Democracy Now! 2020-07-17 Friday

Automatic TRANSCRIPT

From New York. This is democracy now? He kind of frame narrative around disease outbreaks is something foreign like an encroachment from outside that invades us in kind of posits. These passive victims, but actually and I think that really obscures the larger story which is, there's a lot of human agency involved in how we're turning microbes into. Pathogenic. And pandemic causing pathogens. It's time to tell a new story about corona virus. Our lives depend on it as the United States shatters its record at Nineteen and Texas and Florida report their highest death tolls of the pandemic. We'll speak with science investigative journalists Sonia Shop. Then tm were Unisex is warning. Children face deadly hunger in h shortages as the covid nineteen pandemic spreads. Catholic! spanking deaths because the coronavirus. Diseases, the workers were not able to keep up with the digging, the Barrio and the finishing up graves. This comes after years of us-backed Saudi bombing in Yemen that's created the world's worst humanitarian crisis, and is the Center for Disease Control Says Unh- Oush. People living in encampment should be allowed to remain where they are to help. Stop the spread of covid nineteen. We go to Philadelphia where the Mayor's postponed the addiction of an encampment plan for this morning. We. Looked up? How dare? All that and more coming up. Welcome to democracy now democracy now dot org the quarantine report. I'm Amy Goodman. The United States has shattered its own record for Covid, nineteen, confirming seventy, five thousand six hundred cases of the disease on Thursday as Texas and Florida, both reported their highest death tolls of the pandemic speaking in an online forum hosted by facebook top US. Infectious Disease Expert Dr Anthony Fauci, said the records, Spike and infections, which is the worst in the world, resulted from states rushing to reopen their economies too quickly. You can't jump over steps, which is very perilous when you think about rebound and the proof of the pudding is look what's happened. There really is no reason why we're having forty fifty, sixty, thousand, other than the fact that we're not doing something correctly vouching with speaking with facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, Dr. Fatty said the US economy will continue to suffer unless the. The virus is brought under control through simple measures like mask-wearing avoiding crowds and practicing social distancing in Colorado Democratic governor jared police issued a statewide mask mandate Thursday a week after refusing public health officials pleased to require facial coverings and public, Arkansas, Republican Governor Asa Hutchinson issued a similar mask mandate in Georgia Republican governor Brian Kemp has filed a lawsuit seeking to overturn. And, Atlanta Mask Ordinance ordered by Mayor Kisha Lance Bottoms, who is at home sick with Cova meanwhile target and CVS became the latest major US retailers to require masks nationwide mayor Barrows is home diagnosed with Kovic as is her husband and her child in Detroit. Michigan Police arrested eleven people Thursday as they blocked school buses and non violent protests, demanding the cancellation of in person classes during the pandemic. At least six hundred children are attending summer classes at. At Detroit, area politics goals even as corona virus infections have been rising in Michigan for the last three weeks in Saint, Louis, Missouri contact tracers have linked the spread of corona virus to summer, extracurricular programs including football conditioning camps at two high schools despite the surge Missouri High School Football Games are set to begin August, twenty eighth at the white. House Press Secretary Kalay mcenaney was said Thursday science should not stand in the way of reopening schools. and. The president has said unmistakably that he wants to open, and I was just in the oval talking about that. And when he says open, he means open full kids being able to attend each and every day at school the science should not stand in the way of this in response American. Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten accused President trump in education secretary, betsy devos of disregarding the safety of children and school employees Weingarten told The Guardian quote. It's as if trump and devos want to create chaos and want to jeopardize reopening. There's no other reason why they would be this reckless this. This callous, this cruel, she said, in Brazil confirmed cases of coronavirus of surpassed the two million mark with an official Covid, nineteen death toll of more than seventy, six thousand India recorded another record daily toll as corona virus cases passed the one million mark. Several Indian states have reintroduced lockdown measures. They lifted just last month in eastern India flooding from monsoon rains has force more than a million people into shelters were social distancing is difficult or impossible in Bogota. Colombia doctors are demanding a citywide lockdown as a surge of covid, nineteen cases overwhelms hospitals. This is Dr. BAYONA president of the Colombian Medical College. In this, Kim says that's always. Emergency services overcrowded in some places. Respiratory rooms are at more than one hundred fifty percent occupancy, and that concerns us a lot. We're very close to collapse. Even in emergency wards, their patients on respirators that are waiting to be transferred to intensive care elsewhere and Columbia legal armed groups have been enforcing their own quarantine scenarios with limited government control, threatening civilians who failed to comply with orders by paramilitaries Human Rights Watch reports. At least nine people have been killed for defying the measures with some residents barred from leaving their homes even if they're sick. Back in the United States Republican leaders, said Thursday they'll scale back in person attendance at the Republican. National Convention in Jacksonville next. Month is Florida's suffers one of the world's worst outbreaks of covid nineteen, the Republican National Committees plans call for a mix of indoor and outdoor fence with only regular delegates permitted to attend the first three days of convention business about. Twenty five hundred people each day, when president trump formerly accepts the nomination August twenty seventh. The RNC plan calls for a crowd of up to seven thousand people. A federal judge on Thursday extended the deadline for immigration and Customs Enforcement or ice to release immigrant children and its custody last month. The US District Judge Dolly G told ICE IT had until today July seventeenth through release children from its family detention centers in Texas and