Warriors: Rosa Parks
They wonder media network. I'm Jenny Kaplan. And this is encyclopedia will MANTECA. Today's warrior was a pioneering civil rights activist who courageous resistance against legalized racism. Segregation and second class. Citizenship helped set in motion one of the largest social movements in American history. Let's talk about Rosa Parks. Rosa Louise Macaulay was born on February fourth. Nineteen Thirteen anti-us Kiki Alabama. James mcauley a carpenter and his wife. Leona who worked as a teacher. When Rosa was just two years old. She her mother and her younger brother moved to Pine Level Alabama to live with her grandparents on their farm though. There were many happy times in her childhood. Rosa grew up in a time and place that was terrifying for a young black girl she would later say about this period. We have any civil rights. It was just a matter of survival of existing from one day to the next. I remember going to sleep is a girl. Hearing the clan ride at night and hearing a lynching and being afraid the house burned down. This fear was not unfounded in Alabama at the time when Rosa was eleven her mother enrolled her in the Montgomery Industrial School. For girls where she thrived. This progressive private school was devoted to providing vocational and academic education to African American girls. After Graduation Rosa chose to attend Alabama State Teachers College. Which is today known as Alabama State University but when her grandmother fell ill? Rosa was forced to drop out when Rosa was nineteen. She met and married local. Barber and civil rights activists. Raymond parks the two settled in Montgomery and joined the local chapter of the N. W. C. P. For years they quietly worked improve life for African Americans in their own community and across the segregated south but progress was slow eventually. Rosa worked her way up through the organization and was elected secretary of the Montgomery Chapter of the N. Double ACP. She was a major organizer and leader in the Civil Rights movement in Alabama on December First Nineteen fifty-five Rosa boarded a Montgomery city bus. Much like she did most days but this time instead of heading to the back of the bus to the segregated seats designated for black passengers. Rosa purposely sat in front. When white passengers started to board filling up the bus? The driver asked her to move. Rosa refused already paid my fan. I'm Su he didn't pay them more than I did. And I didn't think that once we take a seat even in On the segregation Conditions that we should be made to stand the. She was jailed and fined and the Montgomery Bus. Boycott one of the largest. And most IMPACTFUL BOYCOTTS IN AMERICAN. History was born in direct response to what would become known as the bus incident. The young pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery started a group called the Montgomery Improvement Association. His name was Dr Martin Luther King Junior Day that we start to protest which literally electrified the nation. This newly formed association called for boycotting the city buses. The bus boycott lasted for three hundred and eighty one days and brought unprecedented worldwide media coverage and attention to the civil rights movement as well as to Rosa and Dr King. Eventually Supreme Court decision struck down. The Ordinance under which Rosa was jailed and fined and found racial segregation on public transportation to be unconstitutional over the years. Some have tried to diminish roses role in the Montgomery bus boycott and the civil rights movement as a whole by claiming that she was just a seamstress move because she was tired not because she was making a political statement. This version of events. Completely ignores the fact that rose's actions on the bus were planned and that she was already a major figure in the Montgomery Civil Rights movement working to end Segregation Rosa herself. Explained saying people always say that. I didn't give up my seat because I was tired but that isn't true. I was tired physically or no more tired than I usually was at the end of a working day. I was not old. Although some people have an image of me as being old then I was forty two. No THE ONLY TIRED. I was tired of giving in nineteen fifty seven Rosa and her husband. Raymond moved to Detroit Michigan. Where Rosa took a job as a staff member for U S representative John Conyers? Rosa continued her activism and played a significant role in Detroit civil rights movement to honor her for all she'd done. The southern Christian Leadership Council established an annual Rosa Parks Freedom Award in Nineteen ninety-six Rosa was awarded the Presidential Medal of freedom by President Clinton refusing to give up her seat she sparked and gunnery bus boycott and helped launch the civil rights movement in the years since she has remained committed the cause of freedom speaking out against injustice here and abroad in nineteen ninety nine. She received the Congressional Gold Medal. Rosa died of natural causes on her home in Detroit on October. Twenty fourth two thousand five. She was ninety two years old after her death. Roses casket was placed in the Rotunda of the US Capitol building for two days so that people could pay their respects an honor usually only reserved for US presidents. Very nice is the only woman and only the second African American. Us history to be given that honor tune in tomorrow for the story of another warrior. Today's episode is brought to you by Bossy cosmetics. 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