History

History never repeats itself on this fascinating playlist. Whether you're a history buff or buffoon, these historical tidbits will excite and inspire. Sourced from leading talk radio shows and premium podcasts.

A highlight from Is There Justice in Felony Murder?

The Experiment

01:06 min | 5 d ago

A highlight from Is There Justice in Felony Murder?

"Count one malice murder. We the jury find the defendant Travis mcmichael guilty. You're gonna ask whoever just made it out first. Last week, when a judge in Georgia read the verdict, in the trial of three men who killed ahmaud Arbery. An unarmed black man. Count two felony murder. We the jury find the defendant Travis mcmichael guilty. You might have noticed there was a legal principle. Count three felony murder. That was repeated. Count four. Felony murder. Over and over. Account 5. Felony murder. We the jury find the defendant Travis mcmichael guilty. Count 6. Last spring we did a story about felony murder. A legal rule you might not have heard of, that's applied in all different situations. And depending on who you talk to, it's either a tool for reform, or a barbaric rule that should be abolished.

Travis Mcmichael Ahmaud Arbery Georgia
A highlight from Visionaries: Ruth Asawa

Encyclopedia Womannica

05:51 min | 6 d ago

A highlight from Visionaries: Ruth Asawa

"Hello from wonder media network, I'm Jenny Kaplan, and this is will manika. This month we're highlighting visionaries. Today we're talking about an artist who was known for her geometric woven wire sculptures. Ruth aiko asawa was born on January 24th, 1926, in Norwalk, California. Her parents were Japanese immigrants, and Ruth was the middle child of 7. In her early years, Ruth grew up on a farm. She worked before and after school to help out. Even then, she was practicing art. She later wrote, I used to sit on the back of the horse drawn leveler with my bare feet drawing forms in the sand, which later in life became the bulk of my sculptures. The start of World War II, uprooted Ruth and her family's lives. In February 1942, Ruth's father was arrested and was taken to an internment camp in New Mexico. A few months later, Ruth and her family were forced into an internment camp at a racetrack in Santa Anita California. During World War II, racism and paranoia led thousands of Japanese Americans to be taken from their homes and imprisoned. Ruth and her family lived in horse stables at the Santa Anita race track for 6 months. The stench of horse manure was pervasive. During that time, three Disney animators were also being interned at the camp. Ruth spent much of her time drawing with them. By September of 1942, Ruth and her family were sent to another camp in Arkansas. There she continued to draw and paint and finished high school. In 1943, Ruth was allowed to leave the camp and went to college at the Milwaukee state teachers college. She'd received a scholarship from the quakers to study to become an art teacher. When she graduated in 1946, racism towards Japanese Americans was still rampant. Because of that, Ruth wasn't able to find work as a student teacher. She never graduated, but years later, when Ruth had established herself as an artist, the Milwaukee state teachers college wanted to recognize her as an alumna. She responded, requesting the degree she was denied. She finally received it in 1998. Instead of becoming an art teacher, Ruth was encouraged by some artist friends to study at black mountain college in North Carolina, a progressive art school in the segregated south. Ruth studied with artists like buckminster fuller and Joseph Albers. In 1947, Ruth traveled to Mexico and watched as a craftsman used wire to make egg baskets. Ruth would build upon this repetitive looping method to create her own style of sculpture. During that same period, Ruth also met her husband a black mountain college, Albert Lanier. They got married in 1949 and moved to San Francisco to live in a community that accepted them as an interracial couple. Over the course of 9 years, they had 6 children. Busy raising a family, Ruth worked on her art practice in the evenings at her home studio. She was inspired by the undulating form she found in nature, trying to give structure to what she was painting. Her hanging sculptures became increasingly intricate over the years. The suspended Arri woven structures of Ruth's work blur the lines between internal and external and cast haunting shadows. Always begin from the inside working inside. And I'm working on the surfaces, the things that interest me are the proportions that I see. And that shape by itself is not very interesting, but when I put one next to it, then I look at this shape that is out here. Throughout the 1950s, Ruth's sculptures were shown in group and solo exhibitions in New York, San Francisco and internationally. By 1963, Ruth began working on public artwork and arts advocacy. She believed art is for everybody. One of her early public pieces was a fountain featuring two mermaids in ghirardelli square in San Francisco. It still stands there today. In 1968, Ruth cofounded a public arts program called the alvarado school arts workshop. Without much funding, they cobbled together a hands on curriculum with scraps of yarn, bakers clay, an old egg cartons. At the height of the program, it was in 50 public schools, employing artists, and getting parents involved in their kids education. Ruth was inspired by her time at black mountain college and felt strongly that students would benefit from learning from artists. She expanded on this mission by opening a public arts high school in San Francisco in 1982. In 2010, the school would be named in her honor. In appreciation of Ruth's work as an artist and teacher, the city of San Francisco deemed February 12th, 1982, Ruth asawa day. When Ruth was in her 60s, she revisited her experience living in internment camps. As a memorial, she created a bronze relief, depicting scenes of what life was like for her and her family, as well as for the broader Japanese American population. Ruth died on August 6th, 2013. She was 87 years old. Ruth's legacy of art and education lives on. Her artist featured in galleries and museums around the world, and she's become known as one of the most celebrated artists of the 20th century.

Ruth Milwaukee State Teachers Colle Jenny Kaplan Manika Ruth Aiko Asawa Santa Anita Black Mountain College Disney Animators Joseph Albers California Albert Lanier Norwalk San Francisco Paranoia New Mexico Buckminster Fuller Arkansas Alvarado School North Carolina Mexico
A highlight from 360 | Lets Surfeit

Aaron Mahnke's Cabinet of Curiosities

04:29 min | 6 d ago

A highlight from 360 | Lets Surfeit

"Objects. That discovery outshines the famous Sutton hoo burial ship, which had only offered up 37 coins to archeologists. By comparison, the massive scale of the lava tube treasure surpasses it all by far. We can start to make sense of that though when we realize just how long it took the hoarders to work their stockpile. It was the work of generations. You see, once archeologists started dating the objects they unearthed from the horde. They found that the oldest was placed there nearly 7000 years ago. In other places, they might not have survived. It was the extremely dry conditions of the lava tube that preserve them. But they're not just old. The most recent items date to about the middle of the 1600s. That means that to create this underground collection in the darkness of the lava tube, it wasn't just the work of generations, but the work of millennia. Not that it's a treasure that would attract anyone though because this is slightly unusual for a horde. It wasn't gold or coins, or even an ancient ship. It was a burial mound though. That's right. The collection was a horde of bones. They were densely packed into the lava tube, stretching away into the darkness. And as the researchers started to pull them out, test their ages, catalogued them and take notes. They began to see that this bone hoard contained pieces from over 14 different species and included the bones of cows, camels, horses, rodents, and a lot more. The study got really serious though when they checked the bones from markings. Sure, they found cuts, and maybe that's what you'd expect, but they also found the marks of teeth. These bones had been chewed. Some were even partially digested. That tells us that these bones weren't just a burial mound for the dead. And here's the thing. It wasn't like these were just the bones of cows and goats. Know what the researchers found gave them a chill. Because some of the bones were human. In fact, it's human skull fragments that were found among the other nod bones. But what archeologists guess about these skulls is even more gruesome than that. If we go by their best guess, they think these skulls were scavenged from graves. After the bodies of the dead were buried, someone from the clan of hoarders came through, sniffed them out and dug them up. Then they lugged them back to the lava tunnel where they added them to a treasure trove. After they gave those skulls a good chew, of course. And one of the archeologists even suggested that these skullcaps with tooth marks are the only thing to survive because the hoarders chewed the rest to splinters. The pieces of skull, candy, only survive because they didn't taste quite as good. All of that would be truly horrifying if the family packing the lava tube with bones for 7000 years was human. But as you may have guessed by now, this family was something else. No, the builders of this massive treasure trove weren't people, but hyenas striped hyenas that is. These days, they're a threatened species, but they used to be a mainstay of the region. So breathe a sigh of relief. But to me, the fact that it's a family of hyenas passing on the work of a major treasure trove from parent to child, that makes 7000 years of stockpiling skeletons, all the more impressive. This episode was made possible by the deadbolt mystery society. Are you a connoisseur of murder mysteries? Do you love the thrill of unraveling the clues, then the deadbolt mystery society is a great way to bring the mystery to life in your own home. The deadbolt mystery society is a monthly subscription box filled with a storyline of immersive scenarios intriguing characters and original compelling stories, and it's all delivered right to your door. Each box features interactive online components that bring each story to life, like puzzles, evidence, and interviews. According to BuzzFeed, it's the closest you'll get to fulfilling your dream of becoming Sherlock Holmes. The deadbolt mystery society boxes contain stand-alone stories, so you don't need to have multiple orders to compete your murder mystery storyline, and you can also choose from three 6 or 12 month subscription options for a greater discount. Ready to prove your skills, visit deadbolt mystery society dot com to get started. When you do be sure to use the promo code cabinet 20 and you'll save 20% on all subscription options plus single one time boxes. That's 20% off all subscription options plus single one time boxes at deadbolt mystery society dot com. Offer code

Deadbolt Mystery Society Sherlock Holmes
A highlight from P.S. I Love You: Rene Fleming Sings Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin

Aria Code

02:12 min | 6 d ago

A highlight from P.S. I Love You: Rene Fleming Sings Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin

"And finally, one day I'm in my little bedroom and I decide I have to call him today and I open up my flip phone and I go through my contacts until I find the name Ben. And I'm pacing back and forth in my bedroom until finally, I don't know exactly what I'm going to say, but I start the call. And I sit in the window of my bedroom looking out at the key food grocery across the street and the answer isn't he says manly. Like it's a full sentence. And I say I have a question for you, and he says, go for it. And I say, do you want to go on a date with me? And there's a pause. There's a bit of a driving sense here. In the strings you hear it's 6 days of and then the wood winds come into kind of answer that in a little call and response there. So I would not give my heart to anyone else but you. She uses the word confession and she comes back to this passion and flaming really strong words, which, you know, when you're young, you're thinking it's life and death in this moment. You're not thinking, this one might not work out. You're thinking, this is it. It's this or nothing. But you can tell she's read a lot because she finds the words that are poetic that are beautiful. And I say, I have this idea of something that you and I could be. You and I holding hands, you and I swapping t-shirts. You and I, together, and I tell him, I'm so grateful that whenever I tell him about my fears and my anxieties, he says back manly. You just have to realize that you're beautiful and everything will be okay. And I wait for him to say it now. She's working through in her mind all the various manifestations of what she's feeling, what she's thought, how much he has opened up her horizon because she's now thinking

