How Electronic Communication Gets You in Trouble & The History of Your Favorite Halloween Candy
Today on something you should know some simple proven ways to de-stress one. Just requires you listen to a particular song from nineteen seventy two then electron of communication like texting Email is good for something's bad for others. You can never ever ever do anything truly important or changing via Email. You can't fire. Somebody can't hire. Somebody can't break up with them on a mentally chicken, arted and Weasley don't do it. Plus, why do some people like sweet snacks some like salty snacks and others like both and with Halloween approaching? You'll hear the fascinating stories behind some of your favorite Halloween candy's. The reason why reese's peanut butter cups became so popular. It's because they have this unique taste and the reason for this is actually caused by an accident. All this today on something, you should know. If you're a regular listener to this podcast. You know, we've talked about the idea that we're also connected to current events and to our bosses and co workers and loved ones. And yet as connected as we are at the end of the day were somehow more isolated than ever. Well, the logic Woodlock hopes to change that they strongly believe it sometimes you need to disconnect in order to reconnect. The logic would lock is an all inclusive destination spa at truly feels worlds away. Even though it's just a short drive from New York City, Philadelphia and Washington DC, they're long list of awards speak for themselves. The logic Woodlock has this philosophy of personal awakening by helping guests. Take a step out of their day to day routine and reconnect and discover passion and hobbies that ignite their spirit. They return home ready to connect with themselves. And loved ones in a meaningful way. Check out the lodge at Woodlock and then call one eight hundred Woodlock it's W O D L O C H mention promo code something to receive a fifty dollar resort credit per day. Terms and conditions apply. Somethingyoushouldknow fascinating Intel the world's top. I and practical and fines you can use in your life today. Somethingyoushouldknow Mike Carruthers. Hi, welcome. I like to mention from time to time that you can contact me at any time via Email with a question. Comment compliment complaint. I like the compliments more than the complaints. But but I'm tough, I can take it. You can reach me anytime by Email at Mike at somethingyoushouldknow dot net. First up today, sometimes you just need to chill out. So here are some proven ways that will de-stress you quickly. When you feel like you're gonna lose it. I is smell the coffee. Our sense of smell is ten thousand times more powerful than any other sense in the body. Smelling coffee or citrus fruit helps to de-stress you by creating balance between your nervous system, brain chemistry and hormones eat. Honey, researchers in New Zealand confirmed that long held belief that among its many healing properties. Honey, reduces anxiety and calms the mind have a good laugh or a cry. Both stimulate the Vegas nerve, which reduces the levels of cortisol the stress hormone in your blood and increases serotonin production in your brain, a good laugh, also boosts your energy and a study shows that it may improve short term memory as. As you get older run cold water over your wrists by dripping cool water on pressure points on your wrist and splashing it. Behind your ears. You cool the arteries right under your skin taking the heat down a notch and calming your entire body. Listen to birds real or recorded, the sound of birds in the wild can have a restorative effect on you, and although there is no scientific evidence. We can find people swear that listening to the nineteen seventy two song. I can see clearly now by Johnny Nash can have instant stress reducing effects and make you more optimistic. And that is something you should know. Think for a moment about how you communicate with people throughout your day. I suspect more of it is not face to face than is face to face is telephone Email texting social media, even notes in memos on old fashioned paper. But the point is that it's not face to face, and that can lead to miscommunication, misunderstandings, and real problems between people that could be avoided. If you understand the strategies that make virtual communication more precise. And here to explain it is communications expert, Nick Morgan, he regularly appears on CNN, and he is author of a new book called can you hear me how to connect with people in a virtual world. Hey, Nick, welcome. Hey, mike. Thanks for having me on your show. It's great to be with you. So I'm sure everyone has misunderstood a text or read something in an Email that the sender. Never intended. So the experience is pretty universal. But it does seem to come with the territory. I mean without without voice inflection or facial cues. We tend to assume we know what the sender is saying, and and sometimes we're wrong. So why do we keep doing the conveniences of virtual communication are so powerful that they're here to stay. The issue is just there is a huge downside that we hadn't been fully aware of. And we're slowly getting aware of it, which is that virtual communication strip out the emotional subtext that were so used to getting face to face. We don't think of it this way but face to face communication is actually very efficient for humans. We get together. And with rolling of the eyes and nodding of the head and smiling and flinching and scowling we we exchange a huge amount of motion emotional information with each other about what are intense are what you think what you're thinking. I'm thinking