Elf School In Iceland; Poverty Rate Increase In U.S. Counties
From NPR and WBZ. You are on Moseley. I'm Robin Young. It's here now. In Syria. The year is ending the same way every year has since two thousand eleven with a civil war we're still raging. Government forces are on the offensive in Italy province in the northwest fighting to overrun. What's described as the last rebel stronghold in Syria? In this case Al Qaeda fighters lighters hundreds of thousands of died in this conflict that started as a peaceful protest but since turned into a complicated proxy war it's also triggered a refugee crisis this with millions of civilians. Fleeing people are trying to get away from this latest fighting the BBC's Middle East analysts Abeche. Usher is in London and Sebastian. Many Americans kinds might be forgiven if the last they heard was that president trump pulled US troops out of parts of northeast Syria back in the fall which cleared the way for Turkey to attack the US. Allies allies the Kurdish fighters Turkey sees them as terrorists but fill in the gaps. Where are we today in Syria? Well I guess we're in a stage. Were President Assad is master of much of a country in a way to three years ago would have seemed unlikely. Thanks to the Russians in particular the Iranians to their backing the Russians in particular backing Syria with air power. They are I mean without that APP. Power President Assad. God I mean before the Russians came in back in late twenty fifteen. He was very much on the back foot and it Lib had been taken at that point By the rebels when you could really call them rebels when it looked like you know they had a chance of actually overthrowing prisoner side and his regime. Since then each month month each year has seen President Assad with Russian help with the help of Iran as well very much and militias but they have sent that they've backed he's been able to push back the rebel so there was a deal done a few months ago The fighting had had had really reached a level where there was is a great concern that a new humanitarian disaster was about to erupt Russia brokered at but since then that was back in August. It's been broken time meantime again. This ceasefire. What we've seen in the past week has been a serious new offensive? Launch by Syrian government again backed by Russian airpower airpower moving further up from the salvage lip and the goal. I mean one is of course to try and take it La- back but more so to take full full control of the commercial artery that runs through Syria. which is the m five highway which runs from the Jordanian border up up into Turkey? It runs through Damascus. It runs through hammer runs homes and it runs up to Aleppo now where the fighting is taking place at the moment is again just bordering that motorway so there is a strategic interest for the Syrian government in this latest upsurge. -able what happens now because we also know no Turkey as we said crossed the border and was attacking the Kurds who they see as terrorists but Turkey also backs Syrian rebels. And you. You know what happens now. It does but in a sense it bucks slightly different rebels from these rebels. I mean it is. It is a complicated situation. And that isn't the kind of dismiss it and to say that we shouldn't think about it but it has reached the stage as I say what you want to talk about rebels in. Some ways doesn't really make sense anymore. More music militias forces which are fighting for various reasons. The main militia was once al-Qaeda's franchise In Syria they sort of broke apart from al Qaeda some time ago but they've kept the jihadist ideology now. The rebels that were fighting Turkish side over to the northeast actually really different group of rebels. Maybe the ones that once backed by the Americans by the West The Free Syrian army they have essentially lost their causa longtime ago. Yeah and a fractured are now. You know basically fight again for their own local reasons but also forever is paying. So that's where the difficulty understanding. What's tapping their comes from? But I mean I think each winter really seems that we're talking again about a possible humanitarian catastrophe in Syria time and again there's been one on city or one region which has come under attack. Winter is very harsh there and we're seeing tens of thousands of people many of them children again who are having to flee. Many of them are fleeing the second or third time during the conflict. There as I said many have come from other parts of Syria. They may be moved to another part before reaching Ed lib-liberals essentially the last Stop Matt Trail. The next stop is Turkey. Many of them are going towards the border but Turkey is not allowing them in now. Turkey has around three point seven million Syrian refugees and part of that incursion. You were talking about over to the northeast from a Turkish perspective was to repatriate was to send back at least in the first instance million refugees there so the Turks have been saying. We're not going to allow these refugees in this is a problem. The whole world needs to face stopped and do something with. We can't just be again. The country that has to deal with this overflow so huge complications again. But I mean I think from from the public perception what will grab attention again will be this idea of children out in fields Away from their homes having to fend for themselves without