BEN
A highlight from Visionaries: Diane Arbus

Encyclopedia Womannica

06:52 min | Last week

A highlight from Visionaries: Diane Arbus

"Dan arbus was my mother. And I had an enormous sense that photography was a kind of secret of hers. Hello, from wonder media network, I'm Jenny Kaplan, and this is romanica. This month, we're talking about visionaries. Women who made profound contributions to the fields of photography, film, sculpture, and the performing arts. Many of these women were radical artists who pushed conceptual boundaries within and beyond the art world. Today's visionary is one of the most celebrated American photographers of the 20th century. She's best known for capturing subjects who lived on the edges of society. Please welcome dean arbus. Diane was born dean nemerov on March 14th, 1923. She grew up in a wealthy New York City family that owned russeks, a Fifth Avenue department store. Dean's family excelled in the creative. Her older brother Howard went on to become a Pulitzer Prize winning poet, and her younger sister Renee was a sculptor and designer. From a young age, it was clear that dean was a gifted artist. Her father encouraged her to get into painting. Yan studied art in school, but quit painting as soon as she finished high school. Years later, when reflecting on why she stopped painting rather abruptly. She said, I had the sense that if I was so terrific at it, it wasn't worth doing. When dean was 14 years old, she met Alan arbus, a 19 year old aspiring photographer who was the nephew of one of her father's business partners. Despite dean's parents disapproval, the couple married when dean was 18. Together, dean and Allen shared a love of photography. Alan bought dean her first camera and they turned their bathroom into a part time dark room. They started their own fashion photography company and took on dean's family's department store as their first client. During World War II, Alan served as a military photographer. Diane gave birth to their first daughter dune while he was stationed in 1945. The couple would go on to have a second daughter Amy in 1954. When Allen returned from the war, he and dean worked with some of the top magazines and ad agencies. Typically, dean acted as the stylist, while her husband shot the photos. But dean and Allen eventually grew tired of fashion photography. Dean was more interested in art photography, while Allen had dreams of becoming an actor. In 1956, Diane quit their joint business to pursue art photography on her own. At the same time, Alan pursued acting, and eventually landed a role on the television series mash. While photography for magazines was booming at the time, little attention was paid to photos as works of art. Fellow photographers who'd left the art world such as Robert Frank and William Klein were pursuing street photography. A style which aimed to capture ordinary people and unexpected beauty. Some of dean's early explorations and art photography followed the style. It wasn't until she took classes with lisette model that deanne started to find her unique artistic voice. In an interview with D Anne's daughter dune, lisette modal recalled the DN came to her one day and said, I want to photograph what is evil. Dune interpreted her mother's words, saying that what dean was really looking to capture was what was forbidden or had been too dangerous to frightening or too ugly for anyone else to look on. For most of her art photography career, dean would seek out the places and characters on the fringes of society. In 1959, dean and Allen officially separated. Diane moved into a small carriage house in Connecticut with her two children and focused on finding work that would bring in money. That year, dean got her first solo magazine assignment for esquire. She produced a photo essay of New York City portraits. The photos were taken on a 35 millimeter camera with natural lighting, which was in line with the street photography style of the time. In 1962, she started taking photos with a two and a quarter format camera, which brought out bright details and sharper images. Dean had grown tired of the grainier photos that she was taking with the 35 millimeter. She said she wanted to see the difference between flesh and material. The densities of different kinds of things, air and water and shiny. During this time, deanne took to capturing places that most photographers did not step near. She explored dance halls, circuses, wax museums, and more. Through the end of her life, dean made her mark on the world of fashion editorial and art. She went on to publish over 250 photos and magazines. In 1967, she had 32 photos chosen for an exhibition at MoMA, entitled new documents. Among the photos was identical twins, which remains one of her most famous photographs. It's said to be mirrored in Stanley Kubrick's film The Shining. Dean's MoMA exhibition received mixed reviews. One reviewer called her work brutal, daring, and revealing. While another wrote that her work orders close to poor taste. Following the exhibition, dean struggled to book more fashion work. The challenge was likely in part due to the fact that celebrities did not want to be photographed by the woman who'd been dubbed the wizard of odds by one critic. Even as she struggled to bring in more money from her photography, her recognition in the art world grew. In 1971, dean was the first American photographer chosen to represent the United States at the Venice Biennale. Throughout her life, dean struggled with depression. On July 26th, 1971, she took her life at the age of 48. The year after her death, John's our Kowski, the director of photography at the MoMA at the time, curated an exhibit of dean's work. On the wall of the show, he wrote she stuck with her subjects, exploring their secrets and thus her own, more and more deeply. She was surely aware of the danger of this path. But she believed that her bravery would be equal to the demands she made of it. All month, we're talking about visionaries. To see some of dean arbus photographs, follow us on Facebook and Instagram at what manica podcast. Special thanks to Liz Kaplan, my favorite sister and co creator. And special thanks to Alessandra teja, who curated this month's theme. Talk to you tomorrow.

Dean Allen Diane Dan Arbus Jenny Kaplan Dean Arbus Dean Nemerov Russeks Alan Arbus Alan William Klein Lisette Modal Deanne New York City Pulitzer Prize YAN Renee Robert Frank
A highlight from Idi Amin Part 3: Big Daddy Seizes Power

Real Dictators

06:19 min | Last week

A highlight from Idi Amin Part 3: Big Daddy Seizes Power

"Of these slopes in the plush suburb of mango hill. The destination is a grand white stone building that sits at the summit. This is a lubiri palace. It's the home of the kabaka. He is the monarch governs buganda with a bee. The 800 year old kingdom within a kingdom, around which the republic of Uganda without the bee is coalesced. Is people revere him? But these soldiers chugging up the hill in their armored cars are not here to pay homage. Standing up in the lead Jeep is colonel, Idi Amin. He's on his way to kick out the kabaka by any means necessary. He can't take him alive, then he'll bring him in dead. This is part three of the Idi Amin story. And this is real dictators. Inside the lubiri palace on the hilltop. The kabaka's personal guard, a 120 or so men, prepare to defend the compound to the death. Throughout the night, from the palace, came the sound of raw buckskin being thumped relentlessly. The sacred royal war drums, the muja guzo drums. It was the Quebec a calling upon the citizens of buganda to rise up and shield their king against the tyranny of Uganda's new prime minister, Apollo, Milton and bote. Having previously maintained an uneasy political alliance, the two men are at each other's throats. But they recently declared that he himself not the kabaka, holds the title of president. The kabaka has responded by demanding the prime minister step down from office and leave his kingdom immediately. There's this prompted about it to dispatch his tooled up henchman, Idi Amin to the royal headquarters. This is high stakes poker. It's a question now of who will fold. For the men of the Ugandan army, professional soldiers. The Caracas makeshift roadblocks present little difficulty. They easily beat off any resistance. Reaching the summit at colonel Amin's command. The military vehicles take up strategic positions around the lubiri palace. Beneath the palm trees all is still. There are bright gold domes crowning the palace towers. The damp red earth of the driveway steams in the afternoon heat. Bright blue starlings flit in and out of the thorny scrub. But, as if part of the script, there are menacing dark clouds forming across Lake Victoria. The air becomes thick, the sky leaden on the verge of another monsoon rain. Then a faint blur within the compound, movement behind the windows. Outside guns raised, I mean soldiers wait for the order. I mean, takes a call on his field telephone. This is it. It's official. Prime minister abode has decreed that the Quebec's antics amount to an act of sedition. The colonel waves his arm. One of the one two two millimeter cannon mounted on the Jeep's looses off around. It punches a hole in the old walls. I mean, then takes a turn to fire on himself. Laughing, a precarious Lizzie does so. The wall caves and crumbles. The battle of mango hill is underway. It'll prove a pivotal moment in Ugandan history. The new country is now at war with the old. Right on cue the heavens open, The Rain lashes in, hard. So thick you can barely see more than a few yards ahead. The red earth churns to mud, the banana trees flat crazily in the howling wind. The kabaka's guards appear lightly armed, darting for cover in the cloud burst, desperate to find a way out. They're mown down at will. Within an hour or so, the defenders are dead, or have surrendered. But their leader is nowhere to be seen. The kabaka himself, in the torrential downpour, some say with outside assistance, has made him a miraculous escape. Somehow he manages to clamber over a real war. Sneak down to the main road and hail a taxi. Screeching away from the battlefield. He heads to a church. The clergy give him refuge. Then they disguise him as a fellow priest and begin the process of smuggling him out of the country. The second king Freddie is spirited away by loyalists, crossing to the relative safety of neighboring Burundi. After brief stays in Nairobi and Addis Ababa, he will travel on to London. The kabaka is one of the fortunate ones. Through the course of the day around 400 of his fellow bogans will be gunned down as the battle of mango hill rages. Amin's men will even block the members of the Red Cross, who are poised to come in and give aid. The bodies will be scooped up into army trucks and dumped into pits. As the red monsoon mud is bulldozed over, it's quite apparent that some are being buried alive. Idi means men head into the palace and loot it, destroying priceless artifacts. Including those sacred muja guzo drums. As the smoke from mango hill wafts over Kampala president Milton abhi addresses Uganda's parliament, the National Assembly. There is nothing to regret, he says. The oneness of Uganda must be assured.

Kabaka Idi Amin Lubiri Palace Mango Hill Uganda Royal Headquarters Ugandan Army Colonel Amin Quebec Buganda Henchman Caracas Milton Lake Victoria Lizzie King Freddie Burundi Ababa Addis
A highlight from Part Seven: The Vaccine Race

Prognosis: Doubt

01:42 min | Last week

A highlight from Part Seven: The Vaccine Race

"A different disease catches his interest. An ominous new virus is spreading in China. Medical journal, the lancet has just published the first case descriptions for 41 people who'd gotten sick in the city of Wuhan. Hugo noticed his one thing right away. And your message in this paper was that one of the family members had the disease. Was I was positive, but did not have fever or other symptoms. This was new. The asymptomatic cases meant the virus could spread in secret. The symptoms described in the article are serious. Pneumonia, heart injury, 6 deaths. URL looks up the population of Wuhan. 11 million people bigger than central London. Then he checks flights between the city and the rest of the world. There are dozens of flights every day. It was extremely highly likely that this is going to be a pandemic. And we started to discuss what we can do. The next morning, he turns to the person he trusts the most. His wife and fellow researcher returns them to Richie. She's the one who challenges his big ideas. Forces him to hone his hypothesis. He spends about an hour showing her what he'd found. They both know the best weapon to fight what's coming will be a vaccine. They had been testing a new technology using messenger RNA and experimental cancer therapy. And had done a lot of lab work on a potential flu vaccine. But neither they nor anybody else had ever used the technology in an approved medicine for

Medical Journal Wuhan Heart Injury The Lancet Hugo Fever Pneumonia China London Richie Cancer FLU
A highlight from 359 | Man, Myth, Legend

Aaron Mahnke's Cabinet of Curiosities

05:45 min | Last week

A highlight from 359 | Man, Myth, Legend

"Medicine is science, oftentimes it can take years of research and trials for a new medication or procedure to make it to patients on a wider scale. Yet, that doesn't stop people from hunting for miracle cures. Those one in a million treatments that bypass the lengthy safety test mainstream drugs undergo before the 1906 pure food and drug act, there were almost no regulations in place to prevent doctors or snake oil salesmen from peddling whatever tinctures they thought might heal someone. And for hundreds of years, the science behind medicine was, well, questionable. King Charles the second, for example, was no stranger to medical curiosity. As a child he'd been tutored by William Harvey, a surgeon on the cutting edge of the field who had been the first person to detail how the heart pumped blood throughout the body. Charles studied many scientific subjects growing up, including chemistry and physics. But when it came to medicine, especially later in life, he rarely turned anything down. Due to his poor health in the weeks before his death, Charles underwent all manner of treatments, including cupping, bloodletting, and something called the king's drops. Kings drops were created by Jonathan Goddard, a physician and surgeon who had developed a unique formula for what he deemed a royal cure all. It could help with fainting, bladder stones, and it was said to be a powerful stimulant as well. Nevertheless, Charles wanted to know what he was putting into his body, so he paid Goddard for the formula. The king learned much about the drop's chemical composition. Among its ingredients were ivory, dried vipers, and hearthstone, an ammonia solution made from deer horns. Everything was ground up liquefied distilled and filtered through a complex process that eventually yielded an alcoholic solution. But there was one ingredient that really pulled the whole thing together. It's effectiveness, however, varied from person to person. What was it that Goddard put in his drops? Human skulls 5 pounds of them crushed into a fine powder, but not just any skulls would do. Goddard sought out the craniums of young men who had been killed violently, like soldiers or recently executed criminals. For lesser ailments, a few drops were administered at a time. For more serious conditions, though, such as a stroke or lethargy, 40 to 50 drops could be ingested at once. Unsurprisingly, this miracle cure didn't cure much of anything, and it might have made the king's health even worse. He died on February 2nd of 1685, and it was believed at first that he'd been poisoned. Today, experts are able to tell that Charles most likely suffered from kidney disease, which led to his passing, whether the drops had contributed to it, however, remains to be seen. It's likely they didn't help. Edward walpole had been a member of parliament for the town of king's Lynn in Norfolk when he took some of Goddard's drops in 1668. Walpole died after suffering a seizure shortly thereafter. But that didn't stop people from believing in the drop's power, especially since they were chock full of human skulls. Skulls had been used in medicinal treatments from the 16th century all the way through the 18th century. In fact, the German man named Oswald crawl developed a concoction in 1643 that was meant to cure epilepsy, and like Goddard, he preferred to use skulls from men who had died under violent circumstances. But corpse medicine, as it was called, extended beyond the bones inside the head. Someone with a sore muscle might have rubbed belly fat on the offending spot to alleviate the pain. People drank blood because they believed it had restorative properties, and the poor who couldn't afford expensive medicines would attend executions and pay for a cup of the red stuff. Freshly squeezed, of course. Other cultures who practice corpse medicine like the Native Americans were vilified and called all kinds of slurs due to what the Europeans saw as uncivilized cannibalism. The hypocrisy was strong back then, and some of those stereotypes have lingered to this day. But times changed, and with them, so did medicine, scientific breakthroughs led to new remedies like penicillin and vaccines for diseases such as smallpox. People stopped eating and drinking skulls to feel better. After all, any cures would have been psychosomatic anyway. You know, all in their head. This episode was made possible by the deadbolt mystery society. Are you a connoisseur of murder mysteries? Do you love the thrill of unraveling the clues, then the deadbolt mystery society is a great way to bring the mystery to life in your own home. The deadbolt mystery society is a monthly subscription box filled with a storyline of immersive scenarios intriguing characters and original compelling stories. And it's all delivered right to your door. Each box features interactive online components that bring each story to life, like puzzles, evidence, and interviews. According to BuzzFeed, it's the closest you'll get to fulfilling your dream of becoming Sherlock Holmes. The deadbolt mystery society boxes contain stand-alone stories, so you don't need to have multiple orders to compete your murder mystery storyline, and you can also choose from three 6 or 12 month subscription options for a greater discount. Ready to prove your skills, visit deadbolt mystery society dot com to get started. When you do be sure to use the promo code cabinet 20 and you'll save 20% on all subscription options plus single one time boxes. That's 20% off all subscription options plus single one time boxes at deadbolt mystery society dot com, offer

