Mavericks & Legends: Livia Drusilla
Hello from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia. Were MANICA. Today's legend was one of the most powerful women in the Roman Empire as wife of Emperor Stas and his most important political adviser. She built it considerable influence on the workings of the Empire. Even while living in the shadow of her powerful husband she used her considerable skills and potentially significant amount of scheming and treachery to ensure that her descendants rose to power. Please welcome Livia. Drew Silla Livia. Jerusalem was born on January thirtieth in either the year fifty eight or fifty nine BC. Probably in the city of Rome. Her father. Marcus viest RUSSA's cloudiness was a senator in the Roman republic and a member of the powerful off family beyond this very little is known about Libya's early life when Livia was fifteen or sixteen years old. Her father arranged marriage between Livia and her cousin. The Roman politicians TIBERIUS CLAUDIUS NERO A YEAR. Later in forty see. She gave birth to a son named Tiberius. At that time there was a lot going on in Rome and particularly in Roman politics following the assassination of Julius Caesar and Forty Four B. C. E. There were a number of players fighting for power. Livia husband and father sided with Julius Caesar's assassins against the Forces of Caesar's adopted son Octavian soon to be known as Augusta's and Mark. Antony this fighting culminated at the battle of Philip. By and forty two CE with the victory by Octavian and Mark Antony Forces lluvias father committed suicide at by but her husband continued fighting in order to avoid punishment for supporting the losing side Livia and her family fled Rome and forty BC. I living in Sicily and then moving to crease a year later general. Amnesty was declared allowing Livia her husband and young son Tiberius to return to Rome upon her return. Livia Matt Octavian for the first time in thirty nine you see. The story goes Octavian fell in love with her. At first sight Octavian who was already married quickly divorced his wife the day after she gave birth to his daughter. Julia. Libya's husband was also forced into a divorce. Even though his wife was six months pregnant with their second child at the beginning of thirty eight you see the newly divorced Livia gave birth to a son named Druce just a few days later. She Octavian remarried in a weird twist. Her first husband played the role of father and gave her away at the wedding. Whether or not this was truly a love match. It was certainly politically savvy marriage as it united two of the most powerful. Roman families three years into the marriage. Octavian Livia the power to rule over her own finances which at the time was unprecedented in Rome and was an incredible show of trust and respect. This freedom allowed her to form her own political alliances and to help proteges. Favorites RISE THROUGH THE POLITICAL RANKS. Octavian also had a public statue erected and dedicated to his wife following a triumphant victory at the battle of axiom in thirty one B. C. E. Over his once ally. Mark Antony and Cleopatra Octavian consolidated singular power over the Roman Empire on January Sixteenth Twenty seven BC e the Roman Senate Octavian the honorary title of Gustis. The name by which he would be known going forward and handed him unlimited governing power over Rome under the title. I citizen of the state to be clear. Augusta's was the first Roman emperor but because of political sensitivity surrounding the death of the Roman Republic. He chose not to use any title. That might suggest a monarchy from the start. Livia was a highly supportive partner to Augustus. Both as a wife and his a political strategist. It was well known amongst the Roman political class that she wielded significant influence over affairs of state she was also considered to be generous and convinced. Augusta's to be the same particularly when it came to the treatment of his opponents. The Roman public saw her as the epitome of a proper Roman Lady Role Model. She and Augusta's made a point of modeling approved behavior. I living and dressing relatively modestly and maintaining a proper Roman household as supportive as Livia was of her husband. Her primary concern was ensuring that one of her two sons from her first marriage succeeded. Augusta's emperor she and Augusta's had no children together. Augusta's did have one child from his previous marriage. His daughter Julia and Julia had three sons. Who were in line for the throne ahead of Libya's sons since they were direct blood descendants Livia was ultimately successful in her goal but whether it was a matter of good fortune or outright scheming and intrigue somewhat murky I her second son. Druce died in battle in nine BC e then into to e one of August. Is's grandsons died from while in Gaul and just two years later. Another grandson died in battle. Finally Augusta's last grandson was exiled when he was still young and eventually executed leaving. Libya's eldest son Tiberius as the lone air though Augustus. His grandsons died abroad. Rumors spread. That Livia had arranged their deaths. While Libya's eldest son Tiberius had distinguished himself on the battlefield and enrollment politics. He did not have a good relationship with his stepfather. Augustus and always felt that he was treated poorly by him. Part of this may have been a result of Tiberius is extremely stormy. Forced marriage to Augusta's daughter Julia. A move made by Livia to ensure type areas as legitimacy is air. The marriage was so bad in fact the Tiberius self exile to roads in six P. C. E. supposedly to get away from his wife returning to Rome. Eight years later in four. Livia finally saw her work to fruition. When Augusta's officially adopted Tiberius who was in his forties at the time with the adoption Tiberius became the official heir to the throne on August Nineteenth Fourteen C E. Augustus died while he and Livia were away from Rome. Some dispute the state of death believing that Augusta's had died days earlier but that Livia put off making the announcement until Tiberius could return to Rome to ensure his ascent historians over. The years have suggested that Livia may have also had a hand in her husband's death claiming that she fed him poisoned figs following Augusta's death Tiberius became emperor he quickly tired of his mother's influence and meddling and removed her from politics. Some believe that when he eventually left Rome to live in Capri. It was an order to get even further from his mother. Livia died in twenty nine Ce. She was eighty six years old. Whether Livia was involved in the deaths of her stepsons and husband remains unclear. What is clear is that Livia wielded considerable influence over Augusta's and the formation of the early Roman Empire. She used her power and political skill. Help her husband rule Rome all while working diligently to ensure it was her own line. Who would succeed him all? May We're talking about Mavericks and LEGENDS FOR MORE ON. Why we're doing what we're doing check out our newsletter. Manica weekly you can also follow us on facebook and INSTAGRAM AT ENCYCLOPEDIA. Will Manica and you can follow me. Directly on twitter at Jenny Kaplan special. Thanks to lose Kaplan my favorite sister and Co Creator and special. Thanks to all the maniacs out there to join our brand new membership program go to glow DOT FM slash Lamonica. It really means a lot to us. Go be supporting the work. That goes into encyclopedia. Amanda and you'll get special access to weekly live events. Go to glow DOT FM slash will Manteca Talk to you tomorrow.