Narcissism Lessons, The War-Stopping Eclipse (w/ Dr. David Warmflash), and Toothed Tumors

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Hi, curiosity dot com to help you get smarter in just a few minutes. I'm Cody gov, and I'm Ashley Hamer today. You'll learn about what you can take away from narcissists to boost your professional and academic success and the groundbreaking and potentially life-saving discovery that came from studying tumors. They can grow teeth. Plus, you'll hear how the prediction of a solar eclipse helped end a war restore in Konami and leave an impact on some of history's greatest minds in the second installment of our moon, Monday miniseries. Let's aside some curiosity narcissism isn't just a psychological condition. It's a personality trait all of us have some degree of narcissism. And it turns out that you can actually use that to your advantage. Get ready to have your narcissists stereotype shattered and find out what you could actually learn from people who know how to harness their intern are cyst, according to a September twenty eighteen study from Queen's University, Belfast narcissists are likely to have a trait that's been closely linked to professional and academic success mental toughness. In a nutshell mental toughness is the mind's ability to hold onto its sense of self and self worth when things aren't going. So great the Boston like your idea. No worries. He'll love the next one. And who cares? What he thinks. Anyway, you're obviously a genius. It's easy to see narcissists slipping into that pattern and thinking, and it's just as easy to see how that kind of thinking could be a major benefit to a person's career to be clear. The study didn't look at people with narcissistic personality disorder. It just looked at participants with high but normal narcissism scores, and that was where they found the people with the highest mental toughness. Now, we're not saying that narcissism is a good thing or that you should try to, cultivate, it like it's a skill. I also can't emphasize enough that a clinical diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder is a real thing that can cause lots of complications in your life. Even if you're not a clinical narcissist narcissism is part of the so called dark triad of personality traits for a reason along with psychopathy and Maquiavelian ISM. You probably don't. I wanna take on more narcissism than you naturally to. But if you regularly doubt yourself, it might not hurt to observe how the more self-centered people in your life think and borrow a little bit of that attitude at work. It's time for the second installment in our moon, Monday miniseries. We're will teach you how the history of the moon has affected the world in some way last week. We talked about how the Babylonians figured out Saros cycles, which basically predict how often is solar eclipse will appear who cares. Right. We'll thanks to this information. The Greek philosopher theories predicted a solar eclipse that helped end a war restore and economy and build a philosophy school that trained a couple of history's greatest minds. Here's the story from Dr David warm flash. But his terms of the eclipse cycles dailies warned about this and in five eighty five BC during a war between a couple at least two Pires a third one involved, but one of one empire was demeans. Empires. Meade's sort of in the area of Persia and the other word the lydian empire that control the big chunk of Asia Minor, including a Yoni. So the Iowans were Greeks who had been there for centuries because the Dorian invasion had pushed everybody all over the place, and they were living along the coast of Asia. Minor Annalong those those islands along the coast and the Libyan's were controlling them. And they wanted it into the war, and knowing these Sarah cycles from the Babylonians Staley's was able who is also a mathematician, he was able to calculate the likelihood of an eclipse. So he probably didn't know the moon was getting in front of the sun announcements causing it. But he knew the mathematics of it. And he turned out. He was he ended up being ri-, and he went to the commanders of both sides, and he told them the gods are really upset about this war. We need an end to the war and to to demonstrate that the. Gods are gonna dark in the sky on Tuesday at three o'clock, whatever and he was he got a little bit lucky because these cycles don't predict the eclipses that note map precisely but a little bit of luck. Also, got it. Right. Whoa. This guy knows what he's talking about. And the war came to an end and Staley's was also able to negotiate pretty good terms for the Onians, which is good for Iranian business. 'cause basically, I only were business people. They were maritime traders all that dailies himself had a certain amount of celebrity status because he predicted a really good olive harvest foreign urine. So he bought up all the olive presses. And you got to be really rich guy because he had this money, and you had this fame by ending the war and that helped him establish a philosophy school on the island of militants in people were flocking to come and study with him and some people eat that we hear about were students affair. Phillies address, for instance, puts agress was one of daily students. Eventually had a really didn't agree with dailies whole approach to how how you obtain knowledge, but he started out as when if they Lee students yet another student in accent Mander who is the earliest person, we know of to come up with an volition area theory about the emergence of humanity from fish that we started out fish, and he reason that fish don't need their their their mothers just come out of an egg in they either get eaten or they could survive. And so he reasoned that human infants couldn't have reclaim them in humans all time because infants can't survive in the first human would have be an instant in, you know, the chicken and egg problem. So he he reason it back to back to fish next week will jump ahead to the middle ages. And here fascinating story about the origins of astronomy. In the meantime, Dr David warm flashes. Book is called moon in illustrated history in you. Can pre-order it on Amazon today? You can also follow him on Twitter at cosmic. Evolution will include links to all that and more in today's show notes. Our last story today is a little creepy. But biology isn't always pretty and on the plus side. The next subject is mostly benign, and it leads scientists to a groundbreaking and lifesaving discovery. But still the thing is tumors can grow teeth. I told you it wasn't pretty it's horrifying. It. Really? Is. I are poor designer are poor designer messaged me. And was like, oh, gosh, I googled this to see if maybe I should include an image and a horrified myself, and I feel very bad that I didn't warn her. You have a weak stomach, never Google anything medical. No. Yeah. They're pretty bad. These are particularly bad, but we won't get too graphic with this audio story. Right. So I'm talking about tumors called territories which is Greek roughly for monstrous tumors, no kidding territory. Was haven't just been known to sprout teeth? They've been known to contain all kinds of tissue bone, muscle hair and elements of a nervous system, a mature territory can be big and painful and even persistent. But again, they're typically not dangerous. It's immature territory that have the most potential to develop into cancer. That's where the cells haven't yet turned into multiple tissue types. The reason territory can grow teeth is through the normal. Magic of germ cells. That's the type of stem cell that turns into an egg or sperm cell, which can then produce a fetus germ cells are what scientists call pluripotent, which means they can produce all different types of tissue when germ cells go rogue though territory arise. In fact, all it takes is one germ cell going rogue in the nineteen sixties embryologist berry pierced discovered that the root of every territory is a single germ cell which produces a constant stream of new and varied cells that accumulate into a to mess mass. Meanwhile, all the other cells in the tumor lead normal cellular lives and eventually die off. In other words territory are a case of a bad apple ruining the bunch back to the silver lining of this story, though, Pierce's research ended up with implications beyond these tooth tumors. That discovery of pluripotency the discovery that one cell could create many types of cells, eventually led to the discovery of stem cells in the nineteen eighty s that's a breakthrough with massive implications from the key to cloning animals to growing isolated human organs like hearts for people who need transplants. So in the end territory has really aren't as horrifying as they sound. Just like you shouldn't judge a book by its cover. Maybe you shouldn't judge a tumor by its teeth hair. And. Fully developed eyeball disgusting. Read about today's stories and more on curiosity dot com. Join us again tomorrow for the award winning curiosity daily and learn something new in just a few minutes. I'm Ashley Hamer. I'm Cody Goff. Stay curious. On the Westwood One podcast network.

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