it ten feet as tall as a basketball hoop fifty feet as tall as a five storey building or was it over one hundred feet taller than five giraffes stacked on top of each other. Come back to jumpers tonight to find out until then make sure you rinse with water before you. Three to
"And we have a very exciting guest with us today. Jim Green is the chief scientist at NASA. He also has his own podcast by the way called gravity assist. And he's going to see if he can answer all of your questions or at least most of them. Jim Thank you so much for joining us today. Jane thank you so very much for inviting me. The got a very well connected with Vermont. You may not know this but I was born and raised in Burlington. I did not know that. That's great but non burlington Vermont Brewington. I there're BURLINGTON's there are and I think Burlington Iowa is actually named after Burlington Vermont. So I'm well connected. Well that's good to know I'm Jim we're going to dive in because I think probably four thousand. Six thousand twenty thousand questions are coming in from kids all over the country but right before we get to the questions from kids. Could you just tell us a little bit about this? Launch on May twenty seventh. It's pretty exciting. It's very exciting. This is the first launch that we've had since with humans going up to the International Space Station since our our shuttle program ended several years ago. Now how we been going space station is not from rockets. Leaving the United States but With our of the Russians and so it's great to get back into the space business with our own rockets Of course we're we're building some really big ones. That will take us in a couple of years to the moon and there's onto Mars. We don't have to go into this too much. But when you say it's IT'S A. Us rocket but SPACEX is a private company right so this is sort of a government and a private company working together to get Americans into space so talk two thousand and six NASA decided. Hey we're gonna be able to bring what we know about space into our companies in and using that new environment where you take gravity out of what we call the equation and new things can be made we better start commercializing that means we need to be able to get more companies involved in space in the first place of course is low earth orbit and the a wonderful place to go of course is our National Laboratory International Space Station so In two thousand six we started that process of getting more more commercial companies interested in way. Indeed we now have several commercial Lockett companies that are building the capability. Take humans along with a number of commercial experiments up to space station. And while they're doing that we're going to move on to the moon and then on to Mars so it's a wonderful partnership so the the astronauts that are going next week are going to the International Space Station. Which as you said is in low earth orbit so this is not as far as the moon. It's not Mars. It's not. They're not going way out but but they're going into space and Donnelly who's eleven and lives in Saint. John's Barre Vermont has a question because Donnelly saw the International Space Station last night and a lot of people have been able to see the ISS in the sky. It's a bright light brighter than most stars and only says last night I saw the international space station fly by overhead in only half an hour it had gone from the area of the Earth where it is to the area where it is day to the area of Earth where it is. What is that like for the people on board? Well they still have a regiment. They still work hard to to Use the life cycle of light in dark that we have here on Earth on space station so indeed. They work on space station Over a twelve hour period have a few hours of a on their own to rest and relax and then eight hour sleep period and then back to the grind so to speak so on station they try to keep it as normal as possible. So you know when night comes. They turn off all the lights on space station even though we orbit the earth and we go from day to night In Ninety minutes of full orbit of occurs and that that's the that turns out to be the best approach
Wacky Khakis: Looters and Polluters
"This week. Another thrilling addition of everybody's favorite game lackey Khakis. And now here's your host in an identical clone of devil theme. No Deborah Goldstein. I'm Deborah Goldstein. Not a clone. How do we know that? And here with me. As always unless he's a clone is our sound effects robot Liza whose name stands for live in studio audience. Lisa how about a little sound effects pizzazz? I'm not really in the mood for pizzazz. What are you in the mood for I can do this out of a tree. Falling the forest. When nobody's around to hear it. What does that sound like? That's what it sounds like. You weren't around for it. So how do you know? It doesn't sound like that okay. Good Point Now how about giving us the sound of a robot telling us how our game works and it here all right okay. Every time we play Wacky Khakis Deborah. We tell one wild story about the world. There is a baby. Only one of those stories is the truth and the other one is a lie. And it's the job of two human children to figure out which one is. Which and would you please introduce those human child contestants? Everything okay our human child contestant. We got this kid named Toby. He was on the Blacksmith episode. We got this. Other named declan from our gymnastics episode. Welcome guy also with us today to be our Wacky Khakis. Timekeeper referee is our producer. No welcome back Noah. Hey guys good to be here Okay real heads will know that in Wacky Khakis Deborah Lisa. Each change to tell their stories for the timer sounds. We flipped a coin which later found out was a trick. Coin from both sides were heads and so Lisa has chosen to go second. That's how you do it. Well Debra means you're up first feeling good. I'm feeling rate okay. Our topic this week is looters and polluters story of money hungry business ventures. That were no friends of mother. Nature listen up carefully declan and toby. Deborah your timer will begin. Now they say that money can't buy you happiness and I suppose that's mostly true but an underground perfume shop in Miami between one thousand nine hundred eighty two and one thousand nine hundred eight. It could by perfumes and colognes extracted from federally protected. Endangered Species Ronca Thurman. The mastermind behind this criminal enterprise referred to her fragrances. As Ex tinctures tinctures for fragrances made from species that were going extinct though. Ex tinctures generally didn't smell any better than the much cheaper less destructive sense available legally they served as a status symbol for Miami's rich and powerful throughout the eighties. The most famous variety was called Miami blue named after the endangered butterfly. It was made from today. There are fewer than one hundred. These butterflies still living though it was incredibly difficult to find and capture. The vulnerable species used in perfumes. The business was made profitable by the exorbitant sums. People would pay for them sometimes. Up to fifteen thousand dollars for a two ounce bottle Thurman extinct. Were an open secret among southern Florida's money classes for years but an expose by the Miami Herald brought down the multi-million dollar operation in October of Nineteen Thurman Served US eleven months in prison before securing an early release Thurman went on to make millions more dollars offer confessional autobiography fragrance endangered panther must prairie clover. See turtled wearing that stuff. Just made you feel like you were somebody. An anonymous customer was quoted as saying in the book. We all know it was wrong but there was something so cool about knowing your sent. Who's going extinct? It was the ultimate limited edition. Pat Is time oil done deborah. Well what do you think of that story? L. Is Pretty Nice. Yeah I liked it except for the except for the danger. Save all endangered animal. You would. You wouldn't buy perfume from an animal that was going. You know what I didn't like about the story what I didn't like the animals being killed. No it's terrible deborah. I wish you would. You wouldn't talk about that. I would not like to but it's important that people know that these things happened and that people actually paid money for such a thing which is disgusting. It's shameful shameful for what you guys said. Yes I agree. Yes fully times two million. I appreciate your
Ask LISA: Can Robots Get the Coronavirus?
