Levelling the Playing Field: Reparations, 5G, Game of Thrones
It's Friday April twelfth. Welcome to skim this. We're bringing down the most complex stories of the day and giving you the context on why they mattered students at Georgetown University voted to pay reparations to descendants of slaves who were sold by their school today. We'll connect the dots on reparations why there's been a debate over them. And why it's getting louder ahead of twenty twenty. Then the Trump administration is in the race to close the digital divide. We'll tell you what this could mean for rural communities and finally it's a big weekend for the seven kingdoms. We're very excited. We're here to make your Friday smarter. Let's skim this. Support. For today's episode is brought to you by Dunkin. They've got a whole new line of signature lattice. Blueberry, Chris caramel craze and Kokomo which is good because we've got a lot of news to cover. Sipping is believing. The most complicated story today is about reparations reparation means to repair something. Sometimes that means saying you're sorry other times. It also means some kind of payment to make up this week students at Georgetown University voted to create a reparations fund for a group of people living in Louisiana and Maryland who are the descendants of slaves slaves who used to work plantations linked to Georgetown, but were sold in eighteen thirty eight so we're going to get into what this vote yesterday was about where it came from. And why it's part of a larger debate about reparations that you're going to be hearing more about. Georgetown University has been around since the late seventeen hundreds back, then it was called Georgetown college. It was run by Jesuit priests in eighteen thirty eight they ran into some by Nanteuil trouble and decided to sell two hundred and seventy two enslaved people who are working on plantations in Maryland that the Jesuit priests owned. Those people were sold for what would be over three million dollars today it saved Georgetown from going under, but the sale broke families apart they were sent to plantations in Maryland in Louisiana and to the state many of the descendants of those slaves are still living in those areas. One city in Louisiana called Marin Gwen is mostly made up of those descendants and many live on incomes, far below the national median. A student at Georgetown on earth this backstory back in two thousand fourteen and there was backlash some called on the university to rename building named after one of those Jesuit priests. Others called for a memorial honoring the two hundred seventy two enslaved people the university issued an apology and started giving preferential admission to their descendants, but some students at Georgetown wanted more. The added a question to a student referendum calling for each student to pay an extra twenty seven dollars and twenty cents in reference to the two hundred seventy two people that adds up to a few hundred thousand dollars a year for charitable fund to help those living descendants that was the vote that happened yesterday. And like we said it passed, but not everyone thought that this was the right approach some students say they shouldn't have to pay for something the university did more than one hundred years ago and the university still has to sign off. But if they do it would make George. Town the first institution in America to pay reparations for making money off of slavery. To be clear paying reparations, isn't you? But it's controversial since the nineteen. Fifties. Germany has paid holocaust survivors, millions of dollars in reparations, South Africa has paid reparations to victims of apartheid violence back in the eighties. The US pass legislation apologizing to Japanese Americans in turned in camps in the US during World War Two and started a program to pay them back during the civil war. Some in the US pitched reparations for former slaves in eighteen sixty five union generals wanted to help release slaves buying their financial footing by giving them land, forty acres and a mule but president Andrew Johnson nixed. It. All of these are one to one reparations. We did something wrong to you. And we pay you back or in the case of Georgetown, your descendants. Where reparations get tricky is when it becomes about more. The idea has been around for years, but in two thousand fourteen writer Tana hoc- coats wrote in epic sixteen thousand word essay the case for reparations. Because didn't just argue that the family members of slave should get payback from the people who profited he said after slavery ended American society kept treating blacks like slaves through racial segregation, laws known as Jim crow through criminal Justice and housing laws through the lack of access to education and voting booths. And he said black Americans deserve reparations for that stuff to pay off. I don't mean hush my I don't mean when given so that we never have to talk about this again. I mean in a tire process and money is part of that process. Yes. Indeed. That essay and the Georgetown case got people talking. Ng in January congresswoman Sheila jackson-lee, reintroduced a Bill to establish a federal commission that would study how slavery effects African Americans today and come up with ideas for reparations house speaker Nancy Pelosi says she's on board this week Senator Cory Booker who's also running for president introduced the same Bill in the Senate, and he's not the only twenty twenty democratic candidate talking about it. We have never fully addressed in this country, the original sin of slavery. I'm believe it's time to start the national full blown conversation about reparations. When I am elected president, I will sign it. But it's not clear how the Bill to even investigate reparations. We'll do it will have to pass the Senate Judiciary committee the head of that committee. Republican Senator Lindsey Graham says it's too divisive. Other Republicans have said the same. But now for the first time ever, the idea of reparations has become a major issue in congress and in a presidential election. So what's the