From npr news in washington dc. This weekend edition. I'm scott simon. This hour hurricane dory his bearing down on florida but you can't evacuate orange groves aboard up. Citrus trees ellis hunt to third generation. Grower in central florida says not much he can. Do you talk about weight on your shoulders or big big black cloud following you. That's what it feels like. We'll speak within this hour. Also how tariffs it. Us dairy farmers just as china wants for dairy products are the uk bio bank health. Medical research. around the world. And amy waldon's new novel about a young afghan-american who comes home to help our country the duchy burst. We have our newscasts. Today is saturday. August thirty first. Two thousand nine hundred live from. Npr news in washington. On giles snyder hurricane dorian might be changing course national hurricane center director. Ken graham wrapped up update. He gave on facebook a short time ago. Saying jewelry and could spare florida direct hit by turning and staying offshore as it makes its way up the coast but he says florida residents should not rest easy or it could still see some of that onshore flow the high water. They could also see the heavy rainfall and also see. the winced. can't let our guard down yet because we just don't know ram his warning the chain dorian track now leaves coastal georgia and south carolina more at risk to hong kong now. Large crowds turned out to march today. What organizers called a religious protests to get around police restrictions there have been clashes. please use tear gas and water cannon. As npr's emily fang reports helicopters word overhead as police fired multiple rounds of tear gas. Small groups of protesters gathered early evening. Outside hong kong central government office trucks than spewed gusts of water temporarily dispersing remaining protesters. The protesters had. I began marching west saturday afternoon towards beijing's liaison office in the city before being turned back by police barricades road closures. Police had banned the weekends. Protests but at least tens of thousands marched peacefully in defiance the protests are in their thirteen th straight week demonstrators demanding direct elections of their leader an end to an extradition billet china. But hong kong's chief executive has refused to address the demands. Emily chang npr news hong kong afghan officials. Say they're repelling large scale attack on one of the country's main cities the government has taliban forces launched their attack on kunduz friday night reporter jennifer glasses in kabul. She says fighting has intensified during months of peace negotiations fighting continues in and around afghanistan. It's clear that. Us forces are involved with the death of third. Us servicemen killed in combat announced. This week the us taliban talks about a withdrawal of us troops from afghanistan but president trump has said more than eight thousand. American troops will remain. So it's unclear what that means to. The negotiations. attic after shots were fired. Friday night at a high school football game and mobile alabama. Least ten people were injured and troy. Public radio's kyle gass at reports. Have police have two suspects in custody. Mobile police chief lawrence about teeth. Says he's feeling both anger and disappointment in the aftermath of the shooting in which those injured range in age between fifteen and eighteen june taking a public being for the purpose of forming somebody in a public setting again. If you have a beef with somebody find other ways to deal with the conflict in make revenue make other people victims. Your your emotions. Baptise says multiple victims were taken to area hospitals and another individual had a seizure which the police chief says is related to the shooting for npr. News i'm kyle gasset in montgomery alabama and from washington. This is npr news. Another republican is leaving congress. John shimkent of illinois says he will not run for re election next year. Npr's jessica taylor has more on the gop retirements in the house. Sham cause was first elected to congress in nineteen ninety six and is easily been reelected sense. He represents a south central illinois district. President trump carried by forty six points. This is the most republican districts in the state. So there's little chance democrats could flip. It was his decision is evidence of growing unrest in the gop caucus after the party lost the house last november along with little confidence among members that they can win at back in two thousand and twenty sham now the twelfth lawmaker to announce he won't run for reelection and two others have already resigned or plan to early more republican retirement. You're expected with some members likely deciding before they return after labor. Day jessica taylor. Npr news washington jerus- found a utah. Man guilty running a multi-million dollar opioid rang. Prosecutors described twenty nine year old. Aaron chamo- as the rings kingpin a say take prescription pills laced with fentanyl altuve thousands of people. His conviction carries a mandatory life sentence of life in prison so dan's former longtime president omar. Al bashir has been formally convict a rather indicted on charges of possessing elicit foreign currency in corruption authorities found millions and foreign and domestic currency stockpiled at shears home after he was ousted following months of protests in april his corruption. Trial expected to resume next week. I'm trial snyder. Npr news support for npr comes from npr stations. Other contributors include minutes tar books publisher of a better man a novel by louisa. Penny in a better man chief. Inspector armand mosh faces catastrophic flooding and a mysterious disappearance available where books are sold comes from. La county department of beaches and harbors presenting the marina del rey. Summer concerts join them on saturday. August thirty first at seven pm for an electrifying concert by jenny and the mexicans as they perform their unique fusion of jazz rockabilly reggae flamenco and columbia open to the public and held outdoors at sunset by the water for details. Search marina del rey. Summer concerts this is weekend edition from npr news. I'm scott simon. We begin this hour with the economy in a moment. Why one big firm says that conditions may be more discouraging than people have even said but first more on tariffs tomorrow. The trump administration puts a fifteen percent levy more than one hundred and ten billion dollars worth of chinese imports. Paintbrushes seafood's sweaters. San jackie north reports american farmers have been especially hard hit in the ongoing trade war including dairy farmers. Most any dairy farmer will tell you. There's not an easy way to make a living hard