Charleston Riot of 1919 - May 10, 1919
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Artists are always stopping by to hang out and share their lives and music too. So wake up with a bunch of my friends. I Ninety eight point seven W. MC Q in Washington dc or wherever the rotates you on the iheartradio APP. This Day in history class is a production of iheartradio. Hey y'all I'm Eve's and welcome to this history Class A podcast. That always has history on the brain today is may tenth twenty twenty. The Day was may tenth. Nineteen nineteen a riot began when white failures began attacking black people in Charleston South Carolina. The Charleston riot took place during the red summer a term coined by author and activist James. Weldon Johnson the red summer was the period from Spring to fall of nineteen nineteen when white supremacists perpetrated lynchings priets and massacres during World War. One thousands of black people in the rural south United States move to cities in the north as people who served in the military return to their homes after the war tension between white and black people erupted into violence that was on top of the fact that racism and anti black violence was already alive and well in the US before the war and labour unrest was at a high beyond the resentment that was based purely unraced like people were resentful toward black people who worked as strikebreakers on strike and since the first red scare was at its height some people accused black people being bolshevist and anarchists for their advocacy of racial equality and involvement in social and political agitation. And at the same time black leaders like W E B. D. Boys encouraged black veterans to return fighting when they returned from fighting as he said in an essay. The white people inside it riots. Throughout the summer black people did arm and defend themselves. One of the early riots in the red summer took place in Jenkins County Georgia in April a month later a riot broke out in Charleston. A port city in South Carolina. The city was home to the Charleston Navy Yard when the first World War began the facilities and workforce at the Naval Yard expanded this invigorated Charleston's economy. But when the war ended in eighteen employment at the naval yard steadily declined many of the sailors returning from the war passed through the naval yard. Black people made up. A considerable percentage of the city's population but that percentage was declining as they moved north in the great migration. The true origin of the riot is unclear but it began on the evening of May tenth in one thousand nine hundred nineteen near the intersection of Fain and Charles Streets. Some accounts reported that a sailor was unhappy with whiskey. He bought from a black man while others reported that a black man had shot a white sailor but the riot was likely sparked by a dispute between two white sealers in a black man. The sailors pass the black man on a sidewalk but the man did not step aside for them and the ensuing dispute escalated when someone fire shots in the air as rumors spread across the city. That a black man had shot a white failure. People grabbed pole cues and balls from pool room to use as weapons. White sailors also read it shooting galleries and grabbed rifles pistols and ammunition and began shooting indiscriminately at black people. There was a mob of soldiers sailors and civilians hunting down black people. People fought back against the mob. Police Provost Guards and Marines were sent in to quell the rioting. Though the Marines did help put an end to the chaos they did have a hand in the violence. For instance submarines shot and stabbed Isaac Moses for not obeying their order to stop running by the morning of May Eleventh. The riot had ended. Three men died from injuries. They got during the riots and many others were seriously injured or admitted to the hospital. Mayor Tristram Hyde called for an investigation into the causes of the riots. And the navy suspended leave for unmarried personnel. Black men were arrested for carrying concealed. Weapons a few white sailors were arrested for inciting a riot and one white civilian was arrested in a navy investigation into the riot. Privates Jacob Cohen enjoyed holiday were tried and acquitted for manslaughter but they were found guilty of rioting and both served a one year sentence in a naval brig others charged were acquitted of any wrongdoing black man who had been injured and the Charleston branch of the N. Double ACP petitioned the navy for compensation for the harm that have done. The navy refused to compensate them though. Mayor Hide data agree to setting up some protections against future. Mobs Tom eaves Jeff Cope and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday. And if you have any comments or suggestions for future episodes you can send them to us at this day at iheartmedia dot com. You can also hit us up a social media. We're at the podcast on facebook twitter and instagram. Thanks again for listening to this. Show embassy tomorrow for more podcast. Iheartradio visit the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows renowned Buddhist Jarvis Masters has steadfastly maintained his innocence since he was sentenced to death almost thirty years ago on a new podcast. Dear Governor Jarvis poses the question there have to be there by the execution of one in ten minutes from the confines of his nine by four cell. In San Quentin Jarvis will share his riveting life story how he has managed to maintain a sense of custom ism in the most dire circumstances are pulling their mind by now. The rival provide the details of the bloody murder and trial. Landed him on death. Believe you're based found that women. I would get charged from here. Details from inside the courtroom as attorneys fight for his final state. Appeal with newly disclosed evidence. Posters has claims of innocence will the California Supreme Court exonerate him a reaffirm? His death sentence listened to dear governor on the iheartradio APP on Apple. Podcast or wherever? You get your podcasts. Plus Two thousand twenty. We know things have been super weird lately. Were robbed of graduation ceremony so we found some people right. You speeches John Legend. He's thirty Clinton. She's into over twenty of your favorites from Dj College Coach K. Abby Wambach two ALSI. They're all here. Give the wisdom that we could all use right now. 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