Pennsylvania due to concerns over rising corona virus infections, ice now has until July twenty seven to comply with the order of this comes as another federal judge is poised to rule next week on the trump administration requests to keep immigrant families jailed and quote family detention centers, prompting fears that immigrant children could once again be separated from their parents. After a year long investigation US Customs and Border Protection says it's fired for employees and suspended dozens more without pay over their participation in a facebook group filled with racist, homophobic and misogynistic content. In one post, a photo shopped image depicted congressman Alexandra Cossio. Cortez being sexually assaulted by president trump and another thread, members of the group made fun of a video of an immigrant man, trying to carry a through a raging river in a plastic bag. One group member commented. At least it's already in a trash back. In Monroe Louisiana, a twenty six year old Guatemalan men in the custody of ice that's immigration and Customs Enforcement Forty six year old watermelon man has died in hospital where he'd been receiving care since February Louise Sanchez. Perez had been imprisoned at the Carter Hula Correctional Center. We're over one. Hundred have tested positive for covid. Nineteen ice alleges his death was unrelated to corona virus. The American Immigration Lawyers Association reports at. At. Least Thirteen asylum-seekers have died this year after being jailed by ice in Texas a Houston. Jail is reporting a new surge in corona virus cases linked to newly booked personnel confirmed cases at Harris County jail had dropped in recent weeks after the jail cut some of its population to ease and earlier outbreak, nearly thousand people held in jail have tested positive for covid nineteen since the start of the pandemic. In Portland. Oregon police arrested nine people. Thursday morning after declaring their protest encampment near a downtown federal courthouse and illegal assembly. The crackdown came as acting homeland. Security Secretary Chad. Wolf accused Portland officials of failing to restore order during seven weeks of protests that erupted after the killing of George Floyd during a visit to Portland. Thursday wolf blasted black lives matter protesters as lawless. Lawless anarchists and a violent mob that desecrated and destroyed Federal Property Oregon Governor Kate Brown clap back on twitter. Writing this political theater from President, trump has nothing to do with public safety. The president's failing to lead this nation. Now he's deploying federal officers to patrol the streets of Portland and a blatant abuse of power by the Federal Government Shoe said government Brown. That was governor Brown video circulating on Social Media Show heavily armed federal officers with no agency marking snatching people off Portland streets and forcing them into unmarked cars. Oregon public broadcasting reports. One protester ran when he saw people wearing camouflage jump out of an unmarked vehicle, not knowing whether he was being arrested or kidnapped. The, US Supreme Courts declined to overturn a lower court's ruling that could strip the voting rights of one million formerly incarcerated citizens in Florida in an unsigned opinion. The court let Stand Appeals Court ruling, upholding a Florida law signed by Republican Governor Ron Disentis that requires people with felony convictions to pay court, fines and fees before they can register to vote a US District Court previously compared the fees to the poll. Taxes of the Jim Crow South in a scathing dissent signed by justices, Kagan and. Justice Sonia. Sotomayor wrote quote. This court's order prevents thousands of otherwise eligible voters from participating in Florida's primary election, simply because they are poor unquote here in New York, hundreds of immigrant protesters camped out overnight outside Amazon. CEO Jeff Bezos as Penthouse apartment on Fifth Avenue calling for the passage of a New York state tax on billionaires, a proposed capital gains tax backed by Congress member. Alexander Custody Cortez would fun food and rental assistance for people who've lost jobs during the pandemic including immigrants shut out of unemployment, benefits and government stimulus funds. US, Canadian and British intelligence agencies on Thursday accused Russian hackers of stealing proprietary research on the development of vaccines for Covid nineteen the National Security Agency blamed the Russian hacker group known as cozy bear that intelligence officials accused of hacking into Democratic Party Service during the two thousand sixteen presidential campaign, the hacking claim has raised fears of growing vaccine nationalism with countries competing to become the first with the vaccine rather than sharing research data Dr. Ali Khan Dean of the College of Public Health at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. I know the Russian government or the bad guys, but I don't see. This is any different than stealing bread. If you're starving, make open source Dr. Cohen tweeted. Russia has denied the claims in climate news new research finds a record breaking heat wave in Siberia is directly linked to greenhouse gas emissions from human activity. The study by the U. K. Met Office finds temperatures in Russia's Arctic this year where five degrees Celsius, above historical averages, the report warns. Warns of the widespread melting of Siberian permafrost, an explosion of populations of soap moths that have damaged forests, helping to spark massive Arctic wildfires. Meanwhile, the United States is heading into a record breaking heat wave with forecasters warning nine Outta. Tenuous residents will experience high temperatures of ninety degrees, Fahrenheit or more over the next week Death Valley California reached one hundred twenty eight degrees, Fahrenheit Sunday just one degrees shy of the highest temperature ever recorded anywhere on earth. A federal judge has barred the trump administration from gutting an obama era rule, limiting emissions of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas Thursday's ruling by US District Judge. Yvonne Rogers will reimpose limits on the amount of methane that oil and gas companies can allowed to leak from drilling sites public lines. Scores of prominent environmentalists have signed an open letter demanding a halt, all investments in fossil fuel, exploration and extraction and immediate end to all fossil fuel subsidies there were also calling on member states the International. Criminal Court to make ecocide and international crime. The letter was written by Swedish climate. Activists could have to tune, but he who says world leaders need to face the climate emergency. We