Goddard Charles Jonathan Goddard William Harvey Edward Walpole King Charles Oswald Crawl Deadbolt Mystery Society Walpole Kidney Disease Stroke Norfolk Lynn Epilepsy Smallpox Sherlock Holmes
A highlight from Indigenous Women: Sarah Winnemucca

Encyclopedia Womannica

04:57 min | Last week

A highlight from Indigenous Women: Sarah Winnemucca

"Hello. From wonder media network, I'm Jenny Kaplan, and this is romantica. Today we're talking about an educator, author and advocate, who worked as an interpreter and fought to protect indigenous rights. When she died, The New York Times called her the most remarkable woman among the piutes of Nevada. Let's meet Sarah winnemucca. Sarah was born to huck newtonia or shell flower around 1844. She was a numa, also known as northern piutes. The name Europeans gave them. Her tribe lived semi nomadic Lea and moved through Nevada and Oregon. Sarah first came into contact with white people when she was a child. Her grandfather, chief truckee was welcoming of white men who invaded their land. He called them his brothers and sisters. And he fought alongside them in wars, surfing as a guide to various emigrant parties as they crossed the great basin. But Sarah's father, chief winnemucca, was more suspicious. One spring day, when Sarah was a child and her grandfather was away from home. They heard that white people were coming. Fear passed over the tribe and they began to run away. But Sarah and her cousin were too small to keep up. So Sarah's mother and ant buried them and placed a sage bush on top of them. Sarah later wrote can anyone imagine my feelings buried alive, thinking every minute that I was to be unburied and eaten up by the people that my grandfather loved so much. Despite her grandfather's fascination and love for the settlers, the tribe remained fearful of them. But it eventually became clear that the settlers weren't going to leave. By the 1850s Sarah worked for white families, and it's likely there that she got that name. Sarah and her younger sister also lived with a white family for a time. By the age of 14, Sarah could speak 5 languages, including English and Spanish. When she was 16, she was sent to a conference school in San Jose, California. Her grandfather, chief Chuck E.'s dying wish. Some of Sarah's wealthy classmates families objected. So Sarah and her sister only stayed there a few weeks. As settlers built towns and mines and increasingly took over what was once native territory. Sarah and her people were forced onto reservations. Life was difficult there. There wasn't enough to eat, and the white people used the reservation land for grazing, while giving the piute nothing in return. The relationship between the piute and the white reservation agents was tense and violent. Sarah's language skills gained her jobs as an interpreter for the bureau of Indian affairs. The job was complicated. Sarah wanted to advocate for her people. But doing so would eventually lose her the job. Sarah witnessed a great deal of pain and suffering at the hands of the U.S. government. In 1879, the paiutes were forced to move to another reservation. 350 miles away in the dead of winter. Sarah was told that the president demanded the move. She later wrote every night I imagined I could see the thing called president. He had long years he had big eyes and long legs and a head like a bullfrog or something like that. I could not think of anything that could be so inhuman as to do such a thing. Send people across mountains with snow, so deep. In 1880, Sarah made it to The White House to meet the president. The meeting was brief and disappointing, and the government's promises of tents and food for her people were quickly broken. Sarah continued her fight. She drew up petitions and traveled around the country, lecturing on the ways in which her people were being mistreated. With the help of her friend and publisher Elizabeth Peabody, she also took to writing. Sarah often wrote critiques of the way white people treated indigenous people. She wrote letters and articles that were reprinted in newspapers and magazines. In 1883, she wrote, life among the piutes, their wrongs and claims. It was the first English book published by an indigenous woman in the U.S.. In 1885, Sarah opened a school for native children in Nevada. It was an innovative and safe space. At the time, the U.S. government was forcing native children to assimilate. Convert to Christianity and forget their customs languages and heritage. Sara would not allow her students to be taken into the boarding school system. She acknowledged the importance and power of education. But not at the expense of losing the piute culture. Sarah's life came to an early end. She died in 1891 at her younger sister's home.

Sarah Jenny Kaplan Sarah Winnemucca Huck Newtonia Chief Truckee Nevada Chuck E. Bureau Of Indian Affairs LEA The New York Times Oregon San Jose Bush U.S. Government Elizabeth Peabody California White House Government U.S.
A highlight from The Clinton-Lewinsky Affair | High Crimes and Misdemeanors | 4

American Scandal

06:14 min | Last week

A highlight from The Clinton-Lewinsky Affair | High Crimes and Misdemeanors | 4

"It's the morning of July 27th, 1998 in Manhattan. Monica Lewinsky stepped out of a taxicab pulls down the brim of a baseball cap. It's an awkward fit. When ski is wearing a blond wig and the hat feels a little too snug. But she has to put up with a discomfort because more important is that no one can recognize her as she stands in the streets of Manhattan. Lewinsky glances at her lawyer and nods, signaling that she's ready. Then they step inside a tall building, where a doorman ushers them in and to an elevator. A minute later, the elevator doors open, and Lewinsky gazes out into a penthouse apartment. The living room is small, but elegant. Winski might have actually felt cozy in this place, except she's not here for a relaxing afternoon. Lewinsky is about to betray the man she believed to be her soulmate. The president of the United States. Lewinsky walks into the penthouse, which belongs to the mother in law of Kenneth Starr, the special prosecutor whose office is investigating president. Today, members of Starr's team have packed into the living room. One attorney with broad shoulders and light hair steps forward to introduce himself. Miss Lewinsky, my name's bob Pittman. I'm one of the lead prosecutors in the office fender then a council. We've been looking at president Clinton's involvement in whitewater, trying to see whether he broke the law when he was involved in the real estate deal. I understand mister Bennet, but give me a moment. I need to get rid of this disguise. Lewinsky takes off the blond wig and baseball cap, and straightens her hair. Miss Lewinsky was smart of you to come prepared. And thank you for traveling all the way from Washington. It's going to save us some grief and protect you from the press. Which I know has been a lot. Lewinsky doesn't think it's funny. She wants to snarl to shout at the top of her lungs. She knows that she broke the law by lying under oath about her affair with the president. With the deal that's on the table, she can't be combative. Still she needs to let these men know what she's been going through. Mister bittman, it has been difficult. 6 months ago, the whole country learned my name. I've been mocked by talk show hosts, they make fun of my weight, the fact that I grew up in Beverly Hills. Republicans call me a loose woman with no morals. Democrats blame me for sabotaging Bill Clinton's presidency. And I'm still facing legal charges. I understand miss lozi, and that's why we're here to talk. So, you ready to get started? I am. Let's talk. Miss Lewinsky has a reminder you have what we call a queen for a day deal. That means we can't hold anything against you that you say today. If at the end of our questioning, we feel you are a credible witness. We'll sign the immunity agreement. You won't face prosecution. In exchange, you'll aid our investigation and testify against president Bill Clinton. Do you understand? I understand. Good. However, if we believe you are lying or withholding information today, we'll tear up that agreement. We'll press charges of perjury, obstruction of justice and witness tampering, tied to your efforts to convince Linda trip to lie on your behalf under oath. Do you understand that? I do. Okay. Then I'll jump right in. Miss Lewinsky, when did you first learn that you were on a witness list in the Paula Jones case? December 17th, 1997, president Clinton called to tell me. And did he discuss how you should respond? While he suggested that I could give my answers in writing. You know, I signed affidavit rather than an oral deposition. Is that all? Miss Lewinsky, he didn't ask you what you would say? No, he didn't. He didn't ask you to lie about the nature of your relationship with him. Lewinsky knows that she has to maintain her composure. She can't pick a fight with the prosecutors, not when they hold her future in their hands. But on this issue, she's going to be very clear. Mister bittman, I want you to the rest of your team to understand something. President Clinton did not ask me to lie. Bitman narrows his eyes with a look of suspicion. And he launches in with another question. In the hours that follow, bittman walks Lewinsky through every encounter she had with the president. It's a grueling interrogation, and Lewinsky grows exhausted. She needs to stay focused if she's going to get this deal, but bittman keeps grilling her with question after question. Finally, Lewinsky's attorney calls for an end to the interrogation. It's time for a decision. Either they're giving Lewinsky immunity or the meeting is over. There's a long pause. Lewinsky grips the edge of the couch, her fingers turning white. Bittman glances at his team, then announces the decision. Their offer stands. They'll give Lewinsky legal immunity. When he cries out a relief, she's not going to prison. But this also means there's no turning back. She is about to betray the president of the United States. American scandal is sponsored by noom. There are no shortcuts to getting in shape, and it isn't just about losing weight. It's about learning healthier habits and feeling better about yourself. This is one thing I learned from noom, the habit changing solution that helps you develop a new relationship with food. Noom's cognitive behavioral approach helps you better understand your feelings about food, how to be more mindful of your habits and gives you the knowledge and support you need for long-lasting change, with new, taking care of your health is empowering. Instead of stress inducing, there's no need to fear ruining the whole program with just one day off. Noon will help you get back on track. So start building better habits for healthier, long-term results. 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Lewinsky Miss Lewinsky President Clinton Mister Bittman Winski Bob Pittman Mister Bennet Manhattan Baseball Monica Lewinsky Kenneth Starr Bittman Starr Whitewater Bitman United States Paula Jones Beverly Hills Washington Linda
A highlight from Introducing: The Log Books: "Please Be Gentle"

Making Gay History

08:06 min | Last week

A highlight from Introducing: The Log Books: "Please Be Gentle"