able to get through even if they've escaped the bombardment and and you know none of them have been just today We heard at least five. Children were killed when a school was bombed BBC Middle East analyst. Sebastian usher in London speaking of the terrible conflict in Syria Sebastian. Thanks so much. Thank you the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report then twenty seventeen gun related deaths in the US US reached the highest levels in decades. That was true in the city of Columbus Ohio where one hundred and nineteen people were killed by guns that year. Since then the city city has tried to lower the homicide rate it formed a task force that takes a public health approach to every gun-related death and hard hit neighborhoods as page Pfleger earlier reports from member station W. S. U. Officials. Believe it's helping. It was April first at exactly noon when Crystal Logan got the a phone call her daughter. GENIA enter son. DONAL had been shot as often as we see on the news. You really never think think that it would happen to you. Just I mean literally Twenty minutes I don't even go on twenty minutes. It and in twenty minutes my whole life change the south side neighborhood where her children were. Shot is among the three neighborhoods identified by Columbus officials being hit hardest by gun violence and shooting deaths at a two thousand seventeen press conference mayor. Andrew Ginther decried the upswing in violence we know that our minority communities are disproportionately affected by this spike in homicides more than seventy percent of the Homicide Messiah Victims Have Been African American men between the ages of eighteen and forty ginther announced. He was forming. A new. Citywide taskforce made up of several agencies. It's called the Violent Crime Review Group and its goal is to lower homicide rates by tackling the underlying factors contributing to violence this comprehensive comprehensive neighborhood safety strategy reflects our shared belief that every resident in every family deserves to be safe in every free neighborhood. And if we are to achieve this goal we must begin new initiatives to address crime differently. Doctor Sheikha Roberts is the director of the city's Public Health Department and she runs the Review Group. Robert says their approach is to treat gun violence like an infectious infectious disease. We try to figure out what the culprit is what. The trend is and where an intervention can be immediately after a shooting members spring into action recreation and parks finds out if the crime was gang related and tries to prevent retaliation to deter crime the department of neighborhoods assess. If streetlights lights need repair. We went all the way down and canvas on both sides of the street just to make sure that the residents knew that we were here for them. Marianne stuck shows me around a west side ride neighborhood which has high rates of gun violence. She's a member of the care. Coalition an offshoot of the Public Health Department that works specifically on outreach after shooting her group knocks on doors to see residents. Need to be connected to therapy or other resources. She remembers knocking on the door of a mother who said she dove on on top of her children to protect them from stray bullets and so she was telling us that she was scared to even answer the door so for us to come in to check on her. She felt really grateful for that and she was ready to see what she can do to try to work through some of those trauma symptoms because she was scared. Have just being in our own. Our own apartment. This year care has knocked on more than eight hundred doors. They've identified more than forty vacant homes to be boarded up after the deaths of her two children crystal Logan getting joined the care team and now helps with community outreach after shootings when everything first happened I remember asking God. Why why me? Why Hi my family? And he gave me back in a very quick answer and said their deaths were necessary in order to bring about change as we speak a man walks up to her. They talk for a moment then. He hugs her He recognized me from the office in just wanted to give me a hug in encourage me And to say that are motivating him being strong after the loss of my circle despite all the violence. She says there's still a lot of love left in these neighborhoods. Since the city's efforts launched in two thousand seventeen seventeen homicides in Columbus are down about thirty percent for here. Now I'm page Pfleger. Ooh I robin young thanking you for listening to the here now podcast and inviting you to contribute Chevy to support it at donate dot. MPR Dot org slash now for all the reasons that you listen here now helps you make sense of the world and when you donate to your NPR station. You're supporting the journalism that brings context and perspective to the news and conversations with people making a difference in the arts music and culture culture so please make a donation to your NPR station today and that investment will come right back to your ears. Just go to donate dot. MPR DOT ORG slash flash now we'RE BUILDING NPR and its member stations. Thanks to you now. Let's get back to the news. In Iceland. We have our own Santa clauses there are thirteen brothers. They live in the mountains with their parents on our reason trip to Iceland. We heard a story. We thought appropriate for