Hostage Bites: Psychological Manipulation
Welcome to podcast crime bites. We wanted to give our listeners. Some additional content to help them dive even deeper into the true crime world every week. In addition to your normal hostage episode were exploring the most fascinating fascinating true crime themes covered across the podcast network. We've collected short clips from some of our most popular podcast originals to help us explore ideas. Here's like motivation method and madness and show how interconnected the true crime world really is. You can find the original episodes of these for for free on spotify or wherever you listen to podcasts. A list of episodes that we used will be posted in the episode description today. We're discussing cussing cases of psychological manipulation. What tactics criminals used to deceive coerce and exert control over their victims? Why does it work? And most importantly what are the dangerous consequences of these types of mental domination psychiatrist. Harvey Saint Saint Clair defined psychological manipulation as a psychosocial maneuver which uses aggressiveness cleverness and deception to influence others so they will give gratification to the aggressor this gratification. Whether that be taking hostage cultivating followers or seducing a murder victim is the driving moving force behind the criminals manipulative actions. They desire to gain absolute control over their prey psychologist. George Simon identified many tactics ticks manipulators use to dominate their victims such as intense flattery. Playing the victim to gain sympathy and undermining victims perception of reality through gasoline. So who do manipulators target. How do they select the right person to fall prey to the scheme Dr? Harriet breaker identified identified. The most common traits victims of manipulation possess among them are an eagerness to please low self reliance I desire to earn acceptance the blurry sense of identity and fear of disapproval in our clips today walk through a variety of crimen leaders and see how they identify these traits rates victims. We'll start with a clip from podcast original crimes of passion covering one of the most well known cases of manipulation in true crime history. The Manson family by manipulating in group and out group dynamics in the late nineteen sixties murderer and cult leader Charles Manson radicalized its followers and cultivated an intense devotion that propelled the family eight to do his bidding. While the most famous killings committed by the Manson family were the tate labianca murders in August of nineteen sixty nine their first first victim was drug dealer Gary Hinman Hindrance murder was the catalyst for a string of brutal killings carried out by the Manson family in the summer up sixty nine in July of nineteen sixty nine. Charles learned that the two men were in the midst of an argument. Bobby Beausoleil Oh Soleil had purchased a thousand tabs of Mescaline from Gary Hinman but he then claimed but the drugs were tainted. Bobby wanted his money back. Charles else figured that as long as bobby was asking for a refund he should demand some extra cash to help fund the families 'cause in exchange Charleston over a few family family members to Henman's house to put pressure on him. Charles knew that Henman was particularly attracted to Manson family. Member Eligible Bailey. So so he suggested she go along to help persuade Henman but ella jo asked to be excused from duty. Perhaps she guests at the visit might become violent and she later said that she witnessed the family members arguing over which guns and weapons they would bring to Henman's apartment instead Charleston. Family members Bruce Bruce Davis Susan Atkins and Mary Brunner to act as enforcers. They held a drug dealer up at gunpoint. While the spurn Bobby Beausoleil beat him senseless senseless eventually Henman agreed to sign over the pink slips to his two vehicles as payment. But when Bobby called Charles to let him know he wasn't satisfied satisfied he was sure Henman must have money stashed away for the next two days. Bobby Mary Brunner and Susan Atkins held Gary Hinman hostage in his home. They continue to make demands for money while bobby relentlessly beat him when Henman and told them he'd go to. The police. Bobby was spooked. He might go to prison for what he done. He called Charles. Who said you know what to we do? Bobby took that as a command to silence Henman by killing him before I continue with Bobby Psychology. Please note that. I am not unlicensed psychiatrists or psychologists but I have done a lot of research for the show. The American Psychological Association has expressed skepticism People can be brainwashed into acting violently but some psychologists point to countless examples of people falling under a violent Colt influence and going on to do the unthinkable. Licensed mental health. Counselor Stephen Hasson use the rise of al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups as modern examples of how people can be indoctrinated into committing murder. These extremist groups have radicalized individuals through isolation limiting access vest to outside information and instilling an US versus them mentality. Charles Manson uses seem tactics family members. I looked at Charles as their only source of wisdom and guidance. Some even thought he was the reincarnation of Jesus Christ Charles exploited their your trust to make them believe they had to take a stand against the rich and powerful pigs of the outside world. The family wasn't just willing to kill for their God Charles. They were proud to do it. So when Charles gave the word bobby readily obeyed he stabbed Henman then dipped his hand in the dying man's blood to draw on the wall. He wrote political piggy. You and then painted a pawprint Charles had instructed bobby to leave evidence incriminating the Black Panthers he hoped Henman's death breath would heightened racial tensions and help kickoff helter skelter then. The group left