February 13, 2019: Hour 1
Support for here. And now comes from legalzoom for those wanting to start a business or secure their family's future from wills and trusts to LLC's and trademarks legalzoom is committed to helping people. Get started legalzoom dot com slash now. From NPR WB. You are I'm Jeremy Hobson. I'm Robin young. It's here. And now congress has reached a border deal that House Democratic chair Hakeem Jeffries says they'll likely vote on tomorrow here. He is speaking at a press conference this morning, I me- based on a conversation that we had today that the overwhelming majority of the House Democratic caucus will support of this legislation that will be presented on the house floor tomorrow. President Trump has said he's not thrilled by the compromise. But he sent it. He would sign it though with add-ons. And now there's word that the White House is looking for other sources of funding to build a wall since congress will likely only pay for a fraction of what the president wanted. NPR White House. Correspondent Scott Horsely is here. Hi, scott. Good to be with you. So people can. Probably repeat after me of the president is going to get just one point three seven five billion for new fencing along the border with Mexico. That's short of the five point seven billion. He asked for less even than the deal that he rejected in December. But what might he do to get this extra funding with is this using an executive order declaring a national emergency. What what why did he do the White House talked about a number of ways at the president might try to make up some of that large gap between the border wall that he demanded and the border wall that congress has actually authorizing in this Bill. He's talked about declaring a national emergency which would give him emergency powers to move money around. But short of that, he's also talked about simply repurposing some money. There is some flexibility within the executive branch to to move money around. It's not unlimited. So. It's not probably enough to to make up the three quarter difference in in wall funding that we're talking about here, but it would be a way for him to sort of declare victory without running the risk of the national emergency with some of his own fellow Republicans have discouraged the president from pursuing. We understand from reports that Republicans are kind of trying to appease the president hoping that he will sign this avoid the shutdown, and that's what happened in December and saying things like Lamar Alexander Tennessee, suggesting using eight hundred million dollars in drug interdiction funding to apply that to the wall. But that's gonna pinch a tow somewhere else. That's right. I mean, all that money that's year. Marked for one purpose presumably has a constituency and as soon as someone sees their funds being drained to to bankroll the president's border wall. There will be complaints. Now, if it's Republican allies, the president those complaints might be a little bit more muted. But there were certainly, you know, defense hawks who aren't happy about seeing military funds drawn down. There are people with construction projects lated for their own home districts that are not happy about seeing that money drawn down. So the president can't simply rob Peter to pay Paul here and think no one's gonna complain about it. How does the president's read this needle given that his allies who've been able to sway him before Sean Hannity from Fox News? For instance, call this deal garbage deal and called her and Coulter pretty much called the president a coward saying it was his yellow deal. How does sure do this? Of course, it was an Coulter. And other mean girls of talk radio that persuaded the president to veto the border security agreement back in December and really led the president and his Republican congressional allies into what turned out to be a blind canyon. And they they paid a price for that. So I think even even the professional provocateurs are being a little bit more careful today in daring, the president to veto this because another shutdown really would be damaging to the president and to to his congressional allies. You have Mitch McConnell, for example, who was pretty hands off in December being much more hands on this time and really urging the president to. Take his lumps settle for a quarter of a loaf and move on. I just want to raise the green new deal. This is coming from the Democrats. It's a resolution not a Bill, but Mitch McConnell says he wants to put that to a vote in the Senate Republicans are having a field day with this. They're saying things like well McConnell says I want to see how many Democrats want to end air travel and cow farts. That's a reference to the proposals language on limiting methane emissions from livestock, Republicans are very gleeful about this. They say it's far too progressive ambitious Alexandria or Casio Cortez's office had to apologize for releasing a fact sheet that didn't accord with the main resolution it said things like there should be security for people who were unwilling to work Republicans are seizing on. This have Democrats may be you