"Last question of the day this one from a leash t in Fort Wayne. Indiana Alicia riots dearly can robots get the corona virus. If so what? Are you doing to stay safe good question? Thanks for your concern. Alicia the short answer to your question is yes. Robots can get the corona virus. And that's why ever since the outbreak began. I've decided to stop going to the park to lick the benches not just for my own safety. But for the safety of the community at large Lisa just ever well. There's so much to unpack in that answer. So I guess I'll start by asking why you would like a park bench under any circumstances pandemic or no debra when this is all over. I'm sure we'll all start to really appreciate the things. We used to take for. Granted the warm embrace of a loving relative the home of the crowd at a major league baseball game the taste of an aluminum bench on a warm summer evening. The little things that give life its flavor. It's rusty metallic flavor Okay moving on Lisa. I'm no doctor and I would certainly hate to give you bad advice. But I'm pretty sure that robots cannot get corona virus. One really. Well Yeah I. I don't think so. I mean. The virus has to attach itself to cells in the body. Do you have so. No cells are for suckers and humans and plants and fungi right. So in that case. I think you're pretty safe. Saw Off to lick bench okay. But since computers do get computer viruses from time to time. I'm wondering if you have any experience with those kind of viruses I don't know we saw. Have you been running your virus scanning software? Yes tell me the truth. It's just I hate Dr Borg Lisa. We install Dr Borg to keep you healthy. There's nothing to be afraid of. Come on let's do a scan fine
All About Blacksmiths
"Our first expert is Philly. Barret goes enthused yourself toby. Toby my name is Billie Barrett. I am a blacksmith. Thank you. Let's meet our second expert. Linski Chris. He's introducing yourself to toby toby. I'm Chris Ski and I am an artisan and a welder. And I am a reenactor of a female blacksmith at Colonial Williamsburg tells about those hot and Molten. Sounds Lisa. Oh did you hear them? I did I think everybody else heard them to painting. Topsy time. That is correct. That is when we put our experts on the hot seat while they answer toby's questions. Lisa should we put on the hot? I totally buried because his initials are be just like the initials of my nickname nickname batboys. Okay Yeah I'm a math for sure. I don't WanNa mess with me fat boy okay. So Toby we're starting with billy. What is your first question for? Billy Billy would you rather get a heavier envel- or a hotter forge I would rather get a heavier and bill? Why is that? I just like heavy things. You're GONNA love your parting. Gift today. I don't think we have mice. Okay Chris and Billy what have you made the most of I'll answer I 'cause I work at colonial Williamsburg work at a historic forge. So we mostly do shoes. Oh that's cool. Do you do like high heels only for the fancy horses? How about you belly? I mostly make A little bit of everything with a specialization. In knives you make knives like knives that you cut food with everything from cutting food to serviceable tools. That you use every day very cool. Do you name any of them. Like Mac or sure to name a lot of them really. Yeah who and. What's the name of your favorite favorite favorite Tomahawk? I call stabby stabby. Okay Toby Billy What would be your second? Most favorite thing to do is make besides knives One of the things. I'd really like to do before I move on from this. Life is make a a really nice replica of an old style. Lock which is one of your skills as a Smith that you really want to try to. Master cool is homes for both of you. How old were you when you gone? Interest IN BLACK SNIFFING. Yes I'd like to know. I'd like to know how one decides that. They want to be a blacksmith. At what age does that happen? You just wake up one day and say hey I wanNA. A blacksmith. House is on fire. Let's make knives. How does that work? I studied had a minor in art in in university And so I started with glassblowing actually and then I started working at colonial Williamsburg and I saw some of the cool. Things that the blacksmiths were making in. That's the way I kind of got into it. How about you billy? Ironically when I was about twelve years old my parents took colonial Williamsburg. Is that true? Absolutely and It was a rainy day and I was begging my dad. Let me stay and watch the Blacksmith and the gentlemen still alive today and left me there for two hours and that clinched a deal for me. That was it as Peter. Ross it was Peter. Ross yes it was who is being arise. I guess he's a black one of the most well respected smithson. The World Master Blacksmith at the Anderson Forge words. Okay so Chris what what I see if I went to colonial Williamsburg. Mcdonald's like what would you see if you saw her there? Ya Okay and do you do any acting? Over's voice overs So we all portray real people that you know really lived in Eighteenth Century Colony of Williamsburg Virginia and there was a real forged called the Anderson Blacksmith Forge. And I play someone named Loretta. Frye who real person. And she was a female blacksmith. During that time we reenact what you would do or what I would she would do. I would do in the the daily routine of that person. In the eighteenth century I be dressed in eighteenth century clothing specifically what she would wear while she was working as a blacksmith. Clocking fear are going to be burned. Probably not a good idea. Kristiyo like my name is way. All your guy's name again. The Red Fra Loretta. Our blacksmith just like that old timers. Yeah pretty much. Do the voice better killing you. Just Hi I'M LORETTA. Fry and I. You know my a Blacksmith Year. They Anderson four bit of a southern accent. Yeah I hear that good okay. So for billy what are the steps to forging something that would depend on what you're making you it's It's all for your favorite thing knives for knife. It would be for me to determine what type of knife us what type of material I'm going to use. And then if I'm not sure about how I'M GONNA FORGE IT. I would forge it on clay. I deceive it's GonNa come out like I wanted to and then I just go from there. Say I'm just going to make a simple Chef's knife the first thing I'm GonNa do is forged my tip out dumber. Draw the blade out to the length that I want I'm GONNA taper down taper my blade down figure out how went to look and then just finish up so when you say you forge. Something does that mean. You put like a chunk of metal on the end of a big stick and put it over. Fire depends on the methods that you're used to work in many people do many different things. But yes you heat a piece of metal to well over a thousand degrees and then you use your hammered to shape it into the shape that you would like you ever makes more than there. Didn't they tasted terrible. I bet they had a lot of iron metal. This Chris how have used your angle personal best. Is You know. I'm not sure I've never. I've never waited but it's pretty heavy right. Do they come in many different weights and different sizes? Okay so is for both of you Is it true? That all blacksmiths are really bulky. Big Burly Guy. Sure okay. No I don't I don't think so at all. I do need a certain level of strength To use the tools. But there's a lot of intricacies to two blacksmith thing And sometimes a less bulky person could do that better I see. What do you think about that billy? I think it's Agreeable and sometimes you do have to have a delicate touch and it's one of the hardest things ever taken me to learn is that you don't always have to bash stuff small. Yeah that too but you only do that once. You've passed your fingers before. Oh No I don't WANNA know la La la La but does that sound like something. You'd like to try one day toby. What try doing some blacksmith out to? Your House is safe as long as it's safe. Yeah thing like one of you. I could like higher museum or something. You're looking for anyone. Whichever one of US want to be an Apprentice Liar.
Musicians' Week - Morning Interviews
"Hi My name is Rebecca Young. Play Yola with the New York Philharmonic and I am the host of the New York Philharmonic's very young people's concerts. My favorite thing about being a musician is I get to run around the stage. Sometimes I tapped and sometimes I saying I do all kinds of silly things and it's just a whole lot of fun hi. My name is Audrey Z. White sides I play guitar and Bass what I like about being a musician. Is it and bring people together. You can really make a lot of new friends through music. My name is Daoud Tyler in and I play in the band's bad moves and art sorority. What I like about being a musician is it's a great way to make friends especially if you've just moved or changed schools and you're kind of a new kid in town. One thing musicians always need is other people to play with my name is Diana. Oh I am a singer. I read a lot of songs. Sometimes the inspiration headset for the morning and I shoot up away and I get it all out of me and it usually starts with malady and then by the Bing Bada. Boom a song is born. My name is sambo gala. I travel all over the country playing keyboard in the pay for a musical called Hamilton. Being a musician in the pit. Orchestras really fun. Because it's all about working together with their bandmates and the pay and with the actors on stage to tell an important story. My name is Johnny and from Africa. Senator Amid Jim based SABA duck in drums. Teach him can speak to talk to everybody jeopardy now. Everybody learned my name. Is Jack Mitchell? I play piano and write songs for the story. Pirates podcast I love being a musician because no matter where we live how old we are or what language we speak. Music brings us all together and the best part is that. There's no limit the amount of music that can exist in the world. So let's start making some more
Body Systems Week Morning: What's That Sound
"Do you know what sound us shouted out stomach rumble. Stomach rumble. Which you're rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and mushroom molars in the way back when your stomach rumbles or your tummy growls. It often means it's time for food. That sound comes. From part of our body called the intestines. The intestines are part of the digestive system. Which is the system turns the food we eat into energy and then coop that rumbling or growling sound that you hear is air moving around your intestine which you're rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brush your front teeth to ready if your next sound. Okay let's hear that again.
