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January 30, 2020: Assassination of Gandhi

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Today is Thursday January thirtieth twenty twenty on this day in nineteen forty eight Mohandas Mohandas Gandhi better known by his honorific Mahatma was assassinated by a Hindu extremist the renowned preacher of nonviolence on violence died tragically violent death welcome welcome to today and true crime. Apar- cast original due to the graphic nature of today's crimes listener. Discretion is advised extreme. Caution is advised used for listeners under thirteen today we're covering the assassination of seventy eight year. Old Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Auntie by thirty seven year old Hindu zealot not to Rahm goad. Say let's go back to the early hours of January thirtieth nineteen eighteen forty eight as Gandhi was waking up to perform his morning prayers. Birla house was located in central. New Delhi about a five minute drive from rising hill where India's most important governmental well houses sit built twenty years earlier by. Indian industrialist Gone Sean Dos Birla. The sprawling mansion once played host was to Indian revolutionaries fighting British rule. Now the fight was over. The Indian Independence Act had received royal assent last last summer in July nineteen forty seven but Birla houses revolutionaries namely Mahatma Gandhi still had work to do Gandhi was attempting to create peace between Hindus Muslims and Sikhs in India and the Dominion of Pakistan. When Britain formally dissolved the British Raj? They created these two nations one. For each of the regions religious majorities India would be a Hindu nation Pakistan a Muslim one known as the partition of Nineteen. Forty seven the move displaced millions of Hindus his and Muslims and didn't even give a land consideration to seeks almost immediately the entire region succumbed to violence but Gandhi believed the same non violent practices that led to independence could resolve the religious tensions plaguing the aftermath bath of partition. He was determined to continue creating positive change for his country that meant starting his day early early he woke up around three thirty. AM to perform his daily prayers as part of his morning ritual he recited scriptures from various world world religions. Today he read from one of the most important texts in Hinduism the bug of odd Gita after prayers Gandhi immediately. We went to work reviewing the new constitution. He dictated the night before in particular. He wanted to make sure that the document focused on social service as as well as helping India's rural population however because he was still recovering from a six-day fast Ghandi's energy was low soon after he began to read he put the constitution aside and rest dead his personal secretary puree lol Nayar would look over the draft at lunchtime. He ate with nihar boiled vegetables milk and tomato and orange juice. They discussed discussed the Noakhali riots. Two years prior in nineteen forty six the district no Akhil e in present day. Bangladesh saw period curious of violence from October through November members of the Muslim League murdered sexually assaulted and kidnapped Hindus in the two months span. Roughly five thousand Hindus were murdered and anywhere from three hundred eighty thousand to four hundred thousand. No aquileia the locals were forced to convert to Islam. Gandhi had made a peace mission to Noah Kelly seeking to curb the violence and help the region heal l. from its trauma for four months. He toured the region promoting peace between the two groups. He had cut his trip short at the request of Muslim Lim League leaders now a year and a half after the trip. The region's troubles were still on. Ghandi's mind they were representative of issues prevalent all around India. He and his secretary discussed the importance of continuing to advocate for cooperation between Hindus Hindus and Muslims but Ghandi's Day was still far from over around four PM. He met privately with deputy Pity Prime Minister Sardar Patel. It was a difficult discussion Patel and prime minister. Pandit Nehru didn't see. I do I on several key issues for India but Gandhi was determined to keep the peace with independent India. Only five months old so it was important for the young country's leaders to work together the meeting with Patel Ram long ten minutes into his next engagement. Gandhi cut it short. It was time for evening prayer by five fifteen. He was climbing onto the prayer day. Yes led by his great niece Manu Ben and his adopted daughter Ob- Harbin Chatterjee in the prayer garden a large crowd had formed waiting patiently for the Mahatma to arrive as Gandhi made his way up the steps manubens suddenly felt a man. Push her her from behind. She turned and chastised him believing he wanted to touch Ghandi's feet. But the man only pushed maneuver Ben Again. This time knocking rocking various items out of her hand when she bent down to pick them up. Three shots rang out. The crowd froze stunned as Gandhi fell to the ground at five forty PM. Gandhi succumbed to three bullet wounds and the father of India had been assassinated coming up. We'll examine the motivations behind. Find the murderer as well as the five previous attempts to silence Gandhi now back to the story on January thirtieth nineteen forty eight seventy eight year old. Non Violent Revolutionary Mohandas. Gandhi was shot during his daily evening. Being prayer meeting it was the sixth and final attempt on his life this time by a Hindu fanatic not to rum goad say say go