Admit What You Dont Know, Moral Dilemmas of Self-Driving Cars, and Revolving Door Origins


you might hear from curiosity dot com tell you get smarter in just a few minutes i'm cody goff and i'm ashley aamer did you learn about the weird reason why revolving doors were invented why people who could admit what they don't know tend to know more in why a thought experiment called the trolley problem maybe more relevant than ever satisfy some curiosity legend has it that revolving doors were invented for a weird reason and the way we used in these days might be just about as strange so let's talk about the guy who invented did revolving doors off a list van kennel according to the podcast ninety nine percent invisible he came up with the idea because quote there is nothing he despised more they're trying to walk in or out of the building and locking horns with other men in a game of oh you first i insist unquote yeah he basically just didn't wanna deal with figuring out who should open the door so in eighteen eighty eight he patented the first revolving door which he called a storm doors structure and including weather stripping to prevent energy loss in eighteen eighty nine the first revolving door was installed at a time square restaurant called rectors revolving doors actually do solve a lot of problems they help regulate temperature and air pressure which can save up to thirty percent of energy costs an mit study also found the day exchange eight times less air then traditional doors sounds great right well unfortunately that same mit study found that only twenty to thirty percent of people actually used revolving doors well the rest head for the traditional doors and that's how people do use them they're kind of an etiquette and nightmare the website real simple asked its readers whether women should go first in a revolving door situation and about half of the reader said yes that's at the level of chance not a good sign but the next time you're facing off with a stranger at a revolving door on the other hand park hyatt chicago doorman joe snyder says it becomes the first person to go through as do most of the pushing gentlemen should always go first his invention is just one more example of how when you fix one problem sometimes you create more if you've ever been accused of being a note all than listen up because a series of five new studies from pepperdine university study suggests the people who could admit when they don't know something tend to actually have more knowledge these studies measured something called intellectual humility that means having give you insight and honesty to admit when you're ignorant about or inexperienced an issue this is different than general humility which is defined as the virtue of acknowledging gear limitations for a long time scientists have associated general humility with more academic learning ends better grades that's probably because you realize you have things to learn in order to learn successfully intellectual humility is less about your general weaknesses and it's more about dealing specifically with intellectual fallibility your intellectually humble when you realize that your ideas ideas and opinions might be wrong it involves being open to new information end according to the authors of the new study healthy independence between intellect and ego the team engaged nearly twelve hundred participants in their studies and used questionnaires testing participants cognitive abilities their predictions of those abilities in their levels of intellectual humility for the last part the researchers used lots of different psychological scales and models to get more accurate results and the team found it across the board intellectual humility was associated with more general knowledge though not drainers cognitive ability as in people who are intellectually humble orense murder but they do tend to no more than those who aren't the researchers think this leg up on knowledge is because that humility leads directly taking actions they can leads people to learn more things like reflective thinking intellectual curiosity an openness the team also noted the past studies suggest but as people gain knowledge they see an increase in intellectual humility basically humility end knowledge are linked though it's hard to know which comes first the best thing to remember is that curiosity seems to be a good thing the world is big and it's impossible to know everything and if you wanna make people think you're smart maybe the best thing to say is i don't know today's episode is sponsored by kiwi co wicky recos innovative projects you can empower your kids to be creative confident and fearless and all their endeavors qb go create super cool hands on projects for kids to make learning about steam fun becoming a subscription box and the confidence are designed by experts untested by kids kiwi co makes it easy for you to work together with your child to create an engaging in fun project which several lines to choose from for kids of all ages stop by to see a couple of 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shipping and as a curiosity daily listener you know the kiwi co dot com slash curiosity to get your first month free every day counts when it comes to making a difference so don't miss out on this amazing opportunity again good kiwi co dot com slash curiosity and get your first month free that's kiwi co dot com slash curiosity were wrapping up with some variations on a classic thought experiment because it's the kind of thinking that we need to explore with the spread of artificial intelligence i'm talking about the fifty fifty year old moral dilemma called the trolley problem it goes like this a runaway trolleys on a track set to hit five unsuspecting rail workers if it hits them they will definitely die you happen to be standing next to a switch they couldn't diverge the train onto a separate track were only one real worker standing if you flip the switch the five workers will be saved but the single worker will be killed when you flip the switch the trolley problem with the first posed in nineteen sixty seven and it led to lots of variations see if these small adjustments changer answer what if instead of flipping a switch you're the driver of the runaway trolley same options you could do nothing and kill five workers or swerved to the left and kill one what do or how about this one you're standing on a foot bridge above the track where the runway trolley is about to hit five people there's a stranger standing next to you and if you push that stranger onto the tracks he would die but it would stop the trolley in save other five workers there's you push in how about the same situation but instead of that person being an innocent bystander it's the man who cut the brakes on the trolley in the first place you push him to save those five people these slight changes and the trolley problem actually triggered different different parts of our brains in the switch flipping scenarios researchers have measured increased activity in the prefrontal cortex which is associated with logic reason and problem solving but in the person pushing scenarios they've measured increased activity any migdal which plays an important role in fear and the fight or flight response among other emotional processes most people will never have to make a decision like the one in the trolley problem but self driving cars will when faced with the lethal crash do we want them to make the cool calculated decision to kill fewer people in every scenario even if that includes view the driver or do we want them to take other elements into account the life or death issue is a conundrum engineers face today and it's not clear they will ever have the right answer i mean that's the big question right would you buy a car that would sacrifice their life to save others i'm so glad i take public transit let's do a quick recap of what we learned today but first we wanna thank are patrons for supporting today's episode a very special thank you ben ereck out some mp on the anc i'm john season eddie young an emily for supporting the show okay so what did we learn today revolving doors were invented because somebody didn't like holding doors and it just lead to more holding door etiquette confusion right when you don't know something it's best to be honest with yourself and others about how much you know because then you'll end up learning more like socrates said i know that no nothing exactly wise words end a variations on a classic philosophical question can really change the way it affects the brain yeah everyone should just kind of stay away from railroad tracks hemet if you wanna learn more

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