Confederate Gold


The. Hi, everyone, Richard. And I are happy to tell you about an unbelievable new show from par cast. It's called crimes of passion, and it analyzes the relationship, dynamics and psychology that lead to trail crimes and even murder. Stay tuned after this show and will play a clip of the first episode on the deaths of Edwin and Wilma Hoyt whose dismembered bodies were found floating on the surface of lake to listen to the full first episode. Subscribe to crimes of passion wherever you listen to podcasts. New episodes come out every Wednesday in April of eighteen sixty five the civil war had all but ended confederate. General Robert Lee was preparing to formally surrender the bulk of the confederate army to Ulysses s grant union forces were advancing into the southern states reclaiming the failed nation for the United States of America confederate. President Jefferson Davis received word that a union battalion was on route to capture the confederate capital city of Richmond Virginia as the city burned. Davis fled with the members of his cabinet. The group took with them a massive cache of gold, reportedly all that was left of the confederate treasury. The treasure is likely valued at millions of dollars in today's currency though. The exact value has been debated by historians. But what is known is this when Davis and the rest of his cabinet were captured in may of eighteen sixty five the treasure that they had on them with seized insent north it never reached its destination. There are numerous rumors as to wear all that treasure ended up over the past one hundred fifty years treasure, hunters and historians have looked all over the United States for the missing gold. And yet after all this time the confederate gold has. Alluded all efforts to find it. It's a true American treasure hunt. Hi, I'm Molly. And I'm Richard welcome to gone on the par cast network. Every other Monday, we examined mysterious disappearances and theories, they spawned from the amber room to Michael Rockefeller, Picasso paintings to the trust in language. The Roanoke colony to the lost Russian cosmonauts if it's gone. We're looking for it at par cast. We're grateful for you our listeners you allow us to do what we love let us know how we're doing reach out on Facebook and Instagram at par cast and Twitter at par cast network. And if you enjoy today's episode the best way to help us is to leave a five star review wherever you're listening. It really does help us. We also now have merch head to cast dot com slash merch. For more information. You can find previous episodes as well as par casts. Other podcasts on your favorite. Cast directory. In this episode were looking into the confederate goal that reportedly vanished in eighteen sixty five as the remnants of the confederate government tried to avoid capture. This treasure is commonly referred to as confederate gold. However, this treasure was more of a myriad of precious metals. In addition to gold, the cash also included Mexican silver dollars and valuable jewelry. However, for consistency sake will refer to the treasure as the confederate gold for the duration of this episode. The treasure has become a recurring plot device in adventure novels and films the myth of this confederate. Gold has long overshadowed the real historical story in this episode. We're going to examine the historical events that led Jefferson Davis to flee Richmond. With the treasure on that fateful night in eighteen sixty five then will examine the most likely. Theories as to where the treasure ended up as is the case with most missing treasure, their dozens of reported locations with the gold is suspected to have been hidden for this episode. We're looking at the possibilities that are most supported by historical facts. The first theory is that the bulk of the treasure was stolen by outlaws most likely deserters from the confederate army who buried the gold somewhere in the southern United States. The second theory is that the gold was actually stolen by union troops who are tasked with transporting it back to Washington DC. Instead the soldiers smuggled the gold north all the way to Lake Michigan where it sunk and still remains to this day. Our third theory is that there is no hidden treasure. The legend grew out of rumors and hearsay surrounding the end of the confederacy. And that story has persisted to this day. Thanks to conspiracy theories and sensationalism given the hindsight of history. It can be easy to forget. How complicated the civil war. Actually was it's not a stretch to say that the confederate states of America were doomed from the start. It's probably a good thing that seceding from the United States to form a separate nation is pretty hard to do even after the southern states ceded, the remaining United States where military and economic force to be reckoned with there were a number of issues that led to the civil war, including economics states rights against the federal government and the enmity between the northern and southern states just to name a few. But the single main cause of the war was slavery. There were only thirty three ratified states in eighteen sixty as the United States spread across the western frontier. The US congress ran into a problem abolitionist them the movement to abolish slavery had been present in America since the country was founded in seventeen seventy six. For the entirety of the country's history. The southern states had affectively banded together. In congress to vote down any movement to end slavery on a national level. But the southern leaders couldn't stop individual states from ending slavery within their own borders. Every new state that entered the union got to choose whether it would be a Free State or a slave state by the eighteen forties. There was a chance that the anti-slavery. Congressman might outnumber the pro slavery ones if that happened the south might not have been able to stop a national abolition of slavery. The south responded by forcing protection measures, including legislation which stated that for every Free State admitted to the union, a corresponding slave state must also be admitted. So that the balance was maintained, but by eighteen sixty compromise between the two sides seemed like an impossible dream with the eighteen six. The election. It was becoming painfully clear that the issue of slavery. It was not going to