taking Henman's cars with them in this episode covering the Manson family Gary Henman's murder was only the first in a series of killings soon after the family slaughtered actress Sharon Tate and other innocent people all in a bid to kick-start Manson's prophesied race wars wars but Manson's use of fear and violence was in opposition to many other criminals of the Hippie era instead they capitalized on the prevailing philosophy of peace. And love in this next clip. From cults we examine. What are the most iconic psychedelic cults of the Nineteen Seventies? The source family unlike Charles Manson the source families charismatic leader. Jim Baker relied on ideas. Like Enlightenment and free love to buy his disciples to him like Manson Baker was at the center of the source family but instead of acting as a warrior he became their spiritual father offering them love and wisdom and exchange for their loyalty ultimately however this manipulation created an all consuming dynamic of extreme dependency agency between Baker and his disciples what appeared to be a mutually beneficial relationship. was actually in the service of Baker's crowing ego in Jim Baker typically responded to complex problems by running away from them but this time he didn't cut and run this could be because as psychoanalyst psychoanalyst Daniel Shaw points out in his book traumatic Narcissism Relational Systems of subjugation as a cult leader. Baker had developed a codependent relationship with his followers. Shaw writes quote the power that parents have as God like figures to literally give life and sustain the lives of their children. Children leaves each human being with the memory of total dependency comp leaders tap into and reactivate this piece of the human psyche followers are encouraged to become regressed and infantilized to believe that the life depends on pleasing the cult leader and quote an in just as much as the source. Family members needed Baker. He apparently needed them. According to Shaw the cult leader does not escape dependency instead ed he and also in many cases she comes to depend on his followers to worship and adore him to reflect his narcissistic delusion of perfection. Affection in March of Nineteen seventy-three. The fifty one year old Baker managed to find a second home for his followers which they called the Father House. It's a three bedroom three bathroom home. In the hills near the source restaurant it was significantly smaller than the mother house. A fact that would soon lead into deadly health risks in some ways life at the Father House went on just as it had at the mother. House business at the source was still booming and it still required a few dozen members to run at each day everyone still gathered for four. AM Meditation and spent much of the day cleaning while seeking enlightenment meant but in other ways everything changed. Baker began channeling new beliefs constantly with an ever-expanding emphasis on his own power. Our he began calling himself by the Jewish name for God Yoga. He taught about the freemasons and ancient Egyptian magic for his followers followers. The pursuit of enlightenment became like a whirlwind game in which no one knew the rules in our episodes on the source family. We go on to examine how Jim Bakker's total control over. His followers only increased over the next x two years. Eventually their numbers surged to over one hundred fifty people but when a run in with the authorities in Los Angeles forced the cult of Fleet Hawaii I baker or father yoed met his end in a fatal hang gliding accident in one thousand nine hundred ninety five for some. It was a death as Gloria says Baker's life but for others. It was shocking wakeup call. They realized that for years Baker had manipulated them believing he was is guiding them to total enlightenment and intern. His followers had blindly obeyed his every whim but what happens when a criminal delude themselves selves. into believing that they're heinous actions are truly in the best interest of their victim coming up. We discussed the horrifying kidnapping case of Katie Beers and explore the power of self manipulation from the violence and separatist mentality of the Manson family to the all consuming codependent dynamic of the source family. Criminals have relied lied on a variety of tactics to exert control over their victims. But perhaps the most fascinating methods of manipulation is one the criminal uses on themselves. Dell's denial and self delusion in our next clip from our show hostage. We cover one of the most twisted cases of self delusion the abduction of Katie Beers kidnapped in nineteen ninety-two nine year old. Katie was kept in an underground bunker chain to the wall where she suffered separate sexual abuse at the hands of her neighbor. John Esposito or big John but unlike Charles Manson or Jim Baker Esposito committed his is crimes out of the belief that he was helping his victim. Katie came from an abusive home so esposito convinced himself. That showering her with gifts. Defection would make Katie happy and feel loved the Nesper Zito's mind. He had rescued Katie from her neglectful family. And it was giving her the care and attention unsheath deserved but in reality he had trapped her in a literal hell on earth. Sometimes big John would come into the bunker and to give Katie food or a toy and then suddenly the blank look would appear on his face and he would rape her one clue about big. John's mental state is how long he remained in denial about sexually abusing Katie. It took more than twenty years for big John To admit he molested Katie and and even then he denied raping her. If Big John Really believed he loved children it would have been hard for him to reconcile that with the obvious evidence since he was seriously harming Katie. Which could lead to denial a psychological coping mechanism on the other hand when John Esposito did finally confess? He blamed his lawyers for telling him not to admit to touching Katie. There is one explanation