Summer of 69: The Passion Behind The Family Pt. 2
Due to the graphic nature of these crimes listener discretion is advised this episode includes discussions of murder sexual assault drug use and violence that some people may find offensive. We advise extreme extreme caution for children under the age of thirteen when Suzanne struthers fifteen year old brother call to tell her. Nobody was answering the door at their mother and stepfather's house. She didn't believe him at first. It was after nine P._M.. And they weren't the type to go out carousing late at night but he insisted she come over. Suzanne told herself. It was probably nothing one of his jokes that she she didn't understand but she couldn't shake her rattled nerves. She took her boyfriend Joe to go investigate. When Susan arrived at her parents house she retrieved the spare key and unlocked the back door? Joe suggested that she she weighed in the kitchen while he checked the living room as she waited. Suzanne looked around and spotted a pile of Watermelon Ryan's in the sink. The site of the mess in her mother's normally meet kitchen gave Suzanne chill a a moment later Joe hurried back into the kitchen seeing his face Suzanne's worry turn to panic. He wouldn't tell her what he saw in the living room only that they had to leave right now as Joe Joe guided her to the back door. Suzanne glanced at the refrigerator startled scrawled on the door and red paint was a strange message helter skelter. Hi I'm leany hops and this is crimes of passion apar- cast original illegal definition of crimes of passion is a violent crime that occurs in the throes of extreme emotion leaving no time to reflect on the consequences but in this show we explore passionate crimes how does a marriage progress from husband and wife to killer her and victim or killer and co-conspirator if there's then mind between love and hate what manipulates our relationships and a deadly results last week we explored Charles Manson's troubled troubled childhood in and out of juvenile facilities as an adult he spent another ten years in prison but despite his criminal tendencies Charles had an amazing talent for manipulating people when he was released from prison in nineteen sixty seven Charles used this power of manipulation to attract a following of lost vulnerable people who were desperate for love and guidance he called his group of two dozen disciples the family family under Charles Guidance they spent their day squatting at spun ranch and Seamy Valley taking drugs participating in group sex and listening to Charles Lecture about a coming race war which he called called helter skelter but by July of nineteen sixty nine Charles thoughts and actions were turning increasingly violent after dispute with a drug dealer named lots of Papa Charles went to lots of Papas apartment went shot him and left for dead but this shooting was only the start of the brutality Charles perpetuated that summer in this episode we'll talk about how Charles directed his followers to kill for him how the group began to splinter in the aftermath of the violence and how the family was finally brought to justice. This episode is part of our casts summer of Sixty Nine Event July twenty second through August night. All your favorite podcast shows are teaming up to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of a landmark summer in American history. The summer of nineteen sixty nine from the Manson murders to the moon landing. We're diving diving deep into the summer. America hit a boiling point with twenty three special episodes across sixteen different podcast originals will be digging into the fallout of emo KS assassination a wide reaching l._S._d.. Cold Old and rumors of a Kennedy family cover up you can find these specials and more all in our new parkas presents feed on spotify or anywhere you listen to podcasts at podcast. We are grateful for you. Oh our listeners you allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network several of you have asked how to help us. If you enjoy today's episode the best way down assist to leave a five star review where ever you're listening. It really does help last week we explored Charles. Manson's troubled childhood voted in and out of juvenile facilities as an adult. He spent another ten years in prison but despite his criminal tendencies Charles had an amazing talent from Manipur meeting people when he was released from prison in one thousand nine hundred sixty seven Charles used his power of manipulation to attract the following of lost vulnerable people who were desperate for love and guidance he called his group of two dozen disciples the family under Charles's guidance they spent their day squatting at spawn ranch in Seamy Valley taking drugs participating in group sex and listening to Charles Lecture about a coming race war which he called helter skelter but by July of nineteen sixty nine Charles thoughts and actions were turning increasingly violent after dispute with the drug dealer named lots of Papa Charles went to lots of Papas apartment shot him and left him for dead but this shooting was only the start of the brutality Charles perpetuated that summer in this episode we'll talk about how Charles directed his followers to kill for him how the group began to splinter in in the aftermath of the violence and how the family was finally brought to justice