Satanic Panic Pt. 1: Origins
Due to the graphic nature of this episode listener discretion is advised. This episode features discussions of Abuse Murder Sexual. Assault and child sexual assault that some people may find disturbing. We advise extreme caution for listeners under thirteen. In the nineteen eighties, a wave of anxiety surged across the United States worries about the economy military conflicts and religious turmoil seemed to dominate public discourse and too many. It felt like the nation was losing its way looking to cast blame some pointed the finger at inept governments and amorphous foreign threats from beyond the country's borders. But others suspected there was a more insidious threat something evil in the biblical sense and this fear wasn't wholly unfounded fueled by highly sensationalized crimes. The rise of occult imagery pop culture, and the growth of Evangelical Churches Paranoia ran rampant. There was some invisible malevolent force corrupting the youth of America and tainting the moral fabric of society. Every shadow hit a monster. There was no safe harbor. And in the face of such overwhelming evil, some people reason there could only be one entity to blame Satan himself. People were convinced nate uncovered the truth about an all encompassing evil conspiracy to end life as we know it, and from that first spark of insanity the flame spread rapidly allegations emerged the devil worshippers were carrying out disturbing occult rituals all over the country in homes businesses even schools and daycares people claim to see Lucifer's influence in movies music, and on the backs of shampoo bottles in the midst of the panic, a new religious right rose up using the news media as a megaphone they stoke the flames compounding the situation in. A misguided bid to destroy Lucifer at all costs. It wasn't long before wild conspiracies, half truths and phony first person accounts of satanism blended together horrific stories that young children were being kidnapped, sexually abused and murdered by Colts Spread like Hellfire overzealous law enforcement and psychologists pursued the claims coaxing children into corroborating be outrageous allegations based on these dubious testimonies scores of daycare center employees and parents. stood trial families were torn apart businesses left in ruin reputations reduced to tatters, and when the dust settled some still didn't know what to believe. That was the satanic panic misinformation paranoia and fear ignited a firestorm across North America and the implications of this modern day witch hunt still ripple even today. Hi I'm Greg Poulsen. First episode of five part special on the satanic panic part of a crossover event between serial killers and colds. Over the next four weeks we're taking a deep dive into what sparked this modern day mass panic in America I'm here with my co host Vanessa, Richardson? Hi Everyone. You can find episodes of serial killers, cults, and all other spotify originals from podcast for free on spotify or wherever you listen to podcasts with several decades worth of distance. It's easy to pass judgment on those who were swept up in the madness of the satanic panic, but we're going to examine exactly how. It took hold from nineteen sixties, popular culture and the rise of evangelical. Christianity to serial killers and murderers. Colts were delving into the facts that fed the falsehoods. Today were charting the origins of the satanic panic tracing its roots back to the highly publicized crimes of cults and serial murderers in the nineteen sixties and Seventies. We'll also look at how sensational reporting led to an unprecedented explosion of paranoia as the nineteen eighties rolled around next time, we'll cover the murderous rampages of three iconic serial killers who terrified their communities and look at how these criminals impacted the atmosphere of the satanic panic. We have all that and more coming up stay with us. This episode is brought to you by the National Highway, Traffic Safety Administration Forty eight states banned texting and driving. So if you do it, you're not only putting people at risk you're breaking the law remember you drive you text you pay. Detective Bob Perez could feel all the hairs on the back of his neck standing on end. It wasn't sure if it was the chill in the air or his horror over the task at hand for the last several weeks, he'd been investigating one of the most horrific abuse cases. He'd ever seen his ten year old foster daughter Donna revealed that sheep been sexually molested by nearly every adult in her life. Every time he talked to her Donna revealed more and more abusers but she didn't always know their names. She called them things like a bald guy with glasses or a fat mother with black hair detective Peres needed more information so that morning March Thirteenth Nineteen Ninety five, he drove down around the streets of Wenatchee Washington to see if she could point out the homes of her molesters, the places. where she and other children had been passed around like party favors according to Donna it was all arranged by an elaborate underground sex ring the hidden underbelly of this sleepy Pacific Northwest town as Perez turned down street after Street Donna pointed at more and more of the front doors by the end of the drive she