go away peacefully, although ABRAHAM LINCOLN did not seek to abolish slavery in the south as part of his political platform. He did want to restrict it spread to new states, and the southern leadership made it clear that they would vote to secede. If Lincoln was elected the question of succession was complicated at face value. A single state breaking free of the United States was illegal and unconstitutional. However, considering that the original thirteen colonies broke free from Britain to rebel against an oppressive regime. The southern states felt that they were just honoring history Lincoln was elected and the southern states led by South Carolina voted to succeed beginning in December of eighteen sixty by March of eighteen sixty one South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas. And Alabama officially formed the confederate states of America. The war officially began with the battle of fort Sumter on April twelfth eighteen sixty one the first of many vital tasks for the nation was to establish leadership shortly after the formation of the confederacy former Mississippi Senator Jefferson Davis was elected as the country's first president. He would also be the nation's only president Davis was a popular choice in eighteen sixty one because of this pro slavery politics and his stance on states rights. However, his appointment would ultimately do more harm than good. His blunders, particularly in the matters of military and economic decisions would contribute to the confederacies downfall. That isn't to say that the rogue nations quick demise was entirely Davis's fault. The reality is that there was no realistic chance. The confederacy would win the war in. Head on military battle war is expensive and complicated. Especially when you're also trying to establish a new country, the confederacies simply lack the necessary manpower leadership and finances to combat the more organized union forces. Before the confederacy was even one year old Davis was forced to declare martial law and enforce a draft of all able bodied men to fight in the war, though, the confederacy boasted some of the more accomplished military officers in the United States at the time. It was lacking for infantrymen the confederate government was no more organized given that the rogue nation was formed in large part because state leaders didn't want to submit to a federal government. Davis had trouble commanding his own cabinet. This is significant mostly because it meant that the confederacy never got its finances into decent shape. Previously. The southern states had largely relied on farming and the production of raw resources like cotton as a benchmark of their economy. These resources had to be sent north where the factories were in order to be turned into useful materials since the south was now at war with the north. They no longer had access to the industrial facilities that. Were required to produce weapons and war supplies from the outset. The confederacy was outgunned. Additionally, they had few options for trading. Most nations didn't recognize the legitimacy of the confederacy. And thus the newly established confederate currency was useless almost everywhere as such the confederacy did everything it could to consolidate more universal currency such as gold and silver in the later years of the war, the confederate government even confiscated jewelry and other valuables in order to combat it's growing financial crisis. This was all held in the confederate capital city of Richmond. Virginia all of these efforts to bolster the confederate states of America were futile as we said, the southern states had little chance against the more organized. Well supplied union army. This is where the confederacy was in eighteen sixty five outmanned poorly supplied and in possess. Session of a rapidly dwindling supply of money as union forces scored victory after victory Jefferson. Davis was attending church on April second eighteen sixty five when he received word from general, Robert E Lee, the message was simple Richmond must be evacuated and the confederate government must flee. If the nation was to survive the night Davis ordered confederate troops to set. Richmond ablaze said that the advancing union army would not the able to make use of any supplies. They found within the city, then he ordered the full contents of the treasury loaded onto train cars in preparation for departure. We should state here that the exact amount and value of this treasure has long been disputed naturally. It's impossible to confirm since the treasure has yet to be found, but the general account states that the bulk of the treasure consisted of gold, silver and bullion valued at around. Around five hundred thousand dollars. Additionally, there were millions of dollars in confederate currency, though, as we've said, it was generally useless. Finally, the troops loaded up the seized assets from a number of Richmond's private banks, which added another four hundred and fifty thousand dollars value. The treasure was split up a number of times during the journey, and we can't account for every individual crater barrel that might have been misplaced by confederate soldiers, but we can track the journey of the bulk of the goal to appoint Jefferson's initial plan had been to flee south and use the funds from the treasure to establish a new base to continue the war effort. However, the plan quickly unravelled the convoy reached the end of the train line in danville Virginia, and the party was forced to carry what they could on horseback before the treasure had been consolidated to a single train car. But now it was being spread out among. The numerous men, horses and mules. Additionally, the soldiers with Jefferson were growing restless, they hadn't been paid. And as a union victory seemed more and more inevitable. They started to grumble about whether what they were doing was really worth it. The confederate leaders were forced to use part of the treasure to pay for their own military detail, Jefferson, eventually split the treasure up the money taken from the Richmond banks was placed in a vault in the city. The rest of the treasury money was assigned to confederate secretary of war. John breckenridge. Most of the confederate cabinet was captured in the city of Washington Georgia in may of eighteen sixty five Davis was captured just days later union. Soldiers