U.S. Holds Line On North Korea Sanctions, As U.N. Details How The Country Evades Them

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The trump administration says it is making it easier for humanitarian aid to get to North Korea up during this global pandemic but US officials are in no mood to ease sanctions a UN. Report is due out soon. That will detail the gaps in enforcement of sanctions as NPR's Michele Keleman reports the UN panel of experts has studied the ways. North Korea gets around sanctions and continues to build up. Its ballistic missile and nuclear programs. The latest report describes how North Korea has been exporting coal and sand mostly to China a UN Security Council diplomat raises particular concern that according to the report. North Korea has some personnel in Iran with weapons expertise China. The same diplomat argues is turning a blind eye. Frank I'm of the. Us Institute of Peace says North Korea has become good at this but reports from the panel of experts have concluded consistently the sanctions haven't been effective against North Korea. And this is because North Korea has developed very sophisticated evasion techniques. I'm hosted a conference call this week. Where experts debated whether it's time to ease sanctions on North Korea. Some say this is a moral issue while others point out that. Pyongyang hasn't even responded to trump's offer of aid David Maxwell of the foundation for the Defense of Democracy says the onus is on Kim jong-un decreased changes behavior he could accept humanitarian assistance. You could stop nuclear program. As missile program is elicit activities around the world. The sanctions are meant to pressure. North Korea. Back to the negotiating table. Frank isn't holding his breath. My sense is that North Korea doesn't feel like Washington won't become anymore more flexible over the next several months so likely. North Korea will wait until after the US presidential elections November before reassessing the situation. The Corona virus pandemic has given North Korea an excuse to further isolate itself and by Time Says Jeanne Lee of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. She Says Kim. Jong own is using that time to build up for future talks his looking to expand his arsenal with without directly confronting trump's so we can expect continued testing refine and improve technical aspects of North Korea's nuclear program. In the meantime the trump administration continues to try to build up pressure this week. It offered countries help to counter ongoing cyber threats from North Korea. Michelle Kellerman. Npr News Washington.

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