need to steed as above all. An existential crisis as long as it's not being treated as a crisis, we can have as many of these climate change negotiations. Talks conferences as possible. It won't change the thing in California twenty two year old transgender woman was found killed in an abandoned building in the city of Brawley earlier this week. Police are investigating the death. Maryland Casado's as a homicide custody. Aunt described her as charismatic, brave and outspoken. She's at least the twenty-third transgender gender non conforming person killed in the US this year. In sports news at least fifteen women have come forward with allegations of sexual harassment and verbal abuse against several executives and other employees of Washington's and team. The name is the R word in details provided to the Washington Post the women describe male executives constantly commenting on their locks, sending inappropriate text messages and pursuing unwanted relationships. The team announced this week it could be changing its name and its mascot, a racist slur against native Americans which at first adopted in one, thousand, nine, hundred, thirty three. A tell all book. By president trump's knee sold nearly one million copies Thursday on its first day of publication record for publisher, Simon and Schuster in her book titled Too Much and Never Enough, how my family created the world's most dangerous man, clinical psychologist Mary Trump describes her uncle donald as a sociopath who grew up in a dysfunctional family that fostered his greed and cruelty on Thursday Mary. Trump told MSNBC host Rachel maddow. She's heard her uncle. Repeatedly US racists language. Have, you heard. The president used the N. word. And Antisemitic slurs specifically. And former game show host, who's conspiracy theory about corona virus was recently re tweeted by President Trump has revealed his son contract. Cova nineteen over the weekend president trump re tweeted acclaimed by chuck woolery, the former host of love connection that quote the most outrageous lies are the ones about covid nineteen. Everyone's lying the media. Democrats are doctors a day after woolery tweeted quote cove in one, thousand nine hundred is real, and it is here. My son tested positive for the virus, and I feel for those suffering, and especially for those who lost loved ones. President. Trump did not re tweet that tweet on Wednesday. woolery abruptly deactivated his twitter account. And those are some of the headlines. This is democracy now. Democracy now dot org quarantine report. I'm Amy Goodman. We begin today's show in Yemen where UNICEF is warning. Children face deadly hunger and shortages as the covid nineteen pandemic spread through a country that already faces the world's worst humanitarian crisis. This comes as medical workers say. A us-backed Saudi led bombing raid on a residential neighborhood in northern Yemen Wednesday, Killed Twenty five civilians critically injured nine others. A local doctor treated several injured children. Found Injured victims are all children. Received three or four people can beat mortared women and children. In today's a painful and sad day for the Free Yemeni people. The Yemen data project estimates. The Saudi led coalition has carried out more than twenty one thousand airstrikes in five years of war, killing more than eighty seven hundred civilians. Most of the raids were carried out with weapons sold by the United States, and they haven't stopped even amidst the global pandemic, meanwhile, the United Nations warning of a looming environmental disaster in the Red Sea. Where stricken oil tankers been abandoned off Yemen's coast since the war began five years ago, the vessel loaded with more than a million barrels of crude oil four times as much oil has spilled from the Exxon Valdez off Alaska in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, nine, you, humanitarian affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock, said Wednesday. A spill would directly affect one point six million Yemenis. Every fishing communities along Yemen's west coast would see their livelihoods. Collapse I'm would suffer substantial economic losses. About Ninety percent of in these communities, Reggie needs humanitarian. Assistance All of this is happening as the US back Saudi. Bombing Campaign in Yemen has been devastated by a conflict leaving millions of people without access to proper healthcare clean water sanitation for more. We're joined by Shreen Allah Dini Yemeni scholar. And? Assistant Professor at Michigan State University Welcome back to democracy. Now it's great to have you with US professor Jimmy. Can you start off by talking about the situation of the corona virus and Yemen right now? A country devastated by the US back Saudi bombing. Thank you for having me back on the situation like a as you said as dire, said this before, but every time I come on the show. It just seems to be getting worse, and the reason is because the war continues. The bombing continues. The blockade is still enforced and so a coronavirus. Initially, they weren't a lot of cases. They weren't any recorded cases until April. But ever, since then it's you know starting to wreak havoc and racine death rates that are just astronomical were seeing thirty percent nearly thirty percent death rates from coronavirus in the cases that have been documented in Yemen, which is of course very difficult to do. Given the healthcare crisis in the ongoing blockade in the shortage of medicine and fuel and. All the things that needed to keep hospitals functioning. I want to turn to the Yemeni epidemiologists have half who speaking to the BBC. goes out. The medical team knew this was covert nineteen. The authorities didn't announce it, but then the cases started to increase rapidly the next day there were seventeen confirmed cases the day after another twenty two. Then we started hearing. People were dying in their homes. Professor Sharona. Demi, you're here in Michigan where you teach. Your family remains in Yemen. How are they doing in the midst of this pandemic? There's not much that they can do given that. Livelihoods depend on those of them who are still able to work still have to go out and work. If you're talking about for example protecting themselves from masks, they try to do or with masks. They try to do what they can, but you know it's not easy to purchase these things There's a lot of misinformation. People are just not sure. Should they be taking precautions? Is this really happening? You know as the interviewee said you know they were certain. This was happening, but they weren't being announced so. People are still unsure about what's happening, but they're also not able to kind of take precautions that we're able