how I'm reacting to what you're saying. How you're reacting what I'm saying all of that. It's something that humans care about very much. We care about each other's intent. And so what happens in the virtual world is it's much much harder to get that intent to get a clear reading on that intent. And so we struggle. We assume the worst because in a sense, it makes perfect sense for us to assume the worst because that's liable to keep us alive. And so when we don't get information about what the other person's intent is we tend to assume that they're angry at us. So they're hostile. And that's why Email so often get misread. That's why audio conferences so often create hostility amongst the team. And that's why we get trolling in the virtual world because people are assuming the worst were hard-wired to assume the worst. So that we can be looking out for danger. Isn't that interesting that you're right when when you see something written? Down in a text or an Email and it lacks. It's stripped away of all of that stuff. You just mentioned you do read it in the worst possible way. You do one of the unintended consequences virtual communicating is it so officiant is so easy. We've created vast amounts more of it. So we're all all information overloaded as a result. We tend to communicate with shorter and shorter bursts of text and words in an effort to just keep up. And so not only is the affect and the emotional subtext missing. But we're getting more and more telegraphic as we go. And so those one word responses, they just don't cut it. They assume that they make us assume that the other person's angry in like I said in the beginning. I it just comes with the territory. It is what it is. We're hard-wired to assume the negative which leads to misinterpretation. And so what do you do about it? It's just really at base learning a new conversation getting articulate getting conscious about how we're feeling emotionally and getting used to putting that back into the conversation where normally in a face to face conversation, you wouldn't have to. And so I say it all begins with asking the other person. If you don't know the answer to the question, how did what I just say make you feel and that accomplishes two things first of all it's suggests that I care about how you feel and that I care about the impact of what I just said had on you and second of all gives you the space to say something. But I I can think of a lot of cases where that might. Be awkward. I mean, you're almost sounding like a therapist. How does that make you feel in? There are some relationships and communications where that doesn't really lend itself to especially in written communication to end. The you know, how does this make you feel? So so how do you accomplish that the first thing I would say is get used to emojis in the business world. There's several studies that show that we're not quite fully ready to adopt emojis because we see them as sort of for kids or or sort of juvenile, but they actually are I limited attempt to put emotions back in. I like to say about Email that we've been doing Email roughly since the end of World War Two. And the only thing we've really learned since we started is at all caps means you're shouting. That's not much in fifty years. And most of us are not very good writers. And you add to that the fact that we're all moving faster in so typing less and trying to get by with short as possible answers. Then it's really time to start getting a little bit more conscious about putting some of those emotions back in at the very least give me an emotive. Con says whatever what I just said I met with a smile as opposed to a sneer. I have always assumed because because I have been victim of the misinterpreted. Virtual communication. I'm always tried and been conscious of the fact that there's always that potential, which I imagine. It'd be good advice for anybody to to to approach it every time knowing this could be misinterpreted. But my experience is that shorter is not always better. And that that's where so much of the misinterpretation happens is because there isn't enough detail in there, and so it's left up to the reader to figure out what is meant. And as we discussed a few moments ago, we typically assume the worst is that a fair is that a fair strategy. Absolutely. We were still communicating as if we were communicating face to face, and we communicate face to face. I don't have to tell you about my intent. And I don't have to tell you. If I think what you just said hurt my feelings because you'll see that. And I'll see that. And we're still communicating that way, we write as if the other person could sort of Intuit what we're saying. And that's not the case words, don't convey the. Same information as face to face conversation written words, so so absolutely. We need to go longer rather than shorter. We need to go with a motive cons and anything else that will help us Ed emotional context, which gets harder and harder to do as messages get shorter and shorter, it seems and you know, one of the fascinating things to me anyway about how people text and then text back, and oh that's not what I meant. Oh, this is what I meant. Oh, you forgot to answer. This other question that I asked you in the last Email if people just picked up the phone, they could resolve this whole thing in a lot less time than this back and forth and re explained oh you misunderstood. And yet we don't use the phone or we we don't use the telephone part of the phone. Well, yeah. That's right. One of the interesting things about phone these days, it's become more and more seen as an interruption rather than a chance to chat. So something about the nature of our interactions is has accelerated so much that a phone call seems like a big deal. Whereas it's just much easier to send a quick text message or Email message. And yet the problem, of course, is as you note that they're much more likely to be to be misunderstood. And then and then you have the whole process which takes much longer than the original phone. Call would've taken to try to unscramble the mess that you've created. Person created. I'm talking with Nick Morgan. He's the author of the book. 