that fall somewhere between extreme denial and willful awful cruelty Catherine Ramsland. Phd Co author of the book inside the minds of sexual predators. Says one of the most common types of child. Predators is the quote fixated child offender fixated child offenders are stuck at an early stage of psycho sexual development element and rationalize away. They're abusive children as showing affection. They may know their actions are wrong but their fixation on children overrides hides their moral sensibilities so John might have known he was hurting Katie. But because he was fixated and felt unable to stop he tried to convince awesome self he was actually helping her big John's grand gestures like the promise of a car and a huge amount of money on her eighteenth birthday seemed like like further rationalizations of this abuse. He was able to convince himself that kidnapping and sexual abuse were actually a net benefit to his victim victim. Big John had molested children. Before and in those cases too he cast himself as a helpful male role model in their lives among John. ESPOSITO Zito's victims Katie's sixteen year old maternal half brother John Beers hostage victim. Katie beers survived for seventeen days. Inchon Esposito's bunker throughout her captivity while he tried to manipulate her into forgiving him for kidnapping her she used a variety of tactics to convince Esposito to let her go. She pleaded with him if he really loved here. He let her leave. Grow up go to college and have a family eventually. ESPOSITO turned himself into the police though. It's unclear if he was motivated. Audited by guilt over his actions or fear of being caught either way he led the police to the hidden bunker. Freeing Katie Jonah's honest. zito demonstrated how criminals manipulate their victims while they already have them under their control. But how do they gain a potential victims trust in the first place in our next clip from serial killers. We'll examine the tactics of lust murderer Fritz harmon or the Werewolf of Hanover. Harman killed at least twenty four men from nineteen eighteen to nineteen twenty four. All between the ages of ten and twenty two to lure his victims comes in he sometimes offered them assistance or accommodations. Several of the young men he murdered. Runaways this made them especially vulnerable all to harmon strategic kindness. He brought them home to his apartment supplied them with food and drink that once. They're guard was completely down on. He savagely attacked them after getting away clean for the second time new confidence suffused Harman's bloodlust. So when he met seventeen year old Wilhelm Shilpa that Hanover Station in nineteen twenty three four weeks after killing Fritz Frank thinker. He couldn't help but approach the boy by now. Harmon had a practice routine for finding suitable victims. He often patrolled Hanover station under the guise is a police officer. Searching for vulnerable. Boys shoots was a young writer who had just run away from home and this made him an easy target for Harman. Harmon had impersonated a police officer and pretended to lend a sympathetic ear to the boys troubles. He offered shelter place to stay into warm meal. She'll she'll say eagerly accepted the offers and followed Harmon to his apartment. The room was small but spotless. After nearly getting caught for the murder of frank just weeks prior harmon had scrubbed every inch in fact he had been scrubbing the place with harsh chemicals so often that other tenants in the house had complained to to the landlord a widow named Elizabeth Angle but harmon had long ago explained angle that he was very particular about his cleaning habits and she saw no the reason to bother a tenant for keeping room tidy besides Harmon was charming angle liked him. His charm also allowed him to urge young boys like Schulte Tsa into his bed given his pleasant friendly manner Harmon was always able to get close to his victims without making them uncomfortable in these situations. Sounds harmonised specially like to ask victims about their families. This line of questioning seemed reasonable. Coming from a police officer but Harman's true goal was anything thing but noble. He needed to know if anyone would come looking for the boy. According to Harman he didn't always feel of violent urge to kill the boys. He brought back to his apartment apartment. In some cases harmon kept young men around as errand boys for several days. He gave them small jobs or meals until they stopped coming around other times he raped boys but did not kill them but unfortunately for Schulte his answers made harmon confident that no one would question this show his disappearance harmon pounced. He grabbed shelter by the throat and held him down. He raped him and in the midst of the attack. Sunk his his teeth into Schultz's Adam's apple this episode of serial killers killers further details Fritz Harman's six year reign of terror as the butcher of Hanover. But during that time the police couldn't help but notice the sharp spike in the number burrup missing boys at teenagers. His crimes were eventually uncovered when the bones from his victims started popping up around town in rivers and fields fields when harmon was arrested. Police discovered stacks of young men's clothing in his apartment after killing them. He sold off their possessions for extra cash. Rush at the end his thriftiness. What's his downfall? Every part of Fritz Harman's interaction with victim served a purpose from where he hunted did to how we approach them to be killed them. He was entirely calculated in his manipulations. But for some criminals their actions aren't so nearly deliberate. Rather their manipulations are encouraged by their own dilutions. Our final clip from female criminals covers convicted murderer. Diane Downs Diane grew up in a strict religious household feeling unloved. She searched for ways to fill that hole her entire life live. She finally thought she found the one in Lewiston. Maine carried on a series