know, bungled this rollout. What what what's your sense? Absolutely. There have been some some rookie mistakes in the way the rollouts been handled. And in calling for a Senate vote on the green new deal. Mitch McConnell is not trying to signal his own a newfound concern about global warming or other threats to the planet. He is trying to put Senate Democrats in particular, those Senate Democrats who are running for president on the hook to either say, yes, I support this this green new deal and all that goes with it. And then open themselves up to sort of a caricature that President Trump's already painting of of socialists. Hus co-respondent, Scott Horsely. Thank you. You're welcome. Well shock is the feeling in parts of California today after the new democratic governor Gavin Newsom announced in his state of the state address yesterday that he is cancelling. California's planned high-speed train from San Francisco to Los Angeles. This is a plan voters approved in two thousand eight it was championed by the former governor Jerry Brown Newsome says there isn't enough money, and he'll only allow part of the train line to be completed. Joining us now is Scott Shafer senior editor for politics government desk, and host of the podcast political breakdown. He's in San Francisco. Hi, scott. Hey, germany. So here is the governor making that announcement. Let's be real current project as planned would cost too much and respectfully take too long. There's been too little oversight and not enough transparency. Now, Scott, first of all we're you surprised by that. And what kind of reactions are you seeing today wasn't surprised? The governor has been critical of his project for quite some time and has been. Signaling even last year when he was running for governor that he probably wasn't going to be able to support the full Los Angeles to San Francisco project. That's how it was sold to voters Jeremy a decade ago. And so yeah, there's some surprise. But what they're what people are saying. In response is kind of a kind of a political roszak test to be clear Newsom isn't killing it. He's just recognizing reality that there isn't federal money and private investment to make this happen right now so longtime critics like Bakersfield Republican congressman Kevin McCarthy said it's dead. Hallelujah. Essentially, he's been doing his best at choke off federal funding for years. But then you've got high speed rail supporters who are saying, hey, it's really short sighted. And you've got some of the most powerful legislators in Sacramento the assembly speaker whose from Los Angeles the Senate president who's from San Diego saying, hey, wait a minute. What's the point of building this? If we're not going to reach some of the largest cities in California. So the reaction has been mixed. Well, this is the always the thing with building a high-speed rail line is that in order to get it approved and get it to go through parts of the. Where there aren't huge population centers, you have to allow it to stop in those places, and that was going to be part of the plan here. And in fact, the governor said that he would allow the train between Mercer and Bakersfield to to go forward. Why? Well, because those parts of California the central valley have some of the highest rates of unemployment and poverty. So and it's already under under way. I mean, there's some two thousand construction workers that are building the thing right now. And so he doesn't wanna just waste it. And just stop it. And then it would be a train to nowhere. He wants to build that middle portion continue with the environmental investigations and studies for the other parts of it. And basically by himself, some time, the hope is that by building the center portion of it'll it'll help to diversify the economy there, and you know, maybe help connect ultimately people were the cheap housing is in the central valley with jobs elsewhere. And then would he be open to the possibility of eventually finishing the larger project later? Yeah. Absolutely. I mean, I think he would like to see that. Done. But unlike Jerry Brown, he's not going to stake, his reputation on it. He knows that we need more federal money private investment as I said, he also, you know, is promising more transparency and accountability. But you know, some of the big rail advocates are worrying that the speech might send the wrong signal or was misinterpreted. And that includes one state Senator Scott Weiner from San Francisco, he's a big public transit advocate. And here's what he had to say. Some people are inaccurately interpreting the governor's remarks of killing high-speed route to the bay area and lock down to us. It's not what I heard not what I think the governor impact, and I should say that San Francisco is already laying the groundwork for that train to pull into downtown spending a lot of money for that. Jeremy? So if it doesn't automatically get Bill that's going to be a very expensive bus terminal. There are a lot of people that try to go back and forth everyday between the bay area and Los Angeles. I was looking the San Jose Mercury news reports there are more flights between