say was born on May Nineteenth nineteen ten as a young teenager. He was a supporter of Gandhi and his his fight against the British even considering the Mahatma and idle however when he was nineteen goats as family move to the coastal town of Nog Yousry not long after the family arrived goats safe found a new idol. Then Nyack Demo- Dr Dr seuss Darker Savar. Like Gandhi was a rebel against British rule but unlike Gandhi he fought with weapons when he was captured in nineteen ten. He was sentenced to fifty years in prison. But after a decade behind bars Savar Savar car was moved to Ruggeri where he was eventually allowed to walk the streets essentially under a glorified house arrest by nineteen twenty nine. He had gained a devout following not to Rahm. Gold say among them but a more militant approach wasn't the only difference sounds between Savar car and Ghandi's philosophies Gandhi though Hindu preached non-violent cooperation with India's Muslims Savar car however believed in a Hindu. Country devoid of all Moslems. He believed that though. Hindus Sikhs Buddhists and James James could reach a place of peace together Muslim and Christian identity was to at odds with the Indian civilization. Some I'm of Savar. Cars Hindu extremist followers saw only one solution to these differences in opinion. Gandhi had to go but he was too powerful to sideline politically. There was only one way to get rid of him assassination but they. He also knew that Gandhi had a history of surviving assassination attempts including several by goats. Say himself on June soon twenty-fifth nineteen thirty four. Gandhi survived an attempted car bombing while on his way to deliver a speech in Poona ten years later in July nineteen forty four gold say attempted to Stab Gandhi at a punch Ghani resort but was stopped by the owner of the Lodge Gandhi. Gandhi was staying in two months later. Gold say tried yet again. He and several other extremists intended to Stab Gandhi. While the leader was at an Ashram in Bombay otherwise known as Mumbai however a crowd at the Ashram foiled the attempt. The fourth attempt took place two years later in June nineteen forty six while on a train headed for PRUNEA. Someone had placed a number of boulders on the track however the train conductor saw the boulders ahead of time and slowed the train though the train did hit the road block it. Slow slow speed prevented the train from derailing. The fifth attempt was conducted by a cabal made up of not to Rahm goad say and several other extremists while Gandhi conducted one of his Birla House prayer meetings on January twentieth nineteen forty eight the conspirators threw a grenade into the crowd with the crowd scattered. A second grenade was supposed to be thrown closer to Gandhi but the police were closing zing in and the assassins had to flee one was captured but God say escaped leaving him free to return earn to Birla House. Ten days later this time he was carrying a Beretta. M Nineteen thirty four semi automatic pistol. Toll the sixth attempt was successful as the world mourned the death of Gandhi. The the call for justice rang just as loud in total nine people were arrested including goad say and Vinayak of our car the authorities firmly believed that the radical Savar car was the mastermind behind the conspiracy at his trial. Gold say never never once denied the murder in fact while in court. He explained why he was called to kill. The Mahatma Gold say believed that Gandhi betrayed his country and the Hindu people. His empathy towards Muslims divided the country not just politically but also literally with the formation of Pakistan. There was no question of the verdict eight of the nine conspirators were found guilty not to Rahm. I'm good say amongst them. Although Savar car the man believed to be the architect of the plot was acquitted due to lack of evidence. The GO-TO say was hanged on November. Fifteenth Nineteen forty nine not to Rahm. Tom Goad say is a modern day hero to some Hindu nationalists with some even arguing that he should be considered a patriot and though it's been troubled troubled by allegations of racism and Misogyny to most of the World Ghandi's legacy burns much brighter. He remains one of the most recognizable recognizable proponents of peace and nonviolence and continues to inspire hope for a better future around the world Thanks for listening today in true crime. I'm Vanessa Richardson to to learn more about the life and death of Gandhi. Check out the PODCAST. Original famous fates exclusive on spotify. Today and true crime is the park cast original. You can find more episodes of today and true crime and all other podcast originals for free on spotify not only to spotify already. Have all of your favorite favorite music but now spotify is making it easy for you to enjoy all of your favorite podcast originals. Like today true crime for free from your phone desktop for smart speaker to stream today and true crime on spotify. Just open the APP and type today and true crime in the search bar at podcast. Grateful full for you our listeners. You will allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network. We'll be back with a brand new episode tomorrow in True Crime. Today and true crime was created by Max Cutler and is a podcast I studios original. It is executive produced by Max Cutler. Sound design by Andy Weights with production assistance by Ron Shapiro Harley Madden and Freddie Beckley. This episode of today in true crime was written by Joe. Garath with writing assistance by Maggie Admire. I'm Vanessa Richardson

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