241 | War at Home
Welcomed Aaron monkeys cabinet of curiosities production, of Heart Radio and grim and mild. Our world is full of the unexplainable. And if history is an open book, all of these amazing tales right there on display just waiting for us to explore. What's going? To the cabinet of curiosities. Giovanni Caselli wanted nothing more than to talk to people is only problem is that the people he wanted to talk to lived very far away perhaps that was why he became a Catholic priest. So he could have a direct line to someone else very far away. Born C at Italy in eighteen fifteen. Caselli may have arrived a few hundred years too late for the renaissance but he certainly grew into quite the renaissance man in addition to getting ordained in eighteen, thirty six he also studied history science and literature. His L. eventually transitioned from being a student to be in a teacher. He tutored Italian aristocrats in Parma for several years before his exile to Florence for political activism. He soon took a job as a physics professor at the university there. Caselli soon became entranced by the sciences his own teacher Leif Nobili taught him about subjects like electromagnetism, an electro chemistry. Caselli took it upon himself to adapt those lessons into a journal. He called the recreation which was meant to dispel such complicated science into a more accessible form. One particular topic struck Caselli during his tenure at the university electricity specifically, its use in transmitting signals from one place to another when he wasn't teaching Caselli was researching how to send messages across long distances over wire. Now the telegraph which sends electrical pulses across a vast network of wires had existed since the eighteen forties Caselli didn't want to send beeps in blips though you wanted to send words and even pictures but fortunately, he was limited by the technology of time. Sending. Messages from one location to another required a lot of power and a method of synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver after many years ago he finally cracked it in the eighteen fifties with his invention. He called the pen, Telegraph. It was six feet tall shaped like a giant wishbone and was powered by massive batteries on one side to curved metal plates were situated next to each other a transmission plates and the receiving plates. The transmission plate held the message to be sent, which was written in a non conductive ink descended. A stylus would travel across plates in parallel lines until the message had been scanned. The information gathered from the conductive plates and the non-conductive. Inc was then sent over telegraph lines to another pen telegraph setup. Elsewhere, a pen fixed over the receiver plates on that device would rights or draw the incoming transmission on a new piece of paper. To solve his synchronization problem casella used a fairly low tech solution a pendulum clock known as a regulating clock the. Would swing back and forth completing and breaking the circuits over and over again keeping both the transmitter and receiver in sync. I demonstrated his device in eighteen fifty six to leopold the second Grand Duke of Tuscany. The Duke was in awe of what Caselli had accomplished and provided funding for his other experiments and inventions for some time eventually grew bored waiting for the next big thing from the physicist seeing the writing on the wall Caselli pats up and headed to Paris where he showed off his pen telegraph to Napoleon the third and like the Duke Napoleon was hooked. Caselli conducted a test of his device between Peres and Amelia. A distance of almost ninety miles. The machine passed without a single hiccup. Another message was sent nearly five hundred miles from Paris to Marseille. Napoleon was convinced in eighteen, sixty four, the pen telegraph became an official and legally authorized method of transmitting written messages across long distances. It didn't last long though while impressive relatively fast the device was not the most reliable method of sending information from one place to another. Eventually Caselli walked away from it entirely and went back to Italy to live out the rest of his days. Eleven years later and inventor named Alexander. Graham Bell would receive the patent for a little device known as the telephone. It goes without saying that telephone change the way people communicated all over the world but it was Giovanni Caselli who went down in history as the man who gave us something even more impressive. The, very first. Fax Machine. This episode was made possible by the deadbolt mystery society. Are you a Connoisseur of murder mysteries? D Love the thrill of unraveling the clues than the deadbolt mystery. 