work. Low prices in fewer americans drinking milk. The one bright light in recent years was exports particularly to china. Says tom vilsek the head of the. Us dairy council thousand and eighteen. We were headed to a record year for the first five months dairy exports to china away protein. Concentrate cheese phil saka. Former agriculture secretary says that all began to change in june two thousand eighteen when beijing retaliated against president. Trump's tariffs on chinese imports. He says. Us dairy exports to china sank fifty four percent in the first half of this here. Vilsek says part of that was a sharp drop in way which is used as feed for hogs were supplying a lot of product for hog industry. That's been decimated in china. I the african swine fever. So it's a combination of both of those things they'll sack is currently in china meeting with government and officials to assure them that they are an important long term partner for the us dairy industry despite the trade war the drop in us exports comes at a time. When chinese consumers are eating more cheese and drinking more milk china is important market for the dairy industry and it was probably a a market that had a lot of growth potential. Chad bound is a trade specialist. At the peterson institute for international economics. He says that potential growth in china could be jeopardy the longer the trade war drags on the concern for american. Dairy farmers is if they lose access to the chinese market and consumers start to buy the stuff from new zealand or candid instead. They might like it and they might stick with them. Even if the trade war is ever resolved you know. They might not come back to the american farmers. Great grandfather built this melk house. All of our Melcan equipment senate That's where the tank is restore the mouth until the truck comes to pick it up chris. Pots family has run the small dairy farm outside personal ville virginia from one hundred years he gazes at a herd of black and white holstein's in the verdant pastures and talks about the trade war with china. He thinks the dairy industry will be able to ride out the storm. Think they have a lot more delays than we do. At this point we can find other markets you know we have the safest most plentiful food supply on the planet and everybody wants it glad. President trump has stood up and challenge the trade imbalances with china for years. Everybody's talked about it but you know finally something getting done and i hope it's resolved soon but i do hope that it needs to come out in our favor but the stakes are high and likely to increase when president trump slaps new tariffs on chinese imports. Someday jackie northam. Npr news the white house says the fundamentals of the us. Economy are strong despite the flashing of a few warning signs the federal reserve and the person of the chairman. Jerome powell says the economy as a quote favourable place. The fed is wary of trade tensions and slowing global growth bond manager. Pimco is not so sanguine we're joined now by the. Us economists tiffany wilding. Thanks very much for being with us. Thanks for having me. What see that concerns you. I think one thing is that you have to look a little bit below the surface more recently on the economic data to really get a feel for what's going on because some of the things that the trump administration is doing on trade policy is actually sort of artificially boosting growth. And that is to say that when you're putting on tariffs on imports. Which tends to happen before that is that you get a boost of activity because consumers or businesses. They want to try to buy the things that they need. Ahead of those tariffs try to minimize at least some of their costs. Especially if they think. Terrorists are going to be transitory. So i think that's what that's what we've been seeing over the past couple of quarters the growth although in the us economy although it's been stronger or above trend on a headline basis. I think two and a half percent if you start to look under the surface it looks a bit weaker and a couple of things that i would just note there you know. We are seeing a manufacturing recession manufacturing sector recession in the us the global you know global global peers global trading partners are also looking quite weak in terms of their growth. But i think the most concerning thing for us at least more recently that weakness is actually starting to spill over into labor markets which is important for the consumer in really consumers the backbone of the us economy. So if you start to see the consumer really stop spending or pull back that's when things you can get a bit fragile. And that's what we worry about what i gather. You're concerned about Aggregate hours if you could explain that to us. Yeah so when you think about the building blocks of gdp growth at. What really is that well. It's really how many hours do i work as a person and then how productive am i during those hours at creating the things that we produce in the us economy when we track activity. Aggregate hours is one very nice way or one real time. Way that we do that. And what we've been seeing more recently is that indicators of aggregate economy white hours have been falling and they've been falling faster than than we kinda thought that they would. And i think the other important thing on this is that it's not just the manufacturing sector so the manufacturing sector only makes up about ten percent of the us economy so in and of itself. You know it's not enough to really push the the us into recession but we're starting to see these aggregate hours decelerate in other services sectors and that's why we've become more worried more recently and we're starting to question whether you know the economy really in a good place as as many of said your firms the biggest bond manager in the world. Do you hesitate a bit before making a call like this knowing that a lot of people are gonna take a cue from it Just talking more about the possibility of a recession make a recession more likely. Well i think. Certainly uncertainty and rising uncertainty can exacerbate a downturn and. That's something that we worry about. You know now when you kind of think about how that plays out. One way that i think is really important is that you have investors that become more uncertain about the outlook or less likely to for example you know by corporate bonds or or by that new issuance and in that kind of environment. Borrowing costs rise. And when you have that then that that sort of helps to to slow down the economy even more so economists to use fancy words we call this a financial accelerator effect. Where you're you're getting this uncertainty that kind of causes markets to become disorderly causes credit creation