recovered, the Richmond Bank money, but the rest of the treasure was missing. There are two main reasons that it's so difficult to track. What happened all of this treasure? The first is that the treasure was large but easily split up into small. Containers. The treasure dwindled and fractured as it moves south, and thus it became harder and harder to track where every single cent ended up the second. More concrete reason is that there's not a lot of hard documentation from this particular period in early may of eighteen sixty five the confederate cabinet burned. Most of their government documents which included treasury slips the goal in doing. This was to prevent union troops from finding out about the treasure that Jefferson Davis had sent away. Unfortunately, it also makes it hard for modern historians to find out what really happened to the mounds of gold that for all we know could still be out there somewhere waiting to be discovered. We'll dive into the main theories as to what happened to the confederate gold right after this. Do you want counseling, but don't know how to get started? Or where to look if this sounds like you, the easiest thing to do is to reach out to better. Help bitter. Help provides online counseling with licensed professional counselors, who specialize in everything from depression stress and anxiety to anger relationships. LGBT matters and more you can speak to your counselor through four different communication modes. Taxed chat phone and video and anything. You share is confidential. There are so many advantages to online counseling, you don't have to leave your home. You don't have to worry about the weather or parking. You don't need to worry about what to wear you can get help on your own time and at your own pace. Best of all, it's a truly affordable option gone listeners. Get ten percent off your first month with discount code gone. So why not get started today? Go to better help dot com slash. Gun simply fill out a questionnaire to help them assess your needs and get matched with a counselor. You'll love that's better. Help dot com slash gun. Now back to the story. In eighteen sixty five a large sum of gold and precious metals with since south from Richmond Virginia in an effort to preserve the confederate states of America. When the caravan was captured along with most of the confederate cabinet a large chunk of the gold was missing one thing to note about our first two theories is that they're not mutually exclusive since we know the treasure was likely split up among various parties, it's possible that what remains of the gold is in separate locations across the United States recall that the treasure which set out from Richmond Virginia was made of two distinct sums the approximately five hundred thousand dollars of gold, silver and jewelry and an additional four hundred and fifty thousand dollars in gold and silver coins seized from the private banks of Richmond. This may surprise you when most people discuss confederate gold, they're actually referring to the money from the Richmond banks. We'll. Discuss the fate of the actual confederate treasure soon. But our first theory contends that a large sum of the treasure was buried somewhere in Georgia by robbers who stole the gold from the union forces that were returning north. Here's what we do. Now. As far as our first theory is concerned on may fourth eighteen sixty five Jefferson Davis signed the order that officially dissolved the confederate states of America. The next day union troops captured the city and the gold and silver from the Richmond banks. There was some debate. Among the union leaders as to what to do with the four hundred fifty thousand taken from the Richmond banks, the owners of the banks had been complicit with the confederacy. After all ultimately, the decision was made that the money should be returned on may twenty four th eighteen sixty five a small contingent of union soldiers guiding five wagons loaded with Bank assets departed Georgia for. Richmond. If you've ever seen a western movie, you can guess what happened next. The caravan was hit in the middle of the night by gang of robbers more likely than not had been informed of the treasure. The thieves made off with everything they could carry over two hundred ninety thousand dollars worth of treasure in all the remaining funds did make it to Richmond. But the now ex confederate leaders there were in about to let some deserters make off like bandits the money from the Richmond banks would prove useful to the southern reconstruction. So general Edward Alexander put together a posse and went after the thieves when all is said and done dozens of men were dead and Alexander's outfit had recovered about one hundred and ten thousand dollars leaving one hundred eighty thousands still unaccounted for that money, which would amount to over three million dollars. Today has never been found American forces made efforts during the reconstruction to recover the stolen fund. Ends. But nothing ever came of them. What's most likely is that the thieves spent the remainder of the stolen gold in such a way that didn't draw attention? The southern United States was in bad shape, following the civil war. So it's entirely plausible that the men just kept their heads down and spend a little bit at a time until the loot was all gone, however, cultural interest in the gold has led to additional theories that while not exactly likely do warrant examination. The best example of this is the nineteen seventy five book Snow White sands by Martha Meisel Puckett. The book is a history of Georgia through the civil war and one of its most notable chapters concerns, the missing confederate gold Puckett points to the case of so Vassar Mumford a wealthy Georgia merchant who allegedly was present at Jefferson Davis final cabinet meeting Mumford. A diehard confederate loyalist had been part of the plan to rob the union caravan. On and retake the Richmond Bank funds after recovering the money. Mumford. Put it to work Georgia was a farming state and much of its fertile farmland had been destroyed by union forces during the war, Mumford used the stolen treasure to order vast amounts of corn seed from South America in order to help restart. Georgia's farming economy. When Mumford died his daughter used her large inheritance to open an orphanage and provide scholarships for children in need much of the