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Once you've written the Email is to read it aloud to yourself, and this only takes a few seconds unless you've written a book and try it in various tones of voice. So read it as if it were Sar cast that can see if that makes any sense or read it as if you were angry and see if that makes any sense, it's very interesting. When you read something aloud you go it's that sounds like that I didn't mean that better at a few words that will clarify my intent. Remember, the key? Here is intent that's what other people care about. And your words don't often convey that very well so reading it aloud as a way of hearing whether what you mean what you intend is coming across. And so that's the first thing to do. The second is to try to put in. Various indications of intendant, I like emojis because they're easy even if they are a bit juvenile. I think in time we'll just get more used to them, and they'll they'll get the respect they deserve in the business world. But until then you can put in descriptions of what your intent is what I mean here is act, and then the other thing is just understand that you can never ever ever do anything truly in deeply important or life changing the Email. You can't fire somebody can hire somebody. You can't break up with them. You can't do a whole list of of emotionally significant things via Email just don't do it pick up the phone see them in person. But don't try to do emotionally significant life significant things. We Email Email is is great for exchanging information for setting up conference calls for for exchanging information of various kinds. It's not great for conveying nuance. I see sometimes I know people. Sometimes who have like family fights via text, and I think this wouldn't have happened years ago. And I'm wondering is is this a trend and will this get worse where people just stop talking to each other? And and and do exactly what you just said not to do and that is have emotionally charged conversations via text. And and what will that do? Certainly going to raise the depression rate in a few other social indicators that were not happy about I'm sure it's a terrible state of affairs. When people are texting each other instead of having significant conversations base face, it just doesn't work as well. And you're absolutely right. I seen especially millennials who prefer to text because they're controlling the conversation. The other person can't reply, and so it feels emotionally safer, but in the long run it's riskier because you're more liable to be misunderstood or to create a misunderstanding. And so it's better to bite the bullet and practice those non verbal skills and talk to somebody face to face, but we've all heard stories of people who have broken up or fired somebody with a text or any of their behavior. It should not be done. It's it's. It's it's a fundamentally chicken arted in Weasley. Don't do it. That's it. That's I love that. It's chicken hearted and Weasley and don't do it. Just don't do it. It's just don't do it. So often the advice as I mentioned before the the advice is that if you can rather than send an Email or a text to the guy in the cubicle next to you get up and go talk to him. I mean that seems like sensible advice. Yeah. Absolutely. And good practice. So you don't your your personal skills? Don't atrophy in this ritual world. Do you think that's happening? Do you think that that personal skills are atrophying because people just don't use them? It does take a little practice to learn how to talk to somebody else a certain amount of our body just instinctive, but some of its practiced in socialized as well. So yeah, if you don't practice, you won't be as good at it. Is there other research into this that that? Has shed some light or has come to some interesting conclusions that you can share one of the fun ones. Is it turns out you're more likely to succeed at work? And in this case, it was particularly the consultants. Team that was studied you're more likely to succeed. In other words, have higher billable hours as a consultant if you use more social words in your Email, which which is assigned social order a sign that you're indulging in chitchat in the Email as well as sticking strictly to business so words like football and coffee, if they show up in your emails, you're more likely to be successful. I think as sort of wonderful and hilarious because the first thing if anybody Reno's emails would think was oh this person's just chitchat. But it turns out surprise surprise chitchat is important for business success. It's the water cooler conversation made virtual right? Well, it's it's important in in face to face communication too. So why wouldn't it translate over into virtual? And there's a there's a further follow up into the study, which is you're less likely in in hard times to get laid off if if you indulge in that kind of. Chitchat and the same with social media turns it, we think of Facebook and the other social media as timewasters things you do to escape from work. But it actually turns out that employees who are affected and create relevance. Social media connections are less likely to