But Why Live: Poetry
"Oscar is ten and lives in Bethlehem Pennsylvania and he told us he wrote this poem for Mother's Day bike rides with Mama another scrape. My knees keep donating bloody skin to the sidewalk. Here comes Mama keeping a straight face even though I know she must be laughing inside because it's not the first time I ride my bike into a fire hydrant since we took off the training wheels. I've been living on the edge the edge of sidewalk the edge of Aggressee Hill. The Japan nerves no longer our arms on my shoulder while I ride but she is always there. I remember clapping when I wrote up to the mailbox. You're doing it. She cheered. That was three years ago now. Whenever WE GONE by Christ's we travel miles. It's our thing on narrow streets. She leads the way otherwise. We're side by side even uphill in those. She's not holding my shoulders like she did when I was seven. I know I will always have balanced because of her. That's what a mother does to ride my bike with Mama to tell her without words that I love her Oscar. I love that poem. I Bet your mother was so so happy to get it. Here's a poem from Cassia. Who's seven and lives in Chatham on Tour Ontario? Her poem is called name is waterfall. I walk slowly down the rocks. My eyes are big whitish blue. I carry a bubble of water by breath salty. My touches software misty. I moved fast and sneaky voices. Smooth soft common scratchy. Right name is my name is waterfall casio. That is so beautiful all right. Let's get into more poems. We have more of you who are calling in to read some poems on air and some of you may have questions about poems and poetry that you'd like to share with us as well and I want to bring in our guide for the our Ted. Shy Ted is known as the poetry guy around here in Vermont and beyond. He's been teaching poetry. Two Kids for more than twenty years and some of you listening might have been about to have a school event with Ted shy before your classes got canceled so lucky us. He's with us today. Ted I Jane. I'm so excited to talk poetry with you. Even more thrilled than you. This is such a cool honor to be on your awesome show. Oh thank you thank you but I'm going to start with a really tough question for you. Although I think it's one you've probably answered many many times. So Ted when we think about poems some poems rhyme some poems. Don't some have a few words and then skip to the next line. Some have lines that run together. Some poems are designed to be read on the page others are designed to be spoken and heard a loud some poems follow rules about form and structure. Once you know the rules. Some poems still break them. Some poems are very very short but some like the epic poetry of homer are as long as a chapter book and have characters and plot like a novel would so ted. What is poetry? That's a hard question and you listed so many different ways because that's what homes are. There are lots of different things to me. A poem is a small mostly small. It's focused it's laser focused on one important thing in your life. Something you feel really strongly about and it's sort of like if if kids live in the northeast and especially in Vermont. They know that Maple Syrup for example is something we do here. We make here. And when you make Maple Syrup you take lots and lots of Sap from the maple tree and you have to boil it down and it takes forty drops of maple sap to make one delicious drop of Maple Syrup that dances on your tongue. And it's kind of a process that everybody has to take this long mostly long process of sort of distilling boiling down your thoughts until it becomes a really important night and idea and it doesn't have to take any particular shape. That's the cool thing about poems. A rules are super flexible. So but so if a poem can be anything if you're writing one. Oh that's a good question. Well it's sort of an open thing you. There's so many different shapes and sizes of poems but it is something that you know in your heart. You've written something. Like Oscar was writing about such detail and living I love the way he described living on the edge and Cossio filled with details about her voice and their breath is and it's looking at things really really carefully and so did I answer your question. Not really because there isn't there isn't really an answer. Poems take so many different forms but they're not stories there even though Oscar kind of told story. It's it's really just a focus little expression of something super important so those epic poems and epic poets like homer and you know the the Odyssey and the Iliad are those really kind of different than what we consider modern poems. I think so. I have a hard time There aren't too many poets that long stuff these days and back when they wrote those they didn't even write them down. Had people who memorize like and they would share it for many many days. Twenty four seven without stopping so that was kind of an unusual story type of poem and epic Narrative Poem. And fortunately there aren't. Most people writes shorter stuff and I certainly do myself. I'm kids. Maybe that's a good assignment for you. See if you can just recite a poem. Twenty four seven. See what you think about that. Maybe maybe you can tell them that. Ted Shy told you you should do it. Let's get to some poems. That kids are sending us and we have lots of kids calling in Ted who WanNa read their poems allowed and this is so exciting because I love it when are able to read their own poems but we got a found poem that was sent to us by the common dish town elementary sixth grade class they actually wrote this palm on zoom. They're having video conference meetings and they focused on things to do outside so each student put a line in the chat box in their video conference and hit send at the very same time and this is the poem that resulted watching the birds. That land on my feet feeder going hiking riding my bike bright orange caterpillar under the leaves. I breathe in air running down the sidewalk as fast as I can smelling the bright tulips growing. Love it outside. That's pretty good for palm that everybody hit send on at the same time. Don't you all say the ending? The last line is the perfect line for that yeah. Nothing's no kidding. Thank you for that. Kevin dish sixth-graders.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov 3: Russian Operas
"The flight of the Bumblebee has become much more famous than the opera for which Nikolai Ski Korsakov routed today. Bits of other Russian operas that have become better known in the concert hall then on the Opera Stage they call Me Kyle. Glinka the father of Russian classical music you hardly ever see Glinka opera Muslim and Ludmilla but you hear the overture. All the time well at least loosely. Ludmila has been performed. That's more than you can say for some operas. Lada flopped twice the first time a Russian theatre asked four different composers to collaborate writing combination. Opera Ballet. That Malaysia was never performed. Then rimsky-korsakov who was one of the four composers recycled the music he'd written into a melodic of own. That Lotte lasted all of six performances. Malaga is a funny title. Sergei PROKOFIEV program called the love for three oranges. The love for three oranges is about a prince who finds the princess? He loves inside. An orange one of three oranges. Love is a big problem for the title character in an opera by Tchaikovsky. Called Eugene on Yagan. A girl named Tatyana falls in love with gene on Yagan. But he doesn't fall in love with her until it's too late and she's married to someone else. The two of them always seemed to be meeting up at a ball. So Tchaikovsky put plenty of dance music including this waltz into his office part of Modesto Missouri Skis Opera. Boris good enough takes place in a Polish court where they do a Polish Vance the pullen his another Russian opera with famous dances in it is by Alexander Barra. Dean. Borodino was a professor of chemistry. Who only got to write music in his spare time. His only opera was prince eager in which the prince eager gets captured. While fighting the pile-up Ziems the best known. Part of the opera is when the Pelosi enslaves entertain prints e core by singing. Dancing Borodino died before he could finish prince eager but two of his friends who knew how he wanted it to sound finished it for him. One of those friends was Nikolai. Rimsky-korsakov whose flight of the Bumblebee is far more famous than the tale of our Sultan. The opera for which he wrote
Get to Know Kat Taylor
"Welcome to good night stories for rebel girls. I'm saving from Nashville Tennessee. I'm seven years old and I'm interviewing cat Taylor who is the narrator last week's episode of good night stories rebel girls if you haven't heard lasted episode hours in good time to go back and check it out a cat. Would you like to introduce yourself? Hi I'm Kat Taylor. I have the pleasure of working on a cattle ranch as well is in a bank both of which to try to make the world a better place. I am partner to Tom. Steyer and mother of our four children of whom we are very proud. What does it mean to be rebel girl? What it means to me to be a rebel girl is to always be feisty and in good company with other rebel girls to change the world to be a better place with temple. He spent some time on a ranch. Tell me about that. So on Tomcat Ranch. We work in partnership with cows to create healthy topsoils and grow good food and also save the planet from climate change. We human beings have evolved over ancient times with animals on grasslands and those animals graze eating the grasses and they poop and they p which is important to the creation of healthy topsoils and then we get to grow food in those soils that Nourish Our bodies when they pee and poop eat and move over the land they also take carbon out of the air and put it back in the soils where it can do nothing but good and keep it out of the oceans so that we can address climate change which is our greatest threat. If you can have one superpower what would it be if I could have one superpower it would be to see into the hearts and minds of all people and help us all heal and be unified into one happy society? Where is the principle that you live by a principal? I try to live by. Tell the truth and do something about it. Always why advice would you have liked to give yourself a girl? If I could give my childhood self some advice it would be to always be brave not to be afraid. Don't let anything or anyone stop you from achieving your dreams.
