Feminists: Lucy Stone
Hello from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia will Manteca. If you're just tuning in. Here's the deal. Every day we're telling the stories of women from around the world and throughout history who you may not know about but definitely shed. Each month is themed and this month. We're talking about feminists women who fought for Gender Equity Feminist of the day might be my favorite suffrage Est. She was an abolitionist and suffragette who fought against inequality at home and across the country from childhood onward. She abhorred the restrictions. Put on her sex act to change them. She used her oratory prowess to bring others to the cause. As one of the leaders of the suffrage movement she played a central role in. Its most decisive moment. Let's talk about Lucy Stone Lucy Stone was born on August thirteenth eighteen eighteen in rural Massachusetts to Francis and Hannah Matthew Stone. She was one of nine children. From a young age. Lucy found sexist norms of society unacceptable. She was intellectually gifted smarter than her brother's yet. They were pushed to go to college while she was encouraged. Not to do so. Lucy became a teacher at the age of sixteen in order to save money for her higher education. Her work paid off and in eighteen thirty nine. Lucy went to mount holyoke college but after Justice Semester. Lucy was forced to go back home to care for an ill sister. Lucy was determined that her education was not finished and in eighteen forty three. She enrolled at Oberlin College. Oberlin has gotten multiple shoutouts this month. It was the first college to open stores to women and to African Americans so it was home to many leaders. We've highlighted. Even at Oberlin. Lucy wasn't able to do as she pleased. She wanted to study public speaking but it was forbidden. She was even nominated to write a commencement speech for her classes. Graduation but was told that a man would have to actually speak her words. She refused still. Her graduation was historic in eighteen. Forty seven Lucy was the first Massachusetts woman to earn a college degree. The sexist Cage Lucy had been stuck in throughout her life threatened to restrict her even after college. She was nearly thirty years old at her graduation. Single and without many job prospects most careers. Were close to women still her drive to create a more equitable. Society clearly caught the right person's attention. Lucy was hired by famous abolitionist. William Lloyd Garrison to work at the American Anti Slavery Society where Lucy put her remarkable speaking and writing skills to good use. Lucy wrote and talked about abolition and also became active in the women's suffrage movement. Her oratory prowess was so impressive that she became remarkably popular. She was soon so in demand as a speaker that she made more money than many of her male competitors. That was a remarkable feat roles for women at that time were typically confined to the private spear so Lucy and other women speakers were often heckled and even physically harmed on the public speaking circuit. Lucy brought many people to her causes through her speeches. Over the course of five years she spoke across the US and Canada. Lucy kept people involved using her expert organizing skills she put together the National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester Massachusetts Eighteen fifty and was a stalwart participant in many subsequent suffrage conventions Lucy's dedication to the movement extended into her personal life. She had long refused to marry that changed when Henry. Blackwell offered her a more progressive deal. Henry knew something about women. The norm his sisters were doctors. Elizabeth and Emily Blackwell who covered in September during stems month. Henry Promised Lucy more marriage the couple publish their wedding vows in eighteen fifty five. They're removed references of the wife obeying the husband and added language protesting the State of marital law. Lucy also bucked the norm by not changing her last name. Lucy and Henry had two children though. Just one survived their daughter. Alice Stone. Blackwell would become an abolitionist and women's rights activist in her own right. Marriage didn't change Lucy's dedication to fighting for equality in eighteen fifty-eight she refused to pay property. Taxes citing the no taxation without representation argument previously used to spark the Revolutionary War. Lucy was actively involved in a variety of different groups including the New Jersey woman suffrage association the New England Woman Suffrage Association and the American Equal Rights Association. She was a core part of the movement in eighteen sixty nine. The movement was dramatically divided as we talked about earlier this month. Many suffragettes led by Susan. B Anthony and Elizabeth Katie. Stanton were infuriated and saddened by the fact that the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments did not include women. They meet that anger clear and turned to racist tactics to achieve the vote for women. Lucy had a different perspective. She had fought hard as an abolitionist accepted. That the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments signified much-needed Progress. The divide came to a head and an eighteen. Sixty-nine Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton formed the National Woman Suffrage Association. Lucy and Julia Ward Howe. Among others formed the American Woman Suffrage Association Lucy Edited Her Organizations Weekly Publication. The woman's journal it was deemed. The Voice of the movement even divided the groups made progress. Massachusetts began allowing women to vote in some elections an eighteen seventy nine lucy registered to do so. Her registration was denied however because she continued to use her maiden name. Lucy didn't live to see women's suffrage but she did live to see the reunification of the movement in Eighteen. Ninety the American woman suffrage association and the National Woman Suffrage Association combined to form the National American woman suffrage association. The reconciliation was shepherded by Lucy's daughter Alice and Elizabeth Katie Stanton's daughter. Harriet Stanton blatch 1893. Lucy spoke at the world's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. She died later that year. She was seventy five years old all month. Were talking about feminists. We've covered feminists in everything so far. What differentiates this month is that we'll be looking at women who were particularly important to the women's rights movement the suffrage movement and or a modern feminism and feminist theory on Saturdays. We're talking about modern feminists brought to you by this month sponsor fiber on Sundays for highlighting favourite feminists from past months chosen by other podcast hosts. 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