after Charles gunned down lots of Papa in July nineteen sixty nine he bragged to his followers about the shooting shooting but he wrongly believed lots of Papa was affiliated with the Black Panthers and worried that the panthers might come after the family and Revenge Charles became fixated on his plan to flee to death valley and Wade out helter author skelter in isolated safety there Charles said they would hide in a pit until the world returned to order but before they could make their trip to the desert the family needed to raise some funds Charles Thaad one potential source of income might be thirty four year old music teacher and drug dealer Gary Henman Henman was friendly with the family sometimes letting them crash at his house but Charles was an interested in the man's friendship uh with Henman as with all of Charles's relationships Charles only cared about how he could use the other person to benefit himself. This was also Charles felt about twenty one year old musician Bobby beausoleil bobby wasn't an official member of the family but he hung out at the ranch frequently listened to Charles's lectures about helter skelter and was romantically involved with some of the family women in July of nineteen sixty nine nine Charles learned that the two men were in the midst of an argument Bobby Beausoleil had purchased a thousand taps mescaline from Gary Henman but he then claimed that the drugs were tainted. Bobby wanted his money back Charles figure that as long as bobby was asking for refund he should demand some extra cash to help fund. The families 'cause in exchange Charleston over a few family members to Henman's house to put pressure on him. Charles knew that Henman Bliss particularly attracted to Manson family member L. Joe Bayly so he suggested she go along to help her swayed Henman but L. A. Joe asked to be excused from duty. Perhaps she guests at the visit might become violent. She later said that she witnessed the family. Members arguing over which guns and weapons they would bring Henman's apartment instead Charleston family members Bruce Davis Susan Atkins and Mary Brunner to act as enforcers they he held the drug dealer up at gunpoint while the spurn Bobby Beausoleil beat him senseless eventually Henman agreed to sign over the pink slips to his two vehicles as payment but when bobby called Charles to let him know he wasn't satisfied Aspide he was sure and men must have money stashed away for the next two days Bobby Mary Brenner and Susan Atkins held Gary Henman hostage in his home. They continue to make demands for money while bobby relentlessly beat him when Henman told them he go to the police bobby was spooked. He might go to prison for what he done. He called Charles. Who said you know what to do? You Bobby took that as a command to silence Henman by killing him before I continue with Bobby Psychology please note that I am not a license psychiatrist or psychologists but I have done a lot of research for the show. The American Psychological Association has expressed skepticism that people can be brainwashed into acting violently but some psychologists point to countless examples of people falling under a violent cult influence and going on to do the unthinkable licensed mental health counselor. Stephen Hasson used the rise about al Qaeda and other terrorist groups as modern examples of how people can be indoctrinated into committing murder these extremist extremist groups have radicalized individuals through isolation limiting access to outside information and instilling an US versus then mentality Charles Manson uses same tactics family members looked at Charles as they're only source of wisdom and guidance some even thought he was the reincarnation of Jesus Christ Charles exploited their trust to make them believe they had to take a stand against the rich and powerful pigs news of the outside world. The family wasn't just willing to kill for their God Charles. They were proud to do it. So when Charles gave the word bobby readily obeyed he stabbed Henman than dipped his hand and the dying man's blood to draw on the wall he wrote a little piggy and then painted pawprint Charles had instructed bobby to leave evidence incriminating the Black Panthers he hoped Henman's death would heighten racial tensions and help kickoff helter skelter then the group left taking Henman's cars with them back. It gets on ranch. Susan Atkins boasted to the other women about the murder but not all the family members were impressed l.. A. Joe Bayly felt sick to her stomach. She couldn't believe that the people she saw every day. People she loved could casually admit to murder she had heard about Charlie shooting at Black Panther a few weeks before but that hadn't hit her the same. I'm way she figured it was just Charlie. Protecting the family hearing about Henman's death was different. She knew Henman she had been invited into his home. Eligible wondered what might have happened if she hadn't refused to go back. Perhaps she could have done something to help. Henman now it was too late and she felt paralyzed with guilt. Eligible reflected on her time with a Family Charlie had been the center of her life for nearly two years she had once thought she'd be happy to follow Charlie's lead for the rest of her life but now she admitted that she felt differently. Perhaps it had started. When Bill Vance joined the group