But Why Live: Bats
"One of the ways to help bats is to learn more about them and care about them and find out how you can make sure the bats in your area are staying safe and healthy. So let's talk about bats now with Berry Gins Linger very is a bat advocate. And he and his wife. Maureen founded the Vermont Bat Center where they help educate people about bats and also they rescue bats. The last time I talked to bury he had some bats hibernating in special hibernation area in his house that he and Maureen have set up very. It's nice to talk with you again. Thank you so what were you doing today? Because we're talking to you here. Live on the radio at one but I understand. You've actually been driving around the state already to deliver a bat to travel downstate to somewhere else. That's right I left early this morning and drove down to Middlebury Carry hand picked up the bat for me and drove it from there. All the way down to Dorset There were actually three bets in this group and all three have now been successfully released back into the wild. Why did you have them to begin with? I had them because they came out of their hibernation cave way too soon right in the middle of winter when it was snowy and freezing cold and there were no bugs to eat so the biologists that were checking their hibernation area found them and brought them up from Dorset all the way up to us at the bat center in Milton. And so you keep these bats safe for the rest of the winter as long as they should be hibernating that's corrected and this particular group stayed together through the winter. We kept them healthy and fat feeding them. Delicious meal worms and When it got to be Spring and the bucks started coming out we said okay. It's now time to turn them loose back where they came from so to turn them loose back where they came from. They had to go all the way back down to dorset so very before we get to our callers and emails and we have a lot. So we're going to get through as many questions as we can. Let's establish some information so that we know a little bit about bats as we have this conversation. What are bats they fly? But they're not birds they fly and they are not birds. They are the only flying mammals they're mammals just like dogs and cats and humans. We are all mammals and bats are in that group of mammals but they can fly and I can't no. I wish I could too. But but being a mammal means they have for or hair they they have their babies drink milk. They give birth to live baby so all true about bats. All that is true about bets. No additives no eggs. They don't lay eggs If you can think of a bat doing all the same things that we humans to Except they can fly. That is so cool. I'm and how many different kinds of bats are there in the world. Well in the whole world there are about one thousand four hundred different kinds of bats but up here in Vermont. We only have nine keys only nine. Can you name them all? We have little Brown Bat. The Big Brown bat the northern long eared small footed the tri-colored the hoary bat the Red Bat and the silver haired Bat and Indiana Bat. Then the that's way forgotten. Yeah but see. That was the only one I could remember. So we've got nine the two of us there we go. Let's go to one of our calls. Here's Max who's calling in from Elmore Vermont. High go right ahead. What's your question for? Berry last back. I'm that bride good question very wide. Some suck blood. That is a very good question. That's actually don't suck blood on find an animal. That has an injury. Now keep in mind. There are no blood sucking or blood. Drinking bats anywhere except a little area in South America so all the bats that we have up here in Vermont. Don't drink blood. But when they do they look for an animal. That is injured. That might have a little bit of blood on it or they might sneak up on us a chicken that sleeping in a tree and make a tiny little nip in their foot so that a little drop of blood comes out and then they lick it up but they don't actually suck the blood. Well that's good to know and coroner from Boston also wanted to know that question but we have other questions about what bats eat. So you've just said Berry that some bats Do Drink Blood Benjamin in Massachusetts wants to know. Do all bats eat fruit? All bats do not eat fruit in fact there are about two hundred and fifty different fru of oars fruit eating bats but there are over seven hundred insect eating bats so there are way more bats that eat insects than there. Are those that eat fruit? Are there any meat eating bats? There are meeting bets? We call them carnivores and they eat things like mice and frogs and lizards things that they are able to catch the obviously. They couldn't catch a big huge thing. Like a Moose. 'cause they're way too big but they can catch small animals and lizards in little frogs. So those are the carnivores and there are others that drink the nectar from flowers. Well that's important. Isn't it very because we often think of honeybees? I when we think about pollinators. Maybe some people picture hummingbirds bees all bats also very important as pollinators. They are very important Here in the United States we do have some pollinating bats and if you think of Pictures that you've seen of out West in the desert and you see these great beautiful cactus growing out in the desert. Those are growing there. Because the bats pollinate those cactus flowers to make new CACTUS and they've been doing that for millions of
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov 2: The Tale of Tsar Saltan
"Nicolai Ski Korsakov wrote the flight of the Bumblebee for an opera called the tale of czar. Salt on actually. That's just the Reader's digest abridged version of the title. The full Monty is the legend of Czar Sultan of his son. The famous end mighty hero Prince Vida Sultana Vich and of the Beautiful Swan Princess and at that title weren't enough. The plot is one of the most complicated in all of opera them. And that's saying the tale of our salt on is based on the story by the Great Russian poet. Alexander Pushkin once upon a time. Three sisters sat around discussing what they would do if they were married to the czar. That's Russian for ruler of the country. The first sister said she would make a huge feast. The second sister said she would weave beautiful cloth and the third sister said she would. Bears are salt a strong braves. The was listening in on the conversation and promptly married the sister who said she'd bear him a son then he told the feasts sister she could be the Palace. Cook and the cloth sister that she could be the royal weaver. They were not amused pretty soon. The newly married Zarina or Mrs Czar was expecting a child but before the baby was born her husband had to go off to war after the czar left Arina had a baby boy known as the Czarevich or son of Czar. The CZARINA sent her husband a message saying that they'd had a beautiful healthy son but her jealous sisters substituted a different message saying that she'd given birth to a monster when he heard that the czar was very unhappy and sent back a message saying not to do anything until he got home but the sisters intercepted that message to and substituted one saying that the arena and her son should be put into a barrel and thrown into the sea because this is a fairy tale not only did they survive but the boy actually grew up hour by hour as the barrel tossed on the water when mother and son washed ashore on an island. The first thing is our did was saved the life of an enchanted swan the swan him by making a beautiful city appear and Prince V. Don as the Czarevich was now known became ruler of that city by now. You're probably saying I thought there was supposed to be a flying. Be Somewhere in this story so far. The only thing with wings has been an enchanted swan well to make a long story not quite as long. Some people who traveled through Prince Vidalia City told him about SARS saw Tun's kingdom and czar south on heard from those same travelers about the amazing place where Prince Don lived so each of them really wanted to visit the other Prince v known got their first with help from the enchanted swan who let him pay three visits in disguise. I as a mosquito them as a fly and then you guessed it as a B. When's our salt on got to visit the Prince? He was delighted to see his long lost son. And all the miraculous things inference Vidalia city there was a squirrel that old emerald nuts out of golden shells a band of thirty three nights that marched out of the ocean in shining armor and a princess. More beautiful than the sun with moonlight in her hair and starlight in her face Of course the princess was the enchanted swan freed from her spell and changed back to a human being naturally she and the Prince got married and lived happily ever after
Every Midnight I Turn Into a Wolf