"Going to be such a big part of the logbooks podcast. We realized that we had to basically spread it over three episodes. Yeah, definitely. Of course, HIV and aids is still very much around today and pervades the entirety of this period of time that we're talking about. But we really want to specifically dedicate those three episodes to HIV and aids directly. It's not going to be chronological or definitive either. Yeah, I guess we should tell listeners that there are some difficult material coming. But there's also stories of life and living and strength and finding power and community through this time. Yeah, definitely. And that's one thing that's really jumped out to us about the stories that we've collected. So you're going to hear some voices from people who talk about their experience of being infected with HIV in the early years of the epidemic, including those who called switchboard for help, we're going to hear from a nurse and a doctor and of course former switchboard volunteers who heard about it all before anyone else. So let's start as always by listening to the stories of those who lived at. Pay yourself in Matthew shoes, a young guy just going out for the first time. I'm Matthew Hudson. I plus went to a gay club in 1983 when I was 15. And I was still 6 years below the age of consent for gay men at that point. So I lied about my age and told people I was 16. I thought that was a bit better. And I went in and they were playing this incredible music. It was high energy music and I'd never heard anything like it. And I had almost anticipated the place to be full of people who were like John inland or people wearing long overcoats or something like that. Flash on max, but instead it was full of gorgeous men with mustaches and check shirts and tight jeans, dancing to this incredible pounding rhythmic music and it was the sexiest thing I'd ever seen. And I met this guy, he was 32. He was American. He was a photographer. He was working on an assignment in London. And we got chatting in the investment back to his hotel. And we did what we did. And that was fine. And I thought, okay, tick I've done that now. I was living in a little village near strapped upon a vern. I was at home at my parents. Hello, my name's Lee chislet. It was a program on the tally called killer in the village. It was like horizon or panorama, one of those. And it was showing, I think it was San Francisco and New York, showing these gay men coming in with these purple lesions, these couples sarcomas, and their bodies had lost so much weight and difficulties breathing. And again, I remember feeling very, very impacted by it and sort of scared, but also intrigued. Little 16th century daughter. How long have you had those stomach pains all together? Actually, I started we could go Winston. I see. The doctor suspects that John has an unusual form of pneumonia. This horizon documentary was really good at reflecting the confusion about what was going on. John is the latest victim of a widespread epidemic of bizarre infections, all connected with aids. Are they high fevers? 102. In fact, it was this rare pneumonia that first alerted the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia that something very odd was going on. I even think I might have watched it with my mom being there. And of course, I wasn't out as gay at the time, or didn't really know about that. So I remember slightly feeling as you do at that age slightly and comfortable because I knew they were talking about people like me and so yeah, so I remember being slightly aware of it, but I just, I don't know that there was something about watching that documentary that really one I was intrigued, but even then I thought, you know, something's got to be done. This was just, yeah, so that was what it was like. And you put in this, you know, this was 1983 84. Things were different times of countries. And in America, this new disease has already become an epidemic. Watching this intriguing documentary today, we can experience something of the fear that viewers like Lee must have felt. In New York, this is Greenwich Village. Centered in and around Christopher street on the west side of this traditionally bohemian district of Manhattan is a vast community of gay men, said to be hundreds of thousands. Here, the killer disease has taken its greatest toll of death. And of fear among those who walk in its shadow. So the same week that I went to heaven the same week that I first had consensus sex with a man. One evening, that same week, there was a documentary on horizon documentary called kilo in the village. And it was the first documentary as far as I'm aware that was broadcast on British television about HIV. And it said it was a disease, which for which there was no treatment, which there was no cure. Which was fatal. And it was something which you could catch from having sex with an American. And I've just had sex with an American. And I thought. Just so many people, you know, young people, people of all different ages coming out coming out onto the scene and immediately facing aids. Yeah, it must have been so difficult and confusing. And then also having those stories in the media, like the killer in the village, documentary, the BBC horizon thing that we played a little clip from, which made this correlation with what was going on in America and especially New York. Didn't you say there was another story that you wanted to tell me about Lee? Yeah, so he also told me that he remembers being in a bar, basically a village pub, and he overheard these two older gay guys, I guess Lee was only like 16 or 17 at this point anyway, so basically anyone was older. And they were talking about that they had heard of this disease, and they thought that it was an American thing, and they were just like, oh, it's going to be an American thing. We don't need to worry about it. It's just not sleep with any Americans. Basically. It's really interesting to hear Lee tell that story from the early 80s and the very, very early days of the epidemic because that was actually something that was really, really pervasive as the documentary killer in the village shows. It was perceived from the British point of view at the time to be this American thing, and then as you can hear in this next logbook entry, that was actually a wider perception as well, this fear of Americans. This is a logbook entry from January 15th, 1986. The volunteer who took the call was David. Man phone to say he had an American friend over. Aged 23 years, who was refused at the golden Lion and asked to leave by the landlord. It wasn't because he was thought to be younger, and therefore under age, he had drunk only half a pint, then asked just for a Coke. Person who found, feared it was an anti American aids fear. Can't be verified as such, but it might be worth bearing in mind for U.S. visitors. Well, it was definitely 1984. I saw my very first copy of gay times lying around the house of a guy who was publishing my computer games. And the headline at the time was gay plague overtakes America or words to that effect. John gott aids through homosexual contact in America.

HIV Aids Matthew Hudson John Inland Lee Chislet Pneumonia New York LEE John Matthew Winston Centers For Disease Control Greenwich Village San Francisco Confusion America London Atlanta Georgia Manhattan
A highlight from 10.77- Brest Litovsk

Revolutions

05:16 min | Last week

A highlight from 10.77- Brest Litovsk

"10.77 breast litovsk. We need to start this week with a couple of short corrections. First I'm not quite sure how I did this, but it was general cream off, who was with kerensky at the battle of pulkovo, I said it was some guy named general krill loff, who there is no general krill. That was just some mistaken mishmash of sounds I made because there are so many generals in the Russian Civil War whose name starts with Kay. Cornelia, calendar creme off cold check. It's not a big thing, but I completely invented a general named krilov. He didn't exist. The second thing is speaking of one of those K generals. Nikolai, krien, was an Ensign when he became commander in chief of the Russian army, not a lieutenant. So again, it was Ensign, cried lenko, who became commander in chief of the Russian army, not lieutenant, sorry about that. I get things wrong sometimes. Now we spent the last two episodes on the Bolsheviks initial consolidation of power on the homefront. This week, we are going to turn our attention to what was happening on the war front. What did the October Revolution mean for Russia's place in the great war, and beyond that, what did it mean for their standing among the other great powers? And what we will find today is that as the old stately quadrille continued to swirl around to polite classical music with everyone wearing tuxedos and sequins, the Bolsheviks are about to come charging onto the dance floor like they're diving into a mosh pit. And while technically it was a kind of dance, they were also there to just kind of trash the scene. So let's go back to the night of October 26th. And remember the very first thing the Bolsheviks did after seizing power. Issue the decree on peace. The Bolsheviks had been the anti war party going back so long it was arguably the single most distinguishing feature about them going all the way back to 1914. Lenin and the Bolsheviks were the most cohesive block in the Zimmer vault left, and they consistently attacked the war as nothing more than a small greedy click of capitalist imperialists, feeding the people of Europe into a meat grinder. What Lennon wanted to do was reorient the war. To stop make it people's fighting against peoples, and instead make it the people rising up to overthrow their common enemy, the ruling classes of Europe. Lenin wanted to turn foreign war into Civil War. And a huge amount of Bolshevik strategy tactics and ideology rested on the belief that World War I represented the final crisis of the old world of capitalism, and from its ashes would be born a new world of socialism. Now that they held power in Petrograd, the Bolsheviks planned to strike out boldly to bring their international socialist dreams to fruition. But they got off to a rocky and sometimes comical start. Trotsky took over the foreign office as kamisar of foreign affairs, but was immediately faced with the consequences of the white collar strike that had greeted the October Revolution. None of the functionaries, bureaucrats or clerks who staffed the ministry office showed up for work. tracking down the people who had the keys to the doors and the safes of the building. Now he responded to these insulting hitches with a kind of breezy disdain. Trotsky said that one of the consequences of the revolution would be an end to all this old style European diplomacy where fat cats congregated behind closed doors and treated the people of the world as expendable and exploitable ponds over brandy and cigars. What sort of diplomatic work will we be doing anyway? Trotsky said, why shall issue a few revolutionary proclamations to the peoples? And then shut up shop. But despite this posturing, it was going to be a wee bit more complicated than all that. On November 9th, the Soviet government transmitted the decree on peace to all the other belligerent powers, inviting everyone to take it as the starting point for a general peace. But if you will recall, it also aimed itself over the head of the government of Europe and spoke directly to the people. Lenin had very few illusions about the response from the other powers. The proposal of peace will be met with resistance on the part of the imperials government, he said, we don't fool ourselves on that score. But we hope that revolution will soon break out in the belligerent countries, and that is why we address ourselves to the workers of France, England and Germany. By issuing this call to all the belligerent powers, Lenin was also engaging in a little bit of public relations work. Because while Len did not expect the governments of France or Britain to respond favorably, he absolutely expected the Central Powers to jump at the chance to sign a peace treaty with Russia. One of the things that had dogged Lenin and the Bolsheviks for all of 1917 was the accusation that they were a bunch of paid German agents. That they had been delivered to Petrograd in a German train car, with instructions to wreck Russia from the inside. Now, Lennon did absolutely take from the Kaiser what the Kaiser offered in 1917.

Russian Army Kerensky Pulkovo Krill Loff Krien Lenko Lenin Trotsky Cornelia Nikolai Kamisar Ensign Europe KAY Bolsheviks Petrograd Russia Lennon Foreign Office Imperials Government
A highlight from Indigenous Women: Annie Dodge Wauneka

Encyclopedia Womannica

04:21 min | Last week

A highlight from Indigenous Women: Annie Dodge Wauneka

"John Andre asked Annie Wonka. Why the navajos seem to welcome new ideas so much more readily than other Indians. Well, the changes are so fast, and I'm quite sure and now who's her real love that we can not stand still. We've got to live this black, it can go along with other people. Hello. From wonder media network, I'm Jenny Kaplan, and this is a manica. This month we're covering indigenous women from around the globe. Today, we're talking about a woman who was a prominent leader in the Navajo community and a voice for Navajo people in the U.S. government. She worked to improve her people's health while respecting and preserving Navajo culture. Let's talk about Annie Dodge juanita. Annie was born in 1910 on a Navajo reservation. Her father, Henry Q Dodge was a prominent leader in their tribe. Annie grew up herding sheep on his ranch. When Annie was 8 years old, an influenza epidemic swept across her community, killing thousands of Navajo people. Annie witnessed many of her peers fall sick and die. Later, Annie enrolled the university of Arizona and graduated with a degree in public health. Then in 1951, Annie ran for a seat in the Navajo tribal council and won. Becoming the second woman ever to be elected. Two years later, a tuberculosis epidemic struck the Navajo reservation. Annie was appointed as the chair of the health and welfare committee. She began learning everything she could about tuberculosis. She would drive alone across the reservation, which stretched through Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico, visiting hospitals and tuberculosis patients and studying the disease and treatment options. During her research, Annie began to observe that many Navajo tuberculosis patients distrusted government run hospitals, and wouldn't complete treatments in those spaces. So Annie launched health education campaigns to specifically target Navajo populations. She created a Navajo English dictionary of medical terms. She helped produce short films narrated in Navajo about health education, and she launched a weekly radio program. She even organized a baby contest, where physicians would screen babies health and offer medical advice. On top of all that, Annie traveled around the reservation, explaining to people how tuberculosis worked, and how western medicine, like x-ray machines could help. While Annie was doing this work, she also observed the living conditions of many of the people she was visiting. What she witnessed led to the development of other programs in the Navajo reservation to provide adequate sanitation vaccinations and infant care. Annie was always conscious of Navajo culture and traditions, and her programming always considered the existing practices of the Navajo people. She focused on integrating modern medicine into existing Navajo traditions. During her time on the tribal council, she connected government physicians and volunteer doctors with traditional Navajo medicine men, so they could all work together to improve the health conditions of the Navajo people. But Annie's influence expanded beyond the reservation. During her career, she also was a member of advisory boards of the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. public health service. At a time when Congress was overwhelmingly male. Annie regularly walked the halls to confer with presidents, heads of government agencies and U.S. representatives to be a voice for the Navajo people. Annie served 7 terms on the Navajo tribal council, from 1951 to 1979. At one point, she ran against her husband and won. In 1963, Annie was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her groundbreaking work in public health. In 1984, she was designated by the Navajo people are legendary mother of the Navajo Nation. Annie passed away in 1997 at the age of 87. All month were highlighting the legacies of indigenous women.