bill was special and at some point after he arrived L. A. Joe had begun to think of him as her boyfriend but Charlie discourage the family from forming attachments? He told them that everyone belonged to everyone else. Falling in love with bill was L.. Joe's I act of disobedience against Charlie now in the wake of Henman's death. Ellen show began to steal herself up for another her larger rebellion as soon as she could she would find Bill Vance then they would flee spawned ranch together on July twenty eighth nineteen sixty nine eligible Bailey and Bill Vance escaped the family for good three days later the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department discovered Gary Henman's body afraid the police would connect them to the death. Bobby beausoleil decided to flee to San Francisco driving the car he had stolen from Henman but the car broke down midway there when highway patrol stopped to help they realized that an all points bulletin had been issued for the stolen car. The officers discovered the knife bobby had used to stab henman stashed in the cars well later. They matched his fingerprints to a thumbprint left in Gary Henman's house the officers arrested Bobby Hobby and he was charged with murder. When Charles heard about the arrest he was worried bobby? Mike confessed to everything implicating the family in the murder but he was also upset. The Henman's murder had it made more we have an impact he had hoped to spark a media frenzy though it initiate the coming race war so as a family discussed how to deal with Bobby's arrest trials began to work out a new plan he wanted to stage in even and more brutal murder one so shocking it would make headlines around the country Charles was sure that such an event would be enough to trigger helter skelter and as a bonus it might help Bobby Beausoleil. The family thought if more murders were committed while bobby was in custody it would prove that the police had arrested the wrong man and he would be let go on the night of August eighth nineteen sixty nine Charles took family member Tex Watson aside and told him what needed to be done a year earlier when Charles was cozying up to every music industry contact that would tolerate him. He had pursued a relationship with music producer Terry Melchor at the time Melchior lived in a secluded house on ceelo drive. Even though Melcher had moved out of the house some months before Charles reason that whoever lived there now must also be rich and famous anyone anyone who lived in a place like that must be the kind of high profile person whose death would make national news according to Charles's plan techs and a few of the family women would go to Ceelo drive break into the house else and murder them in his research. Stephen Hasson stated that in the most destructive colts psychological influence seeks to disrupt an individual's identity personal behavior thoughts emotions and reconstructed in the image of the leader Tex Watson win later say that he accepted Charles's plan without an argument because Manson slaw was greater than his own conscience Charles recruited more followers. I help tax twenty one year old Susan Atkins Twenty one year old Pat Krenwinkel and twenty year old Linda Kosabe Ian he instructed them to obey any command techs gave but didn't tell them the goal of the mission as they got into the car. Charles called out do something which he it was a code to replicate Gary Henman's murder and the political piggy message bobby had scrawled on the wall just after midnight on August August ninth nine thousand nine hundred sixty nine the family arrived at the House on Ceelo drive techs instructed the women to climb over the fence once they were on the grounds techs told them the plan kill anyone they found inside coming up. We'll talk about the infamous murder spree of August ninth and Tenth Nineteen sixty-nine either if you enjoy this episode on the Manson Family Search crimes of passion on spotify and give us a follow to find more episodes now back to the story just after midnight on August Ninth Nineteen sixty-nine Tex Watson Season Atkins Pat Krenwinkel and Linda Kosabe Ian drove through Benedict Canyon until they reach the house at one Oh five Oh ceelo drive once they got their techs escape the women the order he had received from Charles Manson they were to break in and kill everyone inside after Melcher moved out thirty five year old director Roman Polanski and his wife Twenty six year old actress Sharon Tate rented the House that night Polanski was not home he was filming a movie in Europe but a pregnant tate just two weeks away from her due date had stayed behind in Los Angeles another couple also resided in the house a longtime friend of Polanski's thirty two year old Vojtech Frankowski and his girlfriend twenty five year old Abigail soldier the pair had moved into keep sharing company before the birth on that August night Sharon had another visitor her close friend and hairstylists thirty five year old J. C. bring in addition to the main house. The property also had a smaller guest cottage the property property caretaker nineteen year old William Garretson lived in the cottage that night. He had a friend over eighteen year old student. Steve Parent parent was just leaving the property around Twelve Fifteen A._M.. On August ninth breath when the family members heard Steve Parents car coming