The Council on Foreign Relations Pt. 2
Something to note about secret societies all of the groups covered on this show operate in secret. The details included in this episode are based on extensive research but ultimately could never be one hundred percent verified except by society members themselves for every kernel of truth. There's a swath of misinformation strategically crafted by each group to protect their true goals and practices secretary of war. Henry stimson closely monitored the telephone. He was in Potsdam. Germany expecting news. That could change the outcome of the war. In Japan. It was the middle of July nineteen forty five and the access powers in Germany had surrendered two months earlier but the Japanese were fighting till the bloody end. When the phone finally rang it brought a sense of relief chased with a sense of dread. The nuclear test was a success. He could go ahead with his plans. The board was set and he had his instructions to make the next move. While stimpson had his allegiance to the United States. He was also loyal to another group. The Council on foreign relations their members include some of the most powerful men in the history of the United States including lawyers bankers industry leaders and heads of state and while the council has had a hand in government decisions going back to the first World War. They weren't resting on their laurels. In nineteen forty-five they were using world. War Two to change the world. After the dust settled they would be on top. Hi I'm Vanessa. Richardson Greg Paulson. And this is secret. Societies apart cast original every Thursday. We examined history's most exclusive organizations from around the world and try to shine a light on the truth behind these mysterious groups from the aluminum body to the order of the nine angles will explore. How much impact. Each secret society actually had on the world around them. This is our second episode on the Council on Foreign Relations. A nearly one hundred year old think tank based in New York City. They're responsible for crafting. Some of the most divisive policies in United States history from the shadows and later from the presidency itself last week we explored the council's formation and how they place themselves in a position of power near the end of World War. Two this week. We're discussing the council's nearly impossible reach in politics. Big Business and the media after the end of World War. Two some have accused the council love using the US government to create a new world order. Today will investigate. How accurate that accusation is. The Modern Day Council on Foreign Relations was founded in nineteen twenty one from the ashes of a study group known as the inquiry who had worked to create the League of Nations during World War One two decades later in nineteen thirty nine President Roosevelt contact at the council to help create a study group very similar to the inquiry and to help implant strategies for World War Two. This new group was known as the war in peace studies. But it was essentially just a government funded branch of the Council on Foreign Relations in one thousand nine. Forty Roosevelt recruited a founding council member. Henry Stimson to be his secretary of war from that moment. The Council on Foreign Relations became inextricably linked to the government. Stinson didn't go into government service alone. He took John McCloy with him. The coin was a young valued member of the council and he soon became a trusted advisor of president. Roosevelt McCloy was tasked with filling out the president's cabinet. The United States was at war and they needed the best man. John McCloy got to choose who they were. He picked members of the Council on Foreign Relations in less than twenty years since their founding the council had members throughout the federal government. A single phone. Call away from the president of the United States. During the Roosevelt Administration they could shape. Us policy in any way that they liked. They had one clear goal in mind. The council had been a key part of creating the League of nations at the end of World War One but the institution was weak as a result of the United States refusal to join by the time World War Two rolled around it had been all but abandoned members of the council saw the war as the result the United States failure to enter the world stage and they wouldn't let it happen again by nineteen forty three. The League of Nations successor was conceived. The nations was officially the Brainchild President. Franklin D Roosevelt. But the idea was planted in his head by key cabinet members who were part of the council the UN's first purpose was to signal solidarity against the Axis powers. It was an initial agreement signed by the main for allied countries the US the UK the Soviet Union and China. This agreement was a monumental step that would lay the groundwork for things to come but was far from being completed. Fdr saw the United Nations is a way to ensure future world peace but before that could be achieved. The war needed to end and secretary of war. Henry Stimson had a plan in addition to putting a bug in Roosevelt's Sierra about the UN stimpson was personally responsible for a secretive project. One only a handful of government officials knew of upon its completion. It would bring about a swift end to the war. He was overseeing the Manhattan project and undertaking that would ultimately lead to the atomic bomb. Not only the founding members of the Council on Foreign Relations quickly established a new organization to oversee the world's governments but now they had control of the atomic bomb which they needed to keep everyone in line all