get fired than those who don't. And so again, it pays to be social in ways. Of course that are appropriate to the to your business and whatnot. But it's time to stop thinking about Facebook and the other things as timely stars. But think about them as as replacements as you just pointed out in the virtual world for what we used to do or had more time to do face to face. Those things are important. That's the human glue that keeps us together on the downside. There's a straight line relationship between. The amount of time that two segments of the population spend on cell phones, and their likelihood to be depressed, which I find very alarming the two populations that have been studied our teenage girls because I spend a lot of time in cellphones. But also retirees one of the original promises of the virtual world was hey, a retirees can stay in touch with their grandkids or their friends and family around the world. It'll be effortless. They don't have to leave their easy chair to do that turns out doesn't work. They still get depressed, or they're likely to get depressed. The more time they spend on on social media. Well, isn't that interesting? When you think about it that in business being social and being on social media. And using social words is actually good for you and socially, at least as you say, teen girls and elderly people retirees it can have actually have a negative. Effect. But, but those are really just unintended consequences. It's not why it's not the reason why we do or don't use virtual communication or social media. I think is mostly I think it's mostly convenience and just the use of virtual communications. So we don't take into account though, is the what we've been discussing which is the odds that you're going to screw something up and actually making more work for yourself. Well, but what you were talking about before that that people text because they have more control over the conversation. They they they can. You know, a real conversation. Somebody can call you names until you you're wrong and all kinds of things, and and you have to respond right away. But texting is at your pace. That's right. And you can look up the answer come up with a clever respond right in your own time. That's that's the whole as synchronous benefit as they used to say of a virtual communication and something that we all feel you mentioned earlier that audio conferences and video conferences are situations. Where a lot of his miscommunication happens. But with audio conferences, you at least have voice and inflection, which is good. And in videoconferences, you can have voice inflection and facial expressions. So why is it happening there? You're hearing the voice. Yes. But the way voices are condensed over phone lines. And I can explain the technicalities of it. But the short version is they that cuts out a lot of the emotional information that a voice normally conveys, and so it's just a little harder to get emotion on a phone line than it is face to face. Even if you had your eye shut I'm face to face. I mean, the the voice itself doesn't convey as much information. And then if you have a video conference, of course, you're seeing the visual, but remember a video conferences is two dimensional. It turns out a six cents that we have that. We're not consciously aware of something called proprio -ception, which is our unconscious mind spent a lot of time tracking where we are in space, and where the other people around us are in space. We care a lot about that for obvious reasons of safety people get too close to us that we have to track them, very carefully. If people are standing behind us, and we need to know where they are. And so you're appropriate -ception tracks all that. On a video conference. You can't do that effectively because what you're looking at as a two dimensional screen. And so you have no idea where that other person actually is they seem closer than they are for their way than they are very confusing for the unconscious mind. And so that's why we find video conscious exhausting. It's why many people end up shouting at each other on video conferences because I think they're further away than they are. But typically, again, what happens is our threat levels raised because we see people, but we don't off our way they are. And so we tend to assume the worst assume they're crowding are spaces. So you are getting more information than a text. But it's still a very imperfect form of communication, and there's still a lot of emotional information that gets left out you were talking earlier how in virtual communication when we don't fully understand the sender's intent, we tend to assume the worst, meaning, and it just that just happened to me as you know, I we had to postpone this interview because our power was out the other day, and I. Had a document I had to print that day. And so I texted my sister-in-law whose power was on. And I said can I come over to your house in print this document? And she said sure come on over so later in the day, our power was still out. I texted her. I said our power still out. So I'm on my way to print out this document, and she texted back Ono, I'm on the computer. And so what I assume she meant was. Oh, no. You can't come over now. Because I'm on the computer. That's what she meant. At all what she meant was Ono your power still out bad for you. Good news is I'm on the computer I can print it out right now. Had nothing to do with what I thought and what I thought had nothing to do with what she meant. Right. And that such a perfect example because we can easily see both sides of that. And see how it could be misread. And yet we can see what she meant. And you're in