of fair for the better part of nineteen eighty. Two but Louis was concerned by some Diane's behavior. She needed his constant attention affection. She also lied about everything. Spinning whatever stories necessary very to keep him close to her. Eventually he broke off the affair and went back to wife. Diane was devastated so in May of Nineteen eighty-three. She devised a plan to win back. If she made herself a victim he would have to come back to her. Just save her sadly she involved her three young children in the plot making them victims as well one night. Diane took the kids out for a drive then she she staged of violent carjacking on the night of the shooting. May Nineteenth Nineteen eighty-three detective. -tective Doug Welsh Interview Diane at McKenzie Willamette Hospital Welsh was the responding officer that night and this was his first homicide case. Diane Diane told Welsh that she and her children had gone to visit her friend and Mark Cola a nearby town in Oregon on their way home. She decided to take a longer the route that was more scenic even though it was growing dark as she drove her three sleeping children down old Mohawk road a deserted country road near the Mohawk Doc River. A shaggy-haired man flagged her down making her stop the car. Diane got out to ask what he wanted and he demanded she gives him her keys his when she refused the man snapped pushed her to the side reached into the car and shot the sleeping children. Diane then pretended the throw her car. Keys in the direction of the riverbank to divert the gunman's attention they struggled for a moment and he shot her in the arm but she managed to get back in the car and race away to the hospital. Parts of the story didn't make sense to Welsh. He said quote sightseeing when it's pitch blackout. And why are the kids fatally or near ear fatally wounded and she being right handed is shot in the left arm. I mean think about it. She's the biggest threat to him. Not Three sleeping children and quote. In addition Diane's account of the events on Mohawk road were inconsistent. She told Welsh. The man was bushy-haired then said that he wore wore a ski mask. I she said that they were attacked by one man but then she said there had been two then reverted back to one. Her evolving narrative is consistent consistent with pathological lying the common symptom in those diagnosed with Histrionic personality disorder. Like Diam. The Nest is going to take over on the psychology here here and throughout the episode. Please note Vanessa is not a licensed psychologist or psychiatrist. But she has done a lot of research for the show. Thank Sammy according to Dr Mark. D Griffiths patients with HP will often lie as a way to enhance or facilitate their dramatic attention seeking behavior in this case ace with the dozens of police and doctors in the hospital focused on her. Diana adjusted her story to appear more dramatic as needed while Welsh took Diane statement. Doctors fought to save the three downs children as we further outlined in the female criminals episodes detailing dying down story. She had a long history of pathological lying though her previous lies never had such high stakes now with our children's lives on the line. Diane constructed an elaborate carjacking story to explain their grave injuries however however her attempts to manipulate investigators and increasing desire for their attention exposed her increasingly convoluted delusions ultimately timidly one of Diane downs. Children died from their injuries. The other two spent months in the hospital recovering. Her three-year-old son was paralyzed from the waist. Down her oldest daughter Christie initially lost the ability to speak but when she recovered it was her testimony. At Diane's trial trial that center mother to prison for life while the criminals in our clips today utilize different manipulation tactics. They all shared one common goal to gain control over their victims. We saw Dr Simon's manipulation tact accept play. Diane downs tried to make herself into a victim to manipulate police. Lee Center ex-boyfriend John Zito tried to use intense flattery to win Katie Beers. Affection even deceiving himself into believing he was saving her. We also saw that. These manipulators chose their victims very carefully paying attention to those who are most vulnerable as laid out by Dr Breaker John. ESPOSITO's ESPOSITO's dictum was not only a child but an abused child who desired the approval of adults for many Fritz. Harman's victims were runaways. Vulnerable to any small amount of kindness. He showed them Jim. Baker offered identity and acceptance to his followers who looked Baker for guidance. Sunday night meant in in the end. They all achieved their goal of complete domination. Thanks for tuning into podcast. Crime Bites we hope you enjoyed this episode on the tactics of psychological manipulation. We'll be back next week with a new episode on Mother's misbehaving. We often think of mothers as the consummate nurturers. Why do they sometimes hurt the ones they love most? I even their own children. If you'd like to listen to the episodes that we discussed today in full simply search for our podcast. Original shows. Crimes Of Passion Ashen Colts hostage serial killers or female criminals on spotify. Not only spotify already ham all your favorite music but now spotify is making it easy for you to enjoy all your favorite podcast originals for free from your phone desktop or smart speaker and don't forget to follow Louis on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network. I'll see you next time. Hi podcast listeners. It's Carter if you love hostage we'd love to hear from you by taking a quick survey Ed your feedback will help us. Continue Making your favorite shows better than ever please visit podcast survey dot me slash hostage to answer. A few short questions may seem small. But your input really matters. That's podcast survey dot me slash hostage. Thank you for your continued support and for listening.