identified twenty two houses and buildings throughout the town including a local pentecostal church. Perez was stunned. The cult of abusers was wider than he could have possibly imagined. Started to. Call them the. Circle? But Peres didn't truly appreciate the diameter of the circle not yet when he finally saw the whole picture, he'd helped bring charges against forty three adults accused of raping or molesting sixty children at least twenty, nine, thousand, seven, hundred, twenty, six times except none of it actually happened. Scenarios like the one in Wenatchee played out over and over again during the satanic panic in towns across America in the nineteen eighties and nineties, it was a time of nearly unprecedented paranoia a period where the darkest most outrageous accusations were taken seriously even by educated otherwise reasonable adults in short, it was a moral panic. And to fully grasp these events, we need to understand exactly what that means. Sociologist and criminologist Stanley Cohen writes that moral panics occur when a person or group of persons emerges to become defined as a threat to societal values and interests next warnings about the threat must be passed on by worried citizens this can happen through any number of ways but in the modern era, panic most commonly spreads through mass media according to Cohen if newscasters community leaders or other public officials can condense. The danger into a digestible easily recognized simple. It's much more likely to incite public outcry and to Christian Middle America. There is no simple more terrifying than Satan himself. Once a threat has been signified regardless of whether the panic is justified or rational authorities are pressured to do something about it. Any dissent is considered suspicious at best at worst it's a clear sign of guilt at the height of the Satanic. Panic many took disagreement as a sign of collusion with evil because no one wanted to be ostracized by their community people encouraged and embellished rumours wanting to avoid casting suspicion on themselves too many. There were only two choices guilty or innocent to believers defeating Lucifer was a caused. That was an absolute good cloaking themselves in sanctimony parents pointed to the encroaching threat of Satanism as justification for stamping out whatever offended. Them, after all the fate of their children's souls were at stake eventually, moral panics can grow powerful enough to affect actual social change and when they do. This only reinforces the original concern after law enforcement and psychologists started looking into the satanic accusations circular logic in sued for skeptics and believers. Alike, the very fact of an investigation served as evidence that the threat was real. Why else would those in power act? This process showcases the emotional minefield that surrounds any widespread moral panic or conspiracy. To those who feared that satanic cultists were invading their neighborhood but devil was the ultimate evil and his victims young children were the ultimate innocence. In this way, the collective voices of the Satanic Panic believers grew until they drowned out any reasonable debate with each additional person who bought in the threat started to seem more legitimate to those on the outside. Eventually, the masses took even the most outrageous claims seriously with life altering consequences and the bigger the scandal, the more captivating the headlines. Satanic, panics read through mass media and was influenced by modern popular culture. It followed a similar course as previous moral hysteria throughout history. From the Salem witch trials to the red scare vicious rumors and the dark side of human nature have always driven people to violence masquerading as righteous justice. Even the disturbing accusations of satanic ritual abuse have their origins in the ancient and often bloody crusades of the past stories about children being kidnapped and murdered to appease the devil can trace their roots back millennia ironically, some of the earliest of these stories targeted Christians rather than Satan as the perpetrators of evil in ancient Rome. Christians were accused of kidnapping and cannibalizing children as a relatively new religious minority. They were blamed for everything from economic hardship, two destructive fires, but as Christianity spread and became more socially. By the Middle Ages, the midst were co opted and used to advance the church's Interests Florence H. Ridley. A literary scholar found that stories of child sacrifice circulated as early as the fifth century in her article a tale told too often ridley attributes. One of these tales to socrates of Constantinople, a Christian historian not to be confused with the Greek philosopher. She writes socrates spun a tale of how it inmates star in Syria, a group of Jews tortured and murdered a Christian Child in mockery of Christ, and ever since that remo time similar stories have continued to appear in various forms in the folklore of Western Europe and eventually in America this pattern continued. As the years went on throughout the medieval period stories of innocent children who were kidnapped and tortured by smaller religious groups ran rampant in the modern era. Similar tropes were used by the Third Reich as antisemitic propaganda