St. Scholastica Day Riots began - Feb. 10, 1355
You know, people say necessity is the mother of invention. But that's not always true. Sometimes the mother of invention is advertising. Yeah. Or pure accident. How about ego maniacal delusion? Absolutely. Or just a desperate longing. To be cool. I'm Robert lamb, and I'm Joe McCormick. You're the host of the science podcasts stuff to blow your mind. And now we're branching off into the exploration of invention. Invention is the story of human history told one piece of technology at a time the things we made and how they made us invention publishes every Monday, listen and subscribe to invention on apple podcasts the iheartradio app or wherever you find your podcasts. Hi, I'm eve and welcome to this day in history class I show that uncovers a little bit more about history every day today is February temp twenty nineteen. The day was February tenth thirteen fifty five. It was thanks galactic day commemorative day of feasting that honors the Catholic saints galactica. On this day in Oxford England, a couple of students from the university of Oxford were drinking at the Swindells docked tavern. And just did not like the wine. They were guzzling. The students who were claimed to be one Walter spring house and a Roger detest or filled express their distaste by complaining to the Tavender and the Tavender named John Croydon responded in kind exchanging. Some snappy words with the students in the end the students through the wine at the tavern keepers. Head and beat him up. This bar fight sparked three days of riots, which resulted in the death of sixty three students in thirty locals on the surface. It seems like the riots were incited by group of people who made a mountain out of a mole hill but tensions between the townspeople. And the university folk are still called town and gown had been brewing for a while. The university had a lot of power in the town. And the towns people weren't all happy with the university's growing control and Oxford's worsening economic conditions. There were conflicts between the town and the university over the control of prices and plenty of town versus gown riot had broken out in the thirteenth century. There was even violence between scholars within the university. So after the student through the wine at the tavern keeper a brawl broke out in the bar, mayor of Oxford John Beresford acts the chancellor of the university to arrest the two offending wine-growers. But that did not happen. A local rang the Bill at Saint Martin's church to call out the townsfolk and students rang the Bill at the university church at Saint Mary's to alert the academic, folks. And from there, the pub brawl turned into an all outright armed with bows. Arrows and other weapons the two sides fought all day and by the internet day, nobody had been killed or fatally wounded, but the next day the locals put armed men at Saint John's church who attacked passing people from the university. People. Join the riots from the surrounding countryside, and they looted and set fire to some of the academic halls in the day after that the townspeople apparently wreaked havoc on the university folk students houses were looted one of the town's gates have been destroyed. They scout some scholars the local seem to have emerged victorious. But in the end, the university had the upper hand. King at the third was staying at Woodstock which is near Oxford, and he sent judges to Oxford to investigate the riots in find out who led them. A bunch of people were imprisoned, including the mayor. The king told the townsfolk to give everything they had looted back to the university and to pay hefty some he said that there would also be charter for the university that set the chancellor would have jurisdiction over the selling of food in Oxford, and he would get the profits of the towns judicial process. The charter also said that every future sheriff of Oxford would take an oath to defend the privileges of the university and protect the students from violence. The king also gave the university members immunity from prosecution for robbery trespassing arson and other crimes they had committed. On top of all this the Bishop of Lincoln put Oxford under an interdict that lasted for about a year. The interdict was lifted on the condition that the mayor bailiffs in sixty other leading towns people attend and pay for a mass every year on the anniversary of the riots. During the mass. They were required to pray for the souls of those who have been killed and each person was supposed to offer a penny at the altar during the mass. They were required to pray for the souls of those who had been killed and each person was supposed to offer a penny at the alter this practice continued all the way up until the eighteen hundreds. Although some mayors over the years did refuse to participate in the penance. But even though the town no longer had to continue this tradition after eighteen twenty five parliament didn't officially rescind the decree until nineteen fifty five. A lot of the details of the riots are shaky in likely biased or exaggerated considering accounts of events were largely written by scholars from the university and details differed from one account to the next, but the already small town was devastated by all the deaths and destruction in the Saint Scholastica day. Riots remain an infamous event in the history of Oxford England. I'm Jeff coat in. Hopefully, you know, a little bit more about history today than you did yesterday. You can subscribe to this day in history class on apple podcasts the iheartradio app or wherever you get your podcast. Tune into Morrow for another day in history. Hey, Mario Lopez here. And I really hope you can check out my new podcast. Listen tomorrow. Lt definitely side of me that you've never seen before. So please, listen and subscribe at apple podcasts or on the iheartradio app or wherever you listen to podcasts.