Warriors: Artemisia of Caria

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Hello for wonder media network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia. Britannica happy February. A new month means a brand ran new theme this time talking about warriors women from throughout history and around the world who stood up to fight for what they believed for some that meant literally taking up arms for others that marching writing or speaking up for the cars are story. Today starts way back in Ancient Greece in the fifth century BC. We're talking about a queen and Genius military strategist whose advice was sought out by the Persian emperors. Here's our CC's meet Artemisia of Caria Arte. Museum was the daughter of the King of Halacha. NASICE her mother's identity is unknown other than the fact that she was from after her father's death Artemisia assumed the throne of carrier which is located. In what's now Turkey carrier was the province of the Persian empire at the time because of her gender Artemisia technically served as regent for her young son. During this period zirk sees he's the powerful Emperor of Persia was attempting to conquer Greece. His father had suffered an embarrassing defeat at the battle of marathon and Zirk sees was determined to carry hurry out his father's quest for revenge to do so Zirk had brought together. What's believed to be the largest military force assembled up to that point in history Artemisia troops were part of that force led by the Queen herself as Queen? She wasn't required or expected to join the war so she must have actively chosen to to do so. Most of what we know about. Artemisia comes from the famous Greek historian. Herodotus he was quite a fan when describing the Persian military military herodotus wrote Artemisia. I pass over all the other officers because there's no need for me to mention them except for Artemisia because I find it particularly remarkable that a woman should have taken part in the expedition against Greece. She took over the tyranny after her husband's death and and although she had a grown-up son and not have to join the expedition. Her manly courage impelled her to do so. Hers was the second most famous squadron in the entire Navy after the one from side. None of circuses allies gave him better advice than her Artemisia fought in the battle of Artemis e in late for eighty BC there. She proved herself to be quite the tactician to avoid unnecessary conflict before her forces were ready and in the correct positions. She instructed her ships to switch between the Greek and the Persian flags on her orders. The the battle of Art Museum was considered a tie but the Greeks fled allowing the Persians to recruit Artemis. Performance was so impressive that the Greeks put a bounty on on her head. As the Naval Battle of Art Museum was being fought the battle of thermopylae was playing out on land. The Persians won a major the victory at the land battle and went on to burn the city of Athens in some ways. Destroy the city accomplished what Zirk see set out to do but but the Greeks had fled Athens before the Persian troops arrived and the war was far from over the Greek forces were instead preparing to change the tide of the war in a naval battle. They lured the Persians into conflict off the coast of Greece. Circuses called on all of his advisors. Here's to decide whether or not the Persian should move their forces to meet the Greeks where they'd station near the Strait of Salamis. According to Herodotus every single will member of the council wanted to go for it except for Artemisia was impressed that she dared to oppose the majority opinion. He had already been impressed by her performance. In the battle of Artemisia and this honest guidance lifted her even higher in his esteem. Still all circuses decided to follow the rest of his advisors. He wanted a decisive absolute victory against the Greeks. Unfortunately things didn't go his way. Despite the fact that Artemisia had advised against joining the fray she didn't hesitate to follow orders to do so as the Persians attacked. The Greeks acted like they were retreating. The move forced the fight into the Strait of Salamis. The narrow street was very difficult to maneuver in the Persians large ships and significantly easier for the Greeks more nimble vessels the Persians. majorly ager lost the battle. Circuses was afraid that the lawsuit prompt the Greek forces to go on the offensive and strategically trap his troops in Greece Greece. One commander offered to stay behind with three hundred thousand troops to allow himself to retreat before agreeing agreeing to the plan. Circuses again sought the advice of his military leaders including Artemisia according to Herodotus when Artemisia arrived to give advice ice surfaces excused everyone else to hear her thoughts this time she sided with the proposed plan. She said that whether remaining troops won won or lost it wouldn't be too much sweat off sees back Zirk sees followed her advice and left Greece. Artemisia was charged with taking his children to safety in Ephesus access which is in modern day. Turkey the commander who stayed behind was killed. The following year and another Greek victory after delivering Zirk sees children. Artemisia disappeared from the historical record. Despite the fact that her side Lost Artemisia proved herself to be an extraordinary strategist. She earned herself the position of prized adviser at a time when it was almost unheard of for a woman to be in such a role this week of encyclopedia. CLA -PEDIA will MANTECA is brought to you by Athletic Greens. No matter what it is. 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That's athletic Greens screens dot com slash encyclopedia tune in tomorrow for the story of another warrior. Special thanks to lose Kaplan my favorite sister and co-creator Talk to you tomorrow.

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