to indoctrinate the Hitler youth in Nazi Germany in the United States tales like these were used from the country's inception as a way to malign black people for more than a century stories of black men attacking torturing and killing white children circulated throughout the country at one time they served as excuses to justify evils like slavery. After the civil war, they were used to enact and expand Jim Crow laws that kept black people subjugated and oppressed. No matter what else changed this kind of baseless fearmongering reinforced racist policies and institutions. Though. It ratio of these vile stories differed in their particulars for over a thousand years they've demonized Volna rebel groups by using innocent children as sympathetic victims because society generally agrees across the board that crimes targeting children are senseless despicable. It's so outrageous. We don't even questioned whether these accusations are true by manipulating emotions. These stories twist the protective instincts parents into a tool for prejudice and violence. The specific group targeted by these myths always depends on the social environment of the time as the sixties turned into the seventies, a new group emerged as the target of collective fear and distrust unlike in the past the motivation for these fears seemed less rooted in hate and more anchored in a mystical paranoia. Conservative adults were frightened as they felt American culture changing and ultimately slipping out of their control. In those uncertain times they invented an enemy big enough to justify drastic action and reassert their dominance over the country. This time they blamed Satan himself. Up next the seeds of the Satanic, panic take. Root. Listeners I, ever surprising nutrient for you. You know you can find love and a bar or on an APP why not a podcast in blind dating the new spotify original from podcast we're expanding the places you can meet your match with a twist you'll never see coming. 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The one thousand nine, hundred, eighty s the satanic panic shook the United States to its core when accusations of the ritual sexual abuse of children flew in every direction. But the paranoia that spawned these claims began much earlier. The first time many Californians heard the term satanist may have been in one, thousand, nine, hundred, sixty, six when Anton levay founded the Church of Satan in San Francisco. But though his movement had a controversial name, it didn't inspire much outrage at first he only had a few hours most considered levay to be nothing more than a harmless crank for the rest of the country. Their first frightening introduction to Satanism came two years later in nineteen, sixty eight when the horror movie Rosemary's baby was released to critical and popular acclaim. Originally, a novel Rosemary's baby told the story of a secret group of cultists who arranged for an innocent woman to be impregnated with Satan's child. The next year in nineteen, sixty, nine levay published the Satanic Bible for him. Satan was not a physical creature with A. PITCHFORK and horns instead, he was a symbol of liberty and rebellion against a prudish controlling establishment in the first part of the book called Book of Satan levay wrote in this arid wilderness of steel and stone I raise up my voice that you may here to the east and to the West I, beckon to the north and to the south I show a sign proclaiming death to the weakling wealth to the strong. But the Satanic Bible wasn't as revolutionary or controversial as it pretended to be Lavar attacked the concepts of good and evil as well as organized religion, but his critiques weren't very original or shocking the book also. The philosophy of church which borrowed from or even plagiarized concepts from social darwinism along with the writings of Ragner redbeard in line Rand Levin also argued for a hedonistic lifestyle believing that it was human nature to give into lust greed and the individual ego hardly a shocking concept at the time indeed the only thing in the book that went beyond recycled philosophy was the final section there lasvegasmoneyresource instructions for various magic spells and invocations to the devil which looked a lot more frightening and impressive than they were because Levay did not actually believe in the supernatural these were meant to read as performance art pieces. Overall much if not all of the Satanic Bible. Was Derivative of other philosophies and debunked works of alleged black magic. Some purchase. The book has a novelty, but few gave it. Any credence for now levey was largely ignored, but it wasn't long before public interest in the occult grew beyond just a money making opportunity for Authors and movie studios. In August of nineteen, sixty, nine, the same year the Satanic Bible was published stories about depraved cults became gruesome reality that month Charles Manson and his Mahim Ian followers brutally. Murdered seven people in Los. Angeles, among the victims actress, Sharon Tate who was eight and a half months pregnant at the time of her death. Immediately, the Manson murders were sensational news around the country. All of a sudden reality was more terrifying than the bloodiest horror film and at the center of it. All was Charles. Manson. Almost