to decelerate and that exacerbates a recession. So i i certainly think that that is possible. I think that's another reason in favor of the federal reserve cutting rates. You know trying to be more preemptive in this situation to try to keep confidence not from deteriorating to dramatically them go. Us economists tiffany. Wilding thanks so much for being with us. Thank you for having me. Shelters are being set up. Businesses are boarding up windows as florida prepares for hurricane doreen. But you can't board upper evacuate. The oranges grapefruit intangibles. Andy grove many citrus. Groves seemed to be right in the storm's projected path rejoin now from lake. Wales florida by. Ls hunt junior. he's chairman of florida citrus commission and a third generation citrus. Grower mr hun. Thanks for being with us. You're welcome what can you do with a storm headed right your way you know. That's probably the most stressful thing. There's very little you can do. Where several months away from being able to harvest the early fruit and unfortunately the grapefruit is about the size of softballs. And that's big enough and heavy enough that in hurricane force winds it'll blow off so you kind of have a triple threat of uprooting trees blowing the crop off and or flooding and citrus trees. Do not like to stand in water. we lost one hundred and fifty acres two years ago due to standing in water for eleven days. So probably a serious a threat as i've ever seen when you talk about two years ago. Hurricane irma correct that pretty much touched the entire citrus industry. We still have not received our hurricane money. That was Kinda promise from the federal government. So we're still grinding through that process in hopes of receiving some financial assistance. Which basically we've already spent so before you can even begin to recover from hurricane irma. You might be confronting hurricane doria. Yeah that's what we're looking at and that's what's really got people just so You know. I want to be optimistic. Because if you're in agriculture you have to be optimistic but it is you talk about weight on. Your shoulders are a big big black cloud following you. That's what it feels like. you know. Perhaps if we have a miracle and enough people praying. Perhaps it could turn go north and stay out in the ocean off the coast. So i'm gonna keep believing that maybe we'll be spared mask. Mr hunt employees. You ask Probably right now about one hundred fifty and you know a lot of people. Don't realize that if you get away you know ten fifteen miles away from the coast of florida where the majority of the population lives. But when you get into central florida. The major economy is agriculture. And so that's what's so devastating for all our little rural communities and the trickle down effect and economic potential devastation. Is it's what's so difficult and we just have to keep praying this thing if it could please turn in stay out off the coast and the that would be the biggest answer to prayers about. Whatever happens as a farmer. We're just gonna have to deal with it. Unless on junior is chairman of the florida citrus commission. Good luck to you sir. Thank you very much. We appreciate your concerns and you're listening to. Npr news in farm country battle is heating up over. A controversial chemical used in soybean fields. Stay rar sasa. They're not going to protect me. So i'm going to protect myself. Farmers are asking where the line is between doing. What's good for business and being a good neighbor. There's a very very good chance. Somebody's gonna wind up dead over this on the next reveal. Join us for reveal this morning at nine right here on. Kcrw moron all onto the point. As democrats battle against each other are they spoiling. Their party's chances of retaking the white house. I heard that among some of the democrats saying look if we're not addressing the economy jobs and many of the issues that concern workers in the heartland the same folks who voted for trump We may not have a to beat him next on on our to the point podcast. I'm trial snyder with these headlines. Forecasters say there's a chance at hurricane dory and will spare florida direct hit. The national hurricane center is latest forecast so during could remain just offshore than will likely weaken as it. Heads up the ghost. Doreen is threatening bahamas. Weekend as a powerful category four storm. Republican illinois congressman. John shinnecock says he will not run for reelection. Could says he will retire from the house after his current tax ends. He's a fourteenth house. Republicans who declined to run in twenty twenty then the actress who played one of the most beloved television sitcom characters. The nineteen seventies has died in los angeles. Valerie harper was eighty years old. She's best known for portraying wrote up on the mary. Tyler moore show went our own spinoff series. I'm joel snyder. Npr news from washingto- support for npr. Comes from this station and from the alzheimer's association working toward a vision of a world without alzheimer's providing care and support to all those facing the disease with a commitment to advancing critical research more at a l z dot org and from westin hotels and resorts offering a range of wellness options for guests including their well menu on demand fitness gear lending program and signature heavenly bed. Learn more at weston dot com a member of at bond voi- this weekend edition from npr. News i'm scott simon. It's been almost eighteen years since september eleventh terrorist attacks that killed nearly three thousand people. It's been between sixteen seventeen years in suspects in those attacks were captured and imprisoned. And it's been more than a decade since those defendants reversed arraigned now. He was military court. Judge in guantanamo. Bay has finally set a trial date for khalid sheikh mohammed and the four other men charged in that crime. Npr sasha phypers traveled to guantanamo to cover the military hearings taking place there and joins us sasha. Thanks so much for being with us. Happy to be here. I gather trial date of july eleven. Twenty twenty one has been set. It has been although there are a lot of caveats there. Because several other deadlines have to be met for the trial to actually start then for one thing. The government would have to turn over all evidence. It's required to give defense attorneys and those defense attorneys say prosecutors have not been forthcoming in doing the defense attorneys. Also say that guantanamo was nowhere. Ready for trial of the scale and the number of lawyers and reporters would draw. Doesn't have enough housing vehicles office. Space even bathrooms but prosecutors say that having an actual trial date will finally motivate everyone to