hidden behind the mask of the good old USA. Of course it's possible. Stimpson was putting his country before his secret society. But that's just another one of the many secrets he kept throughout most of the Manhattan project. He didn't even tell other cabinet. Members like Vice President Truman. Truman only discovered the project on April twelfth. Nineteen forty five the day President Roosevelt died and he was sworn in as commander in chief himself. By that point the bomb was nearly operational and the scientists were only two months away from testing it. The war in Europe was coming to an end and on May seventh nineteen forty-five Germany signed a peace treaty in the presence of Supreme Allied Commander Dwight D Eisenhower with Germany placated. The United States directed all of their forces toward Japan president. Truman and his generals had a difficult decision to make. Would they march all the way into Tokyo or would they use their new weapon? It's hard to say if the Council on foreign relations had any power over this decision but Truman inherited Roosevelt's cabinet new to his office. He have leaned on them for guidance. Either way no member of the Council on Foreign Relations stopped the US from dropping the bomb and to be clear they did have that kind of power. It's obvious from the next decision. Harry Stimpson made in the summer of Nineteen forty-five the US planned on bombing to different cities. The first would be Hiroshima but the second city was up for debate. Several generals thought it would send a loud message to bomb the historic city of Kyoto home to hundreds of temples and landmarks. Stimson was aghast. He had visited Kyoto on his honeymoon and couldn't bear to see all of that. History lost so stimpson talked Truman into changing his mind on August. Sixth Nineteen forty-five the first bomb landed on Hiroshima. Killing tens of thousands. Sadly the Japanese Empire didn't show any sign of surrender so the other strike went ahead on August ninth. Nineteen forty five. A plane took off from the island of Tinian and headed toward Japan at eleven. Am The large beef fifty to fund its target and dropped its payload Nagasaki was incinerated. Kyoto was spared but eighty thousand others were killed. As a direct result of Stimpson's lobbying. The Japanese surrendered five days later on August. Fifteenth Nineteen forty-five. The war came to an end under the guidance of a key council member. The council had gotten exactly what they wanted but that was only step one of their goals know the world could start over with step to the United Nations by the end of the war. The United Nations now had twenty five different nations on board. It was an update of the League of nations and this time the United States had a seat at the table. It also signaled the beginning of a new international landscape while the League required there. Be a consensus for anything to be passed. The UN only required a simple majority with the new form of world government successfully set up members of the council who'd spent years in government positions during the war trickled back into civilian life. Henry stimson retired but continued to be an active member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He may have taught a whole new generation of council members how to navigate life in government service John McCloy who advised FDR after stimpson recruited him was named the head of the newly formed World Bank in Organization directly tied to the United Nations. It's an international bank that helps poorer or developing countries by giving them access to vast amounts of cash in the form of loans and yet another avenue for the council members to have a say in how the world was remade after the war after helping to create the World Bank. The council was now an integral part of it as were their business interests however the postwar world brought with it. Its own unique set of challenges. There are now two main power players on the world stage the United States and the Soviet Union the Council reached out to the Russian Embassy to see if any of their scholars would be interested in working together on a new study but the Soviets refused a move that steered the council in a different direction. Forging ahead on their own. The council assigned a young member named George Franklin to come up with a report in the spring of Nineteen forty-six. He began pouring over historical documents and books on political theory to find what he believed would be the correct next step for the United States. The pressure on Franklin was immense. How could he possibly come up with a solution for a problem? That was only just beginning to develop and was bound to evolve. The implications of the changing world were massive. After four long months of research. He finished his study and showed his results to the council. Franklin contended that the best way forward was to be involved with the Soviets to acknowledge their differences and work together for a better global future however the sentiment was hard to stomach in the wake of British Prime Minister. Winston Churchill's famous Iron Curtain speech just months earlier in it. Churchill argued that the only way to keep the Soviet Union at bay was a policy of isolation and ideological chasm formed inside the walls of the council those who thought it would be beneficial to the United States to work with the Russians. And those who thought they could block the spread of communism by refusing all contact with the USSR. Here the pragmatism of the businessmen and the optimism of the scholars clashed the intellectuals wanted the bright future of peaceful international relations that they had been planning and