overnight he became one of the world's most notorious villains evil in it. He was a genuine cult leader, a man who commanded his followers to murder innocent victims including an unborn baby in the service of. Dark mystical plan. His crimes were modern proof of the ancient horror stories about satanic child murderers. Tales of the attacks were further sensationalized morbidly fascinating the nation for years to come, and in many ways Manson's family played specifically to the paranoia of white suburban Americans that an evil force was coming to take their innocent children is violent cult was composed primarily of young middle class women who were drawn in by the hippie movement of the time. Every night, the news reported more about how the women were plied with LSD and Mesmerized by bizarre evil ideology following the murders. The truth about the cult emerged Manson told his followers that there was a secret coded message hidden in the Beatles white album according to him the lyrics of helter skelter foretold an upcoming apocalyptic race war for which he and his followers had to prepare. Soon, Manson wasn't described as a horrific isolated case his violence was conflated with anything and everything the news could link him to. In this environment of rising dread things like the Satanic Bible no longer seemed like harmless novelties instead of bit of spurious hedonistic nonsense depraved devil-worship suddenly seem like a real possibility. Charles Manson made America fear a new dimension of evil and everything he was associated with from rock music to the rise of hallucinogenic drug use were all loosely lumped under the same counterculture umbrella that led directly to Satan's doorstep. The Amorphous counterculture movement had been a favorite boogeyman of conservative adults for years. Young people throughout the country sought new experimental, more tolerant lifestyles. They also fiercely criticised the establishment and the ideal of the American dream this trend combined with the burgeoning civil rights and antiwar movements in the US. Made many feel that the country was under attack after years of worry the changing nation proved to them that their fears weren't unfounded. They were very real threats in the ice of these frightened parents they're growing children were poisoned by immorality and shortsightedness. There were plenty of potential scapegoats but after the Manson family murders, a huge portion of the blame fell on the era's popular music. In a fit of bizarre hypocrisy many into Manson's claims that satanic messages really were hiding on rock albums though they decried the cult leader as an evil liar, they cherry picked his claims that supported their fears into kind of dress rehearsal for the later satanic panic accusations. Baseless rumors were repeated ad nauseam until a sizable number of people in the US gave them. Credence people started playing albums backwards searching for hidden infernal messages in reality bands like the Beatles were experimenting with. Hiding Easter eggs in their music. For example, using back masking a technique in which sound is recorded backward onto a track. The Beatles had inserted a reverse lyric in their song rain. It just wasn't satanic though there were some legitimate instances of back masking not every rumor about it rang true when people found something they thought was demonic. They played it for their friends with ample encouragement. Even skeptics could be convinced that there were devilish words hidden in the meaningless reversed sounds. As it turns out the human mind has a natural tendency to search for patterns, images, and distinct words even where none exist this psychological phenomenon is known as Peres Dalia. Looking into the sky and comparing clouds to animals or spotting gnarled faces and tree trunks are examples of visual Parrado. But this can influence our perception when listening to music as well. We don't always simply here what has played to us instead, we hear what we want to psychologists Diana Deutsch discovered that by broadcasting the same sounds through two speakers at slightly different rhythms. Listeners could be tricked into believing that phantom words or phrases were being played. She also found that the words people heard depended greatly on their mindset and thoughts at the time of the experiment. However, most people trust their senses implicitly and don't know to expect psychological tricks of the mind so in. The nineteen seventies when fearful parents heard, what they thought were demonic voices in the music, their children listen to they panicked, and for those who lead the messages were there. It wasn't a stretch to assume that the backwards words were actually corrupting their children swaying them to the side of evil part of this paranoia can be explained by a long held misunderstanding about so-called subliminal messages starting in the nineteen forties and fifties. Companies tried inserting single frame advertisements in the midst of otherwise unrelated cartoons and movies even though the conscious mind couldn't proceed the brief. Flashes advertises hope that the unconscious would be persuaded to act on the ADS. Subsequent psychological studies have largely discredited the original theories behind subliminal messages in nineteen seventy five researchers