evidence of Mumford involvement in the story is that by all accounts, his own plantations had been destroyed during the war and few historians can account for his maintained wealth during and after the conflict that said there's not much here in terms of hard proof. Besides the notable coincidence. Mumford could be the embodiment of the theory that the gold simply never left Georgia, and that's in tireless possible. But according to our second theory, the gold did make it out of the south to the northernmost reaches of the United States. Our second theory concerns, what is likely the most popular belief regarding the missing confederate gold, it states that a big part of the treasure was smuggled to Michigan while crossing Lake Michigan into Canada a boxcar containing the treasure was dropped overboard. And the gold is still at the bottom of the lake. The legend of the missing confederate gold has seen a resurgence of public interest in recent years, this is largely due to a documentary series that aired on the history channel in early two thousand eighteen it was titled the curse of the civil war gold, and it follows mardi la- Geena and his team search for confederate gold at the bottom of Lake Michigan. So how on earth could confederate gold make it from Georgia to Michigan? Without anyone knowing about it recall that union troops were tasked with transporting the Richmond Bank funds back north to Richmond. According to this story. There was more than one northern outfit tasked with transport. Eating the captured money the documentary series states that this gold was taken from Jefferson Davis when he was captured on may tenth eighteen sixty five as we've said, it's hard to keep track of the differing amounts of money that the confederacy made off with while we have a general guesses to how much money made up the initial amount of the treasure it's entirely possible that the numbers were fabricated in order to hide some of the treasure or seeing that in any theory. It's nearly impossible to state how much treasure there actually was or where it came from. But this particular theory maintains that a group of union soldiers all from Michigan found a cache of confederate gold among Jefferson, Davis's, personal effects and conspired to smuggle at north to keep for themselves. The men were attempting to move the gold in a bucks car across Lake Michigan to smuggle into Canada. The weather was bad. The crew were forced to dump the boxcar overboard in order to save the ship from sinking. That treasure has remained at the bottom of Lake Michigan ever since a number of recent finds seemed to help corroborate this story. The first confirmation is a deathbed confession made to the grandfather of one. Kevin Dykstra treasure hunter featured in the history channel docu series. The confession came from George Alexander, Abbott. A lighthouse keeper who in nineteen twenty one admitted to being one of the union soldiers who stole the gold and smuggled it to Michigan. He stated that the gold was lost and Lake Michigan. And then it's still there the words of one man almost a hundred years ago might not seem like much to go on. But as the story was passed down. It started to generate interest in Lake Michigan as a potential site of missing treasure. Ultimately the documentary series doesn't end with the discovery of the long lost gold. If the treasure really is down there it makes for a fantastic story. But there's a few notable discrepancies in this theory, the curse of the civil war. Gold claims that the treasure hidden at the bottom of Lake Michigan was approximately two million in gold, bullion or bars. This would make the Lake Michigan treasure by far the largest amount of gold to be associated with the confederate treasure that left Richmond. The counts we've read put the confederate gold at around five hundred thousand dollars plus the additional four hundred and fifty thousand in Richmond, Bank funds. So for this theory to be true. It would mean that the single amount stolen by the Michigan union troops was worth double that of the entire rest of the total treasure. This account is further contradicted by numerous sources that state Jefferson. Davis took only thirty five thousand dollars worth of gold. For himself when he fled Georgia, still Jefferson. Davis was not a good person. It's certainly possible. He withheld a huge sum of treasure for himself before he abandoned his cabinet and his army to save his own life. As we've said there are enough discrepancies in this story to make any claim as to the real value of the treasure dubious at best given that there's not much else in terms of proof that the gold ever made it to Michigan. We have to say this theory warrants. A little more skepticism still if we've learned anything from our look into the subject, it's that the treasure could be almost anywhere. But what if it's nowhere as in? What if the legend of this confederate gold has only grown so large because it's covering up the truth? The treasure was lost long ago. Coming up we'll cover that very idea in our next theory. Love is patient. Love is kind. But sometimes love is deadly some couples may appear happy, but things may be different behind closed doors every week par. Cast new podcast crimes of passion. Analyzes, the relationship, dynamics and psychology that lead to trail crimes and even murder. You can listen to the first episode on the deaths of Edwin and Wilma Hoyt right now and look for upcoming episodes on the Raina Bobbitt, Amy Fisher, and Joey buttafuoco and the boyfriend killer. Jodi, Arias listen to crimes of passion. And find out what happens when true love meets true crime, new episodes, come out every Wednesday search for and subscribe to crimes of passion. Wherever you listen to podcasts. Again, search crimes of passion or visit par cast dot com slash passion to listen now. Now back to the story in eighteen sixty five a cache of confederate treasure was lost. Amidst the chaos at the end of the civil war. The location of the treasure has been theorized to be everywhere from buried in Georgia to the bottom of Lake Michigan stories of missing treasure tend to stick with us because there's always a chance someone could still find it. If it still exists are third and most anticlimactic theory is that there is no treasure what remained of the confederate treasury with quickly spent away in the weeks and months