you're absolutely right. It's it's completely the tone that conveys different intent depending on on how on how you read that. So I I love that example, at the perfect example of how things go awry so quickly in virtual space. Well, because when I told her how I read it when I saw her she looked at me like how could you possibly have have interpreted that from what I wrote? And yet, I couldn't even imagine that she meant what she meant when she wrote it, so and and this is somebody that, you know, trust presumably the close relation to you. You can imagine how much more easily it is to get things screwed up when we're talking clients or business associates and that kind of. Thing. So this is a great example. Well, given the way we communicate today. I think this is so important for everyone to keep in mind when they're texting and emailing and using virtual communication, so I appreciate it. Nick, Morgan has been my guest his book is can you hear me how to connect with people in a virtual world. And there is a link to his book in the show notes. Thank you. What if the experience of driving a luxury vehicle wasn't limited to just inside your car, but extended out into the world around you. 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It's the candy kids like today. Candy doesn't change much and the stories behind some of the great classic Halloween. Candy are fascinating here to tell. You about them is Darlene lacy Darlene is the author of a great book called classic candy. She also has an extensive candy wrapper collection, which is currently on display at the Los Angeles central library. Hi, darlene. Welcome. Well, thank you for having the on the show on excited to talk about. The history of candy. So as it relates to Halloween went wended, the idea of let's hand out candy to kids who come to the door dressed as goblins. Wh how did that all start? Well, you know, there's tales of how this began in Ireland with people going around asking for candy going door to door. But really as far as it goes in America back at the turn of the twentieth century. There was always Halloween parties, but they tended to be people would come to people's houses. And they would get, you know, some apple cider doughnuts and cookies, and that sort of thing and then slowly, but surely especially during the postwar period, they began handing out candy a little bit more. And when the baby boom hit this is when people really started having their kids dressing up in costumes going from door to door, and it really kicked in and since then there's been no turning back. He does seem over the last several years. Maybe decades now that the trick or treat. Seems to have faded in popularity. Just not as many kids are going out ringing doorbells and collecting candy like they used to. Yeah. It does seem like the whole experience of going from door to door for Halloween. That has really died off the idea of getting candy from strangers really took a hit starting in the nineteen sixties and kind of built up into a frenzy in the nineteen eighties. In terms of concerns about tainted Halloween candy. You started to have these stories. Oh, somebody has what the razor blade and a candy bar or some pins or sometimes even drugs and these stories began to make headlines and this beavered pitch began to build, and it's interesting because really most of those stories have been disproven over time. They turned out to be more just scares and urban legends. So a lot of the concern really was. Isn't all that warranted? And in the nineteen eighties around nineteen eighty two. It reached a fever pitch. In terms of the paranoia hospitals started offering x Ray services to scan the candy for the children to eat it, which I don't know if that's very safe either. And so are there some clear cut favorite Halloween candy's that that everybody can agree on it? It depends on the region. You come from. There was a survey back in two thousand seventeen about the most popular Halloween candy from state to state, and as it turns out New Yorkers love kit. Cats Californians prefer almond joys Texans like three musketeers and Alaskans like Reza's, peanut butter cups. So it just really depends. But those candies are certainly big favorites. And then other candies. Like, candy corn is still favorite. I believe. In Georgia, and you have other candies that aren't chocolate he likes. We dish. Fish can also be very popular. And of course, it's hard to go wrong with gum or bubblegum. But what about those? What are they like those big marshmallow peanuts? Whoever likes those circus. Peanuts are one of those odd candies because they look like peanuts. But there marshmallow and their banana flavored. So you have to really wrap your head around the whole essence of the circus peanuts to really enjoy it. It's definitely a candy that has faded in popularity over the years. But I know people who still love them. So I wouldn't count them out yet one of the things I guess I like about candy is it doesn't change much. I mean, the candy that I liked as a kid is the same candy that kids today like it. There isn't a lot of room for newcomers. It seems. Yeah, that's the interesting thing about candy. Most of the candy. That's popular today was introduced back in the early nineteen hundreds for example, the toothy role which was the first penny. Candy it came out in eighteen ninety six which was seven years. Before the first Ford model, a was produced, and then you have other candies like Hershey kisses. They were made in nineteen oh seven when teddy Roosevelt was president. So when you pick up that piece of candy, you should realize that it's been around for over one hundred years. So let's talk about