meet the deadline. They also say the government will have to spend whatever money is needed to get guantanamo ready for trial and there's a death penalty trial isn't it is and that obviously raises the stakes and it raises the legal standards so that That contributes to why this has taken so long for this to work. Its way through the system. Reminders us why. It's taken a long to schedule a trial for one thing. This military court was basically created from scratch before this war court was set up the. Us hadn't had a military commission since world war two. So they're still working out. Basic legal questions like does the. Us constitution apply to these proceedings. Also at one point president obama suspended the court. Then congress overhauled it to give the defendants more rights so that caused delays and in general. It's complicated. it's controversial huge difficult questions about torture the law of war if the commission's even legitimate it's led the years of pretrial hearings with long arguments among lawyers about really complicated issues like whether the men can even be charged with war-crimes. The defense attorneys say we weren't at war with al qaeda on september eleventh. Two thousand one so you can't charge him with war crimes also because it's being held in cuba. Basically the going back and forth is really arduous and that also slows it down show. How realistic do you regard this. Trial date while the defense attorneys. I talked to say it is not very realistic. And for me from the outside looking in as a reporter covering it the hearings do look basically stuck in place. It can look like. There's no forward progress. Even though there's a lot of legal activity happening down there with these complicated arguments over controversial legal issues but there is a new judge who took over the case june. He's an air force colonel. His name is shane cohen. I attended a july here at guantanamo and he seemed to be really aggressively trying to move this case to trial. He also said he wants to make sure. It's a fair trial. I did talk with one. Guantanamo defense attorney. Who said never say never but it sounds to me like the optimism of a new judge so the defense attorneys are skeptical but this judge seems determined to try to do what judges before him have failed to do in that is taken to trial and sasha five her talking about the trial date trying been shut for khalid sheikh mohammed and four other men charged in the nine eleven terrorist attacks. Sasha thanks so much for being with us thanks. Got scientists announced the results of a study on sexuality this week. They say they found a genetic link to being. Lgbtq but it spread widely across the genome and not limited to a single gene to reach that conclusion. They used a repository called the uk bio bank. Which has quietly become a major resource for scientists around the world. Npr science correspondent. Richard harris has the story about how this unique research tool came about the uk bio bank as a collaboration of scientists and civic minded brits including a seventy year old man from nottingham. My name's fletcher. At one thirty. Christopher fletcher has driven ninety miles from home to a radiology clinic outside manchester a decade ago. He had donated a blood sample to the nascent. Uk bio bank and told scientists. They were free to poke around in his medical records. And now he's adding more valuable information to this treasure trove of health data medical images before he goes in the scanner at technician runs down a list. That'll implants anything touches will passing ings. Let will get a scan of his heart and internal organs to look for build up in his arteries and fat deposits around his organs as well as a brain. Mri the end of. Bryant's if we have time. We ought to get you to complete functional task for game gates. Play i just need to make sure that you'll be able to say it clearly so if you could please have a look at the chart on the wall will spend half a day here donating his data to science. I'm in the fortunate position very to wrong. As me to seventy years old and i just thought i should give them public-spiritedness reading see more nothing less after a change of clothes. He's ready to start. Get you to pop. These air looks in and then we'll take you through scouting room. What makes the uk biotech. Valuable is. Not only the half million volunteers whose health will be followed for decades. But it's community spirited scientific strategy chief scientists kathy setlow says in a break from their usual ways. The organizers aren't out to answer their own scientific questions but to serve their colleagues. I'll freely admit when. I first started tim by bank. I couldn't really believe that we were going to work. Really hard to make data available for other people and that was because i came from this traditional kind of slightly paranoid somewhat territorial academic background. That's the reality of the scramble for research funds between two thousand six and two thousand ten. The bio bank organizers hit the pavement to recruit middle aged volunteers. Their medical data are stripped of personal information and put into a database that scientists with a legitimate requests can download and study principal investigator. Rory collins says it started off slowly the thing that really changed. The landscape from the point of view of us was when the funders decided to provide us with the funding to gene type or half million or the participants. A gino type is essentially a snapshot of a person's genetic variants with that scientists can look at people with specific traits or medical conditions and search for a matching genetic pattern. Doctor said lo says one of the most significant discovery so far is a new understanding of type one diabetes. It used to be called juvenile diabetes. A misnomer type. One diabetes is far more common and relevant in middle age than had been previously appreciated as always been thought to be a disease of young life onset scientists around the world realized that they could use the bio bank to do this kind of research. Without even drawing blood sample dr collins has interest took off and so far ten thousand researchers from around the world have registered with the resource. And we've now gone past a thousand different research. Projects that are ongoing new research papers appear in the scientific literature. Almost daily and though the subjects themselves are primarily. Brits are welcome to probe the data collins says the idea is to democratize research so scientists in relatively neglected fields still have a shot at doing world class research working in countries. Where pasadena have the resources in queensland australia. Peter visser has plenty of resources and a lab teaming with