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Makes it easy by sending you a digital scale that automatically calculates exact? Oh stage right now, you too can enjoy stamps dot com with a special offer that includes a four-week trial plus postage and a digital scale, sir. Ready for a happier New Year. Go to stamps dot com. Click on the microphone at the top of the home page in type in stuff. That Stamps dot com and enter stuff. Uh. Mm hmm. They traded all over the Mediterranean and parts beyond the in their culture is recognised as the first real globalised business to pretty cool and about the alphabet. So prior to this Alphabet, the finish in three using a cuneiform scripts just like the rest of us Timia was the roots of the Finnish. An alphabet are in the fifteenth century B, C, E in what sometimes referred to as the pro Canaanite or proto Sinek Alphabet. The earliest examples of Venetian writing date back to 1200 B, C E and they are inscriptions found in the city of Biblo and it is no accident that, uh, Bebe loose is also the roof word for Bibliotheque and Bible bibliography. Exactly All of the book related words. Uh, if you were to look at a linguistic family tree of alphabets Fanie Shen would be really close to the base banned because the finish and treated with so many other cultures. There. Form of written communication spread really quickly and really widely, uh, most other alphabets can actually be traced back to the finish Alphabet. So they're direct descendants of it include Aramaic address skin, archaic, Greek old, Hebrew, and pro Arabic. And there is also even some influence in in the in in East Asian language. Only continents are represented in the nation Alphabet. There are no vowels. This has also called an object odd Alphabet. It made me think of when I was researching it. When you see people's license plates that just have you know, a very reduced version of a word and you have to kind of fill in the vowels. Staff were his initially I was like, how did that work? But that was kind of mine modern ticket into how that might function or old real estate listing, Yes or the Internet when you only had said when he column inches in the newspaper. Uh, and there are actually only twenty two letters and those letters can't be traced back to hieroglyphs in many cases. So they're form. And even, Um, there's often in some historical accounts, kind of a, a, a flow chart of how like this word for ox turned into this shaped which turned into this letter which has similar sound or whatever. Um, so there it is It was born of these other things, but it fill the void of sound based alphabet. Generally, Venetian was written from right to left, But in some instances it was written in of USTR Fedin style, which means that it would alternate direction. Once one line would be written from right to left, and the next from left to right, the alternating direction would continues to somebody reading the language could read their way down a passage of tax without ever having to jump visually to the start of a new line, which added child. I just wondered why that was not how we did it. Well, it has been tried, apparently have, but most loosely mission to the bus Rhino. It's does go from right to left, And you do have to do the jump just like we do in our right reading of English. There were also not normally spaces between words switch seems a little bit crazy. I think to the modern mind. Uh, but there were some times dots to distinguish words and sometimes there were vertical slashes slick a vertical stroke. Uh, but eventually spaces did come into play. And by the sixth century BC East spaces were become. A more common than the dots of the vertical strokes to create word'separation the finish in numeral system was also written from right to left, and it bears a resemblance to the roman numerals system. It combines symbols to create complex numbers a lot. Lake roman numerals, Steve yet and much of the Old Testament was originally written down using the finish and Alphabet because there were really any other options in the way of a standardised writing system at the time that was an actual Alphabet and not pictogram. So why did the Venetians want to create an alphabet in the first place? Here is a very short answer for this but keeping Yes. They were. Um, they were trading at Roman scholar, Pliny the Elder is credited with defining the Phoenicians is the first traveling salesman. And plenty of the elder gets a little bit of, uh, a grain of salt with anything you read. He was apparently given to exaggeration, and he was very, very pro finish in like he really admired that culture. But it is pretty widely accepted that he was Acura. In this character Zeeshan of them, um, because they were travelling all over the place and their entire culture was really based on trade. So as we mentioned, they traveled all over the Mediterranean and maybe even the globe, the goal of the new alphabet was to create a system that would be easy to learn and understand by their business associates. And before this written communication have been pretty pictogram based. It was so diversified. The different societies could not share written information and have everyone knew what the symbols meant. So the Venetian 's founded this way to break words down into characters with different sounds. That could be combined to create any number of words. Because this was a written. If occasion of sound instead of pictograms It was easily adaptable to multiple languages. And because this alphabet was invented to record in track trades, The Alphabet itself sort of became treated Uh, it was the language of business transactions, but it also got adopted for general use because it filled this. Void of systemized rating that with again, not pictogram base that people could pick up pretty easily limit. Let's let's see, more easily transliterated other language. Exactly. Cadmus the finish in is giving credit for introducing the alphabet of his people to the Greeks as told in the writings of Herodotus. And Herodotus says, the Fanie Sion's who came with Cadmus introduced into Greece after their settlement in the country. A number of accomplishments of which the most important was writing an article them. I think a known to the Greeks. At first, they use the same characters as all the other finish ends. But as time went on and they changed their language, They also change the shape of their letters at that period. Most of the Greeks in the neighborhood I Onians They were taught these letters by the Finnish ins and adopted them with a few alterations for their own use, continuing to refer to them as the finishing and characters as was only right as the finish ins had introduced them. So even though it had of all they. Oh, attributed its, um, the alphabet to the Finnish ins.