some specific candies. I mean, I like Snickers bars and butter fingers and reese's peanut butter cups and somebody had to have come up with the formula to create these candy bar. So so where did they come from a lot of the popular candy really came out in the early nineteen hundreds of the nineteen twenties and the and example of that would be reasons. Peanut butter cups. We think of it as a Hershey candy. But you might ask yourself a where does the name Reese come from? And Reese was the name of Harry b res who worked on one of Milton Hershey dairy. So far and as he worked for her. She he became inspired to become an entrepreneur and start his own candy company as well. So he started making different types of chocolate and peanut candies named after members of his family. And then he heard from a supplier that it was. There was a shortage of keynote flavored peanut butter type candy that was covered in chocolate people were demanding it and so Harry Reid's decided to start making peanut butter Cup. And the reason why reese's peanut butter cups became so popular is because they have this unique taste, you know, you might try one from a competitor. It doesn't quite have the same taste, and the reason for this is actually caused by an accident when Harry Reid started manufacturing, the peanut butter cups. He was using old equipment and disa- Quinton. It was slightly burning the peanuts. When. It was roasting them. And here he didn't even realize that this was happening until the peanut butter cups. Started becoming so popular. He bought new equipment and expanded operation when he did that he discovered that the peanut butter cups had lost that magical taste, and so he had to find a way to reproduce it with a modern the Sheena Reyes. So that it kept that special flavor. What about Snickers bars where did they come from, HUD? They get their name. It's one of my favorites. So I I'd like to hear that one some people might know this, but a little bit of trivia about the Snickers bar is that it was named after the Mars family's favorite horse knickers and here in America. We have known the Snickers bar back from when it was introduced in nineteen thirty but overseas in the United Kingdom for the longest time up until the nineteen nineties. It was called the marathon bar, and there's no official reason. Zain to give given to explain this. But the rumor is that the Mars company didn't like the idea that Snickers rhymed with the word knickers the name over there for women's underwear. Well, what an odd thing in our these candies like this knickers bar and the Tuzi role. Are they basically the same as they've always been or have? They changed. Andy has more or less. Stay the same in flavor over the years over the decades until really recent times, we've seen a lot more changes in the recipes of candy bars. A lot of that has to do with the economics of the cost of cocoa. But one interesting story when it comes to a change the recipe is with the butterfinger bar, which is another top Halloween candy. The butterfinger bar was originally made by the Curtiss candy company back in nineteen twenty three and they were looking for a follow up to their hugely popular baby Ruth bar. And so they came out with the butterfinger. It was a huge hit and Curtis candy thrived for many decades. But after a while they sold the company, and then they sold it again. And they sold it a third time to Nestle. In nineteen eighty nine. And during the transfer of ownership, apparently as the story goes the recipe was lost. And so nasty had to frantically look to recreate the recipe. So I can't say as a person eating better fingers back then that I noticed. So I think they did a good job. But this year Nestle has sold the Curtiss candy line yet again to the company that makes kinder- candy and tic TAC, and this company Ferreiro SPA one of the first announcements they made is that they're going to revamp the recipes one more time to improve the flavor. So we'll see how that goes. But hopefully, it'll be good. If it ain't broke don't fix it. I mean, why would you wanna butterfinger to taste any different than a butterfinger? I know well, it's possible that they just felt that Nestle had already kind of weakened the flavor. A bit through some changes. I can't really say for sure, but I have seen this with other. Classic candy where it's been decided, oh, the candy shouldn't be as chewy or the candy shouldn't be as hard. And so you'll see that sometimes just with different trends with candy making the candy companies will proactively change the recipes and being a big fan of classic candy always against that the way it was is there any sense as to why the candies that fade away fade away. Or I it's just you know, it's like restaurants. You know, some make it some don't I mean when I was a kid a good and plenty was really popular. Turkish bomb knows Turkish taffy was really popular. Nobody seems to be that crazy about him anymore. Even if well, I know they make them, but it they just kind of have lost popularity. Do. We know why I have my own theories. About why certain candies have faded in popularity and these candies. They do tend to be ones that are strong in flavor such as liquorice or root beer barrels or even meant have become less popular over the years and often it's candy. That's very chewy or very hard to eat. You know, you had these candy bars like the black cow bar that was meant to be sucked on all day things like that. I think partially the candies that are hard to eat have kind of faded away because of dental concerns, and then also I think the candies with the stronger flavors. It's just a trend. It depends on how you grew up people who are baby boomers