scientists interested in exploring human genetics. They have downloaded data repeatedly from the uk bio bank in one project. They found a genetic signature that illuminates why people tend to select mates of similar height and educational attainment. I thought it was cool. Because the theory of that's been known for more than one hundred years but we've never be able to demonstrate that because we've never had these kind of data this year uses other genetic repositories for his studies including a big one managed by the us national institutes of health. The downside is it has less detailed information about people who donated that dna. And that's what's special about the uk bio bank that all individuals have be measured for old traits essentially fisher does what's called genome wide association studies. Which are a bit controversial chief. Scientists kathy slow acknowledges. It's often not clear how to make use of the correlations that come from this kind of analysis so i would say the jury is coach by banks opened this major possibility to actually interrogate these questions at scale and in the process this has expanded imaginations about what else this collection can yield. The us pharmaceutical company regeneron offered to sequence the genes of all half million participants company scientists. Get an exclusive. I look at the data but it will soon be made available to everyone who has access to the bio bank and the richer the collection becomes the more valuable it is and the greater the incentive to make it even richer chief scientists. Kathy said says it's satisfying even though. She's not pursuing her own research ideas. It's made me realize how fun it is to do. Stuff actually makes things happen. That's a really legitimate and interesting thing to do. She expects collaboration rather than traditional competition will be what really drives medical science. Forward richard harris. Npr news and now it's time for sports and not a happy weakens courts. Andrew luck retired. Nfl the age of twenty nine saying he just can't take the pain and an autopsy revealed. The angels pitcher tyler skaggs died of an overdose of dangerous drugs including opioids and also alcohol. He was just twenty seven. We're joined this week by michelle steel of espn from chicago. Thanks so much for being with us. Michelle you bet sky. There's a heartbreaking store. The la times revealed the autopsy yesterday families hired attorney to try and find out how we got those drugs. He did not seem to be dealing with any injuries that might drive him to legally prescribed painkillers. Let me put it that way though. Yeah scott what a tragic story. You know angels pitcher tyler skaggs. You mentioned just twenty seven. He was on a road trip on with the team. He was found in his hotel conscious on july. First and a coroner's report. That was just released. Says that they found alcohol oxycodone and fentanyl system when he died. Those are some really powerful painkillers. You mentioned injuries. He was healthy this season. He had just pitched a couple of days before but he has had injuries throughout his career. And and the skaggs family released a statement just last night saying they were shocked to learn about the circumstances of his death and that it quote may involve an employee of the los angeles angels. Now they've hired a pre big attorney. The police are investigating as well. Now the league is coming in. They're planning their own investigation and scott the team. They're not commenting. I want to ask you about What referred to as the aftershocks of andrew alexa announced. He was retiring from Pro football in the indianapolis colts the colts. What do you make of yakkers and sports radio Or even some retired players who criticized him for making that decision. Oh boy you know. What a week For the hot take industry so to speak he was called off too much of a millennial primarily by by what. I'll call opportunistic Sports hosts you know. Andrew luck is a guy who reads books literally about concrete. He has flip phone There may be reasons to criticize him but being a millennial certainly isn't one of them he's got a hundred million dollars in career earnings. Just doesn't want to be hit anymore. Let's let him live his life. I was very moved by. What rob gronkowski said. Obviously i think you covered him right when you covered the new england patriots there for three years. Two thousand thirteen to two thousand sixteen in new england. I covered him during that very eventful time. And if i could describe as persona it'd be really like a fallen. Slobbery golden retriever. And to see him this week you know talking about his football life and to be brought to tears Talking about his career retired by the way this year at age. Thirty not being able to sleep the night of the super bowl. It made me feel sad. So you know. I'm happy that he's working on being fun. Happy guy again. You know. I i've got ask you put you in a difficult position as sports reporter the more we learn more about disabling and even brain obliterating injuries in football is going to be harder to get people to play and for that matter harder to get americans to watch. Yeah that is that is a great question and then existential one for the nfl. You would think it might be harder to watch. Last year was actually a great ratings year for the nfl. The league's talking about expanding the season maybe to eighteen games and even gronk said this week he knew what he was signing up for so i think players being self aware certainly matters matters to fans matters to reporters but we might see players. Go more route of andrew luck and rob gronkowski decide to sort of pack it in earlier than they would have. Maybe in prior eras fifteen seconds left match of the day at us open. Oh no question fifteen year. Old coco gov taking on. Us open defending champ. Naomi osaka these are two women who came of age. After serena and venus wet pro serena called them the future of tennis. She's going to be watching watching to scott. Oh yeah half to michelle steel of. Espn thanks so much. And you're listening to weekend edition from npr news. The states including missouri and mississippi passed laws aimed at dismantling roe versus wade. California is taking steps to try to affirm abortion rights lawmakers. There are expected to pass a bill that requires health clinics at public universities to provide the abortion pill on campus from koa day in san francisco april dembosky reports. The law would be the first of its kind in the country jesse resolve. This was a sophomore at the university of california at riverside. She had a boyfriend and she was taking birth control pills then out of nowhere. She started feeling sick. I went to my student health center. And you know i just thought it