determined that flashing the words Hershey's chocolate during a student lecture did not lead to a sudden craving for chocolate for example, even when chocolate samples were readily available, that isn't to say that subliminal messages are entirely mythical. However more recent research has suggested that they can impact a person's choices though the effect is more subtle than once believed either way the idea that backwards infernal slogans. Can infect a child's mind is completely unsubstantiated. Nevertheless, it was still a theory in the early nineteen seventies and into the eighties at the time, some social psychologists and doctors argued that the brain could unconsciously perceive and internalize the secret recordings but their statements were completely baseless. Even these learned researchers have been hoodwinked by their own fears and biases. Ultimately, the truth of the claims didn't matter to concerned parents they heard what they wanted to, and for a multitude of reasons they were already looking for an excuse to declare the counterculture movement tainted or immoral. Hysteria around subliminal messages shocking books like say Tannock Bible and horrific colts like Manson's justified prejudices that parents already held but more significantly, the rumors unified a number of disparate groups. Suddenly religious groups, conservatives who resisted the social change at the time and adults who were simply wary of drug use all had common ground. The evil behind the curtain was at last revealed and too many it. All made complete sense. The youth were just rebellious and there was nothing innocent about the shifting tide of popular culture. Everything was orchestrated by a single entity who pulled the strings in the darkness. Every moral failing could be attributed to Satan and only a strident unified moral police could stop him. To, some he was influencing the music that children listened to the films they watched or possibly encouraging the use of drugs like LSD others saw that the devil was drawing young people away from Christian churches or fueling the spread of eastern religions like Buddhism. Meanwhile, for those who feared cults and serial killers like Manson Satan was violent being who craved debauchery blood and human sacrifice to those who opposed the rising tide of political and social change. Satan was instead an insidious cultural force. A seductive whisper threatened the hegemony of White middle-class Christians in the United States. No matter what. A concerned parents biggest fear chances were it could be traced back to the counterculture and bus. Lucifer. The Devil was a vague enough concept that it accommodated Christians of all stripes and it provided paranoid suburbanites. The perfect excuse to interfere wherever they liked as Anton levay wrote in the nine satanic statements of the Satanic Bible Satan has been the best friend. The Church has ever had as he has kept it in business all these years, and even after millennia the dark Lord was still giving the fears about satanic messages. Infiltrating media soon spawned a cottage industry of Christian approved paraphernalia. As rhetoric about the dangers of the devil in popular music and media multiplied churches eagerly stepped in to fill the vacuum as Satan's eternal enemy many concerned citizens felt only their pastors could. Be trusted since people still needed entertainment they turn to their religion for a safe alternatives. Contemporary Christian music was born in the late sixties and seventies as artists worked to create songs of worship with instrumentation and melody that resembled the popular music of the time. It was giving the churches stamp of approval something that was safe for children of all ages meanwhile born again, Christians wrote inspirational books about their religious journeys and as the nineteen eighties dawned, Christian television shows aimed at children dominated the airwaves but even with the explosion of Christian media, some stood out from the pack like the work of. Cartoonist Jack Chick. By the nineteen seventies, chick published a slew of short comic strips designed to inform children about the devils devious ways, and to inoculate their young minds against unholy temptations. The comics were quick and easily digestible with expressive art and heavy-handed Christian themes. They were eventually translated into over one hundred languages making them a handy tool for missionaries seeking to proselytize overseas. But as his repertoire expanded into dozens and eventually hundreds of comics, the dark side of chicks Christianity reared its head chick promoted a literal interpretation of the Bible and didn't shy away from attacking those. He saw as enemies of Christ. His comics included racist sexist homophobic, and Anti Catholic tries that born satanic conspiracies and threatened his critics with the terminal damnation despite or perhaps because of their aggressive and bigoted language, the sales of chick comics flourished during the seventies they found a fertile audience among the rising numbers of conservative Christians in the US and abroad. Though they were ultimately just comic strips. They nonetheless captured the essence of many Christian churches at the time and it wasn't a message of love peace but rather a warning against evil and a