"Marian you wrote every midnight I turn into a wolf. Can you tell me how you came to write that story? I was just sitting in my room and for a while. Now been wanting to write a story and I'm obsessive where worlds. When I was a kid I was really obsessed with werewolves too. Yeah I did not know that I was really into where wolves and I remember this one time. I was like in my backyard walking around like practicing my Werewolf Howl. Gosh when I came inside my mom was like why are you making a chicken? Sound out there. What's interesting to you about where wolves well? I kinda just like held or half human and half Wolf. They're super fast in a good I vision and they've tailed ears like wolf anything. One of my favorite parts of your story is the sleepover how I can just picture how much everyone was like freaking out. When she turned into a wolf they all hid behind one. Another under. They're making a live trying to move back to the door. Do you think their parents believe them. Probably not until she wasn't seen again. Have you ever seen something and tried to tell you about? And they didn't believe you. Actually yes because when I was younger around seven and I was a A girl scout camping trip and my friend had just lost her to and I actually saw her tooth fairy because he was one in the morning and I think I was the only one week and I just saw her tooth fairy standing in the corner of my eye. No way really. Yeah what does she look like I don't really remember but I do think she had a rainbow dress. Oh Wow and the rainbow was actually fading Feeding Rainbow Dress. Did you freak out? Well not really because I had always believe in mystical creatures. If I knew if I freaked out I would wake everyone off. And she was gone away. People believe you. I don't think they did because afterwards I kind of saw the looks on their faces. And how does it make you feel that you saw this thing but no one believed you felt like people would think I'm crazy but at least it's good knowing something that other people don't really know if you care about something and other people don't believe you? That's fine listen them. And what do you have to do inside of yourself to sort of feel strong and competent? In what you believe even when others. Don't I mostly just saying they have yet to see what I have seen in my past. Yeah like they haven't had that experience yet. Yeah someone who believes in mythical creatures the CETERA? Is there one kind of creature that you are hoping to see in your lifetime either dragging or a wolf? Oh off if you had to pick do. Pack are equally great. Yeah do you have your own Werewolf? How do you think you? Would you mind doing your Werewolf? How for me alcohol? Oh that was really good and you. I'll do mine practice. Oh ooh really good thank you. You didn't think it sounded like a chicken now. I think your mom is heard. I think she misheard as well. Thank you very much. Yeah come wait can we? How together 'cause wolves have to Holland a pack right? Okay here we go through yes mayor and this has been so fun to talk to you. Thanks for LINEAS. Perform your story an thank you. We welcome all right. Thank you Lee. Thanks mayor and Bhai
The Elephant's Dilemma
"Once upon a time there was a mean. Old Man named Mr Price who owned a zoo at least he called it a zoo but that was too glamorous in reality it was just a small collection of sad animals once he'd had big crowds watching his tigers and lions and colorful exotic birds but those animals were gone and the crowds went with them. Now it was just Mr Price. A handful of abandoned huts and little millie. The old man yelled every morning throwing out a bucket of half rotten vegetables time for breakfast. Little Millie was an elephant and despite what he called her she was anything but little. Oh Boy oh boy she'd say gobbling every last wilted bite breakfast and then she dig in her long trunk wagging happily little. Millie had gotten the name back when the zoo was thriving old. Mr Price had brought her. In when she was no more than a calf. She'd spent her early days tied to a heavy iron stake in the ground. A long rope looped about her thick neck the old man would bring guests around to pat her for a dollar a piece at I milli had tried to pull her way free but she was only a little thing and hadn't been able to move the heavy iron stake. The rope would go tight on her neck and she'd poll and pull but nothing would happen. It was terrible so eventually she just stopped trying but that was in the old days when the zoo still had guests and animals. Now it was just. Millie and the visitors were few and far between and old Mr Price. Never a nice man was now absolutely nasty. You useless mangy brute. He'd started saying some nights throwing food haphazardly at her feet. If you were more interesting maybe we'd have some business. The mean words. Were only a part of it. He started to feed her when he felt like it. Watered her even less and just generally didn't seem to care. He spent almost all his time in his little log. Cabin all shut away. He got so careless that one night he forgot to latch the fence to the zoo and later when the moon was shining the door swung open creaking slightly in the dark Hello set a one eyed Fox peering cautiously past the open door. His coat was rich and read his is young and curious and his dark whiskers bobbed in the moonlight. The gate was open. He said to me. I saw you all alone here in the yard and thought you looked bored. I'm sow you WANNA come to dinner with me. And my friends Millie's heart sword. It had been years since the last animal left and Mr Price was terrible company. A dinner sounded like just the thing. Well I'd love to little. Mealy said then looked sadly at the rope and the Iron Spike. How do I escape though? She asked even all these years later. She was still tied to that. Same iron stake in the ground. Of course she'd grown a lot since then now she was easily ten feet tall and nearly ten thousand pounds but little. Millie didn't seem to realize that in her mind she was still that same week. Little Baby Calf. Just pull out. The steak said the Fox ears twitching. You're so big he can't keep you here. I tried to pull out the steak. Said Milly thinking about all those attempts all those years ago. It doesn't work. It didn't work sal corrected. You're different now. If all that's holding you is that rope. You could escape anytime you wanted little. Millie thought about trying to escape into the forest and then she remembered being young how the rope would go tighter and tighter on her neck how she'd pull and pull and nothing would happen. She couldn't bear to live through that again. I can't do it. She said. I just can't are you. Sure ask how we're going to play freeze tag in the trees high. Bet Your trunk would be good for tagging little. Millie side a big breeze from her leathery lips. She knew her trunk would be great for tagging. But I can't break free. She said I'm sorry. It really looks like you could sal said well. I can't Milley said stamping her giant foot. The Fox shrugged and disappeared into the night suit yourself. He called over his shoulder. Maybe next time it turned out next was only a few nights later old. Mr Price left the gate open again and the Fox slipped back inside the old zoo this time. He had a strange horse with him. All striped black and white. This is the elephant. I was telling you about South said Hey Elephant. This is my friends stripes. Milly jumped to her feet. Her annoyance with sal had faded over the last couple of days and she was once again. Happy for the company. Mr Price was getting worse feeding her less than just sitting in his log. Cabin yelling at her out the window. Hey there she called back high stripes. My name is millie. Thanks for coming to visit. I used to live here. I'm a zebra stripes back before your time. I escaped into the woods and now I'm a living free when South told me about. You all tied up here. I thought I'd come to invite you to dinner so you can see what it's like. Well if he told you about me being all tied up said Milly in a huff then you know I can't leave. Sal and stripes blinked at her but come on said stripes. It's just a tiny rural. Bend a little stake in the ground. Your literally the biggest animal I've ever seen. Well Milly thought about it. She took a step and then another. Maybe I can do it. She thought maybe I can break free. Then the rope ran out and she felt it go tight on her neck in her mind. It just kept getting tighter and tighter. She remembered how she'd pull and pull and nothing would happen. I can't she said softly stopping in her tracks. I tried and I just can't I think you could. Sal said yes. We believe in you said stripes. I told you I can't go. She snapped the Fox and Zebra looked at each other. All right then if you say so. They walked back into the woods. And Millie was all alone. She was annoyed with them for bothering her when they knew she couldn't get herself free like last time. Though her annoyance faded over the next few days soon she was hungry for company again. It didn't help that. Mr Price was getting worse and worse. He never even bothered to leave his log cabin to feed her these days. He would just yell at her and throw old scraps through the window. Milly was starting think it was time to leave. She got her chance a few nights later when Mr Price left the zoo gate open again this time. Millie was thrilled to see sal and stripes again and a sleek Brown Fisher. Cat slunk along beside them. Hi Millie Sal called. This is our friend L. The Fisher cat. Hello Milli said L. I've never met an elephant before I've never met a Fisher cat before. Do you want to be friends? He said Milly laughing. We're all friends. Said Sal smiling. Yes said stripes. That's why it's time you get out of this awful zoo. Come on where here to invite you to dinner. Milly grown to herself. She was finally making friends and they had food. The big elephant felt her belly rumble. Oh food old. Mr Price wasn't always so accurate when he threw her meals out the window. So some suppers milly just missed. I WANNA go. Millie said I really do so? Come on said L. That's just a tiny little rope and your giant. You totally just walk away. Milly felt tears rushed to her. Is She wanted friends? She didn't want to be stuck to be yelled at and tied down. But what choice did she have even thinking about it? She could feel the rope heavy on her neck in her mind. She remembered it getting tighter and tighter. She imagined how she'd pull and pull and nothing would happen. She imagined how she'd fail. I can't she said I've tried. Maybe tried when you were little said L. But look at you. Look how you've grown you can do different things now. I'm sorry said Sal. But Millie the only thing holding you back is you. Millie felt her heart thumping in her chest. She felt tear sting at her is. Why did they have to bring this up again? Couldn't they see she was trapped? You don't get it. She said her. Long trunk thrashing. Just go leave me alone. Milley said stripes. We are just trying to help. Just go she trumpeted and they all stopped and then they turned and they went.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov 1: About Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