was a stomach flu and it turns out that i was pregnant. Resolves was clear that she was not ready to have a baby. She wanted a medication abortion where she take one pill at the clinic and a second one at home a day or two later to induce a miscarriage. I just wanted that intimacy of dealing with it on my own in the privacy of my own home and being able to cry. If i wanted to cry or just being able to curl up in my bed right away but the first off campus clinic. She went to didn't do abortions. The second didn't take her insurance by the time she could get an appointment third clinic. She was already in her. Second trimester. Too late for a medication abortion. She had to have a surgical won. The doctor kept telling me to relax. And i couldn't because it just hurts so bad. Resolves graduated last year and now she's advocating for a bill. That would make it easy for students like her to get a medication. Abortion and all thirty four campuses of the university of california and california state university opponents of the bill have organized several rallies against it. Let us remember that we are in the presence of god and pause for a moment at this one outside the capitol about sixty protesters in yellow t bow their heads in prayer. Then they marched. A consortium of pro choice groups promised to pay for all the required ultrasound equipment and training costs providing the abortion pill on campus but eventually universities would likely need to dip into tax dollars or student fees for ongoing costs abortion opponent. Michelle lamonica told protesters. That's not right not on my dime not on my time. Tax me to help the homeless tax me to help social services but don't tax me to pay for the disposal of human life. Critics say abortion is readily available off campus. A study in the journal of adolescent health found clinics. Were an average six miles away from california campuses former governor jerry brown cited this stat when he vetoed the same bill last year. Saying it wasn't necessary. That's like a five dollar uber. Ride nicotine nossa is a coordinator for students for life of america. He says this campaign is more politics than need over the last decade. Many pro choice activists that in red states. There's been a lot of momentum towards more abortion restrictions and this is a way to say no here in blue california we're going to affirm or and row the bill supporters. Don't deny it phoebe. Abramowicz was part of the team. That launched the campus abortion campaign at uc berkeley for years ago. And now that we're doing statewide advocacy. We're hoping to set a national precedent that we can even in these really hostile times to women. Queer people move access to abortion forward. This year there's a new governor in sacramento and advocates are optimistic. He'll side with them this time around for npr news. I'm april dembosky. That story is part of a reporting partnership between npr. We d and kaiser health news this is. Npr news support comes from the leela. Dance collective presenting son of the wind. The cutoff dance drama. Following the adventures of the indian mythological figure oman directed by savvy. Lee rush neva's and remember this altham milk production weaves percussive footwork live music stunning costumes and brilliant staging to bring to life. India's ancient epic the reminding like never before september fourteenth eight pm tickets at ford theaters dot. Org a hot weekend ahead mid and upper seventies today at the beaches inland mid eighties low nineties and in the valleys. We could hit two today tomorrow. With a heat advisory we could hit five one. Oh three for labor day. Six forty now at kcrw snyder with these headlines. Demonstrators are again clashing with police in hong kong. Police used tear gas and water. Cannon to disperse protesters gathered outside government headquarters today earlier. Large clouds turned out. For what organizers said was religious march in order to get around police restrictions. The trade fight with china set to escalate tomorrow. President trump's latest tariffs on chinese imports are to take effect. He's spending the labor day holiday weekend at the camp. David presidential retreat in maryland and afghan officials say security forces are repelling taliban attack on the northern city of kunduz taliban fighters launched an assault on the city. Last night he even as their leaders and the united states seemed to be close to a peace. Deal up. I'm joel snyder. Npr news from washington. Support for npr. Comes from this station and from viking dedicated to bringing the traveler closer to the destination by river and by c. offering a small ship experience with a shore excursion included in every port learn more at the cruise dot com and from capitol one offering a variety of credit card options with features for a range of customers from foodies to travelers capital one. What's in your wallet. Credit approval required capital one bank usa any this weekend edition from npr news. I'm scott simon president trump and fox news on the verge of a break-up president's been tweeting against fox news channel coverage and personalities recently saying quote we have to start looking for a new news outlet fox's and working for us anymore thursday night neil. Cavuto said well. That's the point. First of all mr president. We don't work for you. I don't work for you. My job is to cover you not phone over you or rip you just report on you. We're joined now by carl cameron. He was diverse capitol hill correspondent for fox. News and became the channel's chief political correspondent. He retired from fox. Twenty seventeen does now. A founder of front page live a news aggregate site. Thanks so much for being with us. Thanks god it's a huge pleasure. I'm really appreciative. Well you were always cited as one of the exceptions on fox a reporter not partisan unlike some of the host. What what do you think is going on when neil cavuto starts. Criticizing president trump. I think that it's a natural response by journalists. It helps fox's reputation having been bashed rightfully so on the entertainment side for the opinion mavens. Who often trade in the same sorts of falsehoods and memes tropes and otherwise disinformation. That is the real fake news. As opposed to what happens in news divisions and trump's attempt to threaten fox by saying that his people meaning his base need to find another news outlet. A good luck with that. And frankly it's it's good to see the news department of fox news calling trump out and not being bullied. Has there been that attention for some time and fox news between what i'll call news people and opinion people absolutely There were times in the past when the likes of bill. O'reilly would get into row with brit. Hume on bill. O'reilly's show