toward them down the driveway they hid in some bushes but as a car stopped at the front gate techs emerged holding his gun the teenager implored please days. Please don't hurt me. I'm your friend. I won't tell techs ignored him. He sliced parents arm with a knife and then shot him for times. Steve Parents slumped over in the Front front-seat dead the group pause to see if the gunfire had alerted the residents of the home but the surrounding canyons had muffled the sound Texan the women continued onto the main house attacks found in open window leading into the Front Hall after slicing open the screen he told Linda to stay and keep lookout while the rest when inside in the Living Room Techs Susan and pack found Vojtech Break Hausky asleep sleep on the couch for cousy woke up and ask them what they wanted techs replied. I'm the devil and I'm here to do the devils business then he kicked for Hausky in the head rendering during him barely conscious textile the women to check the rest of the house they found Abigail folder Sharon tate and J. C.. Bring in the bedrooms brandishing their knives. They ordered everyone to the living room. Rome once their tax tied up the men Jay and the still dazed for Hausky Sharon tate started to cry J. shouted. Can't you see she's pregnant. As as soon as J spoke techs shot him in the abdomen text demanded all the money the hostages had full Joe revealed that she had about seventy dollars in her purse about five hundred dollars today tate explained that she didn't have any money in the house but she could get some knowing the Charles would be upset if they returned to spawn ranch without much cash techs became angry J._c.. Bring grown in writing on the floor from his gunshot wound techs world on him and stabbed him until he died when tate and folger's screamed in Horror Vojtech for Hausky awoke from his Stupor and struggled to untie his own. I'm hands Susan Atkins leapt at him and stabbed his legs techs. Turn the gun on him and began to shoot but he somehow managed to break free and limped outside techs quickly caught up with him. Frankowski died with two bullet wounds and fifty-one stab wounds. Linda kosabe Ian was still outside keeping lookout when they had sent out that evening she thought they were going on another creepy crawling mission not a murder spree as soon as she saw tax shoot Steve Parent she had entered a state of shock. Now she meet an attempt to end the gory scene she shouted. Please make it sop people are coming but nobody was coming and techs did not stop Linda gave up she decided to hunt the fence. Get away from the property and wait by their car. As for Caskey died on the Front John Abigail soldier tried to break away she also tried to escape across the yard but Pat Krenwinkel caught up with her and stabbed her when techs trotted over he pointed path towards the guest cottage and told told her to look inside and kill anyone there at seemed shaken after stabbing Bolger and she only pretended to check the guest cottage telling tax at the house was empty. If the caretaker William Garretson was awake back he didn't give any sign to reveal himself techs. Meanwhile continued stabbing Abigail folder later. He claimed she told him as she died. I give up. You've got me finally the murderers turn to pregnant Sharon. Tate Tate begged them despair her. She pleaded with them to kidnap her and keep her alive just long enough to deliver her baby. The family ignored her. Susan Atkins held the sobbing woman while Tex stabbed her sixteen times when she was dead. Susan dipped Ital- in her blood and wrote the worth Hig on the front door with their mission accomplished. The group left the property tax. Susan and Pat Join Linda a car and drove away when they got back to the ranch. Charles was eager to hear about the crime came in fact he wanted to see it for himself to make sure it was gruesome enough to attract media attention he drew back to the House himself at night and made small adjustments wanting to make the crime scene as bizarre Dr and Chongqing as possible. He placed the towel over J._C.. BRINGS HEAD HE DRAPED IN AMERICAN FLAG OVER SHARON TATE's body. He moved a pair of glasses till the living room when he was finished. He drove back to spawn ranch and went to bed the next morning around eight A._M.. A housekeeper discovered the bodies inside the House on Ceelo drive. Her screams alerted neighbors who called the police police question the caretaker William Garretson. He claimed that he had been asleep on night. The police didn't believe him and arrested Garretson. Police also found a number of recreational drugs the House M._d.. Ama A- sheesh and marijuana perhaps the murders were the result of a drug deal gone bad back at Spahn ranch. Susan Techs and Pat Watch the news and basked in the attention engine. Their crimes had received a Charles wasn't satisfied. None of their reports blamed the debts on the Black Panthers nor did they link the debts to Gary Henman's murder the tate murderers wouldn't clear Bobby Bhosle his name nor would they begin helter skelter so Charles decided that more people had to die this time it wouldn't simply issue orders from the ranch. He intended to oversee the killings. Links himself Charles gathered the same group he'd sent to Ceelo Drive Techs Susan Pat and Linda no one had told Charles that Linda ran away during the previous nights murders and