Annie Navajo Tuberculosis John Andre Annie Wonka Jenny Kaplan Annie Dodge Juanita Navajo Tribal Council Henry Q Dodge Health And Welfare Committee U.S. Government University Of Arizona Influenza New Mexico Utah Arizona Colorado U.S. Public Health Service Tribal Council U.S.
A highlight from The Auto Zillionaire Who Escaped Japan In A Box

Past Gas

07:55 min | Last week

A highlight from The Auto Zillionaire Who Escaped Japan In A Box

"Try new Christopher mild to moderate eczema. It works at and below the skin surface and can be used on almost everybody, like on the dimples of a diva. Yeah, yeah, where would you vote? Yeah. Well, you both. Or the shoulders of a chef. Look, mom, I made jelly beans on toast. Steroid for you Chris oaks at and below the skin's surface. It blocks piggy for enzymes, which is believed to reduce inflammation, even on the wrist of a rebel. What did you do to your hair? What? The specific way you Christa works is not well defined. Prescription you Christ for mild to moderate eczema is for topical use only in ages three months and up. Do not use if you are allergic to you Christa, Chris aboro ointment 2% or its ingredients, allergic reactions, including hives itching swelling and redness may occur at or near the application site. The most common side effect is application site pain, such as burning or stinging. Come on, moms and dads. Check out you Chris a dot com. And ask your doctor about you, Chris. Can I sing more and more song? This holiday season, you could run around to 5 different stores looking for toys for the kids on your list, or you can get the brands they love for less at Dollar General. Find Christmas morning favorites like Fisher price, LEGO, Disney, hot wheels and LOL surprise, plus everything you need to wrap them up too. So running around like a maniac, or grabbing it all at once. I think you know what to do. Stop by your neighborhood, DG. And let's make gift crabs happen. On a cold December night in 2019, the now infamous Carlos ghosn left his Tokyo apartment around 6 30 p.m. and joined two men at a nearby hotel. The three men took a bullet train from shinagawa to Osaka and arrived at a hotel near the kansai international airport just after 8 p.m.. VR is later, two men left the hotel, carrying several large containers, including an audio equipment box that was later determined to be too big to fit inside the x-ray machine at kansai airport. The two men boarded a bombardier global express private jet, took off at 1110 p.m., heading towards Turkey. Within an hour of the plane landing, a separate private jet took off for Beirut. And then, Carlos ghosn, a former Titan of global car industry was free. But why did it go down like this? Forbes once called ghosn, the hardest working man in the brutally competitive global car business. Japanese referred to him as 7 11, because he would work very hard from early in the morning till late at night. There was even a popular manga comic about his life, and his face had been printed on both Lebanese potion stamps and Japanese restaurant bento boxes. So how did a man nicknamed mister fix it and list it as one of fortune's top ten most powerful international business leaders end up on the run from the law? Today on past gas, it's the epic rise and fall. Of Carlos ghosn. Past ass podcast is not yours. It's not about ports. I wish I had a Tokyo apartment. Yeah. What would you put in it? My butt, your butt in the couch, just a lawn chair. What are those like kneeling chairs? You remember those weird kneeling chase chairs from the 90s where you're leaning forward? Oh, yeah. I'm glad that didn't catch on because that sounds awful. Yeah. I'd heard my knees for sure. They had spikes on them. Oh, do people still turn their chair around backwards in like a bid to look like a bad boy? Speaking of bad boys, I'm recording at the donut studio today. And the vibes around here are surreal. We have ten ten Vin Diesel lookalikes of varying authenticity. In the office today, by the time this podcast airs, this will already have happened, but we're doing a live event next week with ten Vin Diesel look likes. Two of them look a lot like Vin Diesel. 8 of them don't. But they're all bald. One of them is 70, must be 7. I mean like three vin diesels would be funny, but I can't even imagine ten. Well, it's funny. It's funny you say that joke because we started with three, like we were like, that was the joke I pitched, was like, all right, and now here's three Vin Diesel Singh family 100 times. That's a funny bit. And then over the last two weeks during while we were developing this thing, it became ten Vin Diesel's and now the title of the live show is we hired ten vin diesels and the whole thing is about Vin Diesel, basically. You should get them to flip a car over. Do we have them fit the Jetta? Yeah. Yes. Do we have a forklift yet? No. Keep an eye on the old one, because we don't want to have him get a hernia or anything like that. Yeah, that would be bad press. Yeah, it would be bad. Welcome to past gas, everybody. This is not a Vin Diesel show. Every show is in diesel. So I wish it was. I do wish it was. A man is returned to the franchise brother. I'm your host Nolan Sykes, joined as always, by my two co hosts. We got James pumphrey. Maybe maybe two, two. And then we got Joe Weber, Joe's back from Ireland. I'm back. Guys, I'm calling upon wink wink nation to keep it juice today because I'm very low on energy. I am jet lagged as hell. I've been up since three in the morning because I couldn't sleep. So I call upon you to harness the energy of wink wink nation and funnel it into me. Yeah, we need a captain planet Joe today. Yeah, I'm like immortan Joe of this nation. I heard you got diarrhea in a castle. Yeah. I won't dwell on that though. I'll talk about the cool stuff. The Irish car scene is cool as hell. There's a ton of AE 86s and I saw you know how your driver on Los Angeles and see like takeover spots in the middle of an intersection with just donut marks. There was like the smaller version of that because the roads are so small, but I did go on like the equivalent of an Irish two gay. Which was just this tiny little mountain road and I saw some one had been drifting on it and I was like, dad. I'm tiny little mountain road. Let's go to the tug. The tiny little mountain room. That's awesome, man. I love Irish people, and I'm counting in the days till I can go back. I'm pretty sure I'm Irish. Oh, I bet you got some menu. Yeah, because I'm so red. And I love whisky. My accent is just like built in. Like, you know, it's so authentic. A tiny little mountain root. We are entry into the accent. Because obviously we were doing bits the whole time was traveling with some comedians. We did the accent a fair bit and our entry into it when you're like, can't remember how to do it is ego tea tatar. That's all you gotta do and then you're in it. Tea totor.

Carlos Ghosn Kansai International Airport Chris Oaks Chris Aboro Allergic Reactions Eczema Shinagawa Chris Tokyo Christa Fisher Price Ghosn Christopher Vin Diesel Singh Osaka Lego Beirut Forbes Disney
A highlight from Indigenous Women: Maria Tallchief

Encyclopedia Womannica

04:50 min | Last week

A highlight from Indigenous Women: Maria Tallchief

"Hello, I'm Jordan Marie brings three white horses Daniel. I'm Chloe Tasha Lakota and I'm the founder and organizer of rising hearts, a professional runner and also a filmmaker. And today I'm excited to introduce Maria tall chief. Maria stands out to me because she was the first native to hold rank as one of the first major prima ballerinas and really revolutionized ballet. And I'm really happy to see that she's on this list because she just really helped pave the way for representation for native peoples, but also as a native woman doing what she loved what she was passionate about. I'm really excited for you all to learn more about her and now here's host Jenny caplan to tell you all about Maria tell chief. Hello. From under media network, I'm Jenny caplan, and this is a manica. Today we're talking about the first indigenous ballerina in history to receive international recognition. She was the highest paid ballet dancer in her time and gave new life to the American ballet scene. Let's talk about Maria tall chief. Maria was born Elizabeth Marie tall chief on January 24th, 1925 in fairfax, Oklahoma. Her father, Alexander, was a member of the osage tribe, and her mother Ruth was of Scott's Irish descent. Maria had an older brother George and a younger sister, Marjorie. Growing up, Maria lived in affluent life. When her father was a boy, oil was discovered on osage land, and the tribe became quite wealthy. Maria recalled in her memoir that she felt her father owned the town. From the local movie theater to the pool hall, he had a lot of property. Her family also owned a summer house in Colorado Springs, where Maria had her first ballet lesson at the age of three. The arts were important to Maria's family. She and her sister learned concert piano alongside dance from a young age. But dance quickly became their focus. When Maria was 8 years old, her family moved to Los Angeles. The day they arrived, Maria went to a drugstore with her mom and sister to get some snacks. While waiting for their order Maria's mom asked the clerk if he knew of any dance teachers in the neighborhood, he recommended Ernest belcher, the father of famous TV star Marge champion. Maria's mom took his recommendation, and from there, Maria's future began to unfold. Maria later recounted in her memoir an anonymous man in an unfamiliar town decided our fate with those few words. At 12 years old, Maria began rigorous training under the tutelage of the renowned Polish dancer, bronislaw and nijinska. Maria received special encouragement from her teacher. During the height of World War II, Maria signed on to join the ballet Rus de Monte Carlo in New York. Her colleagues often tried to convince Maria to change her name to sound more Eastern European. But Maria refused to change tall chief to Tulsi Eva. She was proud of her osage surname. Instead, she changed Marie to Maria, and called it a day. Maria danced in several ensembles and musicals. She made a name for herself as she pioneered poetic Americana. She began to catch the eye of George Balanchine, a famous Georgian choreographer. Their fondness of each other's genius led the two to marry in 1946. Their relationship wasn't necessarily steamy or passionate. Maria said passion and romance didn't play a big part in our married life. We saved our emotions for the classroom. Together they were an unstoppable force. Balanchine created several noteworthy roles for Maria. Her most celebrated performance was perhaps as the title role in firebird, an elaborate dance based on Russian folklore. Still, the relationship didn't last. Within four years of marriage, the couple divorced. They maintained a working relationship. From 1954 to 1955, Maria returned to the ballet Russ de Monte Carlo. There she received a $2000 per week salary from the company, the most any ballet dancer had ever been paid. Though she was earning a lot of money. Maria grew disappointed with the company, and left after one season. She moved instead to the New York City ballet, where she remained for another decade. In 1956, she married Henry passion, a wealthy construction executive. The couple had one daughter together named elisa. In 1965, Maria thought she'd retire completely from ballet. But 9 years later, the lyric opera of

Maria Maria Tall Jenny Caplan Jordan Marie Chloe Tasha Lakota Elizabeth Marie Tall Ernest Belcher Marge Champion Bronislaw Nijinska Rus De Monte Carlo Marjorie Daniel Fairfax Tulsi Eva Ruth Colorado Springs Alexander Oklahoma Scott
A highlight from What Next TBD: Best of 2021 | Inside the Subreddit That Blew Up GameStop

The Secret History of the Future

01:28 min | Last week

A highlight from What Next TBD: Best of 2021 | Inside the Subreddit That Blew Up GameStop

"Make sense anymore. We made this episode back in January when GameStop stock was on a crazy ride thanks to a bunch of investors on Reddit. It seemed like it couldn't last. But now it's November. And the ride is still going. And a quick heads up. There is some swearing in this episode. Well, tell me a little bit about yourself. I guess as much as you're comfortable telling me. Sure, I'm a software engineer in the southwest. This guy, we're going to call him Jason. He's a 36 year old dad. Jason is not his real name, but we agreed to give him a pseudonym because we're talking about a subreddit he's on, called WallStreetBets. A subreddit that is at the center of the chaotic last few days in the stock market. And he didn't really want his employer to know about all of this. I asked him what he thought. The first time he went on WallStreetBets. My impression was that these guys are absolute doofuses and it's hilarious. It's difficult to describe without swearing because they swear about themselves so much. It's okay, it's a podcast, you can swear. WallStreetBets is like a lot of Reddit in that there are a bunch of people with screen names like doctor blunt, or my mom looks at this. But these people are there to talk about investing. Mostly day trading. Okay, well, lately, this deep fucking value guy has been posting really in depth due diligence. This guy clearly knows what he's doing,