LA and San Francisco than any other. Route in the United States. There's clearly demand is it possible that private industry like an e LAN musk will step in and say, I'm gonna do this myself. Well, possibly, you know, but it's not cheap and it would have to pencil out. And the key is going to be time. I mean, this was sold as I said as a two and a half hour train ride from LA to San Francisco, and it's going to be hard to to make that happen with with private money alone. I think did the governor make any other news in his speech. He did he actually killed and another project of Jerry Brown a twin tunnels under the Sacramento delta that takes water down south. He says he's for one tunnel. Not to talk a lot about housing this housing and homelessness healthcare wants to create a California mandate to shore up the Affordable Care Act, and then he named Maria Shriver to head up a Alzheimer's task force. So just some of the things he talked about would you say then that based on that that he he's looking like he's going to be more moderate than Jerry Brown. On some things, but in other things, no he's really embracing a big agenda that includes parental leave more childcare free community college education. So I think he's really embracing some of these more liberal positions. But at the same time, he's going to be fiscally prudent and not tied to the agenda of Jerry Brown who he never really got along with that. Well, interesting Scott, Shafer, senior editor for politics and government desk, and host of the weekly podcast political breakdown. Thanks so much. You bet. Final voting for the Academy Awards began this week. How will detainment fair our look at this nominated short film may not be for young ears. Although it stars children, in fact, because of that thousands of people in Britain, feel it shouldn't be considered at all. And over a quarter of a million signed a petition saying as much detainment tells the horrifying story of two ten year olds James and Robert who are shown on security cameras abducting two year old James Bolger from shopping center and mercy side England in nineteen Ninety-three leading him to a nearby railway line pass, dozens of adult then torturing and killing him the film uses young actors to recreate the boys police interrogation. Change by the hand. And that amount of destroying shows. We we note we robot is saying that you took him by the hand not relevant. You did it. Why would rub it say that about? Well, the victim's mother Denise Fergus has asked director Vincent Lam and the academy of Motion Picture Arts and sciences to remove the film from Oscar consideration and both have declined joining us from London BBC arts and entertainment reporter, Ian Young's. Ian, welcome. Thank you. And just remind us here in the states. This was a crime that horrified Britain in nineteen Ninety-three. It wasn't absolutely shocking crime that was one of the most horrific and notorious cases of the last century in this country. The fact that the victim was so young. But also the fact that the perpetrators were so young with things that really shocked the nation out, and they serve the two ten year olds serve time and catch us up on this because we cover this in about two thousand one they were released they were given new identities by well, yes, they serve time in secure facilities. But because of their age at the time, the they committed the murder they were. Were then released and given you identities because the crime was so notorious that it was felt that they would not be able to be rehabilitated if they kept their original names and to understand one of them had been rearrested. I mean, how are how do we know at all how they are doing officially we don't know very much. No will you know, one of them was rearrested as you say on child pornography charges. But there is a ban on identifying them in public on revealing their new identities because they still have this anonymity, which means that they can try and rehabilitate themselves in some way, but apart from that arrest, we know as a you know, what they're doing now. And this I'm sure as part of the controversy would be in this country because there's a debate over child murderers child of fenders people who have perpetrated crimes against children sex offenders how much people get to know about them once they're released and maybe in the very neighborhood. Good. So there's that. But we also understand there's a question of the way that the director did this film that he went straight with the tapes and pretty much a factual. Here's what happened. Yes. This film detainment is half hour foam. Most of it is recreating the police interviews with these two boys, which were the types. From those interviews played in court join the trials, and so the in the public domain, and so he that the director has to child actors who were eleven at the time playing the boys. He also does recreates a few scenes outside that, but he decided he wanted to try and keep it as a factual as possible as sticking to the original transcripts, so that he couldn't be seen to be putting any particular spin on the story or any kind of opinion. But that