Dreamers: Dorothy Parker
And I am comforted done with the memory to share my bed to Shammai. Hello from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia Britannica Humanika. Today's dreamer was one of the sharpest wits of the twentieth century not to mention a renowned writer poet screenwriter and critic. She was also a founding member of the second most famous roundtable table in history. Let's talk about Dorothy Parker. I wish those blessed is with the then they'd be Dorothy was born in Long Beach New Jersey in. 1893 at her parents summer beach cottage and grew up on the upper west side of Manhattan though relatively privileged she had a difficult childhood. Dorothy mother passed away when Dorothy was four and one of her uncles died on the titanic her father Dorothy accused of physical abuse remarried soon after Dorothy mother died dorothy had a terrible relationship with their set mother who she exclusively referred to as the housekeeper Dorothy his father author died when she was twenty and Dorothy then earned a living by working as a piano player at a dance hall while writing poetry in her free time she sold her first poem to Vanity Fair in nineteen fourteen soon after she joined the editorial staff at Vogue magazine before transferring over to Vanity Fair as a drama critic but that job didn't last Dorothy was fired in nineteen twenty because her reviews were considered too acerbic she decided she. She wanted more writing freedom. So dorothy started freelancing in one thousand nine hundred ninety six. She published her first book of Witty Verse Called Enough Rope. It was a bestseller and she followed it up with two more hit volumes. She also wrote many of her most famous short stories during that period including her best known story big blonde for which she won the Nineteen Twenty seven o Henry Award that same year Dorothy made her way back into the magazine World World as the new book reviewer for the New York dorothy spent nearly the rest of her career working as either a staff writer or contributor for the famed magazine her book reviews were so beloved at a nineteen seventy. They were published together collection called constant reader in the early nineteen twenties Dorothy also secured a different kind of legacy. She made a name for herself as one of the founders of the legendary. I'll gone quin roundtable. The roundtable started out. Out a simple lunch outings with two dorothy friends and colleagues Robert Benchley and Robert e Sherwood and morphed into an informal club for the most brilliant intellectuals and conversationalist in New York City held daily at the Elgon Quin Hotel in Manhattan. It was there that Dorothy established a reputation for her quit. She was depicted in pop culture as the epitome of a liberated woman of the nineteen twenties in nineteen thirty four Dorothy married a man named Allan Campbell an aspiring actor and screenwriter soon after the to move to Hollywood and signed short contracts with paramount pictures. They were quite successful out there working on more than fifteen films Dorothy and Alan along with Robert Carson. And wrote the script for the original nineteen thirty seven film a star is born for which they received an Oscar Nomination Dorothy received a second Oscar nomination for her screenplay of the nineteen forty seven Susan Hayward Film Smash Up the story of a woman in the nineteen thirties and nineteen forties dorothy became increasingly active in left wing politics especially as a vocal advocate of civil rights and civil liberties in nineteen thirty six. She helped found the Hollywood anti Nazi league although unbeknownst to her at the time it was actually a Communist Party front organization a year later she reported on the Spanish civil war for the Communist magazine. The new masses and became came increasingly involved in a wide variety of left-wing organizations and causes and fortunately for Dorothy the F._B._i.. Took notice of her relationship with the Communist Party. They compiled a one thousand page dossier on her at a time when Senator Joseph McCarthy. EARTHY was starting to raise alarms about a supposed communist infiltration of Hollywood as a result Hollywood executives put Dorothy on the infamous Hollywood blacklist and she was no longer able to find work in the industry at that point Dorothy drinking started getting worse from nineteen fifty seven to nineteen sixty two. She wrote book reviews for Esquire magazine but her writing became more and more erratic dorothy spent her last years living in a residential hotel in New York City city and occasionally participated in radio programs like author author or she was a regular panelist. She also collaborated onto plays Dorothy died of a heart attack in nineteen sixty seven at each seventy three or her own epitaph. Dorothy Parker suggested the line. Excuse my dust tune in tomorrow for the story of another incredible dreamer traveling back in time and around the world to discuss China's greatest woman pote.