she was too afraid to object when Charles selected her for a second journey Charles also brought nineteen year old Leslie Van Houten an eighteen year old clem broke in the group dressed in dark clothes and gathered their knives then they set out into the night Charles directed them to a neighborhood in Los feeless and hold them to stop next door to a house the family had been to before for parties but the friend had moved out the previous devious fall and no one was sure why Charles pick this target he in Tex- got out of the car and entered through an unlock back door inside forty four year old Lino Labianca and his wife thirty eight year old rosemary were asleep Lino and rosemary were not rich celebrities. He ran a chain of grocery stores and she owned address shop. They were a well liked upper-middle-class couple. They had no connections to Manson or the family. When Charles text went into the house they found Lino Asleep on the couch? When he awoke Charles Order text tie the man's hands behind his back with some leather ropes he brought from the ranch Charles went went into the bedroom brought out rosemary and sat her next to her husband then he retrieved pat and Leslie from the car he told techs make sure everybody does something before leaving Charles Stole Rosemary's Wallet Techs put a pillow case over Lino lobbying as head and wrapped a lamp cord around the man's neck in mouth he instructed pat and Leslie to take Rosemary into the bedroom and do the same same thing to her when they were out of sight tech Stab Lino with a bayonet from the bedroom rosemary screamed? What are you doing to my husband? She tried to run to Lino but the lamp courts wrapped around her neck or still plugged into the wall as Rosemary strained against the cords Pat stabbed her with the kitchen knife. Then techs came in to complete the job with his bayonet. When Rosemary was dead tax return to the Living Room Stab Lino a few more times and carve the word war into the man stomach had stuck an ivory handled carving fork in his body? They went back to the a bedroom. were tax instructed Leslie to Stab Rosemary's body following Charlie's command that everyone participate when they were finished they used blood to write messages on the wall in the living room. They wrote rise and death to pigs in the kitchen on the refrigerator door. Pat wrote helter skelter misspelled H. E. A. L. L. T. E. R. AS TECHS PAT and Leslie Follow Charles Orders Charles led the rest of the Women Linda Clem and Susan to a Denny's restaurant instill Elmar he told Linda Lee Rosemary's wallet and the restaurant bathroom he expected a black woman to find the wallet steal the credit cards inside and then be blamed for the law Bianca's murders then Charles asked them who else they might kill Charles were called Linda telling him about a Lebanese actor named Salad and natter whom she met while panhandling Linda had gone back to the actors home in Santa Monica to have sex Charles asked if Linda remembered the building where the actor lived Linda said yes but when Charles handed her a knife and told her she was going to find matter and slit his throat. Linda balked the bloody events of the previous night I took sick and her and she did not want to be a part of more violence. She said I'm not you. Charlie Charles ignored her he needed as many notorious deaths as possible to ignite helter skelter he dropped the family members off in front of the actors apartment and told Linda to lead Susan and Clem to the actors door where they would kill him. Then Charles drove away back to spawn ranch. Linda pretended to obey Charles but she purposefully took Susan and Clem to the wrong unit when a stranger answered the door. Linda backed away and told the family that she didn't remember were natter lived. The group hitchhiked back to spawn and nobody discussed what had happened. The following evening Rosemary Labianca fifteen year old son frank came home from staying at a friend's house when his mother and stepfather didn't answer the door frank called his twenty one year old sister Suzanne and Suzanne's boyfriend Joe Dorgan the three entered the house where they found Rosemary and Lino Law Bianca dead the immediately called call the police when journalist Got Ahold of the story they noticed similarities between the crime scene at Ceelo drive and the lobby on residence police however were skeptical Lino Law Bianca had some gambling debts and investigators thought he might build some money to members of the mafia although it seemed as if the family had gotten away with murder Charles worried about Bobby Beausoleil who was still being held for Gerry Henman's death breath and who might confess and point the police to Charles at any moment the week after the murders Charleston Linda Kosabe into visit Bobby in jail and give him a message to stay quiet. Linda happily took occur assignment Linda COSC- bian skin crawl the she thought about her naievety she had left an unhappy marriage to join the family because she thought she might find a higher love with Charlie and his women. She felt disgusted by what she knew. Now the family had nothing to do with love. They were just mindless. Robots controlled by a Madman Linda would give anything to when do the Knights of August ninth and tenth but her only option was to move forward. She had to get out only one thing was stopping Linda from deserting