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Mavericks & Legends: Lucy Hicks Anderson

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Before we get started with today's episode I have a really exciting announcement wonder. Media Networks Encyclopedia will. Monica has been nominated for a Webby Award. We need your help to win. It's so appreciate if you could vote for encyclopedia. Britannica as the best science and education. Podcast you can find the link to vote in our episode notes. Now let's get to it. Hello from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia. Were Manica welcome to a brand new month and therefore a brand new theme all may or talking about Mavericks and Legends Women. Who are known or should be known for seriously challenging gender norms and turning societal or class expectations on their heads. The women in this group often overcame major disadvantages. Some of these women wielded great power for better or for worse others accomplished incredible feats despite limits on their agency or ability. This theme is a bit more complex than some of our previous months. But hopefully it'll prove very much worth the journey. Today's legend was an American socialite. Chef and Thriving Prohibition Era Madam and Entrepreneur. She was one of the earliest documented African American transgender people in the United States. Please welcome Lucy Hicks Anderson Tobias Lawson was born in Wadi Kentucky in eighteen eighty six though assigned male at birth from her earliest years. She adamantly self identify as female by the time she started school. She insisted on wearing dresses and going by the name. Lucy concerned with what was going on with her child. In an era before the term transgender was in our lexicon. Lucy's mother took her to see if physicians interestingly in light of the Times. The doctor told Lucy's parents that the best course of action was simply to let her live as a woman so they did from that point forward to fully embraced raising lucy as a girl and they were highly supportive of her. When was fifteen? She left school to join the workforce as a domestic five years later. Lucy moved from Kentucky down to Pecos Texas where she worked at a local hotel for ten years. Then in nineteen twenty. She moved to Silver City New Mexico where she met and married. A man named Clarence Hicks. Lucy was thirty four at the time after their wedding. Lucian Clarence left New Mexico to move to Oxnard California where Lucy once again found work as a domestic there. Lucy began making a name for herself by winning a number of baking competitions. She was also celebrated around town as talented chef in nineteen twenty nine. Lucienne Clarence divorced now on her own. Lucy used her life savings to purchase property close to the center of town. It wasn't just any property. It was a boarding house front for a brothel that also sold liquor then illegal. Under Prohibition Lucy was very successful. Mata- her brothel and drinking establishment was a well known and well used community establishment during her free time. Lucy was a celebrated hostess and socialite in town well known for throwing lavish dinner parties and being heavily involved and many of the town's charitable and civic organizations she used these friendships and connections with important members of Oxford Society to get her out of trouble with the law scholar. C Riley Snowden wrote when the sheriff arrested her one night. Her double-barreled reputation. Paid off. Charles Donlan. The town's leading banker promptly bailed her out. He hit scheduled large dinner party. Which would have collapsed dismally with Lucy in jail in nineteen forty four? Lucy married a man named Reuben Anderson. An American soldier who was stationed at Mitchel field in Long Island New York a year later in nineteen forty five. A sailor visiting ochsner claimed that he had caught a venereal disease from one of the women. Working in Lucy's brothel as a result. All of the women working at the brothel were required to undergo medical examinations by the local doctor. This order included Lucy herself when the local district attorney learned from the examination that Lucy was assigned male at birth. He decided to charge her with perjury. For lying about her sex on her recent marriage certificate and for impersonating a woman during her trial. Lucy stated I defy any doctor in the world to prove that I am not a woman I have lived dressed acted just what I am. A woman still. She was convicted of perjury relating to her marriage license and received a sentence of ten years' probation because only marriages between men and women were legally recognized. At the time. Lucy's marriage was also deemed invalid as a result of the conviction as she was now legally considered a man in a final Gut Punch in one thousand nine hundred forty six. The Federal Government decided to charge both Lucy and Reuben with fraud for receiving money. A lot of two wives of soldiers under the G. I. Bill Lucy was also initially charged with failing to register for the military draft. But that was eventually dropped. Both Lucy and Reuben found guilty of the fraud charge and were sentenced to prison by order of the court who she was also forbidden from wearing women's clothing while incarcerated after serving their time. Lucienne Ruben tried to move back to Oxnard but regard by order of the police. Chief who threatened further prosecution if Lucy returned instead. The couple moved to Los Angeles where they resided together. Until Lucy's death in nineteen fifty four. She was sixty eight years old. We're talking about Mavericks and LEGENDS FOR MORE ON. Why we're doing what we're doing check out our newsletter manteca weekly. You can also follow us on facebook and Instagram. At Encyclopedia Will Manica. And you can follow me. 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