following the war and only legends and fictionalized accounts. Have kept the myth of the confederate gold alive for this long. The challenge of locating. The treasure has always been wrapped up in the value of the treasure. That was taken from Richmond in eighteen sixty five the most thorough sources put the number at around five hundred thousand in gold and precious metals though, there long has been speculation. That the real value of the treasure was much higher. The union government actually helped perpetuate this rumor northern leaders likely hadn't realized how dire the financial situation of the confederacy was in eighteen sixty five as union forces began, capturing more and more confederate strongholds the union leadership. Started to put the word out about the missing funds from the confederate treasury the union soldiers were not finding much gold when they captured fortresses, and they didn't believe that was all there was it seemed to them that the confederacy was hiding large sums of money. The real value of the confederate treasury was likely on the smaller side for all the reasons we've mentioned the confederacy had been hemorrhaging money in its efforts to raise an army strong enough to fight off the north. If we accept that the confederate leadership really was only carrying five hundred thousand and personal assets. When they fled Richmond in April of eighteen sixty five. It actually becomes a little simpler to figure out what happened right from the start. There's a recorded loss. We know that Jefferson Davis fled with his party and the treasure on April. Second eighteen sixty five however on April sixth a man named Walter Philbrick made a tally of the treasure and came up nearly two hundred thousand dollars short the reason for the discrepancy was due to fifty barrels of Mexican silver coins? Valued at four thousand dollars a piece these barrels seemed to vanished at some point between April second when the treasury left Richmond and the April sixth tally. It's unknown. Why the barrels were separated from the rest of the treasure and speculation exists to this day that the silver is buried somewhere in danville Virginia where Philbrick made the tally. It's also possible that the silver was tallied in Richmond. But never made it onto the initial train out of town historians, generally agree that the silver. Was intended to pay the soldiers general Lee's army which at that time had been set to catch up with Davis and the rest of the confederate leaders. It could have been left behind in danville for Lee to recover on his March. If so the silver would have likely been confiscated by union troops, so already the value of the confederate treasure is down from five hundred thousand to just over three hundred thousand in four days. As the fall of the confederacy became more and more evident soldiers in the confederate army were left wondering what they were still fighting for to that end. It was vital that the confederate leadership keep their men paid to avoid a mutiny on April seventh as the convoy passed through North Carolina. There's a record of thirty nine thousand dollar payment to one general Johnson and his men. This battalion had not surrendered and would likely be needed to blockade any union forces pursuing Davis. It was not money. Well, spent Johnson and his men surrendered just over two weeks later. So now of that original some of five hundred thousand Davis had less than three hundred thousand and we've only covered the major deductions. The treasury money would have been called upon to pay for food and transportation for the entire group as it continued its journey south. It took nearly a month for the party. To reach its destination, Washington, Georgia. They're the confederate leadership was faced with the growing problem of troop disatisfaction, the men had been marching for weeks, and too many of them the writing was on the wall, they knew they would not be paid. If the remainder of the treasury money was captured by union forces John Breckenridge, the confederate secretary of war had no choice, but to pay each of the men twenty six dollars for a total cost of over one hundred thousand dollars when Jefferson Davis fled Washington. He was reportedly given thirty five thousand in gold to both support himself. And if the chance came oversee a resurgent confederacy by this point, the confederacy had been dissolved, and it was left to the cabinet to disperse the remainder of the treasure after payments to some of the cabinet members and additional expenses. The confederate treasure would have amounted to less than one hundred thousand dollars the rate at which the. Confederate treasury dwindled after Jefferson Davis fled Richmond is concerning and certainly raises the possibility that the rest of the money was spent as well. The final piece of the story that confirms this particular theory concerns one James a simple, according to one account, captain occasion, Clark was the last man to be made responsible for the confederate treasury before it was captured by the union army. It was Clark who oversaw the dispersal of what remained of the treasure. When all the expenses were paid Clark was left with a surplus of eighty six thousand dollars. He presented this to navy. Lieutenant James simple Clark ordered simple to hide the money and smuggle at south to savannah from their Clark had made arrangements for the goal to be shipped to England where it would be deposited in a Bank account and await the day that the confederacy would rise again, simple was partnered with another officer Edward Tidball. The two men didn't even make it halfway to savannah in the city of Augusta just fifty miles from where they said off simple and Tidball met up with another man, William Howell. We don't know why. But it was here that simple chose to abandon the mission. Perhaps by then it was so clear that the confederacy had been defeated and would never rise again that simple and Tidball didn't see the point in sending some perfectly useful gold off to in some English Bank for eternity Tidball in Howell. Both used their cats to start new lives for themselves and live out their days in comfort, but simples actions warrant further investigation, simple, laid low for the next few months. He was definitely wanted by union thirties who by then knew he had made off with some of the treasury money. Additionally, it was likely