Wetlands! Wetlands! Wetlands!
Hey welcome to the PODCAST, I'm Josh and there's Charles and Jerry's over there in the stuff you should know. The, dripping wet edition. Then these wet lands. Would not get that. Is that a seger preference Oh gosh. What do you have to say seeger when you always means springsteen? SPRINGSTEEN Badlands. Okay. Baby these wetlands are born to run sure run water I. Don't I don't like myself anymore. Run water those a great save chuck. Thanks. So we're talking wetlands I have to say We have to give a shoutout to Tom Peterman, the foul mouth wetland biologist who keeps asking us to do this episode I was that where this came from it was Tom Peterman suggestion although I'd already wanted to do it anyway. So yeah, I mean we love our scientists May and this one was I was just smiling from ear to ear thrown. Miss. Can you imagine watching a blacksmith Ford something in a wetland in a flooded woodland now? Theravada Right. there. So we're talking wetlands everybody in the Dave Rou, help us put this together. and Dave likes to pop in every once in awhile say does he said what makes a wetland wet water? and. Then he says in all seriousness. That's basically. That the water has to be largely present at least some parts of the year in the soil in such amounts that you would call something wetland. The name wet land it's about as earthy. A term science gets yeah and he frontloaded this with a few stats and I won't go through all of them but I'll go through a few that kind of. Our instructive as to why I love wetlands so much. here's one although wetlands make up only five percent of the land surface in the united. States. They are home to thirty one percent of our plant species. Not Bad One third of America's threatened or endangered species. Species live only in wetlands. I would propose that slightly misleading I think they're endangered because they live in wetlands wetlands are endangered as we'll see. think about a chuck I duNno I took it more as. Like they're all hiding out in the wetlands. Place to hide out no, it's not bad because it's got thirty one percent of the plant species I. Mean. It's a pretty rich bio diverse area to live in if you're an endangered species for sure. Right you. Say Tomato. Well, we'll have to hear from Thomas Peterman the foul mouth wildlife for wetland biologist. You can let us know what does he say like do F- and wetlands already? Yes. That kind of thing. Yeah. I like this guy I think that's an exact quote. Yeah he's my GonNa Dude. So another staff that I thought was pretty interesting that we'll. We'll just kind of needs to form the basis or the undercurrent of this whole episode is that. So we keep talking about the US wetlands found all over the world of different types of varieties in different climates in different different continents, every continent except in Arctic, but in the United States in particular, we have a long history of filling in and and draining wetlands for other purposes. Yeah so much so that Let's see I believe I. Don't Know How much we've lost in the sixteen hundreds. The lower forty eight states were covered with two hundred, twenty, million acres of wetlands, which is eleven percent of the total surface area of the lower forty eight states, and I think starting in the fifties we were doing away with wetlands at a rate of about sixty thousand of those acres per year. Yeah and it's gotten better since then but yeah, in the boy up until the clean water act, it was just like. Hey you know what looked great they're a A. Right with like three golf courses and a bunch of tennis that's been such a driving force like it's it's like looking at land or ecosystems will be like are humans making money off of it? No well, then drain and repurpose it, set it on fire, repurpose it, stop it from burning, repurpose it like if we can't make money off of it it. Can't possibly be useful, and luckily since the environmental movement really started in the seventies, we realized that that's not necessarily true that even if you are just a heartless done, there's still a lot of benefits that humanity's given from things like wetlands that seem problematic or non productive. You know yeah that was one of Dangerfield's big lines in caddyshack as L., servic. was. Golf Courses Cemeteries. Two biggest waste of prime real estate. That's a good one. So let's talk about wetlands. He said that they are only some of them are only wet for short periods sometimes when there's snow melter just rain. Yeah. Those are called ephemeral wetlands, which is cool term. What's a great term Some are wet all the time and the key parts of being a wetland or the key characteristic is that it's either permanently or periodically flooded or wet? And that the soil is got high. It's called Heidrick soil and his dominated by ANAEROBIC processes meaning it loves water and the plants their loved water you which is weird because he used another word that shouldn't really jibe with plants and that's called anaerobic means. Very little to no oxygen present and we'll explain why later. But the fact that there are plants means those plants have adapted to the wetlands. Yes. Aerobic Hydrophobic in we'll talk about this place later it's it's another another thing I love about wetlands is just it really underscores the remarkable evolution that something will go through to survive. Very cool. Very, very awesome. Yep So there's also so you hit upon something like they're not necessarily what year round right. So there's a whole bunch of different types of wetlands or wetland environments that fill those that check those boxes One of the ones that most people think of when they think of wetlands or coastal wetlands like marshes in a marshes basically like this area between inland and the. Ocean, it's like a transition zone, a buffer zone, and because it's because of its proximity to the ocean it's usually salty or at least brackish, which is a mixture of of saltwater and freshwater, and one of the one of the ones that really come to mind if you're thinking coastal wetlands, you're thinking marshlands and you're thinking titled. Muslims. Probably especially if you're a Pat Conroy Fan. What was the name of Her character that he repeats over and over in a whisper I think I remember Chucky was Bobby Jim. Jim. This is one of those scream at the at the pod player moments. Was it in? Was it in the Prince of tides? Yeah. Lowenstein was at. Mean you're sure wasn't bobby jim think was low incident was his always shrinks his shrink girlfriend's name. Yeah. babs. Okay. Yeah. I don't remember I. Think it was Lowenstein All right. So anyway, tidal marshes. Yes. Prince of tides they obviously you're it's because you're title they're gonNA, come in and out with the high and low tide. And like you said, they are generally saltwater and the salt marshes are very nutrient rich and they do have a lot of diversity but obviously, only kind of things that can tolerate the salt