Biography of Che Guevera - Part 2
Hello listeners, welcome to part two of our podcast on Che Guevara. a short summary of last week's episode Che Guevara grew up in a family that went against Traditional Values unlike their neighbors, they were not religious moreover. They supported leftists in the Spanish Civil War. So Che Guevara my thoughts and early that going against the norm wasn't a mistake after all. Since his childhood Che Guevara suffered from severe attacks of asthma but he did not surrender to it instead. He performed strenuous physical activities. So from childhood, he was a hard-boiled fighter who wouldn't give up but due to his asthma he couldn't go to school regularly. So he stayed at home often and read a lot of books. His parents had collected after finishing his schooling Che Guevara wanted to become an engineer but looking at his grandmother died. He decided to become a doctor instead. So he joined a Medical College. While he was at College Che Guevara traveled a lot during one of these tours, he made through Latin America. He saw the atrocities committed by us companies against a local population this impacted him deeply and he decided to fight capitalism through violence after returning from the trip. He studied twelve to fourteen hours a day and quickly finished his studies. Then he started on another trip through Latin America to learn more about the governments and people there. Listen to the stories of men and women who transformed their lives using pure passion and she took it will to become the Pioneers in their field and change the course of history. This is with serious biography podcast the podcast that helps you learn the real truth about successful personalities subtract right now to get access to future episodes. Bolivia One year earlier in 1952 and National revolution had taken place in Bolivia civilians and minors armed by a political party had successfully made the army surrender the wrong option also led to agricultural reforms and the nationalization of some Industries. So eager to see the Revolutionary government inaction Ernesto and his friend Carlos Ferrar traveled to La Paz capital of Bolivia. However, during his time there Ernesto witnessed the atrocities committed by the US supervisors against local workers moreover. He was annoyed by the way, the Bolivian government treated Native Indians. So disappointed the two friends left for Peru. Peru when he was in Lima a city in Peru Ernesto heard about jacobo arbenz the president of Guatemala then the 1950s 70% of Guatemala's agricultural land was owned by only 2% of the population. So many Guatemalan citizens worked for us company, which was the largest landowner and employer in Guatemala. But after becoming president are being sought to end the foreign influence in the country and make it self-sufficient. So he passed a bill that redistributed uncultivated land from with landowners. The landowners were compensated with government bonds while the land taken from them was given to their agricultural labourers within two years of passing this bill almost one-sixth of Guatemala's population had received Land This Not only increased agricultural productivity, but also increased the sale of farm machinery as a result living conditions in Guatemala improved considerably and its dependence on foreign Nations decreased simultaneously. The United Fruit Company, which was owned by us capitalists was the largest landowner and employer in Guatemala. It owned almost four hundred sixty-seven thousand acres of uncultivated land. KO Urban's passed a bill in 1952 its profits nosedived. So our bands became the enemy of the United Fruit Company and important political figures in the USA who are linked to it there for United States government decided to overthrow arbenz. After listening to this story Ernesto Guevara wanted to find out what was going on and Guatemala moreover. He believed that he could better himself and become a true revolutionary in Guatemala. So he took out his plans of going to Venezuela and decided to go to Guatemala instead. Guatemala Ernesto and his friends reached the capital of Guatemala in December 1953 there Ernesto sought out Hildegard idea who came from Peru. She was politically well-connected and introduced Ernesto two high-ranking officials in the arbenz government. When he reached Guatemala, he didn't have sufficient money. So to support himself financially Ernesto tried to find a job in Guatemala. However, he couldn't get a job as a doctor because he was a foreigner annoyed at the bureaucracy and Guatemala. Ernesto did not know what to do. But held a gaddi a helped him financially by paying his rent and lending him books to read soon Hilda became Ernesto took up her friend and companion with whom he had intense political conversations. Then Guatemala Ernesto came into contact with Cuban