Organization of African Unity founded - May 25,1963
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It was formed by thirty two countries with the goal of promoting solidarity between African nations and ridding the continent of colonialism, the OAU has its roots in pan-africanism, pan African ISM is a movement that grew to prominence in the mid to late nineteenth century that emphasized African Unity and collaboration among people of African descent, African leaders, like Donna's qua- may in Krumer Kenya's, Julius Narendra Guineas, say, Sekou, Toray, and Zambia's Kenneth Kaunda promoted pan African ISM. The oh, a you was established to deal with continental issues in post, colonial Africa. There were three ideological blocs emerged. On the continent in nineteen sixty and nineteen sixty one the cost of Lanka group, the Brazil group, in the Monrovia group, the CASA Blanca group supported full continental integration, and it included Ghana Mali Guinea, Libya, Egypt, Morocco and Algieria, the process Ville group, advocated for a gradual approach to unification, but remained tied to French interests, its members were, mainly former French colonies, including Cameroon Ivory Coast. Mauritania finna gall, Madagascar, and other countries. The Monrovia group favored, a gradual approach to unification and a loose association of sovereign states. It included Sierra Leone, Nigeria Togo, Ethiopia, Liberia, and the Malia among other nations. The idea of continental organization was based on the desire for. Federation of African states or a United States of Africa, pan African congresses were convened, and at the fifth pan African congress in Manchester England in nineteen forty five there were calls for an into colonial rule in racial discrimination for independence of the African continent, and for economic advancement in nineteen fifty eight the first congress of independent African states was convened in Accra Ghana. It brought together leaders of nationalist movements who advocated for African solidarity. Five years later in what has been called Africa's unity year representatives of thirty two African governments gathered in oddest above us to sign a charter for the show as you. So a you became operational on September thirteenth nineteen sixty three when its charter went into effect, the charter said in part that the heads of African states, the governments were quote, inspired by a common determination to promote understanding among our peoples and cooperation among our states in response to the aspirations of our peoples for brotherhood and solidarity and a larger unity, transcending ethnic and national differences. The charter also said they were quote, determined to safeguard, and consolidate the hard, won independence, as well as the sovereignty and territorial integrity of our states and to fight against me. Oh, colonialism in all its forms. Member States were made to coordinate their policies in politics diplomacy economics and other areas. The charter also provided for the sovereign equality of all Member, States, non interference in the internal affairs of states respect for their sovereignty and territorial integrity, the peaceful settlement of disputes and the emancipation of dependent African territories after decolonization the Cold War, and the end of apartheid in South Africa. It became clear that the OA you was not entirely effective in its mission to create a prosperous and United Africa, practically a United Africa is hard to implement in the OA. You had both failures and successes. It made progress in decolonisation and development of international law while it didn't not do so well at bringing peace instability to the continent, or meeting, the demands of globalization. In nineteen ninety nine heads of state, and government of the OAU issued the search declaration to call for an African Union that better address the social economic and political challenges that Africa faced, the oh, a you was dissolved in two thousand and two the African Union which focuses on Africa's development and socio economic integration replaced, it some of the aims of the African Union are to promote and protect human rights to promote peace security, instability, on the African continent to promote sustainable development and to encourage the participation of the African diaspora in African affairs every year on may twenty fifth Africans and people in the African diaspora celebrate Africa day, a holiday that commemorates the founding of the O a you and African Unity. I'm eve coat. And hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday. You can follow us on Twitter, Instagram and Facebook at T D H, c podcast. 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