Reddit Gamestop Jason
A highlight from The Wandering Soul

The Experiment

05:27 min | Last week

A highlight from The Wandering Soul

"That these people were hearing was not a ghost. It was actually a weapon. A weapon designed and deployed by the U.S. Military and their South Vietnamese allies to target the deepest fears of the Vietnamese people. It was only used for a brief moment during the war, but rather than fade away into history. It was one of the shrapnel in the neck and mouth. This ghost. Bleeding rather badly. Has refused broken over the word the body's word. To die. You have to admit, there's something a little sinister about all of this. Okay, just to back up. This is historian Eric B villard. I am at the U.S. Army center of military history in Washington, D.C., and I am a Vietnam more specialist. And Eric says this strange weapon was created in part because of the Korean War. During the Korean War, just over a decade prior, a number of American soldiers and marines were captured by the North Koreans, and soon after you can imagine the surprise. Heard on communist radio stations. Exhorting us in their own normal voices. Sounding like communists. Fellow Americans. Don't go on with a senseless war. Stop being the tools of the rich capitalists who start wars for profit. Join us as guests of the Chinese people's volunteer army. It really spooked a lot of people on the battlefield and at home. This anxiety that the communists could brainwash good, solid decent American sons and noddles. And there was this feeling that we've got to get ahead of this. And so during the Vietnam War, the United States became very interested in what motivated the enemy to fight and then figuring out what can we do to convince those people to not fight. This was Sia. Psychological warfare. The warfare of the mind. Its mission is to influence the thoughts of the enemy soldier. Idea was if you could persuade people using words and ideas. To put down their weapons, you could win the war while killing fewer people. That's the essence of psychological warfare. And who's the best in the world at convincing people to do stuff? Eyes cold. The ad folks of Madison Avenue. At that particular moment, there was, you know, this madman advertising and now it's Pepsi. Explosion. With TVs and radios now in living rooms across the country. All of a sudden there were all of these opportunities. To understand what makes us tick. What can I do about my hair? Exploit it. You halo shampoo. And get us to buy things. Want anything special for your birthday? Just a decent cup of coffee. And the military took note of this. What and do we know where they're actually add folks that joined the armed services? Yeah, absolutely. That was one of the areas where they were, you know, look for talent. They would go to people and say, boy. Lucky strike filters will show you plenty of smooth flavor. You're lucky strike campaign was really effective. Maybe you can tell us something about how to convince someone to turn in their weapon. And so all these admin began to search for a weakness in their target audience. The Viet Cong in North Vietnamese soldier. My name is wingman so. I joined the military when I was 18. In the year 1971. Your body tinting up. Big deal. In India. We hired vo Tron dong and new in van ha. You're right. Reporters in Vietnam to interview a few North Vietnamese and Viet Cong soldiers for us. When you think about these soldiers, they were far far from where they were born and raised. Most of these kids would be farmers or fishermen or maybe living a place like Hanoi. Boy, not only had not. I was a Hanoi. In my sophomore year at the university of industrial art. I was the first of the university to join. My college principal even drove me to the army station. And the students lined up on both sides of the gate clapping hands. Conveniently. At that time, I didn't think much. But I thought that the war wouldn't be too terrible. But when I had been in the army for a while. I was mentally broken. I mean, your average northern soldier, they're not they never lived in the jungle. They never lived in the mountains. That was crazy. And so here they are, squatting in the jungle, hundreds of miles from home. Haven't seen their family in 6 months a year, two years. My mom took the link in Europe. I was hoping that I could get out of the war and go home. I felt

Eric B Villard U.S. Army Center Of Military H Washington, D.C. Chinese People's Volunteer Arm Vietnam U.S. SIA Eric Vo Tron Dong Pepsi Viet Cong Hanoi University Of Industrial Art India Army Europe
A highlight from The Model Citizens Edition

The Promised Podcast

01:06 min | Last week

A highlight from The Model Citizens Edition

"There was a dress made just of discarded pages from discarded Ikea catalogs. There were lovely, high heeled shoes, fashioned of cigarette butts. There was a trash bag tank top. There were hair bands made from yogurt containers, a necklace made of plastic clothes pins designed by jewelry designer erit gross. There was a necklace that seems to have been made from the tops of the plastic hammers kids bunk each other over the head with on Independence Day, and there was much, much more. A young model maybe 8 years old were a dress made of the plastic drains at the bottom of pota cheese containers. She held a sign that read in English say no to plastic. A teenager in the clothespin necklace held a sign that read in a hybrid mishmash of Hebrew in English, quote, because we have no planet be in lanu planet B it read. The trash fashion runway walk started at the comb ill foe definitely not fast fashion haute couture boutique in the port, which to celebrate the event posted a post on their Facebook page that read, quote, they say that by 2050, there

Erit Gross Ikea Facebook
A highlight from Indigenous Women: Bartolina Sisa

Encyclopedia Womannica

04:42 min | Last week

A highlight from Indigenous Women: Bartolina Sisa

"Hello. From wonder media network, I'm Jenny caplan, and this is a manica. This month we're highlighting indigenous women from around the globe. This episode is depictions of violence. If you're listening with young children, you may want to sit this one out. Today we're featuring a woman who became a symbol for the Latin American anti colonial movement of the 18th century. She led several uprisings against Spanish rule. Please welcome bartolina sisa. Bartolina sisa was likely born on August 24th, 1753. She came from a well off, aymara family that traded coca leaves. The aymara are an indigenous people from the central Andes in Peru and Bolivia. Their language is also called Amara. Bertolina was from the imperial province of La Paz. Back then, La Paz was considered upper Peru. Today, it's part of Bolivia. La Paz was founded by a Spanish colonizer or conquistador in 1548 on the site of an Incan village. Soon after the Spanish conquest, much of the indigenous population of what's now Bolivia was forced to labor in mines by the Spaniards. Some cities, including La Paz supplied the food and other necessities for this labor. The Spanish invasion introduced violence and exploitation to the continent. It was under the suppression that bartolina grew up. She set out to fight back and organize grassroots battalions against the Spanish Empire with the help of other women and her partner, Tupac Qatari. Tupac was an insurgent leader and the Inca king of the aymaras and vice king of the Incan empire. Bartolina was responsible for recruiting fighters, organizing supply logistics and controlling movement around the rebel territory. In 1781, she took part in the first siege of La Paz. She organized camps and other towns and parts of the capitol. On March 13th, the group set up in the eastern part of L aalto, a city adjacent to La Paz and closed off all access to the capitol. They maintained their occupation until June when the army intervened. Some sources say that bartolina was tortured and brutally interrogated. But that she didn't divulge any information to her Spanish captors. There are also reports that say that her fellow organizers hosted a party of sorts, for her birthday. They made noise outside the prison where she was being held to demonstrate solidarity and offer strength. Bartoli's husband tried to rescue her, and may have offered himself an exchange for her freedom. He was unsuccessful and was captured and sentenced by Spanish forces. On November 14th, while bartolina was still in prison, she was forced to watch the public dismemberment of her partner Tupac Qatari. The aymara tradition credits him with speaking these words before his death. They will only kill me, but tomorrow, I shall return, and I will be millions. While the uprisings of 1781 were difficult to maintain, and were challenged with suppression and violence. It's clearly played a key role in the fight for independence. According to an investigation by historian Pilar mendieta, who looked into the journals of a judge and member of the local elite. He was surprised by how indigenous women played a primary role in political actions usually regarded as valid only in the male realm. As they fought side by side with their husbands, throwing stones and even leading armies. Indigenous women were taking action outside the walls of the city under siege. Bartolina sisa was brutally murdered on September 5th, 1782. While her death was used to instill fear. Her legacy lives on and continues to inspire. September 5th marks international indigenous women's day. In 2005, bartolina was declared a national imara heroin by the Bolivian Congress. Many anti imperialist and anti colonial indigenous groups bear her name to this day. All month, we're honoring the legacies of indigenous women.

La Paz Bartolina Bolivia Bartolina Sisa Jenny Caplan Tupac Qatari Central Andes Bertolina Peru Aymara Amara Coca Tupac Bartoli Pilar Mendieta Army Congress
A highlight from 358 | Forgotten

Aaron Mahnke's Cabinet of Curiosities

01:10 min | Last week

A highlight from 358 | Forgotten

"Our world is full of the unexplainable, and if history is an open book, all of these amazing tales are right there on display. Just waiting for us to explore. Welcome. To the cabinet of curiosities. Newcomers to a community are often intriguing, especially when that community is small and everyone knows one another. For example, new neighbors can either be a blessing or a curse, depending on how loud they play their music or how rambunctious their children are. Change is difficult to accept, and what is new is often mistaken for bad. But sometimes a fresh face is just what a sleepy town needs to jolt it awake, and that's exactly what one small English town got in 1817 when almondsbury welcomed a certain royal figure. It began when a local cobbler found a strange young woman on his doorstep. Her clothes made it clear she was not from around town. She wore what people of a time had described as exotic, including a turban, which had been wrapped around her head. The cobbler asked if there was anything he could do

Almondsbury Cabinet
A highlight from Indigenous Women: Angela Sidney

Encyclopedia Womannica

06:04 min | 2 weeks ago

A highlight from Indigenous Women: Angela Sidney

"Hello, from wonder media network, I'm Jenny Kaplan, and this is romantica. This month we're highlighting indigenous women from around the globe. Today's a mannequin was a remarkable storyteller in the Yukon territory of Canada. As one of the last members of the tag ish. She recognized the power and importance of preserving native culture and traditions. Please welcome Angela Sydney. Angela Sydney was born in care cross in Yukon, Canada on January 4th, 1902. Originally known as Caribou crossing, care cross was home to the care cross, tagged, first nation. Angela's parents, John and Maria were of tagish and clink at ancestry. They were both members of the day shitan clan. When Angela was a baby, she was given a tagged and clink at name in addition to her English name. It's been said she was given the name Angela because her godfather said she looks like a little angel. Before Angela and her brother and sister were born, their parents had four other children. Tragically, these children died at the hands of various illnesses, including German measles, dysentery, smallpox, and jaundice. Angela's mother was not immune to these diseases and suffered from long-term side effects for the rest of her life. As the eldest surviving daughter, Angela was responsible for taking care of her mother. Angela took advantage of their mother daughter time. She asked question after question about the traditions and culture of their people. She heard many colorful stories about the way things used to be. One of Angela's favorite activities was listening to her elders share ancient stories that had been passed down through many generations. Growing up, Angela learned three languages. Click it, tagged and English. She learned clink it and tagged from family members while earning English at an Anglican mission school and care cross. When Angela was just 5 years old, she stopped regularly speaking tagged. As she grew older, she noticed that the tagged language and culture was starting to fade. Throughout Angela's childhood, her tagged community was going through a significant transition. For hundreds of years, the tag ish and clink at people lived harmoniously side by side, trading goods and intermarrying. By the mid 19th century, the tagas people had started adopt and clean kit language and customs. Tag culture slowly began to disappear. It became almost obsolete in the 1900s, a decline perhaps hastened by white prospectors who came to Yukon in search of gold and disrupted the tagged way of life. When Angela was 14 years old, with her parents support, she married a section worker named George Sidney, who was twice her age. They married in a traditional clink at ceremony. When one of Angela's white school teachers learned of the marriage, the teacher told George that they needed to marry the white man way. George and Angela obliged and had a second wedding in the Anglican church. Shortly after their marriage, Angela gave birth to their first child in 1917. In the years to come, she would have 6 more children. Four of whom died young. When it came to passing her knowledge down to her children. Angela embraced the old and new ways of her world. She wanted her children to be progressive without forgetting the ways of their ancestors. Angela herself had feet in both worlds. She learned the traditional healing methods of her clan, while caring for her mother, and also studied modern medical textbooks as an adult. Because of this dual wealth of knowledge, Angela served as the unofficial nurse of care cross. Angela's husband George became the chief of care cross after chief Patsy Henderson died. In this new position of power, he and Angela made it a mission to maintain mixed race schools of white and first nation kids. After her husband passed away in 1971, Angela dedicated her life to preserving the language and stories of the tag ish, as well as the history of the Yukon. She was one of the last fluent speakers of the tagish language, and one of the few people still telling in passing down old stories. Angela was intent on not letting Yukon tradition and customs disappear. She was all too familiar with the disappointment of feeling like the stories she was told growing up. Didn't match her lived experiences. For example, when it was time for her to receive a potlatch name, there was no clan elder to give it to her because those with the knowledge had passed without sharing it with their descendants. In the last 17 years of her life, Angela worked with anthropologists and other elders to keep the tagged language and traditions alive. In collaboration with anthropologist Julie cruikshank. Angela published two books. My stories are my wealth in 1977 and tagged sluggy, tagged stories in 1982. She also published a book that archived place names for tagged and clink at locations around the region's southern lakes. In 1983, Angela and Julie produced a record of Angela's family tree that encompassed 6 generations starting in the mid 1800s. Angela made history in 1986 when she became the first native woman from the Yukon to become a member of the order of Canada. She was recognized for her contributions to northern linguistics and ethnographic studies. In 1988, Angela's niece and a fellow storyteller created the Yukon international storytelling festival in honor of Angela and her stories. Angela Sidney died on July 17th, 1991. Her contributions to preserving her language and culture are commemorated with the bust in white horse Canada. Underneath the statue lies a plaque inscribed with her words. I have no money to leave for my grandchildren. My stories are my wealth. All month, we're talking