because mr riley was trading. An opinion and mr hume chose to tell people what the actual facts of the story were and that was not an uncommon situation with a lot of us who were on the air. We're not on a lot of those talk shows anymore. Was it uncomfortable to work. There may ask well the trump campaign made it excruciatingly uncomfortable because he was fostering the kind of anger and often violence in his in his rallies and some of it was directed at me as well just because of being part of the media and to hear some of the people on the network broadcasting from talking about how great he is. he's doing things or practice or promising at that point things that simply aren't possible reference the wall that has not been built republicans sometimes when they declined to run for reelection in congress will begin to ask how to donald trump takeover over the republican party. How was it that that donald trump. If i might put it this way seemed to take over fox news ratings scott. It's not public. Radio is a commercial business industry and the problem with that is ratings. Equal revenue and revenue is what matters to people at the highest levels of the of the corporation and when it works with it and that's really unfortunate does china yourself to to donald trump. Become a good business plan when his approval rating is low. No it doesn't help. And i would argue too. That there are occasions when sitting presidents have been unseated and in every single instance is when there are members of that president's party who were disaffected by his performance and there are republicans out there who are getting increasingly worried. We're seeing it in resignations and departs from within the administration. Were seeing it within the republican party with people who were resigning or deciding to leave the party and those voices are louder and if the leaders and the people who are actually engaged in the business of politics are abandoning it. Think about what the average voter is thinking about. This is bad for trump. it's good for the country. And who knows what happens whether it's good or bad for the ratings of any other cable network karl cameron now a front-page lives. Thanks so much for being with us. A great pleasure. Scott thank you very much parveen. Shams wants to do something worthy in the world. She was born in afghanistan. Came to the wishes a child and gets inspired by the fictional bestselling memoir mother afghanistan written by us doctor named gideon crane in tribute to for russia. An afghan woman who's died in childbirth. The book getting crane. Ted talk and his appearance bring millions in donations to build a health clinic in finished his village. Which is where parveen comes to help. But what good can she possibly do. Adore in the earth is a novel by amy waldman who reported from afghanistan after nine eleven and joins us nurse studios. Thanks so much for being with us. thanks for having. What does she hope to do. And is it for herself for for afghans. It's a little bit of both. I think in her mind she's going to help. Afghan women in particular. She wants to volunteer at a clinic. That the doctor has built in this village. And it's part of an effort to reduce women dying in childbirth. She's eager to join that effort and feels like she particularly can be of service because she speaks. The language thinks she knows the culture. Of course she's also newly graduating college into a recession so this is also something she can fasten onto As a way to both have something to do and channel her idealism how does it make her feel to begin to discover that the real village she's in and the real people for that matter are different in the book that swept her away so a lot of what i was interested in is the power of books. And it's something. I think about a lot as a novelist. How a sort of create reality and in her case. It's a reality. She has trouble letting go of even in the face of facts that begin to suggest. It's not all that it seems I read about gideon crane in your book. The american humanitarian and thought he has to be inspired by greg mortenson american who wrote three cups of tea and was later exposed for fraudulent. He is specifically isn't isn't the book. The idea for the novel did come out of that. Controversy when three cups of tea was revealed by krakauer To not be what it had seemed and as you know it was this memoir that had inspired so many people to donate money to build schools in afghanistan and pakistan inspired many people to actually to change their lives and even go volunteer there and elsewhere. What interested me was less greg mortenson himself than the people who had believed in him and i really became fascinated by their reactions which ranged from the trail. When you're idealistic you think you're doing something good. And then you find a lot of the money had been misappropriated. I was interested in what would not feel like to have believed. I was thinking a lot about that. And i was also thinking about the war on terror. I had covered afghanistan after nine eleven as a reporter and the war now is in its eighteenth year and i think there's constantly been search for sort of a simple solution and i think part of the popularity of three cups of tea was about that search that if we'd just behave a certain way or build schools everything will be simple so i sort of took that as a starting point and then started inventing imagining this world in the village and this young woman. That's idealistic young woman. Who comes into it. American soldiers come to the village which is because of the book now known widely and and tell the villagers. You need a road here. He can get to and from. Hospitals crops can get to the market. This is what gideon crane in his memoir called kind power from the first lot of afghans. Don't see it that way though do they. That's true and and parveen is very skeptical. I mean very confused as to. Why are the elders in village. Not more enthusiastic about this project because at first to hurt seems an unqualified good. And so partly what i was trying to explore with that in this effort to build the road becomes very central to the novel and it ends up sort of drawing the war which had been relatively distant it draws it closer and closer into the village and she comes to realize that. That was one of the concerns. The elders had and also that good intentions are never separate from kind of the consequences they create and that you can't always control that and that may be it's not enough. That's one of the things she's wrestling with. As the novel goes hong and that china clinic. I wrote down the parveen muses to want to raise like appeal slipped from god's pocket not unalloyed enthusiasm for that either. No there's not and this. I