working towards for decades but the business ban saw the Soviets Communist ideology as a problem working with them could be bad for business and so the goals of the council transformed with its majority. The businessmen had significantly more influence and successfully pushed their ideas forward. Using one of the council's many resources. There magazine Foreign Affairs. It was a move that completely changed the course of the United States and resulted in the deaths of millions. Coming up the council controls the United States Cold War policy and changes the global landscape in Vietnam podcast listeners. If you enjoy stories about murder mystery and the unexplained you'll absolutely love the new podcast original series supernatural with Ashley Flowers it's hosted by crime junkies Ashley Flowers and you can hear new episodes every Wednesday. We all know that most mysteries can be solved by looking at the facts but sometimes the facts don't lead to a logical explanation. The truth lies somewhere in the unknown in supernatural with Ashley. Flowers Ashley takes a deep dive into the strange and surreal to explain some of the world's most bizarre true crime occurrences each week. She'll dig into a different crime or mystery where the most fitting theory isn't always the most conventional from exorcisms to unsolved murders to alien abductions. Ashley will take on. The tails challenge the unexplained and dissect the facts with a heavy helping of skepticism and rationale. So are you ready to get to the bottom of history's most pick Yulia events? Follow supernatural with Ashley. Hours free on spotify or wherever you get your podcasts. Now back to the story as World War Two ended and the Cold War began. The Council on Foreign Relations was determined to maintain its power. They'd met their goal of forming a world government with United Nations but now the newer business-minded membership had fresh goals to pursue their magazine. Foreign Affairs was edited by a man named Hamilton Fish. Armstrong and Armstrong wasn't using the council's vast network of connections in nearly all sectors of the American power structure to promote the council's ideas in the US and abroad. One of contacts was a man named George Kennan. Kenan happen to be friends with George. Franklin the member of the Council had chosen to study. The Soviet situation can was on a sabbatical from government work after the war and was doing some research on what he believed would be a further rise of Communism. Kenan saw the USSR as a nation. That was fueled by unrestricted expansionism. He envisioned a future in which they would conquer or influence countless other smaller countries. He feared they would become a new unstoppable empire. He met with Franklin and a small study group inside the council in Nineteen forty seven. There Kenan laid out his ideas in detail. In order to combat communism across the globe the United States needed to implement a policy. Called Containment. Containment would work exactly as it sounds. Think of a wildfire burning out of Control. That's how Kenan viewed communism he insisted the United States and its allies would have to push back against its expansion. The US would need to assist in minor conflicts abroad and more importantly they would need to win a war over the hearts and minds of the world. He believed the United States had a moral superiority and would win the end. Franklin was taken by what he was hearing and became convinced that Kenan needed to publish his thoughts in foreign affairs but Kenan new as a government official. He'd be admonished by the current administration for publishing the article. It's not that they wouldn't have agreed. But it could have been seen. As an official view of the administration cannon did however figure that he was able to write the article under a pseudonym in nineteen forty seven foreign affairs printed. An article called the sources of Soviet conduct by person only referred to as X. We can't understate how important this article was to the United States foreign policy before this paper was published. The term containment had never been used in relation to communism. It's no secret that the spread of communism was a threat to the bankers and businessmen in the council the USSR had shown its unwillingness to trade and interact with the Americans. If there expansion continued there would be less money to be made of these. Businessmen had everything to lose if communism spread and they were always opened with their checkbooks to ensure they rent a position. Keep it from happening when you think about how much money was on the line. The idea of corrupted corporate influence isn't so far flung the ex article took off and was soon in the hands of the most powerful people in the federal government. It was popular in the State Department and was the topic of countless discussions in nineteen forty eight president. Truman adopted a policy called the Marshall Plan named after Truman Secretary of State. George Marshall. This document followed the outline of the ex article. Almost to a T. At that time after the war Europe was in shambles and the United States realized they could gain influenced by funding recovery efforts. They could win. Over the hearts of the people and steer them toward capitalism through the Marshall Plan the United States loaned twelve billion dollars to various European countries to help rebuild their infrastructure. They also sought to stimulate the growth of their economies by eliminating any barriers to trade while the council on Foreign Relations didn't have a direct hand in the Marshall Plants Creation. They greatly influenced forty two percent of president. Truman's cabinet