Tuesday, December 10th, 2019

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Hey this is David Green with a reminder that up I is what you need. What many of us need in this crowded news and information environment it's a way to quickly early and reliably get up to date on what's happening so that we can stay oriented day by day in a disorienting world up? I is made possible by your you're NPR station. So we ask that you support them before the year ends you can do that by going to donate dot. NPR DOT org slash up first and we really appreciate it. A lawyer for house. Democrats says this conclusion is inescapable president. Trump's actions are impeachable offenses today lawmakers revealed proposed articles of impeachment. How broad or how narrow could those charges be? I'm Steve inskeep with Rachel Martin and this is up I from NPR news the impeachment involves US aid for the war in Ukraine. President trump withheld that military assistance. Now the aid is flowing and the president's offensive Ukraine and Russia have agreed on a ceasefire. What's that agreement really do? And Will Russia ever give up land seized from country the US supports also what's the case against standardized testing a lawsuit challenges the University of California System to stop using it in the admissions process. Stay with us. We've got the news you need to start your day support for this podcast and the following message come from the capital one Walmart rewards card earned five percent back at Walmart online and two percent at Walmart in store restaurants and travel the capital one Walmart rewards card. What's in your wallet? Terms exclusions apply support also comes from Bayer. Her bare develops digital tools to help. Farmers use less water to grow their crops. From advances in health to innovations in agriculture bear is advancing science for a better life at bear. This is why we science quote. This is not a happy day. That is what reporters heard from house Foreign Affairs Committee. Chairman Eliot in English last night as he signalled plans by fellow Democrats to unveil articles of impeachment against President Trump. We expect to learn this morning. What those articles say? They are likely day to focus on the president's push to get Ukraine to make announcements that would embarrass Democrats. Daniel Goldman is a lawyer for a House Committee president trump's persistent and continuing effort to coerce a foreign country to help him cheat to win. Election is a clear and present danger to our free and fair our elections and to our national security joining us now. NPR senior political editor and correspondent Domenico Montanaro. Who listened into the hearing yesterday? Hey Domenico hither racial so so what did we learn from yesterday's hearing that could provide some clues about which articles of impeachment. We might see today. Well I mean the point of yesterday's hearing earing was for representatives of the Intelligence Committee to present the findings of their report to the Judiciary Committee. You had one. That was a majority report. You had one with a minority already parts that you had lawyers presenting this to the Judiciary Committee because the Judiciary Committee has a responsibility to write these articles of impeachment. And what it comes down to really is this. Yes I mean we expect. There'll be at least two articles of impeachment one related to abuse of power and bribery and one on obstruction of Congress. Democrats feel like they've made the case that they've presented overwhelming and compelling evidence that the president abused his power by pressuring a foreign country to help investigate a political rival to help us twenty twenty collection. That's essentially what it comes down to for them. Republicans think that that's just not true. They said that Ukrainian leaders say there was no pressure they aid was eventually released. And you know if you've been following every twist and turn. You probably didn't hear a lot. That was new yesterday but it was really a chance for them to boil down their arguments. So how did they go about doing that. Because because even though people have been following this incessantly may have heard some of these arguments. This is really a chance for them. To try. To create something really sinked to crystallize it in the public's mind right yeah and and you didn't have to go much. Further than the opening statements from our Congressman Jerry Nadler. Who is the House Judiciary Committee chairman? He opened the hearing got right to the point. He summed up what he sees. He's as the president's guilt this way. The evidence shows that Donald J trump the president of the United States has put himself before his country. He has violated his most basic responsibilities to the people. He has broken his oath. Yeah of course. Republicans did not agree with that ranking remember. Doug Collins of Georgia. He was pretty animated through much of the hearing. He accused Democrats of pursuing a personal vendetta. And here he was saying that impeaching president trump is all all about politics at the end of the day. All this is about is about a clock and a calendar because they can't get over the fact. Donald trump is president of the United States. And they don't have a candidate that they think can beat him so Dominica. You said at least two articles of impeachment about abuse of power and obstruction. But still we don't really have an idea of the scope of these right right. We expect to hear later this morning. What the exact articles will be a one sticking point with Democrats has been whether to bring an obstruction of justice article that hinges on instances of potential obstruction that was laid out in the Muller Russia? Investigation as a bit of turn because it doesn't have to do with this Ukraine mm pressure campaign but expect Democrats to say what trump has done as part of a larger pattern of behavior so we expect a vote in the judiciary committee that could take place by the end of this week. Then in a full vote in the House that Democrats are aiming to get done before Christmas setting up a Senate trial in January. All right appears a medical Montinaro. Thanks we appreciate it. You're welcome okay. So while the house is announcing articles of impeachment against President Trump for actions that ultimately benefited benefited Russia trump will be meeting with Russia's Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov Russia is throughout the story isn't it president trump delayed. US military aid eighteen crane. That aid is considered critical to Ukraine. Is it pushes back against a Russian incursion into its territory. That began in two thousand fourteen. Now Ukraine's President Vladimir is Linski and Russia's President Vladimir Putin met face to face for the first time yesterday in Paris and after that meeting they announced a ceasefire ear that is supposed to take hold at the end of the month we've got NPR's eleanor beardsley on the line shoes covering this historic meeting high on our. Hi Rachel so this is the first time these two the president's Alinsky and Putin have met kind of high intensity moment for these