or somewhere in that age range, they tended to grow up with more of the old. Drugstore penny candy. That was based on these flavors. You had your peppermint sticks. You had your hor hound drops candies made from molasses and kids these days, they have grown up more with sour candy that seems to be the intense flavor that they're the most familiar with. And so I think is it is with having a taste for anything. Whatever you're introduced to at a young age is something that you tend to appreciate if you try it later on you might be a little growth out by it. I remember the big wax lips that people would chew on. And I don't see those anymore. They are they gone or is just a I'm on the loop. Slips are one of those funny Halloween candy's because they're so improbable first of all they call them candy when they're really not a candy at all. They're basically, paraffin wax, and for people who aren't familiar with them whack slips? They were introduced in the late nineteen forties early nineteen fifties. They were really a baby boomer Halloween candy where they were exactly as you might imagine. They are big wax lips or things vampire fangs or moustache is that children could bite down upon and have a little disguised to wear. And after the kids got tired of wearing them. They can start chewing the wax which had a flavor to it. You could choose like chewing gum. It wasn't exactly the most Alicia gum. But it was something to chew and. Actually, you can still get wax slips these days, but they're not as common you have to find the right store where did three musketeers come from. And why that name and in what is it? There's the funny thing about candy today where a lot of the names of candy. They don't make a lot of sense such as three musketeers why? And the reason is because when see reading Muskateers first came out it came in three pieces, it was three chocolate bars the came in one package, and they were filled with the nila strawberry and chocolate nougat. And that's the story behind three musketeers and his time went on due to again the economy particularly back in the seventies. There was a big sugar shortage and that caused the price of candy to really zoom high. And so the candy company started to console. Holiday to make the candy more economically and three musketeers is one of those bars. Took a bit of a hit and became just one candy bar wasn't the Milky Way bar considered pretty revolutionary when it came out. And then it spawned Snickers and other candy bars the Milky Way bar I came out, and it was this huge hit and the reason for that was because it had new get nougat was a new thing. And there was another candy bar actually called the fat. And that I invented nougat for candy bars and Mars thaw that is an opportunity basically perfected the nougat, and they came out with the Milky Way bar which got its name from the idea that it tasted like, a malted milk, a multi milk milkshake. And so that just took off it became the number one, candy bar and so. They Mars basically stuck with that formula to make candy bars with nougat, but to add a little bit of this track. A little bit of that change the flavoring and has the candy bar line. Is borne any other specific candy story that you think is particularly fascinating that we haven't talked about. I'd like to share as the sad and spooky story of bubble. Yelm, bubble Yelm, which was very popular. Halloween. Candy in the nineteen seventies. Nearly went out of business because it became the victim of one of the biggest urban legends surrounding candy. But William was the first soft bubble gum and people just went wild over it. But then nobody knows how it happened a school yard. Rumors spread that the softness and the gun came from the addition of spider eggs, and people believed that sales plummeted and life savers, the company that made bubble Yelm had to put out a big PR campaign to quell the fears of chewing bubble yell, and apparently these advertisements that they put out in the newspaper did the trick people realize that couldn't possibly be true and bubble Yelm has. Survived to stay. Well, it's really interesting to hear the stories behind candy in the popular Halloween candy in particular. So I appreciate you sharing. All this with us, Darlene. Lacy has been my guest. Her book is called classic candy. And she also has an extensive candy wrapper collection, which is currently on display at the Los Angeles central library. There's a link to her book in the show notes for this episode. Thank you, Darlene. As you can tell from that discussion about Halloween candy. I have a bit of a sweet tooth, but other people they prefer salty snacks. So why the difference why do some people like sweet and other people like salty and some people like both. Well, a lot of it has to do with genetics. Our DNA determines how sensitive we are to certain flavors. Those of us with a sweet tooth may have a higher sweet threshold, for example. So we crave more sugar to satisfy our taste butts. By the way, you have about ten thousand taste buds on your tone, just about everyone is hardwired to succumb to a sweet taste because of what happens in your brain. That's sweet signal gets into the reward center of your brain. Which then makes you crave. More aside from genetics. What you crave today has a lot to do with what you've eaten your whole life. In other words, if you grew up feasting. On potato chips. You're more likely to prefer that same salty taste as you get older. And that is something you should know your rating and review was always appreciate it on itunes, Stitcher, or wherever you listen to this podcast. I'm Mike Carruthers. Thanks for listening today to something you should know.