Enoch Powell's "Rivers of Blood" anti-immigration speech / League of Nations dissolved - April 20
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Hello everyone it's eaves checking in here to let you know that you're going to be hearing two different events in history in this episode. They're both good. If i do say so myself on with the show. Hi i'm eve. Welcome to this day in history class. I show that reveals a little bit more about history day-by-day. The day was april twentieth. Nineteen sixty eight. British member of parliament not gave a speech to a conservative association. Meeting in birmingham england that became known. As the rivers of blood speech powell conservative mp for the wolverhampton south west constituency used the speech to spouse his opposition to mass immigration. He argued that so called ordinary english. People were becoming a persecuted minority in strangers in their own country and he said that for immigrants integration was difficult if not impossible powell proposed ending almost all immigration into britain and encouraging immigrants. Already there to leave voluntarily. Needless to say the speech was and remains controversial. By the time. Powell gave his speech. Hundreds of thousands of people from the commonwealth of nations countries have moved to britain. This was largely due to the british nationality. Act nineteen forty eight which created the new status of citizen of the united kingdom and colonies that apply to people who were born or naturalized in the uk. Or it's calling me. These people were permitted to live and work in the uk without a visa which led to a rapid increase in immigration in the uk. Over the next two decades british lay people government officials began to object to the large number of migrants and express their desire to bar new immigrant and thin immigrants already. They're back out of the uk in nineteen fifty seven it committee forms to figure out quote ways which might be adopted to check the immigration into this country of colored people from british colonial territories after that committee found that no restrictions on immigration were required. The issue was tossed around without any real conclusion for several years. But in nineteen sixty two parliament passed the commonwealth immigrants. Act which tighten regulations on the immigration of all commonwealth passport-holders according to the act commonwealth immigrants had to apply for work about your grade it based on their employment prospects to be able to settle in the uk in nineteen sixty five. The government reduced the number of vouchers available after asians from kenya and uganda began to immigrate to britain in nineteen sixty seven enoch powell and other conservatives started campaigning for more restrictions on immigration parliament soon passed the commonwealth immigrants act nineteen sixty eight which further restricted immigration to the uk for citizens of the commonwealth of nations countries to have automatic right of entry into the uk the person or at least one of his parents or grandparents had to be born naturalized or adopted in the uk or had to have to come citizen by registration under the british nationality acts. It was in a climate divided over the issue of immigration. That powell gave his rivers of blood speech in it. He criticized the race relations. Bill going through parliament. That would make it illegal to refuse housing employment or public services to people based on color race ethnicity or nationality. He argued that in a couple of decades or less quote. The black man will have the whip hand over the white man. He gave an anecdote about one of his constituents. A white woman who was harassed by so-called grinning pekingese and he pointed to the race riots and violence during the civil rights movement as an example of what would happen in the uk stayed on the same path immigration and race relations. Powell said in the speech it almost passes belief that at this moment. Twenty or thirty additional immigrant. Children are arriving from overseas and wolverhampton alone every week and that means fifteen or twenty additional families a decade or two hints. Those whom the gods wish to destroy they. I make mad. We must be mad literally mad as a nation to be permitting. The annual inflow of some fifty thousand dependents who are for the most part the material of the future growth of the immigrant descended population. It is like watching a nation busily. Engaged in heaping up. Its own funeral pyre. Nowhere in the speech tip house say the phrase rivers of blood but near the end of the speech. He did say the following as i look ahead. I am filled with foreboding like the roman. I seem to see the river. Tiber foaming with much blood. This illusion to virgils epic poem. Aeneid is weird. The nickname for the speech comes from during his speech in after it was finished. How was applauded. After pal gave the speech people came out in support of repatriating immigrants while others denounced his racism after he gave a speech conservative leader. Ted heath dismissed him from the conservative shadow cabinet and eventually he left the conservative party and became an ulster. Unionist powell suggestions to restrict immigration did not lead to any major anti immigration policy changes but his anti-immigrant views were popular at the time and the phrase enoch was right gain traction in a year. Since i'm eve steph coat and hopefully you know a little more about history today. Did yesterday get more notes from history on twitter. Instagram and facebook at td. I h podcast. Thanks again for listening. And i hope you come back tomorrow for more delicious morsels of history. It's crazy how much we have to pay for outdated impersonal healthcare and even crazier that we all just accept it. It's time to face facts. Healthcare is backwards. Luckily there's forward a new approach to primary care that surprisingly personal and refreshingly straightforward forward never makes you feel like just another patient backed by top rated doctors and the latest tech forward gives you access to personalized care whenever you need it using in-depth genetic analysis and real time bloodwork forward top. Rated doctors provide you with in-depth insights to better understand your genetics mental and physical health. 