members were also council members. They were the ones who introduced the president to the ex article and pushed him into supporting. Its strategy they were the ones who whispered the words containment that would echo for decades to come and they were only one step away from the top when they saw a bigger opportunity. Arise after the signing of the Marshall Plan the Council formed a study group to focus on the effects of the plans aid in Europe. One of the group's members was Dwight. D Eisenhower the former Supreme Allied Commander in Europe at the time. Eisenhower had no political aspirations and didn't believe that it was his place as a former member of the armed services instead he served as President of Columbia University. It was something different and put him in touch with people he would have never met in. The military. People were east coast elites with ties to other universities and multinational banks. The kind of people who were members of the Council on Foreign Relations or people they wanted to influence despite Eisenhower's unconventional pedigree. He fit right in with the members of the council. They were thoughtful patient with him. He never got an a disagreement. That couldn't be worked out over. A glass of Scotch. All of the council members respected what he had done for the country during World War Two. He rarely missed a meeting while he traveled all over Europe. Only now was he truly getting to understand the continent and economics as a whole later. An unnamed member said that whatever General Eisenhower knows about economics he has learned at the study group meetings. Another member said the council served as a sort of education in foreign affairs for the future president. Most importantly he was eager to learn over the next two years. Eisenhower was a sponge that absorbed as much information as he could from the scholars in his study group. Unfortunately for Eisenhower his time in New York City wouldn't last forever by December nineteen fifty president. Truman asked him to resume his duties in the military. There was a new conflict brewing in Korea and his country needed him. So Eisenhower withdrew from council and stepped down from his position. As the president of Colombia Eisenhower became the Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO A newly-formed Alliance between twelve countries created in the wake of the Marshall Plan. Its goal to keep Russia at bay as Supreme Commander of NATO Eisenhower had control over all of the Allied Forces in Korea and the rest of the world. The influence the council on Foreign Relations had on Dwight D. Eisenhower cannot be discredited and helps explain his drastic change of heart during his time at NATO despite previously claiming to not want to be president of the United States in nineteen fifty two. He announced his candidacy. He picked a young up and coming senator from California to be his running mate. Richard Nixon a war hero. Eisenhower was loved by the American people and by the time the general election came around he seemed to be on his way to easily capturing the presidency he of course had the backing of the council. Who saw this election as the next step to gaining control but even if Eisenhower were to have lost they had a contingency plan his opponent Adler Stevenson was also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. The deck was stacked in the council's favor no matter what they would finally get a member behind the desk in the Oval Office on November Fourth Nineteen fifty two. Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected. President of the United States. He was sworn into office on January Twentieth Nineteen fifty-three like Truman before him. I said how are picked his cabinet heavily from the council forty percent were council members including Secretary of State John Foster Dulles then Eisenhower promoted. John's brother Alan to be the acting director of the CIA. Allan too was a council member. Allen Dulles became America's top spy and the group now had members in the two most powerful positions in the US government. The council was also still connected with wealthy New York elites who would directly benefit from some of Eisenhower's stated goals he won't said therefore the objective of tax reduction is an absolutely essential one. The Council on Foreign Relations now had more control than ever before they had connections to the president and the head of the CIA. If they're members saw the council as their highest loyalty day could access confidential information lower their taxes or drop an atomic bomb while they claim to be nonpartisan. They may have had a darker agenda. They wanted to help place. The United States at the top of the new world order an order in which a the rich and powerful would pull the strings. What may have started out as a well-intentioned study group had morphed into an all powerful organization? We can't confirm these intentions. But it's clear how the rumors started and Eisenhower's next move only fanned the flames is in Howard. Gave two billion dollars in aid to the French backed government in Vietnam and he sent you a soldiers to train south Vietnamese fighters. He did this to help. Fight BACK AGAINST MOUNTING REBEL COMMUNIST FORCES. Something past administrations had been reluctant to do while. President Roosevelt had taken advice from the council. He refused to help the French. In Vietnam on principle he was stanchly opposed to imperialism of any kind but now the council had one of their own in command and could turn the tides of war. Eisenhower's actions were actually less severe than actions. The council reportedly wanted take him but it set up domino effect that ensured