call to arms chick spelled it out loud and clear Satan was responsible for corrupting every aspect of modern life and anyone who refuse to rise up against him was doomed to spend eternity in a lake of fire while chick spread the word that only aggressive Christianity. and moral policing could stand in the way of Satan popular media at the time continued to fuel the public's paranoia more and more people came to genuinely believed that the devil really was on their doorstep the news scared them their churches scared them even comic books spread the fear by the mid Nineteen Seventies. People had been bombarded with warnings about Satan for so long that they were just waiting for him to stick his flaming pitch for through our mail slot. They were on the edge of hysteria and all it would take to set them off. Was One little spark. When we return the first ritual murders and the truth about the devils shampoo. What would you do for? Love? How far would you go? From the producers of the hunting of Hill House comes the next installment in the Anthology series the haunting of blind manner, a gothic romance based on the Ghost Stories of Henry James. After an upstairs tragic death, a man hires a young American nanny to care for his orphaned niece and nephew. Still, all is not as it seems that the manner and centuries of dark secrets are waiting to be. Earth. BLIGH's residents have been scarred by loss and are haunted by mysterious past traumas, and while there's love in this house, it's tainted by obsession darkness and revenge. This season promises moments of suspense thriller and Horror At bly manner dead doesn't mean gone watched the hunting of blind manner October ninth only on Netflix. This episode is brought to you by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration? distracted. Driving is a serious problem on our roadways leading to the deaths of thousands of people and injuries in the hundreds of thousands each year. When you take your eyes off the road even for a second, it can be deadly not just for you but for others as well. It's important to know that forty eight states, Ban texting and driving. So distracted drivers are not only putting people at risk they're breaking the law. Look. It's dangerous to use your cell phone behind the wheel. It's why we have anti texting and driving laws. Remember is on the road hands on the wheel and my on driving. Remember you drive you taxed you pay. Now back to the story. During the nineteen seventies, the United States was gripped by widespread fear about demonic possession and the growing influence of the devil arising tide of moral outrage oversight Tannock imagery pop culture, as well as the highly publicized crimes of cults like the Manson Palley created a culture of paranoia. It seemed like people were more willing than ever to believe in baseless gossip and conspiracy theories especially if they played into their outlandish fears. So in Nineteen, seventy, five when a new crop of bizarre rumors spread across the nation people bought in. Dozens of mid Western rancher started reporting there. Cattle were being murdered and mutilated people suspected the devil worshippers were responsible. The cows were covered in small cuts which looked to be the work of a scalpel, a knife, or possibly some kind of ritualistic dagger cases of dead bovines popped up in Kansas Montana, and throughout the West and Midwest. Some of the animals had been mysteriously drained of their blood fueling wild conspiracy theories. It seemed like there had to be a paranormal explanation what else could account for. The fact that there were no animal tracks or footprints to be found around the animals corpses Shirley. An evil force was behind the deaths while some people blamed you up bows, government experiments or publicity hungry pranksters. The Satanic cult theory got most of the press armed citizen militias started guarding herds of Cadillac night and statewide scientific studies searched for the origin of the attacks but the results of. The investigations were what anyone expected. It turned out that most of the animals simply died of disease and other natural causes. Then small insects and other animals devoured their organs. The blood hadn't actually been drained at all. It just coagulated and thus didn't spill out of the tiny cuts made by the insects in the end ranchers were forced to confront the truth that these kinds of deaths. Have been occurring for years for decades dead Cadillac. These were considered normal casualties in fact, nothing about the incident was out of the ordinary and nothing had actually changed. But instead of accepting the truth, it spawned an even grander conspiracy now, not only did they believe that satanic cultists were slaughtering and drinking the blood of cows across the Midwest they wondered if evil people were covering it up. As, is often the case with conspiracy theories. The sensational press was aided by cynical profiteers clamoring to cash in on the drama. So, called cult experts and former Satan emerged from the woodwork eager to testify about the nature of demonic sacrifices. Even after multiple investigations failed to detect any foul play cranks and conman appeared on local news to spread misinformation about the cattle deaths, they fabricated elaborate and contradictory