Leaders: Indira Gandhi
hello from wonder media network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia. Britannica our leader today has a complicated political school history. She was at times both highly popular and extremely unpopular. She imprisoned others and spent time in jail herself. It took occur years to come to power and her long political rain came to a sudden bloody end. We're talking about the first female. Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi Indira narrow was born on November nineteenth nineteen seventeen in progress India. She was an only child and was steeped in politics from an early age. Her father was a key player in India's fight for independence from Britain and his association with that struggle meant he spent years. There's in jail. During Indira's childhood Indira's mother passed away in the Mid Nineteen Thirties and endure subsequently spent much more time with her father becoming further entrenched in the world of politics she hoped to host events for her father and traveled with him. Indira attended with Peaceful Barati University and at the University of Oxford. She joined the same political party as her father known as the Congress Party in nineteen thirty eight in nineteen forty to endear married for Rose Gandhi another member of the Congress party Indira and Feroze relationship caused significant controversy. I their marriage wasn't arranged inched. which was unusual at the time on top of that India was Hindu and feroze Percy making them a rare? mixed-religion Marriage Mahatma Gandhi who is of no relation to feroze had to step in and offer a statement of support to quell the public outcry Indira and Feroze had two children named Sunday. Rajiv despite overcoming significant challenges early in their relationship their marriage was not a happy one endure a spent most of it estranged from her husband until well his death in nineteen sixty when India gained its independence from Britain in nineteen forty seven Indira's father became the country's first prime minister with the powerful full Congress. Party ridden the Indira began working for the Party's committee in Nineteen fifty five from there. She continued to climb the political ranks in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine. She was elected party. President and in nineteen sixty four. She became a member of the upper chamber of parliament. The prime minister who succeeded Indira's father appointed her to be Minister of Information and broadcasting when the prime minister passed away suddenly in nineteen sixty. Six enduro was chosen to replace Sam that she became the first female. Prime Minister of independent India voting was already known to be enthusiastic thousands outside the the parliament building. Indira Gandhi has the good wishes of most of the world as he assumes office Indira faced a lot of opposition from the opposing using right-wing party which was under the leadership of Mirage DECI- decide parties soon won enough seats in lower parliament for him to become deputy prime. I Minister the Party then expelled Indira from office but she wasn't finished politics. Indira gathered members from her political party to form the new Congress Congress party which won the nineteen seventy-one elections by a wide margin without victory Indira claim the prime minister seat once again during during this period Indira supported Modern Day. Bangladesh through its nineteen seventy-one secession from Pakistan and became the first leader to publicly recognize the new country. This led to a boom of support in India. That helped her party win. Many more local elections but a few years after her second victory a political opponent clammed claimed Indira had broken the law in order to win the nineteen seventy-one election. The case went all the way to the High Court of La bad which ruled against her though. She tried to appeal the decision. The sentence was upheld and she was barred from participating in Indian politics for six years. Indira believed the ruling was unjust and took drastic measures to fight it. She declared a state of emergency imprisoned. Her opponents and began enacting restrictive laws this even even included large scale sterilization as a way to reduce population. Growth the public strongly opposed India's two years of strict emergency rule government in the nineteen seventy seven elections. The new Congress party was immediately voted out of power. Enduro was arrested and thrown in prison for breach of privilege and contempt of the Indian Indian parliament. Triggering protests across the country. Do you ever feel that you have in any way abused the trust that the Indian people have been you certainly not. She was released after just a week from there. She started gathering more political strength and developed yet. Another new. You political party called the Congress I party. The is standing for Indira in one thousand nine seventy. She won another seat in lower parliament and two years later. Her party won a landslide election. Victory that swept endear into power once again the legal cases against her were dropped. Indira's son Sanjay also WANNA lower parliament seat. She was preparing to position him as her successor before. Sandra died in an airplane crash. In nineteen eighty eighty Indira turn to her second son Rajiv and helped politically positioned him to succeed her instead in the nineteen eighties India face conflict from a violent Sikh separatist movement in nineteen eighty to a large group of the insurgents. Occupied the holiest Sikh shrine at Amritsar a large city in northwest India. Two years later tensions came to a head when Indira ordered the army to attack the complex killing hundreds of Sikhs seeks and damaging. Some of the buildings in the process. Five months later Indira was in her garden in New Delhi with two of her guards when they shot and killed her revenge attack she ordered. Indira was sixty six years old as always will be taking a break for the weekend so tune in on Monday to hear the story of another leader this week of Encyclopedias. MANTECA is brought to you by hellofresh. It's hard to be a good leader if you're not well-fed well-fed whether you're leading a country company household or just your own life that's why my New Year's resolution is to cook more in the past. I probably would have given up on this resolution by the end of the month but with hellofresh. 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