Cursus Honorum

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In. The Roman Republic men of senatorial rank could compete for political offices which replaced in a set order and had earned sequentially. This hierarchy was known as the curse. The. Curse Nora was the basis of political and social life in ancient Rome in the fortunes of entire families could rise and fall based on how high someone could climb. Learn more about the Roman political on this episode of everything. Everywhere. Daily. This episode is brought to you by audible dot com audible as thousands of audiobooks available, which cover almost every topic conceivable. If you're interested in Roman history, I'd recommend the storm before the storm by Podcast, Mike Duncan which I personally just finished the audiobook of it covers the fascinating period in Roman history from the rocky brothers through the first civil war with Marias and Selah, which was all the lead up to the fall of the Republic and Julius Caesar. You can get a one month free trial to audible and to free audiobooks including the storm before the storm by going to audible trial dot com slash everything everywhere or click on link in the show notes. Roman. Social institutions were extremely complex many layers of social and religious traditions dictated how Roman society functioned. We don't even know what all of them were because. So many of the texts from that period have been lost to us forever in the political realm there were distinct offices were Romans could run for election, but they weren't just opened anyone the curses Honam which translates to the course of honor was the path in which aristocrats climb the ladder of success in ancient Rome. Each step on the curse? Hanoora. was required before you could advance to the next step unlike the modern world you couldn't just jump to the top job without any prior experience. Also, each step in the ladder had an age requirement. There were also some positions which were lateral moves that were important roles, but didn't necessarily advance you or your family to the top jobs. With that, let's go through the list as it would have been during the Republican period once the imperial period starts most of the rules pretty much go out the window because the emperor could do whatever he wanted. But during the republic, these rules were mostly held in place taken seriously. At the bottom of the curses. Was the position of military, Tribune. Before anyone could run for political office. They had to spend ten years serving in the military. If you came from a senatorial family, you would serve as a Military Tribune, which is like a junior officer today. Usually. Your family would set you up with a general who was a member of your family or a friend of the family and would serve under him. Military. Service and military accomplishments were perhaps the most important thing in Roman, life? While not everyone specialized in military service those who excelled and won major victories were held in the highest esteem. Each Legion would have six tribunes. Some tribunes were elected by the people, but others were appointed by consoles and by the generals themselves. There were different levels of Tribune's that had different levels of responsibility in each legion because there were so many tribune's and so many legions. There were ample positions to go around and almost any young man from a noble family would be able to become a military tribute. Once you've had some military experience under your belt, you could run for elected office all of the elected positions which were on the curses Orem head terms of one year which extended from January first to December thirty first of that year. The first position was that of Cueyer. The quakers were responsible for finances. And payments the age requirement to become a question was thirty or twenty eight from members of patrician families. Each console provincial governor and head of allegiance was assigned to quaker to handle finances. The number of quakers changed over time. There were originally four at the start of the public, but that number later grew with a ten in the late Republican twenty, and finally under Julius Caesar the number increased to forty becoming a quaker also guaranteed you a seat in the Senate. Think of a quaker as being like an elected bureaucrat they handled much of the day to day work which went on in the government which had to be done. The second step on the curses. Was the position of Eight. To become an eight, I had to have served as A. And must have reached the age of thirty six. Eight aisles were responsible for public buildings, hosting public games and festivals, ensuring supplies of food water, and generally keeping order. The number of positions was significantly limited compared to the number of quakers and tributes. There were two eight I'll selected each year. These were from the common people and to Curiel selected from the upper class. This was an extremely important position hosting games and festivals was a great way to get your name known by the populace. Being an Adl was often very expensive because the eight aisles were expected to spend their own money to host many of the events. The position of eight was not a mandatory stop and the curses. You could bypass it and be elected to the next level without it, but it would be much easier to get elected by the public if they knew your name because it was associated with the games thrown by and from the general good governments of the city. The closest modern analogy I can think of is that the eight hours were like the mayors of the city of Rome, they were responsible for the day-to-day functioning of the city. The next wrong was the position of prey tour to become prey tort. You must have served as quarter and be thirty nine years of age. Craters mostly served as judges they would preside over trials and look over the judicial system. There were different prey tour positions the two most important