the family and never looking back back her young daughter. Tanya lived at spawn ranch to Linda desperately trying to think of a way to take Tanya without raising Charlie suspicions but it was hopeless she knew Charlie would never let them leave together if she tried Charlie might kill her and then Tanya would be stuck with the family forever. Leaving Tanya was the hardest thing Linda had ever done but she knew that it was the only only way to get help she had to do it to save them both with her decision made when the borrowed a car and meet a show of leaving visit Bobby at the Los Angeles County jail but instead of driving having south she went east her heart broke as the mile stretched between her and Tanya but she willed herself to keep going. She had to reach her husband Bob in New Mexico then she would tell l. him everything. After Linda reunited with her husband she told him about the murderers but she was too afraid to go to the police worried the family might hurt her daughter. She was anxious to that. The family might trying to come after her but by then Charles was too busy to pursue an insubordinate family member he was hard at work preparing his followers further move to the desert coming up. We'll talk about the fracturing of the family in Death Valley and how the group's breakdown help investigators and prosecutors make their case against Charles Manson now the conclusion of the story in late August of nineteen sixty nine Charles Manson decided it was time for helter skelter to begin. He ordered some of his most loyal followers to carry we out a series of brutal murders on August ninth and tenth killing seven people not long after the murders spun ranch was rated by police. It had nothing to do with the tate or lobby on the murders. Police suspected the group was operating an auto theft during on the property they had been stealing Dune buggies and motorcycles in preparation for their trek to the desert and had actually previously been rated for similar suspicions. Police took some of the family members into custody but the chargers were dropped within days for lack of evidence. Although they released the adult family members they placed the family children including Linda CA sapiens daughter Tanya into foster care when Lyndon discovered this she returned l._a.. County to regain custody over the girl but she did not reveal anything about the murders back at the ranch. Charles remained anxious about the police's raid he thought it might be a signal that someone was spilling family secrets. He blamed Donald Shorty Shea an employee of the ranch owner short he didn't care for the families presence at the ranch and he often advised his boss to kick them out given his animosity towards Charles Short. He made a convenience Abe goat some night in late August about two weeks. After the tape murders Charles Bruce Davis and Clem Grogan again took shorty shea out into the desert and killed him with this done Charles decided it was time to retreat to Death Valley National Park hundreds of miles away from civilization. Listen to wait out the coming ray source Charles is most ardent followers were thrilled that they were finally going to escape into the pit Charles had prophesied they believed that once they were inside the pit they would go through a metamorphosis -morphosis and take whatever form the desired but they had to locate the pit before this could happen when they reached the desert. Charles ordered them to go on daily excursions in search of the whole that would lead them to the pit and each night when they returned from day of searching exhausted they would gather around the fire take hits of acid and listen to Charles preaching about helter skelter and their new life Sharon K. Farber harbor a counselor with a p._H._d.. In social work said that colts prey upon the tendency of many to rely on magical thinking which reinforces the tendency to endow the leader with omnipotent and magical powers the member our can readily come to believe the leader can read his mind or here conversations at a distance. Many of Charles is followers were desperate for Charles's predictions to come true. They had joined Charles in the first place to escape their empty lives and now they wanted to escape from reality itself but for the family members who were not quite sold on Charles's apocalyptic predictions life and death valley was a difficult adjustment there was no electricity or telephones they were constantly running low on food and supplies and the daily expeditions define the pit or brutal in the desert heat as morale dropped Tex X.. Watson grew frustrated every day. The Group failed to find the pit techs grew more doubtful of Charles Claims Confused and oppressed. He began to fervently wish that he could erase his life with the family family. After a few weeks he left the desert to return to his parents in Texas. Tech's wasn't the only one to disappear family members Barbara Hoyt and seamy Valley Sherry were frightened by the violence they heard about about one night. They slipped away and want sixteen hours through the desert until they were able to stop a car and hitchhiked back to Los Angeles. Besides the blow of losing members Charles also had to contend. Contend with the attention of Park Rangers who correctly suspected the group had set fire to equipment belonging to the Parks Department these suspicions