"In you. Rimsky-korsakov was born in eighteen. Forty four in a town just east of Saint Petersburg Russia. There was a lot of music. In the household rimsky-korsakov's parents played the piano and sang and he loved opera but he had a much older brother. Twenty two years older. Who was a navy officer? So that's what rimsky-korsakov wanted to do too. When he went to the Naval Academy he studied music on the side and met up with a group of composers were writing Russian classical music then rimsky-korsakov had started working on a symphony and wanted to forget about the navy but his brother said no way so off. He went on a three year tour of duty to exotic places like London Brazil and New York while he was on board ship. Rimsky-korsakov kept working on his symphony when he finally got back home his friend and fellow composer. Mealy bollock era of conducted it. People in the audience loved the symphony but they were pretty surprised to see the composer wearing a navy uniform. Rimsky-korsakov and four of his composer friends started hanging out together so much that they became known as the mighty five or mighty handful as in five fingers. Rimsky-korsakov quit the navy and was invited to teach at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory which is now called the Rinse Korsakov Conservatory. When he was I asked to teach music. Rimsky-korsakov realized that his own music education had been pretty terrible so he studied very hard very fast always keeping just about one lesson ahead of his students. Rimsky-korsakov turned out to be a very good teacher starting at home. Not only did he teach himself how to compose and conduct. He also became an expert at orchestration giving musical color to a piece by deciding which instruments should play what part rimsky-korsakov loved to tell stories with music. One of his best is about a person who was also an expert Storyteller Sheherazade who kept herself from getting killed for a thousand and one nights by telling a different story every night as a kid. Rimsky-korsakov LOVED OPERA. And as a grownup he's still did he wrote about a dozen and a half of them one of his operas based on music history. The story of composers Mozart ancilliary Omar other renske operas are based on Russian history like the czars bride that a woman Ivan. The terrible wants to marry. And then there are the opera's rimsky-korsakov based on Russian fairy tales. Next week I'll tell you the whole story. Abs Are Salton. But here's the most famous piece of music that Rimouski Korsakov put into that opera.
Poetry Week Night Quiz
"From this morning. But I start brushing on the top of your mouth on one side and brush the inside. The outside am chewing side of each to three. R Quiz question was which of these type of poetry is send you a type of poetry is pastoral a type of poetry or as Limerick a type of poetry ready for the answer trick question. They're all types of poetry. Poetry is a way to play with words but not all poems are the same sen- real pastoral and lyric poems can sound very different from each other. But they're all still poems because they express things in a beautiful way Switzer brushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and make little circles with your brush around each tooth son. Review is a type of palm that has a special form or a special way that it looks on the page the first line of SMU has five beats like this. The second line has seven beats Emma. Last Line has five beats. Does that sound familiar? Yeah it's a lot like a Haiku Haiku and send re you had the same form Switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brush your front teeth to pass store. All is a type of palm that always talks about the same thing. They all have the same subject sheep. Well not just sheep but pastoral poetry does have to do with life in the country where their pastures. Here's some of a very old pastoral poem. Not till the earth has been twice ploughed so twice exposed to sun and twice to coolness will yield with the farmer prays for Switzer rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth and brush the molars in the way back. Limerick is a type of palm that rhymes in a very specific way. They could be about anything but they're often silly or funny and sometimes a little bit rude. Here's an example. There once was an old
"Play It Again Sam!"
"Drug became famous giving away free ice water but now that we work here. We can put by plan into action to make a fortune. It's very simple. We just have to take these cups and just then Dr. Steve was interrupted by the owner of Waldrop himself. Tad Houston all right. Y'All sit here. Yes Sir Mr used it. What did you say your name was again? Billy Bob Mr. Houston I'm Sally. May's older brother. She was awfully sorry she got all tied up and couldn't make shift but I told her I'd feeling for a while. I appreciate that kind of spirit boy. I'm just wondering why you had to wear her dress will. This is the store. Uniform is not it is but owner. Mind look we're about to open. There's already a line of people outside eager to get in your man in the Cup station. Right yes sir. All set excellent now went. Wait a minute what is that. What's what that thing standing next to you there. Yes you whatever you are sir. Why that's a that's a Jack local. Of course they thrive pretty well around these here. Power Jag. A that gives me an idea. I wonder if I could make a big statue of a to oops are the doors are open gets in with those cup has a throng of thirsty tourists. Pours in through the front door of wall. Drug are here on void prototype Dr Graham their fateful roebuck opinion. Ships land that time and space ship near the store. Remember Dr Grant. We don't want to go to seen. Dr Steve is apparently secured some form of employment at Wall Drug and we much foil his plot without letting anyone know from the future. I got Dr Floyd good thing. We have these period costumes. Yes poses a typical American family of the time stopping by to get your water. I'll be the doctor. Ub The sun and guess chips. You have to be the mom because the week in the dress will cover your more robotic. Tapert good now. Let's go stop. Dr Steve. Heroes Enter Wall drug amid a sea of tourists lined up to get their free ice water us by Dr Steve at the Cup station and hide behind a pickle barrel to watch what he's doing or four cups blue. Go Surf Floor Cups. They are tan sands apiece. So that'll be forty cents. But I thought the water was free. Oh the ice water is free. Yes Sir cups at ten cents apiece. Oh I see well all right. Here's forty cents. Thank you sir. The ice water whale is right over there fidget. Put these in your coin purse cheaper. Dr Floyd you see what he's doing. I sure do grant that no good. Laos is charging for the cups. That was never part of Ted. Ted's vision. What are we going to do when one thing we can do? What does me? I didn't shave. It was coming from this barrel. Our hero spoil the LID and spy a young girl bound and gagged in the barrel. Golly Tucker Floyd who is this is supposed to be employees. Dr Steve Ambush to get that ridiculous dress. He's wearing here. Let me take the bag off. Are you okay fan? But when I get my hands on the guy who did this to me isn't going to be fine. You said it sister. Just sit tight here for a second. I've got a plan. We'll get him for sure. You've got it Dr Greg. Follow my lead. Sure thing Dr Floyd Sallie Mae Swings back down into the barrel s Dr Floyd Dr Grant and Chips Approach Cup station. Good name my good man. I would like to have three cups for myself my wife and my son certainly sir. That'll be thirty cents. Thirty percent is water was calm down. Please there's no reason to get upset up shut. You promised me free. Ice Water remains free willy. But the cups of ten cents apiece most underhanded Dang I've heard of a bait and switch techniques. This one takes the cake taking advantage of poor. Tour's surreally really. We can settle this problem without shouting. What exactly is going on over here? Billy Bob you see Mr Houston this gentleman. Ralph what's going on over here? You're advertising free ice water yet. You're charging ten cents a cup Sir. You must be mistaken. We do not charge for cups. Everything about the US. Water IS FREE. The asked the water the cups. It's all free. Employees tried to charge me ten cents for each. Billy Bob is his true will sir. I thought that was the kind of thing. That capitalist like yourself would won't see we've already made over five dollars. Let's get something straight. I am not a capitalist. I'm trying to give people something they need. And if they buy something in addition to that well then that's fine. I truly believe anyone can succeed if you reach out to people in need. Now give me that money now. I'm terribly sorry sir. Here are your free cups. Is there anything else I can get you on the house? Of course my son would like a pickle of course have him go. Pick one out. Golly THANKS MR HOUSTON. I'll get one from this barrel right here. Not to grant goes over and lifts the top of the barrel and out pop sally. May's tapped me up. Stir address and Miss Beryl. Is this true? Will you see that? Would you do that to your poor sister? Not My sister I mean I mean. Well she is. How's your sister? A I have a feeling I'm being hoodwinked ear. Oh Sam just then from behind the panels steps like huge gorilla. Who STUMPS OVER TO MR HOUSTON? Sam I would like you to relieve this charlatan of Sally's dress and throw him and his Jack Elope out into the street. All those in the store singing samna piano blamed guerrilla grabs Dr Steven one swift motion removes him from selling as dress. Leaving is underwear. Nice boxers there billy Bob or should I say doctor Steve Louis. I should've known grant opens the door for Sam as he hurls Dr Steven Vigil after Landing Dr Steven. Hi Taylor back to their time and space ship. I'm terribly sorry for all the trouble. Sir. Don't mention it. You've got a great place here and I see a big future in appreciate dad yeah. Someday I'd like to expand it a bit. I've always wanted a big backyard. Someday Mr Houston Some Day. Come on grant son. Let's get back on the road. Sure thing dad come on mom. Can I borrow the car Friday night? Dad Get on the ship. Can I borrow ten dollars? Go get on. The ship are heroes returned to their ship and blast back off into the time and space. Trim has Dr. Steve learned his lesson. We'll have to continue chasing him throughout time. And just what did you think about having to wear a wig?