Christmas Eve. It's not though about Iceland's sibling. Santa clauses who have names like Door Slam and candle steeler and who children try to placate eight by being good so when they put their little shoes on the window sill at night they will get a gift and not a rotten potato or worse of visit from the Santa's mom SUV would come to town and and catch the naughty children and when I was a kid I knew that she would cook the kits for dinner. Yes that's terrible. Yeah well I was afraid of her. She died of starvation. There you get a sense of icelanders dry humor and storytelling skills may be borne born of long dark winter days with only a few hours of light and there are other worldly landscape that inspired tolkien. Jules Verne it's easy to believe. Volcanic Mountains Mountains might be home to ogre Santa's or else. My name is sue burkle started but everybody Cosby Sipa and we are now so in the cafeteria of the elves in not fear that yes els and SYMPA is about to give us an Elf. Both tour fifty four percent of Icelanders. Believe in the so called hidden people rest. They don't disbelieve them. Yeah Yeah See. The thing is they don't want to rule it out. I don't see the myself as because ask you. Have you seen one now. Well I've only seen one in my dream and it's not important and whether you believe the Elsa here or not. This is part of the culture. It's just part of life. Well we have a map that we are given on the tour beautiful. Little drawings will have pictures. Yes at here now or things like els like to live near the swimming pools beautiful homes while the this is a Map made by the Year Atlas Stefan Stop there sear in that literally. She could see the could see those scriptures and people i. I don't mean to be disrespectful but people didn't make fun of her. They didn't. I'm sure some people did but also see respected so we begin our walk. They just have to cross the street. Shares hearing how when God paid a visit to Adam and Eve eve was so ashamed. Her children were dirty. She hid them in the mountains. God declared that what what was hidden from him would remain hidden forever. The Hidden People Super Zone uncle claimed an Elf helped him ten sheep at night when he was a child. gave him a rock as a gift. Then when the uncle grew old he can no longer see the Elf as an old man he was looking for the rocket given him and he founded destroy he held it in his hand and the rock vanished and he told us he was sure his friend was still round and had taken it. Okay here we need to watch our step up. Become this way SIS. This is enchanted. We are in a beautiful park of our field of black rock and Dark Green Moss Birch trees as and red winter berries display supposedly silly with ills we scramble up on a huge boulder called L.. Frock you can come up here and see his home. uh-huh people come here to meditate and feel the hidden people energy. Maybe ask their forgiveness if recross them if we try to break down their house or do something they don't like they will put a spell on us. We see you know people trying to build roads and people protested the building the roads because it might go through a boulder. A man that studied at the university he collected stories from older Dr Roach Workers of sitting. What saying when the guys were making a new road would come to a rock or a hill? Everything would go wrong and in the end they will go around the room and then everything was. Okay around nineteen seventy. They were making a big wrote out of Reykjavik and in the middle of the road there was a big rock and things started to happen. Guys are falling down hurting themselves and people were saying this is L. Frock and this. This is why everything is going wrong here. In the end it was decided to have somebody come in who negotiated with the elves. They moved out and the Rock was moved to the side of the road. And it's still there do seem to be almost a conscience of the country when it comes to caring for the countryside. Well when I was growing up my father had many stories from his family about the elves and he taught us his children respect for nature. I think in many ways it is. It's a it's a great great word to use conscious of the country. I like that all right here. We go looking Elf living spaces I think most I Iceland Izumi if he would ask them if they believe in elves trolls you know hidden people they would say well. I can't out rule birthday exist and that is my answer that's Iceland's young. Progressive Minister of the environment. Good under good Brinson the son of farmers who went to school in the the US. I was telling my classmates especially from the US. The elves Charleston Iceland and the hidden people could read from there is center ex-presidents since he's crazy. He's so crazy until I met a student from Hawaii and she was like yeah. Of course. Yeah yeah no I understand. We have those two to Canada islands. Is there a connection there. I ask myself. Is it in our environment. That makes us the more likely to believe in hitting people to him. It's The rock formations as a child. He was told they were trolls. Frozen into contorted positions and when the sun hit them and you know we can point at something in the landscape that is sort of a proof. Personally don't think that has nothing to do with it only has to do with with Wendy six accepted which is still in Iceland. Then everybody dare to talk about their experiences. That's why so