to take. Many of us are able to take here for example, there's seventeen million people in Yemen. That's about fifty six percent of the population doesn't have access to clean water this drinking water. So how are they gonNA use soap and water to wash their hands frequently. We have three four million people internally who are internally displaced that are in camps. How are they going to social distance where they're going to get water where they GONNA get food? You have eighty percent of the population. That's immuno-compromised because they're hungry and so you know this isn't a country that's. Kind of precautions. So people are confused. They know that a lot of people are dying around. We've heard of many people in Friends Mike my parents swear. Professors are university and we received a list of all of these people who died many of them were their former colleagues. We don't know for sure if it was because of coronavirus or not, but chances are you know? The coronavirus, or when one of the many outbreaks that are currently plaguing the Yemeni healthcare system are your family members or any sick with Cova. A WE, did have, family members, WHO! Again. They weren't tested because they can't get tested, but they. The symptoms seem to be coronavirus. Symptoms so far they've recovered. You know we're still keeping in touch with them in jump. There's very little anybody can do. Can you talk about? The US back, Saudi bombing campaign ease it still going on through the pandemic can what have been the US measures that have been taken or not taken. Here's the really frustrating, amy. All of this is happening and the US is still helping the Saudis and the teams drowns and Yemen two days ago. Sixteen people were killed in an airstrike and mostly women and children. Today's before that eleven people were killed the near strike, and so the airstrikes are still ongoing. The blockade is still ongoing and. This is in the middle of pandemic and you know I I can't imagine a country that has a worse than Yemen. Currently it was the world's worst humanitarian crisis before Kobe, and because of the US intervention, and now it's even worse than that, and so there's a fuel crisis where people aren't. You know they're queuing for fuel form. Sunrise to sunset and often they're still not able to get any fuel. Those fuel of course is needed to run the generators the The water pumps the ventilators, the very few hundred ventilators that remain in the country. And so this will be absolutely catch catastrophic, and it's all because of the root cause, which is this ongoing bombardment of Yemen and the ongoing blockade that's enforced by the Saudi led coalition. President trump vetoed legislation last year. Bipartisan legislation that sought to bring us complicity and the war to an end. What do you think Congress should be doing right now? It it took Congress for years to pass that legislation, which is frankly unacceptable given that they agree that this was an unconstitutional war. The started of course by Obama with Obama, and continued into the trump presidency and four years later It was great that we had this bipartisan bill. It was vetoed, but you know. The role of Congress shouldn't and right there. It was predicted that trump was gonNA veto this. Of course he has spoken publicly about the support. His support for the Saudi led coalition because of all the contracts for the weapon. For the defense industry here. But you know Congress. Still has the authority to declare war any I don't think that they should be giving up. We haven't had any kind of debate on Yemen for a year and a half since this bill was passed, and so I would urge them to introduce legislation that continues to challenge this. There are ways to introduce legislation that his veto proof, and that's what they have to keep going. This can't be an issue that is. Discussed, for a very short period of time, and then forgotten about because the suffering is just unbelievable and we're GONNA have millions of people dead before. I think anybody wants to do anything about it, and then it's going to be too late. There's been a lot of blame on migrants passing through Yemen that they're bringing cove in nineteen in without discussing the devastation that the bombing, the constant bombing of Yemen has caused. Such A. Destruction of the infrastructure. Absolutely. I mean there is no infrastructure to speak of half the hospitals have been bond. The other half are barely functioning at ten percent capacity. The blockade is preventing important medicine from entering the country. There's a shortage of personnel. The Health Ministry hasn't been able to pay people for two years, and so people are volunteering in these hospitals. and. Migrants! Of course they're the most vulnerable situation, the most vulnerable situation because if you have to cross tm into, get to your destination. You know that's a very awful thing to have to do. And before the war force Yemen was home to many migrants Hundreds of thousands of migrants from East Africa. and Vice Versa but the situation right now is dire for everybody and we. We can't talk about these things in isolation. The root causes here is that Yemen is under occupation? It's under bombardment. It's under a blockade. That's killing. A child every ten minutes at least for the last five years from preventable in this is like cholera, diphtheria fever child could die from simple fever, because there's no medicine to relieve fever, children are starving to death. Because there's no, there's no water and so. We really have to be talking about the root causes, and not think about all of these as as I selected incidents. And the problem of people already grappling with Diptheria Dang Gay Cholera in Yemen. Absolutely, H, one n one, and so therefore outbreaks that are currently stressing the whatever remaining healthcare system. Is in Yemen and now out on top of that caller. Sorry coronavirus and there's really no way to. Track it to treat it to you know supply people with the kinds of medicines that they need. There's only three hundred ventilators in the entire. Country of thirty million people. And so you know what are people gonNA. Do they just expect they're going to die? From from whatever diseases come at the next, so your message to lawmakers here in the United. States and to the world professor -ality me. And it's really time to take back responsibility and for people to be held accountable for this. This is trump's war and this is congress. Doing if they continue to stay silent, while he is perpetuating this violence against these and the countries like Canada or France or the UK or Germany. Countries are benefiting still from the sale of weapons to the Saudis and MIT's. You can't go and say