Why Does Food Taste Better With Salt?
"It just so happens that a lot of you have sent us questions about salt to so we thought we'd get molly's help. Here's a question from Maya. I'm eight years old. I'm from Washington. Dc right question is why do things taste better assault? That's a great question and really a fundamental question for almost anything that we eat because almost every recipe contains a little bit of salt right. So that's such a smart thing to ask. Does everything need that tiny bit of salt and I think actually the answer to why Salt Taste. Good is the same reason as white sugar taste. Good which is that. We humans like all animals require it for life. Salt is actually something that you need in your body to be alive and so we have evolved to crave it and seek it out so we really liked to have salt and all of our food because it is something that we need for survival. Things TASTES BETTER WITH SALT. Partly because we crave but what does salt actually due to food to enhance the flavor? So I think one interesting thing to know before really diving into salt is what is flavor and flavor is in part taste and so you have five different tastes sensations that you perceive on the taste buds in your mouth and in your tongue salty sweet bitter sour. A new mommy. The rest of flavor is in a large part smell so I would say most of what the flavor that you perceive a bite of food is through your nose but then it's also the other senses. What does it feel like? What does it look like? What's it sound like etc and one of the things that we really like as humans is balance and so when food has all of the taste sensations a little bit of salt a little bit of sweet a little bit of Sour A little bit of bitter new Mommy. That's something that we really gravitate towards so in ways. Salt is something that balances out taste. Salt is actually pretty interesting too because it has the ability to reduce the perception of bitterness. So say you are going to eat a Brussel sprout. That's a relatively better vegetable which I happen to love but I really love them when they are sprinkled with salt and that salt can reduce the bitterness and increase your perception of sweet sour and Emami too so what salt is doing not only bouncing out what you're tasting. It's bouncing out how you perceive those tastes to make it as appealing as possible for your
Science Week Night True or False
"It's science week and tonight we have more true or false for you. I'll say something and you figure out if it's true or false. Here's your first one. A long time ago people used to think that the earth was flat like a pancake. And that if you sail to the edge you would fall off. So is that true or false thumbs up for true thumbs down for false ready for the answer I switch. You're rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth. Your tongue a brush to the answer is that's true long long ago. People thought that the earth was flat like a pancake. Now we know that the earth is round like an orange. Here's your next to or false. Physicists are people who can predict or tell exactly what will happen in the future. So is that true or false? It's false switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brush the molars in the way back. Physicists studied the science of physics and they use math to figure out things like how to launch a rocket into space. But the word physics is kind of like the word psychics. Psychics are people who say that they can tell what will happen in the future but they're definitely not scientists switzer rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth but don't brush too hard. Here's your last true or false. When a word ends in the sound all edgy. That means it's the study of something. So is that true or
"Grace what's your first question for a bash. St Can you tell me about your job? What is it typical daylight who I liked that question so my typical day starts really early in the morning because I teach my students before school at an ice rink. So get up at about four o'clock and I'm on the ice four in the morning or in the morning four in the morning four in the morning. It's very quiet. And then we head to the rink. I warm up my students first and foremost and then I'm on the ice teaching them from five. Am till about seven forty five. Wow how did you get involved in ice skating introduce skate when you're a kid I did? I started skating because I saw Tolan Dean. How're British ice dancers on television? And I nagged my parents to take me to the ice rink and I started skating when I was three. Wow there's a four in the morning and there's three year old on skates. I'm learning a lot today. Okay grace back to you NIA. Is there something you really love about your job well? I used to ice skate when I was younger. So what I love is watching. People do the moves that I couldn't do like I could never do a triple toe loop and seeing that. You know three times a year at the competitions that I judge is really exciting and just seeing all the families come together and to really nice culture and environment to be in to be able to escape for your job it helps. I mean I think the big part of the trainee is to not get too emotional about the performances. Because when you're watching somebody do something. Really incredible like a like a a triple Lutz. Or something you know you're you get really pumped up. The music is driving. You and you really can't show any emotion when you're a judge because you've got parents surrounding you and they really want their kids to do really well. So if you look like you're favoring one person in the other That's really bad so you have to try to stay as neutral and professionals possible fast. Is there a skater? Who IN SPIDER? You UAE definitely? I was very inspired by escape at Cold Suray abundantly. She was a French figure skater and she really changed the game with figure skating because she was what we call a rebel so she did a few illegal elements like the backflip competition. And she always will the coolest costumes and she had really colorful makeup and she really broke boundaries. In what we'll figure skating was so I really looked up to her. I thought she was really cool. She was also the first one to do it on ice. No I don't think she was. All carpeted different sport. Fash can you tell me about the different jumps in figure skating? How are they different? Well jumps a kind of graded in terms of how many revolutions you do. What Direction you take off. So everything starts with the waltz jump which is half a revolution which is about one eighty degrees and that takes a Ford and then you land backwards then you progress to a South Cal. I call it a sad cow. Well you do a full three sixty. Before you do your one eighty so jumps have different takeoffs and different landing. Sometimes you'll land jump in the position to take off for another jump which is called a jump combination. The hardest jump is a Lutts because you go into it one direction and then you pivot use your topic and you jump the other direction loop jump is probably my favorite jump ego from backwards backwards and you use your edge. Not Your Toe Pick. Neil what is the most surprising thing you've learned about ice skating? Guess what surprised me as well a while ago if you know but They change the scoring system so it used to be out of six points and now it can be up to three hundred points. So there's a table of different moves you can do like vastly mentioned a flip. Sal Cow Lutts. There's a toeloop. All of these different moves have a different man. Points scale values trite. And so you have to. There's a a table and that table changes over time and that's something that I'm still getting used to because every year I have to get trained and re certified to be an ice skating judge. So that's something that's always something I have to keep learning and keep up to date on five state. Can you tell me about what were the first gates made out of the first skates were made out of bones? They weren't very versatile. And when these first gators were on the ice it wasn't autistic or they weren't dancing sheely just to get from A to B Neil. Do you have to train to become a judge? Good question great question so the first thing is it helps to have skate experience. You don't have to be at an Olympic level but at least at college really helps you have to take some tests that show that you know as Russia saying what what a what a flip is You you need to know the what side of the edge that you're looking for so two edges on On escaped the left edge right edge and so knowing what side the skater is skating on You you can really Take no on. How precise and how Could QUALITY THAT. Kinda jump is.