many believe else that's professor Magnus Carpathians at the L. Stool in Reykjavik. Actually Magnus is delightfully cluttered apartment. Books and L. Figurines piled high. We've I pulled up chairs and a small parlor with five students from around the world as Magnus look some little satellite himself tell stories and takes questions so we have hundreds we have thousands of such stories. We collect them. We store them in special files the climate change and staffs connected at least disappearing of the Arabs. That's right I met more than nine hundred. ICELANDERS and five hundred foreigners from forty countries that he knows sixty five or seventy have met them regularly the hidden people in the always asking them humans. Why do you pollute so much? You have to stop this the global warming and stops pollution. You will kill yourself and he will also kill us. You have to change. When did you start and why do you think here here? There's only one reason why we have the else that is because the enlightenment. It's starting to Europe. In sixteen hundred was very good. Movement very changed the world more than words can express but it has price it killed faith in the World Can Clean Donald All myth mythology and the enlightenment never became to Iceland. That's why we still have the oath thing. You have to ask your first nations about that. That's Tina Bucher from Germany. In the American Indian the indigenous people probably had some of the same beliefs that were wiped out. Think spirits like we're on the world. Can I just ask just everybody in this room. WHO's at the class here now? Are you here now because you also have a belief in else or you wanted to find out more so I believe and I know that the exist. I just wanted to know if I could find them myself one day. You're I think there is a connection with nature. I'm very interested in myths and legends. Harland that's Patricia Mcateer. Before that her husband John from Ireland we also heard from a woman named sunshine. Enshrine from New York but John and Patricia from Ireland actually claimed sightings mine was in Donegal in a very sacred site called on Green and the Elf was halfway up the mountain almost like the age of about a fourteen year old but much older in features did have pointy ears was ause in the expected. Green Brown outfit was very wary and cautious of me. Hugh sure that it was announced absolutely and utterly positive and he just went like that Professor what do you say to people who are going to hear this. And just think you are. You're all out of your mind. Yes but the most recent fifty four percent believe knows is all is no some weaknesses that grandma or Rand Paul Parent when it tells you there as Elva -xperience the very sincere. This happened to me and that's why people talk about an experience. This is accepted. Part of the culture else are a wonderful creatures. The we'd take him seriously. That is Sticky Hill Morrison remember. He showed us how to bake bread and hot springs. WanNa leave you with his thoughts on els. If we come across huge rock we sometimes get A special person that speaks to the elephant get permission Russian serious. Yeah it's a it's a smiling serious thing that is A. That is a song that you should listen to. The the lyrics are else perhaps man Oliver come skiing We smile but would take it seriously in this year marks the first time in. US history that we've started a decade without a recession and and ended it without a recession. And while that's good news not all Americans are feeling that expansion in fact according to a new state line analysis of US Census Census data from two thousand sixteen to twenty eighteen. The poverty rate has actually increased in a third of all US counties for more let's bring an LLC MSNBC ANCHOR in economics correspondent. Hi Allie and by the way happy holiday security you but yes apparently not to everyone. So we've been hearing for so along We know the economy is strong. The bull market unemployment the national poverty rate fell from thirteen percent in two thousand sixteen to twelve percent in two thousand eighteen eighteen. So that's going down. These are household before living on less than twenty six thousand a year but at the county level tells about this variation. Yeah and I would say about ten years ago you could take top line numbers like GDP and unemployment and things like that and have it have some sense that it was reflecting the economy. What we're learning here is that in our current economy that's not the case so we've got good GDP we've got stock market's at great records We've got unemployment below three percent and got half a million people living on the street. We have forty million. Americans who are food insecure the more than the entire population of Canada. And we've got poverty. Increasing in number of counties thirty percent of counties increase their poverty rates between two thousand sixteen in two thousand eighteen so while the national poverty level is coming down certain parts of the country are getting poorer right well Bullock County Alabama one of the biggest increases poverty rate jumped ten percent over. The last is two years too an astonishing forty two point five percent and this is a county with jobs at the airport the poultry plant which is just no one's willing to work those jobs. Well also what you'll find is Places where the poverty rate is increased are places where there's