well. We want peace in Yemen when you are actively profiting from the war in Yemen, participating in the killing of civilians in Yemen and so I think Yemenis feel like the international community has let them down absolutely. Let them down but it's really time to. Stop blaming people who are occupied and think about the people who are occupying them and bombing them and starving them to death, and it's time to put an end to all of that. Serena. Thank you for being with us? Yemeni scholar Activists Assistant Professor at Michigan State University in east. Lansing next up. It's time to tell a new story. ABOUT CORONA VIRUS! Our lives depend on it. That's the headline of a new piece by science investigative journalist. Sonia stay with us. Hud. Yemeni artists singing at home is part of the Social Media Campaign Hashtag. Remote Yemeni arch. This is democracy. Now I'm amy, Goodman the quarantine report the united. States hit an all time high of seventy, five, thousand, six hundred new covid cases Thursday. The largest number recorded in a single day since the pandemic began, and that number's expected to be much higher as it's increasingly difficult now to get tests across the country in some places and Texas and Arizona and other states, the lines are hours hours long Texas and Florida hit record covid nineteen daily death tolls Thursday, Joining Alabama Arizona Hawaii Idaho Montana Oregon South Carolina and Utah which also their highest number of dead in a single day this week. As the US spirals into a disaster that public health experts warn could get much worse in the fall. Half of the states in the country have now issued mask mandates, but some Republican leaders are continuing to fight the basic public health measure. Georgia governor Brian Kemp suspended local mask requirements this week and has sued the city of Atlanta, and it's mayor mayor bottoms for its mask. Man Take President. Trump has repeatedly refused to wear a mask as he did. When he landed in Atlanta this week a university of Washington motto predicts near Universal. mask-wearing could save up to twenty eight thousand lives in the US before October first top US infectious disease expert Dr Anthony Found. She said Thursday. The spike in Corona virus cases resulted from states rushing to reopen their economies. And that the economy will continue to suffer, unless the virus is brought under control through simple measures like mask-wearing, avoiding crowds and practicing social distancing despite this president, trump and education secretary, Betsy Devos are continuing to push schools to reopen in person in the fall. This is the White House press secretary speaking at the White House. The president has said unmistakably that he wants to open, and I was just in the oval, talking him about that, and when he says open, open and full kids being able to attend each and every day at their school, the science should not stand in the way of this. We're joined right now by Sonia Shah Investigative Journalist, and the author of pandemic tracking contagion, from Colorado, table, and beyond and the next great migration, the beauty terror of life on the move, her new piece for the nation's headlined. It's time to tell a new story about corona virus. Our lives depend on it. Welcome back to democracy now. Sonia Shah. What is that new story that must be told. Well I think the way we think about infectious diseases like covid nineteen is as if they are a foreign incursion that we have to repel with military might and weaponry, but in fact we're not passive victims of these things. There's a lot of human agency involved in the infectious disease process and I think we need to start talking about. COVID nineteen and other infectious diseases as the social and political phenomenon that they also are. So talk about that further. Elaborate on what you think is the real crisis here and that even find a vaccine is not going to cure that catastrophe. We're facing. Right so so the the way we talk about the disease. That that is, what propels our policy responses, so if we think of it as a foreign incursion than we want to do things like close the borders, or you know control people's movements who are unwanted people's movements, and we want to create these weapons, vaccines and drugs, and you know that might work for older diseases that we already had under control, but when you have a brand new disease like this one, and we're already seeing this, you cannot make a drug or vaccine fast enough to protect people from the first wave, and the first wave is the most deadly wave because that's when we have no immunity at all. And we're. We're seeing the effect of that now. Instead of spending you know, we should have been spending way more time and resources prioritizing collective actions, which were having so much difficulty doing now sort of after the fact after we've had these huge outbreaks may have so much virus around now. We're trying to talk about well. Maybe we should wear masks. Maybe we should stay home. Maybe we should close restaurants. We should have been doing that early on and I. Think if. If we had told a different story about this pathogen that it is a social phenomenon that it is within our ability to arrest. It's spread by changing our behavior through cooperative actions together. I think we might have been in a different place. Some might say that the best vaccine for the Corona Virus is Medicare for all is health care for all. Can you fit the disparities the racial disparities and who lives and who dies who get sick and who doesn't into that? Yeah I think that's absolutely right. I mean I think when we spent. If we look at where we're spending our resources as a nation where we're spending our attention, it's very much into this market driven proprietary. Vaccine Development Development, and that serve certain interests. Of course those companies are going to make a lot of money. You get a Lotta Glory for creating a vaccine. Of course. The vaccine will help us if we actually ever get one. But the people who can wait for the vaccine have privileges right. There's a lot of people who can't wait for a vaccine. to, collective actions and behavior changes now we need everyone on board, so we need to build that trust up again. And to think of this disease is something that is within our power. We are not the passive victims that we blame other people for. The that they're bringing it to us, and we need to keep them out, or we need to have weapons to destroy the microbes in their bodies. We need to think of it as something you know all these microbes. They have no independent locomotion. They rely entirely on us to spread from one person to the next. So even if you have the introduction of a deadly pathogen community and