drew from a lot of american efforts in afghanistan where we built good structures and all kinds of schools in all kinds of things. But we didn't really staff them and that's one of the issues with the village. When this clinic is that she comes to find that other than a doctor female doctor who comes once a week of her own to volunteer there. There's nobody staffing the clinic. So the clinic was built but it's she'll exactly sort of a white elephant but full beautiful equipment and at first. She's very moved because she thinks it saying these villagers to serve the best justice. Anybody in the west as but then she's realizing that there's actually most of the time nobody there to help the women she starts to think. What are we doing here. What is this effort. I'm becoming part of yeah and hit pervy notes at one point that whatever might be said about the wide innocent arrogance of americans the insurgents in afghanistan really only want destruction exactly and. I think that it's very difficult to watch civilians. Ordinary people caught between sort of these two Warring sides and you know the violence especially recently in kabul but throughout this war that's been wreaked on on ordinary people has been incredible and yes. The insurgents are ruthless. And she comes to see that as well. I mean you hate this ought to just because the insurgents might be afghan. The lives of afghans would be better if somehow they they were consigned to live in that kind of malevolence. You know as we're talking. It sounds like they're hammering out the final details of a peace agreement to end the war. But i think the question hovering over is our ordinary people again going. Be at the mercy of this kind of violence. But is it any better for america to stay there indefinitely which also is not a solution so i think for me. I wrote the novel partly out of feeling like we have gotten ourselves into this impossible situation. There is no really good answer here and so for me. It was just a way to kind of think through that. I mean that's one aspect of the novel. Another is just the young woman's kind of adventure as she initially sees it going into this village and and having to confront the realities she finds there. Amy waldman her novel adore in the earth. Thanks so much for being with us. Thank you for having the a beloved side has died. Valerie harper who of course played rhoda morgenstern on the mary. Tyler moore show in los angeles. She was eighty years old and pears. Elizabeth blair has this remembrance blunt insecure self deprecating and style. Ish row morgenstern was the friend. He wish you had yourself award to. Yeah i'm not going. But i mean to say that now. I'm thinking of better ways to spend saturday watching you win an award from not gonna win. No probably i'll go with you. Valerie harper told npr in twenty ten. That wrote was the perfect foil. For the buttoned-up. Mary richards road. Had this wonderful quality of saying the unsaleable things that mary richards would not say. Because she's too much of a lady or you know it's not polite road of the new yorker from the bronx would just say it straight out. What else do you take. Nicer than what i got i. Shall we go vegetating. Since the mike to aren't not the bikinis right. Yes sweats short. They were one of tv's great comedy teams says syracuse university. Professor robert thompson. Rohde and mary were. I don't know when they were on stage together. Even though they weren't dancing it was kind of like watching astaire and rogers. They just worked perfectly together in spite of everything. You really a pretty hard person to dislike what you mean. I'm having a hard time. Heating you to vote have to work on it. Valerie harper was born in suffer new york. Her father was a lighting salesman. Her mother was a nurse. Harper's i love was ballet. Her first job at dancer with radio city music hall when she was a teenager in the late nineteen fifties chorus girl in broadway musicals to hone her comedy chops. She did with second city where she met her. First husband dick shawl. She later married actor and tv producer. Tony catch yadi after years of doing sitcoms harper took on some serious roles she co wrote and starred in a one woman play about nobel prize winner pearl buck. She portrayed the late israeli prime minister. Golda may year in another solar show goldust balcony so the sons of israel defense forces our sons entered the valerie harper will be remembered most for her impeccable comic timing a skill. She put to very good use when she played the glamorous hard living actress to lula bankhead in the play looped arizona patricia. I was telling you that deluded wreck joma rector my now. That's what i know. You said rectum. O- that gives a different valerie. Harper was nominated for a tony award for loop in twenty ten. She told him. Pr before taking the role. She had some reservations about repeating some of talulah bank heads salty language but i got around it and we and we presented her as she was in life. The f-bomb was all over. And every time. I did a show. I'd say don't bring the kiddies to see rhoda in two thousand. Nine valerie harper had a cancerous tumor removed from her lung in early. Two thousand thirteen. She was told the cancer had spread to areas surrounding the brain and that she probably wouldn't make it through the spring in typical harper fashion. She remained upbeat in interviews. Like this one on the syndicated tv talk. Show the doctors and more than anything in living in the moment. I really want americans in all of us to be less afraid of death. And i know that it's a passage but that don't go to the funeral before the day of the funeral. You live long after the mary. Tyler moore show. Valerie harper talked. About how grateful and lucky she felt for landing the role of rhoda who she called as downright relatable as they come and character she loved millions of female viewers. Felt exactly the same. Way elizabeth blair. Npr news this is weekend edition from npr news. I'm scott simon win support for. Npr comes from this station and from neum offering a personalized the weight loss program that uses psychology and small goals to change habits with the goal of losing weight and keeping it off for good. Learn more at neum in o. M. dot com and from the can and lucy leman family who appreciate that for three decades. Npr has helped them to better understand a complex nation and world through its in-depth coverage of events ideas and cultures w and lid. Starting tuesday morning at nine i'll be hosting morning becomes eclectic. Kcrw's legacy morning music show is known for artists. Discovery exclusive live sessions. And of course those on expected moments. You love. i'll be with you. 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