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Gandhi Is Deeply Revered, But His Attitudes On Race And Sex Are Under Scrutiny


This message comes from NPR sponsor xfinity. Some things are slow like a snail races. Other things are fast like Xfinity X. by get get fast speeds. Even when everyone is online working to make WIFI simple easy awesome more at xfinity dot com restrictions apply. Mohandas Gandhi was born one hundred fifty years ago today his civil disobedience campaign helped India free itself from British colonial rule and civil rights leaders around the world ended up taking cues from Gandhi but in two thousand and nineteen some of his habits and his teachings are being scrutinized. NPR's Lauren Freyer has the story. His Mattis is it. I think table he's footwear. Tucker runs a Gandhi Museum in a Mumbai Villa where the Mahatma the great souls stayed in the nineteen twenties. Here's where he taught followers to spin their own fabric and he launched Satya Gra his Movement for truth breath and nonviolent resistance after Ghandi died in this house became a museum. It got a special visitor tucker recalls a fellow freedom campaigner from the United States. Martin Luther King was here Nineteen fifty-nine of course. He was booked in a very good hotel but he said I'm not going anywhere anywhere else. I'm going to stay here. Yes and they didn't know what to do. Curator scrambled to haul to cots into Ghandi's bedroom through the civil rights leader and his wife Kereta Scott King afterward king announced he was adopting Ghandi's doctrine as his own. I am more convinced than ever before that the method of non violent resistance is the most potent whipping now six decades later. Black Africans are rejecting Gandhi statue of Mahatma. Gandhi is being removed from the university campus in Garner activists in Ghana and Malawi are angry about his early writings in nineteen. Oh three when Gandhi was in South Africa. He wrote that white people. There should be the predominating dominating race. He also said black people are troublesome very dirty and live like animals gundy was assist Ravichandran goo highs Ghandi's. He's biographer. He's as strength these that Europeans are the most civilized Indians were almost as civilized and Africans uncivilized however he out autism quite decisively and for most of his life as a public figure he was an anti-racist talking for into discrimination of all kinds including Gender Discrimination Discrimination Gandhi championed women in politics but he was also obsessed with his own celibacy in his late seventies. He slept naked with his grand grand-niece when she was in her late teens. He said he wanted to test his willpower. Nowadays we would call that abuse. Gandhi was all too human and to be a Saint India's first prime minister famously said but the Mahatma is treated as a saint here as the father of the nation Initia- INITIA- sensation nine year olds Recite Gandhi rhymes at a poetry Chris Slam in Mumbai Ghandi's faces on Indian currency his portrait hangs in government offices so you can see the footprints no this his exactly the spot where he was assassinated the garden in New Delhi where Gandhi was shot dead in January nineteen forty eight just months after India's independence is is now a memorial shell on the Pali gives tours when people come here. They get highly emotional. Some of them have tears in their eyes and go back with a heavy heart. The man who shot Gandhi was a follower of Hindutva Hindu nationalism. He wanted India to be a Hindu country says Yogesh com. I'm Dr whose parents were freedom fighters alongside Gandhi the Hindu were diaper ideolology considered him to be an enemy because talking of secularism and not invisible Ghandi's vision one out in India became a secular country but some Hindu nationalists still don't accept that and some some extremists actually celebrate Ghandi's murder members of far right Hindu group shot and burned earned Ghandi's effigy on his death anniversary this year in May a parliamentary candidate from Prime Minister Narendra Modi's mainstream party called gundy's assassin Asan a Patriot not order hanging that shocked the country progress. Tucker was forced to apologize but nevertheless won her election. She is an outlier though most Indian politicians in Meyer Gandhi COM DR the son of Indian freedom fighters says even those who don't route still have to tread carefully you know very grudgingly and maybe part of strategy. They also add up. They're gone that I call. The head are the way they just very difficult to survive. Politically Prime Minister Modi's headlining events for Ghandi's hundred fiftieth birthday the Mahatma MS signature round spectacles to the logo for Modi's clean India campaign something Gandhi inspired on weekends in Delhi crowds pay either respect to the spot where Gandhi was cremated among them is harsh parekh age seventeen. He and his friends debate the freedom leaders tactics when someone's save like oh he was great. There's always some criticism like no he could have got us freedom way before and all that what harsh and his friends are discussing is at the very heart of Gandhian philosophy says biographer guha his absolute insistence on non violence which young men pussyfooted weak-kneed did I say feminine and Ends Not Macho Enough. Ghandi's restraint can look naive to country struggling to confront terrorism so can some of his other ideas is in today's booming globalized India like his Swadeshi movement emphasizing small-scale local industries. A seventy six year old man sits with a spinning league. Let the other Gandhi memorial across town. There are so many across India. Why do you come here. Why do you you do this because I'm very much impressed with Gandhi and his work as a tribute to him every Friday I come yet moose. Ideologues Gupta is a retired civil servant who escapes here for an hour a week to spin his own thread as Gandhi Todd. He's principally from you may or may not accepted but the day will come when diesel. He's Josh Come Helena. The day will come when this palace of cards will fall. He says and Gandhian principles will remain Lauren Freyer. NPR News New Delhi.

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