a very low Minimum wage the federal minimum wage remains seven dollars and twenty five cents. There are lots lots of states and municipalities have higher minimum wages including some that fifteen dollars an hour but through the southeast where you've seen most of the increase in poverty. That's where where you're seeing it in places where people are discouraged. They remain in poverty. Even if they're getting a job at doesn't meet their expenses and people are aging Out So it's got to do with the makeup of the population. We still have a shortage of workers for jobs but the jobs aren't in the places where people are and this whole concept of economic mobility ability. which we're really built on as a country isn't working for people because we're not we don't really have methodologies forget peak getting people out of coal mining towns manufacturing towns into high wage in many of these people aren't showing up on the unemployment rates because they're not looking and he's just in the minute we have people might be saying? Oh that's just public radio throwing a bucket of water on President. Trump's economy KONAMI. No the Brookings Institute has written about how a decade ago voters and Republican and Democratic districts. Earn the same amount today. The median in a Democratic district a sixty one thousand in Republican districts is fifty three. Yes so there's automation. There's a working class. Men have really suffered and before morning. Buddy thinks you're throwing hot water on it. The economy strong. This is a Western world developed. World problem it's not a uniquely American problem. It's just a little bit exaggerated in the the United States so we have to say it's in pockets of the country that had been promised that certain jobs would come back L.. Evil she MSNBC ANCHOR. Economics correspondent always a pleasure. Thank you federal a little while ago we covered fast fashion and its impact on the environment and that got us thinking. Have you ever considered where your clothes come from our producer. Marcel Hutchins took to the streets of Boston to ask folks this very question. What about you? I mean I would like to know what you're wearing wearing a nice warm vested. I got as a gift from my mother in law. This is a sweatshirt from when I used is to work on movies. I've had this for over. Twenty years I've got some running shoes on that I bought from my town and Belair. That's run it's locally Leone and then if I have anything on this probably somewhat irresponsible as a fairly new pair of leave is can you explain what you have on right now. I have on a graph sleman code A sweater was to be by someone in the pants from goodwill. And when you think about the clothes that you buy do you think about who made them where it came from or you just looking for the style in like what's trendy no. I'm on a budget. I have college credits I. I've shopped to supply up my pockets. Can you you told me where you bought your clothes. So my shirt and pants are from Rodney Melville. I'm wearing a doc martens and a Columbia jacket and do you know which country you're close me. I do not specifically no but what I would think is possibly from South America or somewhere I don't know like I'm not sure that was tally. Duckworth Lorna Boston and Bob Schick for more on where our clothes come from. We have with US maxine a debt. She is the founder and director of the New Standard Institute and online data platform for designers and brands. That want to become more sustainable. maxine joins us from London. Welcome to here now. Thank you so much for having me. MAXINE You know the Global Fashion Industry has surprisingly complicated supply I chain. It's not really easy to say. Okay I'm going to start a clothing company. Hire some folks to make some clothes and sell them at least not on a global scale But a lot of the general public. We don't really know this. Can you explain how you work with designers and brands on how to become more sustainable. Yeah I think for listeners. It kind of seems like magic. We go to a store in clothing as they are. It's online and with the click of a button. It's at our doorstep but what might not be taken into account and it might not be aware of is that that garment might have traveled around the world in its creation. The cotton might have started in India. The material then have been produced in China might have been cut and sewn in Bangladesh and then sold to us in the United States so it's really a a global journey that clothing can take Before it's even in our hands and what has happened in the past two decades or so is that the clothing companies have really lost track themselves of where their their own clothing has been made. So it's really yeah. It's quite astonishing uh-huh and so really. The way that we can work with. Brands is by getting them reconnected. With their supply chain through each of those steps that I mentioned working on on how how to make it more sustainable both from an environmental perspective and also from A Labor side as well. Let's talk a little bit about the Labor side of fashion boutiques boutiques like Fashion Nova. Have recently come under fire for producing clothes made by underpaid workers here in California. It's actually part of the reason why we want it to do this story. How common is this practice? Very common. Unfortunately the the US Department of Labor which does research on in kind of