we've seen this over time, historically you may not have an epidemic if behaviors don't sustain it, so these are things that we have to. Rethink what our role is in the disease, process Sonia Sean, gives us a history lesson. Take us back through the contagion from eighteen thirty two cholera outbreak in nineteen in eighteen, thirty two and come to the to the present. To Win Cholera first emerged in the eighteen hundreds was like covid nineteen today brand new disease. No one had ever seen anything like it. It tore across. The world started in South Asia moved up into Europe, and then across into North America, and it was carried through contaminated water people in New York. Physicians collected data showing very clearly that cholera was coming down. The Hudson River is coming down the Erie Canal heading straight for New York City, but a commercial interests at the time said well, we cannot quarantine the waterways because that would be too disruptive to trade and so public health. Public Health. Interventions never included any quarantines of the waterways So that was part of the resistance to controlling the disease was just it was too costly to the economy, but the other part of it was that it. It wasn't the way they understood the disease. The way they understood diseases at that time was that. Disease contagious diseases or carried into air that these were carried by me as Mazey's smelly clouds of gas that if you inhale them that that's what would make you sick so rather than quarantining the waterways, people did things like string up sides of beef to soak up the cholera vapors, or they burned barrels of tar. To repel the asthma's in the city of London. People would install flush toilets. What they called water closets, not because he wanted to get rid of human waste and contain human waste, which was in fact contaminated with cholera, but because he wanted to get rid of the smells, and so since they didn't care about the contents of their privies outhouses, they dumped all of that human waste into their drinking water into the river tens, and after every cholera outbreak, they actually installed more flush toilets to. Dump more human waste into the rivers and their drinking water, rather than less than so they probably made cholera a lot worse, and so we had these cholera outbreaks, continuing for nearly a century over eighteen over that sent over the nineteenth century, and thousands and thousands of people died, of course, and then talk about how society has dealt with for example, Zeka and Ebola, and how covert nineteen is different from those pandemics. Zeke any below never really became full on. Down and pandemic of course, but as as outbreaks. there. You know that those are much more have been much more containable, but I think it's you know. This is the same approach where we look for drugs and vaccines rather than looking at the deep root cod, as which are. Human driven. All of these things are coming out of wildlife in animals. All of these microbes live animals and wildlife and are harmless in those environments. So we think of them as invading us, but what's really happening is we're invading their territory so when we invade wildlife habitat, we destroy where the bats roost, and so they don't just go away. They come in living our farms in backyards instead. And that facilities, all kinds of novel intimate contact between Wildlife and human bodies, whether it's wildlife, trade, or Bushmeat, hunting, or wet markets, or you know casual contact any number of those things we are not getting at those root causes, and so since nineteen forty we've had hundreds of these new pathogens emerge whether it's Ebola in west Africa where it had never been seen before Zeka in. In the Americas were, it had never been seen before or this new corona virus and so this is this is a drip drip drip of new pathogens that are merging, and it's the underlying reasons, or because of the way we're interacting with the environment and with nature, these are things that are under control, so we need to start talking about it that way rather than. Casting ourselves it's sort of the passive victims of these foreign invading germs. People in many cases are you learning the words zoonotic disease for the first time the spillover, the jumping from animals to humans If you could explain that further just what you were talking about. So about sixty percent of the new pathogens that we've been seeing since nineteen forty originate in the bodies of animals about seventy percent of them in in the bodies of wild animals, those are not microbes. It caused disease in those creatures, so just like we have lots of microbes live in our bodies. They don't make us sick. You know we have you know things in guts and they don't make us sick. They actually are beneficial to us. So those microbes are living in animals bodies. When we come into novel intimate contact with those animals say for example if a bat. There's bad excreta around, and your kid is playing your tree and gets a little bit about on their hands, and put their puts their hand in their mouth, the microbes that live inside the bats body then enter the human body, if that happens again and again often enough, that micro will start to adapt to the human body, and like every other living thing when it finds a new territory to exploit, it starts to thrive starts to adapt and evolve to to to colonize that new environment and. And, so that's how these new pathogens are being born we are creating these bridges between wild between the bodies of wild animals and our own bodies, because we're destroying so much of the habitat that where they live in so instead of these animals living in far off places where they don't encounter us very much. We are cutting down the forest and paving over the wetlands where they would normally live in instead they're coming in living in our farms and gardens and backyard's instead with the climate. Prediction beating the climate crisis contributing to this. Yes we'll because of the climate crisis. We also have wild animals moving in all new all different places, right we have eighty percent of wild species are on the move right now moving into into the heights, and towards the Poles and so they are encountering new human populations as they move into new places, and those movements, of course, our life saving for them, but it just adds to these collisions between humans microbes in animals, and that is the process that brings us new diseases. So you shot before we end I wanted to get into what you think are some solutions for example explain the concept of one health. To one health is a concept in public health circles, and as a theoretical construct. It's gotten a lot of purchase. The idea is that human health