These unpredictable bubbles can disrupt key communications and GPS signals without warning. This is innovation now. Nasr's NASR'S ENHANCED TANDEM BEACON experiment explores bubbles in the electrically charged layers of upper atmosphere. This region called the yeah honest. Fear is home to the International Space Station and many other satellites critical signals for communications and navigations like radio and GPS. Pass through the ionosphere but conditions in this region sometimes create plasma levels which can distort communications signals to learn more about these bubbles. NASA launched to cubesats which emits signals in several different frequencies. The signals are sent to receiving leaving stations on the ground where scientists can measure disruptions. The primary cubesats also work in concert with six Noah satellites allowing wing scientists to study the bubbles from multiple angles at once ultimately this research NASA trace possible causes for the ionospheric bubbles apples and proposed strategies like shifting to a different frequency or changing encoding techniques when bubbles are detected for innovation. Now now I'm Jennifer. Police innovation now is produced by the National Institute of Aerospace through with Nessa.