also means that you don't see really they lives outside that police interview room very much. Don't see all that much of how they came to to get there. And why they did this thing. Well, and that is because nobody else was involved me. And that's what the mother of James Bolger has said she wasn't consulted. I mean. Yeah. So he could attract down her could have tracked down the families of the boys shaped some understanding of what happened. Yes. Well, he Vincent Lam. The director said he'd deliberately didn't consult James bulges mother because he wanted it to be a factual as possible than he thought that he had all the facts that he needed from the original tapes. And he said if he hits consulted her they would have been pressured to tell it the way one side would want it to be told. And then you'll suppressing information and telling version of the truth that is one of the main complaints that she has had that she wasn't consulted. And she says she would have been willing to talk to him, although she wouldn't have been willing to allow him to make the film in the way that he has them. A recreation says something where she's she and others have had to see what happened is a popular there. I mean, do people go to watch the movie it has been screened film festivals? And things like that. But it's not on general release. But it has caused huge outcry hair. Most of those people waiting to see in the films Bill and his, but I think even just watching the trailer online, you get a good sense of film. And it's it's a very powerful very very harrowing production many films have been made recreating notorious murders. This one though is casting eleven year old and the director said he was very careful with them one is extraordinarily weeping throughout. So there are questions about what will happen to them having recreate this. But this the academy motion picture sciences has expressed deep sympathy for all involved. But said that it can't get involved because it doesn't want to influence voters. It doesn't look like they're going to acquiesce to this petition demand. We'll people there say I mean, how heated is this is Percy Jones bulges mother has paid on chat shows in his country complaining about this film, and how the directors handled it and she's got. Huge sympathy. Understandably given everything that she's going through a now having this to see child portraying her son on film, and that moment that he was snatched. I mean, you you just can't imagine what it's like to have that dredged up again. It'll be very interesting to see whether this controversy how much of it percolates through to the Oscars voters. I know it's been reported in the Hollywood press, but whether those considerations overcome the filmmaking considerations because it is a well made film, and that's why it's on the Oscar nominations list. I think if it wins the Oscar then the outcry will just intensify. And the outcry is over the Oscar nominated short film detainment we've been taking a look at it with BBC arts and entertainment reporter, Ian Young's. Ian, thank you so much. We'll see how this unfold you well to another somber story involving kids here in the US and active shooter drills. They've increased in the years since the Marjory stoneman Douglas high school massacre in parkland, Florida, w UNC's Audubon moody found out that's affecting students. I'm sitting in Therese GARRETT'S home in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. She's invited her sons friends in their parents for a plea. The kids are in kindergarten and preschool, I'm talking to Matic's we had a lockdown practice. What does that mean? Hi room and be quiet during the lockdowns. They called the threat the lockdown, man. Yeah. I asked Garretson Kayla and Matic's if they're afraid of him. Anything? Not afraid anything there, but the drills affect their friend as read differently. It's just a tiny bit. As teachers said he got really scared and anxious and started crying during the lockdown drill. But when his mom tried to talk to him about it later. He wasn't able to put his feelings into words. Therese Garrett calebs mom is also the medical director at Carolina outreach a mental health services clinic. She specializes in child psychiatry and works with children who have undergone serious trauma. She says she's not to worried about her kids dealing with the drills, but for kids with underlying Zaidi disorders or significant prior exposure to trauma, it can be a very different thing. She says schools have to pay attention to kids who are more likely to be triggered by unexpected stress, especially with unannounced drills. You know, a kid that has active PTSD or ongoing exposure to community violence or family violence or a kid with autism or other special needs should really be finding out about these things head of time there, it says that little research has been done about whether these lockdown psychologically affect students because the drills. Themselves differ from school to school? This makes them very difficult to study and to even conclude whether they're effective in saving lives, but statistically Moscow shootings are pretty