of which were the Patriots peregrinations who oversaw cases, involving foreigners, and the Prato or bonus. The Pretoria Bantus basically served as the Supreme Court for Rome in that, they could overturn lower court decisions and they could adjudicate trials for high ranking Roman officials. There were two really great perks to the job of Prey Tour I. Pray Tours were assigned six liquors. Liquors were bodyguards who escorted the Praetorian wherever they went in Rome. Each of the liquors carried with them. A Fassi's, which was a collection of bounce sticks with an axe head, which is a symbol of power. The Word Fassi's was where the word fascist is derived. Also next time you watched a state of the Union address, you'll notice to Fassi's on the columns behind the speaker's podium symbolizing their authority. The second perk of the job was getting imperium imperium was a wide ranging executive authority, which could only be checked by people above you on the curse Santorum. Your equals at your level most importantly if you had imperium, you're held immune from prosecution for the entire time you had imperium imperium was the root word for emperor and Empire. After serving ear preachers would be assigned a position as proprietor, which would usually mean commanding an army or being a provincial governor proprietors also held imperium. The next and highest rank on the curse Han Orem was that of consul to be consul. You had to have served as prey tour and must forty two years of age. There were two consuls selected every year and the two men were equal with each other and each could veto the other's actions. Being a console was a really big deal. It would bring honor to your family for generations and being from a consular family would bring considerable status. Like craters consoles also had imperium, but they were awarded twelve electors instead of just six. Someone who elected to each position on the curses nora at the minimum wage was said to have been elected in his year and it was considered a huge accomplishment. If you were elected to console without having had a family member previous elected you're considered a new man or a Novus Homo. Marcus Telia sister was famous for having been elected in his year and having been a Novus Homo. Roman years were referred to by the consoles elected for that year. For example, the year sixty three BC was known as the year of CICERO and Hibernia as those were the two consuls for the year. Even, though the console ship was the highest position on the curses on. It wasn't the last position. After their terms consoles were given positions as pro consuls, which also gave them in period pro consoles. We're usually assigned as generals or governors have promises just like craters. It was here that all the time and money spent climbing the cursor Sonora really paid off as a provincial governor. You pretty much had unlimited power to do what you wanted because you are far away from Rome and the final authority. Most proconsul used it as an opportunity to make money via taxes, bribes, and corruption. It was possible to run for consul again, ten years after you served. The final step on the curses Hanoora was the rank of sensor. The sensor didn't hold much power. They did have couldn't be vetoed by someone else other than another sensor. They were responsible for taking a census determining voter rolls and the membership list of the Senate. This is where the word census comes from. They were also given charge for enforcing public morality in Rome, which is where we get the modern words censor and censorship. Sensors didn't have imperium or liquors, but the position was considered a great honour. There are three other really important positions which should be addressed even though they were not technically on the curses Santorum. The first is the tribune of the plebs. This is a very different position from the Military Tribune which I mentioned before the Tribune pledge was an elected position by the lower class publians in Rome which had a veto of the Senate it was only open to. An upper-class patricians were ineligible. The position was so important that some patricians renounced patrician status just so they can run most notably Tiberius. Caracas, did this in one thirty, three ABC to try and push through his land reforms. The Tribune of the plebs were also considered sacrosanct meaning. They couldn't be touched and anyone who did could be banished or killed. The second position, which is not technically part of the curses Santorum but in theory, the highest position possible in their public was that of dictator. Dictators were appointed only in times of emergency by the Senate they were given twenty four liquors and the term of office was only six months. There was no one else who served alongside a dictator north other decisions be vetoed by the Tribune of the plebs a dictator had absolute military and Civil Authority for the duration of their time in office. The final position was that of Pontus Maximus. The pontiff's Maximus was the supreme priest in the Roman religion and was an elected position. Unlike every other position I just listed the term of office was for life. Julius Caesar was famously elected Pontus Maximus in sixty three BC beating out several other far more experienced candidates. You also might note that Pontus maximus sounds very familiar. That is because the same term is still used today as the Latin title or the Pope. Executive producer of everything everywhere daily is James Makhala. Today review comes from user Jj over on Apple podcasts notes, quick lessons, history geography, etcetera I really enjoy this podcast. It provides a lot of information in a short amount of time history has never been my favorite subject, but I do enjoy learning the quick facts shares very interesting. Thank you JJ swift and to all of you who support the over unpatriotic and if left reviews over on apple and Google.

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