he was also being hunted by ex confederate bounty hunters after Clark learned that the money had never made it to England when. Simple showed up back on the radar in eighteen sixty six he had hatched a plan to potentially save. The south simple aim to use his gold to push the United States into a war with Britain. He figured that. The north would need the help of the southern states in the event of such a war. And thus the northern forces would be forced to concede. Some of the harsher conditions of reconstruction. Simple became involved with the Phoenicians a precursor to the Irish Republican Army. The Phoenicians aim to push the British out of Ireland and had set a basis in the United States where they could plan without fear of being captured simple knew that the British government was not happy that the American government was doing little to stop the Phoenix from scheming against them. The fact that the US had just concluded a civil war and was currently in the slow painful process of rebuilding itself as a nation didn't really register with the British. Simples plan was to use his gold to fund the Fenian movement's raising awareness across America, and gaining followers. If he could get enough Americans to support Irish liberation then perhaps eventually Britain would declare war on America. Then his master plan would go into effect. This plan didn't work what a shock simple gave up on the Fenian plot after he had invested most of his gold. He died in eighteen eighty three with little to his name. The simple stories seems to confirm what became of the last of the confederate treasure. Well, as we've stated it's certainly possible that there was more treasure that left Richmond. And that additional treasure did make its way to Michigan or Georgia, or wherever it really seems most likely that the majority of the confederate treasury was spent on efforts to keep the confederacy itself alive while we still can't account for the one hundred eighty thousand dollars worth of Richmond, Bank, money stolen, from union troops. It seems just as likely that the gold was quietly spent until there was nothing left the final question. Then is that given all we know about what really became of the confederate treasure. Why is there still so much speculation that it still out there? The obvious answer is the missing one hundred eighty thousand dollars that was stolen by robbers and never recovered. Furthermore, there was so much gold being moved around. In this time that it has always been impossible to state how much there was. Meaning no matter how much is accounted for. There can always be more the potential existence of the treasure carries with it a cultural importance. It's not controversial to state that many who lived in the southern United States following the civil war considered themselves to be a part of the confederate states of America. Even after the confederate states were retaken by the union. The legend of the treasure shows, a cultural longing a fantasy of some lost amount of gold that might have been used to give rise to a new confederacy. Even as the civil war became a memory, the legend of the treasure persisted. This was enhanced by the gold's prevalence in popular culture. It is appeared in comic books western films, including the good the bad and the ugly, and the Clive customer novel Sahara, which was adapted into a film of the same name. Name. Why such a cultural obsession, perhaps it has something to do with the promise of sudden riches, the reality of treasure hunting is that you rarely get to keep all of what you find most nations, including the United States have laws governing. What can and can't be kept by the finder? Even if you do find treasure the country of origin for that treasure can claim part or most of it as historical property, but confederate treasure is different. There is no confederate government in existence. And thus there is no one to lay claim to any confederate gold that might be found. It makes sense and the sheer number of questions about the treasures whereabouts. Ensure that people will still continue to search for it for some time. However, we believe that the third theory is the most valid the confederate treasury was already poultry when Jefferson Davis fled Richmond. It seems most likely that he space. Meant what he needed to just keep the confederate government alive, and what was left with squandered by James simple. It's not the most exciting conclusion. But then again, it's better than scouring the bottom of a leg for treasure. That simply isn't there? Thanks again for tuning into gone. We'll be back in two weeks with another episode. You can find more episodes of gone as well as all of par casts. Other podcasts on apple podcasts. Spotify Stitcher, Google play or your favorite podcast directory. Several of you have asked how to help us if you enjoy the show the best way to help us is to leave a five star review. And don't forget to follow us on Facebook and Instagram at par cast and Twitter at parkas network will see next time gone was created. By max Cutler is a production of Cutler media and is part of the park cast network. It is produced by Maxon Ron Cutler sound design by Paul liba skinned with production assistance by Ron Shapiro. Paul Moller, Maggie admire and Carly Madden. Gone is written by Colin McLaughlin, and stars. Molly Brandenburg, and Richard Russ ner. And here it is a clip of the first episode of crimes of passion. It's about the murder of Edwin and Wilma Hoyt to hear the full. I episode subscribe to crimes of passion. Wherever you listen to podcasts due to the graphic nature of this couple's crimes. Listener discretion is advised. This episode includes discussions of sexual situations that some people may find offensive we advise extreme caution for children under the age of thirteen. Before k could pull back the blanket for her daughters. They had already scrambled onto the huge mattress bouncing with glee sleeping over at someone else's house felt like a special treat like they were on vacation and staying at a hotel K encourage the fantasy if she didn't want the girl's father to notice they'd been at her boyfriend's house K settled the girls in for the night tucking them snugly under the blanket, sleep tight. Don't let the bed bugs bite. She gave them each kiss. Then turned off the light before she closed the door. She reminded the girls they weren't