the United States would be invested in Vietnam for years to come all following the council's published plans for containment. Even after Eisenhower's two terms concluded the council still held sway a young John F Kennedy. Who Wasn't part of? The group ran on the ideals of a man of New Era. You wanted to change the world and promised to be unlike any president before him yet. When he assembled his cabinet he drew heavily from the Council on foreign relations their reputation had become stellar and they were now an inescapable force in the United States government. Many of the men in the council were already brilliant in their own regard but being admitted to the group was a signal that they were worthy of staffing. At this point it became apparent. They didn't need a man at the top. The council had so much power and clout. They could work just as well behind the scenes. It seemed they were more powerful than the presidency. Perhaps due to the council's influence during the Kennedy Administration. The United States edged closer to a direct conflict in Vietnam. The council couldn't afford to have communism spread in East Asia and after Kennedy's assassination in nineteen sixty three the conflict ramped up by nineteen sixty five under the leadership of Lyndon B Johnson the US had one hundred eighty thousand men on the ground in Vietnam. Would the United States have entered the war? If it weren't for the influence of the council if containment hadn't been pushed so heavily how many American men would have lived will never truly know at the end of the day. It didn't truly matter. South Vietnam fell and the Soviet Union lived on for decades. It seemed the council's ideas of containment. Might have been misguided. It's possible some on the council lost sight of their once. Altruistic goal of a better world but the council didn't pay much mind. Losing Vietnam was a speed bump and they still met behind closed. Doors members of the council were still in the president's cabinet making key decisions they were still in the UN they had power and were determined to keep wielding it for decades to come no matter the cost coming up the council on Foreign Relations continues. It's quite influence on the. Us government now the conclusion to the story. The Council on Foreign Relations has been quietly moving behind the scenes of American politics for nearly one hundred years altering the global landscape they helped to create the UN and steered the United States involvement in Vietnam as well as Iran Council member and CIA Director Allen Dulles was involved in the coup in Iran in nineteen. Fifty-three the CIA helped to depose the democratically. Elected Prime Minister Mohammad most deck after most adept proposed to take away international access to Iranian oil in his place. The CIA installed a ruthless leader known as the Shaw a monarch who was loyal to the United States. He promised the. Us access to Iranian oil and issue without the wealthy members of the council on Foreign Relations were said to be keeping a close eye on. They didn't care about the consequences. They wanted the resources that money. This shy Iran lived in opulence and had people who opposed him killed. Obviously it didn't take long for the Shaw. Begin to lose the trust of his people in one thousand nine hundred seventy nine. He was forced out of power and fled. The new Iranian leadership wanted the shot to stand trial for crimes against their people but were unsuccessful in bringing him back to the country. The Shaw spent the next few months seeking refuge in different countries including Egypt and Mexico. He had cancer of the diagnosis wasn't good. He needed immediate care. The Shah requested to be admitted to the United States for treatment but President. Jimmy Carter refused. He knew how volatile the situation in Iran was however Henry Kissinger and David Rockefeller Chairman of the Council on foreign relations publicly pressured President Carter to allow the dying shaw into the United States. Rockefeller in Kissinger hadn't been elected government seats but here they held undue influence over international relations. At this point the council seemingly didn't care to handle issues diplomatically through the United Nations even though they helped to create the group found the best way to make changes to the global landscape was to be hands on. They didn't need the UN when they controlled the most powerful country on earth. All they had to do was put pressure on the president. President Carter finally relented and allowed the Shah into the country in one thousand nine hundred seventy nine. This move forever changed the landscape of the Middle East and resulted in the Iranian hostage crisis that same year even today Iran the US have a very tumultuous relationship in that same decade a middle aged George H W Bush became a member of the council and climb the ladder of influence by nine thousand nine hundred eighty one. He was the vice president of the United States and nine years later he became the president. He was the second member of the council to become the leader of the free world. However he wasn't the last president associated with the council both presidents Carter and Clinton became members after their terms were over at it said President Nixon's opinions on China were heavily influenced by what he read in foreign affairs. Today the council has been funded by some of the largest corporations in the world including Google Exxon Mobil and at and T. These companies are given exclusive access to the Council's studies annual corporate conference and most importantly to their well-connected members. The same rules apply to individual donors. Donors are able