the global hotspots for exploited Labor and Modern Day slavery and child Labour really zero in on the fashion industry. Because it's almost a par for the course in terms of the clothing that were wearing today is a very often from that type of exploited labour. It's a kind of become almost integral to to how're clothing is produced. What are some of the regulatory standards? were making certain that these clothes close especially sold here in the United States are made in factories that are up to code and where people are really treated humanely. Yeah so I think the thing to keep in in mind certainly with fashion over which was found to be made in the United States with exploited Labour The good part of that story was that it was uncovered uncovered by investigators in the Department of Labor. So in that respect it's Showing a system that is functioning that is what makes in the United States and Europe. Different than where a lot of our other clothing is is produced in places like China in Bangladesh in Vietnam Are there pressures from the United States To these other countries to have tougher regulations if these clothes are being sold here not yet and I think bringing bringing to light that this is how our clothing is produced as the first step to get those type of pressures regulations. Because it's not there at the moment you know I remember back in early. The early two thousands There was a big campaign to get folks to look at their labels the made in labels at at the time the push was to get folks to buy made in America clothing but taking this idea step further what does actually made in so and so tell us what. What do we do with this information? If we're looking at are labels and we say okay. This was made in Bangladesh. This was made in India or China. How do we make sure from that? Point that we push these brands to to source responsibly. I think at at where we are at this stage If you look back at the food industry may be twenty years ago is where clothing is today where we are now brought to light that these issues exist and now is the time especially with social show media that we can begin to ask brands seriously. who is making my clothes. How much are they being paid? How workers being treated and it's only by asking asking that question will brand stand up and begin to take responsibility for the conditions in the factories that are producing their clothing? You're actually a CO chair are of the Fashion Revolution Day. Tell us a little bit more about that. Yeah so fashion. Revolution Day is a wonderful campaign that began in honor her of the Over one thousand lives that were lost in a in a building collapse in Bangladesh. What the Fashion Revolution Day is is is Bringing to light these issues Having people take a look at their tags and asking the brands who made my clothes as really the The start of the effort for brands to again take responsibility. I can say you know what is happening. Right now And this was the case with fashion Nova as well Is that brands are kind of hiding behind. What is called these industry agreements agreements It's a it's a vendor code of conduct and what they are saying to the to the factories the fashion Nova factories. If we work with you we expect that your workers hers are being paid fairly and that your factory is safe but on the other hand they're only paying the factories very little and so the factories agrees are really stuck between a rock and hard place where they get the deal and not pay their workers or have to say no to the deal and so what we really. A New Standard Institute are relief. Zeroing in and focusing on is not just as vendor code of conduct. But we want to know. How much are the workers who are producing the clothing that the brands are selling? How much are they making? And what are those conditions in the factory. Because only with that information do we really get transparency An understanding standing of of what the conditions are that we can feel good as consumers about what we're buying. Wow so this is now an issue in the public consciousness You know my a daughter showed me a website. The other night where their clothing companies are given scores based on how sustainable they are how they treat their employees And the reforms that you're talking about as we enter twenty twenty. What are some things that you really want to see as the next step? What you're saying is the beginning of US really paying paying attention to this and pushing these companies to take action? Yeah I think on two things on the Labor side of things. There are two critical issues. One one is. How much are the workers that are producing the clothing being made and what are the auditors that are going into those factories? What grades are they giving those those factories because that is also information that they are collecting? The brands are collecting so on the Labor side of things. That's what we're calling for. And then on the the environmental side of things it's understanding what is the carbon footprint the chemical footprint inside the factories that are producing for the brands. And what are the brands targets. For reducing the maxine Dat is founder and director of the New Standard Institute and online data platform for designers seiners and brands looking to become more sustainable. Thank you so much maxine. Thank you so much for having and by the way in a story about Fashion Nova