allowed to come out of the room until morning mommy's friends needed quiet time, and she trusted the girls to behave. They promised she blew them each another kiss and shut them in for the night k- climb the creaking basement steps to the main floor. She shut the door at the. Atop the stairs. And locked it. No interruptions, when she reached the master bedroom. K was humming. With anticipation inside the man, she loved waited for her. Well, him and his wife while tonight was a Coleman nation of weeks of planning. It would also Mark the beginning of a relationship that would change case life forever. A tryst that would turn deadly. Hi, I'm Lena Hobbs. And this is our new podcast crimes of passion on the park has network. The legal definition of a crime of passion is a murder that occurs in the throes extreme emotion, leaving no time to reflect on the consequences. But in this show, we explore passionate crimes. How does a marriage progress from husband and wife to killer and victim or killer and co conspirator if there's a thin line between love and hate what manipulates our relationships into deadly results. At park cast. We are grateful for you our listeners you allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we are doing reach out on Facebook and Instagram at par cast and Twitter at park network. And if you enjoy today's episode the best way to help us is to leave a five star review wherever you are listening. It really does help us. We also now have merch head of parkas dot com slash merch. For more information. Herald, and INA Nokes lived a typical small town existence in mccook, Nebraska, breezing their children and running a cafe in their mid forties. They started an unconventional relationship with twenty nine year old k wait Hein that eventually turned deadly. In this episode will probe the nurses relationship with Kay, how it developed and leader devolved next week will explore the aftermath of murder the investigation and the consequences. When herald married INA an April nineteen Forty-six. Neither of them had graduated yet from cook high school in Brassica eighteen year old herald was still a month shy of earning. His diploma INA sixteen and pregnant when dropout and never finish herald was tall athletic and high school basketball player with thick black hair. Although known to be reserved he was hard working and while liked while herald stood over six feet tall came in just under five classmates said that e had pursued herald all through high school speculating that she'd probably had her sights set on marriage all along they welcome to baby girl in December of nineteen forty six heralds decision to stand by EMA Mary her and raise a family at such a young age was an early testament of his loyalty to her the young couple moved. Denver Colorado after the birth. They had both spent the entirety of their lives in Brassica and move their little family west to find new opportunities, but they didn't adjust well to life in a big city after only three months, they returned to Nebraska in nineteen forty seven herald an Email were well suited for each other enjoying boating camping and hunting together was an expert shot in particular said to be able to shoot the eye out of a hawk. The family welcomed another child in nineteen fifty when Eno was twenty and herald twenty two the couple Ranna cafe in mccook Nebraska until they sold it in nineteen fifty nine herald went on to work for the Nebraska department of roads leading a crew of men responsible for repair and maintenance of the roads bridges rest areas and road signs in mccook and the surrounding areas it was through this position than in nineteen sixty eight he was introduced to Wayne Hine and eventually Dwayne wife Kay, Hoyt Hein. K white hind was born in nineteen forty three. The middle daughter of five children. She was heavily doted upon by her parents, Edwin and Wilma and could do no wrong in their eyes. According to James Hewitt's book on the notices in cold storage case siblings labeled her as manipulative able to work her parents from young age whenever it was case turn to dry the dishes. She was attacked by sneezing fits unable to continue the chore, even though she had no documented allergies Wilma would swoop in an excuse K taking over the drying for her just to note before we continue. I am not a license I interest or psychologist, but I have done a lot of research for the show psychologist Carl pick heart author of surviving your child at a leci- would classify case behavior as manipulative he posits that has children. Age manipulation of parental authority through lying. Pretense and pressuring becomes more common faced with the child's tantrum. The parent feels regret or remorse for saying. No or simply seeks relief from the emotional intensity and so- relents. Keanu from young age what buttons to push in her parents to receive whatever she desired like herald in ENA K weight and her future husband, Wayne Hein were high school sweethearts named the Kenyan Queen of hearts at the Valentine's dance. Their senior year in nineteen sixty one doing was a star athlete in high school and described by a classmate as one of the nicest most decent guys I have ever known. They were married in nineteen sixty one soon after graduating from high school and had two daughters Brinda and Angela, but their relationship changed over the course of their marriage, K, constantly, belittled. Her husband those familiar with a couple agreed. Dwayne was a good husband and father deserving better treatment than he received from his wife Kay was opened with her complaints about d'alene telling several friends that he made no effort to accommodate her. Sexual needs into sires. She felt he was more interested in his own outdoor hobbies than spending any time with her case criticisms of her husband as well as the treatment of her parents might indicate some narcissistic tendencies on her part. According to Darlene Lancer, an expert on toxic relationships common forms of narcissistic abuse against loved ones include verbal abuse such as belittling or bullying as well as manipulation. People with narcissistic personality disorder, commonly have a sense of entitlement and require excessive admiration from those around them in case mine doing wasn't doing enough to reinforce her happiness, and that should have been his priority above all else. Just like our parents. In