rare. According to the centers for disease control and prevention, the odds of a multiple victim homicide happening in a school for the two thousand seventeen two thousand eighteen school year was one in ten million but many schools hold lockdowns. Anyway, even if the threat isn't a shooter to Greeley response, the response to school suiting. I'm now gets to be used for other things. Right. Exactly linski teaches at the university of Toronto Mississauga with the focus on school safety and risk management in his research. He's found many schools go into lockdown to avoid lawsuits for not preparing for disasters. Robbery in the neighborhood or another school has a gun, and you have like things like holding secure and your partial lockdown. He says administrators and teachers are tied to confront the shooter with similar lawsuit concerns in mind and some students like Dalia Marquez a junior from east Chapel Hill high school in North Carolina. Says lockdown drills have become so common that kids. No longer seemed to take them seriously people like giggling or they're like on their phones, and you can hillock whispers and stuff. But I remember after the parkland shootings in the protests that everybody was like completely silent. She says after parkland students feared their school could be next Esther Ramani a senior at nearby carbo. High school says in the aftermath she initially felt triggered by the drills. Even today if she starts to think about it. She can feel like nothing in life matters. Because like somebody could come in and kill all of us at once easily Zachary Levinsky says schools will continue to do lockdown drills because it makes people feel safe it gives schools proactive. To combat it threat largely out of their control for here. Now, I'm other d bundle. Moody after de story is from guns and America of public media. Reporting project on the rule of guns in American life. This message comes from here. And now sponsor indeed when it comes to hiring. You don't have time to waste you need help getting to your shortlist of qualified candidates fast. With indeed posted job in minutes. Set up screener questions then zero in on qualified candidates. And when you need to hire fast, accelerate your results with sponsored jobs. New users can try for free when you sign up at indeed dot com slash NPR, podcast, terms, conditions, and quality standards apply. Here's a disturbing statistic. We've talked here about nervousness over Car Loans, which have been surging with record car sales. But subprime auto loans to people with poor credit surged as well, a now Car Loans have a new record of their own seven million Americans are now three months behind on their car payments. That's the highest number ever. According to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Heather long reported on this for the Washington Post high other high so from your writing it seems like a perfect storm because these are in general working class people who need their car to get to work some may be young with student loans as well is this like the housing crisis where maybe they were preyed upon with higher loan rates. Or were they living beyond their means. What happened here? I think you're right. It's it has a lot of echoes. So that housing crisis in the early two thousands. What we're seeing is these car dealerships and car loan operation. They make money they make fees off giving people alone. And so they're incentivized to just bring more people in and get them in these loans, and what we're seeing is the length of the car contract is going out. So instead of being for usually a Car Loans like four or five years, instead, we're seeing six seven and even eight year contracts as they try to force people into thinking, hey, you can afford this. When really they end up paying so much more than the actual value of the car, and you spoke to some analysts on this who noted that the loan failures are at a little over six percent from car loan companies, but only about one percent from credit unions or banks are ninety days late. So there's a lesson there there is generally speaking, the banks and the credit unions tend to offer those lower rate loans. So what more can we learn from this? Why are Car Loans so important to figuring out the economy, well because in the financial crisis that we've all lived through ten years ago, the debt that people always wanted to pay was their car loan, and because you can lose your house, but still live in your car without that car? It's so much harder to get to work or the doctor or anywhere else that you need to go in many parts of America. And as you say people living in their cars. So this is a double whammy for. I'm presuming a lot of these people who are defaulting because they're not going to just lose a car. They're gonna lose a home, which should people take from this. What else should they know? Well, I I would say the one difference between what we're seeing in the auto loan market. And what we saw on the home mortgage market is an leading up to that big financial crisis. Yes, there are a lot of parallels between what's going on in the auto loan market. It's a big red