Leaders: Benazir Bhutto

Automatic TRANSCRIPT

The father used to say that the people of Bacchus thon on my political s there my sons and daughters. Hello from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia will Manteca. Today's leader was a groundbreaking politician who served as prime the minister of Pakistan twice making her the first woman in modern history to lead the Muslim nation though somewhat controversial due to charges of both corruption and political recall naievety. She was a champion for democracy and a force for liberalization in greater personal freedoms in her country. Let's talk about Benazir. Bhutto Benazir was born on June twenty first nineteen fifty three in Karachi Pakistan to a wealthy aristocratic family with strong a political ties. Benazir's father Zulfikar Ali Bhutto founded the Pakistan Peoples Party otherwise known as the P P P A popular Socialist Party that lead Pakistan in the nineteen seventies sometimes has to appear to be optimistic nevertheless feed that that is you for the future but this is dwindling at the same time I defected. That's lifetime and as your first and primary language bridge was English though. She did speak Urdu on occasion. From a young age she showed great promise and received a Western style. Education prestigious convent schools in Pakistan Khuzistan. In one thousand nine hundred. Seventy one while Benazir was attending Harvard. University her father was elected leader of Pakistan on a socialist platform. Then is your graduated with a bachelor's degree from Harvard in nineteen seventy three and then moved across the Atlantic to the University of Oxford where she studied philosophy political Kossi. It's making in nineteen seventy seven soon. After she finished Oxford and return to Pakistan Benazir's father was ousted in a military Kuu. I'm a Hamad will hawk. Zia became the military dictator of Pakistan and Benazir's father was executed two years later in nineteen seventy jeanine though Benazir and her mother were frequently under house. Arrest from nineteen seventy nine to nineteen eighty-four Benazir took up her father's mantle as head of the PP PP finally having had enough Benazir's political aspirations Zia exiled Benazir on her mother. The to move to London in Nineteen eighty-six Zia ended martial law and Benazir and her mother were allowed to return to Pakistan. Benazir quickly became the foremost member of the political opposition to Zia during her time. In England Benazir admired the work of Margaret Thatcher upon her return she shifted the P P P from a socialist socialist platform to a liberal one. It changed the course of my life. I had no intention of going into politics and had my father lived. Perhaps perhaps I would have chosen a different life for myself. A more stable life. The political shift helped Benazir navigate a political power vacuum created by the mysterious his death of Zia in a plane crash in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight in the ensuing elections. The P P P one the largest block of seats in the National Assembly and Benazir here was sworn in as prime minister on December first nineteen eighty-eight. This made her the first woman leader of a Muslim nation in modern history. As Prime Minister her Benazir tried to enact political and social reforms but was almost completely stifled by the Islamist and conservative parties as such. She wasn't able to effectively combat. The many issues facing Pakistan including pervasive corruption widespread poverty an increase in violent crime in August of nineteen ninety the president of Pakistan Gulan conned accused Benazir and her new government of corruption and nepotism Benazir was dismissed from her position and a new election was called. It's generally accepted that. The following election was rigged by Pakistan's intelligence services to ensure victory for the Islamic Islamic Democratic Alliance or J. I A Conservative Party in the years that followed Benazir served as leader of the opposition in the National Assembly in one thousand nine hundred ninety three the I J I government was also dismissed for corruption in elections held in October of Nineteen ninety-three the P P P again unearned a majority of votes and Benazir was Prime Minister of Pakistan. Once again this time around Venezia's determined to focus on economic privatization and greater the rights for women to areas. She believed were holding Pakistan back three years later. Renewed charges of corruption were brought against Benazir on. Is You're on her government these new accusations along with a series of controversies like the assassination of Benazir brother and a bribery scandal involving her husband. Bend led to her government's dismissal by the president. The P P P took a beating in the nineteen ninety-seven National Assembly elections and Benazir chose to go into self exile. The following year. The new prime minister was continuing to pursue. What were believed to be politically motivated? Corruption charges against her Benazir moved to Dubai and continued to run the P.. From there in two thousand seven rumors began to circulate. That Benazir was returning to Pakistan to run in the two thousand eight elections and she planned to run on a platform of greater military accountability to the civilian government and calls for a stop to the growing Islamist violence. In October tober Benazir officially arrived in Karachi from Dubai. They were great celebrations by her supporters following her return from exile though they were marred by a suicide aside attack on her motorcade that killed many supporters standing nearby. Either plus Sweden me not to come away. Intimidate me into not coming and I'm not going into be intimidated. I've made my decision and I'm returning for better or for us after attending a rally on December twenty seventh. Two thousand seven Benazir's Benazir's motorcade was hit by another suicide attack. This time Benazir herself was killed though. al-Qaeda took responsibility for the attack. It's it's widely suspected that the Pakistani Taliban as well as elements at the intelligence services were also involved in the years following her assassination. Benazir's here's come to be regarded as an icon for women's rights. She's revered for achieving the highest levels of success in a male dominated society tune in tomorrow for the story of another leader this week encyclopedia will Manica is brought to you by hellofresh. One of my personal New Year's resolutions is to cook more. Our thanks to hellofresh. I think it's a resolution I can actually keep. Hellofresh is flexible. You can easily change delivery days and food preferences and you can skip a week. Whenever you need I travel a lot? So that's Buydell for me. hellofresh helps me save meal prep and planning time and most importantly the recipes are delicious. Russia's I love that I get introduced dishes I otherwise might not try hellofresh now starts at just five dollars and sixty six cents per serving go to hellofresh fresh dot COM Slash Encyclopedia Tan. That's hellofresh dot com slash encyclopedia one zero and Use Code Encyclopedia. One zero during hellofresh is New Year's sale for ten free meals including free shipping special. Thanks to Liz. Caplan my favorite sister and Co Creator. Her Talk to you tomorrow.

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