nineteen sixty eight twenty five year old Dwayne took a labor job on a road, maintenance crew and mccook Nebraska. Introducing him to Harold Nokes despite their fifteen year age difference, the men had similar interests and became close friends. Introducing their wives socially twenty five year old k and thirty nine year old also connected. The both worked in downtown mccook and would often have lunch together. The couple started going out to dinner and dancing as well as taking camping trips K was never much of an outdoors woman. But she tolerated. These excursions to be closer to herald Nokes, she was increasingly attracted to the older man as her feelings towards Dwayne continued to cool and on new years nineteen seventy K told herald of her interest. K love to dance as DeWayne swished her around the floor of the decorated elks club. She took stock of the rest of the couples present she was definitely the prettiest woman here and the best dancer, she show off even more. If her husband was a more competent partner, he could barely spent her without entangling their arms DeWayne was handsome in his tux. But useless with his feet. She watched herald an EMA across the room. They're mismatch tight made them. Look like a cartoon couple the way herald towered over his wife made them unsuited to most of the more complicated dance steps, but they may do. When the band took a break k into Wayne reunited with the other couple at a table in offend herself. In complained all the dancing was making her sweat herald quickly leapt up to fetch his wife at drink and k twinge with jealousy. She made a similar comment to her husband, Wayne. She too was touch warm. He just pulled out his handkerchief to dab his forehead agreeing about the temperature and sucked on a beer bottle. What a block head when the music started again, Enid declined her husband's arm. Her feet were tired K hopped up to take her place. Instead, she was more than happy to keep herald company on the dance floor and lever own husband's two left feet behind. He handily lead K through her best steps, they moved to the center of the dance floor and soon the other couples were circled around watching then the music suddenly stopped again. It was almost midnight. Ena Wayne join their spouses in preparation of the new year K felt like Cinderella. As prince charming was replaced with Dwayne the pumpkin the crowd chanted account down five four K took a step away from her husband to be closer to herald three two. She tapped herald on the shoulder one happy new year K leaned in and kissed herald slips to her surprise, he kissed back even nineteen seventy even Frasca a New Year's kiss between friends wasn't out of the ordinary. Probably nothing that either of their spouses would have even commented on, but it would Mark the first step of K in heralds affair. A little over a month after New Year's Eve K white hind called herald Nokes she needed to talk to him about something important. He picked her up from work than after noon. So they could speak away from her husband. They drove for a bit west from the city and then parked on a quiet dirt road K told herald how she felt about DeWayne he didn't love her or take care of her. Most importantly, he didn't satisfy her needs. She felt so much more attracted to someone like herald they slept together. Then in there in the front seat of heralds parked car. Igniting the affair according to psychologists Douglas LaPierre. There are six common types of extramarital affairs for K. This was most likely in I'll show you a fair aimed at retaliating against her husband, Wayne who she felt hadn't shown her. The proper amount of attention for years in this type of affair, the anger and resentment towards one spouse isn't dealt with simply overshadowed by the new relationship, and in some cases, those feelings can shift to the new partner over time. Herald later told law enforcement that K was a hard woman to satisfy who enjoyed a variety of sexual experiences by March of nineteen seventy they were meeting each other weekly at various hotels and rest stops in south Nebraska. Despite their age difference. Twenty eight year old Kay started to fall in love with forty three year old herald as the affair continued over the next several months she began fantasizing about sharing a life with him having a real relationship. This was no longer just in a fair. But true love herald was always quick to talk her down. They had responsibilities to their spouses in a- and Dwayne. In nineteen seventy one K divorced herself from those responsibilities at that time Nebraska did not have a no fault force option meaning K had to prove acts of extreme cruelty. On Wayne's part. K turned to her parents for help case parents, Edwin and Wilma where lifelong Nebraska's and generally salt of the earth, people N when grew up on a farm and always kept a piece of land to work through his life. Even if only part time Wilma was a doting mother to her five children and an even more attentive grandmother and went in Wilma love to go fishing together and attend pinochle parties K was always more reliant on her parents than the other four siblings. Perhaps because K was the last one to feed her maternal, Dr Wilma could never resist an urge to help her daughter. She could be classified as an enabler. Two ks manipulative behaviour, according to Dr Jeffrey Bernstein, this relationship dynamic stems from parents who want to be needed. They want their child to be happy on his own yet. They live in fear of not doing enough to help their child. Get their Wilma's entire world was her children and grandchildren at the time of k into Wayne's divorce hearing, neither of the Hoyts had any inkling of the affair with herald Nokes. So when k told them that Dwayne yelled at her and the girls verbally abusing them. And when and Wilma were happy to take the stand for their daughter. The judge sided with K and granted the divorce awarding her full custody shortly after doing move to Colorado and remarried their Wilma would later discover that the testimony she gave was entirely false with doing out of the picture. Kate urged herald to follow suit divorcing. So they could be together finally in may of nineteen seventy two over two years after the affair began herald said enough down to talk he confessed everything to her about his relationship with k.

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