stories about how the supposed rituals were carried out and the profane tools. The cultists used to suck out the blood of the animals. These bogus cult experts didn't look for spots on the evening news. They also targeted churches and superstitious civilian watchdog organizations. All were eager to go into detail about their sorted satanic pasts and to warn the youth about the ever present Arcus for a price but the rumors about cultists ritually. Slaughtering cattle were just fueled by smooth-talking Synnex. They were spread by average people desperate to make sense of confusing world and there were certainly evil lurking in America at the time serial killers and even a few genuine depraved cults who committed a slew of horrific acts during the seventies and eighties. This mixture of sensationalize truth genuine mysteries misunderstood psychology and misleading conspiracy theories was difficult to sort through in some ways. It was similar to believe that a single overarching evil like the devil was deliberately pulling the strings unfortunately blaming Satan for all the world's problems allowed some bad actors to go overlooked. It also unjustly victimized innocent targets as time went on and militias stories multiplied they became even more outlandish. During the nineteen eighties the amorphous mob of conspiracy theorist, turn their sights toward one of the largest corporations in the US proctor and gamble best known for their head and shoulders. Shampoo proctor and gamble started receiving mounds of threatening letters from Anti. Satanists the messages claimed that procter and gamble's logo was the work of the Devil at the time the insignia consisted of a man's face in a moon next to thirteen stars, the stars were actually meant to represent the thirteen original American colonies but critics believed they were evidence that the company. itself with the Prince of darkness, the myth was based on a verse from the Bible Revelation Chapter Twelve verse one states, and there appeared a great wonder in heaven a woman clothed with the sun and the moon under her feet and upon her head, a crown of twelve stars. The letter writers alleged that the logo made a mockery of that verse and was thus Satanic. They also claimed that the devils. Number six, six, six could be made if you drew lines between the stars according to conspirists that meant that proctor and gamble had signed a pact with Satan some even alleged that the company sent money to the Church of Satan, the allegations were primarily spread by a pamphlets passed out by Evangelical Churches in shopping center parking lots concerned citizens inform their neighbors that they were washing their hair with the devil shampoo. As absurd as the story was, it resulted in a genuine headache for proctor and gamble some retailers caped public pressure and stopped carrying their products in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, two, the company received more than three thousand letters a week complaining about Satanic Imagery. So they hired four full time employees who were solely devoted to answering every message every year it seemed the rumors became wilder finally in nineteen, eighty, five proctor and gamble changed their logo to quell the outrage once and for all though it may have stopped some of the criticisms moves. Like these only legitimized the absurd accusations in the minds of conspiracy theorists and the more anti satanist felt that their claims were validated the more they loaded the powder keg for the future panic. Later, our satanic panic special will explore exactly what happened when it did. But for now, remember people have been flooded with propaganda from all sides about the contrived threat of Satanism for years it was an environment were extremely vocal group of people legitimately believed they were fighting an eternal war with the devil there were no rules, but there would be casualties. Thanks again for tuning into our satanic panic special, we'll be back with part two of our cults and serial killers. Crossover event will explore the real and terrifying serial killers that fueled the satanic panic for more information on the history of the satanic panic amongst the many sources we used we found Geoffrey. Vickers, Article Satanic cult rumors as contemporary legend. Extremely. Helpful. To our research, you can find more episodes of serial killers, cults, and all other spotify rituals from podcast for free on spotify not only does spotify already have all of your favorite music but now spotify is making it easy for you to enjoy all of your favorite originals from podcast like serial killers and colts for free from your phone desktop or smart speaker. Next time serial killers colts were created by Max Cotler and our podcast studios originals executive producers include Max and Ron Cutler sound designed by Russell Mash with production assistance by Ron Shapiro Carly Madden, and Joshua Kern. This episode was written by Terrel, wells with Writing Assistance Bhai, Abigail Cannon and Stars Greg Poulsen, and Vanessa Richardson. Hey listeners don't forget to follow blind dating for a fun twist on a classic setup, Youtuber and host tear Michelle can't wait to help hopeful singles meet their match search, blind dating and follow free on spotify or wherever you get your podcasts.