Angela Angela Sydney Jenny Kaplan Yukon Anglican Mission School Canada George Sidney Dysentery George Jaundice Smallpox Patsy Henderson Maria Anglican Church John Julie Cruikshank Julie Angela Sidney
A highlight from Rebroadcast: George Washington: The First American Action Hero

This American President

01:39 min | Last week

A highlight from Rebroadcast: George Washington: The First American Action Hero

"What do you think of when you hear the name George Washington? Do you think about the famous story of him chopping down the cherry tree? Or the fact that he was the first president of the United States? Or that his face is on the $1 bill? 217 years after his death, George Washington can seem more like a myth than a real person. More monument than man. And some might even call him boring. We learned that he was a man of integrity and we on. Perhaps in our cynical times, we prefer leaders a bit more complicated, and a bit more human. In the first episode of this American president, we will explore the real George Washington. Indeed, he was a real human being, who, like anyone, was flawed, had quirks and made mistakes. But I hope you'll find that he was anything but boring. In fact, this George Washington might surprise you. You know that he was our first chief executive. But did you know that Washington, the Dow or old man on the dollar bill was actually an action hero? My name is Richard Lim, and I've spent much of my life studying the presidents of the United States. I even work for one and had the privilege of seeing him up close. My friends and I started this podcast so that I could share this passion with others. We've had 45 presidents. And each one represents a unique chapter in our nation's history. Those chapters are filled with triumphs and tragedies, successes and failures. Some of our presidents were brilliant. Others were just plain bizarre. But they all have a story to tell and help to shape the country we have today. And now, we will explore one of those stories on

George Washington Richard Lim United States Washington
Dr. Maria Montessori: Founder of Montessori Schools

Encyclopedia Womannica

02:36 min | 2 months ago

Dr. Maria Montessori: Founder of Montessori Schools

"Eighteen ninety six. Maria graduated with honors from the university of rome medical school. She was among the first female physicians and all of italy. Maria worked as a surgical assistant in low income areas of rome. She also had a private practice focusing on psychiatry through this work to came to have this revelation she said i felt that mental deficiency presented chiefly pedagogical rather than mainly a medical problem so maria began to study education. Theory and philosophy in one thousand nine hundred. Maria became the co director of a small school. That served as a training institute for special education teachers. The school's pupils were children with developmental and learning disabilities. Maria pulled from her background in medicine and approached the work. With scientific rigor she conducted experiments and made adjustments to teaching methods based on her observations. She offered unique materials to keep kids stimulated and it worked many of the children and the program made unexpected improvements and it was deemed a great success. Maria took her findings all over europe. She gave speeches where she explained her research and used her platform to advocate for children's and women's rights in her observations. Maria found that children were highly self motivated and curious. She saw that when children were allowed to pursue their in neat curiosities. They naturally learn from their environment. Maria advocated that teachers. Follow the child which was a radical idea for the time and to phrase that would define her legacy in nineteen o seven. Maria had an opportunity to fully implement her thinking she opened a full day. Child care center and a poor inner city neighborhood in rome. The students were children aged two to three or six to seven. Who had been historically under served in the italian education system. Maria specifically designed the space to allow children to self select between pre orchestrated activities or learning. Puzzles this attentive. Learning environment was called casa dei bambini and it was the first of its kind in italy. It became the first montessori

Maria University Of Rome Medical Sch Institute For Special Educatio Rome Italy Child Care Center Europe
Alfred Wegner Takes Continental Drift to the Next Level

Everything Everywhere Daily

02:19 min | 2 months ago

Alfred Wegner Takes Continental Drift to the Next Level

"It was a really interesting guy. Born in eighteen eighty in germany got his degree in astronomy but became meteorologist which was still a rather new field at the time. His primary interest was in the northern polar regions. And how air circulated. He participated in four expeditions to greenland and was one of the first meteorologist to adopt the use of weather balloons. However meteorology and expeditions to greenland aren't what alfred wegener is best known for its for his contributions to geology and geophysics. The idea that he is remembered for began innocently enough on christmas day nineteen ten. He was at his friend's house when he began looking at his brand new world. Atlas he made the observation that south america and africa seemed like they fit together like pieces in a puzzle. I should that he was far from the first person to notice this once. Decent maps began being published. In the last part of the sixteenth century people. i observed the same thing. The first person we know of who made the observation was dutch. Cartographer abraham or telling us or telling us created the first modern atlas in fifteen seventy which means he was probably the first person to have the idea because no one before that really had a good grasp of the geography of the continent's william colby wrote in his book on geologic history. Quote abraham are telling us in his work to doris geographic suggested that the americas were torn away from europe and africa by earthquakes and floods and went on to say the vestiges of the rupture. Reveal themselves if someone brings forward a map of the world and considers carefully the coasts of the three continents and quote. Ortelius was far from alone after him. The idea that the continents fit together somehow kept popping up theater. Christoph lilienthal alexander von humboldt antonio snider pellegrini and alfred russel wallace all made the same observation one or two hundred years before moreover there were several other scientists just a decade before who came to a similar conclusion. In fact. there's a good chance that you probably made the same observation. One of the first times that you saw a world map they took the idea to another level however he began by cutting up maps and piecing the landmasses together like a puzzle. He was able to put the continents together into one giant continent that he named panja from the greek words for all and land.

Greenland Cartographer Abraham Alfred Wegener William Colby Doris Geographic Africa Germany Ortelius South America Christoph Lilienthal Alexander Abraham Americas Alfred Russel Wallace Europe Panja
September 17th, 1859: Joshua Norton Declares Himself Emperor the United States

This Day in History Class

02:16 min | 2 months ago

September 17th, 1859: Joshua Norton Declares Himself Emperor the United States

"The day was september seventeenth. Eighteen fifty nine a failed gold rush era businessman named joshua norton visited the offices of the san francisco bulletin. He gave the editor a short notice to be published in that day's paper and it began as follows at the peremptory request of a large majority of the citizens of these united states. I joshua norton of san francisco california declare and proclaim myself emperor of these united states. Now not much is known about norton's early life before his time as the self proclaimed emperor but what we do know is he was born around eighteen eighteen to a jewish family of merchants in present day. London when he was two. His family moved to south africa where his father established a successful ship. Supply business norton trying to get into the family business himself but his own ship supply. Company wound up going bankrupt after less than two years by the time he was thirty years old. Both of his parents and two of his siblings had died so one year later in eighteen. Forty nine norton left south africa for good in made his way to san francisco like many aspiring businessmen of his day. Norton had traveled to california hoping to capitalize on the recent gold rush after receiving his inheritance. He was worth about forty thousand dollars. Which is well over a million dollars. In today's money in san francisco. He invested that money in real estate including waterfront property. He also started a successful commodities business selling staple foods like rice and flour by eighteen. Fifty two norton had turned his forty thousand dollar investment into a quarter million dollar fortune. He was now one of the most influential and respected citizens of the city. But in a boom and bust town like gold. Rush era san francisco. What goes up. We'll certainly come down and often sooner than you'd expect.

Joshua Norton San Francisco Bulletin Norton San Francisco United States South Africa California London
The Life of Patsy Matsu Mink

Encyclopedia Womannica

02:19 min | 2 months ago

The Life of Patsy Matsu Mink

"Hat matsu. Takemoto was born in pya. Maui hawaii territory. On december sixth nineteen twenty-seven patsies grandparents emigrated from japan to work in hawaii. Sugar plantations growing up as a third generation. Japanese american patsy witnessed heavy discrimination towards japanese americans and indigenous hawaiians when patsy was fourteen years old fighter jets bombed pearl harbor. Patsies father was subsequently taken by authorities one night and heavily questioned. Though her dad returned safely. The next day patsies family lived in fear from that point on patsy later said that that moment made her realize that one couldn't take citizenship and the promise of the. Us constitution for granted hats. He graduated for maui high school as both class president and valedictorian. She went on to study to different colleges in the mainland. Us before moving back to hawaii in nineteen forty eight. Patty graduated from the university of hawaii. With a bachelor's in chemistry and zoology patsies original career goal was to become a physician but no medical school would accept her so she decided to change career paths and instead pursued law she applied to university of chicago's law school and accidentally got accepted as a foreign student at the time. Patsy was one of only two women in her class in nineteen fifty one. Patsy earned her. Jd and married graduate student. John francis mink a year later. The couple had their only child. Patsy faced a lot of discrimination for being a working mother and having an interracial marriage many major chicago law firms rejected her application so her family relocated to honolulu in nineteen fifty-three patsy. He became the first japanese american and woman to pass the bar and practiced law in hawaii but many law firms in hawaii still turned her away instead. Patsy went into private practice and taught business law at the university of hawaii.

Patsy Takemoto Hawaii Maui High School Maui Pearl Harbor Japan University Of Hawaii John Francis Mink Patty United States University Of Chicago Honolulu Chicago
Who Was Warlord Vortigern?

Everything Everywhere Daily

02:13 min | 2 months ago

Who Was Warlord Vortigern?

"Island of great britain was originally an island that was inhabited by celtic peoples. It was later occupied by roman became a roman province yet. The people who live on the island didn't end up speaking a celtic or romance language. They ended up speaking a language that belong to the germanic family of languages. The following story. A might have had something to do with how that happened. More on that in a bit the events in question date back to the late fifth century. This is a period of british history. That has some major holes. The roman empire had collapsed and nothing had really risen to take its place. There are many warlords and kings who vied for power. This was the period of time. When according to legend king arthur would have ruled so pretty much everything from this period is kind of questionable one of the rulers at that time was a warlord named voter turn. He was the leader of the britons in the wake of the roman collapse from what accounts we are told. He got to his position via a lot of duplicity and skulduggery supposedly. He had worked his way into a position of influence with the romans took advantage of that to usurp the throne the to rightful heirs. Were a pair of young brothers named or really ascend brosius and author and they were sent overseas for their education ford gern. Having assumed the throne had a hard time holding onto power he was constantly dealing with incursions from the picks and the scots and the north he was also dealing with the potential of an armada joining the two brothers to take back the throne. his solution to deal with. These problems was to hire mercenaries. Hiring mercenaries wasn't necessarily a bad idea it had been done throughout history with various levels of success. Forty gern contract out the work to to saxon brothers by the name of hen. Gist and horsa. They would bring in dramatic mercenaries to fight off the picks and the scots on behalf of the britain king in exchange for their services voltigeur offered this accents. The isle of janet to settle on today the island is actually a peninsula in the county of kent. Fifteen hundred years ago it was an island separated by six hundred meter channel. The saxon brought over at least eighteen warships full of warriors and probably many many more over time and there was something else that hingis brought over with him. His daughter rowena ruina was by all accounts very beautiful and iger in was spin with her

Brosius Britain King Arthur Ford Gist Janet Peninsula Kent Hingis Rowena Ruina Iger
The Days After 9/11: Will Things Ever Be Funny Again?

One Plus One

02:14 min | 2 months ago

The Days After 9/11: Will Things Ever Be Funny Again?