to network and attend special events with influential speakers from all over the world. They might even be able to become members themselves. They can be actors politicians hedge fund managers or financiers like Jeffrey Epstein Epstein joined the Club and learned unknown amounts of information about government action and was most importantly able to use the club to network. He was able to meet council members like president. Bill Clinton their meetings might have had a hand in protecting him for so long some believe he even had deep state connections and he knew some of their secrets meaning. They had to keep him safe. Epstein was also able to use these meetings to increase the amount of money. He was raking in and we all know what he was using that money for he pimm him is is the type of club the council had turned into. They no longer cared about brilliance. Instead they focused on wealth and power they still had members of the intellectual community but they were an afterthought a cover. There have been several times throughout the history of the group that a candidate has been railroaded into the council because they were well connected. While many other members had attended prestigious universities these applicants had almost no qualifications. Despite this fact they were admitted into the group signifying that the council's philosophical roots had been long abandoned for close to one hundred years. Now the council has been in control of the most powerful country on earth and has used it as a weapon to deal with global issues. Today they have over five thousand members some of whom are lifetime members and others who are on five year fellowships to become a member. Candidates have to be nominated by a current member and have to be seconded by another one once they have a nomination. They're judged by the board who then vote on their inclusion but with five thousand members and prominent corporate sponsors. Why is it that so many people don't seem to know about the group well? The council has recruited several prominent members of the media into the club to obscure their actions. Since the initial publication of Foreign Affairs the Council's focus on the media has only increased. A few celebrated television journalists are even members or have been temporary members of their board at one point. Tom Brokaw one of the most respected journalists of his time was a part of the group. If you think about any of the major news networks odds are one of their hosts or reporters is part of the Council on Foreign Relations. These reportedly include former. Cbs hosts Dan Rather Maria Bartiromo from Fox News and George Stephanopoulos from ABC because of their media influence. Information about the group is often hard to find those who do speak about it. Only share glowing reviews in modern times. The council not only has the power to change the landscape of American politics but they have the ability to do it outside of the harsh public spotlight. Some believe that behind the closed doors of their New York City headquarters. They're still playing a game and we are all the pieces. Their goal is to be given complete control of the board according to Senator Ted Cruz. The council is a part of the new world order keen on breaking down capitalism and the United States as a whole cruise claims. They are furthering a globalist agenda through their involvement with the United Nations yet. They're reported linked to events in Iran. Outside of the UN seems at odds with this theory others believed that the group is an ultra conservative club. That's actually run by their corporate backers. In order to control the world for monetary gain a group that started out as an idealistic dream that was killed by corporate influence regardless of what side on the conspiracy spectrum. You'll Anton there's one clear through line for the Council on Foreign Relations. No matter how many new voices are added to the crew or generations pass. They gravitate toward power the next time in elections coming up. You Might WanNa take a look into who you're voting for and where their allegiances truly lie. Thanks again for tuning into secret societies. We'll be back next week with a new episode for more information on the Council on Foreign Relations amongst the many sources. We used we found. Peter grosses book continuing the inquiry extremely helpful to our research. You can find all episodes of secret. Societies and all other park has originals for free on spotify. Not only does spotify already. Have all of your favorite music now? Spotify is making it easy for you to enjoy all of your favorite podcast originals. Like secret societies for free from your phone desktop or smart speaker just streams secret societies on spotify. Just open the APP and type secret societies in the search bar and don't forget to follow us on facebook and Instagram at par cast and twitter at podcast network. We'll see you next time. Secret societies was created by Max Cutler and as a podcast studios original it is executive produced by Max Cutler. Sound design by Kenny Hobbs with production assistance by Ron Shapiro Carly Madden and Freddie Beckley. This episode of Secret Societies was written by Robert Tyler Walker with writing assistance by Maggie. Admire and stars. Greg Poulsen and Vanessa Richardson listeners. I hope you remember to check out the new podcast original series supernatural with Ashley Flowers. Everyone's Day take a deep dive into the strange and surreal to find the truth behind some of the world's most bizarre crimes. I can't get enough of this show and I hope you feel the same search for a supernatural with Ashley hours in the spotify APP and listen free today.