Science Week Night Riddles
"Start brushing on the top of your mouth. Pick aside make sure you're brushing the inside the outside and the chewing side of each to three why. It's science week and tonight. We're experimenting with some riddles. Here's your first riddle. This science takes place in the lab with chemical reactions. You mix up different substances and note. Very interactions what sciences. This Chemistry Chemistry Switzer rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth and brush the molars in the way back. Chemistry is the study of matter. Matter is scientific word for won't stuff everything that we can. Touch is made up of matter and chemists steady how things have matter interact with each other just like when you mix to paints together you get a whole new color. Chemistry is the study of what happens when different kinds of matter mixed together Switzer brushing to the bottom of your mouth and make sure you brush your front teeth to lots of chemistry. The elements elements are the building blocks that make up almost everything on earth you see elements every day whether you realize it or not. Gold is an element and so is silver. Chemistry studies these elements. And what happens when you combine them in different ways like when you combine the element oxygen and the eleborate hydrogen? You get water switzer rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth but don't rush to heart. Here's one last riddle. I study all Earth's animals from elephants to mice coyotes in the desert and penguins on the ice. What kind of scientists is this zoologist zoologist steady animals? And one place. You find zoologists is you guessed it all right. That's jumpers today. Now all you have to do is three.
"Ignace. Similize was a showman but when he truly believes something he fought through the feelings that might have otherwise nope back his voice one of the few things that he was outspoken and confrontational about was the simple act of handwashing. He was certain it was necessary but only after much observation getting other people to believe him was a different story born in Hungary in the city known as Buddha which would one day join its neighboring city across the river to become Budapest. Similize started law school but he wound up becoming a doctor in the end in Eighteen. Forty seven just three years after earning his medical license. The methodical and intelligent fellow was given a notable position at a maternity ward in Vienna Austria. His job was basically as the chief resident which gave him a lot of responsibility and power over the staff at his hospital. There were actually two maternity wards which is where women go to give birth. The first word was staffed by doctors called obstetricians the other word was staffed by midwives trained health professionals whose main concern as caring for women during before and after the Labor of childbirth more on the difference later when some of I started he noticed two things one. All the women admitted for delivery wanted to go to the ward staffed by midwives and to ten percent of the women who went to his word the obstetrician. Stafford died while they were there. Well no wonder everyone wanted to go to the other word right. The unfortunate women died from thing called child bed fever which we now know to be caused by an infection. Women wanted to go with the midwives because well they weren't done living yet and fair enough but ignace wanted to know why there was a difference in the fate of the patients in the two wards and more importantly how to solve it so he made some methodical observations. I he noted women gave birth in two different positions in the two different words so he had the doctors deliver babies the same way as the Midwest. No difference same fevers same tragic results then he noticed that when someone died a priest walk through the halls ringing a bell in solemn honor of the women who passed he thought maybe this played psychological tricks on the women in the word. Perhaps they realized that someone had died in that they very well could be next. The suggestion alone might make someone gets sick. Meanwhile of course no one died in the other word hence Nobel ringing so do you get as line of thinking. Well he told the priest ago ring his bell somewhere else still no difference with his methodical mind. He tried everything he could think of. No luck of any especially for the poor patients on the ward then. One of the doctors got sick with symptoms similar to the women and before long. He too died at this time. Medical doctors not only took care of living patients but they spent time on cadavers. Or dead bodies. It's kind of gross. When you think about it and it would certainly give me the willies. But what better way is there to learn about the human body than with a real not live human body? It ain't pleasant but it's the truth and we've learned a lot as society in this way anyway. It turns out that this now dead doctor had practised finger while working with a dead body now we know he got an infection and he died eighteen fifties Austria like pretty much everywhere else in the world didn't understand germs or bacteria or viruses or infections yet. There were still plenty of people who most diseases were brought on by miasma which is bad air in shortly idea was that you might smell something really bad and then get sick. It sounds crazy now but you should understand that. Most diseases made a body smell bad You're around some smelly sick person. You might get sick too. We know it's germs now but all they had to go on was that sticky stinky surrounding. The city Sim obese new. They're just had to be a connection between the dead bodies and the sickness. Unlike the midwives who simply dealt with the pregnant women many of the doctor spent time dissecting analyzing and learning from the cadavers which obviously meant touching them then they just hopped on over to the maternity ward when there was a baby to deliver and they did not wash their hands or their tools. Crazy right by today's standards. Yes but two hundred years ago. This was business as usual. The connection had not been made by science. The evidence was pretty clear to some of ice so he made a new rule. Doctors must wash their hands in chlorine and their tools. And guess what happened. The number of deaths fell dramatically. In fact in the obstetricians ward the survival rate was basically the same as the midwives ward so he went around telling everybody about it. Wash your hands. You're bringing gross stuff to a healthy body with your unclean tools and you're unclean fingers and instead of being excited and saying thank you. The doctors were like you're telling me I making my patient sick. Who Do you think you are? I am a good doctor and you know nothing similize before long. He was ridiculed out of existence. It's too bad. They didn't listen to him. Lives could have been saved with some simple handwashing just a few years later. There was a British nurse working in a war zone during the Crimean War who helped revolutionize medical cleanliness Florence Nightingale paid attention to international science. She took her job seriously and was responsible for the lives of thousands of recuperating British soldiers. There's a chance she heard about vices. Observations there's also a good chance that she just figured it out on her own because when she implemented rules about washing hands and tools the same thing started to happen she saved lives but still there were plenty of detractors. The anti hand washers. The dirty hinders the filthy fingered. You know nothing nightingale. They cried but you see these two did know what they were talking about. They might not have understood it on a microscopic level but they could clearly see a relationship between dirty handed doctors and sick or dying patients. The world was changing in the mid eighteen. Hundreds and doctors were doubling as scientists often to determine what was causing serious illnesses.