Kasato Maru arrived at Santos - June 18, 1908
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The ship Cossutta muddle arrived in the port of Santa Cruz south of Sao Paulo Brazil, the ship was carrying the first Japanese emigrants to come to Brazil seven hundred eighty one Japanese passengers, took the trip from the port of Kobe to the port of Santa Cruz, to work at coffee plantations, as the Japanese government had been promoting immigration as a way to solve social and economic issues. There were Japanese individuals who migrated to Brazil before the Cossutta Mabus arrival. But this day is considered the official beginning of Japanese mass immigration to Brazil, from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century, Japan operated under a seclusion policy enacted by the Tokugawa shogunate that kept it isolated from the rest of the world. This period was called sococo which can be translated as closed country during this period. Japan restricted trade and relations. With other countries. Most foreign nationals were not allowed to enter Japan and Japanese people were not allowed to leave the country without a license with harsh punishments, if they did do so some of the goals of Succo coupe were to cut off western colonial and religious influences to control commerce and to strengthen Tokugawa authority in Japan and East Asia, Japan was not completely shut off from the world during these two hundred plus years. The Dutch Chinese and Koreans had access to Japan and Nagasaki was prominent as one of Japan's international cities at the time, but the isolation policy ended in the eighteen fifties when the country was pressured to sign treaties, restoring diplomatic relations with the United States and other countries wants to pan opened its doors. Japanese people began migrating abroad in eighteen sixty eight more than one hundred Japanese people went to. Hawaii to work on sugarcane plantations. Others went to work on farms, and Guam, but conditions in treatment of the Japanese were poor in foreign countries and the recruitment and transport of the Japanese contract. Laborers was not authorized by the Meiji government. The government banned people from emigrating out of the country for the next two decades, but in eighteen eighty five after Japan and Hawaii entered an agreement Japanese people began leaving in droves to Hawaii Thursday, Island, New Caledonia, Australia Fiji, and other South Pacific locations under labor contracts. The plan was for them to return to Japan with money after a few years, Japanese people also began emigrating to Latin America in North America, the later policies restricted Japanese immigration to the US, and Canada, as anti-japanese sentiment rose in North America and Australia, the Japanese began looking to south. Erica. Impoverished, farmers were facing rapid industrialization in Japan while Brazil needed. More cheap labor on plantations Japan encouraged immigration to South America, as a way to deal with poverty food, shortages and overpopulation on April twenty eighth nineteen. Oh, eight the Cossack Madhu left the port of Kobe carrying hundreds of Japanese immigrants who hoped to earn a lot of money and take it back to their family, and on June eighteenth. The ship reached the Santos port. Most of the people on the ship were farmers from fourteen prefectures including Okinawa Kogoshima, and Cooma Moto, besides the seven hundred eighty one migrants who were set to work, at coffee, plantations, ten of the passengers on board were traveling without contracts. The laborers were sent to work on several different farms, many owners provided the Japanese laborers with housing. Clothing and food, but wages were low and living and working conditions were poor some migrants left the farms to work other jobs, while others started their own plantations Japanese communities formed in the country. From nineteen o eight until the beginning of the Pacific war in nineteen fifty one nearly one hundred eighty nine thousand Japanese people migrated to Brazil, the overwhelming majority of those people are estimated not to have returned to Japan from nineteen fifty three to nineteen Seventy-three, tens of thousands. More Japanese people move to Brazil today. Brazil is home to the largest population of Japanese people outside of Japan. I'm used coat in hopefully, you know little more about history today than you did yesterday. If you have any burning questions or comments to tell us you can find us on Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook at t d I h c podcast, I have a new show called unpopular. It's about people in the past who tells the status quo and were sometimes persecuted for it. You can listen anywhere you listen to this day in history class. Thanks again for listening and we'll see you tomorrow. For more podcasts from iheartradio. 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