Exiles of the moncada assault Ernesto had previously met two similar Cubans in Peru. He struck an instant friendship with them and learn about the twenty-six-year-old Fidel Castro who along with his 127 insurgents had attacked a military barracks in Mankato to overthrow the Cuban dictator fulgencio Batista, even though the exact failed and Fidel Castro was imprisoned their story impressed Ernesto and he came to like the Cubans who farted against Batista. So he connected with the Cuban Exiles in Guatemala instantly while talking with them Ernesto Guevara often used the word che che can be used to attract someone's attention similar to the words. Hey and Buddy in English. It is also used as a filler similar to the worse, right and so in English, however, it is predominantly used only in Argentina Bolivia who are guay Valencia and Paraguay, so the word was foreign to the Cubans whom he talked wage. Therefore since Ernesto used the word often. They nicknamed him Che thus Ernesto Guevara became Che Guevara. In nineteen fifty-four the USA began its covert efforts to topple. Jacobo arbenz as government in Guatemala as part of its operation pbsuccess. The CIA sent weapons to Guatemala in a sighted hundreds of mercenaries and Guatemalan refugees to take up arms against the government Che Guevara who like jacobo arbenz is reforms immediately offered to take up arms to defend is a government. He joined an armed militia, which was organized by communist youth but the group did not do anything. So he tried to gather young men to take up arms, but the Guatemalans were not willing to fight The Guatemalan military believed that the rebels were backed by the US government and a defeat was unavoidable. So even the Guatemalan military did not want to fight the rebels instead. They pressurized. Jacobo arbenz to resign there for arbenz resigned took Refugee in the Mexican embassy and asked all his foreign supporters to leave the country. After arbenz resigned a friend who worked in the Argentinian Embassy informed Che Guevara that the CIA was monitoring his actions. So he took Refugee in the Argentinian Embassy in Guatemala off several weeks later. He made his way to Mexico Che Guevara had always hated capitalism and thought that it was the cause of poverty. The US is interference and Guatemala hardened his anti-capitalist akande anti-American views further. He even concluded that Marxism achieved through an armed struggle was the only solution against imperialism and capitalism. Mexico Che Guevara reached Mexico by train in September 1950 for his first few months were difficult as he did not have much money with him. So he and a friend whom he met on the train bought a camera and offered to take pictures of strangers in Mexico City the capital of Mexico. They developed the photos by striking a deal with a photo laboratory. Then they delivered the lousy photos. They took wage by walking from one end of the city to another after struggling for several months like this Che Guevara found a job as a doctor for treating allergies. He also submitted research papers on allergies and gave lectures in the faculty of medicine at a university. So he was offered a grant by the hospital for his contribution to Medicine. Moreover he also worked as a freelance photographer for an agency there for his financial situation became better and he started to go on tours across Mexico. Once in the hospital where he was working, he encountered his Cuban friend whom he met and Guatemala. He introduced Che Guevara to Raul Castro. One of the members of the Mankato assault in Cuba Raul Castro, then introduced him to Fidel Castro his brother and leader of the moncada assault even though the exact date of their meeting is unknown. It would become one of history's most important meetings. From the moment. He met Fidel Castro Che Guevara was impressed by his ideas and optimism. He was also convinced that Fidel's goal of overthrowing the dictatorship in Cuba was a Cause worth fighting for years. So he immediately signed up as a member of Fidel Castro's revolutionaries. Alberto Beto was Cuban by birth, but he had worked in the Spanish military and later became a military trainer in Mexico. Alberto Beto is the one who trained Fidel Castro's revolutionaries on the practice of Guerrilla warfare initially Che Guevara had planned to be a medic in the group of Fidel Castro's revolutionaries, but in the guerrilla warfare training he underwent he came first on all the tests found became the best gorilla among all his comrades. Meanwhile, Hilda gatea became pregnant with Che guevara's child. So they got married in August. Nineteen fifty-five. Their first daughter was born in February 1956. The same year his daughter was born Che Guevara Fidel Castro and other Cubans were arrested while Gathering weapons the Mexican police also found evidence of