lead Park Rangers and the California Highway Patrol to pay the family of visit they found stolen cars including makeshift armored vehicles with scampered to hold weapons. The officers suspicions of the Strange Group deepened on October tenth the Park Service Highway Patrol and Inyo County Sheriff's department it meant rated the property authorities made over a dozen arrests but they did not locate Charles by chance he had gone back to Los Angeles a day before to try to raise some extra money and replenish their food stash Charles returned to death valley as soon as he heard about the raid. Perhaps he panicked at the thought of his followers in custody and what they might be telling the gleese he wanted to be physically close to them while he figured out how to regain control role immediately after Charles's return. The authorities raided the desert ranch again this time as California Highway Patrolman James Pursell meet a sweep inside the house he found a lit- candle flickering on the table and he knew that someone must be home herself searched the bathroom right before his is the door of a small cabinet by the sinks Longo been and Charles Manson emerged herself said if you make one false move I'll blow your head off to which Charles replied I Charles was arrested and brought to a jail in Inyo county along with the rest of the family. Once serious interogations began everything started to unravel twenty year old kitty loot singer who was pregnant with Bobby Beausoleil as baby and frustrated that she was being kept in the dark told the police police everything she heard about Gary Henman's murder she also told them she had heard Susan Atkins bragging about stabbing a man in the legs she assumed Susan was talking about Henman but he hadn't been stabbed in legs the attack she described at another crime better the murder of Vojtech Frankowski at Sharon Tate's house investigators questioned Susan who corroborated the story admitting that she had been present for Henman's murder. Susan was subsequently booked for murder and moved to a women's prison in Los Angeles County. Susan spent the next few weeks bragging to other inmates that she had been part of the tape murders. John Are Schaefer a behavioral analyst for the F._B._i.. Says this behavior is common stating when criminals commit crimes they feel an overwhelming need to tell someone what they did especially if the crime required hard skill and cunning criminals crave recognition for their nefarious deeds Susan's fellow inmates reported her statements to authorities while investigators were linking the family to the tate and Hinman murderers they also discovered evidence of Charles involvement in the lobby Janka murders the leather material of Charles is deer skin suit match the leather robes used to tie the hands of Rosemary and Lino Law Bianca in the previous months police had conducted three separate murder investigations without seeing a link between them now with the Manson family in custody. The connections between the Tate Labianca and Henman murders were staring them in the face. Now the police had found the perpetrators of the murders prosecutor Vinson Bull Yosi began to build his case against Charles he would have to rely on witness testimony and for this he would. I need to convince some of the family members to let go of their devotion to and fear of their leader Breaking Charles is hold over the family was a difficult process psychologist and cold expert. Margaret Singer stated stated that the idea of leaving a colt is often unbearable for participants. She says there is a psychological bond that becomes most difficult to sever. Perhaps Charles is most bonded and devout follower was Susan Atkins who had been present for all the bloody crimes. Susan Atkins I the prosecutors sitting across from her he was trying to question her but it was hard to focus on him she he had to stay alert and case. Charlie tried to send a message tour. The lawyers kept telling her that Charlie was far away in jail in Inyo County but Susan knew that Charlie was everywhere he he was watching her now. You would know if Susan betrayed him. Her lawyer told her that the prosecutors wanted her to testify against Charlie. He told her that if she didn't cooperate prosecutors would push for the death penalty but Susan understood what her lawyers did not death was meaningless. Only the spirit mattered and the spirit lived forever. That's with Charlie had taught her. Susan Atkins belief in Charles was unwavering but she seemed to enjoy talking about the murderers lawyers convinced her to testify in front of a grand jury in Los Angeles. Susan Susan explained how Charles had program the family to do things and gave detailed descriptions of their crimes. Susan didn't seem to realize that she was incriminating Charles. She saw her testimony as an opportunity to proselytize solidifies about Charles's god-like powers the grand jury panel issued indictments on seven counts of murder and one count of conspiracy to commit murder against Charles Manson Tex Watson. Susan Atkins Linda Because Sapien and Patricia Krenwinkel Leslie Van Houten was indicted onto counts of murder and one count of conspiracy to commit murder. The trial began in the summer of nineteen seventy. Although she yeah testified in front of the Grand Jury Susan Atkins Refuse to testify for the prosecution at trial now she