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That's twenty percents off all subscription options and single onetime boxes at deadbolt mystery society, DOT, com. Offer Code Cabinet to zero. Wilmer, McLean wasn't just a simple farmer. He had moved with his wife to her plantation near Manassas Virginia a home they called Yorkshire. Unsurprisingly McLean was an outspoken supporter of the confederacy like most of his Virginia neighbors. That was probably why confederate Brigadier General P G T beauregard had chosen mcleans farm to be his base of action. Signs of a major conflict had been evident for months as more and more states seceded from the Union following the capture of Fort Sumter Bhai, South Carolina troops back in April Abraham Lincoln enlisted tens of thousands of volunteer soldiers to prepare for war. Wilmer fled his home with his family on July seventeenth of eighteen sixty one beauregard had arrived that day with his staff to commandeer the land the House and the barn as his headquarters thirty five, Thousand Union troops had marched for two days in the blistering summer heat finally arriving at bull run while roughly thirty two, thousand confederate soldiers had taken over Manassas junction and the surrounding areas. On the evening of July eighteenth beauregard was sitting in Wilmore's home waiting for his dinner when out of nowhere a visitor came tearing through the front door and landed in the fireplace. It was a Canon Ball. Didn't may have been canceled, but the battle of bull run and in a way the civil war itself had officially begun. For four years brother fought brother father fought son when the fighting had finally stopped seven hundred and fifty thousand souls had been lost about two point five percent of the country's population and almost half of the bodies were never identified. Wilmer had been too old for the frontlines. However, he did find ways to support the south. He made money as a sugar broker and smuggler bringing it to the confederate army through union blockades a year after beauregard had taken control of his home and turned his barn into a field hospital. Wilmer came back to the plantation to help out in other ways. The said seen quite a bit in his absence. As you might imagine, the would had splintered where cannon fire and bullets had gone through its walls. It was no longer the place where he and his wife had hoped to raise their family. It had become a war torn shell of its former self even. So this had been his home and wilmer chose to stay for the winter as a quartermaster to support the troops. When the snow started to melt and budding flowers blossomed fighting between the north and the south grew more heated as well. Wilmer decided that he'd had enough he and his family traveled over one hundred miles away to another tiny village in Virginia, far from the bloodstained fields and air choked with gunpowder. Used his money to buy a new house, a converted tavern that had been built in eighteen forty eight by man named Charles? Rain. Rains family sold it to wilmer in eighteen, sixty, three and one time farmer breathed a sigh of relief believing that he'd left the violence of war of his previous home in the past. Unfortunately, he would not be so lucky. On April ninth of eighteen, sixty, five, wilmer was greeted on the street by Charles Marshall a confederate colonel who randomly stopped the first man he saw to ask a simple question. was there a home nearby with General Ulysses s grant of the Union Army, could meet peacefully with confederate commander General Robert E. Lee. Wilmer took Marshall on a tour of an old brick house he thought might work but Marshall told him no, it had to be nicer somewhere quiet and respectable where the two men could sit down and talk things out. Wilmer has it tasted before eventually suggesting his own home as a possible meeting place. Right there in the village. Of Apple maddox courthouse. And Marshall accepted. And grant sat across from each other in woolmer's lavish parlour as the confederate general threw in the towel. The war was over and the South had lost the union officers in attendance hooted and hollered getting downright rambunctious as they tore the house up looking for any and all souvenirs to mark the momentous occasion. They cut strips of fabric out of woolmer's furniture they took silverware and candlesticks, and even a doll belonging to his young daughter they paid for the damage with money they practically forced into the man's pockets before leaving with their keepsakes. And Wilmer McLean. became the only man in history with the right to say that the civil war had started in his backyard. And ended in his front, PARLOUR I hope you've enjoyed today's guided tour of the cabinet of curiosities subscribe for free on Apple podcasts or more about the show by visiting curiosities. PODCAST. Dot. com. The show was created by me Aaron. Minke. In partnership with how stuff works I make another award winning show called Lor, which is upon cast book series and Television Show and you can learn all about it over at the world of Lor Dot Com. Until next. Time. Stay curious.