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A podcast where you really do learn something new every day. I hope you all are still doing well. I'm doing well still recording here in my closet days can get pretty long and sometimes monotonous. But do hope that this podcast bring something new into each of your days and to each of your lives. So let's get on with the show. The day was april twentieth. Nineteen forty six. The league of nations an intergovernmental organization that formed after the first world war ended was dissolved. The league of nations was the predecessor of the united nations back in nineteen fourteen. A british political scientist named goldsworthy lowes dickinson drew up a scheme for an international organization to maintain peace in called it. The league of nations thin british academic and politician lord bryce founded a group of international pacifists. And the us in nineteen fifteen. A similar organization called the league to enforce peace formed it promoted arbitration and imposing sanctions rather than going to war in one thousand nine hundred eighteen the british foreign secretary lord balfour appointed a committee on the league of nations to study the feasibility of creating such an organization. The committee was known as the film. More commission after its chairman walter fillmore. The fillmore commission recommended the establishment of a conference of allied states whose members agreed not to go to war with one another without first submitting the dispute to arbitration in june of nineteen eighteen. France also drafted a proposal advocating the establishment of an international council after. Us president woodrow. Wilson saw the fillmore. Plan he instructed his adviser edward house to draft a us plan that incorporated his own views in those of the film commission. Some of wilson's views were idealistic for instance. He's suggested the prohibition of dishonourable behaviour between states such as dishonesty and espionage ended in november of nineteen eighteen when germany signed an armistice with the allies the treaty of versailles signed on june twenty eighth nineteen nineteen ended the war between germany and the allied powers. An estimated twenty million people died in the war as militaries were able to cause a lot of destruction with new technologies like tanks airplanes and machine guns beyond the casualties political economic and social structures. Broke down in the wake of the war. People began to demand that some sort method be established to help prevent another devastating war from happening. There was a lot of support in the uk and the united states for an international body that could maintain peace and prevent further wars british politician. Lord roberts seasonal in south african statesmen beyond smith's were the principal drafters of the covenant of the league of nations by the time the period peace conference began in january of nineteen nineteen. The proposals for the league of nations had gone through several revisions but that month delegates agreed to form the league of nations part. One of the treaty of versailles established league of nations and june of nineteen nineteen forty four countries signed the covenant which served a charter for the organization. The league of nations was officially established on january tenth. Nineteen twenty when its covenant went into effect. It held its first meeting on january sixteenth. The us never joined the league whose headquarters were at geneva. Though the organization did successfully mediate minor international disputes. It did not prevent the outbreak of the second world war in nineteen thirty nine. It was dissolved on april twentieth. Nineteen forty-six after the united nations was established. The united nations continued many the operations that existed under the league of nations like the committee intellectual cooperation which became unesco and the health organization which became the world health organization. I'm steph coat and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday. If you'd like to send us a comment or you have any questions you can send us an no social media. Where at t i ate the podcast you can also send us a note via email at this day at iheartmedia dot com. Thanks again for listening to the show and it will see you tomorrow for more podcasts. From iheartradio the. I heart radio app apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows we are not out of the woods. Enthoven nineteen but we're getting there and as we emerge. We need an economy that grows and creates opportunity that requires a reliable consistent and competitive tax code for america's businesses. We have that now. Before covid it created record low unemployment higher wages and brought business back to america a tax increase will undermine our ability to compete internationally. Slow recovery and set us back. Tax increase hurts. American workers learn more at business. Roundtable dot org slash tax paid for by business. Roundtable me me me me me but also you. The pharaoh of has forwards is favorite born film. Or not okay. What's my line. The only line i see here on the script his options based on your budget with the name your price tool from progressive man. That's a tongue twister I'm sorry i'm gonna need a few more minutes bull. This wall risk the bulbous will risk the name your price tool only from progressive. 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