and the New York Times. The firm's general counsel is quoted as saying any suggestion that fashion Nova is responsible for underpaying. Anyone working on our brand is categorically false. I'm working on a novel. It is a story of and my sisters shortens little women. The movie based on Louisa May alcott's beloved novel opens in Theaters Tomorrow and it set when and where or she wrote it in mid eighteen hundreds Massachusetts has WBRC Andrea Sherr reports. The filmmakers went to great lengths to ensure the film would look period. Perfect down under the food. There is a pivotal scene. Little women where MEG. Amy Beth and Joe March come downstairs on Christmas morning to a homey breakfast of eggs. bangers there's and poached pears instead of eating it they pack it up for a poor woman in her hungry children when a wealthy neighbor learns of the Girls Charitable Act. He surprises them with a colorful. Spread of decadent treats presented beautifully unsealed over platters stirring center transplant grandfather. Giving your Christmas breakfast away. Anyone do enjoy the Gecko the number one priority for this. This Christmas feast from the Lawrence House. was there had to be ice cream and it had to be pink like it is Alcott's book as the film's Food stylist Christine Tobin managed a mountain of pink peppermint onset replacing scoops as they melted in a punchbowl. She researched designed sourced and prepared all of the Food and little women to be period appropriate. Much of it here in her Boston. Kitchen Tobin shows me how she made molasses cookies. As for the movie the way nineteenth century families like the marches did with ginger cloves and cinnamon everything that they would have had in their kitchen tobin in perfected pop overs hand pie shortcake's biscuits and found scones and brambles at local bakeries. She says the marches who are based on alcott's Real L.. Family had fruit trees and garden so she pickled plums veggies and limes months before filming began. You had a really then research and make sure those foods that are on the table would have been brought in or taken out of jars because they preserved. We all wanted the movie. You feel very real. That's little women film producer Amy Pascal. She also held the Nineteen Ninety four adaptation for her laboring during over historically accurate. Touches makes the world we see on screen believable movies work on such an emotional level when they work and and all of these things are things that you experienced cognitively while you're watching film so when someone doesn't think about all of these details movies just don't feel as rich. Pascal says the movie also needed to be geographically correct it was critical that it'd be filmed in Massachusetts that a gigantic part of what the movie is about and we needed to capture it. Because the movie is also about Louisa May Alcott and Louisa May alcott life. Life is here. Film crews transformed more than a dozen historic properties and places like Ipswich Boston and most importantly concord where alcott lived. She wrote little women in Eighteen. Sixty eight at her home known as Orchard House today it survives as a museum. The filmmakers couldn't shoot there so they painstakingly constructed a replica of the exterior a few miles away to stand in as the March family's Home Adam Rothman crunches through a snowy field where the temporary exterior used to be their houses right over. Here just passed this tree here. So they had a view you of the Lawrence House. He oversaw continuity with the films art department as Onset Dresser and says the interiors were reproduced in Franklin warehouse. House about an hour away Rothman recalls. How director Greta Gerwig wanted every set and prop to lived in and of it's time delays curtains the batting the furniture? The team even used real candles and vintage oil lamps for their natural glow and the Sudi smudges. They left on wallpaper. Claire are decorator in our art directors. And just the designer all spend a lot of time at the actual Orchard House speaking with all of the experts experts on Louise May Alcott and her family getting as much information doing as much research as possible to get the house right. This house host hold such a motion for people. The book hold such emotion for people. Now this movie will hold so much emotion for people it connects with their daily really lives. Jan Turnquest Orchard House Director of Twenty Years says this in a room filled with alcott's actual furniture artwork and piano she fielded ended a slew of questions from the people who made little women and thinks they're hard work will pay off turn. Quiz talks to a lot of discerning alcott fans and says one person mused that visiting Orchard House could almost be like going to hogwarts after seeing Harry Potter but hogwarts is imaginary. You can create it but there is no real hogwarts. This is the real thing so to have that authentically recreated means everything to many many people turnquest included. She's already seen the movie a few times and is preparing her staff for a flood of little women tourists after the film opens tomorrow. Tsk for here. And now I'm Andrea. tice can't wait to see you here. Analysis production of NPR WR in association with the BBC World. Service from the gang here kwanzaa starts this week Christmas tomorrow. Hannukah ongoing happy holidays to everyone. I'm Tanya Moseley. I'm Robin Young. This is here now.