flag for the economy but the auto loan market. It it's unlikely to tank the entire financial system in the way that the mortgage market did because the mortgage markets close to attend trillion dollar market. There's a lot more securitization of mortgages the auto loan market is about a one trillion dollar market in there's far less securitization those loans. But is there anything that? These people can do who are in this pickle right now. It's once you're three months behind. It's gonna be hard to avoid having your car repossessed. I was flooded with emails after this article came out yesterday of people in this very situation. They said to me, I I didn't want to go to that. I knew it was shady car lot. I didn't wanna go there. But I already had bad credit, and I didn't have any other choice hetero on of the Washington Post. Thank you so much. Thank you. A member of the public radio family is in a desperate search for a match. So she can get a bone marrow transplant twenty nine year old journalist lineup. Anwar is in the hospital in southern California. With leukemia line is a podcast producer at the L A time she used to work for story core. And with me at marketplace lineup is of Indian descent in her ethnic background is proving to be a challenge when it comes to finding a transplant match, according to be the match dot org. An African American has a twenty three percent likelihood of finding a match a white person. Seventy seven percent, that's because some ethnic groups have more complex tissue types than others. Joining us now is line is brother a boss who is thirty three. He unfortunately is not a match. Neither are her parents about thank you so much for joining us. Thank you so much for having me, and I'm just so sorry personally to hear that line is is going through this has been undergoing chemo. How is she doing right now? Right now line is doing remarkably. Well, she she's had you know, a couple rounds of chemo. And now is just a waiting some further testing to see what the next step is. But in terms of her spirits, and how she's acting everything is pretty pretty much normal. You know on the outside. So it's very encouraging and hopeful to see her like that right now. And what does she have exactly talked about her diagnosis? Yes. So she has an aggressive form of leukemia called acute myeloid leukemia, which is often just abbreviated as AM L. And you know, this is a pretty aggressive form of leukemia that needs very urgent therapy. And so that's kind of what we've been dealing with over the course of the last six or so weeks, and what she needs here. What the doctor say that she needs is a bone marrow transplant, right? Yeah. So line a-, you know, in terms of acute mile only Keaton lukaemia a lot of it. Kind of depends on the very specific genetic mutation abnormalities that are involved in with her abnormalities that they found on their testing. It looks like yes stem cell transplant is is our best hope of cure in the long run and in order to do that. And have it be affective. You have to be very specific about where you get the transplant from. And in line is case a South Asian person is going to be the best bet. Right. Right. Yeah. So there are specific markers. They look at in the cells, and there has to be, you know, ideally, perfect match, and they they look at about ten different markers initially, and there's further testing after that. But those ten initial markers. You know? There hasn't been a perfect match. And so, you know, we're we're out there kind of. Kind of looking to get more people on the registry. But yes, South Asian is definitely the best chance in terms of match, you know, at necessity plays a large role, but that's not to say that other ethnicities don't, you know, people people match from other ethnicities, it's happened many times before so, you know, I I also don't want to discourage other ethnicities from you know, joining the registry, but the nonprofit be the match says of the nineteen million people in the registry less than three percent are of South Asian descent. Why do you think that is, you know, I think you know, it's hard to know exactly why that is. I think you know, sometimes these communities don't get as much outreach. And you know, they're they're minorities in America itself. So their representation on the registry is obviously going to be a little bit lower. But regardless I think the ultimate goal is to diversify the registry and just get more people on the registry. Because right now, the chances of any South, Asian or. Any person of color finding a match or a lot lower. And then you know, a Caucasian person on on the registry. So what you and your family did in order to try to find a match is to go onto social media and encourage people of South Asian background to sign up for the registry to see if they might be a compatible donor for line a-, and you really got a lot of attention people like the actress Mindy Cailing, the comedian Hasan Manashe tweeted out support and tried to to get more people to sign up. Yeah. Yeah. You know, we we were kind of overwhelmed and shocked by all the love and support that we received. Yeah. We