skin? Reparations historically haven't been a popular idea. And they still aren't with the majority of Americans. Recent polls show just one in four people support reparations and only about a third of Democrats and for those who do support it. There's no single approach or plan that everyone agrees on Democrats including Cory Booker and Bernie Sanders are also pushing programs to help African Americans, but also lower income people overall, but reparations has become a part of the conversation in a short amount of time. And you'll be hearing about it more in the months to come. There's not just a racial divide. There's also a digital divide. The Trump administration says it's time to catch up that story is next. There's nothing like feeling fancy without draining. Your Bank account getting fresh lowers saying keep the change putting on a face mask or sipping on Dunkin's new handcrafted signature Latsis with Labour's like blueberry, crisp caramel, craze and Kokomo. They'll have you feeling pinkies out all day. Sipping is believing with Duncan signature Latsis America. Runs on Dunkin. Price and participation may vary. Limited time offer. This afternoon. President Trump announced his administration's going big on faster internet across the country, five G or fifth generation networks is the infrastructure that will power the next phase of superfast wireless connection like a hundred times faster than it is now the tech industry is counting on five G to power self driving cars and smart cities Shaquir five G networks will absolutely be a vital link to America's prosperity and national security in the twenty first century. And there's a global race to build five G networks. That's because whichever country has five g I is going to have a huge global economic advantage. Trump wants to win that race and bring more Americans along for the ride. So what was announced today? I the Federal Communications Commission. The FCC says it's going to auction off more Airways next December. They'll at wireless companies bid on three big chunks of airwaves, which will be crucial to connecting new five G devices to high speed internet second the FCC is going to spend twenty point four billion dollars over the next ten years that money will be given as subsidies to companies that expand wireless coverage to rural areas, here's FCC Commissioner a Jeep pie. He grew up in rural Kansas this money will extend high-speed broadband to up to four million homes and small businesses in rural America. So why is expanding internet access? So important the FCC says they want to close the gap between people who have access to all the information. The internet has to offer and people who don't it's called the digital divide. And that divide is bigger than you'd think the FCC estimates that about thirty million Americans don't have access to high speed internet, especially in more rural areas. That's because to get that right now, you need miles and miles of fiber that run from the provider to your house laying all that cable is too expensive in rural areas where everything is so spread out ninety seven percent of people who live in cities have broadband access in rural America, it's only sixty five percent. How are they going to? Do it airwaves to the rescue? The auction will put about three point four gigahertz of airwaves up programs providers are pushing for mid band airwaves which can be projected over greater distances like out in rural areas. So instead of laying all that cable. They can use airwaves for what's called fixed wireless to get the same effect. Big carriers like AT and T and Verizon have already been rolling out five G in major cities with this move. The Trump administration is also cutting red tape to speed up the process and give carriers more incentive to build out by g and better internet access for the rest of America too. We've heard it all before millennials are killing lots of industries manny's napkins print newspapers. This is not one of those stories because it turns out millennials are also helping one crucial industry the house plan industry. Yep. You heard that right. In the last three years sales of house plants in the US have jumped fifty percent. It's a one point seven billion dollar industry. And according to the national gardening association millennials made up thirty percent of gardening households more than any other demographic. But they don't just water their plants. They share them. There are two point seven million Instagram post with a hashtag plants of Instagram studies show that house plants reduce stress levels and boost moods. And they detox NASA says they get rid of up to eighty seven percent of household air toxins in just a day. Wanna learn other ways you can hit reset on your health this spring? Check out the skin spring forward campaign on our website, the skim dot com slash spring forward. Spring it started. But winter is here the long-awaited final season of HBO's game of thrones premiers this Sunday. So before we go today, we've got some fun facts coming to you from west arrose. I women rule in west rose. And the show is helping them close the pay gap to all the core. Cast members are reportedly paid the same second people dying game of thrones allot, computer, science students in Germany have developed an algorithm to predict the survival rates of different characters. They save Bron a night and Jamie's army is most likely to die next. Sorry braun. And finally the battle for the throne is epic. It takes about two and a half days to watch all seven seasons back to bed without breaks. So if you binge you can almost be done by Sunday night's premiere. And that's all for skimmed this. Thank you so much for tuning in this weekend to keep us in your feet. Be sure to hit subscribe. We'd also love for you to share the show with your friends and rate and review as wherever you get your podcast. A lot of news happens over the weekend. So if you want to catch up first thing on Monday, sign up for our morning newsletter the daily skin, it's everything you need to know to start your day, right on your inbox. You can sign up at the skin dot com.