"On amazon music or with one plus in the days after nine eleven it really did feel like nothing would ever be funny again. Welcome to the late show. This is our first show on the air. Sense of new york and washington were attacked. Even the men on late night had abandoned their post. Then shuffled back. One by one cowed by their lack of words to describe what had happened. Letterman came. I watching all of this. I wasn't sure of that. I should be doing a television show because for for twenty years we've been in in the city making fun of everything making fun of the city making fun of my hair making fun of paul well. Conan came the next night. I will be very honest with you. I have no idea how to do what we've been doing. I know i have no idea how we're going to get back to doing this again. That's how we all feel. And then jon stewart two nights later. I was a producer on the daily show. Then standing just offstage with the rest of the staff feeling like someone had pulled the parking brake at full speed. Our senses of humor had dropped right out of the bottom of the car. So we're we're gonna take a break. And i'm going to stop slobbering on myself in the desk and we're going to get back to this and it's gonna be fun and funny and it's going to be the same as it was and i thank you. We'll be right back. I just assumed well. We can't do humor todd. Hanson was the head writer at the satirical newspaper the onion at the time. Everyone on the staff assumed that and so we cancelled it and we just went dark and of course who cares. It's just comedy right. But here's the problem the onion isn't just a scrappy. College comedy thing anymore. They have financial backers they have payroll. They have add biased fulfil hell. They still have to pay. They might be giants. They can't just stop printing whenever they want. They have to put there next issue. A whole newspaper full of

Letterman Amazon Conan Jon Stewart Washington New York Paul Hanson Todd Giants
The Port Chicago Disaster

Everything Everywhere Daily

01:51 min | 3 months ago

The Port Chicago Disaster

"One is quite sure exactly what happened but at ten eighteen pm there was a loud crash. The seminars reported as sounding like metal and timber falling down. This probably a crane or one of the booms which had collapsed then. There was the sound of an explosion and then a fire about five. To seven seconds later there was a massive explosion that destroyed the entire facility. It was one of the largest explosions in history up until that point pilots in the air at the time saw a fireball three miles into the air. The blast was felt in boulder city nevada. Four hundred thirty miles away. There was damaged onto buildings in san francisco forty eight miles away debris landed over two miles away and the plane which witnessed it said it's all white hot debris shooting past it. At an altitude of seven thousand feet. It coastguard fireboat near the pier was thrown six hundred feet or one hundred and eighty meters away where it eventually landed in the water and sank. There were three hundred and twenty men and the peer when the explosion occurred all of them died instantly. Two thirds of the dead. Were african american enlisted men who were working on the dock. In fact this explosion by itself was responsible for fifteen percent of all of the african american deaths in the second world war. I've got a previous episode on the halifax harbour explosion during world war one. The portugual explosion wasn't quite as large. But it wasn't too far away the biggest difference and the reason why the fatalities were lower. Portugal is that there were no civilians on the base. There were two hundred and fifty other injuries and of the men who were killed only fifty one wherever identified an inquiry was launched only four days after the explosion and the ruling was that it was probably the fault of one of the enlisted men. Nothing was mentioned about the poor safety conditions and the lack of training

Boulder City Nevada San Francisco Halifax Harbour Portugal
Influential Educators: Nursery School Pioneer Margaret McMillan

Encyclopedia Womannica

02:01 min | 3 months ago

Influential Educators: Nursery School Pioneer Margaret McMillan

"Margaret and rachel contributed to the christian socialist magazine and margaret began giving free lessons to working class girls in london. These the beginning years of their lives in service. At the poor and disenfranchised for the next few years the sisters helped workers and strikes and traveled to different industrial regions of england giving talks and visiting the poor to better understand the needs of communities their engagement also led to involvement in several socialist societies and groups in nineteen. Oh two when margaret was forty two years old. The sisters joined the recently formed labor party. The labor party remains the major political parties in england to this day at that time working class children were expected to work long hours in terrible conditions as their parents did. Factory owners cared more about profit than safety and children often got injured. And we're not paid well. This exploitation deeply concerned the sisters and they became champions for the wellbeing of all children. They canvassed for a bill that established a nurse all primary schools. They established community health and dental clinics in a needy area of london. They used their connections to establish night clinics in deptford where children could get a nutritious hot meal a bath and clean clothes and bedding and they became involved in a campaign to provide meals in schools. Arguing that hungry children could not learn and contributing to legislation. That made it law in. Nineteen eleven margaret wrote the child and the state in it. She criticized the tendency of some schools to focus solely on preparing children for unskilled on monotonous labor. She believed schools should offer a humane and interesting education that spurred the growth of the next

Margaret Christian Socialist Magazine Labor Party England Rachel London Deptford
How Reformer Charlotte Mason Changed Homeschooling

Encyclopedia Womannica

02:23 min | 3 months ago

How Reformer Charlotte Mason Changed Homeschooling

"Was born charlotte. Maria shah mason in a town called garth on the northwest tip of wales. She was born on january first eighteen. Forty two she was an only child and was educated at home by her parents and she left home. She moved to worthing in west sussex there. She spent ten years teaching at a girls secondary school during that time charlotte began to develop her own original teaching methods at the time and even today many schools used classical education system. This system offers student. Three main categories of study grammar dialectic and rhetoric it places emphasis on writing and systemic grades and often leaves the fine arts outside of the main curriculum. Charlotte disagreed with the system. She believed didn't offer the full scope of education to children and was especially interested in making the liberal arts more accessible as a result she started to pen her own books. She began with the popular series on geography eighteen eighty seven. She co founded the parents educational union or p helped provide resources for parents. Home schooling their children 1891 charlotte moved to amble side england. Where she wrote her most well-known works. She published a series of books that explained her educational philosophies at the beginning of each. She summarized her fundamental ideas. I she wrote. Education is an atmosphere. A discipline wife. Secondly education is the science of relations. Charlotte believed children were innately born as people and thinkers whose own ideas should be respected regardless of their age. She thought children were drawn to honest desires and that the role of adults was to help rid them of bad habits. In order to reach their potential charlotte's curriculum revolved around providing children with what she called living books or books written by people with great passion for the subject. they're writing

Maria Shah Mason Charlotte Garth Worthing Parents Educational Union West Sussex Wales England
The Archeological Dig of Gobekli Tepe

Everything Everywhere Daily

01:52 min | 3 months ago

The Archeological Dig of Gobekli Tepe

"When close schmidt began his excavation of go. Beckley tempe in nineteen ninety-four. He had no idea what he was going to find. And by the way the name go beckley tempe in turkish means pot belly hill. The spot was a hill. That had been previously noted in an archaeological survey conducted by the universities of istanbul in chicago in nineteen sixty three. They noted the presence of stone tools as well as some stones sticking out of the ground which they thought were gravestones based on work. At previous sites schmidt realized the stone sticking out of the ground might not be headstones but could be ancient monoliths as he began his dig. He realized that his hunch was correct. The stones work gravestones but were in fact carved ancient monoliths as the dig progressed over the years. They discovered a much larger complex. There were multiple monoliths with elaborate carvings on them. Some of them had pictures of animals and people. The large megaliths stood about fifteen feet or five meters tall. These were surrounded by circular walls. In the at twenty of these circular enclosures that have been discovered so far. The largest megalithic which has been discovered is seven meters or twenty three feet tall and is estimated to weigh fifty tons. The entire complex is located on the top of a hill which has a great view of the surrounding countryside and it isn't near any source of water. There were cisterns found at the site which were designed to collect rainwater. Whoever built this clearly had some form of societal organization in the ability to move large stones in addition to doing artistic carvings. If this was all there was to beckley tepi this would still be incredible find however there was more much more. They found embers from cooking fires on the site and did radiocarbon dating on them. They were also able to date. Many of the tools found at the site. What they discovered was astounding. They were dated as being eleven thousand years old.

Beckley Tempe Universities Of Istanbul Schmidt Chicago Beckley Tepi
The Unexpected Story of a Man and His Bear, Winnipeg

Aaron Mahnke's Cabinet of Curiosities

02:13 min | 3 months ago

The Unexpected Story of a Man and His Bear, Winnipeg

"The toys from our childhood. Stay with us long after we stop playing with them as adults we may lose track of a beloved stuffed animal or a fun action figure but we keep the memories. We remember how safe they made us feel and darkened bedroom or how much fun we had zooming them around the house as if they were flying and yet no matter what we all grow up and leave childish things behind but thanks to one man's impulsive decision. we learned. We don't have to let the past slip away. Not only can we hold onto it but we can share it with the people we love and keep that joy alive for generations to come harry. Colbourn was born in birmingham england in eighteen eighty seven. When he was eighteen years old he moved to ontario canada where he studied to become a veterinarian surgeon upon receiving his degree he settled in winnipeg in manitoba but duty would eventually call. Harry joined the military when world war one became too great to ignore and he hopped a train to quebec for basic training. It was on his way to the camp when he encountered an odd sight. A hunter had killed a black bear and taken. It's cub to sell at a local trading post. Harry gave them twenty dollars and in exchange he took possession of the bear cub which he named winnipeg after the town where he'd been living. His plan was to raise winnipeg for a little while before releasing her back into the forest. Unfortunately harry's plans change very quickly. Winnipeg became a hit among other troops. They played with her and let her stay in the bunks where. She slept under harry's kat that she grew however winnipeg got too big to live indoors and was relegated to outside like a kind of watch bear for the soldiers. The more time they spend together the harder it became for harry to let go. He in winnipeg had grown close. So close that. When he was ordered to go back to england to fight on the western front he refused to release the bear back into the wild he instead snuck her into the ship with the other troops together. They traveled to the second canadian. Infantry brigade camp near stonehenge in england. Harry let her roam free for a while they were there. She enjoyed playing on the large stones but he soon understood that he would have to give her up. There was just no way for winnipeg to go all the way with him to the front

Winnipeg Colbourn Harry England Manitoba Birmingham Ontario Quebec Canada Infantry Brigade Camp
September 13th, 1922: The Straw Hat Riot in New York City

This Day in History Class

02:16 min | 3 months ago

September 13th, 1922: The Straw Hat Riot in New York City

"Day was september thirteenth nineteen twenty two in new york city. A group of teenage boys grab the straw hats of some factory. Workers stopped them flat on the sidewalk and then ran like mad later that evening. The boys did the same thing to some dockworkers but this time the hat wearers fought back. The ensuing brawl grew so large. It stopped traffic on the manhattan bridge and police had to be called in to break it up the following day. The new york times reported that quote scores of rowdies on the east side and and other parts of the city started smashing hats. Police reserves were called out straw hat. Bonfires were started and seven. Men were convicted of disorderly conduct in the men's night court. And here's the thing is a wild is all that sounds. The straw hat riot was just getting started by now though. You're probably wondering what's with all the hat smashing to answer that. We have to talk a little about men's fashion in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries at the time buildings didn't have air conditioning or central heating so menswear tended to follow a seasonal shift going from heavier fabrics in the fall and winter to lighter fabrics in the spring and summer. This changeover also applied the hats. Most men of the time wore hats every day typically felt once but they would switch to straw hats in the summer as a way to stay cool over time in unwritten rule. Emerged similar to the idea that you shouldn't wear white after labor day. In this case a man could only don his straw hat between may fifteenth and september fourteenth when the fifteenth rolled around it was time switch back to felt hats for another eight months. This became such an accepted norm that a tongue in cheek new york times article proclaimed that any man who wore a straw hat passed. The cutoff date was quote. A communal enemy and a potential subverter of the social order

New York City The New York Times Cheek New York Times DON
Caution, Contents Hot: The McDonald's Hot Coffee Case of 1992

You're Wrong About...

02:14 min | 3 months ago

Caution, Contents Hot: The McDonald's Hot Coffee Case of 1992

"I heard about this. I know it was a media sensation and like the late mid nineties. Ninety six the verdict came down in ninety four. Yeah and i know that this was an event that was directly. Parodied on seinfeld. Which i think is kind of a litmus test for cultural relevance and the seinfeld version is that kramer is going to a movie theater and he's trying to smuggle in a cafe lot hey and he gospels it. Somehow it burns his leg and he's like i'm going to sue the coffee company because the coffee was too hot and like what a ridiculous thing to sue anyone for making hot coffee hot. It's supposed to be hot. Her and all of this is based on a case. Where there is this. Elderly woman named florence. Liebeck it's actually stella liebeck. Stella why do i think her name's florence. Is there a florence liebeck. I think you're thinking of florence in the coffee machine alright. Stella that's great. What a great name. Who went to mcdonald's drive-thru and she ordered a hot coffee and it spilled somehow and she got burns from the coffee and she sued mcdonalds and the way the story went was mcdonald's had given her like thirty trillion dollars. And there was this sense of lake will what next like. Why doesn't everyone sue every large corporation for a lot of money for a product behaving in a predictable way. Yeah i mean the term that you heard a lot at the time was jackpot justice. Was this idea that people are doing these completely normal things like we've all spilled coffee on ourselves and blowing them up into these like. Oh my life was never the same. After i spilled up. You know luke warm cup of coffee on myself. It's the juxtaposition between this completely. Every day normal thing that happens to everybody and the massive settlement that this woman got by suing mcdonalds and then also i feel like maybe this isn't true but my understanding was that it was because of this like whenever you get a beverage from anywhere still today. If it's hot it'll say like caution contents

Liebeck Stella Liebeck Stella Seinfeld Mcdonald Kramer Mcdonalds Florence Luke