just kind of went out there. And you know, we decided, you know, let's just put this message out there on our on our social media, and, you know, lineup being the charismatic and outgoing and friendly person that she is she she has a lot of friends in a lot of friends were very open to putting the message out there on their social media accounts. And kind of one thing. Led to another, and you know, how viral things go these these. This message got out to. Yeah. Some of these south Asians celebrities who realize that this is such an important thing to deal with in our in our community. So they were kind enough to help us spread the word. So over, you know, forever grateful for not only the celebrities, but also all of all of Linus, friends and family and people that she doesn't even know who who have kind of been supporting her how difficult is it to sign up to be in the registry. Are there restrictions there? There are first of all I it is very easy to sign up to be on the registered the only real restrictions. Are they prefer people between the ages of eighteen and forty four but aside from that as long as you're relatively healthy you can sign up to be on the registry. And it's very easy. Sign up process. I it's just registration online that takes probably less than five minutes. And then once you sign up, you get sent a cheek swab in the mail, and that that swab, you know. Takes literally like twenty seconds to do. You pop. It back in the mail and the pre marked envelope and within a few weeks year you're on the registry. So getting on the registry is is very very easy. Are you hearing any fear from people out there who want to help and they want to register? But they're they're actually worried about the process if they are the match to have their bone marrow extracted in order to help lineup right? The there is a lot of fear. And you know, honestly, there's some misconceptions about the the whole process becoming a match and actually becoming a donor. You know, the chances are pretty low. But if that happens, I it's really an opportunity for you to to save a life. Now, the process of donation, I think has is where the misconceptions come in. You know, there are what what line unease in what people with these conditions. Need is is called a stem cell transplant, and there's two ways of extracting stem cells. There's kind of the older technique where it which is called the bone marrow donation where they take a piece of your bone marrow from your pelvis, and then they. Use that to extract the stem cells, and that requires general anesthesia, and and it can and can have some associated pain with it for a couple of days. There's another way and a newer way to extract stem cells, and that's through peripheral blood donation. And so this process involves, you know, taking a medication for a few days to stimulate your stem cells. And then you come to the hospital, and you sensually it's like a blood draw for you know, three or four hours where they draw your blood, they extract the stem cells, and then they put the blood back into your other arm, and that process is very much easier. And it is not is not painful, and it is a lot quicker, and that that is actually the process that our doctor would like to use for Linux. So in terms of you know, being scary. It really isn't a scary process. It's a it's, you know, relatively painless. And in the process, you could be saving a life. It's amazing. When you go through something like, this you. It's like going to med school. You become an expert on on how it's all done. Totally. Yeah. It's a lot of research. How does line of feel about all of this all the outpouring of support and just the situation in general? Yeah. No line is line is overwhelmed by all the love and support. You know, there was a certain time where she was having trouble. Even looking at social media because she was kidding. So overwhelmed by everything that people were posting. So she is super thankful for everyone trying to help her in terms of just the situation at south, obviously, it's a tough situation. But she she's one of these people that just hasn't complained at all throughout the whole process. She's been in the hospital for now six weeks, and we haven't heard an ounce of complaints from her and she's staying very very positive. And I think just everyone's support has also kind of helping her maintain that positively. Well, I hope that somebody listening today is a match and is able to sign up on the registry. Will of course linked people to to that at here. Now. Dot org. And I hope that line a- gets what she needs because she is just a wonderful person. And she's got obviously a very carrying a brother as well. A boss Anwar. Thank you so much for joining us. Thank you so much for having. You say Valentine's we say chocolate and with a day to go. Someone's got it through the hard work of finding the best here. No resident Cathy chef Kathy chef Kathy guns once chocolate rat now. Right now, the CBD one over right? That's to come. She's been on the hunt. She sent a few of her fines and joins us from San Francisco. Cathy. I am a Hershey. Kisses girl myself, there's always