claimed that Charles was innocent and that the family had acted alone without his helper influence but but prosecutors had other witnesses to counter this they arranged a deal with Linda Kosabe Ian who had accompanied the family on the murder missions but refused to kill anyone Linda was granted immunity and exchange for her testimony Simoni. The prosecutors also secured the testimony a former family member Barbara Hoyt who had walked sixteen hours through the desert to escape them testifying against a family proved to be risky cya to the trial trial a family member approach Barbara pretending to renew their friendship but then proceeded to poison Barbara with ten tabs of L._S._D.. When Barbara recovered from the overdose she was more determined than ever to testify justify although prosecutors manage to turn some family members into cooperative witnesses most of them remained under Charles a spell fame social psychologist Leon festinger studied similar behavior in Nineteen Fifties U._F._o.? Colt festinger noted that when the Colt Leaders Doomsday Prophesy failed the cult members became more committed rather than less festinger attributed this to cognitive dissonance writing that a person can distort her perception and the information about the world around her in order to protect her convictions during the Manson trial several of the family women gathered outside the courthouse every day singing enchanting crowds of onlookers lookers inside the courtroom Charles tried to disrupt the trial with a variety of antics including carving a small X. in his forehead just above his eyebrows he arranged for a family member to pass out a written statement went outside the courthouse it read I have xt myself from your world. No Man or lawyer is speaking for me. I speak for myself. I am not allowed to speak with words. So I have spoken again with the Mark I will be wearing on my forehead after he did this. The family woman appeared at the courthouse with X.'s gouged into their foreheads but the trial moved forward as scheduled hold on March Twenty Ninth Nineteen seventy-one the jury returned to guilty verdict Charles Manson Susan Atkins at Krenwinkel and Leslie Van Houten were sentenced to die in the Gas Chamber Tex Watson had separate trial was convicted in October of nineteen seventy-one and also sentenced to death but before these sentences were carried out California Supreme Court voted to abolish the death penalty in one thousand nine hundred seventy two Charles remained infamous in prison attracting notoriety in part due to the devotion of his followers in nineteen seventy five family member Lynette squeaky foamy attempted to assassinate President Gerald Ford Secret Service tackled her before she could shoot Charles might not have ordered the hid himself but many speculate that Lynette did it to impress him. She was sentenced to life in prison for the assassination attempt and paroled in two thousand nine in recent two thousand nineteen interview. She confessed that she was still in love with Manson in other followers did not remain faithful. Susan Atkins eventually renounced Charles and converted to Christianity. She died of cancer in two thousand eight after nearly three decades in prison Tex Watson Patricia Krenwinkel and Leslie Van Houten have also expressed repudiation of Charles they remain in prison today and have so far been denied parole. Charles Manson died in prison and two thousand seventeen at the age of eighty three but fifty years after the Manson families crimes people remain fascinated by the colts legacy. The Manson family came together at the high of a counterculture movement that encourage young people to reject convention question authority and embrace the ideals of peace and love Charles Manson's brutal crimes effectively destroyed the spirit the sixties as the world came to associate the hippie lifestyle with the wave of crime violence but if Charles has life shows anything it's that he did not need a Hippie ideology or political agenda to to inspire him to violence his militias behavior began long before the nineteen sixties Charles Cousin Joanne told the following story six years old first grade. He talked the girls in his class into beating up other boys. He doesn't like then when the principal comes to Ash Charlie. Why did you do that Charlie's responses? It wasn't me they were doing what they wanted. You can't blame me for that. Thirty years later he'd used the same defense with the new group of girls. Thanks again for tuning into our crimes of passion summer of sixty nine special. If you enjoy this episode checkout podcast continued retrospective into the summer of sixty-nine from July twenty second through August his ninth the summer of sixty-nine won't feature twenty-three special episodes across sixteen different podcasts covering everything from Vietnam War protests to the Zodiac killer. We'll be back with a new episode of crimes of passion next next week. If you're interested in learning more about the summer of sixty nine be sure to check out our new are cast presents feed on spotify or anywhere you listen to podcasts several of you have asked how to help us if you enjoy the show. The best way to help is to leave a five star review and don't forget to follow us on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network. We'll see you next time when true love meets true crime.