Luis W. Alvarez born - June 13, 1911
This week on ephemeral. As a kid, FRANZ, leads his father would tell him scary stories before bed only these stories are true, my father, or the engineer inventor who never really had much use for fairy tales. He preferred real life grotesquery to fix it still at that time. I would listen raptly to his urban harvest his cows that filled with Jim around boogeyman and goal hoops, the most Macab Cal was the one of the Kyler brothers, the hermit hoarders of Harlem. Here is like that alliterate. Listen to a federal now on podcasts, the iheartradio app or wherever you listen to podcasts. And learn more at a federal dot show. This day in history. Class is a production of heart radio. Hi beer Walken to this day in history class. We fifth through the artifacts of history seven days a week. Today is June thirteenth twenty nineteen. The day was June thirteenth, nineteen eleven Louise, Walter Alvarez was born in San Francisco to Walter inherit. Alvarez Alvarez was a physicist, who worked on radar projects during World War Two and inventor and winner of the Nobel prize in physics Louise's, father, Walter was a physician and later a research, physiologist and early on Lewis would go to the lab with him when the weeks was eleven years old, he and his dad made a radio together later. Lewis attended San Francisco polytechnic high school, but ended up moving to Rochester Minnesota while he was enrolled there. His father worked for the mayo clinic in Rochester and Lewis began printing at the mayo clinic's instrument shop, and being tutored by machinists, while he was still in high school. Alvarez went on to study physics at the university of Chicago where he got his bachelors masters, and doctorate, as he was finishing up his PHD. He married Geraldine Smith the two of them later had two children as well as a daughter who died at birth. They later, divorced Louis, then completed a lot of work in California after getting his PHD. He got a job with Ernest Lawrence at the university of California largely through connections. His father and sister had with Lawrence Alvarez, worked on the cyclotron a type of particle accelerator in the radiation laboratory at the university of California at Berkeley. He also worked in a metallurgical laboratory of the university of Chicago analyst Alamos laboratory of the Manhattan District. Alvarez was a prolific scientists, but we'll touch on just some of his discoveries and achievements. He discovered the east west effect. Cosmic rays, a discovery that gave evidence that cosmic rays include positively charged particles once he joined the radiation lab at the university of California, he focused on nuclear physics in nineteen thirty seven he gave the first experimental demonstration of k electron capture by nuclei, which was a phenomenon that had not yet been proven. He also developed a method for producing beams of very slow neutrons Alvarez also developed a mercury vapor lamp with one of his students named Jacob means that development established a new standard of length that the US bureau of standards adopted. But as World War, Two broke out his career shifted gears in one thousand nine hundred forty Alvarez went to work on radar technology at the Massachusetts Institute of technology, where he worked on a microwave early warning system and the eagle high altitude bombing system. He also invented the vixen radar system, which deceived skippers into thinking an allied plane was firing away from a German submarine and allowed attack planes to destroy the U-boats. Louise also figured out a way to help planes land in bad weather when he invented ground control approach when Lewis left the Massachusetts Institute of technology, he went to work on the Manhattan project. You've worked on nuclear bombs into Kogyo created detonators for plutonium bonds in New Mexico. And it was on the plane that conducted the first ever atomic bomb test. He was also on the plane that dropped the atomic bomb little boy on Harris. Shima. Before Fatman, the second atomic bomb was dropped over Nagasaki of res- wrote a letter to a Japanese physicist. He knew urging him to tell Japanese leaders if they continued in the war, another bomb would be dropped on the country. The authorize recognize the horror and devastation that the bombs caused he believed that the bombs would end the war in brings some sort of peace to the world, he also thought that the US should continue research in develop a hydrogen bomb after the war. He went back to Berkeley, he designed and constructed a forty foot proton linear accelerator. He also did a lot of work with large liquid hydrogen bubble chambers. And he helped identify many new particles in nineteen. Sixty eight Lewis won the Nobel prize for his quotes decisive contributions to elementary particle physics in particular, the discovery of a large number of resonant states made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis after this point he spent a lot of his time. Studying cosmic rays, his later, life, took a nother, surprising yet, not indecipherable, turn people. Put a lot of effort into figuring out the details of the assassination of president, John F Kennedy and he and his geologists done, Walter theorized that an asteroid impact had led to the extinction of dinosaurs. And the end of the Cretaceous, period, the new theory cost and uproar in the scientific community as it was believed that a volcano had killed the dinosaurs. Alvarez died of cancer in nineteen eighty eight by the time of his death. He had received several awards and honorary degrees. I'm eve Jeffcoat in hopefully, you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday. And if you haven't gotten your fill of history after listening to today's episode, you can follow us on Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook at t d I h z podcast and if you'd like to learn more about Louis Alvarez listen to the two part episode of stuff you missed in history class called Luis w Alvarez the link is in the description. If you listen to this show, every day, you probably already know that I have a new show, that's called unpopular about people in history. And if you haven't gotten a chance to check it out, yet, please do. Thanks again for listening and we'll see you tomorrow. For more podcasts from iheartradio vis the iheartradio app, apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows, it was a writing camp at a house in the Hamptons for beyond say, she's walking around with her baby walking from room to room, just listening to what we were working on. I remember forever showed up at the front door. He had like a CD full of beets. Everybody was slinging beats at her. When I remember, I kept getting to the end of the course look a hill goes, here's like because needs another section like the the anthem stadium like everybody screams it. Record it into my phone when I was running like, I'm sitting here panting into the phone. And then that was that was it, then she was like, Kratz you, have you have Beyonce as per single does. Like what? What an interesting day that was. I'm Dave Stewart songwriter producer co founder of Eurythmics and co creator and executive producer of so on the show all about the intimate and mysterious author of sowing. Join us for sung lands podcast on iheartradio app. Alert podcasts.