a Cup on my desk. This is not that this is so not that Robin. I have been tasting lots and lots of chocolate, and it's jobs go, it ain't bad. I wanna take you guys through a few basics. And then we'll start tasting the chocolate Kathy is tasting chocolate like tasting wine like you smell it. I and you do in. So I got a little help from a friend named granny. Yo a former chemist and pastry chef turn chocolate educator. She wrote something called the chocolate tasting kit. So here's there is a better way to taste chocolate. And I never understood this. But before we start. Yeah. So robin. This is not the milk. Chocolate. Candy, you grew up with which is essentially sugar is sophisticated craft chocolate. It is a lot. Like the specialty coffee and craft brewers were ten years ago. This is what's often called a bean to bar these chocolate bars are all about the nuance. And flavor of what happens when cacao beans, which are found on trees grown about twenty degrees above or below the equator, and these cacao pods have seeds inside them that are for mentored dried, and then roasted into what we know as chocolate and then chocolate makers add sugar. Spices nuts fruits. But. Okay, here we go ready. All right. So here's what I'm going to ask you to take out number one, which is an integrator from Epping New Hampshire. This is a chocolate bar from Honduras from Llamas Skikda, and it is seventy five percent dark chocolate. So what does that mean? The percentage you see on the label tells you how much Powell mass. So of it seventy five percent. It's seventy five percent cacao mass or cacao liquor and then twenty. Eighty five percent. Is that right? If my mouth, right? Yeah. Interesting look on his face. There's a little bit. Yeah. It's dark, but there's something a little bit different about it. Yeah. Okay. Look at the color. I and so one of the things you do is pale Brown or dark Brown, and then smell it. Really? Just I'm doing it as well. Is it earthy? Does it take? Does it smell whiny or floral or even herbal? And then when you're ready to taste, it let it just melt in your mouth take a small piece and let it slowly melts and observe the flavors there, again, we're not gonna get pretentious. Here. Are we Jeremy? Let's go to number two, Kathy. Because we've got gotta get through six. Okay. So that was an chocolate number two is from dictator. This is made in San Francisco. No actually in Humboldt county and miss chocolate bar has black figs in it. So we're gonna know we're going to take it across. I we're gonna listen to the snap. Ooh. Right. You get a nice snap. This is made with cacao and cane sugar seventy two percent, and it's got black California mission figs and what I really like about. This is how chewy the figs add to this sort of Zilkha milky. Dr CHA is also a saltiness to it which I love with chocolate. I know you do and speaking of salt number three is the good chocolate company. And this is their Himalayan salt. This is sixty five percent dark chocolate made in San Francisco. I included this because it has no sugar in it. What no sugar it done legal, right? Okay. Don't panic too much has stevia which is ner and sugar. Substitute extr. Acted from the leaves of the plant stevia, but see tastes this slowly. Jeremy you're gonna love the south, Robin. Tell me if you miss the sugar you start to taste the chocolate. You know, it's interesting. This is the one that tastes the most like milk chocolate. And it doesn't have a cigar. We'll you're really tasting the chocolate there. They also do a mint flavor that I really like we'll have all of these here now dot org. But all right. You guys. So I'm on the west coast. So we gotta be groovy here. Number four is the CBD chocolate coin. This is a small coin shaped in a like a coin gold foil. It's sixty one percent cacao. But what is interesting is that there is twenty five milligrams of hemp extract, so relaxed my body only. You sound different. Have bottles of this stuff from a natural food store at home because it's supposed to help with asleep and everything exactly nothing. So now, I'm going to pour it into my chocolate and drop it into your coffee. Although that'll keep you this. This contains a very small amount of CBD. It will not get you high. But you will have a reaction in your body. That's very subtle know hemp edibles are huge here. Jerry amount imported on Kathy Kathy lightning round here on five and six because we're running out of time. So number five number five. Interestingly is from Hawaii. It's an American grown cook cow the rich vertical soil Hawaii, and this has cocoa nibs. This is by the Wia layer estate against snap. It this is a single origin chocolate from Oahu in Hawaii. And I love the texture of this. The sixth one is ho chocolate Brooklyn, salted Rosemary. I love anything that you know, when you put her thanksgiving wonderful. Your Turkey met your. It'd be great. This is their salted Rosemary. They have super sexy. Labels. Really fun shock. We'll have it all and here. Now dot org are here. Now resident chef Kathy guns. Thanks has always been happy Valentine's Day, happy Valentine's Day. Hope you guys feel relaxed here now.