a training camp from Fidel Castro's resume, so they were sent to prison for a month. After coming out of prison, they resumed Gathering weapons and prepared for an attack in Cuba after finishing their preparations. Finally. They decided to attack. So on the night of November twenty fifth nineteen fifty-six. They boarded an old yacht switched off all its lights and set sail to Cuba. Cuba Then the early 1950s Cuba was a prosperous country compared to many other Latin American countries. It was one of the five most developed countries in Latin America. Its GDP was almost equal of Italy at that time. Fulgencio Batista had served as the president of Cuba from 1940 to 1944 in 1952. He ran for election once again, but after realizing that he can't win. He staged a military coup canceled the elections and took over the government. The same year Fidel Castro who was a young lawyer at that time circulated a petition to dismiss Batista's government since it had illegitimately canceled the elections. However, the court ignored his legal challenges. So he and his brother gathered supporters and attacked the moncada barracks in nineteen fifty-three. Their aim was to take over the barracks and obtain the weapons stored within them. They would then distribute the weapons to the public and encourage them to fight against the Batista government. However, the attack failed and of the 160 Rebels many were killed or captured and executed Fidel Castro Castro were captured imprisoned and then exiled Fidel and rolled and went to Mexico where they gathered money weapons and supporters to attack once again, Meanwhile Batista had converted Cuba into a US puppet state the USA backed Batista with weapons due to his strong opposition to Communism and turn Bautista antagonized Cuban people to make the USA influential in Cuba indeed. The USA was so influential that the u.s. Ambassador became the second most important person in Cuba. By the late 1950s us companies owned ninety percent of the mines eighty percent of the public utilities 50% of the railways 40% of the sugar production and 25% of the time deposits in Cuba moreover Cuba's capital Havana became the center for American mafias run by US citizens of Italian descent gambling prostitution and drugs became commonplace in Havana. So in nineteen fifty-six by the time Fidel Castro's yacht landed in Cuba Batista was already hated by the Cubans. On December 2nd 1956 Fidel Castro and his revolutionaries along with Che Guevara landed on the southern coast of Cuba three days later. They were attacked by the planes and troops of sister who were alerted of their presence during this attack Che Guevara who was the head of the health services took a weapon left behind by a deserted comrade and started firing Che Guevara who until then God had only used knives in surgeries to save lives used a weapon for the first time in real Combat to end someone's life. This marked a turning point in his life of the eighty-two revolutionaries many were killed only twenty-two of the managed to escape into the nearby Sierra Maestra mountains Che guevara's group was split from Fidel and Raul Castro's group, but after a few days, they found each other and hit in the mountains. They lived Among The Peasants there and began their offensive against Batista's troops. In the mountains where they lived many people were illiterate and they did not even have access to necessary facilities like healthcare electricity Etc. So check of our is set up schools and health care clinics for the welfare of the people. He constructed ovens to bake bread and workshops to teach military tactics. He also established a newspaper in a radio station thus due to his contributions double-check Guevara came to be known as the brain of Fidel Castro after their initial setback Fidel Castro's revolutionaries started seeing success. They excelled at hitting Batista's troops and running away and hiding in the mountains before reinforcements arrived in the next two years that followed they went from success to success Che Guevara became instrumental in many of these victories off. So Fidel Castro who was impressed by Che Guevara his abilities made him the commander of the second Army. Thus Che Guevara became second-in-command of the revolutionaries. As a commander Che Guevara was very strict. He did not hesitate to shoot deserters and execute spies. But at the same time he entertained his comrades by telling them stories from books. She had read so he came to be loved by his subordinates by now Che Guevara had become a commander loved by his team-mates. But how did a commander loved by his team-mates become a revolutionary celebrated by people all over the world. How did a handful of trained revolutionaries win against thousands of armed soldiers of the Batista government find out in the next episode of our biography podcast.