two leaders to just have like a meet and greet right absolutely and you know. The meetings went on for hours hours and broke up after midnight so they held a press conference after midnight. And you had this young neophyte politician meeting with the strong man who's run Russia for twenty years years and continues to create havoc in alinskyites country Ukraine. So everyone was watching faces and body language and right after host macron spoke Zielinski. The ski spoke and he and Putin far ends of the table separated by President Michel and German Chancellor Angela Merkel so Alinsky appeared nervous but what he said seemed heartfelt you can listen to him here Fugu ranging featuring cool your virtual so. He said he had all all of Ukrainians with him in Paris and felt their support he said he had truth with him. And the desire for justice and peace in his own country so that was very powerful. He said the meetings were long long. But they were concrete and important and that the dialogue had been on blocked and is Alinsky also stated that Ukraine was an independent and free country. And that its future we'll be decided by Ukrainians and he asserted that the Dawn Bass. That's the eastern Ukraine and Crimea part of Ukraine now remember Russia took Crimea away away from Ukraine. Five years ago. And it's still destabilizing the east. So how did Vladimir Putin respond to that well. He sat at the opposite end of the table. He sort of looked at his notes. He didn't give much facial expression he spoke at one. Point of the thirty eight million Russian speaking Ukrainians who needed consideration and remember Russia. It's in its research interests to keep a constant state of chaos and insecurity in limbo and Ukraine to make sure Ukraine doesn't go with the West get its act together you know and so Putin wants Ukraine in its sphere. But there's a new wind blowing Rachel Russia's very much suffering under the sanctions imposed after it took Crimea and analysts. Say That Putin may hey be ready to give a little to maybe get something back from the West interesting okay. So the ceasefire came out supposed to take hold at the end of the month. Other big decisions. Yeah well the ceasefire. Let's keep in mind. There have been twenty of them. So will this one hold probably one of the most concrete and important measures. They're going to exchange all of their prisoners before New Year's Eve as well. And that will that will be something that can really measure. And then by next March they said they will withdraw forces from three conflict zones and this crisis group will meet in four months months and keep going okay. Well we'll see NPR's Eleanor Beardsley in Paris. Thank you you're welcome. Anyone who's ever applied to go to college is probably familiar with this kind of dread mayangs Zaidi was really high in hard hard for me to calm myself down but I knew I had two comments don so that it connects on this test. Raina Edis is a high school senior in Santa Ana California and and the test she's referring to is the sat after taking that test three times. She's still is not sure that she's going to get the scores. She needs to get into College College as a Pre Med student plaintiffs in a lawsuit argue she should not be facing such anxiety. The suit to be filed today seeks to eliminate sat not and act test score requirements for the University of California system. We've got NPR's a list in studio to talk about it. Highly he reach. Oh Oh man that was bringing back my own name. I had to take that test at least twice so I feel for Raina who exactly is bringing suit yes. The lawsuits being filed by the pro bono firm the public council on behalf of students and a number of advocacy organizations. The complaint draws heavily on research that shows a much stronger connection between test scores and income rather than college success. And it's essentially saying requiring these tests in admissions. It's no longer a policy decision now. A legal won the suit. Claims by requiring these Tests the admissions process is illegally discriminating against applicants on the basis of race and wealth. And therefore it's denying them equal protection under the California Constitution addition because people with more access to resources to prepare for the test various. Yeah so I mean this really force the UC system to abandon the test that would be huge. Potentially really yeah. So what's interesting. Is that about fifty years ago. The University of California was one of the first schools to adopt. Sat as a requirement for admissions actually the companies behind the sat lobbied them pretty hard back then and in doing so in the late sixties. They signaled to other schools across the country to do the same so they sat this national president and back. Then there was a lot of debate within the System whether or not they should require these tests just last year. The president of the UC system ordered a task force to study the use of standardized tests in admissions. A few leaders have come out against against including these tests like the Chancellor of UC Berkeley a spokesperson for the UC president. Says they're waiting for the results of that task force before they make any big changes. What about the companies who make few standardized tests? I bet they have an opinion here. The folks say the test is not bias that blaming standardized tests for differences in educational quality and opportunities will not improve educational outcomes. The College Board which is behind the sat says grades and test. Scores are all pieces of the puzzle. College shouldn't take one metric in isolation so is the suit. It really necessary. Because aren't aren't there are schools already dropping the standardized tests. Yes Oh two thousand. Eighteen was a big year for schools. Going test optional. Nearly fifty schools announced announced new policies for going test if the University of California which is a big system with more than two hundred fifty thousand students were to follow suit. That would be a really big deal the test going test optional. It's just one piece so the entire admissions process is rife with inequality. A lot of it stems from K.. Through twelve we know that schools that served on white students tend to have fewer fewer resources and not as many AP or advanced courses NPR's a listen add Bernie. Thanks so much elissa makes And that is up I for this Tuesday December tenth. I'm Rachel Martin and I'm Steve INSKEEP. Join US here tomorrow. Subscribe to where you listen to podcasts. And rate and review us on Apple. Podcast we appreciate that each and every day you wake up with. NPR your NPR station makes up I possible every morning support them and support us at donate dot. NPR NPR DOT org slash up first and and just a reminder to get started with your donation to an NPR member station visit donate dot NPR dot. Org Slash up I or just text the word word up to the number four nine six four eight will send you a text message with a link where you can find your local station and make your contribution message and and data rates may apply you can visit. 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