is not just the absence of pathogens or the absence of certain kinds of sicknesses human is connected to the health of our livestock, the health of our wildlife and the health of our ecosystems, and so if we think of human health that way, then it's not just an issue for biomedical experts. It's not just an issue for drug companies to come up. Up with new medicines and new vaccines for us what we have to create good health is to make sure that our livestock are healthy to make sure that our wildlife is healthy and to make sure our ecosystems are healthy, so that's the idea of one health at an operationalized on a on a kind of a low level. There's a lot more we can do to make the one health appro, no more common, but it's starting, so it's there. Um and I think this is something that is. A promise as we move into this new era. Seeing a lot more of these emerging and You know in our headlines Today we covered the story of the U. K Canada and the United States. Saying that Russia is trying to hack. The vaccine research that's being done in different countries I was wondering and of course Russia is denying this if you can talk about vaccine nationalism. Instead of sharing knowledge to cure the world, countries are racing to be the first to make the sane, and then get a monopoly on it. We just spoke to Dr. Ali Khan who is a former CDC official and now dean of the. School University of Nebraska. And he just tweeted that. If all of this were open source, then you wouldn't have the time spent on these accusations. Absolutely I think that I think he's absolutely right. It needs to be a open source, and this goes back to the whole way. We think about diseases as a problem of foreign invasion. Really lends itself to these nationalistic kind of enterprises. Well, we need to come up with our own thing to our people with our weapon. Instead of but what we have already seen is the only thing that is helping in this last six months is international solidarity. It's the fact that we understand so much about the disease, because scientists in China and Europe and elsewhere have been sharing data with people with other scientists around the world. That's what is actually helping US understand. How does this thing spread from one person to another? How much how much pathogen do you need to have an infectious dose? Do Masks really work? Does hand washing really work all of these things we're learning because of international solidarity across borders, these international scientific collaborations which are really unheard of. Unprecedented amount of. Collaboration that's happening across borders right now, and that's what we need to support moving forward this whole idea a. Vaccine Search! That's funded through taxpayer dollars to a large extent and yet being capitalizing and creating creating proprietary products, instead is going in the absolute wrong direction. There's a front page piece in the New York Times today. Unproven firm got one point six billion dollars to find a cure for vaccine research. But this issue of where the money goes, and where the money could be better spent makes me think about Jonas Salk, who refused to? Make the pro polio vaccine. Let it be trademarked. He said it must be free to all. Yeah absolutely and I think the other part of it. Amy Is that we have put a lot of faith in stock into vaccine development, and I think you know I think if you look at the history of our viral threats are microbial threats has been very few that we've been able to control our even radic kate through vaccines. There's only been one that we've actually ever radical through a vaccine. And that was smallpox, and that was actually the smallpox vaccine was not based on a proprietary high-tech. high-tech process it was based on a folk remedy that had been developed for hundreds of years in Asia and Africa, so this idea that we can very rapidly produce this product and it's going to save us all I think is a little bit exaggerated. When you really consider the whole history of how vaccines have have been able to control contagious diseases, and almost all the big diseases, we've encountered in our history whether it's cholera, malaria, tuberculosis, etc, it's been behavior change that is has changed that has. Saved us from the Ben Housing Reform and Social Forum. Sanitary form clean water. All of those things hard wine, social changes that actually build us out of the contagious way of life. Sonia shy I wanNA. Thank you for being with us and end with the exact quote of Jonas Salk. He was asked by Ed Murrow. Who owns this? This patent? Soak replied well. The people I would say there is no patent. Could you patent the sun? He asked. Sonya Shah Science investigative journalist author of pandemic tracking contagion from Colorado be Ebola and beyond as well as the next great migration, the beauty and terror of life on the move. We'll link to your latest article published in the nation. It's headlined. It's time to tell a new story about corona virus. Our lives depend on it. When we come back the Center for Disease Control says on. How is people living? An encampment should be allowed to remain there which will help stop the spread of covid nineteen. We'll go to Philadelphia stay with us. More. That, I noticed. Have Mercy Aaron Allen Kane. This is democracy now. The quarantine report I made me Goodman as public health officials plead with people to follow guidance from the Centers for disease. Control and Prevention to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Many cities are going against these recommendations when it comes to working with people who are on housed CDC guideline state quote, if individual housing options are not available, allow people who are living unsheltered or an encampments to remain where they are. Are, unquote, despite this sweeps have been conducted in new. York Saint Louis Minneapolis deliver, and elsewhere for more. We go to Philadelphia where the mayor has postponed. The addiction of an encampment of allows people that was scheduled for this morning about right now. In fact, Philadelphia Mayor Jim Kenney said in a statement Thursday the camp quote cast an important light on the racial inequities in our society impact homelessness and said he's committed to taking steps to provide affordable housing. For more, we're going to go to one of those encampments of in House. People near the Benjamin Franklin Parkway! And Join Sterling Johnson and organizer with Black and Brown Workers Cooperative in Philadelphia spokesperson for Philadelphia. Action Sterling Johnson welcomed democracy now. Please describe for us where you are and what's happening at this encampment. So thank you. For having US right now we are at. Read between the city. Hall and Art Museum. it's