Welcome to bedtime history. Hello. This is Brek first off a shoutout to our new donors, Jake and Dylan from California. If you'd like to donate to bedtime history, go door website bedtime history stories, dot com, and Click on donate in the menu to join us on Patriae on. As a side note, it makes me excited to see bedtime history growing throughout the world. I hear from families all across the globe who are learning about the wonders of history together donations go a long way to spreading the word about the podcast in giving more and more children access to our history stories. In the values they teach be sure to tell your friends about us and leave reviews we always appreciate them. Now onto our episode. Imagine you're in a beautiful old church in England the year is eighteen, twenty seven and you're at the coronation or royal crowning ceremony a new monarch. All around you rich people are dressed in beautiful clothing as the music starts in enters the princess who is about to be crowned Queen. She is only eighteen years old and as she enters the room, you can see that she is very short, but she is poised and calm. She has the confidence of someone who knew this is her path she is Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria was born in Eighteen nineteen in London England when she was born, her name was Alexandrina Victoria. Victoria as her nickname. Victoria was the daughter of Prince. The Duke of Kent and strengthen and princes. Victoria of Coburg saw filled, which was the sister of the King of Belgium leopold the first. Sadly when Victoria was only eighteen months old. died after that, her mother became domineering influence in her life domineering means bossy and controlling. She was raised by her mother her mother's accountant John Conroy. Because her family was wealthy, Victoria had a very privileged childhood this means as a child. She had very nice things and lived in luxury. She had the best foods the nicest clothes everything you can imagine a princess to have the Victoria was said to be kind warmhearted and lively. She loved dolls and had over one hundred of them in her playroom. Despite all of her toys and Nice Things Victoria was not allowed to play with other children a normal way. So she had very few friends. This made her sad but her best friend and constant companion was her nanny Lewis Lesin. Victoria's nanny taught her at the Royal Palace. She learned all the subjects that a wealthy child who may one day become Queen would need to learn including languages and politics. Victoria had a talent for drawing and painting and Governess Lewis encouraged her to pursue these hobbies. Victoria also really enjoyed journal writing. She started riding his child in continue to write in her journal for the rest of her life. While, she was growing up Victoria's mother and John. Conroy kept a very close eye on her. They knew that she may one day become the queen of England and they wanted to keep their influence over their child. themselves. Influence means control an impact while she was a child they never let Victoria be alone without one of them present. Victoria. Same Room as her mother until she was eighteen so that she wasn't on her own. Her mother in John Conroy were worried that if Toria was left alone that other people might try to influence her themselves and might turn her against them. Despite her mother's influence Victoria had feisty temperament, this means that she had high energy and was very independent in nature. She had a big personality, but physically, Victoria was famously very short as an adult. She was only four feet eleven inches tall. At the time of her birth Victoria was fifth in line to the throne but over the course of her childhood in early Teenage Years Victoria's uncles her father's three brothers all died without having living children. This meant that when Victoria turned eighteen in eighteen, thirty, seven, she knew she would become the queen of Great, Britain and Ireland. One of the first things that Queen Victoria did after becoming queen was to claim her own control and authority over her life and her rule. She moved out of her mother's bedroom and her own room she distance herself from her mother John, Conroy, which means that she broke away from them and their constant advice and influence she had seen how much were controlling her and trying to tell her what she should do and she didn't like it. Instead, the young Queen Victoria turned to her friend the prime minister at the time Lord Melbourne to teach her about. Her and her role as Queen, a prime minister is similar to a president in England. Lord Melvyn was Queen Victoria's first prime minister who sir for seven years from eighteen thirty, four, eighteen, forty, one. He helped each Queen Victoria about the details of being a queen and the royal she plays in government at the time. He acted as the Queen's adviser on politics. It was the person she could speak to openly and get advice during the early years of her reign. In eighteen forty Victoria married her cousin, Prince. Albert. Of Saxe Coburn in Gotha. She met Albert when she was just sixteen. Since Victoria was Queen Albert couldn't propose to her so she proposed him on October fifteenth. Eighteen. Thirty Nine At first the British public didn't like Prince Albert because he was not from the United? Kingdom. But from Germany. At first, he was not allowed to be involved in politics at all but eventually, people realize that he was a good person and Queen Victoria started to rely on his advice and he helped her to rule. During the early part of their marriage Queen Victoria and Prince Albert fought quite a bit. They both had strong personalities and didn't like to be wrong. But. They loved each other very much and we're committed to being successful together. Over time they started to get along better and Prince Albert started to give Queen Victoria advice and helped her make difficult decisions during her reign. And together, they had nine children. Their Palace was a busy and noisy place with the so many kids. Prince Albert. Also brought a number of German traditions to the United Kingdom that became popular for British people. This included the tradition of putting up a Christmas tree at the holidays. Prince Albert had put a Christmas tree up for a celebration at the royal home and a picture was taken of Queen Victoria Prince, Albert, and their children in front of the tree. The picture was in a popular newspaper at the time and afterwards many people in the UK and other parts of the British Empire. Started putting up. Christmas trees to. Life in Britain. During the nineteenth century was known as Victorian England because of Victoria's long rain and the stamp it and her personality placed on the country. During her reign Great Britain grew, it's industry more than ever before they built railways, bridges, underground sewer, and power energy networks throughout much of the empire. This is also known as industrialization. During her reign Britain also expanded the size of its territories doubling in size and taking over Canada, Australia India, and a number of other places in Africa the South Pacific. The Queen Love the British Empire felt that it was good. The Queen loved the British. And felt that it was good of the world that Britain grew to take over so much of it. Because Britain controlled. So many different parts of the world during her reign people started saying famous expression. The Sun never sets on the British Empire. During Queen Victoria's reign, she also supported scientists to do research and learn more about the world. There were great advances in science such as Darwin's theory of evolution, the Telegraph and the popular press or common newspapers. The main cities in England grew very large and more and more people learn to read the Victorian era was a time of great development for the. British. People. But not everyone always liked the decisions that Queen Victoria made during her life. There were seven assassination attempts made on her life. This means that our enemies tried to kill her so that she would no longer be in charge, but they did not succeed in their at temps. After several years of suffering from a sore stomach Victoria's beloved. Albert died of typhoid fever in eighteen sixty one at the age of forty two. Victoria was very sad. She had a plaster cast made of his hand and she kept by her side for the rest of her life. She also went into a twenty five year seclusion which means hiding on her own for the rest of her reign she wore black. Queen Victoria died on January twenty second nineteen one. When she died she had been the longest reigning woman monarch in the world. While she was queen her country saw great cultural expansion advances in industry science and communications in the building of railways and the London. Underground. And the expansion of the British Empire during her reign continues to have great impact on the world and the cultures of various places that were British colonies under her rule. Can you imagine being born into a royal family and knowing that you will one day be King or Queen? This would be a great amount of pressure for a child. Even though she had nice things and was very wealthy Victoria still cared about her people. Great Pride in her country and wanted to use her powers to do good things. With all our money she could have had just a good time, but instead she rose to the challenge to be a great queen to the British people. If you a king or queen of country what are some of the things that you would focus on? Where would you live? What are some of the things you would do to make it better? Thanks for listening and be to tune in next week.