called the Vo von Kohl memorial field, the James Setup Dina, encampment. We have taken this face of occupied this face. It is right in front of the Parktown Plaza. That's where people pay about five thousand a month to stay in. There is a very very. Open and clear occupation of land that is not meant for us. Talk about how it is that. The encampment of on House people manage to get the mayor not to raid and take down this encampment today. What kind of negotiations have been taking place? So. Upon. Setting up tents, they did contact me specifically. About negotiation, we had been in negotiations for a long period of time. We'd had eight demands. The first demand was to transfer. The vacant homes that the city of Philadelphia and the Housing Authority Philadelphia. Housing Authority own into a community land trusts. They refused to talk to us about those issues. They raise many other issues. That were important, but they refused to talk about those they then. We decided that we would walk out that we needed to have a one conversation that was about permanent housing. Upon doing that then they started to escalate into threaten us. Cut Our sanitation contracts. We then engage them again. And that is where we're at now. They've decided to the table with the May. The actual mayor and the actual housing authority CEO to have a real conversation about permanent low income housing. Last month, one of your fellow housing activists Jennifer Bennett and nounce they were helping in house. Families Occupy multiple homes in this clip from an interview with Unicorn Riot. She describes who owns the homes. So we're over here, right across the street from the forty five million dollar housing authority headquarters where we just broke at news and if you look over and. Begin, public? Housing? Authority owned properties are Housing Authority as I? Say earlier is processing applications from twenty ten has stopped applications in two thousand thirteen, but there are just baking properties. Who Three right here? There's two more. Down there at the end, all of these lattes are also owned by the Housing Authority. That's Jennifer Bench. Front of all these closed homes boarded poems. Sterling. Can you tell us? WHAT IS THE PHILADELPHIA Housing Authority? How many homes does it own? How many are empty? So the Housing Authority as the largest. Housing provider in the city of Philadelphia they have a weightless where nobody has moved. Well that has been closed since two thousand thirteen they are a group that has a history of Mathewson's has a history of corruption of using money for other. For other. For to make market rate housing, they have a history of properties. They have a history of taking black and Brown homeowners properties and giving them. dimes on their for their properties, for they have a history of also putting money into their headquarters, which is forty five billion dollars, and and not really focusing on the people that are around them. The Housing Authority has about five thousand vacant properties right now. We want to use them to creates. Actually Land Trust what they want to do. Is You auction them off to private developers every single year? So, they can. Act as a private rental company a real estate company. We have decided to occupy those homes. We don't believe that it's a crime to place a family with small children into a home, so they can sleep safely and soundly. Those aren't crimes. That's an act of love. You know it's. It's really important to see what the Housing Authority in Philadelphia and not only Philadelphia, but other other housing authority across the country have been doing to. Privatize, public property this is. Public property. So Sterling, I want to ask you about the resignation. This week of the Philadelphia Mayor Jim Kenney second-in-command managing. Brian Abernathy who face criticism for his handling of homeless services and policing. It's been reported investigators from a police counter terrorism unit. visited the home of a Philadelphia Man Jose DeMarco. WHO SENT FLOWER ARRANGEMENTS TO ABERNATHY? As part of a demonstration to call attention to the Cova death of a man living in a shelter and the city's affordable housing crisis talk about the resignation. And what this was all about? It's very important to to see the response to legitimate. Legitimate protests. Jose DEMARCO is an organizer for active Philadelphia. We are coalition of groups that. Talk to the of services and talk to him specifically about all the trouble that people are going to. Have staying at home due to Covid nineteen. They continued to increase the budget for the police. They continued to say that they were doing what they could for homeless services. We know that's not true when they cut the budget by twelve million. We have a call to defend the police and invest in housing. Invest in the people that are here invest. Don't take a federal money. That's supposed to people experiencing homelessness and give it to the police. That's very simple very simple as Sterling, Johnson talk about what's next. The Philadelphia Mayor says he plans to meet with the in campus organizers. Directly, next week, will you be there? What do you plan to tell him? You're standing in front of this tent encampment. It's not the only encampment to say the least and Philadelphia and will you also be able to meet with Kelvin Jeremiah CEO of the Housing Authority and we just have thirty seconds. Yes. They both said that they will meet. Kenny and Jeremiah have said that they will meet with us. We will tell them that this is not for us. You're not the beneficiaries of this. We have a deep deep love for everybody that is low and no income. We're not asking for affordable housing. Housing for no income, people for disabled people I'm a disabled person. We deserve every right to stay in this city and to live peacefully and sterling. How are you keeping safe? I see you've got a mask that you've pulled down just for this interview. How are folks staying safe in this last ten seconds? Yes. We have regular testing. We have hand washing. We have hand sanitizer little medic tents. We care about everybody in this community cares about each other in might shock people to know the CDC recommendation. Is that Peon House people not be moved from encampments like yours five seconds sterling. Of course, yes. Build Avi has rejected. That has told us that as one bands opinion. We have that on video sterling, Johnson I want to thank you for being with us. Organizer with Black and Brown Workers Cooperative in Philadelphia spokesperson for Philadelphia Housing, Action. That does it for our show. Wear a mask. Stay Safe and save lives I'm Amy Goodman. Thanks for joining us.

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